CN202491776U - Automotive electronic-control and manual emergency hammer based on self-locking and lever principles - Google Patents

Automotive electronic-control and manual emergency hammer based on self-locking and lever principles Download PDF

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Publication number
CN202491776U
CN202491776U CN2012201427937U CN201220142793U CN202491776U CN 202491776 U CN202491776 U CN 202491776U CN 2012201427937 U CN2012201427937 U CN 2012201427937U CN 201220142793 U CN201220142793 U CN 201220142793U CN 202491776 U CN202491776 U CN 202491776U
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China
Prior art keywords
self
locking
tup
hammer
power
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN2012201427937U
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Chinese (zh)
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李康
孙红
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李康
孙红
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Priority to CN2012201427937U priority Critical patent/CN202491776U/en
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Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
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Abstract

The utility model relates to an automotive electronic-control and manual emergency hammer based on self-locking and lever principles, and belongs to the technical field of automotive safety devices. The automotive electronic-control and manual emergency hammer based on self-locking and lever principles is characterized that a hammer head is a conical hammer head, the bottom surface of the hammer head is contacted with a compressing spring, and the hammer head is arranged inside a circular oriented chamber of a shell body. A self-locking force-component device is installed on an installation supporting frame of the shell body through a pin shaft, a short arm end is contacted with the conical surface of the hammer head, a long arm end is contacted with an electromagnet core, and a pull ring is installed at the lower end of the self-locking force-component device. A one-key centralized control emergency hammer parallel connection electronic control network can be constituted. After turning-on of a starting switch or manual pulling of the pull ring is turned on, the self-locking force-component device is unlocked, and the hammer head pops out along the circular oriented chamber to break glass into pieces. Under the condition that a safety guard is damaged by mistake, an alarming switch is off, and a buzzer alarms. The automotive electronic-control and manual emergency hammer based on self-locking and lever principles has the advantages of being electronic-controlled and manual, high in reliability, and capable of automatically breaking the glass so that passengers can escape conveniently. The integrated shell body is simple in structure and easy for mass production. The automotive electronic-control and manual emergency hammer based on self-locking and lever principles is capable of adapting to a school bus, a bus, a sightseeing bus, a train, and the like.

