CN106080485A - A kind of glass for vehicle window crushes escape device - Google Patents

A kind of glass for vehicle window crushes escape device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106080485A
CN106080485A CN201510215692.6A CN201510215692A CN106080485A CN 106080485 A CN106080485 A CN 106080485A CN 201510215692 A CN201510215692 A CN 201510215692A CN 106080485 A CN106080485 A CN 106080485A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
retainer
glass
vehicle window
housing
escape
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510215692.6A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
孔令斐
孔祥海
Original Assignee
孔令斐
孔祥海
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 孔令斐, 孔祥海 filed Critical 孔令斐
Priority to CN201510215692.6A priority Critical patent/CN106080485A/en
Publication of CN106080485A publication Critical patent/CN106080485A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of glass for vehicle window and crush escape device, it is provided with post chamber in housing, and post is provided with retainer in chamber;This retainer uses and can be made by the metal material of attraction, and the initial position of retainer is positioned at post cavity rear end;The front end of retainer is provided with impacting pin;Housing front outsides is provided with solenoid, and the conducting of solenoid performance loop can be triggered respectively by three switches, and one is that warming switchs automatically, and it two is the hand switch that is placed in driver's cabin, and it three triggers switch for urgent;Housing forward end is connected with an annular base, and this annular base front end face can bond with glass for vehicle window and be fixed whole device, has the via passing through for impacting pin in the middle part of annular base.It uses Electromagnetic Drive, a key operation, fast response time, and broken window chance of success is high;It uses automatic window breaking, and has multiple triggering mode, can after having an accident glass for vehicle window is crushed as early as possible, optimal escape opportunity can be won to passenger.

