CN106023432A - Waste battery paid recovery device - Google Patents

Waste battery paid recovery device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106023432A
CN106023432A CN201610170823.8A CN201610170823A CN106023432A CN 106023432 A CN106023432 A CN 106023432A CN 201610170823 A CN201610170823 A CN 201610170823A CN 106023432 A CN106023432 A CN 106023432A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
battery
coin
placement
compartment
railway carriage
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610170823.8A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
谢光
陶平
熊禾根
詹小辉
易国庆
刘晓滨
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Wuhan University of Science and Engineering WUSE
Wuhan University of Science and Technology WHUST
Original Assignee
Wuhan University of Science and Engineering WUSE
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Wuhan University of Science and Engineering WUSE filed Critical Wuhan University of Science and Engineering WUSE
Priority to CN201610170823.8A priority Critical patent/CN106023432A/en
Publication of CN106023432A publication Critical patent/CN106023432A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • GPHYSICS
    • G07CHECKING-DEVICES
    • G07FCOIN-FREED OR LIKE APPARATUS
    • G07F7/00Mechanisms actuated by objects other than coins to free or to actuate vending, hiring, coin or paper currency dispensing or refunding apparatus
    • G07F7/005Details or accessories

Abstract

The invention provides a waste battery paid recovery device. The device can identify objects, and collect and store objects in a classified manner, and can output certain quantity of coins according to the model and number of input batteries. The whole device comprises a battery identification mechanism, a battery classified recovery placing mechanism, and a coin feedback mechanism. An object is put into a corresponding input channel, a mechanism detects whether the object is a battery or other things. If the object is a battery in a corresponding model, the object is classified and placed in a corresponding waste battery recycling bin, and the coin feedback mechanism sends out coins in corresponding number. If the object is other things, the device sends the object into a debris recycling bin, and the coin feedback mechanism does not operate.

