CN106040362B - A kind of building waste pulverizer - Google Patents

A kind of building waste pulverizer Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106040362B
CN106040362B CN201610563719.5A CN201610563719A CN106040362B CN 106040362 B CN106040362 B CN 106040362B CN 201610563719 A CN201610563719 A CN 201610563719A CN 106040362 B CN106040362 B CN 106040362B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
crushing
shaft
drive shaft
hopper
along
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610563719.5A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN106040362A (en
Inventor
刘朝中
王红
祝林林
Original Assignee
黄河科技学院
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Priority to CN201610563719.5A priority Critical patent/CN106040362B/en
Publication of CN106040362A publication Critical patent/CN106040362A/en
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Publication of CN106040362B publication Critical patent/CN106040362B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/20Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills with two or more co-operating rotors
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B01PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL
    • B01DSEPARATION
    • B01D47/00Separating dispersed particles from gases, air or vapours by liquid as separating agent
    • B01D47/06Spray cleaning
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/28Shape or construction of beater elements
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/282Shape or inner surface of mill-housings
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/30Driving mechanisms
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/142Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with two or more inter-engaging rotatable cutter assemblies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C13/00Disintegrating by mills having rotary beater elements ; Hammer mills
    • B02C13/26Details
    • B02C13/28Shape or construction of beater elements
    • B02C2013/2812Shape or construction of beater elements the beater elements are attached to a hollow cylindrical rotor

Abstract

A kind of building waste pulverizer, including rack, rack left part is equipped with power-driven system, the power output end of power-driven system is sequentially connected with the crushing material system on the right side of power-driven system, crushing material system is fixed in rack, rack is equipped with the automatic spray dust falling system in front of at crushing material system feeding, and the spray portion of automatic spray dust falling system is located in crushing material system, and rack side is equipped with sedimentation basin.The present invention realizes the Synchronous Transmission of final drive shaft and counter drive shaft by power-driven system, the dust of crushing process generation is effectively reduced by automatic spray dust falling system, and realize recycling for current, the crushing of material is realized by crushing material system, so as to being recycled to building waste, using above device is easy to operate, working stability, good crushing effect, improves salvage value, reduces production cost and energy conservation and environmental protection.

Description

A kind of building waste pulverizer
Technical field
The invention belongs to building waste processing equipment technical field, more particularly to a kind of building waste pulverizer.
Background technology
Building waste refers to that construction, unit in charge of construction or individual build all kinds of buildings, structures, pipe network etc., spread If or remove, produce to obtain dregs, spoir, rejected material, remaining mud and other discarded objects in reparative processes.The main component of building waste is Brick, sandstone, servant quarters soil etc..As reconstruction of the old city town, villages within the city remove, road is rebuild, building waste is more and more, however, big portion Building waste is divided just to transport countryside or rural area, air storage or landfill to without any processing by unit in charge of construction, consume substantial amounts of sign With pork barrels such as land charges, refuse collection expenses, meanwhile, clear to fly upward etc. with dust, sand-lime with dropping in stacking process and ask Topic causes serious environmental pollution again;At present, generated after treatment again in building waste resource regeneration field, building waste Raw aggregate, can use as regeneration concrete, and wherein regeneration aggregate quality restricts the quality of regeneration concrete, by Regenerated Bone Debris and surfaces stick powder in material are peeled away, and can greatly promote the quality of regeneration concrete, at present, then production-goods The source domain not targetedly removal of equipment progress surfaces stick powder, it will usually carry out table using impact crusher The processing of face adhesion powder, but using above device yield rate is low, waste utilization rate is low and it is more to produce dust, pollution Environment, wastes raw material.
The content of the invention
The present invention is in order to solve shortcoming of the prior art, there is provided a kind of easy to operate, working stability, crushing effect Good, effective dust reduced in crushing process, can recycle building waste, reduce production cost, improve waste Utilization rate, energy-saving and environment-friendly building waste pulverizer.
