CN107079880A - A kind of raising sow conception rate, the method for farrowing rate - Google Patents

A kind of raising sow conception rate, the method for farrowing rate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN107079880A
CN107079880A CN201710333804.7A CN201710333804A CN107079880A CN 107079880 A CN107079880 A CN 107079880A CN 201710333804 A CN201710333804 A CN 201710333804A CN 107079880 A CN107079880 A CN 107079880A
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parts
sow
rate
fermented feed
weight
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黄庆参
胡健源
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Bama Miniature Pig Agricultural And Animal Husbandry Co Ltd
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Bama Miniature Pig Agricultural And Animal Husbandry Co Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K67/00Rearing or breeding animals, not otherwise provided for; New breeds of animals
    • A01K67/02Breeding vertebrates
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The present invention relates to farm cultural technique field, it is specifically related to a kind of to improve sow conception rate, the method of farrowing rate, including seed selection, apolegamy, feeding management, the step such as sterilization and breeding, the fermented feed that feeds is main by 50 60 parts of oat, 50 60 parts of quinoa, 35 45 parts of sweet potato powder, 15 25 parts of oyster, 15 25 parts of pluck, 25 35 parts of fish meal, 15 20 parts of carrot, 15 20 parts of leaf of Moringa, 15 20 parts of alfalfa, 15 20 parts of saltbush, 15 20 parts of aster, 15 20 parts of red clover, carry wooden 15 20 parts of west grass, 40 50 parts of premix, 7 10 parts of stone flour, 7 10 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 7 10 parts of dibastic sodium phosphate, 35 parts of soya-bean oil, the fermenting raw materials such as 12 parts of 35 parts of peanut oil and brewer's yeast selenium are made.This method effectively facilitates the conception rate and farrowing rate of sow, improves the culture benefit of pig.

Description

A kind of raising sow conception rate, the method for farrowing rate
Technical field
The present invention relates to farm cultural technique field, and in particular to a kind of raising sow conception rate, the method for farrowing rate.
Background technology
Pork also known as globefish meat, are one of major livestock, the meat of porcine animals hog, and its sweet-salty is mild-natured, containing abundant The nutritional ingredients such as protein, fat, carbohydrate, calcium, iron and phosphorus.Pork is the main non-staple food of daily life, with benefit Empty salubrity, nourishing Yin and moistening dryness, the effect of riching and moisturizing skim.All weak after being ill, postpartum deficiency of blood, lean yellow face person, can all apply to use of nutrition The product of nourishing.Because pork fiber is more soft, connective tissue is less, and more intramuscular fat is contained in musculature, therefore, Meat flavour is especially delicious after cooking processing, becomes one of animal food important on people's dining table.Therefore the cultivation of pig The favor of numerous raisers has been obtained, has been the important means that numerous people shake off poverty and set out on the road to prosperity.In recent years, large-scale cultivation pig warp-wise New professionalism, specialization are strided forward, and " home-bred and autophytic " is then the major way of specialized cultivation pig.At present, sow by Tire rate and farrowing rate be not high, serious restriction " home-bred and autophytic " economic benefit.Therefore, sow breeding energy can how be effectively improved Power, environmental protection, ecologic breeding can be really embodied again then turns into the important topic of aquaculture research.
The content of the invention
The goal of the invention of the present invention is:For above-mentioned problem sow conception rate, farrowing rate are improved there is provided one kind Method, effectively facilitate conception rate, the farrowing rate of sow, improve the economic benefit of pig cultivation.