Description

A kind of paid recovery device
Technical field
This novel invention belongs to environmental technology field, particularly as relating to a device to 1,2,5, No. 7 waste and old general dry battery paid recoveries.
Background technology
Battery has the history of more than 200 year up to now, and its invention brings great convenience to people's life.Aneroid battery is mainly by cadmia, and electrolytic manganese powder, ammonium chloride, graphite rod, powdered carbon and copper cap etc. are fabricated by, and these materials are mothballed at inside battery when in use, will not be to environment.If but it is placed on outdoor through long-term extraneous corrosion, internal heavy metal entrance soil or water source, cause harm greatly can to environment and the mankind.At present environmental protection is all being advocated in country or even the whole world, and going from bad to worse along with surrounding, and people the most more and more pay close attention to our environmental problem by the side of, and throws out that to throw out pollution on the environment without care the most serious without care due to old and useless battery.Aneroid battery after using, its cadmia only consumes sub-fraction, and electrolytic manganese has only played some Oxidations, other material such as powdered carbon graphite rod and copper cap does not the most consume, and as processing is refined, just can re-use, reclaim variable the giving up of scrap dry battery to be advisable, have great significance on joint receiving.
At present, the battery annual production that China is more than 180 hundred million accounts for more than the 30% of World Battery total output, year consumption figure reach 70-80 hundred million, the material such as heavy metal containing a large amount of reproducible utilizations and acid solution in old and useless battery, as recycled by old and useless battery, 40,000 tons of annual renewable zinc.But the old and useless battery response rate is less than 2% now, and the most topmost reason is to lack effective paid recovery device, therefore a retracting device simple to operate, attractive of market in urgent need.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a device that 1,2,5, No. 7 scrap dry batteries can be carried out automatically paid recovery, what this device was fed back is one jiao of par value coin of latest edition that People's Bank of China issued.
The present invention is mainly made up of three parts: battery identification mechanism, cell classification reclaim placement mechanism, coin feedback mechanism.Battery detecting mechanism is mainly used in model and the quantity of battery judging to put into old and useless battery;Cell classification reclaims placement mechanism for battery and the foreign material of different model being respectively fed in different collection boxes;Coin feedback mechanism for sending the coin of respective numbers according to the battery putting into different model every time.If other foreign material, coin feedback mechanism does not works.Whole device uses 220V alternating current, and specific works process is as follows.
1. battery identification mechanism.Mechanism includes: throw cell channel, oblique chute, battery detector, as shown in Fig. 1-4.Utilize the difference of four kinds of cell outside diameter sizes, the dropped channel of four different-diameters of design.The opening diameter of each feeder connection ensures more slightly larger than corresponding cell diameter, cannot be introduced into the object limiting end face big;1# channel diameter is designed as 33.3mm, 2# channel diameter and is designed as 28.3mm, 5# channel diameter and is designed as 15mm, 7# channel diameter and is designed as 12mm.Tiltedly chute is opened in immediately below feeder connection and locates, but is in height any limitation as, it is ensured that battery can fall into smoothly, but the object longer than battery cannot be introduced into chute, thus limits, in length, the article entering battery recycling case.A groove is opened at chute end to 100mm, the diameter of groove is reached more slightly smaller than cell diameter, ensure that battery can slide smoothly, and end face diameter foreign material less than battery will automatically fall into glove compartment, thus on end face diameter, the thing entering battery recycling case is limited.It is separately installed with metal sensing chip in the surface of four slideways, if passing through slideway just like battery, metal sensing chip produces a signal, signal is delivered in enumerator, signal after processing is sent into relay and controls its opening and closing, thus controlling the work of motor, the push rod that rotarily drives of motor releases a certain amount of coin.If nonmetal, the most not output signal, the most not coin-out.
2. cell classification reclaims placement mechanism.Cell classification reclaims placement mechanism and is made up of foreign material collection box, No. 1 battery recycling case, No. 2 battery recycling cases, No. 5 battery recycling cases, No. 7 battery recycling cases.No. 1 battery recycling case, No. 2 battery recycling cases, No. 5 battery recycling cases, No. 7 battery recycling cases are individually placed to No. 1 battery chute, No. 2 battery chutes, No. 5 battery chutes, No. 7 battery chute exits.Foreign material collection box is placed on below each chute slotted line, thus realizes classification and reclaim placement purpose.
3. coin feedback mechanism.Mechanism includes: coin-out slideway, motor, proximity switch, coin lead-out hole, foil, sheet of collecting money from the audience, coin-out cylinder composition.When there being battery to pass through chute, metal sensing chip produces a signal, signal is delivered in enumerator, send into relay after signal processing and control its opening and closing, thus controlling the work of motor, motor turns clockwise and drives push rod to rotate, and sheet of collecting money from the audience gets coin, coin skids off along coin-out slideway, thus realizes the function of paid recovery.Device will control, according to the quantity and model that put into battery, the number of turns that motor rotates.In accompanying drawing 7, semicircle is foil, and roundlet is that proximity switch senses end face, and dotted line is sheet axis of collecting money from the audience.In Fig. 7 at a for paying the bill time collect money from the audience sheet position, leave position, proximity switch induction zone for half-round metal thin slice at b, for sheet stop position of collecting money from the audience after paying the bill at c.Motor speed is 30r/min, delay switch time delay 0.6s, i.e. just stops after proximity switch sensing disappearance rear motor turns over 108 degree, thus can ensure that motor is parked near the c of position every time, thus eliminate the cumulative error of motor rotation.
The invention have the advantages that RMB as feedback present, masses are had bigger captivation, people's enthusiasm to recycling and reusing of batteries can be evoked.This device uses the shape to battery length and two aspects of end face diameter and detects, last the most again from whether being, metal, battery is carried out perfect detection, this device not only achieves the classification of battery and reclaims, and the most also can prevent the possibility that some people fakes for interests to a certain extent.In the design of coin-out device, we have employed mechanical driving lever, and it decreases the overall expenses of mechanism to a certain extent.This device uses two proximity switches thus eliminates common electric machine inevitable cumulative error problem.
Figure of description.
Fig. 1 is the axonometric chart of paid recovery device.
Fig. 2 is the top view of paid recovery device.
Fig. 3 is the front view of paid recovery device.
Fig. 4 is the left view of paid recovery device.In figure: No. 1.1 battery input port 1#;No. 2.2 battery input port 2#;No. 3.5 battery input port 5#;No. 4.7 battery input port 7#;5. metal sensing chip;6. chute;No. 7.1 battery recyclings place railway carriage or compartment;No. 8.2 battery recyclings place railway carriage or compartment;No. 9.5 battery recyclings place railway carriage or compartment;No. 10.7 battery recyclings place railway carriage or compartment;11. foreign material reclaim places railway carriage or compartment;12. coin-out slideways.
Fig. 5 is battery inspection mechanism and motor operating circuit schematic diagram.
Fig. 6 is Coin dispensing apparatus composition.In figure: 13. motor;14. proximity switches;15. foils;16. collect money from the audience sheet;17. Rotational Cylindrical;18. coin lead-out holes;19. coin-out cylinders.
Fig. 7 is that two proximity switches eliminate motor cumulative error work sheet.
Detailed description of the invention
Operator, according to the size of cell outside diameter, selects different feeding passages (No. 1 battery puts into 1# passage, and No. 2 batteries put into 2# passage, and No. 5 batteries put into 5# passage, and No. 7 batteries put into 7# passage).Battery detecting mechanism work after putting into article, in device.If the article put into are not batteries, article will be placed in glove compartment.If the article put into are batteries, article will be placed in affiliated collection box, and metal sensing chip will produce a signal, signal is delivered in enumerator, sending into relay control its opening and closing after signal processing, thus control the work of motor, motor turns clockwise drive push rod, coin released by coin of collecting money from the audience, and coin skids off along coin-out slideway.Finally, operator takes out coin and leaves.

