CN106070026A - A kind of cultural method of beef cattle - Google Patents

A kind of cultural method of beef cattle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106070026A
CN106070026A CN201610456096.1A CN201610456096A CN106070026A CN 106070026 A CN106070026 A CN 106070026A CN 201610456096 A CN201610456096 A CN 201610456096A CN 106070026 A CN106070026 A CN 106070026A
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China
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cattle
beef cattle
roughage
concentrated feed
beef
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姜豪
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Guizhou Province Fenggang County Wanwu Agricultural Technology Development Co Ltd
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Guizhou Province Fenggang County Wanwu Agricultural Technology Development Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses the cultural method of a kind of beef cattle, raise including dividing monthly age section to carry out essence, roughage nutrition regulation and fence rotation by the trophophase of beef cattle, it is that 1 group of cattle raised by the hock pen that each two is adjacent that fence rotation is raised, often 5 cattle of group, during one dry-lot feeding cattle, another fence sky hurdle, according to the humidity condition of fence ground bedding and padding fence of rotation in every 7.5 days, raises omnidistance so circulation until completing beef ox fattening and finally delivering for sale.The present invention is by nutrition regulation and the Meat Performance improving the method raising high-grade beef cattle such as animal welfare.

Description

A kind of cultural method of beef cattle
Technical field
The present invention relates to the cultural method of a kind of beef cattle.
Background technology
It is known that top grade beef originates from high-grade beef cattle.Top grade beef refers to do luxury food, such as beefsteak, roasting cattle The high quality beef of meat etc..Top grade beef requires Fresh & Tender in Texture, deposits lipogenesis marbling beef between muscle fiber, and yellowish pink is just Often, fat color is pure white, done food requirement mouthfeel non-greasy, moist, fresh and tender good to eat.Producing top grade beef is a difficulty Bigger new and high technology, it indicates the cowboying level of a country.
At present, top grade beef normally only supplies high-grade star hotel, restaurant or outlet, and price is high, and its Chinese and Western is cold and eye The high-quality cube meat prices at home such as meat are up to every kilogram of 1800-2000 unit, and other cube meat price is also in 100-800 unit. Supply falls short of demand for China's top grade beef, and the production being because China's high-grade beef cattle is in the starting stage, it can be seen that high-grade in China Beef cattle feeding has the highest economic benefit and vast potential for future development.
Compared with producing common beef, the condition producing top grade beef requirement is the strictest, at Niu Yuan (kind), raises pipe Managing and butcher the aspects such as process mating facility and have strict requirements, current high-grade beef cattle breeding enterprise is at Niu Yuan (kind) and slaughters Kill process mating facility aspect and be attained by requirement, but be typically difficult to reach corresponding requirement in terms of feeding and management.
At present, in terms of feeding concentrated feed, conventional high-grade beef cattle method for breeding is fattening middle and late stage employing concentrated feed limit The method that amount is searched for food, it is impossible to fully ensure that the nutritional need of lipidosis between beef cattle muscle growth and muscle fiber;Slightly raise feeding Material aspect, is based on dry straws such as Caulis et Folium Oryzaes, and is generally all its nutrition of dry straw such as requirement roughage free choice feeding, Caulis et Folium Oryzae Be worth low, palatability is poor, beef cattle feed intake is low, be unfavorable for ruminating and ruminal digestion (rumen zymosis).Conventional high-grade beef cattle is raised Although breeding method is also adopted by hock pen fattening technology, but owing to Niu Yizhi raises in a fence, necessarily cause fence ground The constantly accumulation that face excrement is dirty, so that hock pen ground is muddy unbearably, not can guarantee that the comfortable of beef cattle, and then greatly reduces Beef cattle lies prone the bed rest time, is unfavorable for growth and fattens, even if take timely to keep the dry soft of fence ground Clear excrement and the measure of replacing bedding and padding, then can destroy quiet environment thus cause cattle stress;Situation obviously can not meet animal Welfare, stress from beef cattle.This is currently to cause the main cause that high-grade beef cattle Meat Performance is low, culture benefit is poor.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of high-grade beef cattle cultural method, by nutrition regulation with improve the sides such as animal welfare Method improves the Meat Performance of high-grade beef cattle.
