CN102642511A - Self-locking and lever principle-based vehicle electrical control/manual double-purpose safety hammer - Google Patents

Self-locking and lever principle-based vehicle electrical control/manual double-purpose safety hammer Download PDF

Info

Publication number
CN102642511A
CN102642511A CN201210100561XA CN201210100561A CN102642511A CN 102642511 A CN102642511 A CN 102642511A CN 201210100561X A CN201210100561X A CN 201210100561XA CN 201210100561 A CN201210100561 A CN 201210100561A CN 102642511 A CN102642511 A CN 102642511A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
self
locking
tup
safety
power
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201210100561XA
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
李康
孙红
Original Assignee
李康
孙红
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by 李康, 孙红 filed Critical 李康
Priority to CN201210100561XA priority Critical patent/CN102642511A/en
Publication of CN102642511A publication Critical patent/CN102642511A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

Links

Abstract

The invention discloses a self-locking and lever principle-based vehicle electrical control/manual double-purpose safety hammer, which belongs to the technical field of an automobile safety device. The self-locking and lever principle-based vehicle electrical control/manual double-purpose safety hammer is characterized in that: the hammer head is a conical hammer head of which the bottom surface is in contact with a compression spring; the hammer head is arranged in a circular guide cavity; a self-locking component force device is arranged on a mounting bracket of the shell through a pin shaft; a short arm end is in contact with a conical surface of the hammer head, and a long arm end is in contact with an electromagnetic iron core; a pull ring is arranged at the lower end of the self-locking component force device; a one-key type centralized control safety hammer parallel electrical control network can be constructed; after a starting switch is started or the pull ring is manually pulled, the self-locking component force device is unlocked and the hammer head bounces out along the circular guide cavity to smash glass; and under the condition that a safety cover is damaged in a mistaking way, an alarm switch is closed, and a buzzer sends an alarm. The self-locking and lever principle-based vehicle electrical control/manual double-purpose safety hammer has the effects and benefits of electrical control and manual operation, high reliability, capability of automatically smashing glass, convenience for passengers to escape, integrated shell, simple structure, easiness for batch production and capability of being applied to school buses, buses, sightseeing buses, trains and the like.