Claims (4)

1. a paid recovery device, it is characterised in that: reclaimed placement mechanism by battery detecting mechanism, classification, coin feedback mechanism forms;Battery being put into corresponding dropped channel, detects whether it is corresponding battery size, reclaim according to the type classification of battery and be placed in corresponding old and useless battery recovery railway carriage or compartment, the sheet of collecting money from the audience in coin feedback mechanism releases the coin of respective numbers as return simultaneously.
2. battery detecting mechanism as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: No. 1 battery input port 1#(1), No. 2 battery input port 2#(2), No. 5 battery input port 5#(3), No. 7 battery input port 7#(4), metal sensing chip (5), chute (6) composition, the electronic devices and components of detection part are metal sensing chip.
3. classify as claimed in claim 1 and reclaim placement mechanism, it is characterised in that: reclaimed placement railway carriage or compartment (11) formed by No. 1 battery recycling placement railway carriage or compartment (7), No. 2 battery recyclings placement railway carriage or compartment (8), No. 5 battery recyclings placement railway carriage or compartment (9), No. 7 battery recyclings placement railway carriage or compartment (10), foreign material.
4. coin feedback mechanism as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: it is made up of motor (13), proximity switch (14), foil (15), sheet of collecting money from the audience (16), Rotational Cylindrical (17), coin lead-out hole (18), coin-out cylinder (19).
CN201610170823.8A 2016-03-24 2016-03-24 Waste battery paid recovery device Pending CN106023432A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610170823.8A CN106023432A (en) 2016-03-24 2016-03-24 Waste battery paid recovery device

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610170823.8A CN106023432A (en) 2016-03-24 2016-03-24 Waste battery paid recovery device

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN106023432A true CN106023432A (en) 2016-10-12

Family

ID=57082978

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610170823.8A Pending CN106023432A (en) 2016-03-24 2016-03-24 Waste battery paid recovery device

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN106023432A (en)

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106485831A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-03-08 上海电机学院 A kind of scrap dry battery paid recovery case
CN106652181A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-05-10 上海电机学院 Wind-light complementary waste battery paid recycling bin
CN108230550A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-29 乐山师范学院 A kind of bus platform is changed money device
CN109377640A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-02-22 黄周泽 A kind of dedicated device of recycling used batteries in the campus with awards faction
CN111302014A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-06-19 云南夏远新能源发展有限责任公司 New energy automobile battery recovery unit

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106485831A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-03-08 上海电机学院 A kind of scrap dry battery paid recovery case
CN106652181A (en) * 2016-10-13 2017-05-10 上海电机学院 Wind-light complementary waste battery paid recycling bin
CN106485831B (en) * 2016-10-13 2018-10-30 上海电机学院 A kind of scrap dry battery paid recovery case
CN106652181B (en) * 2016-10-13 2019-02-19 上海电机学院 A kind of wind light mutual complementing paid recycling box of waste battery
CN108230550A (en) * 2017-12-29 2018-06-29 乐山师范学院 A kind of bus platform is changed money device
CN109377640A (en) * 2018-11-02 2019-02-22 黄周泽 A kind of dedicated device of recycling used batteries in the campus with awards faction
CN111302014A (en) * 2019-11-27 2020-06-19 云南夏远新能源发展有限责任公司 New energy automobile battery recovery unit

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WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20161012