In order to solve the above technical problems, the present invention adopts the following technical scheme that:A kind of building waste pulverizer, including machine Frame, rack left part are equipped with power-driven system, and the power output end of power-driven system is sequentially connected with positioned at power drive Crushing material system on the right side of system, crushing material system are fixed in rack, rack be equipped with positioned at crushing material system into Automatic spray dust falling system in front of at material, the spray portion of automatic spray dust falling system are located in crushing material system, rack one Side is equipped with sedimentation basin;
Rack includes two longerons being parallel to each other, and two longerons are set along left and right horizontal direction, between two longerons Uniform intervals are provided with some crossbeams along its length, and two longeron lower surfaces are respectively separated along its length is connected with flexible branch Frame, telescope support is including being fixed on the support tube of the telescopic mast and support of crossbeam lower surface on the ground, the vertical side in telescopic mast edge To being plugged in support tube, the horizontal support plate for being equipped with surface area and being more than support tube cross-sectional area in support tube lower end, on support tube Uniform intervals offer limit hole from top to bottom, offer mounting hole on telescopic mast, right in mounting hole and one of limit hole Bayonet lock should be inserted with;Lifting hydraulic cylinder, the piston rod top of lifting hydraulic cylinder are equipped with below two longeron left parts and right part End is hinged on longeron lower surface, and the cylinder body lower end of lifting hydraulic cylinder is contacted with ground;
Power-driven system includes protective shell, and protective shell side offers some heat emission holes, driving tooth is equipped with protective shell The structure and size of wheel, driven gear, driving motor and the gear reducer positioned at driving motor side, driving gear and driven gear All same, drives the power output end of motor to be equipped with driving pulley, the power intake of gear reducer is equipped with driven pulley, main belt Wheel is sequentially connected by belt and driven pulley;
Crushing material system include along left and right horizontal direction set hopper, hopper is in rectangular parallelepiped structure, if hopper by The dry vertically disposed connecting plate of root is connected with longeron, and hopper left side top is equipped with feed hopper, and hopper bottom right side is equipped with discharge bucket, Feed hopper and discharge bucket are connected with hopper inner cavity, and hopper inner cavity is interval with final drive shaft and auxiliary driving along the longitudinal direction Axis, final drive shaft and counter drive shaft are set along left and right horizontal direction, and on the left of hopper and right side is respectively equipped with two bearing blocks, and four A bearing block is fixedly connected with rack, and the left and right ends of final drive shaft are rotatably connected on two or so pairs by bearing respectively In the bearing block answered, the left and right ends of counter drive shaft are rotatably connected on the corresponding bearing block in two other left and right by bearing respectively Interior, for two bearing seats on the left of hopper in protective shell, the left end of final drive shaft and counter drive shaft is pierced by bearing block to the left, Driving gear is installed on final drive shaft left part, and the power output shaft of gear reducer is sequentially connected by shaft coupling and final drive shaft, Driven gear is installed on counter drive shaft left part, and driving gear and driven gear are connected by meshing transmission;Final drive shaft and auxiliary driving At least three group of first shredder assemblies are interval with axis along its length, at least two are equipped between the first shredder assemblies of two adjacent groups The second shredder assemblies of group;
Automatic spray dust falling system includes inlet tube, outlet tube, separating tube, purifying box and two spray tubes, on purifying box Portion is in rectangular parallelepiped structure, and purification lower box part pyramidal structure small under presenting greatly, purifying box top surface is equipped with water pump, the water inlet of water pump It is connected with the water outlet of inlet tube, the water outlet of water pump is connected with purifying box, is equipped with the rectangular parallelepiped structure of purifying box upper Filter screen, for the rectangular parallelepiped structure of purifying box with being equipped with lower filter screen in pyramidal structure junction, upper filter screen and lower filter screen will By-pass filtration room, secondary filtration room and water purifying chamber are divided into inside purifying box from top to bottom, purifying box lower end is connected with outlet tube Logical, outlet tube is equipped with booster pump and solenoid valve, and the outlet tube other end is connected with threeway, wherein separating tube and a spray tube point It is not connected with an interface of threeway, the water outlet of separating tube is connected with another spray tube, and two spray tubes are along preceding In the horizontally arranged afterwards and hopper top inner wall that is located at interval on the right side of feed hopper, two spray tubes are equal along its length respectively Even to be interval with some nozzles, the injection direction of nozzle is set downward;Discharge bucket is connected by conveying pipeline with sedimentation basin, conveying Pipe is equipped with slush pump, and the water inlet of inlet tube extend into the top of sedimentation basin.
Some access holes being equipped with the right side of feed hopper are spaced apart at the top of hopper along its length, are set on each access hole Access cover is equipped with, the upper surface of each access cover is fixedly connected with handle.
Final drive shaft and counter drive shaft include hollow shaft, left short axle and right short axle, and the right part of left short axle is inserted into sky It is fixedly connected in the left part of mandrel and by left latch with hollow shaft, the left part of right short axle is inserted into the right part of hollow shaft Interior and be fixedly connected by right pin with hollow shaft, the first shredder assemblies and the second shredder assemblies are arranged in hollow shaft, left Short axle and right short axle are rotatablely connected by bearing and bearing block respectively.
First shredder assemblies include four crushing vanes, and each crushing vane has been fixedly connected with connecting shaft, every connection Axis is inserted perpendicularly into along the radial direction of hollow shaft and is pierced by hollow shaft, and the end thread of connecting shaft is connected with to be crimped with hollow shaft Locking nut, four crushing vanes are along the axis direction interval of hollow shaft and twist set, two neighboring connecting shaft phase Mutually vertical, two spaced connecting shafts are parallel to each other, and two spaced crushing vanes are opposite positioned at hollow shaft respectively Both sides, the radial section of plane and hollow shaft where each crushing vane is in 25 ° of -30 ° of angles, and each crushing vane inclines Tilted direction all same, the main body of each crushing vane is in sector structure, and each crushing vane divides along the same side of direction of rotation She You not be in the crushing block of integrative-structure with crushing vane, the wedge shaped structure of crushing block, the side of wedge structure is arranged to blade Structure.