Description

A kind of automobile-used automatically controlled/dual-use manual safety hammer based on self-locking and lever principle
Technical field
The utility model belongs to the auto-safety mechanism technical field, relates to a kind of emergent glass crushing device, particularly a kind of automobile-used automatically controlled/dual-use manual safety hammer based on self-locking and lever principle.
Background technology
The safety hammer of widespread use hangs over the side window place at ordinary times on the passenger vehicle at present, takes off during use through manpower and breaks glass realization escape into pieces.Find that through factual survey the conventional security hammer be owing to can manually take off, major part of long duration is lost; Simultaneously, scene was chaotic when accident took place, and the passenger is in alarmed state can't find safety hammer, can not accurately crack glass, and the escape environment when causing the accident can not meet the demands.In the recent period, along with the extensive concern of school bus safety, the producer that has begins to attempt using the automatic broken vierics of blasting technique exploitation, but because safety is difficult to guarantee that the restriction that permitted by working condition and industry temporarily can't be put into production.For addressing the above problem, but be badly in need of exploitation a kind of automatic guidance, easy operating, be difficult for losing, glass crushing device that reliability is high.
Summary of the invention
The technical matters that the utility model will solve is: to safety hammer on traditional passenger vehicle often lose and the situation that has an accident under the timely shattered glass problem of escaping of passenger; Design a kind of automobile-used automatically controlled/dual-use manual safety hammer based on self-locking and lever principle; Can make up the automatically controlled network of one-touch centralized control safety hammer parallel connection; The driver can open fire switch under the emergency situation, smashes the glass at all places, fire escape simultaneously, makes things convenient for the passenger to escape; Simultaneously, under situation about breaking down, but passenger's active failure Safety hood, pulling draw ring starting safety hammer shattered glass, two kinds of modes have improved reliability.
The technical scheme of the utility model is: the utility model divides power apparatus 4, alarm switch 5, compression spring 6, draw ring 7, Safety hood 8, electromagnet 9, fire switch 10, buzzer phone 11, power supply 12, fixed support 13 to form by housing 1, tup 2, bearing pin 3, self-locking.
Housing 1 is the casing that divides the firm banking of mounting bracket and the electromagnet 9 of power apparatus 4 to be integrated in one circular directed cavity, self-locking, is fixed on the car body side window pillar with fixed support 13, and fixed support 13 is the L shape; Tup 2 adopts the taper tup, and the baseplane contacts with compression spring 6, is loaded in the circular directed cavity of housing 1; It is L shape levers that self-locking divides power apparatus 4, is installed on through bearing pin 3 on the mounting bracket of housing 1, and the galianconism end contacts with tup 2 conical surfaces, and long arm end contacts with electromagnet 9 iron cores; Draw ring 7 is installed in self-locking and divides power apparatus 4 lower ends, divides power apparatus 4 long arm ends to be connected with self-locking; Electromagnet 9 is fixed on the firm banking of housing 1 bottom; Safety hood 8 is installed in housing 1 right side; Alarm switch 5 is spring contact strips, contacts with Safety hood 8 inside faces.
The automatically controlled mode of operation of the utility model is: can make up the automatically controlled network of one-touch centralized control safety hammer parallel connection, in emergency circumstances, after the driver opens fire switch 10; Electromagnet 9 iron cores promote self-locking and divide power apparatus 4 to rotate around bearing pin 3; Divide power apparatus 4 galianconism ends to separate with tup 2 conical surfaces up to self-locking, compression spring 6 elastic force discharge, and tup 2 ejects along circular directed cavity; Smash the glass at all places, fire escape simultaneously, make things convenient for the passenger to escape.
The utility model manual work mode is: can't open under the situation that fire switch 10 or parallelly connected automatically controlled network break down the driver, but passenger's active failure Safety hood 8 manually spurs draw ring 7; Self-locking divides power apparatus 4 to rotate around bearing pin 3; Divide power apparatus 4 galianconism ends to separate with tup 2 conical surfaces up to self-locking, compression spring 6 elastic force discharge, and tup 2 ejects along circular directed cavity; Shattered glass makes things convenient for the passenger to escape.
The Safety hood of the utility model is destroyed the warning mode of operation by mistake: alarm switch 5 is spring contact strips, contact with Safety hood 8 inside faces, and after Safety hood 8 is destroyed, alarm switch 5 closures, buzzer phone 11 is reported to the police.
The effect and the benefit of the utility model are: the utility model has two kinds of mode of operation, both can be automatically controlled, again can be manual, and improved reliability; Can make up the automatically controlled network of one-touch centralized control safety hammer parallel connection, the driver can open fire switch under the emergency situation, smashes the glass at all places, fire escape simultaneously, makes things convenient for the passenger to escape, and improves the escape probability; Adopt the integrated form housing, mounting structure is simple, and appearance is small and exquisite attractive in appearance, and is with low cost, is easy to realize batch manufacturing; Can be widely used in school bus, bus, group travel passenger vehicle and train etc.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment one.