To achieve these goals, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is as follows:
A kind of raising sow conception rate, the method for farrowing rate, specifically include following steps:
(1) choose seeds:Select breediness strong, have excellent inhereditary feature, sexal maturity is moderate, substantially, ovulation is normal, milk for heat Head quantity more than 10, and teat size is homogeneous and the uniform BaMa miniature pig of the distance between teat is used as replacement gilt;
(2) match:To be come from pattern standard, excellent inhereditary feature, the normal BaMa miniature pig boar of healthy strong, semen deposition Breeding;
(3) feeding management:The feed fed to sow is based on fermented feed, supplemented by green forage, and normal water is gone forward side by side Row outdoor activity, the fermented feed is mainly made up of following raw material:30-40 parts of wheat bran, 35-45 parts of dregs of beans, oat 50-60 parts, 50-60 parts of quinoa, 40-50 parts of soy meal, 40-50 parts of corn flour, 35-45 parts of sweet potato powder, 30-40 parts of peanut powder, 15-25 parts of oyster, 15-25 parts of pluck, 25-35 parts of fish meal, 15-20 parts of carrot, 15-20 parts of leaf of Moringa, alfalfa 15-20 parts, 15-20 parts of saltbush, 15-20 parts of aster, 30-40 parts of sweet tea napier grass, 15-20 parts of red clover, carry wooden western 15-20 parts of grass, 40-50 parts of premix, 7-10 parts of stone flour, 7-10 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 7-10 parts of dibastic sodium phosphate, 3-5 parts of soya-bean oil, 3-5 parts of peanut oil, 1-2 parts of 5-7 parts of salt, 1-2 parts of brewer's yeast selenium, 1-2 parts of lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete;
(4) sterilize:First carried out disinfection processing for 1-2 days before breeding with thimerosal to the uterus and vulva position of sow;
(5) inject:Bred again after first injecting promoting sexual gland hormone before being bred on the day of sow;
(6) breed:Of the right age replacement gilt is bred according to oestrus of sow breeding time.
Preferably, fermented feed described in step (3) is mainly made up of following raw material:35 parts of wheat bran, dregs of beans 40 It is part, 55 parts of oat, 55 parts of quinoa, 45 parts of soy meal, 45 parts of corn flour, 40 parts of sweet potato powder, 35 parts of peanut powder, 20 parts of oyster, dynamic 20 parts of thing internal organ, 30 parts of fish meal, 17 parts of carrot, 17 parts of leaf of Moringa, 17 parts of alfalfa, 17 parts of saltbush, 17 parts of aster, sweet tea as 35 parts of grass, 17 parts of red clover, carry wooden 17 parts of west grass, 45 parts of premix, 8.5 parts of stone flour, 8.5 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, dibastic sodium phosphate 8.5 1.5 parts of part, 4 parts of soya-bean oil, 4 parts of peanut oil, 6 parts of salt, 1.5 parts of brewer's yeast selenium, 1.5 parts of lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete.
As above the preparation method of fermented feed comprises the following steps described in step (3):
(a) dregs of beans, quinoa, soybean, corn, sweet potato and peanut is accurately weighed according to parts by weight to be put into 50-60 DEG C of baking oven Moisture is baked to less than 5%, then is crushed, sieves, obtains dregs of beans, quinoa, soy meal, corn flour, sweet potato powder and peanut powder, And be uniformly mixed and obtain mixture A, it is standby;
(b) accurately weigh oyster according to parts by weight and pluck is cleaned up, and through thermophilic digestion, sterilizing, drying, powder It is broken, it is uniformly mixed, obtains mixture B, it is standby;
(c) accurately weighed according to parts by weight carrot, leaf of Moringa, alfalfa, saltbush, aster, sweet tea napier grass, red clover and Wooden west grass is carried, impurity is removed and cleans up, shred, and is uniformly mixed, mixture C is obtained, it is stand-by;
(d) will mixture A, mixture B and mixture C add fermentation tank in, add wheat bran, oat, fish meal, soya-bean oil, Peanut oil, salt, brewer's yeast selenium, lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete, are stirred when adding water, until with hand by raw material pinch it is agglomerating without Water drips and stops adding water, and covers film, spontaneous fermentation obtains tunning;
(e) premix, stone flour, calcium monohydrogen phosphate and dibastic sodium phosphate are accurately weighed according to parts by weight, the tunning is added In, it is uniformly mixed, obtains the fermented feed.
Preferably, during green forage described in step (3) is sweet potato stem leaf, Chinese cabbage, Russian Forage and chenopodium glaucum linn One or more.
Preferably, the drinking water of sow is the alkalescent small molecule under 80 meters of rock stratum in feeding management described in step (3) Group's water.
Preferably, thimerosal described in step (4) is by penicillin 1-2 parts by weight, streptomysin 1-1.5 parts by weight and physiology Salt solution 90-100 parts by weight mixed diluting is formed to 80-100 times.
Preferably, the injection volume of promoting sexual gland hormone described in step (5) is 500-800 units/head.
Preferably, breeding is by the way of remating and double mating are combined described in step (6).