A kind of cultural method of beef cattle, including by the trophophase of beef cattle divide monthly age section carry out essence, roughage nutrition regulation and Fence rotation is raised, and it is that the hock pen that each two is adjacent raises 1 group of cattle, often 5 cattle of group, a dry-lot feeding that fence rotation is raised Niu Shi, another fence sky hurdle, according to the humidity condition of fence ground bedding and padding fence of rotation in every 7.5 days, raise whole process such as This circulation is until completing beef ox fattening and finally delivering for sale.
The present invention is compared with the most conventional high-grade beef cattle method for breeding, and its advantage shows following aspect: improve dynamic Thing welfare, improves the Meat Performance of high-grade beef cattle: hock pen rotation is raised, and maintains the soft dry with relative of fence ground Dry, improve the comfort level of beef cattle, extend beef cattle and lie prone the bed rest time, maintain quiet environment, improve animal welfare, Significantly improve the Meat Performance of high-grade beef cattle.
Further, divide monthly age section to carry out essence by the trophophase of beef cattle, roughage nutrition regulation is to divide by the monthly age of beef cattle For four-stage, and concentrated feed feeds with dry mash form;
(1) transition and the stage at monthly age laundering period 7-8: select the hybridization bull of about 6 monthly age body weight 200-250 kilogram wean, in mistake Crossing and quarantine isolation within the laundering period, healthy person of selecting and remain carries out anthelmintic, stomach invigorating and immunity accordingly, then carries out castration of performing the operation And post-operative recovery work;Roughage free choice feeding during this period;Concentrated feed is that limitation is searched for food, and feeds 2.7 kilograms every day every;This phase Being 2 months, the purpose of this phase is ready for fattening;
(2) fatten the stage at early stage 9-14 monthly age: roughage free choice feeding;Concentrated feed is that limitation is searched for food, and every day every, scale of feeding increased It is added to the 1.16% of body weight;This phase is 6 months, its objective is to ensure skeleton and the growth of cud by nutrition regulation;
(3) fatten the 15-22 stage at monthly age in mid-term: roughage early, evening feed at regular time and quantity for twice, each every to feed amount be 4.3 thousand Gram;Essence after the thickest, roughage feeds concentrated feed after searching for food totally again, and concentrated feed is free choice feeding;This phase is 8 months, this phase Task is to promote muscle growth and adipose tissue development by nutrition regulation;
(4) fattening the stage at monthly age later stage 23-28: according to fattening the concentrated feed free choice feeding in later stage, other feeds in fattening with (3) Phase;This phase is 6 months, and the task of this phase is to promote the deposition of fat between muscle fiber by nutrition regulation, forms marbling Beef.
Fully meet high-grade beef cattle growth and the nutritional need of lipidosis: fatten early stage and use concentrated feed quantitatively, slightly The method of feedstuff free choice feeding promotes skeleton and the growth promoter of digestive organs particularly cud, and beneficially beef cattle is formed greatly Skeleton and huge feed intake and powerful digestion power, muscle growth and fat flesh for fattening high-grade beef cattle middle and late stage are fine Fat deposition between dimension is laid a good foundation, and fattens the method that the intermediary and later stages take concentrated feed free choice feeding, fully meets the battalion of beef cattle Support and need, both played the weightening finish potentiality fattening mid-term, achieve again the fat fattening between later stage muscle fiber the most heavy Long-pending, promote muscle growth and the lipidosis of high-grade beef cattle, it is achieved that grow and the synchronization fattened is carried out.
Further, roughage is respectively accounted for 50% mixing by corn stover silage and fresh beer vinasse and forms, and fattens middle and late stage for limitation Search for food;The roughage mixed by fresh beer vinasse and corn stover silage, its quality and palatability are better than the dry straws such as Caulis et Folium Oryzae, educate Fertile intermediary and later stages restricted scale of rationing, the rate of eating up is 100%, not only ensure that the normal stool (rumen zymosis) of cud, and draft beer Grain has the effect improving Meat Flavor, also ensure that beef cattle free choice feeding concentrated feed to greatest extent.Further, since after the thickest Essence, roughage is searched for food after terminating and is added concentrated feed again, this guarantees roughage and do not contact with concentrated feed, it is ensured that concentrated feed begins Keep dry powder eventually, also ensure that the concentrated feed in feed trough does not haves and become sour.
Further, transition forms with the concentrated feed of laundering period and mass fraction ratio is: the Semen Maydis 55 parts of southern plantation, Semen Maydis Germ cake 25 parts, 10 parts of wheat bran, cottonseed cake 6.5 parts, bean cake 9 parts, calcium hydrogen phosphate 1.6 parts, Sal 0.7 part, trace element premix Expect 0.65 part, 0.26 part of vitamin ad3 powder.