Description

A kind of automobile-used automatically controlled/dual-use manual safety hammer based on self-locking and lever principle
Technical field
The invention belongs to the auto-safety mechanism technical field, relate to a kind of emergent glass crushing device, particularly a kind of automobile-used automatically controlled/dual-use manual safety hammer based on self-locking and lever principle.
Background technology
The safety hammer of widespread use hangs over the side window place at ordinary times on the passenger vehicle at present, takes off during use through manpower and breaks glass realization escape into pieces.Find that through factual survey the conventional security hammer be owing to can manually take off, major part of long duration is lost; Simultaneously, scene was chaotic when accident took place, and the passenger is in alarmed state can't find safety hammer, can not accurately crack glass, and the escape environment when causing the accident can not meet the demands.In the recent period, along with the extensive concern of school bus safety, the producer that has begins to attempt using the automatic broken vierics of blasting technique exploitation, but because safety is difficult to guarantee that the restriction that permitted by working condition and industry temporarily can't be put into production.For addressing the above problem, but be badly in need of exploitation a kind of automatic guidance, easy operating, be difficult for losing, glass crushing device that reliability is high.
Summary of the invention
The technical matters that the present invention will solve is: to safety hammer on traditional passenger vehicle often lose and the situation that has an accident under the timely shattered glass problem of escaping of passenger; Design a kind of automobile-used automatically controlled/dual-use manual safety hammer based on self-locking and lever principle; Can make up the automatically controlled network of one-touch centralized control safety hammer parallel connection; The driver can open fire switch under the emergency situation, smashes the glass at all places, fire escape simultaneously, makes things convenient for the passenger to escape; Simultaneously, under situation about breaking down, but passenger's active failure Safety hood, pulling draw ring starting safety hammer shattered glass, two kinds of modes have improved reliability.
Technical scheme of the present invention is: the present invention divides power apparatus 4, alarm switch 5, compression spring 6, draw ring 7, Safety hood 8, electromagnet 9, fire switch 10, buzzer phone 11, power supply 12, fixed support 13 to form by housing 1, tup 2, bearing pin 3, self-locking.
Housing 1 is the casing that divides the firm banking of mounting bracket and the electromagnet 9 of power apparatus 4 to be integrated in one circular directed cavity, self-locking, is fixed on the car body side window pillar with fixed support 13, and fixed support 13 is the L shape; Tup 2 adopts the taper tup, and the baseplane contacts with compression spring 6, is loaded in the circular directed cavity of housing 1; It is L shape levers that self-locking divides power apparatus 4, is installed on through bearing pin 3 on the mounting bracket of housing 1, and the galianconism end contacts with tup 2 conical surfaces, and long arm end contacts with electromagnet 9 iron cores; Draw ring 7 is installed in self-locking and divides power apparatus 4 lower ends, divides power apparatus 4 long arm ends to be connected with self-locking; Electromagnet 9 is fixed on the firm banking of housing 1 bottom; Safety hood 8 is installed in housing 1 right side; Alarm switch 5 is spring contact strips, contacts with Safety hood 8 inside faces.
The automatically controlled mode of operation of the present invention is: can make up the automatically controlled network of one-touch centralized control safety hammer parallel connection, in emergency circumstances, after the driver opens fire switch 10; Electromagnet 9 iron cores promote self-locking and divide power apparatus 4 to rotate around bearing pin 3; Divide power apparatus 4 galianconism ends to separate with tup 2 conical surfaces up to self-locking, compression spring 6 elastic force discharge, and tup 2 ejects along circular directed cavity; Smash the glass at all places, fire escape simultaneously, make things convenient for the passenger to escape.
Manual work mode of the present invention is: can't open under the situation that fire switch 10 or parallelly connected automatically controlled network break down the driver, but passenger's active failure Safety hood 8 manually spurs draw ring 7; Self-locking divides power apparatus 4 to rotate around bearing pin 3; Divide power apparatus 4 galianconism ends to separate with tup 2 conical surfaces up to self-locking, compression spring 6 elastic force discharge, and tup 2 ejects along circular directed cavity; Shattered glass makes things convenient for the passenger to escape.
Safety hood of the present invention is destroyed the warning mode of operation by mistake: alarm switch 5 is spring contact strips, contact with Safety hood 8 inside faces, and after Safety hood 8 is destroyed, alarm switch 5 closures, buzzer phone 11 is reported to the police.
Effect of the present invention and benefit are: the present invention has two kinds of mode of operation, both can be automatically controlled, again can be manual, and improved reliability; Can make up the automatically controlled network of one-touch centralized control safety hammer parallel connection, the driver can open fire switch under the emergency situation, smashes the glass at all places, fire escape simultaneously, makes things convenient for the passenger to escape, and improves the escape probability; Adopt the integrated form housing, mounting structure is simple, and appearance is small and exquisite attractive in appearance, and is with low cost, is easy to realize batch manufacturing; Can be widely used in school bus, bus, group travel passenger vehicle and train etc.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention one.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention two.