In summary, by adopting the above-described technical solution, the beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1st, in feed vitamin and the content of trace element plays the role of very big to the fertility of sow, you can promote Enter oestrus of sow;Heat and ovulation of the trace element such as calcium, phosphorus to sow also have certain help, and such as scarce phosphorus can cause out of heat Or Repeat breeding, or even it is permanent infertile, or production monster, stillborn foetus, calcium deficiency can make the antenatal postpartum paralysis of sow, give birth to weak tire, scarce Selenium can have a strong impact on the reproductive performance of sow, and zinc is the constituent or activity factor of a variety of enzymes and a variety of hormones, to sow Breeding etc. plays important biological action, the A that is deficient in vitamin sow can not normally heat, under difficult labour, miscarriage and placenta hardly possible, Vitamin E, which has, to be promoted sexual gland, the development of ovary, facilitates and become pregnant, prevent the effect such as miscarriage.The fermented feed of the present invention utilizes raw material Wheat bran, dregs of beans, oat, quinoa, soy meal, corn flour, sweet potato powder, peanut powder, oyster, pluck, fish meal, carrot, Moringa Leaf, alfalfa, saltbush, aster, sweet tea napier grass, red clover, carry wooden western grass, premix, stone flour, calcium monohydrogen phosphate, dibastic sodium phosphate, beans Oil, peanut oil, salt, brewer's yeast selenium, lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete is fermented is prepared from;Wherein, wheat bran, dregs of beans, oat, lamb's-quarters Containing abundant carbohydrate, thick protein, multivitamin, amino acid in wheat, soy meal, corn flour, sweet potato powder and peanut powder And the nutritional ingredient such as mineral matter, belong to energy feed and Plant protein feed, can effectively supplement sow normal physiological activity Required energy and nutritional ingredient;Contain the mineral matters such as substantial amounts of calcium, phosphorus, iodine, zinc, iron, selenium in oyster, pluck, fish meal Element, considerably increases the content of mineral substances in fermented feed;Carrot matter is crisp delicious, rich in carbohydrate, fat, carrotene, dimension The nutritional ingredients such as raw element A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, calcium, iron, are effectively increased the nutritive value of fermented feed, add simultaneously The palatability of fermented feed;Sweet tea napier grass contains the nutritional ingredients such as abundant crude fat, calcium, phosphorus, fresh and tender succulence, and palatability is very It is good, make sow easily heat;The tender succulence of red clover herbaceous stem, palatability is good, and protein content is high, nutritive value;Carry wooden west Natural plant height fiber, helps speed up the wriggling of sow stomach, helps and digest and assimilate;Leaf of Moringa, alfalfa, saltbush and aster are not only Palatability is good, nutritious, also containing substantial amounts of selenium element, can effectively increase the selenium content in fermented feed;The master of stone flour It is calcium carbonate to want composition, adds in fermented feed and adds calcium content, the addition of calcium monohydrogen phosphate and dibastic sodium phosphate adds fermentation The content of calcium, phosphorus, sodium in feed;By these material mixings together, the nutritional ingredient of fermented feed is considerably increased, makes fermentation Feed nutrition is balanced, and because the nutriments such as crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre are difficult to be digested absorption, but by breast After the fermentation process of sour bacterium and saccharomycete so that the organic matter such as starch contained therein, protein, carbohydrate and cellulose drops in fermented feed Solve as monosaccharide and disaccharide, amino acid and trace element etc., promote fermented feed to soften, become perfumed and more agreeable to the taste, finally make those not Crude protein, crude fat, crude fibre for being easily absorbed and used etc. change into the absorbed nutriment of energy, improve in fermented feed Digestion, absorption and the utilization rate of nutriment, and various metabolites (such as various acids, enzyme, the antibiosis that microorganism produces Element, bacteriocidin, somatomedin etc.) also it is mixed in fermented feed, harmful bacteria growing can be suppressed, sow enteric microorganism bacterium is maintained The stabilization of group, promotes to digest and assimilate, so as to improve the immunity and resistance against diseases of sow.The fermented feed that the present invention is fed is simultaneous Have nutrition and health care double action, palatability is good, the nutriment of abundance, sow of being eliminated the effects of the act from nutrition are provided for sow Weary feelings or the factor of heat, it is to avoid heat ovulation disorder occurs for sow, so as to effectively improve sow conception rate and farrowing rate.
