CN106069802A - A kind of pig house environmental control system in winter - Google Patents

A kind of pig house environmental control system in winter Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106069802A
CN106069802A CN201610641796.8A CN201610641796A CN106069802A CN 106069802 A CN106069802 A CN 106069802A CN 201610641796 A CN201610641796 A CN 201610641796A CN 106069802 A CN106069802 A CN 106069802A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
pig house
air
corridor
winter
control system
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610641796.8A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张迎春
王雨
巴顺利
王红立
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Zhengzhou Lingyu New Materials Co Ltd
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Zhengzhou Lingyu New Materials Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201610641796.8A priority Critical patent/CN106069802A/en
Publication of CN106069802A publication Critical patent/CN106069802A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K1/00Housing animals; Equipment therefor
    • A01K1/0047Air-conditioning, e.g. ventilation, of animal housings

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of pig house environmental control system in winter, including along the equally distributed airtight pig house of closed corridor lateral symmetry, connection one end, corridor is provided with air preheat station, connection corridor below ground is equipped with inlet manifold, inlet manifold's end connects air intake branch, air intake branch is turned back above the inside pig house of connection both sides, corridor, and venthole is distributed on air intake branch;Pig house ground is provided with crevice board, is provided with excrement groove below crevice board, and excrement groove is perpendicular to join corridor and extends to join below corridor, and pig house excrement groove end is given vent to anger house steward, and the gas branch pipe end that goes out being connected with the house steward that gives vent to anger stretches in the air.First pass through air preheat station to be preheated by cold air, be then passed through twice intensification, move closer to temperature in pig house;In pig house, air pollution stretches out row in the air by the structure of similar chimney from pig house ceiling;Intake air temperature maintains balance substantially substantially close to temperature in pig house, air inflow and gas output, and result had both achieved pig house and ventilated, and the pig that pig house temperature decrease will not be occurred to cause again is sick or impact grows.

