CN101929285B - Vehicle window and vehicle door quick-opening safe escape device - Google Patents

Vehicle window and vehicle door quick-opening safe escape device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN101929285B
CN101929285B CN 200910059727 CN200910059727A CN101929285B CN 101929285 B CN101929285 B CN 101929285B CN 200910059727 CN200910059727 CN 200910059727 CN 200910059727 A CN200910059727 A CN 200910059727A CN 101929285 B CN101929285 B CN 101929285B
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vehicle
car
window
latch
opening
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN 200910059727
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CN101929285A (en
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陈友余
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陈友余
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Abstract

The invention relates to a vehicle window and vehicle door quick-opening safe escape device. Glass windows and doors of a vehicle can be assembled and disassembled, and passengers can safely escape by quickly opening vehicle windows and vehicle doors in several seconds in case of fire and traffic accidents. The vehicle window and vehicle door quick-opening safe escape devices are arranged on the edges of glass windows and doors and fixing frames of the windows and the doors in the vehicle, and the glass windows and the doors can be quickly separated by pulling down handles of the devices instantaneously. The vehicle window and vehicle door quick-opening safe escape device has an elastic self-lock function and dynamics in order to prevent the device from retreating from a locking mechanism for the vibration of the vehicle in a long running period and preventing the windows and the doors from being opened by children or in an artificial mode, a small switch is attached onto each rotating handle, an audible-visual annunciator is arranged above each vehicle window or each vehicle door and can transmit a warning signal by only opening one handle in order to notify a driver and passengers to process correspondingly, and the safety is high. The vehicle window and vehicle door quick-opening safe escape device is artificially and directly operated completely to reduce the accident harm to the minimum, protects the life security of all the passengers, has simple structure and low cost, can be widely used for all automobiles, trains and subway carriages and retains the sealing property of inner air conditioners and the appearance of the vehicle.