2nd, present invention feeding mother pig also supplemented by green forage sweet potato stem leaf, Chinese cabbage, Russian Forage and chenopodium glaucum linn, Wherein, the proteins,vitamins,minerals constituent content of sweet potato stem leaf is high, and nutrition is rich often abundant, and leaf is emerald green fresh and tender, refreshing Mouthful, abundant mucus albumen can improve sow body immunity, strengthen immunologic function, the effect enhanced metabolism, abundant meals Fiber is eaten, the enterogastric peristalsis of sow can be promoted;Chinese cabbage is mild-natured to be slightly cold, sweet, enters intestines, stomach, with clearing heat and relieving fidgetness, tonneau intestines Effect of stomach and promoting digestion and nourishing stomach;Russian Forage is containing abundant thick protein, fat, vitamin and NFE, nutrition Value is higher, and the fresh and tender succulence of cauline leaf, palatability is good;Chenopodium glaucum linn contains cucumber delicate fragrance taste, there is abundant protein, fat, carbon Hydrate, inorganic salts and multivitamin, tasty, palatability is good;These crisp succulence of green forage matter, it is nutritious, Further nutritional ingredient can be provided for sow, moreover it is possible to heat-clearing stomach invigorating, increase the immunologic function of sow, enhance metabolism, reduce The utilization rate of fermented feed.
Embodiment
Technical scheme is clearly and completely described below by specific embodiment.
Embodiment 1
1st, the preparation of fermented feed
Fermented feed is mainly made up of following raw material:30 parts of wheat bran, 35 parts of dregs of beans, 50 parts of oat, 50 parts of quinoa, 40 parts of soy meal, 40 parts of corn flour, 35 parts of sweet potato powder, 30 parts of peanut powder, 15 parts of oyster, 15 parts of pluck, 25 parts of fish meal, Hu 15 parts of radish, 15 parts of leaf of Moringa, 15 parts of alfalfa, 15 parts of saltbush, 15 parts of aster, 30 parts of sweet tea napier grass, 15 parts of red clover, carry wood Western 15 parts of grass, 40 parts of premix, 7 parts of stone flour, 7 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 7 parts of dibastic sodium phosphate, 3 parts of soya-bean oil, 3 parts of peanut oil, salt 5 1 part of part, 1 part of brewer's yeast selenium, 1 part of lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete.
The fermented feed that said ratio is obtained is prepared from using following methods, specifically includes following steps:
(a) dregs of beans, quinoa, soybean, corn, sweet potato and peanut are accurately weighed according to parts by weight and is put into baking in 50 DEG C of baking ovens It is less than 5% to moisture, then is crushed, sieves, obtain dregs of beans, quinoa, soy meal, corn flour, sweet potato powder and peanut powder, and stir Mix it is well mixed obtain mixture A, it is standby;
(b) accurately weigh oyster according to parts by weight and pluck is cleaned up, and through thermophilic digestion, sterilizing, drying, powder It is broken, it is uniformly mixed, obtains mixture B, it is standby;
(c) accurately weighed according to parts by weight carrot, leaf of Moringa, alfalfa, saltbush, aster, sweet tea napier grass, red clover and Wooden west grass is carried, impurity is removed and cleans up, shred, and is uniformly mixed, mixture C is obtained, it is stand-by;
(d) will mixture A, mixture B and mixture C add fermentation tank in, add wheat bran, oat, fish meal, soya-bean oil, Peanut oil, salt, brewer's yeast selenium, lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete, are stirred when adding water, until with hand by raw material pinch it is agglomerating without Water drips and stops adding water, and covers film, spontaneous fermentation obtains tunning;
(e) premix, stone flour, calcium monohydrogen phosphate and dibastic sodium phosphate are accurately weighed according to parts by weight, the tunning is added In, it is uniformly mixed, obtains the fermented feed.