Effect is: the health-care good product during 1, Semen Maydis is coarse grain, the most favourable to the health of beef cattle: the vitamin in Semen Maydis The composition such as B6, nicotinic acid, has the characteristic that stimulating gastrointestinal is wriggled, accelerated feces excretion, can prevent treating constipation, gastropathy, enteritis, intestinal cancer Deng.2, Semen Maydis is rich in vitamin C, dextrinosan etc., has longevity, beautification function.Nutrient substance contained by corn germ point has Strengthen beef cattle metabolism, adjust nervous function.
Further, this concentrated feed needs through following PROCESS FOR TREATMENT:
(1) it is crushed to 65-70 mesh fineness, by three kinds after Semen Maydis, maize germ cake and the cottonseed cake oven drying at low temperature planted in south Powder mix homogeneously, obtains primary concentrated feed;
(2) primary concentrated feed is spread at shady and cool ventilation 10-12 hour, dry after bean cake is cleaned, mix with primary concentrated feed Close uniformly, obtain two grades of concentrated feeds;
(3) two grades of concentrated feeds, calcium hydrogen phosphate and wheat bran being sent in pot, pour a small amount of white vinegar into, little fire stir-fries to going out perfume (or spice), cooling Rear pulverizing, crosses 80-90 mesh sieve, obtains three grades of concentrated feeds;
(4) vitamin ad3 powder, microelement pre-mix material being pulverized, add 3-4 times of clear water, after mix homogeneously, filter, filtrate is sprayed Mist, in three grades of concentrated feeds, obtains final finished product concentrated feed.
Concentrated feed is through being processed as discharging nutritional labeling therein so that it is be easier to be absorbed by beef cattle, simultaneously These nutritional labelings can promote the metabolism of beef cattle, and useful beef cattle is healthy, also has the metabolic function strengthening liver, and has Lax neural, help digest and improve effect of immunity.
Detailed description of the invention
Below by detailed description of the invention, the present invention is further detailed explanation:
Embodiment 1:
First getting out two fences being made up of horizontal bar and rail post, fence is square, and area is 36 square metres, fence ground Ground floor spreads the wood flour of 2 cm thicks, the dry ground of second layer paving 3-4 cm thick.
Select 56 monthly ages, hybridization bull praised by the wean profit wood of body weight 250 kilograms, initially enters transition and laundering period, enters Row quarantine isolation, it was demonstrated that carry out anthelmintic, stomach invigorating and immunity accordingly for healthy person, then carry out the work such as castration of performing the operation, transition With 2 months laundering period, every, concentrated feed every day feed amount 2.7 kilograms, roughage is respectively accounted for 50% by corn stover silage and fresh beer vinasse and mixes It is combined into, free choice feeding;Entering the early stage of fattening scheduling to last about 6 months afterwards, every, concentrated feed hello amount every day progressivelyes reach body weight 1.16%, roughage composition and proportioning with transition and laundering period, be also free choice feeding;Followed by entering in about 8 months fatten Phase, every, the concentrated feed amount of feeding every day is gradually increased by the 1.16% of percentage of liveweight, transfers free choice feeding to through the time of about 10 days, Roughage composition and proportioning are with fattening early stage, and it is 8.6 kilograms that every every day feeds amount;Finally entering 6 months fatten the later stage, essence is raised Material be still free choice feeding, feeds roughage composition, proportioning and every every day and measures with to fatten mid-term identical.Fatten end monthly age average out to At 28 monthly ages, fattening end bull weight average is 905 kilograms.Whole process is freely to drink water.
Soft and the relatively dry both having maintained hock pen ground bedding and padding is raised in fence rotation, turn avoid beef cattle and is raising During because of cleaning feces with change the movable destruction to quiet environment such as bedding and padding so that cattle from terrified etc. stress.
The basic demand of high-grade beef cattle feeding and management is by the present invention: one is to ensure that the sufficient supply of nutrient substance;Two are Scientific and normal feeding method;Three is to improve animal welfare, i.e. hock pen is raised and ensures the comfortable of beef cattle and environment quiet.Its In, the sufficient supply of nutrient substance is the base substance condition of Beef Cattle Growth and lipidosis;Scientific and normal feeding method is Set up the rule of the feed of beef cattle feeding and ensure essence, the making full use of of roughage;And improve animal welfare i.e. beef cattle comfortable with Absorption of nutrient ingredients utilization rate, Beef Cattle Growth and lipidosis then can be produced and greatly facilitate effect by environment quiet.