Fig. 3 is the automatically controlled Principles of Network figure of one-touch centralized control safety hammer parallel connection of the present invention.
Fig. 4 is that Safety hood of the present invention is destroyed the alarm control circuit schematic diagram by mistake.
Among Fig. 1-Fig. 4: 1 housing; 2 tups; 3 bearing pins; 4 self-lockings divide power apparatus; 5 alarm switches; 6 compression springs; 7 draw rings; 8 Safety hoods; 9 electromagnet; 10 fire switchs; 11 buzzer phones; 12 power supplys; 13 fixed supports; 14 side window frames; 15 case hardened glasss.
The specific embodiment
Be described in detail the specific embodiment of the present invention below in conjunction with technical scheme and accompanying drawing.
Embodiment one
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of first kind of embodiment of the present invention.Housing 1 is the casing that divides the firm banking of mounting bracket and the electromagnet 9 of power apparatus 4 to be integrated in one circular directed cavity, self-locking, is fixed on the car body side window frame 14 with fixed support 13, and fixed support 13 is the L shape; Tup 2 adopts the taper tup, and the baseplane contacts with compression spring 6, is loaded in the circular directed cavity of housing 1; It is L shape levers that self-locking divides power apparatus 4, is installed on through bearing pin 3 on the mounting bracket of housing 1, and the galianconism end contacts with tup 2 conical surfaces, and long arm end contacts with electromagnet 9 iron cores; Draw ring 7 is installed in self-locking and divides power apparatus 4 lower ends, divides power apparatus 4 long arm ends to be connected with self-locking; Electromagnet 9 is fixed on the firm banking of housing 1 bottom; Safety hood 8 is installed in housing 1 right side; Alarm switch 5 is spring contact strips, contacts with Safety hood 8 inside faces.
Fig. 3 is the automatically controlled Principles of Network figure of one-touch centralized control safety hammer parallel connection of the present invention, and N safety hammer formed the parallel running network, is connected with power supply 12 with fire switch 10.Under the automatically controlled mode work, after the driver opened fire switch 10, electromagnet 9 iron cores promoted self-locking and divide power apparatus 4 to rotate around bearing pin 3; Divide power apparatus 4 galianconism ends to separate up to self-locking with tup 2 conical surfaces; Compression spring 6 elastic force discharge, and tup 2 is ejected along circular directed cavity energetically, hit side window case hardened glass 15; Make case hardened glass fully broken and come off, make things convenient for the passenger to escape.The manual work mode does, can't open under the situation that fire switch 10 or parallelly connected automatically controlled network break down the driver, but passenger's active failure Safety hood 8; Manually spur draw ring 7, self-locking divides power apparatus 4 to rotate around bearing pin 3, divides power apparatus 4 galianconism ends to separate with tup 2 conical surfaces up to self-locking; Compression spring 6 elastic force discharge, and tup 2 is ejected along circular directed cavity energetically, hit side window case hardened glass 15; Make case hardened glass fully broken and come off, make things convenient for the passenger to escape.
Fig. 4 is that Safety hood of the present invention is destroyed the alarm control circuit schematic diagram by mistake, and the alarm switch 5 of N safety hammer is formed parallel network, is connected with buzzer phone 11 with power supply 12.Under the situation that Safety hood 8 quilt mistakes are destroyed, alarm switch 5 closures that contact with its inside face, buzzer phone 11 is reported to the police, and reminds the driver.
Embodiment two
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of second kind of embodiment of the present invention.Housing 1 is the casing that divides the mounting bracket of power apparatus 4 to be integrated in one circular directed cavity, self-locking, is fixed on the car body side window frame 14 with fixed support 13, and fixed support 13 is the L shape; Tup 2 adopts the taper tup, and the baseplane contacts with compression spring 6, is loaded in the circular directed cavity of housing 1; It is L shape levers that self-locking divides power apparatus 4, is installed on through bearing pin 3 on the mounting bracket of housing 1, and the galianconism end contacts with tup 2 conical surfaces; Draw ring 7 is installed in self-locking and divides power apparatus 4 lower ends, divides power apparatus 4 long arm ends to be connected with self-locking; Safety hood 8 is installed in housing 1 right side; Alarm switch 5 is spring contact strips, contacts with Safety hood 8 inside faces.
Mode of operation is behind the destruction Safety hood 8, manually to spur draw ring 7; Self-locking divides power apparatus 4 to rotate around bearing pin 3, divides power apparatus 4 galianconism ends to separate with tup 2 conical surfaces up to self-locking, and compression spring 6 elastic force discharge; Tup 2 is ejected along circular directed cavity energetically; Hit side window case hardened glass 15, make case hardened glass fully broken and come off, make things convenient for the passenger to escape.
Fig. 4 is that Safety hood of the present invention is destroyed the alarm control circuit schematic diagram by mistake, and the alarm switch 5 of N safety hammer is formed parallel network, is connected with buzzer phone 11 with power supply 12.Under the situation that Safety hood 8 quilt mistakes are destroyed, alarm switch 5 closures that contact with its inside face, buzzer phone 11 is reported to the police, and reminds the driver.