2nd, the above-mentioned fermented feed prepared is specifically included with raising sow conception rate, the method for farrowing rate Following steps:
(1) choose seeds:Select breediness strong, have excellent inhereditary feature, sexal maturity is moderate, substantially, ovulation is normal, milk for heat Head quantity more than 10, and teat size is homogeneous and the uniform BaMa miniature pig of the distance between teat is used as replacement gilt;
(2) match:To be come from pattern standard, excellent inhereditary feature, the normal BaMa miniature pig boar of healthy strong, semen deposition Breeding;
(3) feeding management:The feed fed to sow is based on the above-mentioned fermented feed prepared, green forage sweet potato Supplemented by cauline leaf and Chinese cabbage, the alkalescent small-micelle water under 80 meters of rock stratum is normally drunk, and carry out outdoor activity;
(4) sterilize:First 1 day is bred first with by the parts by weight of penicillin 1, the parts by weight of streptomysin 1 and the parts by weight of physiological saline 90 The thimerosal of mixed diluting to 80 times carries out disinfection processing to the uterus and vulva position of sow;
(5) inject:Bred again after first injecting 500 units/head promoting sexual gland hormone before being bred on the day of sow;
(6) breed:According to oestrus of sow breeding time, to of the right age by the way of remating and double mating are combined Replacement gilt bred.
Embodiment 2
1st, the preparation of fermented feed
Fermented feed is mainly made up of following raw material:35 parts of wheat bran, 40 parts of dregs of beans, 55 parts of oat, 55 parts of quinoa, 45 parts of soy meal, 45 parts of corn flour, 40 parts of sweet potato powder, 35 parts of peanut powder, 20 parts of oyster, 20 parts of pluck, 30 parts of fish meal, Hu 17 parts of radish, 17 parts of leaf of Moringa, 17 parts of alfalfa, 17 parts of saltbush, 17 parts of aster, 35 parts of sweet tea napier grass, 17 parts of red clover, carry wood Western 17 parts of grass, 45 parts of premix, 8.5 parts of stone flour, 8.5 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 8.5 parts of dibastic sodium phosphate, 4 parts of soya-bean oil, 4 parts of peanut oil, 1.5 parts of 6 parts of salt, 1.5 parts of brewer's yeast selenium, 1.5 parts of lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete.
The fermented feed that said ratio is obtained is prepared from using following methods, specifically includes following steps:
(a) dregs of beans, quinoa, soybean, corn, sweet potato and peanut are accurately weighed according to parts by weight and is put into baking in 55 DEG C of baking ovens It is less than 5% to moisture, then is crushed, sieves, obtain dregs of beans, quinoa, soy meal, corn flour, sweet potato powder and peanut powder, and stir Mix it is well mixed obtain mixture A, it is standby;
(b) accurately weigh oyster according to parts by weight and pluck is cleaned up, and through thermophilic digestion, sterilizing, drying, powder It is broken, it is uniformly mixed, obtains mixture B, it is standby;
(c) accurately weighed according to parts by weight carrot, leaf of Moringa, alfalfa, saltbush, aster, sweet tea napier grass, red clover and Wooden west grass is carried, impurity is removed and cleans up, shred, and is uniformly mixed, mixture C is obtained, it is stand-by;
(d) will mixture A, mixture B and mixture C add fermentation tank in, add wheat bran, oat, fish meal, soya-bean oil, Peanut oil, salt, brewer's yeast selenium, lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete, are stirred when adding water, until with hand by raw material pinch it is agglomerating without Water drips and stops adding water, and covers film, spontaneous fermentation obtains tunning;
(e) premix, stone flour, calcium monohydrogen phosphate and dibastic sodium phosphate are accurately weighed according to parts by weight, the tunning is added In, it is uniformly mixed, obtains the fermented feed.
2nd, the above-mentioned fermented feed prepared is specifically included with raising sow conception rate, the method for farrowing rate Following steps:
(1) choose seeds:Select breediness strong, have excellent inhereditary feature, sexal maturity is moderate, substantially, ovulation is normal, milk for heat Head quantity more than 10, and teat size is homogeneous and the uniform BaMa miniature pig of the distance between teat is used as replacement gilt;
(2) match:To be come from pattern standard, excellent inhereditary feature, the normal BaMa miniature pig boar of healthy strong, semen deposition Breeding;
(3) feeding management:The feed fed to sow is based on the above-mentioned fermented feed prepared, green forage Russia sieve Supplemented by this fodder grass and chenopodium glaucum linn, the alkalescent small-micelle water under 80 meters of rock stratum is normally drunk, and carry out outdoor activity;
(4) sterilize:First 1 day is bred first with by the parts by weight of penicillin 1.5, the parts by weight of streptomysin 1.3 and the weight of physiological saline 95 The thimerosal of amount part mixed diluting to 90 times carries out disinfection processing to the uterus and vulva position of sow;
(5) inject:Bred again after first injecting 650 units/head promoting sexual gland hormone before being bred on the day of sow;
(6) breed:According to oestrus of sow breeding time, to of the right age by the way of remating and double mating are combined Replacement gilt bred.