Description

Vehicle window, vehicle door quick-opening safe escape device
Affiliated technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of vehicle window, car door safety device, relate in particular to a kind of vehicle window, vehicle door quick-opening safe escape device.
This vehicle window, vehicle door quick-opening safe escape device can be used for general-utility car, city bus, train etc.
Technical background
Development along with city bus, each city changed bus into totally-enclosed air-conditioned bus one after another in recent years, although improved the comfortableness that the passenger takes, but this Totally-enclosed-type bus is because atmosphere draught-free becomes typically " boxcar ", more seriously do not consider its safety, in case in breaking out of fire, traffic accident, car, passenger's escape is very difficult, Chengdu bus burning on June 5th, 2009 case is exactly an example.Equally, all there are Similar Problems in the bullet train of railway, air-conditioned train, in case when other can't open the car door distortion as accidents such as taxi, car, minibuses, unique passway for escaping only had vehicle window.Although these vehicles have also considered outfit Xiao Hammer and can break window glass into pieces, the kinetic energy of Xiao Hammer is too little after all, breaks the glass time into pieces longer, and the cleaning glass dregs will be lost time, and its effect of actual proof is little.Thereby vehicle window is opened fast, safety exit becomes general and eager problem.
Develop a kind of simple, convenient, quick, reliable vehicle window, the door quick-opening safe escape device is extremely urgent, but this device must address the problem:
1, fully manually open vehicle window, car door, can not be with the automation equipment such as electric, pneumatic, because these devices are at fire, may can't use when traffic accident occurs.All automation equipments all belong to the indirect operation mode, and the manual mode of operation is the direct control mode, and its reliability is the highest.In car, the passenger is near each window, and they will inevitably bring into play superpower self-aid ability for stringency when critical their life security, the escape of windowing; Secondly, adopting electric automation equipment such as grade is that all passengers' safety is maintained on driver one people, in case car accident occurs, the driver is injures and deaths, shock at first, and the passenger of car load only awaits one's doom; The switch opens window is set outside, door also may a difficulty be seen its effect because on speedway or night, where so easily find " Lei Feng ", " hero " just just waiting the roadside of having an accident? until when they came, the compartment had been to have reduced to flying ashes and smouldering smoke! So wisdom, courage and the courage that must rely on all passengers and driver to bring into play themselves be opened vehicle window, car door as early as possible, help each other, rapidly escape!
2, window-opening mechanism must be simple to operate---and its reliability simple to operate is higher, and the safety exit chance is larger.In car the passenger is from all corners of the country, only can the let sth. slip by best good opportunity of escape of the training of can not getting on the bus at any time, complicated operation.
3, each fan window must be opened within the several seconds.
4, simple in structure, cost is low, is convenient to spread.
Summary of the invention
A kind of vehicle window, vehicle door quick-opening safe escape device, the glass window of car, Men Junke fill, tear open, in case when breaking out of fire, traffic accident, the passenger can open vehicle window, car door safety exit fast within the several seconds, device is arranged on the fixed frame of glass window in car, door edge and window, moment the handle of down-pull device glass window, door are hightailed; This device has elasticity auto-lock function and dynamics, and when preventing from moving for a long time, the vibrations of car make device withdraw from retaining mechanism, prevents that child or people are for opening window; With a P cock, audible-visual annunciator is installed above door and window on each rotary handle, as long as any handle is opened and namely sent alarm signal, notifies driver and passenger to note and handle accordingly, safety is very high; The fully artificial direct control of this device makes accident harm reduce to minimum, protection all passengers life security; Simple in structure, cost is low, can be widely used in all automobiles, train etc., and keeps the seal of air-conditioning in car and the outward appearance of car.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
1, according to reliability principle, how much relevant the reliability of an event (or circuit) is with complex process or component, and be inverse relation---and process is more, and element is more, and its reliability is lower.Therefore this programme adopts artificial direct mode, and does not advocate electronics, electromechanical automatic control mode, namely requires design a kind of simple, reliably, the fastest device of service speed, its principle is as electrical knife switch, and manually moment operates a switch, and the time was controlled at approximately in 1 second!
This device need not hammer and clashes into, and the damage of control circuit or malfunctioning when also having avoided getting into an accident only has an action of operating a switch, and any adult need not training namely can be intact, complete operation process accurately.Device can be used on car door, vehicle window, and can be used for any automobile, particularly air-conditioned bus and railroad train and subway train; Condition is: glass window, door can be dismantled.
2, according to the actual observation analysis of bus, this device can be arranged on the column and glass frame of glass window, and it is proper that four jiaos of each secondary window are respectively installed a device; Because the motor-vehicle glass window spacing is very close, therefore two adjacent devices can merge and are installed together, and are made into a windowing facility, can be with two corners of opening simultaneously adjacent two secondary glass windows during the male contact handle of disposable tension device, raise the efficiency one times, save time half.