Second shredder assemblies include casing and alloy blade, and alloy blade is fixedly connected along casing circumferencial direction uniform intervals In the middle part of sleeve outer wall, each alloy blade is sector plate structure, the axis of plane and casing where each alloy blade Vertically, casing is arranged and is fixed in hollow shaft.
The hollow shaft of final drive shaft and counter drive shaft is equipped with the guide blade above discharge bucket, the knot of guide blade Structure is identical with crushing vane, and guide blade is by connecting shaft and hollow axis connection, the center line of connecting shaft and the axis of hollow shaft Vertically, the radial section of the plane where guide blade and hollow shaft is in 25 ° of -30 ° of angles, and guide blade and crushing vane incline Tilted direction is opposite.
Purify that chamber interior wall is horizontal respectively to be equipped with and upper filter screen and the lower corresponding sliding slot of filter screen, upper filter screen and lower mistake Strainer is slidably connected on purification chamber interior wall by slide respectively, and level is offered positioned at upper filter screen respectively on purification box outer wall With the mounting groove at lower filter screen, sealing cover is connected with mounting groove, sealing cover is equipped with sealing ring with mounting groove junction, sealing Lid is fixedly connected on purification box outer wall by attachment screw.
Be respectively separated on the inner wall in hopper bottom surface and front and rear sides face equipped with some grinding blocks, the spacing between grinding block from From left to right is sequentially reduced.
Using above-mentioned technical proposal, the present invention has the advantages that:
1st, the present invention realizes the Synchronous Transmission of final drive shaft and counter drive shaft by power-driven system, passes through automatic spray Dust falling system effectively reduces the dust of crushing process generation, and realizes recycling for current, real by crushing material system The crushing of existing material, so as to be recycled to building waste, using above device is easy to operate, working stability, crushes and imitates Fruit is good, improve salvage value, reduces production cost and energy conservation and environmental protection.
2nd, the concrete operating principle that the present invention crushes material is:Start driving motor, driving motor is passed by band Dynamic to drive gear reducer operating, the power output end of gear reducer drives final drive shaft to rotate, and at this time, driving gear and driven gear are nibbled Transmission is closed, so as to drive counter drive shaft to rotate, since driving gear is identical with size with the structure of driven gear so that main transmission Axis and counter drive shaft rotate synchronously and then material on the contrary, be put into hopper by direction from feed hopper, start to material into Row crushes, and final drive shaft and counter drive shaft rotate and drive the first shredder assemblies and the second shredder assemblies quick rotation to carry out material Cutting and grinding, the first shredder assemblies are twist arranged by four crushing vanes, so as to produce vortex simultaneously during rotation Material is promoted to be flowed to discharge bucket direction, each crushing vane is equipped with shredder head, and shredder head carries out primary comminution to material;The The alloy blade of two shredder assemblies carries out material further crush and forms two level crushing;Finally under the action of guide blade So that the material after crushing is discharged from discharge bucket;It is respectively separated on the inner wall in hopper bottom surface and front and rear sides face equipped with some Grinding block, material is under the action of grinding block so that the material particles after crushing are more round and smooth so that crushing effect carries significantly It is high;Regeneration aggregate is generated after carrying out pulverization process to building waste using above-mentioned crushing material system, the quality of its regeneration aggregate It is significantly increased, it is re-used as regeneration concrete.
3rd, the concrete operating principle of automatic spray dust falling system of the invention is:Start water pump by inlet tube from sedimentation basin Inside draw water, water flows through inlet tube and is passed into purifying box, enters water purifying chamber through by-pass filtration room, secondary filtration room, current exist , will be miscellaneous in current under the action of upper filter screen and lower filter screen during by-pass filtration room and secondary filtration room Matter removes, and it is the current after filtered removal of impurities to eventually arrive at the indoor current of water purification, by purified current in booster pump Under effect, it is flowed into by outlet tube through threeway in two spray tubes, during crushing material, water flows through each on spray tube A nozzle sprays, so as to have the function that to reduce dust, the water mist sprayed into hopper rotates the whirlpool produced in the first shredder assemblies Under stream effect, promoted with vortex to discharge bucket direction, so that with each section of generation mix dust, reach dust removing effects, by nozzle Spray into material in water finally mix with the material after crushing from discharge bucket discharge, the mixture of discharge in the pasty state, in mud Sedimentation basin is delivered to through conveying pipeline under the action of stock pump, is precipitated through sedimentation basin, the water in it can reuse, and be pumped into through water pump In purifying box, formation recycles;In addition, when upper filter screen and lower filter screen need cleaning due to blocking, connection spiral shell is backed out Nail, opens sealing cover, upper filter screen or lower filter screen is extracted out out of mounting groove, reloaded after cleaning in purifying box, It is convenient to clean replacing with filter screen and lower filter screen using the above structure.