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of the utility model embodiment two.
Fig. 3 is the automatically controlled Principles of Network figure of one-touch centralized control safety hammer parallel connection of the utility model.
Fig. 4 is that the Safety hood of the utility model is destroyed the alarm control circuit schematic diagram by mistake.
Among Fig. 1-Fig. 4: 1 housing; 2 tups; 3 bearing pins; 4 self-lockings divide power apparatus; 5 alarm switches; 6 compression springs; 7 draw rings; 8 Safety hoods; 9 electromagnet; 10 fire switchs; 11 buzzer phones; 12 power supplys; 13 fixed supports; 14 side window frames; 15 case hardened glasss.
The specific embodiment
Be described in detail the specific embodiment of the utility model below in conjunction with technical scheme and accompanying drawing.
Embodiment one
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of first kind of embodiment of the utility model.Housing 1 is the casing that divides the firm banking of mounting bracket and the electromagnet 9 of power apparatus 4 to be integrated in one circular directed cavity, self-locking, is fixed on the car body side window frame 14 with fixed support 13, and fixed support 13 is the L shape; Tup 2 adopts the taper tup, and the baseplane contacts with compression spring 6, is loaded in the circular directed cavity of housing 1; It is L shape levers that self-locking divides power apparatus 4, is installed on through bearing pin 3 on the mounting bracket of housing 1, and the galianconism end contacts with tup 2 conical surfaces, and long arm end contacts with electromagnet 9 iron cores; Draw ring 7 is installed in self-locking and divides power apparatus 4 lower ends, divides power apparatus 4 long arm ends to be connected with self-locking; Electromagnet 9 is fixed on the firm banking of housing 1 bottom; Safety hood 8 is installed in housing 1 right side; Alarm switch 5 is spring contact strips, contacts with Safety hood 8 inside faces.
Fig. 3 is the automatically controlled Principles of Network figure of one-touch centralized control safety hammer parallel connection of the utility model, and N safety hammer formed the parallel running network, is connected with power supply 12 with fire switch 10.Under the automatically controlled mode work, after the driver opened fire switch 10, electromagnet 9 iron cores promoted self-locking and divide power apparatus 4 to rotate around bearing pin 3; Divide power apparatus 4 galianconism ends to separate up to self-locking with tup 2 conical surfaces; Compression spring 6 elastic force discharge, and tup 2 is ejected along circular directed cavity energetically, hit side window case hardened glass 15; Make case hardened glass fully broken and come off, make things convenient for the passenger to escape.The manual work mode does, can't open under the situation that fire switch 10 or parallelly connected automatically controlled network break down the driver, but passenger's active failure Safety hood 8; Manually spur draw ring 7, self-locking divides power apparatus 4 to rotate around bearing pin 3, divides power apparatus 4 galianconism ends to separate with tup 2 conical surfaces up to self-locking; Compression spring 6 elastic force discharge, and tup 2 is ejected along circular directed cavity energetically, hit side window case hardened glass 15; Make case hardened glass fully broken and come off, make things convenient for the passenger to escape.
Fig. 4 is that the Safety hood of the utility model is destroyed the alarm control circuit schematic diagram by mistake, and the alarm switch 5 of N safety hammer is formed parallel network, is connected with buzzer phone 11 with power supply 12.Under the situation that Safety hood 8 quilt mistakes are destroyed, alarm switch 5 closures that contact with its inside face, buzzer phone 11 is reported to the police, and reminds the driver.
Embodiment two
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of second kind of embodiment of the utility model.Housing 1 is the casing that divides the mounting bracket of power apparatus 4 to be integrated in one circular directed cavity, self-locking, is fixed on the car body side window frame 14 with fixed support 13, and fixed support 13 is the L shape; Tup 2 adopts the taper tup, and the baseplane contacts with compression spring 6, is loaded in the circular directed cavity of housing 1; It is L shape levers that self-locking divides power apparatus 4, is installed on through bearing pin 3 on the mounting bracket of housing 1, and the galianconism end contacts with tup 2 conical surfaces; Draw ring 7 is installed in self-locking and divides power apparatus 4 lower ends, divides power apparatus 4 long arm ends to be connected with self-locking; Safety hood 8 is installed in housing 1 right side; Alarm switch 5 is spring contact strips, contacts with Safety hood 8 inside faces.
Mode of operation is behind the destruction Safety hood 8, manually to spur draw ring 7; Self-locking divides power apparatus 4 to rotate around bearing pin 3, divides power apparatus 4 galianconism ends to separate with tup 2 conical surfaces up to self-locking, and compression spring 6 elastic force discharge; Tup 2 is ejected along circular directed cavity energetically; Hit side window case hardened glass 15, make case hardened glass fully broken and come off, make things convenient for the passenger to escape.
Fig. 4 is that the Safety hood of the utility model is destroyed the alarm control circuit schematic diagram by mistake, and the alarm switch 5 of N safety hammer is formed parallel network, is connected with buzzer phone 11 with power supply 12.Under the situation that Safety hood 8 quilt mistakes are destroyed, alarm switch 5 closures that contact with its inside face, buzzer phone 11 is reported to the police, and reminds the driver.