Description

A kind of pig house environmental control system in winter
Technical field
The invention belongs to penkeeping technical field, specifically a kind of pig house environmental control system in winter.
Background technology
Keep health and air ambient that pig house is good, advantageously reduce the probability of catching an illness of pig, and, the wiper ring of pig house Border makes the smooth non-binding of epidermis of pig, may advantageously facilitate the growth of pig.Preference temperature of raising pigs is 18-26 DEG C, temperature 12 DEG C with Lower or pig poor growth, pig easy heatstroke when temperature is higher than 30 DEG C when more than 30 DEG C, can cause pig mortality time serious;Tradition is supported Pig industry is airtight by pig house in the winter time, heats with air stove, and in pig house, temperature is ensured, but atmosphere draught-free, air quality The most up to standard, north of China indoor/outdoor temperature-difference, at about 50 DEG C, directly ventilates, and pig house temperature moment reduces, temperature meeting fluctuated Causing pig sick, impact growth, winter ventilation becomes a difficult problem.
Summary of the invention
Very big for northern environment indoor/outdoor temperature-difference, directly to ventilate and easily cause the reduction of pig house temperature moment, temperature is neglected height and is neglected Low meeting causes pig sick, impact growth, and the present invention provides a kind of pig house environmental control system in winter, ventilates smooth and easy, and will not serious shadow Ring the temperature constant in pig house.
It is an object of the invention to realize in the following manner:
A kind of pig house environmental control system in winter, including along the connection corridor equally distributed airtight pig house of lateral symmetry, connection corridor is closed knot Structure, connection one end, corridor is provided with air preheat station, and connection corridor below ground is equipped with inlet manifold, and inlet manifold's end connects air inlet and props up Pipe, inlet manifold extends to the vestibule other end from one end, air preheat station, elevates above the soil above inside pig house, and air intake branch exists Turn back above the inside pig house of vestibule both sides, venthole on air intake branch, is distributed;Pig house ground is provided with crevice board, below crevice board Being provided with excrement groove, excrement groove is perpendicular to join corridor and extends to join below corridor, and pig house excrement groove end is given vent to anger house steward, and the house steward that gives vent to anger connects and gives vent to anger Arm, the house steward that gives vent to anger is positioned at connection corridor underground, goes out gas branch pipe end and stretch in the air.
Inlet manifold and air intake branch are pvc pipe.
The a diameter of 30-35cm of inlet manifold, a diameter of 12-15cm of air intake branch.
It is provided with compression pump between air preheat station and inlet manifold.
It is additionally provided with temperature sensor and ammonia concentration sensor in pig house, between air preheat station and inlet manifold, is provided with wind Machine, temperature sensor, ammonia concentration sensor and blower fan are all connected with controller.
Go out gas branch pipe and be provided with electromagnetic valve.
Go out gas branch pipe end and stretch out pig house top, stretch to aerial.
Connection one end, corridor is provided with stercoroma pond, goes out gas branch pipe end and stretches to above stercoroma pond in the air.
Relative to prior art, the present invention first passes through air preheat station and is preheated by cold air, and then fresh air is from even Underground, corridor further heats up, and then elevates above the soil, and turns back above inside pig house, and temperature further walks rising, finally props up from air inlet On pipe, the venthole of distribution is given vent to anger, and heats up through three times, and cold air moves closer to temperature in pig house;In pig house, air pollution is from excrement Groove end enters and is positioned at connection corridor underground and gives vent to anger house steward, then go out gas branch pipe end stretch out from pig house ceiling stretch to aerial, class Like the structure of chimney, the air pollution such as ammonia is discharged from going out gas branch pipe end;Air inflow and gas output maintain balance, air inlet substantially Temperature is also substantially close to temperature in pig house, and result had both achieved pig house and ventilated, and the rapid drawdown because of ventilation of pig house temperature will not occur again Thus cause pig sick or impact growth.Inlet manifold and the design of air intake branch Zigzag type make cold air heat up and rely on pig house Temperature, reduces air preheat station preheating energy and consumes.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is planar structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
As it is shown in figure 1, a kind of pig house environmental control system in winter, including along the connection corridor 1 equally distributed airtight pig house of lateral symmetry 2, connection corridor is enclosed construction, and connection one end, corridor is provided with air preheat station 3, and vestibule 1 below ground is equipped with inlet manifold 4, air inlet House steward's end connects air intake branch 5, and inlet manifold 4 extends to from one end, air preheat station join corridor 1 other end, elevates above the soil to pig Giving up 2 inner upper, air intake branch 5 is turned back above the inside pig house of vestibule both sides, and venthole 6 is distributed on air intake branch 5;Pig house Ground is provided with crevice board and floor heating device, is provided with excrement groove below crevice board, and excrement groove is perpendicular to join corridor and extends to join below corridor, pig house Excrement groove end is given vent to anger house steward 7, and the house steward 7 that gives vent to anger connects gas branch pipe 8, and the house steward that gives vent to anger is positioned at connection corridor underground, goes out gas branch pipe End stretches in the air.
Inlet manifold and air intake branch are pvc pipe, a diameter of 30-35cm of inlet manifold, a diameter of 12-of air intake branch 15cm。
It is provided with compression pump between air preheat station and inlet manifold.When air inlet is not smooth, increase air inlet pressure by compression pump Power, makes air inlet smooth and easy.
It is additionally provided with temperature sensor and ammonia concentration sensor in pig house, between air preheat station and inlet manifold, is provided with wind Machine, temperature sensor, ammonia concentration sensor and blower fan are all connected with controller.China non-nuisance GB18407.3 specifies, In livestock and poultry farm quality of air environment index, ammonia standard is: place < 5 mg/m3, pig house < 20 mg/m3, cowshed < 15 mg/m3.If Fixed temperature > 18 DEG C, and ammonia concentration > 20 mg/m in pig house3Time, controller controls blower fan and rotates, increases FAI Fresh Air Intake Amount, corresponding promotion air pollution is discharged, thus the air quality in maintaining pig house is good.
Go out gas branch pipe and be provided with electromagnetic valve.
Go out gas branch pipe end and stretch out pig house top, stretch to aerial.When indoor temperature is higher than outdoor temperature, Indoor Thermal air Because density is little, just naturally rise along these vertical channels, from chimney port discharge, outdoor cold air preheating station preheat after, Enter pig house through inlet manifold, air intake branch, form stack effect.
Vestibule one end is provided with stercoroma pond 9, goes out gas branch pipe end and can also stretch to above stercoroma pond in the air.North of china in winter Indoor/outdoor temperature-difference is very big, and the house steward that gives vent to anger is above stercoroma pond, and the air pollution of discharge transfers heat to stercoroma pond, prevents from amassing Fecaluria low temperature in manure pit freezes, thus affects the fecaluria in excrement groove and discharge.
The work process of the present invention is as follows: first passing through air preheat station and preheated by cold air, then fresh air is from connection Underground, corridor further heats up, and then elevates above the soil, and turns back above inside pig house, and temperature further walks rising, finally props up from air inlet On pipe, the venthole of distribution is given vent to anger, and heats up through three times, and cold air moves closer to temperature in pig house;In pig house, air pollution is from excrement Groove end enters and is positioned at vestibule underground and gives vent to anger house steward, then go out gas branch pipe end stretch out from pig house ceiling stretch to aerial, class Like the structure of chimney, the air pollution such as ammonia is discharged from going out gas branch pipe end;Air inflow and gas output maintain balance, air inlet substantially Temperature is also substantially close to temperature in pig house, and result had both achieved pig house and ventilated, and the rapid drawdown because of ventilation of pig house temperature will not occur again Thus cause pig sick or impact growth.Inlet manifold and the design of air intake branch Zigzag type make cold air heat up and rely on pig house Temperature, reduces the energy expenditure during preheated air of air preheat station.
Above-described is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention, it is noted that for a person skilled in the art, Without departing under general idea premise of the present invention, it is also possible to making some changes and improvements, these also should be considered as the present invention's Protection domain.