4th, the present invention can adjust the height of each telescope support according to needs of production, so as to adjust the inclination of rack Angle, accelerates or reduces speed of production, specific adjusting process is:When needing to accelerate speed of production, first by each telescope support Telescopic mast and support tube between bayonet lock extraction, the lifting hydraulic cylinder below rack supports whole device, start bit In the lifting hydraulic cylinder of rack left part, the piston rod of the lifting hydraulic cylinder moves up, so that rack left part is raised above, Whole device is tilted in right low left high, while heightens the rotating speed of driving motor, increases the rotating speed of final drive shaft and counter drive shaft, from And accelerate speed of production, it will be inserted at this time in the limit hole corresponding with support tube of the mounting hole on the telescopic mast of each telescope support Bayonet lock, so that each telescope support, which is fixed, supports whole device;When needing to reduce speed of production, first by each flexible branch Bayonet lock extraction between the telescopic mast and support tube of frame, the lifting hydraulic cylinder below rack support whole device, start Positioned at the lifting hydraulic cylinder of rack right part, the piston rod of the lifting hydraulic cylinder moves up, so that rack right part ramps up Rise, whole device is in inclination with left lower than right, while reduces the rotating speed of driving motor, reduces turn of final drive shaft and counter drive shaft Speed, so that speed of production is reduced, at this time by the limit hole corresponding with support tube of the mounting hole on the telescopic mast of each telescope support Interior insertion bayonet lock, so that each telescope support, which is fixed, supports whole device;Under normal circumstances, the height of each telescope support is protected Hold unanimously, whole device is placed along left and right horizontal direction.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the main structure diagram of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the left view structural representation of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram of power-driven system and purifying box in the present invention;
Fig. 4 is the enlarged drawing at A in Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is the structure diagram of final drive shaft in the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the dimensional structure diagram inside hopper in the present invention;
Fig. 7 is the left view structural representation of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the structure diagram of crushing vane in the present invention;
Fig. 9 is the dimensional structure diagram of the second shredder assemblies in the present invention.
Embodiment
As shown in figs 1-9, a kind of building waste pulverizer of the invention, including rack, rack left part are driven equipped with power Dynamic system, the power output end of power-driven system are sequentially connected with the crushing material system on the right side of power-driven system, Crushing material system is fixed in rack, and rack is equipped with the automatic spray depositing dust system in front of at crushing material system feeding System, the spray portion of automatic spray dust falling system are located in crushing material system, and rack side is equipped with sedimentation basin 1.
Rack includes two longerons 2 being parallel to each other, and two longerons 2 are set along left and right horizontal direction, two longerons 2 it Between along its length uniform intervals be provided with some crossbeams 3, two 2 lower surfaces of longeron are respectively separated to be connected with along its length and stretch Contracting stent 4, telescope support 4 is including being fixed on the support tube 6 of the telescopic mast 5 and support of 3 lower surface of crossbeam on the ground, telescopic mast 5 are vertically plugged in support tube 6, the horizontal support for being equipped with surface area and being more than support tube cross-sectional area in 6 lower end of support tube Plate 59, uniform intervals offer limit hole 7 from top to bottom on support tube 6, offer mounting hole on telescopic mast 5, mounting hole and its In in a limit hole 7 corresponding inserted have bayonet lock 8;Lifting hydraulic cylinder 9 is equipped with below two 2 left parts of longeron and right part, The piston rod top of lifting hydraulic cylinder 9 is hinged on 2 lower surface of longeron, and the cylinder body lower end of lifting hydraulic cylinder 9 is contacted with ground.
Power-driven system includes protective shell 10, and 10 side of protective shell offers some heat emission holes 11, set in protective shell 10 There are driving gear 12, driven gear 13, driving motor 14 and the gear reducer 15 positioned at 14 side of driving motor, 12 He of driving gear The structure and size all same of driven gear 13, the power output end of driving motor 14 are equipped with driving pulley 16, gear reducer 15 Power intake is equipped with driven pulley 17, and driving pulley 16 is sequentially connected by belt 18 and driven pulley 17.
Crushing material system includes the hopper 19 set along left and right horizontal direction, and hopper 19 is in rectangular parallelepiped structure, hopper 19 It is connected by some vertically disposed connecting plates 20 with longeron 2,19 left side top of hopper is equipped with feed hopper 21, the right side of hopper 19 Bottom is equipped with discharge bucket 22, and feed hopper 21 and discharge bucket 22 are connected with 19 inner cavity of hopper, and 19 inner cavity of hopper is along the longitudinal direction Final drive shaft 23 and counter drive shaft 24 are interval with, final drive shaft 23 and counter drive shaft 24 are set along left and right horizontal direction, material The left side of case 19 and right side are respectively equipped with two bearing blocks 25, and four bearing blocks 25 are fixedly connected with rack, final drive shaft 23 Left and right ends be rotatably connected on respectively by bearing in two or so corresponding bearing blocks 25, the left and right ends of counter drive shaft 24 It is rotatably connected on respectively by bearing in the corresponding bearing block 25 in two other left and right, two bearing blocks 25 in the left side of hopper 19 In in protective shell 10, the left end of final drive shaft 23 and counter drive shaft 24 is pierced by bearing block 25 to the left, and driving gear 12 is installed on 23 left part of final drive shaft, the power output shaft of gear reducer 15 are sequentially connected by shaft coupling 26 and final drive shaft 23, driven tooth Wheel 13 is installed on 24 left part of counter drive shaft, and driving gear 12 and driven gear 13 are connected by meshing transmission;Final drive shaft 23 and pair At least three group of first shredder assemblies 27 are interval with transmission shaft 24 along its length, between the first shredder assemblies of two adjacent groups 27 Equipped with least two group of second shredder assemblies 28.