Description

A kind of glass for vehicle window crushes escape device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of escape device, crush escape device particularly to a kind of glass for vehicle window.
Background technology
Travel activity in social high development, people's life and work is day by day frequent, and wherein bus, motor-car and subway are the most commonly used vehicles.This kind of vehicles are for ensureing the comfortableness of security and the internal environment travelling, general employing closed railroad car, i.e. glass for vehicle window generally can not be opened, when meeting with the emergencies such as fire when vehicle, car door and emergency exits are more crowded even can not normally be opened, glass for vehicle window is if quickly removing and becoming optimal passway for escaping, it is seen that researching and developing the high glass for vehicle window of a kind of reliability, to crush escape device significant.
Current glass for vehicle window breaker mostly is emergency hammer, there is many deficiencies in it in emergency episode use: 1. after having an accident, broken window behavior is by passenger's Self-operating, and placement location and mode of operation that passenger is to emergency hammer are not familiar with, it is impossible to quickly operate timely;2. the usual intensity of existing glass for vehicle window is relatively big, and emergency hammer is manually operated, and the dynamics of needs and operating space require higher, and it is big that vehicle window crushes difficulty, often needs repeatedly just to break window success;3. it owing to emergency hammer needs hand-held, therefore is generally temporarily fixed near vehicle window, be easily lost, cannot play a role when accident occurs.To sum up shown, there is many defects, poor reliability in existing emergency hammer, it can not be utilized in time to carry out brokenly window after having an accident, and delays optimal escape opportunity.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to, a kind of reasonable in design is provided, with low cost, easy to implement, reliability is high, after having an accident, the available vehicles self battery power is the energy, is achieved and carries out successful fracture to glass for vehicle window in time, and the glass for vehicle window opening up optimal passway for escaping crushes escape device.
For realizing above-mentioned technical purpose, the present invention by the following technical solutions:
A kind of glass for vehicle window crushes escape device, and it includes a housing, is provided with post chamber in housing, is provided with a retainer that can slide along in post chamber;This retainer uses and can be made by the metal material of attraction, and its sidewall has a blind hole, is installed on spring and positioning collision bead in this blind hole;Then being provided with a locating slot on the sidewall at post chamber rear portion, the initial position of retainer is coordinated restriction to be positioned at post cavity rear end from positioning collision bead with locating slot;The front end of retainer is provided with the impacting pin for clashing into glass for vehicle window, and the front end of impacting pin is hard tip;Described housing front outsides is provided with solenoid, this solenoid is in order to produce the strong magnetic attracting retainer quickly to move forward, the conducting of described solenoid performance loop can be triggered respectively by three switches, one is that the warming being placed in railway carriage top switchs automatically, it two is the hand switch that is placed in driver's cabin, and it three urgent triggers switch for be placed in railway carriage;Described housing forward end is connected with an annular base, and this annular base front end face can bond with glass for vehicle window and be fixed whole device, has the via passing through for impacting pin in the middle part of annular base.
Described housing tail end is provided with one with it through the end cap threadeded, and is provided with an inner hexagonal hole at this end cap outer side center, can pull down end cap easily by spanner, in order to enclosure interior, mechanism overhauls.
Its operation principle is, utilizes annular base that this device is fixed on a jiao of glass for vehicle window, and guarantee that retainer is in original state during installation, i.e. retainer is defined in rear by positioning collision bead with locating slot, and it will not automatic moving;Solenoid is connected with power supply, and multiple switches is installed into specify position;When vehicle meets with emergency, driver can be operated with manual switches or passenger makes solenoid turn on by the urgent switch that triggers, the strong magnetic that solenoid produces produces stronger attraction to retainer, so that retainer overcomes the constraint of detent mechanism and moment reach, impacting pin clashes glass for vehicle window under the powerful inertia that ultraspeed and retainer provide, and then realizes that glass for vehicle window crushes the purpose of escape.In addition, when meeting with fire, warming automatically switchs and will sense that high temperature makes this device trigger automatically, thus wins escape opportunity the earliest for passenger.
There is advantages that it uses Electromagnetic Drive rather than manually operated, one key operation fast response time, the kinetic energy that operationally retainer produces is big, controls the quality of retainer according to the intensity of glass for vehicle window, can ensure the broken window chance of success of this device in process;It is fixed on vehicle window corner due to it in advance, can not arbitrarily take off, will not lose, can play stably when emergency occurs and act on reliably;Owing to it uses automatic window breaking, and there is multiple triggering mode, can after having an accident glass for vehicle window is crushed as early as possible, optimal escape opportunity can be won to passenger.
Brief description
Fig. 1 is that this glass for vehicle window crushes the structural representation before escape device triggers.
Fig. 2 is that this glass for vehicle window crushes the structural representation after escape device triggers.
In figure, the 1st, warming switchs automatically, the 2nd, hand switch, and the 3rd, urgent triggering switchs, the 4th, annular base, the 5th, via, 6th, housing, the 7th, solenoid, the 8th, post chamber, the 9th, impacting pin, the 10th, retainer, 11st, collision bead, the 12nd, spring, the 13rd, inner hexagonal hole, the 14th, end cap, the 15th, locating slot are positioned.
Detailed description of the invention
As shown in Figure 1, 2, a kind of glass for vehicle window disclosed by the invention crushes escape device, and it includes a housing 6, and housing 6 preferentially uses cylindric, is provided with post chamber 8 in housing 6, is provided with a retainer 10 that can slide along in post chamber 8;This retainer 10 uses and can be made by the metal material of attraction, and its sidewall has a blind hole, is installed on spring 12 and positioning collision bead 11 in this blind hole;Then being provided with a locating slot 15 on the sidewall at post chamber 8 rear portion, the initial position of retainer 10 is coordinated restriction to be positioned at post chamber 8 rear end from positioning collision bead 11 with locating slot 15, and when i.e. not having an accident, retainer 10 is always positioned at initial position, and keeps state to be excited;The front end of retainer 10 is provided with the impacting pin 9 for clashing into glass for vehicle window, and the front end of impacting pin 9 is hard tip, thus increases breaking capacity;Described housing 6 front outsides is provided with solenoid 7, this solenoid 7 is in order to produce the strong magnetic attracting retainer 10 quickly to move forward, when solenoid 7 imports direct current work, it collectively forms an electromagnet with the front portion of housing 6, retainer 10 is attracted by it and overcomes positioning collision bead 11 and the detent force that provides of locating slot 15 quickly to move forward, impacting pin 9 is derived from speed and bigger inertia force faster, in the case that there is higher kinetic energy, glass for vehicle window is clashed, then complete glass for vehicle window and crush;The conducting of described solenoid 7 performance loop can be triggered respectively by three switches, one is that the warming being placed in railway carriage top switchs 1 automatically, when meeting with fire incident in railway carriage, warming automatically switch 1 sense railway carriage in high temperature and automatically trigger this device work, it two is the hand switch 2 that is placed in driver's cabin, it is operated manually by driver, and it three urgent triggers switch 3 for be placed in railway carriage, and it is operated manually after passenger's discovery accident in time;Described housing 6 front end is provided with an annular base 4, both can use one-body molded, this annular base 4 front end face can bond with glass for vehicle window and be fixed whole device, the via 5 passing through for impacting pin 9 is had in the middle part of annular base 4, the another object of annular base 4 is to prevent retainer 10 from flying out from housing 6, it is to avoid to car, outer personnel damage.
Described housing 6 tail end is provided with one with it through the end cap 14 threadeded, and is provided with an inner hexagonal hole 13, can pull down end cap 14 easily by spanner, in order to overhaul housing 6 internal mechanism at this end cap 14 outer side center.
Utilize annular base 4 that this device is fixed on a jiao of glass for vehicle window during installation, and guarantee that retainer 10 is in original state, i.e. retainer 10 is defined in housing 6 rear portion by positioning collision bead 11 and locating slot 15, and when vehicle travels, it will not automatic moving;Solenoid 7 is connected with power supply, and multiple switches is installed into specify position;When vehicle meets with emergency, driver can be operated with manual switches 2 or passenger make solenoid 7 turn on by the urgent switch 3 that triggers, the strong magnetic that solenoid 7 produces produces stronger attraction to retainer 10, so that retainer 10 overcomes the constraint of detent mechanism and moment reach, impacting pin 9 has bigger kinetic energy under the powerful inertia that retainer provides and fast speed, its glass for vehicle window that clashes can break window smoothly, and then realizes that glass for vehicle window crushes the purpose of escape.In addition, when meeting with fire, warming switchs 1 automatically will sense that high temperature makes this device trigger automatically, thus win escape opportunity the earliest for passenger.