Embodiment 3
1st, the preparation of fermented feed
Fermented feed is mainly made up of following raw material:40 parts of wheat bran, 45 parts of dregs of beans, 60 parts of oat, 60 parts of quinoa, 50 parts of soy meal, 50 parts of corn flour, 45 parts of sweet potato powder, 40 parts of peanut powder, 25 parts of oyster, 25 parts of pluck, 35 parts of fish meal, Hu 20 parts of radish, 20 parts of leaf of Moringa, 20 parts of alfalfa, 20 parts of saltbush, 20 parts of aster, 40 parts of sweet tea napier grass, 20 parts of red clover, carry wood Western 20 parts of grass, 50 parts of premix, 10 parts of stone flour, 10 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 10 parts of dibastic sodium phosphate, 5 parts of soya-bean oil, 5 parts of peanut oil, salt 2 parts of 7 parts, 2 parts of brewer's yeast selenium, 2 parts of lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete.
The fermented feed that said ratio is obtained is prepared from using following methods, specifically includes following steps:
(a) dregs of beans, quinoa, soybean, corn, sweet potato and peanut are accurately weighed according to parts by weight and is put into baking in 60 DEG C of baking ovens It is less than 5% to moisture, then is crushed, sieves, obtain dregs of beans, quinoa, soy meal, corn flour, sweet potato powder and peanut powder, and stir Mix it is well mixed obtain mixture A, it is standby;
(b) accurately weigh oyster according to parts by weight and pluck is cleaned up, and through thermophilic digestion, sterilizing, drying, powder It is broken, it is uniformly mixed, obtains mixture B, it is standby;
(c) accurately weighed according to parts by weight carrot, leaf of Moringa, alfalfa, saltbush, aster, sweet tea napier grass, red clover and Wooden west grass is carried, impurity is removed and cleans up, shred, and is uniformly mixed, mixture C is obtained, it is stand-by;
(d) will mixture A, mixture B and mixture C add fermentation tank in, add wheat bran, oat, fish meal, soya-bean oil, Peanut oil, salt, brewer's yeast selenium, lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete, are stirred when adding water, until with hand by raw material pinch it is agglomerating without Water drips and stops adding water, and covers film, spontaneous fermentation obtains tunning;
(e) premix, stone flour, calcium monohydrogen phosphate and dibastic sodium phosphate are accurately weighed according to parts by weight, the tunning is added In, it is uniformly mixed, obtains the fermented feed.
2nd, the above-mentioned fermented feed prepared is specifically included with raising sow conception rate, the method for farrowing rate Following steps:
(1) choose seeds:Select breediness strong, have excellent inhereditary feature, sexal maturity is moderate, substantially, ovulation is normal, milk for heat Head quantity more than 10, and teat size is homogeneous and the uniform BaMa miniature pig of the distance between teat is used as replacement gilt;
(2) match:To be bred from pattern standard, the healthy normal BaMa miniature pig boar of strong, semen deposition;
(3) feeding management:The feed fed to sow is based on the above-mentioned fermented feed prepared, green forage sweet potato Supplemented by cauline leaf, Chinese cabbage, Russian Forage and chenopodium glaucum linn, the alkalescent small-micelle water under 80 meters of rock stratum is normally drunk, and Carry out outdoor activity;
(4) sterilize:First 1 day is bred first with by the parts by weight of penicillin 2,1.5 parts of streptomysin weight and the weight of physiological saline 100 The thimerosal of part mixed diluting to 100 times carries out disinfection processing to the uterus and vulva position of sow;
(5) inject:Bred again after first injecting 800 units/head promoting sexual gland hormone before being bred on the day of sow;
(6) breed:According to oestrus of sow breeding time, to of the right age by the way of remating and double mating are combined Replacement gilt bred.
The applicant has carried out substantial amounts of contrast experiment, and part test now is arranged into as follows:Choose various performance characteristic phases Near replacement gilt, every group of replacement gilt quantity is identical, and during experiment, replacement gilt is unrestricted, and has counted every group The average litter size amount of replacement gilt, result of the test refers to table 1 below.