Automatic spray dust falling system includes inlet tube 29, outlet tube 30, separating tube, purifying box 31 and two spray tubes 32, 31 top of purifying box is in rectangular parallelepiped structure, and 31 lower part of purifying box is in up big and down small pyramidal structure, and 31 top surface of purifying box is equipped with water Pump 33, the water inlet of water pump 33 is connected with the water outlet of inlet tube 29, and the water outlet of water pump 33 is connected with purifying box 31, only Change in the rectangular parallelepiped structure of case 31 and be equipped with upper filter screen 34, the rectangular parallelepiped structure of purifying box 31 in pyramidal structure junction with being equipped with Lower filter screen 35, upper filter screen 34 and lower filter screen 35 will be divided into by-pass filtration room 36, two from top to bottom inside purifying box 31 Level filter chamber 37 and water purifying chamber 38,31 lower end of purifying box are connected with outlet tube 30, and outlet tube 30 is equipped with booster pump 39 and electricity Magnet valve 40,30 other end of outlet tube are connected with threeway 41, separating tube and wherein a spray tube 32 one with threeway 41 respectively Interface is connected, and the water outlet of separating tube is connected with another spray tube 32(Separating tube is blocked by threeway 41 in figure, is not shown Go out), two spray tubes 32 set along anterior-posterior horizontal direction and are located at interval in 19 top inner wall of hopper on the right side of feed hopper 21, Uniform intervals are equipped with some nozzles 42 to two spray tubes 32 along its length respectively, and the injection direction of nozzle 42 is set downward;Go out Hopper 22 is connected by conveying pipeline 60 with sedimentation basin 1, and conveying pipeline 60 is equipped with slush pump 61, and the water inlet of inlet tube 29 stretches into To the top of sedimentation basin 1.
The top of hopper 19 is spaced apart some access holes 43 being equipped with positioned at the right side of feed hopper 21, each maintenance along its length Access cover 44 is provided with mouth 43, the upper surface of each access cover 44 is fixedly connected with handle 45.
Final drive shaft 23 and counter drive shaft 24 include hollow shaft 46, left short axle 47 and right short axle 48, the right side of left short axle 47 End is inserted into the left part of hollow shaft 46 and is fixedly connected by left latch 62 with hollow shaft 46, the left part of right short axle 48 It is inserted into the right part of hollow shaft 46 and is fixedly connected by right pin 63 with hollow shaft 46, the first shredder assemblies 27 and second Shredder assemblies 28 are arranged in hollow shaft 46, and left short axle 47 and right short axle 48 are rotated by bearing and bearing block 25 respectively to be connected Connect.
First shredder assemblies 27 include four crushing vanes 49, and each crushing vane 49 has been fixedly connected with connecting shaft 50, Every connecting shaft 50 is inserted perpendicularly into along the radial direction of hollow shaft 46 and is pierced by hollow shaft 46, and the end thread of connecting shaft 50 connects It is connected to the locking nut 51 crimped with hollow shaft 46, four crushing vanes 49 are along the axis direction interval of hollow shaft 46 and helically Shape is set, and two neighboring connecting shaft 50 is mutually perpendicular to, and two spaced connecting shafts 50 are parallel to each other, and two spaced Crushing vane 49 is respectively positioned at the radial direction of plane and hollow shaft 46 where the opposite both sides of hollow shaft 46, each crushing vane 49 Section is in 25 ° of -30 ° of angles, and the incline direction all same of each crushing vane 49, the main body of each crushing vane 49 is in fan-shaped knot Structure, the same side of each crushing vane 49 along direction of rotation are respectively equipped with the crushing block with crushing vane 49 in integrative-structure 52,52 wedge shaped structure of crushing block, the side of wedge structure is arranged to edge structure.
Second shredder assemblies 28 include casing 53 and alloy blade 54, alloy blade 54 along 53 circumferencial direction of casing it is uniform between Every being fixedly connected in the middle part of 53 outer wall of casing, each alloy blade 54 is sector plate structure, where each alloy blade 54 Plane is vertical with the axis of casing 53, and casing 53 is arranged and is fixed in hollow shaft 46.