Claims (4)

1. automobile-used automatically controlled/dual-use manual safety hammer based on self-locking and lever principle; Divide power apparatus (4), alarm switch (5), compression spring (6), draw ring (7), Safety hood (8), electromagnet (9), fire switch (10), buzzer phone (11), power supply (12), fixed support (13) to form by housing (1), tup (2), bearing pin (3), self-locking; It is characterized in that; Housing (1) is the casing that divides the firm banking of mounting bracket and the electromagnet (9) of power apparatus (4) to be integrated in one circular directed cavity, self-locking; Be fixed on the car body side window pillar with fixed support (13), fixed support (13) is the L shape; Tup (2) adopts the taper tup, and the baseplane contacts with compression spring (6), is loaded in the circular directed cavity of housing (1); It is a L shape lever that self-locking divides power apparatus (4), is installed on the mounting bracket of housing (1) through bearing pin (3), and the galianconism end contacts with tup (2) conical surface, and long arm end contacts with electromagnet (9) iron core; Draw ring (7) is installed in self-locking and divides power apparatus (4) lower end, divides power apparatus (4) long arm end to be connected with self-locking; Electromagnet (9) is fixed on the firm banking of housing (1) bottom; Safety hood (8) is installed in housing (1) right side; Alarm switch (5) is a spring contact strip, contacts with Safety hood (8) inside face.
2. a kind of automobile-used automatically controlled/dual-use manual safety hammer based on self-locking and lever principle according to claim 1 is characterized in that, can make up the automatically controlled network of one-touch centralized control safety hammer parallel connection; After opening fire switch (10); Electromagnet (9) iron core promotes self-locking and divides power apparatus (4) to rotate around bearing pin (3), divides power apparatus (4) galianconism end to separate with tup (2) conical surface up to self-locking, and compression spring (6) elastic force discharges; Tup (2) ejects along circular directed cavity, shattered glass.
3. a kind of automobile-used automatically controlled/dual-use manual safety hammer according to claim 1 based on self-locking and lever principle; It is characterized in that when manually spurring draw ring (7), self-locking divides power apparatus (4) to rotate around bearing pin (3); Divide power apparatus (4) galianconism end to separate up to self-locking with tup (2) conical surface; Compression spring (6) elastic force discharges, and tup (2) ejects along circular directed cavity, shattered glass.
4. a kind of automobile-used automatically controlled/dual-use manual safety hammer based on self-locking and lever principle according to claim 1 is characterized in that, after Safety hood (8) is destroyed, and alarm switch (5) closure, buzzer phone (11) is reported to the police.
CN2012201427937U 2012-04-06 2012-04-06 Automotive electronic-control and manual emergency hammer based on self-locking and lever principles Expired - Fee Related CN202491776U (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012201427937U CN202491776U (en) 2012-04-06 2012-04-06 Automotive electronic-control and manual emergency hammer based on self-locking and lever principles

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2012201427937U CN202491776U (en) 2012-04-06 2012-04-06 Automotive electronic-control and manual emergency hammer based on self-locking and lever principles

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102642511A (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-08-22 李康 Self-locking and lever principle-based vehicle electrical control/manual double-purpose safety hammer
CN102923089A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-13 无锡市宏宇汽车配件制造有限公司 Safe and reliable window glass breaking device for escaping from traffic vehicles
CN103750700A (en) * 2014-01-09 2014-04-30 南通纺织职业技术学院 Multifunctional on-board water cup

Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102642511A (en) * 2012-04-06 2012-08-22 李康 Self-locking and lever principle-based vehicle electrical control/manual double-purpose safety hammer
CN102923089A (en) * 2012-11-19 2013-02-13 无锡市宏宇汽车配件制造有限公司 Safe and reliable window glass breaking device for escaping from traffic vehicles
CN103750700A (en) * 2014-01-09 2014-04-30 南通纺织职业技术学院 Multifunctional on-board water cup
CN103750700B (en) * 2014-01-09 2015-05-27 南通纺织职业技术学院 Multifunctional on-board water cup

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C14 Grant of patent or utility model
CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20121017

Termination date: 20140406

C17 Cessation of patent right