Control group:Common replacement gilt forage is fed, other cultural methods are identical with embodiments of the invention 1.
Comparative example 1:Fermented feed is by raw material wheat bran, dregs of beans, soy meal, corn flour, peanut powder, soya-bean oil, peanut oil, food Salt, lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete are prepared from according to the mode of embodiments of the invention 1, other cultural methods and embodiments of the invention 1 is identical.
Comparative example 2:Fermented feed is by raw material oat, quinoa, sweet potato powder, oyster, pluck, fish meal, salt, lactic acid Bacterium and saccharomycete are prepared from according to the mode of embodiments of the invention 1, and other cultural methods are identical with embodiments of the invention 1.
Comparative example 3:Fermented feed is by raw material carrot, leaf of Moringa, alfalfa, saltbush, aster, sweet tea napier grass, red three Leaf, carry wooden western grass, brewer's yeast selenium, lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete and be prepared from according to the mode of embodiments of the invention 1, other are cultivated Method is identical with embodiments of the invention 1.
Comparative example 4:Fermented feed is the reality according to the present invention by raw material premix material, stone flour, calcium monohydrogen phosphate and dibastic sodium phosphate Apply the mode of example 1 to be prepared from, other cultural methods are identical with embodiments of the invention 1.
Table 1 feeds the average litter size amount of each group replacement gilt after fermented feed
Control group Comparative example 1 Comparative example 2 Comparative example 3 Comparative example 4 Embodiment 1 Embodiment 2 Embodiment 3
Average litter size amount/head 6.2 9.3 11.6 12.1 10.6 25.6 29.1 32.5
From the data display of table 1, the average litter size of replacement gilt after the fermented feed obtained by comparative example 1-4 has been fed Amount is more than control group, but fewer than embodiment 1, and with the increase of fermented feed raw material dosage, the average litter size of replacement gilt Amount is consequently increased, and 4-5 times is added than control group.In summary, the composition of raw materials of fermented feed of the invention science the most Rationally, scientific and reasonable nutrition nutrient is provided for replacement gilt, and then effectively facilitates the average litter size amount of replacement gilt, is carried The culture benefit of high pig.
Described above is the detailed description for the present invention preferably possible embodiments, but embodiment is not limited to this hair The equal change or modification change completed under bright patent claim, the technical spirit suggested by all present invention, all should belong to Cover the scope of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (8)

1. a kind of raising sow conception rate, the method for farrowing rate, it is characterised in that specifically include following steps:
(1) choose seeds:Select breediness strong, have excellent inhereditary feature, sexal maturity is moderate, substantially, ovulation is normal, teat number for heat Amount more than 10, and teat size is homogeneous and the uniform BaMa miniature pig of the distance between teat is used as replacement gilt;
(2) match:Bred from pattern standard, excellent inhereditary feature, the healthy normal BaMa miniature pig boar of strong, semen deposition;
(3) feeding management:The feed fed to sow is based on fermented feed, supplemented by green forage, normal water, and carries out room Outer activity, the fermented feed is mainly made up of following raw material:30-40 parts of wheat bran, 35-45 parts of dregs of beans, oat 50-60 Part, 50-60 parts of quinoa, 40-50 parts of soy meal, 40-50 parts of corn flour, 35-45 parts of sweet potato powder, 30-40 parts of peanut powder, oyster 15-25 parts, 15-25 parts of pluck, 25-35 parts of fish meal, 15-20 parts of carrot, 15-20 parts of leaf of Moringa, alfalfa 15-20 Part, 15-20 parts of saltbush, 15-20 parts of aster, 30-40 parts of sweet tea napier grass, 15-20 parts of red clover, propose wooden western 15-20 parts of grass, premix 40-50 parts, 7-10 parts of stone flour, 7-10 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 7-10 parts of dibastic sodium phosphate, 3-5 parts of soya-bean oil, 3-5 parts of peanut oil, salt 5- 1-2 parts of 7 parts, 1-2 parts of brewer's yeast selenium, 1-2 parts of lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete;
(4) sterilize:First carried out disinfection processing for 1-2 days before breeding with thimerosal to the uterus and vulva position of sow;
(5) inject:Bred again after first injecting promoting sexual gland hormone before being bred on the day of sow;
(6) breed:Of the right age replacement gilt is bred according to oestrus of sow breeding time.