The hollow shaft 46 of final drive shaft 23 and counter drive shaft 24 is equipped with the guide blade 55 positioned at the top of discharge bucket 22, leads Expect that the structure of blade 55 is identical with crushing vane 49, guide blade 55 is connected by connecting shaft 50 with hollow shaft 46, connecting shaft 50 Center line it is vertical with the axis of hollow shaft 46, the radial section of plane where guide blade 55 and hollow shaft 46 in 25 °- 30 ° of angles, guide blade 55 are opposite with the incline direction of crushing vane 49.
31 inner wall of purifying box is horizontal respectively to be equipped with and 35 corresponding sliding slot of upper filter screen 34 and lower filter screen, upper filter screen 34 and lower filter screen 35 be slidably connected at respectively by slide 56 on 31 inner wall of purifying box, level is opened respectively on 31 outer wall of purifying box Equipped with the mounting groove at upper filter screen 34 and lower filter screen 35, sealing cover 57, sealing cover 57 and peace are connected with mounting groove Tankage junction is equipped with sealing ring 64, and sealing cover 57 is fixedly connected on 31 outer wall of purifying box by attachment screw.
It is respectively separated on the inner wall in 19 bottom surface of hopper and front and rear sides face equipped with some grinding blocks 58, between grinding block 58 Spacing is sequentially reduced from left to right.
The present invention the course of work be:According to needs of production, the height of each telescope support 4 is adjusted, so as to adjust machine The angle of inclination of frame, accelerates or reduces speed of production, specific adjusting process is:, first will be each when needing to accelerate speed of production Bayonet lock 8 between the telescopic mast 5 and support tube 6 of telescope support 4 is extracted out, and the lifting hydraulic cylinder 9 below rack supports whole A device, starts the lifting hydraulic cylinder 9 positioned at rack left part, the piston rod of the lifting hydraulic cylinder 9 moves up, so that rack Left part is raised above, and whole device is tilted in right low left high, so as to accelerate speed of production, stretching each telescope support 4 at this time Insertion bayonet lock 8 in mounting hole limit hole 7 corresponding with support tube 6 on contracting column 5, so that each telescope support 4 fixes branch Prop up whole device;When needing to reduce speed of production, first by the card between the telescopic mast 5 and support tube 6 of each telescope support 4 Pin 8 is extracted out, and the lifting hydraulic cylinder 9 below rack supports whole device, starts the lifting hydraulic cylinder positioned at rack right part 9, the piston rod of the lifting hydraulic cylinder 9 moves up, so that rack right part is raised above, whole device is inclined in left lower than right Tiltedly, it is at this time that the mounting hole on the telescopic mast 5 of each telescope support 4 is corresponding with support tube 6 spacing so as to reduce speed of production Insertion bayonet lock 8 in hole 7, so that each telescope support 4, which is fixed, supports whole device;Under normal circumstances, each telescope support 4 Highly it is consistent, whole device is placed along left and right horizontal direction.
When proceeding by materiel machining, start driving motor 14 first, driving motor 14 drives gear reducer by V belt translation 15 operatings, the power output end of gear reducer 15 drive final drive shaft 23 to rotate, and at this time, driving gear 12 and driven gear 13 engage Transmission, so as to drive counter drive shaft 24 to rotate, since driving gear 12 is identical with size with the structure of driven gear 13 so that main Transmission shaft 23 and counter drive shaft 24 rotate synchronously and then material on the contrary, be put into hopper 19 by direction from feed hopper 21, Start to crush material, final drive shaft 23 and counter drive shaft 24 rotate and drive the first shredder assemblies 27 and the second shredder assemblies 28 quick rotations carry out cutting and grinding to material, and the first shredder assemblies 27 are twist arranged by four crushing vanes 49, so that Produced during rotation and be vortexed and promote material to be flowed to 22 direction of discharge bucket, each crushing vane 49, which is equipped with, to be crushed Head, shredder head carry out primary comminution to material;The alloy blade 54 of second shredder assemblies 28 further crushes material Two level is formed to crush;Finally the material under the action of guide blade 55 so that after crushing is discharged from discharge bucket 22.
During to crushing material, at the same time to carrying out spray dust in hopper 19, it has automatic spray dust falling system Body running principle is:Start water pump 33 to draw water out of sedimentation basin 1 by inlet tube 29, water flows through inlet tube 29 and is passed into purifying box In 31, water purifying chamber 38 is entered through by-pass filtration room 36, secondary filtration room 37, current are by way of by-pass filtration room 36 and two level mistake During filter chamber 37, under the action of upper filter screen 34 and lower filter screen 35, the impurity in current is removed, is eventually arrived at net Current in hydroecium 38 are the current after filtered removal of impurities, by purified current under the action of booster pump 39, by going out liquid Pipe 30 is flowed into two spray tubes 32 through threeway 41, and during crushing material, water flows through each spray on spray tube 32 First 42 spray, so as to have the function that to reduce dust, the water mist sprayed into hopper 19 rotates what is produced in the first shredder assemblies 27 Under eddy current effect, promoted with vortex to 22 direction of discharge bucket, so that with each section of generation mix dust, reach dust removing effects, by The water that nozzle 42 is sprayed into material is finally mixed from discharge bucket 22 with the material after crushing discharges, and the mixture of discharge is in paste Shape, sedimentation basin 1 is delivered under the action of slush pump 61 through conveying pipeline 60, is precipitated through sedimentation basin 1, and the water in it can repeat profit With through in the suction purifying box 31 of water pump 33, formation recycles.