3, glass window, door are tipped in car from the outside of car, safety device locking glass window, door in car; The surrounding of glass window, door has sealing ring to surround sealing, makes the inside and outside isolation of car, to be unlikely to affect the effect of air-conditioning; Glass window, door will keep certain interval with the car body place of tipping in, and as the gap of expanding with heat and contract with cold, the lock that prevents safety device can be opened, and glass window, can't open after killing, and this point must be noted that.See glass window from the outside of car, when knocker advances car body, just than having increased by a ring gap line between existing window, door and car body, do not affect the overall appearance of car at all.
4, by each safety device, the contents such as simple, eye-catching safety operation diagram, rotatable handle direction must be arranged.
5, in order to guarantee the application life of safety door open device, prevent that the vibrations when vehicle moves for a long time from withdraw from the lock bolt of device, even break away from retaining mechanism, the open without reason vehicle window is equipped with on device and is subjected to spring controlled pressure ball, firmly pins with locating notch on handle, make it have the elasticity auto-lock function, pressure is subjected to spring given, can prevent also that simultaneously child or other people accident from opeing the window, and its safety is very high; On the other hand, this handle device is arranged on the four direction up and down of glass window, even there is child curious, perhaps the dysnoesia patient opens, and due to watching attentively of numerous passengers being arranged, can not all open all handle mechanisms this winnowing machine window is opened; The 3rd, be attached with a P cock on each rotary handle, an audible-visual annunciator is installed above vehicle window, as long as any male contact handle is opened and namely sent alarm signal, notify the passenger to note, guarantee that it can not open by mistake action; Only have when fire or accident occur, alarm signal is effective, and points out full car passenger and driver to carry out parking, open the door, and windows, escapes, the behavior such as rescue.
Useful effect of the present invention is:
1, fully manually open vehicle window, car door, can not be with the automation equipment such as electric, pneumatic, because these devices are at fire, may can't use when traffic accident occurs.All automation equipments all belong to the indirect operation mode, and the manual mode of operation is the direct control mode, and its reliability is the highest.In car, the passenger is near each window, and they will inevitably bring into play superpower emergency capability when critical their life security, the escape of windowing; Secondly, adopting electric automation equipment such as grade is that all passengers' safety is maintained on driver one people, in case car accident occurs, the driver is injures and deaths, shock at first, and the passenger of car load only awaits one's doom; The switch opens window is set outside, door also may a difficulty be seen its effect because on speedway or night, where so easily find " Lei Feng ", " hero " just just waiting the roadside of having an accident? until when they came, the compartment had been to have reduced to flying ashes and smouldering smoke! So only reliable all passengers and driver wisdom, courage and the courage of bringing into play themselves is opened vehicle window, car door as early as possible, helps each other, rapidly escape!
2, owing to adopting the simplest handle mode of operating a switch to open the window, simple to operate, any normal adult-passenger can rely on the simple operations cue mark that posts in car, and need not training on operation and just can open the window, thereby the having a good chance of safety exit.In car the passenger is from all corners of the country, only can the let sth. slip by best good opportunity of escape of the training of can not getting on the bus at any time, complicated operation.
3, be one 90 of downward pulling handle degree or above angle owing to opening vehicle window, any adult men and women passenger can be within the extremely short time (approximately 1,2 seconds) open a handle.Under numerous passengers make a concerted effort, can guarantee that the vehicle window of full car is all opened within very short time.
4, in order to guarantee the application life of safety door open device, prevent that the vibrations when vehicle moves for a long time from withdraw from the lock bolt of device, even break away from retaining mechanism, the open without reason vehicle window is equipped with on device and is subjected to spring controlled pressure roller, blocks with the locating notch of handle rotary part, make it have the elasticity auto-lock function, pressure is subjected to spring given, can prevent also that simultaneously child or other people accident from opeing the window, and its safety is very high; On the other hand, this handle device is arranged on the four direction up and down of glass window, even there is child curious, perhaps the dysnoesia patient opens, and due to watching attentively of numerous passengers being arranged, can not all open all handle mechanisms this winnowing machine window is opened; The 3rd, be attached with a P cock on each rotary handle, a sound, light crossing-signal are installed above vehicle window, as long as any rotary handle is opened and namely sent alarm signal, notify the passenger to note, guarantee that it can not open by mistake action; Only have when fire or accident occur, alarm signal is effective, and points out full car passenger and driver to carry out parking, open the door, and windows, escapes, the behavior such as rescue.