Claims (4)

1. automobile-used automatically controlled/dual-use manual safety hammer based on self-locking and lever principle; Divide power apparatus (4), alarm switch (5), compression spring (6), draw ring (7), Safety hood (8), electromagnet (9), fire switch (10), buzzer phone (11), power supply (12), fixed support (13) to form by housing (1), tup (2), bearing pin (3), self-locking; It is characterized in that; Housing (1) is the casing that divides the firm banking of mounting bracket and the electromagnet (9) of power apparatus (4) to be integrated in one circular directed cavity, self-locking; Be fixed on the car body side window pillar with fixed support (13), fixed support (13) is the L shape; Tup (2) adopts the taper tup, and the baseplane contacts with compression spring (6), is loaded in the circular directed cavity of housing (1); It is a L shape lever that self-locking divides power apparatus (4), is installed on the mounting bracket of housing (1) through bearing pin (3), and the galianconism end contacts with tup (2) conical surface, and long arm end contacts with electromagnet (9) iron core; Draw ring (7) is installed in self-locking and divides power apparatus (4) lower end, divides power apparatus (4) long arm end to be connected with self-locking; Electromagnet (9) is fixed on the firm banking of housing (1) bottom; Safety hood (8) is installed in housing (1) right side; Alarm switch (5) is a spring contact strip, contacts with Safety hood (8) inside face.
2. a kind of automobile-used automatically controlled/dual-use manual safety hammer based on self-locking and lever principle according to claim 1 is characterized in that, can make up the automatically controlled network of one-touch centralized control safety hammer parallel connection; After opening fire switch (10); Electromagnet (9) iron core promotes self-locking and divides power apparatus (4) to rotate around bearing pin (3), divides power apparatus (4) galianconism end to separate with tup (2) conical surface up to self-locking, and compression spring (6) elastic force discharges; Tup (2) ejects along circular directed cavity, shattered glass.
3. a kind of automobile-used automatically controlled/dual-use manual safety hammer according to claim 1 based on self-locking and lever principle; It is characterized in that when manually spurring draw ring (7), self-locking divides power apparatus (4) to rotate around bearing pin (3); Divide power apparatus (4) galianconism end to separate up to self-locking with tup (2) conical surface; Compression spring (6) elastic force discharges, and tup (2) ejects along circular directed cavity, shattered glass.
4. a kind of automobile-used automatically controlled/dual-use manual safety hammer based on self-locking and lever principle according to claim 1 is characterized in that, after Safety hood (8) is destroyed, and alarm switch (5) closure, buzzer phone (11) is reported to the police.
CN201210100561XA 2012-04-06 2012-04-06 Self-locking and lever principle-based vehicle electrical control/manual double-purpose safety hammer Pending CN102642511A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210100561XA CN102642511A (en) 2012-04-06 2012-04-06 Self-locking and lever principle-based vehicle electrical control/manual double-purpose safety hammer

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201210100561XA CN102642511A (en) 2012-04-06 2012-04-06 Self-locking and lever principle-based vehicle electrical control/manual double-purpose safety hammer

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102642511A true CN102642511A (en) 2012-08-22

Family

ID=46655667

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201210100561XA Pending CN102642511A (en) 2012-04-06 2012-04-06 Self-locking and lever principle-based vehicle electrical control/manual double-purpose safety hammer

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102642511A (en)

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102897131A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-01-30 潘锟海 Channel system and establishing method thereof
CN102923086A (en) * 2012-11-09 2013-02-13 沈阳建筑大学 Automatic automobile window breaking device
CN103007455A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-04-03 苏州萃智新技术开发有限公司 Strong lifesaving hammer
CN103434475A (en) * 2013-09-12 2013-12-11 湖北拓宇水电科技有限公司 Toughened glass closed-loop directional limited blasting escape device
CN105582620A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-05-18 苏州东润消防电子发展有限公司 Window breaker
CN110040097A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-07-23 浙江农业商贸职业学院 A kind of automobile self-rescue unit based on lever principle