The present embodiment is not the limitations of work in any form such as the shape to the present invention, material, structure, every according to this hair Any simple modification, equivalent change and modification that bright technical spirit makees above example, belongs to the technology of the present invention side The protection domain of case.

Claims (6)

  1. A kind of 1. building waste pulverizer, it is characterised in that:Including rack, rack left part is equipped with power-driven system, power The power output end of drive system is sequentially connected with the crushing material system on the right side of power-driven system, crushing material system It is fixed in rack, rack is equipped with the automatic spray dust falling system in front of at crushing material system feeding, automatic spray The spray portion of dust falling system is located in crushing material system, and rack side is equipped with sedimentation basin;
    Rack includes two longerons being parallel to each other, and two longerons are set along left and right horizontal direction, along length between two longerons Degree direction uniform intervals are provided with some crossbeams, and two longeron lower surfaces are respectively separated are connected with telescope support along its length, Telescope support is vertically inserted including being fixed on the support tube of the telescopic mast and support of crossbeam lower surface on the ground, telescopic mast It is located in support tube, the horizontal support plate for being equipped with surface area and being more than support tube cross-sectional area in support tube lower end, from upper on support tube And lower uniform intervals offer limit hole, mounting hole is offered on telescopic mast, corresponds to and inserts in mounting hole and one of limit hole Equipped with bayonet lock;Lifting hydraulic cylinder, the piston rod top hinge of lifting hydraulic cylinder are equipped with below two longeron left parts and right part Longeron lower surface is connected on, the cylinder body lower end of lifting hydraulic cylinder is contacted with ground;
    Power-driven system includes protective shell, and protective shell side offers some heat emission holes, be equipped with protective shell driving gear, from Moving gear, driving motor and the gear reducer positioned at driving motor side, the structure and size of driving gear and driven gear are homogeneous Together, the power output end of motor is driven to be equipped with driving pulley, the power intake of gear reducer is equipped with driven pulley, and driving pulley leads to Belt is crossed to be sequentially connected with driven pulley;
    Crushing material system includes the hopper set along left and right horizontal direction, and hopper is in rectangular parallelepiped structure, and hopper passes through some Vertically disposed connecting plate is connected with longeron, and hopper left side top is equipped with feed hopper, and hopper bottom right side is equipped with discharge bucket, charging Bucket and discharge bucket are connected with hopper inner cavity, and hopper inner cavity is interval with final drive shaft and counter drive shaft along the longitudinal direction, main Transmission shaft and counter drive shaft are set along left and right horizontal direction, and on the left of hopper and right side is respectively equipped with two bearing blocks, four axis Bearing is fixedly connected with rack, the left and right ends of final drive shaft respectively by bearing be rotatably connected on two or so it is corresponding In bearing block, the left and right ends of counter drive shaft are rotatably connected in the corresponding bearing block in two other left and right by bearing respectively, For two bearing seats on the left of hopper in protective shell, the left end of final drive shaft and counter drive shaft is pierced by bearing block to the left, main Moving gear is installed on final drive shaft left part, and the power output shaft of gear reducer is sequentially connected by shaft coupling and final drive shaft, from Moving gear is installed on counter drive shaft left part, and driving gear and driven gear are connected by meshing transmission;Final drive shaft and counter drive shaft On be interval with least three group of first shredder assemblies along its length, at least two groups are equipped between the first shredder assemblies of two adjacent groups Second shredder assemblies;
    Automatic spray dust falling system includes inlet tube, outlet tube, separating tube, purifying box and two spray tubes, and purification upper box part is in Rectangular parallelepiped structure, purification lower box part present it is big under small pyramidal structure, purifying box top surface is equipped with water pump, the water inlet of water pump and into The water outlet of liquid pipe is connected, and the water outlet of water pump is connected with purifying box, and upper filtering is equipped with the rectangular parallelepiped structure of purifying box Net, the rectangular parallelepiped structure of purifying box will be purified with being equipped with lower filter screen, upper filter screen and lower filter screen in pyramidal structure junction By-pass filtration room, secondary filtration room and water purifying chamber are divided into inside case from top to bottom, purifying box lower end is connected with outlet tube, goes out Liquid pipe is equipped with booster pump and solenoid valve, and the outlet tube other end is connected with threeway, separating tube and wherein a spray tube respectively with One interface of threeway is connected, and the water outlet of separating tube is connected with another spray tube, and two spray tubes are along front and rear water Square to setting and be located at interval in the hopper top inner wall on the right side of feed hopper, two spray tubes respectively along its length uniformly between Set downward every the injection direction equipped with some nozzles, nozzle;Discharge bucket is connected by conveying pipeline with sedimentation basin, on conveying pipeline Equipped with slush pump, the water inlet of inlet tube extend into the top of sedimentation basin;
    Some access holes being equipped with the right side of feed hopper are spaced apart at the top of hopper along its length, are provided with each access hole Access cover, the upper surface of each access cover are fixedly connected with handle;
    Final drive shaft and counter drive shaft include hollow shaft, left short axle and right short axle, and the right part of left short axle is inserted into hollow shaft Left part in and be fixedly connected with hollow shaft by left latch, the left part of right short axle is inserted into the right part of hollow shaft simultaneously It is fixedly connected by right pin with hollow shaft, the first shredder assemblies and the second shredder assemblies are arranged in hollow shaft, left short axle It is rotatablely connected respectively by bearing and bearing block with right short axle.