5, each winnowing machine window is all installed such device for opening, particularly headstock, the tailstock two maximum more necessary installation device for openings of glass window of fan, more is conducive to full car passenger escape.
6, the instrument bezel of car door, window changes existing fixedly for detachable, and vehicle window is tipped installation in the export-oriented car of car, the edge, surrounding of glass window, perhaps in the compartment the surrounding post a circle sealing ring and make inside and outside isolation, the seal when guaranteeing air-conditioning.From the appearance of whole car, glass window is installed onboard just than existing vehicle window edge has increased very thin together " astragal ", can not affect the outward appearance of car load at all.If the compartment interlayer is thicker, glass window can directly fall and enters interlayer inside.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is safety hit opening apparatus of the present invention installation side view on vehicle window.Wherein, 1---handle, 2---arm, 3---latch, 4---slot, 5---connecting shaft, 6---the glass window frame, 7---glass, 8---crust of the device, 9---bolt, 15---weather strip, 16---approach switch, 20---column.
Fig. 2 is that the safety device for opening is installed elevation on vehicle window.Wherein, 1---handle, 2---arm, 3---latch, 4---slot, 5---connecting shaft, 6---the glass window frame, 7---glass, 8---crust of the device, 9---bolt, 10---the band cutaway disk, 11---the connecting shaft seat, 12---the shelves pin, 13---spring, 14---the spring pedestal, 16---approach switch, 17---audible-visual annunciator, 18---spring washer, 19---set bolt, 20---column, 22---safety label.
Fig. 3 is that the safety device for opening is installed top view on vehicle window.Wherein, 1---handle, 2---arm, 3---latch, 4---slot, 6---the glass window frame, 7---glass, 15---weather strip, 20---column.
Fig. 4 is that the safety device for opening is installed elevation on car door.Wherein, 1---handle, 2---arm, 4---slot, 7---glass, 8---crust of the device, 20---column.
Fig. 5 is spring pressure retaining mechanism work schematic diagram.Wherein, 10---the band cutaway disk, 12---the shelves pin, 13---spring, 21---breach.
The specific embodiment:
In Fig. 1, after edge, the surrounding of glass (7) is surrounded by weather strip (15), be fixed in glass window frame (6), make them become a glass window integral body; Handle (1) with arm (2) is connected as one, latch (3) is the fore-end of arm (2), effect is the slot (4) that inserts on glass window frame (6), tightly fixes monolithic glass; Crust of the device (8) is fixed on column (20) by bolt (9); Connecting shaft (5) penetrates in arm (2) hole and is fixed; Glass window frame (6) is detained into the car outside car, and this moment, full wind-up (2) inserted in slot (4) latch (3) that is connected as a single entity with it from bottom to top, and glass window frame (6) is reinforced on car window upright post; Otherwise, if be rotated down arm (2), make latch (3) be separated from slot (4), just can rapidly glass window frame (6) be come from column (20) disengaging of car.
Fig. 2 is the elevations that two adjacent glass windows are installed, the corner that it can utilize the device for opening of a combination to open simultaneously two fan adjacent window; Set bolt (19) and spring washer (18) with handle (1) with arm (2) is connected as one, crust of the device (8) is fixed on column (20) by bolt (9); Band cutaway disk (10), connecting shaft seat (11) inject on connecting shaft (5) together, and 2 arms (2) pack into respectively on two of the left and right port of connecting shaft (5), and connecting shaft seat (11) is fixed on the bottom of crust of the device (8); Shelves pins (12) are connected as a single entity with spring (13), spring pedestal (14), shelves pins (12) are near band cutaway disk (10), under the pressure-acting of spring, when shelves pins (12) enter the breach of band cutaway disk (10), can firmly fix connecting shaft (5) and arm (2), even vehicle operating, jolting not to make latch (3) throw off slot (4) yet, select the dynamics of spring, can prevent that child from pulling open arm (2) without reason, causes falling of glass window.
Audible-visual annunciator (17) is arranged on column (20) top, approach switch (16) is arranged on column (20) side and keeps certain interval with latch (3), whether latch (3) when rotation approach switch (16) detects latch (3) and inserts or throw off in slot (4), when latch (3) is thrown off slot (4), namely send signal audible-visual annunciator (17) is reported to the police;
Approach switch (16) should not adopt contact switch or photoelectricity (containing infrared) switch, and should adopt contactless inductive formula approach switch; Contact switch may trigger the inflammable gas blasts such as the gasoline that may exist in car, natural gas, methane, and optoelectronic switch may stop malfunctioningly because of dust, and safety label (22) is in the full position of column (20) top.
In Fig. 3, weather strip (15) wraps the surrounding of glass (7), then be fixed in glass window frame (6), latch on the safety hit opening apparatus (3) inserts the slot (4) on glass window frame (6), monolithic glass framework (6) is fixed on column (20), handle (1) with arm (2) is connected as one.
Fig. 4, slot (4) is arranged on the edge of glass window frame (6), crust of the device (8) is fixed on column (20), each car door is upper and lower respectively has one to overlap safety device, when breaking out of fire, traffic accident and car door can't normally have been opened, in time pull open upper and lower two handles (1) and just can open fast glass window escape on car door.
In Fig. 5, on band cutaway disk (10), at least 2 breach (21) are arranged, band cutaway disk (10) is clockwise or when being rotated counterclockwise, the pressure that shelves pins (12) all can be subject to spring is located band cutaway disk (10), and spring (13) pressure direction is the center of circle of subtend band cutaway disk (10) all the time.