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6257093B1 (en) * 2000-03-10 2001-07-10 John W. Bergacker Vehicle window escape device
US20060064822A1 (en) * 2004-09-24 2006-03-30 Tien-Shui Wang Automobile escape hammer
CN101596893A (en) * 2009-06-24 2009-12-09 宋树建 A kind of lifesaving hammer
CN201506320U (en) * 2009-08-31 2010-06-16 朱军岷 Fixed elastic window breaking device
CN201659948U (en) * 2009-10-27 2010-12-01 钱海达 Multifunctional safety hammer for vehicles
CN202491776U (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-10-17 李康 Automotive electronic-control and manual emergency hammer based on self-locking and lever principles

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6257093B1 (en) * 2000-03-10 2001-07-10 John W. Bergacker Vehicle window escape device
US20060064822A1 (en) * 2004-09-24 2006-03-30 Tien-Shui Wang Automobile escape hammer
CN101596893A (en) * 2009-06-24 2009-12-09 宋树建 A kind of lifesaving hammer
CN201506320U (en) * 2009-08-31 2010-06-16 朱军岷 Fixed elastic window breaking device
CN201659948U (en) * 2009-10-27 2010-12-01 钱海达 Multifunctional safety hammer for vehicles
CN202491776U (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-10-17 李康 Automotive electronic-control and manual emergency hammer based on self-locking and lever principles

Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102897131A (en) * 2012-11-02 2013-01-30 潘锟海 Channel system and establishing method thereof
CN102923086A (en) * 2012-11-09 2013-02-13 沈阳建筑大学 Automatic automobile window breaking device
CN103007455A (en) * 2012-12-12 2013-04-03 苏州萃智新技术开发有限公司 Strong lifesaving hammer
CN103434475A (en) * 2013-09-12 2013-12-11 湖北拓宇水电科技有限公司 Toughened glass closed-loop directional limited blasting escape device
CN105582620A (en) * 2016-03-07 2016-05-18 苏州东润消防电子发展有限公司 Window breaker
CN110040097A (en) * 2019-04-22 2019-07-23 浙江农业商贸职业学院 A kind of automobile self-rescue unit based on lever principle

Similar Documents

Publication Publication Date Title
CN102642511A (en) Self-locking and lever principle-based vehicle electrical control/manual double-purpose safety hammer
CN102688567A (en) Emergency escape device used in the case of fire
CN202491776U (en) Automotive electronic-control and manual emergency hammer based on self-locking and lever principles
CN102923089A (en) Safe and reliable window glass breaking device for escaping from traffic vehicles
CN204736799U (en) With gunpowder driven window glass breaker
CN202526791U (en) Fire emergency escape device
CN204736801U (en) Broken escape device of window glass
CN101929285B (en) Vehicle window and vehicle door quick-opening safe escape device
CN201530357U (en) Glass emergency breaking device
CN104512367A (en) Escape window breaker for saloon car
CN204998476U (en) Automatic demolition unit of door window
CN106080485A (en) A kind of glass for vehicle window crushes escape device
CN204937059U (en) A kind of impact type glass breaker
CN201538278U (en) Automobile door opening security monitoring apparatus
CN202243311U (en) Safe escape device for vehicle window
CN207374313U (en) A kind of car window of meeting an urgent need breaks glass device automatically
CN202358033U (en) Novel electric control mechanical window breaking device
CN205890816U (en) Passenger train is turned on one's side to take initiative and is guided system of fleing
CN203032594U (en) Safe and reliable window glass crushing device of traffic vehicle for escape
CN205113236U (en) Vehicle urgent escape device that falls into water
CN203623588U (en) Glass exploding device
CN205460539U (en) Hit mechanism that garrulous toughened glass fleed in twinkling of an eye
CN206198495U (en) A kind of Remote Control Vehicle glass explosion hammer
CN207955563U (en) A kind of vehicle-mounted emergency broken window device
CN203996088U (en) Electric motor type side window glass demolition set

Legal Events

Date Code Title Description
PB01 Publication
C06 Publication
SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
C10 Entry into substantive examination
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20120822

C02 Deemed withdrawal of patent application after publication (patent law 2001)