2. raising sow conception rate according to claim 1, the method for farrowing rate, it is characterised in that:Described in step (3) Fermented feed is mainly made up of following raw material:35 parts of wheat bran, 40 parts of dregs of beans, 55 parts of oat, 55 parts of quinoa, soy meal 45 Part, 45 parts of corn flour, 40 parts of sweet potato powder, 35 parts of peanut powder, 20 parts of oyster, 20 parts of pluck, 30 parts of fish meal, 17 parts of carrot, 17 parts of leaf of Moringa, 17 parts of alfalfa, 17 parts of saltbush, 17 parts of aster, 35 parts of sweet tea napier grass, 17 parts of red clover, carry wooden 17 parts of west grass, 45 parts of premix, 8.5 parts of stone flour, 8.5 parts of calcium monohydrogen phosphate, 8.5 parts of dibastic sodium phosphate, 4 parts of soya-bean oil, 4 parts of peanut oil, 6 parts of salt, beer 1.5 parts of 1.5 parts of brewer yeast selenium, 1.5 parts of lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete.
3. raising sow conception rate according to claim 1, the method for farrowing rate, it is characterised in that described in step (3) The preparation method of fermented feed comprises the following steps:
(a) dregs of beans, quinoa, soybean, corn, sweet potato and peanut are accurately weighed according to parts by weight and is put into baking in 50-60 DEG C of baking oven It is less than 5% to moisture, then is crushed, sieves, obtain dregs of beans, quinoa, soy meal, corn flour, sweet potato powder and peanut powder, and stir Mix it is well mixed obtain mixture A, it is standby;
(b) accurately weigh oyster according to parts by weight and pluck is cleaned up, and through thermophilic digestion, sterilizing, drying, crushing, It is uniformly mixed, obtains mixture B, it is standby;
(c) carrot, leaf of Moringa, alfalfa, saltbush, aster, sweet tea napier grass, red clover are accurately weighed according to parts by weight and wood is carried Western grass, removes impurity and cleans up, shred, and is uniformly mixed, and obtains mixture C, stand-by;
(d) mixture A, mixture B and mixture C are added in fermentation tank, adds wheat bran, oat, fish meal, soya-bean oil, peanut Oil, salt, brewer's yeast selenium, lactic acid bacteria and saccharomycete, are stirred when adding water, until raw material is pinched into agglomerating without water droplet with hand Fall and stop adding water, cover film, spontaneous fermentation obtains tunning;
(e) premix, stone flour, calcium monohydrogen phosphate and dibastic sodium phosphate are accurately weighed according to parts by weight, adds in the tunning, stirs Mix well mixed, obtain the fermented feed.
4. raising sow conception rate according to claim 1, the method for farrowing rate, it is characterised in that:Described in step (3) Green forage is the one or more in sweet potato stem leaf, Chinese cabbage, Russian Forage and chenopodium glaucum linn.
5. raising sow conception rate according to claim 1, the method for farrowing rate, it is characterised in that:Described in step (3) The drinking water of sow is the alkalescent small-micelle water under 80 meters of rock stratum in feeding management.
6. raising sow conception rate according to claim 1, the method for farrowing rate, it is characterised in that:Described in step (4) Thimerosal be by penicillin 1-2 parts by weight, streptomysin 1-1.5 parts by weight and physiological saline 90-100 parts by weight mixed diluting extremely 80-100 times forms.
7. raising sow conception rate according to claim 1, the method for farrowing rate, it is characterised in that:Described in step (5) The injection volume of promoting sexual gland hormone is 500-800 units/head.
8. raising sow conception rate according to claim 1, the method for farrowing rate, it is characterised in that:Described in step (6) Breeding is by the way of remating and double mating are combined.
CN201710333804.7A 2017-05-12 2017-05-12 A kind of raising sow conception rate, the method for farrowing rate Pending CN107079880A (en)

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CN108377964A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-08-10 广西东兰县隘洞拉社通达种养专业合作社 A kind of breeding method of hybridized pig
CN108719195A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-02 广州市科虎生物技术研究开发中心 Shorten the method for jenny stages of labor
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CN108719195A (en) * 2018-06-08 2018-11-02 广州市科虎生物技术研究开发中心 Shorten the method for jenny stages of labor

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Application publication date: 20170822