Claims (8)

1. a pig house environmental control system in winter, it is characterised in that: include along the connection corridor equally distributed airtight pig house of lateral symmetry, connection Corridor is enclosed construction, and connection one end, corridor is provided with air preheat station, and connection corridor below ground is equipped with inlet manifold, inlet manifold's end Connecting air intake branch, inlet manifold extends to from one end, air preheat station join the corridor other end, elevates above the soil above inside pig house, Air intake branch is turned back above the inside pig house of connection both sides, corridor, and venthole is distributed on air intake branch;Pig house ground is provided with crevice board, Being provided with excrement groove below crevice board, excrement groove is perpendicular to join corridor and extends to join below corridor, and pig house excrement groove end is given vent to anger house steward, gives vent to anger total Pipe connects gas branch pipe, and the house steward that gives vent to anger is positioned at connection corridor underground, goes out gas branch pipe end and stretches in the air.
Pig house environmental control system in winter the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: inlet manifold and air intake branch are pvc pipe.
Pig house environmental control system in winter the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: a diameter of 30-35cm of inlet manifold, air inlet The a diameter of 12-15cm of arm.
Pig house environmental control system in winter the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: set between air preheat station and inlet manifold There is compression pump.
Pig house environmental control system in winter the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: it is additionally provided with temperature sensor and ammonia in pig house Gas concentration sensor, is provided with blower fan, temperature sensor, ammonia concentration sensor and blower fan between air preheat station and inlet manifold All it is connected with controller.
Pig house environmental control system in winter the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: go out gas branch pipe and be provided with electromagnetic valve.
Pig house environmental control system in winter the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: go out gas branch pipe end and stretch out pig house top, Stretch to aerial.
Pig house environmental control system in winter the most according to claim 1, it is characterised in that: connection one end, corridor is provided with stercoroma pond, gives vent to anger and props up Pipe end stretches to above stercoroma pond in the air.
CN201610641796.8A 2016-08-08 2016-08-08 A kind of pig house environmental control system in winter Pending CN106069802A (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610641796.8A CN106069802A (en) 2016-08-08 2016-08-08 A kind of pig house environmental control system in winter

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610641796.8A CN106069802A (en) 2016-08-08 2016-08-08 A kind of pig house environmental control system in winter

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CN106069802A true CN106069802A (en) 2016-11-09

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110583493A (en) * 2019-10-25 2019-12-20 东北农业大学 Pig house ventilation unit
CN111528106A (en) * 2020-05-19 2020-08-14 孙洁 Cowshed

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN110583493A (en) * 2019-10-25 2019-12-20 东北农业大学 Pig house ventilation unit
CN110583493B (en) * 2019-10-25 2021-06-22 东北农业大学 Pig house ventilation unit
CN111528106A (en) * 2020-05-19 2020-08-14 孙洁 Cowshed

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