The Meat Performance improving beef cattle needs the guarantee of nutrition, the skeleton of Different Month stage beef cattle, cud, muscle, fat Between the speed of growth of fat and muscle fiber, the speed of lipidosis is different, therefore Different Month stage beef cattle to fiber, energy, The requirement of albumen, macro-and trace-element and vitamin is also different, should take different nutrient concentrations and tune for this Control measure is to meet or to meet the needs of beef cattle to greatest extent, thus the high yield and high quality realizing beef cattle produces.Simultaneously, it is also contemplated that To the roughage impact on rumen zymosis, and the impact that the freshness of feedstuff, local flavor are on meat.It is also contemplated that fatten middle and late stage Roughage feeds at regular time and quantity and can make beef cattle that it is formed rule to search for food custom, to improve the beef cattle appetite etc. to roughage.
The present invention the most selected essence roughage prescription, but also by beef ox fattening middle and late stage (15-28 monthly age) roughage Regularly, quantitative feeding and first thick after essence start with, set up and form the custom of searching for food of rule, improve the beef cattle appetite to roughage, increasing The measures such as big concentrated feed feed intake are reached and are kept normal meat while fat fully deposition between beef cattle muscle growth and muscle fiber The color and luster that normal complexion fat is pure white.
Research also finds to improve animal welfare and be conducive to the raising of the level of production, therefore builds and improves animal welfare and is also Improve the important channel of the Meat Performance of beef cattle.Lying prone the sleeping time of cattle can be extended on soft dry ground, and when lying prone sleeping of cattle Between be the performance directly perceived of cattle comfort level and welfare.In hock pen, a limited number of beef cattle feeding is on soft dry bedding and padding, Just can improve the comfortable easy degree of cattle, add each stage rotation dry-lot feeding beef cattle of raising, effectively prevent clear excrement and Change bedding and padding to beef cattle stress, thus also inevitably facilitate the raising of its Meat Performance.
Roughage is respectively accounted for 50% mixing by corn stover silage and fresh beer vinasse and forms.Corn stover silage is with fresh Semen Maydis Straw are raw material, fill in silage silo sealing and fermenting and form for more than one month after chopping.
Fresh beer vinasse takes from brewery, and its moisture is 75%.
Concentrated feed is dry mash, whole raw materials of concentrated feed will together be ground into dry mash form, feed beef cattle.
Microelement pre-mix material is commercially available, trade name 0.5% cattle and sheep compound microelement.
Vitamin ad3 powder is commercially available commodity.
Embodiment 2:
The cultural method of a kind of beef cattle, divides monthly age section to carry out essence, roughage nutrition regulation and fence including by the trophophase of beef cattle Rotation is raised, and it is that the hock pen that each two is adjacent raises 1 group of cattle, often 5 cattle of group, a dry-lot feeding cattle that fence rotation is raised Time, another fence sky hurdle, according to the humidity condition of fence ground bedding and padding fence of rotation in every 7.5 days, raise omnidistance such Circulation is until completing beef ox fattening and finally delivering for sale.
The present invention is compared with the most conventional high-grade beef cattle method for breeding, and its advantage shows following aspect: improve dynamic Thing welfare, improves the Meat Performance of high-grade beef cattle: hock pen rotation is raised, and maintains the soft dry with relative of fence ground Dry, improve the comfort level of beef cattle, extend beef cattle and lie prone the bed rest time, maintain quiet environment, improve animal welfare, Significantly improve the Meat Performance of high-grade beef cattle.
First getting out two fences being made up of horizontal bar and rail post, fence is square, and area is 36 square metres, fence Ground ground floor spreads the wood flour of 2 cm thicks, the dry ground of second layer paving 3-4 cm thick.