  2. A kind of 2. building waste pulverizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:First shredder assemblies include four powder Broken blade, each crushing vane have been fixedly connected with connecting shaft, and every connecting shaft is inserted perpendicularly into along the radial direction of hollow shaft And hollow shaft is pierced by, the end thread of connecting shaft is connected with the locking nut crimped with hollow shaft, and four crushing vanes are along hollow The axis direction interval of axis is simultaneously twist set, and two neighboring connecting shaft is mutually perpendicular to, two spaced connecting shaft phases Mutually parallel, two spaced crushing vanes are respectively positioned at the opposite both sides of hollow shaft, the plane where each crushing vane Radial section with hollow shaft is in 25 ° of -30 ° of angles, the incline direction all same of each crushing vane, the master of each crushing vane Body is in sector structure, and the same side of each crushing vane along direction of rotation is respectively equipped with the powder with crushing vane in integrative-structure Fragment, the wedge shaped structure of crushing block, the side of wedge structure is arranged to edge structure.
  3. A kind of 3. building waste pulverizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Second shredder assemblies include casing and Alloy blade, alloy blade are fixedly connected in the middle part of sleeve outer wall along casing circumferencial direction uniform intervals, and each alloy blade is equal For sector plate structure, the plane where each alloy blade is vertical with the axis of casing, and casing is arranged and is fixed in hollow shaft.
  4. A kind of 4. building waste pulverizer according to claim 2, it is characterised in that:The sky of final drive shaft and counter drive shaft Mandrel is equipped with the guide blade above discharge bucket, and the structure of guide blade is identical with crushing vane, and guide blade passes through Connecting shaft and hollow axis connection, the center line of connecting shaft is vertical with the axis of hollow shaft, the plane where guide blade with it is hollow The radial section of axis is in 25 ° of -30 ° of angles, and guide blade is opposite with the incline direction of crushing vane.
  5. A kind of 5. building waste pulverizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Purification chamber interior wall difference level is equipped with With upper filter screen and the lower corresponding sliding slot of filter screen, upper filter screen and lower filter screen are slidably connected at purification by slide respectively On chamber interior wall, the horizontal mounting groove offered at upper filter screen and lower filter screen respectively is purified on box outer wall, in mounting groove Sealing cover is connected with, sealing cover is equipped with sealing ring with mounting groove junction, and sealing cover is fixedly connected on purification by attachment screw On box outer wall.
  6. A kind of 6. building waste pulverizer according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Hopper bottom surface and front and rear sides face It is respectively separated on inner wall equipped with some grinding blocks, the spacing between grinding block is sequentially reduced from left to right.
CN201610563719.5A 2016-07-18 2016-07-18 A kind of building waste pulverizer CN106040362B (en)

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CN108100540B (en) * 2017-12-18 2020-10-09 湖南纽恩驰新能源车辆有限公司 Can convertible dustbin and garbage truck
CN108452926B (en) * 2018-02-07 2020-06-19 枫林环保科技股份有限公司 Environment-friendly construction waste utilization equipment
CN108906284B (en) * 2018-06-22 2020-12-18 四川先舟建设工程有限公司 Building rubbish pulverizer
CN110831372A (en) * 2019-11-12 2020-02-21 徐州汉晨机械制造有限公司 Active heat dissipation control cabinet for slurry dry-type emission purification equipment

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JP2015181991A (en) * 2014-03-20 2015-10-22 Jfeスチール株式会社 Shredder facility for scrap, and exchange method for crushing hammer and inspection method for interior of facility
JP2015223527A (en) * 2014-05-26 2015-12-14 株式会社テクノミズホ Waste soil selection treatment device
CN204017902U (en) * 2014-08-21 2014-12-17 嘉兴元元节能建材有限公司 A kind of construction waste crusher
CN204768873U (en) * 2015-05-29 2015-11-18 吉林工商学院 Dual breaker of building rubbish
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