Claims (2)

1. glass for vehicle window crushes an escape device, and it includes a housing, is provided with post chamber in housing, it is characterised in that: it is provided with a retainer that can slide along in post chamber;This retainer uses and can be made by the metal material of attraction, and its sidewall has a blind hole, is installed on spring and positioning collision bead in this blind hole;Then being provided with a locating slot on the sidewall at post chamber rear portion, the initial position of retainer is coordinated restriction to be positioned at post cavity rear end from positioning collision bead with locating slot;The front end of retainer is provided with the impacting pin for clashing into glass for vehicle window, and the front end of impacting pin is hard tip;Described housing front outsides is provided with solenoid, this solenoid is in order to produce the strong magnetic attracting retainer quickly to move forward, the conducting of described solenoid performance loop can be triggered respectively by three switches, one is that the warming being placed in railway carriage top switchs automatically, it two is the hand switch that is placed in driver's cabin, and it three urgent triggers switch for be placed in railway carriage;Described housing forward end is connected with an annular base, and this annular base front end face can bond with glass for vehicle window and be fixed whole device, has the via passing through for impacting pin in the middle part of annular base.
2. a kind of glass for vehicle window according to claim 1 crushes escape device, it is characterised in that: described housing tail end is provided with one with it through the end cap threadeded, and is provided with an inner hexagonal hole at this end cap outer side center.
CN201510215692.6A 2015-04-30 2015-04-30 A kind of glass for vehicle window crushes escape device Pending CN106080485A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510215692.6A CN106080485A (en) 2015-04-30 2015-04-30 A kind of glass for vehicle window crushes escape device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510215692.6A CN106080485A (en) 2015-04-30 2015-04-30 A kind of glass for vehicle window crushes escape device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106080485A true CN106080485A (en) 2016-11-09

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CN201510215692.6A Pending CN106080485A (en) 2015-04-30 2015-04-30 A kind of glass for vehicle window crushes escape device

Country Status (1)

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106552379A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-04-05 中汽客汽车零部件(厦门)有限公司 A kind of broken glass device of electromagnetism
CN110775003A (en) * 2018-07-24 2020-02-11 尔高拜奥尼克有限公司 Emergency hammer

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202358033U (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-08-01 苏文江 Novel electric control mechanical window breaking device
CN103448656A (en) * 2012-06-03 2013-12-18 李群星 Automatic rapid window-breaking device based on electromagnetic induction principle
CN203543876U (en) * 2013-09-03 2014-04-16 邹长云 Safety window-breaking button
CN203681467U (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-07-02 长安大学 Window breaking device for bus in emergency
CN204736801U (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-11-04 孔令斐 Broken escape device of window glass

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN202358033U (en) * 2011-12-16 2012-08-01 苏文江 Novel electric control mechanical window breaking device
CN103448656A (en) * 2012-06-03 2013-12-18 李群星 Automatic rapid window-breaking device based on electromagnetic induction principle
CN203543876U (en) * 2013-09-03 2014-04-16 邹长云 Safety window-breaking button
CN203681467U (en) * 2013-12-09 2014-07-02 长安大学 Window breaking device for bus in emergency
CN204736801U (en) * 2015-04-30 2015-11-04 孔令斐 Broken escape device of window glass

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106552379A (en) * 2016-11-10 2017-04-05 中汽客汽车零部件(厦门)有限公司 A kind of broken glass device of electromagnetism
CN110775003A (en) * 2018-07-24 2020-02-11 尔高拜奥尼克有限公司 Emergency hammer

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Application publication date: 20161109