Divide monthly age section to carry out essence by the trophophase of beef cattle, roughage nutrition regulation is to be divided into four rank by the monthly age of beef cattle Section, and concentrated feed feeds with dry mash form;
(1) transition and the stage at monthly age laundering period 7-8: select 5 about 6 monthly ages wean Angus of 200 kilograms to hybridize bull, in mistake Crossing and quarantine isolation within the laundering period, healthy person of selecting and remain carries out anthelmintic, stomach invigorating and immunity accordingly, then carries out castration of performing the operation And post-operative recovery work;Roughage free choice feeding during this period;Concentrated feed is that limitation is searched for food, and feeds 2.7 kilograms every day every;This phase Being 2 months, the purpose of this phase is ready for fattening;
(2) fatten the stage at early stage 9-14 monthly age: roughage free choice feeding;Concentrated feed is that limitation is searched for food, and every day every, scale of feeding increased It is added to the 1.16% of body weight;This phase is 6 months, its objective is to ensure skeleton and the growth of cud by nutrition regulation;
(3) fatten the 15-22 stage at monthly age in mid-term: roughage early, evening feed at regular time and quantity for twice, each every to feed amount be 4.3 thousand Gram;Essence after the thickest, roughage feeds concentrated feed after searching for food totally again, and concentrated feed is free choice feeding;This phase is 8 months, this phase Task is to promote muscle growth and adipose tissue development by nutrition regulation;
(4) fattening the stage at monthly age later stage 23-28: according to fattening the concentrated feed free choice feeding in later stage, other feeds in fattening with (3) Phase;This phase is 6 months, and the task of this phase is to promote the deposition of fat between muscle fiber by nutrition regulation, forms marbling Beef.
Fully meet high-grade beef cattle growth and the nutritional need of lipidosis: fatten early stage and use concentrated feed quantitatively, slightly The method of feedstuff free choice feeding promotes skeleton and the growth promoter of digestive organs particularly cud, and beneficially beef cattle is formed greatly Skeleton and huge feed intake and powerful digestion power, muscle growth and fat flesh for fattening high-grade beef cattle middle and late stage are fine Fat deposition between dimension is laid a good foundation, and fattens the method that the intermediary and later stages take concentrated feed free choice feeding, fully meets the battalion of beef cattle Support and need, both played the weightening finish potentiality fattening mid-term, achieve again the fat fattening between later stage muscle fiber the most heavy Long-pending, promote muscle growth and the lipidosis of high-grade beef cattle, it is achieved that grow and the synchronization fattened is carried out.
Roughage is respectively accounted for 50% mixing by corn stover silage and fresh beer vinasse and forms, and to fatten middle and late stage be that limitation is searched for food;By The roughage that fresh beer vinasse and corn stover silage mix, its quality and palatability be better than the dry straws such as Caulis et Folium Oryzae, in fattening, after Phase restricted scale of rationing, the rate of eating up is 100%, not only ensure that the normal stool (rumen zymosis) of cud, and fresh beer vinasse has and changes The effect of kind Meat Flavor, also ensure that beef cattle free choice feeding concentrated feed to greatest extent.Further, since essence after the thickest, slightly raise Material is searched for food after terminating and is added concentrated feed again, this guarantees roughage and does not contacts with concentrated feed, it is ensured that concentrated feed remains Dry powder, also ensure that the concentrated feed in feed trough does not haves and becomes sour.
Transition forms with the concentrated feed of laundering period and mass fraction ratio is: the Semen Maydis 55 parts of southern plantation, maize germ cake 25 parts, 10 parts of wheat bran, cottonseed cake 6.5 parts, bean cake 9 parts, calcium hydrogen phosphate 1.6 parts, Sal 0.7 part, microelement pre-mix material 0.65 Part, 0.26 part of vitamin ad3 powder.
Owing to same kind Semen Maydis is cultivated at the South and the North, the quality in the north and good palatability, in south, are mainly north illumination Abundance, the dry such as sugar, albumen and aminoacid is the most;How overcast and rainy south is, and the accumulation of dry is inferior the most, and yield is also not so good as The north.
Effect is: the health-care good product during 1, Semen Maydis is coarse grain, the most favourable to the health of beef cattle: the vitamin in Semen Maydis The composition such as B6, nicotinic acid, has the characteristic that stimulating gastrointestinal is wriggled, accelerated feces excretion, can prevent treating constipation, gastropathy, enteritis, intestinal cancer Deng.2, Semen Maydis is rich in vitamin C, dextrinosan etc., has longevity, beautification function.Nutrient substance contained by corn germ point has Strengthen beef cattle metabolism, adjust nervous function.