Claims (2)

1. vehicle window quick-opening safe escape device, its vehicle window can disassemble from car body, weather strip (15) wraps the surrounding of glass (7), then be fixed on and become integral body of glass window in glass window frame (6), glass window frame (6) is detained into the car outside car, bolt (9) is fixed on crust of the device (8) on column (20), and connecting shaft (5) penetrates in arm (2) hole and arm (2) is arranged on crust of the device (8); Set bolt (19) and spring washer (18) connect as one handle (1) and arm (2); Latch (3) is the fore-end of arm (2), and effect is that the slot (4) that inserts on glass window frame (6) tightly catches on monolithic glass; If this moment, full wind-up (2) inserted in slot (4) latch (3) from bottom to top, whole glass window frame (6) is fixed on the interior column (20) of car; otherwise, if full wind-up (2) from top to bottom, make latch (3) be separated from slot (4), thereby rapidly glass window frame (6) is come from column (20) disengaging of car, it is characterized in that: adjacent two vehicle window quick-opening safe escape devices merging is installed together, form the device for opening of combination, by band cutaway disk (10), connecting shaft seat (11) injects on connecting shaft (5) together, 2 arms (2) pack into respectively on two of the left and right port of connecting shaft (5), connecting shaft seat (11) is fixed on the bottom of crust of the device (8), shelves pins (12) are connected as a single entity with spring (13), spring pedestal (14), shelves pins (12) are near band cutaway disk (10), under the pressure-acting of spring, when shelves pins (12) enter the breach of band cutaway disk (10), can firmly fix connecting shaft (5) and arm (2), even vehicle operating, jolting not to make latch (3) throw off slot (4) yet, can open simultaneously two corners of two fan adjacent window.
2. vehicle window quick-opening safe escape device according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: audible-visual annunciator (17) is arranged on column (20) top, approach switch (16) is arranged on column (20) side, and near latch (3), whether latch (3) when rotation approach switch (16) detects latch (3) and inserts or throw off in slot (4), when latch (3) is thrown off slot (4), namely send signal audible-visual annunciator (17) is reported to the police; Approach switch (16) should not adopt contact switch or optoelectronic switch, and should adopt contactless inductive formula approach switch; Safety label (22) is installed on the top full position of column (20).
CN 200910059727 2009-06-23 2009-06-23 Vehicle window and vehicle door quick-opening safe escape device Expired - Fee Related CN101929285B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200910059727 CN101929285B (en) 2009-06-23 2009-06-23 Vehicle window and vehicle door quick-opening safe escape device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN 200910059727 CN101929285B (en) 2009-06-23 2009-06-23 Vehicle window and vehicle door quick-opening safe escape device

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CN101929285A CN101929285A (en) 2010-12-29
CN101929285B true CN101929285B (en) 2013-06-12

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Families Citing this family (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102555735A (en) * 2012-01-17 2012-07-11 天津理工大学 Emergency escape starting system for bus window
CN104417324A (en) * 2013-09-04 2015-03-18 厦门锐思达机电科技有限公司 Handle-and-electric controlled car window to escape capable of unfolding and fixing at any angle
CN105239864A (en) * 2015-06-30 2016-01-13 齐新宇 Safe window of bus
CN106740638A (en) * 2016-12-05 2017-05-31 蓝莹 One kind quickly unloads window device

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US6167656B1 (en) * 1999-03-09 2001-01-02 Fortress Security Windows Inc. Security window assembly
CN2642958Y (en) * 2003-09-22 2004-09-22 张志亮 Transom window opening and closing device
CN201125647Y (en) * 2007-11-19 2008-10-01 汪冉乐 Escape window
CN201249985Y (en) * 2008-07-17 2009-06-03 扬州市金威机械有限公司 Rear door opening and closing device of dustbin

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JP2007247252A (en) * 2006-03-16 2007-09-27 Nippon Door Check Mfg Corp Detaching device for door coping with emergency, and vestibule door using the same

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US6167656B1 (en) * 1999-03-09 2001-01-02 Fortress Security Windows Inc. Security window assembly
CN2642958Y (en) * 2003-09-22 2004-09-22 张志亮 Transom window opening and closing device
CN201125647Y (en) * 2007-11-19 2008-10-01 汪冉乐 Escape window
CN201249985Y (en) * 2008-07-17 2009-06-03 扬州市金威机械有限公司 Rear door opening and closing device of dustbin

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Application publication date: 20101229

Assignee: Sichuan silver fire products Sales Co., Ltd.

Assignor: Chen Youyu

Contract record no.: 2009510000175

Denomination of invention: Vehicle window and vehicle door quick-opening safe escape device

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Record date: 20091201

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