This concentrated feed needs through following PROCESS FOR TREATMENT:
(1) it is crushed to 65-70 mesh fineness, by three kinds after Semen Maydis, maize germ cake and the cottonseed cake oven drying at low temperature planted in south Powder mix homogeneously, obtains primary concentrated feed;
(2) primary concentrated feed is spread at shady and cool ventilation 10-12 hour, dry after bean cake is cleaned, mix with primary concentrated feed Close uniformly, obtain two grades of concentrated feeds;
(3) two grades of concentrated feeds, calcium hydrogen phosphate and wheat bran being sent in pot, pour a small amount of white vinegar into, little fire stir-fries to going out perfume (or spice), cooling Rear pulverizing, crosses 80-90 mesh sieve, obtains three grades of concentrated feeds;
(4) vitamin ad3 powder, microelement pre-mix material being pulverized, add 3-4 times of clear water, after mix homogeneously, filter, filtrate is sprayed Mist, in three grades of concentrated feeds, obtains final finished product concentrated feed.
Concentrated feed is through being processed as discharging nutritional labeling therein so that it is be easier to be absorbed by beef cattle, simultaneously These nutritional labelings can promote the metabolism of beef cattle, and useful beef cattle is healthy, also has the metabolic function strengthening liver, and has Lax neural, help digest and improve effect of immunity.
The compliance test result of the present invention:
1, improve beef cattle comfort level, improve animal welfare.
The present invention not only avoid during fattening and removes the dirty stress producing cattle of excrement, and due to whole During fattening, fence ground is soft and relatively dry, thus substantially increases the comfort level of cattle.Soft and dry ground Face is the favorite ground of cattle, on soft dry ground, and the sleeping time lengthening of lying prone of cattle, and the sleeping time of lying prone of cattle is welfare and cattle The performance directly perceived of comfort level.Therefore hock pen rotation is raised and is improved animal welfare.The improvement of animal welfare is conducive to herding raw The raising of product level, when meeting animal welfare, can improve the level of production to greatest extent.Fence rotation is used to raise with conventional Method for breeding is compared, and beef cattle averagely lies prone in sleeping ratio (the sleeping cattle that lies prone accounts for the ratio that cows are total) at each time point, and the former compares the latter High 22 percentage points, difference is extremely notable (P < 0.01), illustrate animal welfare be improved significantly.
50% roughage formed respectively is accounted under the conditions of feeding 8.6 kilograms every every day by corn stover silage and fresh beer vinasse, There is not the dyspeptic phenomenon of glandular stomach in the feed mode using concentrated feed free choice feeding, and free choice feeding concentrated feed Finished cattle and limitation are searched for food finished cattle the ruminating on total time without significant difference (P > 0.05) in average every day of concentrated feed, fill Divide and prove to fatten later stage essence, the reasonably combined guarantee being to realize concentrated feed free choice feeding of roughage structure, otherwise will be to beef cattle Ruminate and have adverse effect on.
2, improve the Meat Performance indexs such as beef cattle daily gain, Slaughter and high-quality yield of edible portion of meat.
Use the present invention after measured compared with conventional cultivation method, fatten mid-term and later stage average daily gain is respectively increased 12.7% and 8.2%;The dressing percentage of beef cattle, neat percentage and meat bone ratio are respectively increased 5.6%, 6.3% and 3.1%.The high-grade meat of beef cattle Block beef fillet, western brain cold, upper, eye meat weight and high-grade cube meat gross weight, be respectively increased 5.3%, 7.7%, 13.7%, 9.6% and 6.8%;The indexs such as the tenderness of top grade beef, marble grain grade all obtain and significantly improve;Yellowish pink normal, fat color is pure white.
3, ensure that roughage feed intake beneficially low-carbon (LC) produce and environmental conservation.
Roughage is made up of corn stover silage and fresh beer vinasse rather than dry by traditional Caulis et Folium Oryzae, wheat straw, Dry corn stalk etc. Straw forms, and roughage so composition not only its quality and palatability are better than traditional roughage (dry straw), and the rate of eating up is 100%, it is ensured that roughage feed intake.And owing to methane (CH4) yield of forage grass becomes negative correlation with its quality, thus by green grass or young crops The roughage CH4 that the roughage of storage corn stalk and fresh beer vinasse composition is more traditional yields poorly.
So using the method for the present invention not only to ensure that roughage feed intake, but also decrease greenhouse effect, favorably Produce and environmental conservation in low-carbon (LC).
Above-described is only embodiments of the invention, and in scheme, the known general knowledge such as concrete structure and characteristic is not made at this Too much describe.It should be pointed out that, for a person skilled in the art, on the premise of without departing from present configuration, it is also possible to Making some deformation and improvement, these also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention, and these are all without affecting what the present invention implemented Effect and practical applicability.The protection domain that this application claims should be as the criterion with the content of its claim, in description Detailed description of the invention etc. record the content that may be used for explaining claim.

Claims (5)

1. the cultural method of a beef cattle, it is characterised in that: include dividing monthly age section to carry out essence, roughage battalion by the trophophase of beef cattle Supporting regulation and control and fence rotation is raised, it is that 1 group of cattle raised by the hock pen that each two is adjacent that fence rotation is raised, often 5 cattle of group, one During dry-lot feeding cattle, another fence sky hurdle, according to the humidity condition of fence ground bedding and padding fence of rotation in every 7.5 days, raise Support omnidistance so circulation until completing beef ox fattening and finally delivering for sale.
The cultural method of a kind of beef cattle the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that divide monthly age section by the trophophase of beef cattle Carry out essence, roughage nutrition regulation is to be divided into four-stage by the monthly age of beef cattle, and concentrated feed feeds with dry mash form;
(1) transition and the stage at monthly age laundering period 7-8: select the hybridization bull of about 6 monthly age body weight 200-250 kilogram wean, in mistake Crossing and quarantine isolation within the laundering period, healthy person of selecting and remain carries out anthelmintic, stomach invigorating and immunity accordingly, then carries out castration of performing the operation And post-operative recovery work;Roughage free choice feeding during this period;Concentrated feed is that limitation is searched for food, and feeds 2.7 kilograms every day every;This phase Being 2 months, the purpose of this phase is ready for fattening;
(2) fatten the stage at early stage 9-14 monthly age: roughage free choice feeding;Concentrated feed is that limitation is searched for food, and every day every, scale of feeding increased It is added to the 1.16% of body weight;This phase is 6 months, its objective is to ensure skeleton and the growth of cud by nutrition regulation;
(3) fatten the 15-22 stage at monthly age in mid-term: roughage early, evening feed at regular time and quantity for twice, each every to feed amount be 4.3 thousand Gram;Essence after the thickest, roughage feeds concentrated feed after searching for food totally again, and concentrated feed is free choice feeding;This phase is 8 months, this phase Task is to promote muscle growth and adipose tissue development by nutrition regulation;
(4) fattening the stage at monthly age later stage 23-28: according to fattening the concentrated feed free choice feeding in later stage, other feeds in fattening with (3) Phase;This phase is 6 months, and the task of this phase is to promote the deposition of fat between muscle fiber by nutrition regulation, forms marbling Beef.
The cultural method of a kind of beef cattle the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that roughage is by corn stover silage Respectively account for 50% mixing composition with fresh beer vinasse, and to fatten middle and late stage be that limitation is searched for food.
The cultural method of a kind of beef cattle the most according to claim 1 and 2, it is characterised in that the essence of transition and laundering period is raised Material composition and mass fraction ratio be: south plantation Semen Maydis 55 parts, maize germ cake 25 parts, 10 parts of wheat bran, cottonseed cake 6.5 parts, Bean cake 9 parts, calcium hydrogen phosphate 1.6 parts, Sal 0.7 part, microelement pre-mix material 0.65 part, 0.26 part of vitamin ad3 powder.
The cultural method of a kind of beef cattle the most according to claim 4, it is characterised in that this concentrated feed needs through following work Skill processes:
(1) it is crushed to 65-70 mesh fineness, by three kinds after Semen Maydis, maize germ cake and the cottonseed cake oven drying at low temperature planted in south Powder mix homogeneously, obtains primary concentrated feed;
(2) primary concentrated feed is spread at shady and cool ventilation 10-12 hour, dry after bean cake is cleaned, mix with primary concentrated feed Close uniformly, obtain two grades of concentrated feeds;
(3) two grades of concentrated feeds, calcium hydrogen phosphate and wheat bran being sent in pot, pour a small amount of white vinegar into, little fire stir-fries to going out perfume (or spice), cooling Rear pulverizing, crosses 80-90 mesh sieve, obtains three grades of concentrated feeds;
(4) vitamin ad3 powder, microelement pre-mix material being pulverized, add 3-4 times of clear water, after mix homogeneously, filter, filtrate is sprayed Mist, in three grades of concentrated feeds, obtains final finished product concentrated feed.
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CN107494435A (en) * 2017-09-30 2017-12-22 李均裕 A kind of method using feed with paper-mulberry leaf cowboying
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