CN106013909A - Plastic-wrapped prefabrication assembly type rectangular underground granary - Google Patents

Plastic-wrapped prefabrication assembly type rectangular underground granary Download PDF

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Publication number
CN106013909A
CN106013909A CN201610525885.6A CN201610525885A CN106013909A CN 106013909 A CN106013909 A CN 106013909A CN 201610525885 A CN201610525885 A CN 201610525885A CN 106013909 A CN106013909 A CN 106013909A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
plate
bulkhead plate
prefabricated
bulkhead
prefabricated bulkhead
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Granted
Application number
CN201610525885.6A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN106013909B (en
Inventor
王振清
张昊
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Zhengzhou Ditian Grain Tank Factory Technology Co., Ltd.
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Henan University of Technology
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Priority to CN201610525885.6A priority Critical patent/CN106013909B/en
Publication of CN106013909A publication Critical patent/CN106013909A/en
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H7/00Construction or assembling of bulk storage containers employing civil engineering techniques in situ or off the site
    • E04H7/22Containers for fluent solids, e.g. silos, bunkers; Supports therefor
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E02HYDRAULIC ENGINEERING; FOUNDATIONS; SOIL SHIFTING
    • E02DFOUNDATIONS; EXCAVATIONS; EMBANKMENTS; UNDERGROUND OR UNDERWATER STRUCTURES
    • E02D17/00Excavations; Bordering of excavations; Making embankments
    • E02D17/02Foundation pits
    • E02D17/04Bordering surfacing or stiffening the sides of foundation pits
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H7/00Construction or assembling of bulk storage containers employing civil engineering techniques in situ or off the site
    • E04H7/22Containers for fluent solids, e.g. silos, bunkers; Supports therefor
    • E04H7/24Constructions, with or without perforated walls, depending on the use of specified materials
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04HBUILDINGS OR LIKE STRUCTURES FOR PARTICULAR PURPOSES; SWIMMING OR SPLASH BATHS OR POOLS; MASTS; FENCING; TENTS OR CANOPIES, IN GENERAL
    • E04H7/00Construction or assembling of bulk storage containers employing civil engineering techniques in situ or off the site
    • E04H7/22Containers for fluent solids, e.g. silos, bunkers; Supports therefor
    • E04H2007/225Silos with retaining wall type wall elements, e.g. trench silos
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/51Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for storing agricultural or horticultural products

Abstract

A prefabrication assembly type underground granary comprises a granary bottom, multiple prefabricated granary wall plates, a granary top and multifunctional pillars, wherein each granary wall plate is of an integral structure formed by combining a plastic plate on the outer side and a concrete slab on the inner side, each granary wall plate is provided with connection devices on the periphery, and the granary wall plates can be connected with adjacent granary wallboards and the multifunctional pillars by means of the connection devices; the multifunctional pillars are wrapped by plastic plates, can be used for positioning the granary wall plates, and are main stress components for bearing soil pressure and grain side pressure and resisting buoyance, and the depth of each multifunctional pillar and each enhancing pillar anchored into soil is greater than the depth of the granary bottom; the underground granary is characterized in that each multifunctional pillar is divided into a plurality of sections from top to bottom, the inner side of each first section on an uppermost layer is provided with a first-layer granary wall plate, the inner side of each second section is provided with a second-layer granary wall plate; by using an arrangement mode similar to that above, arranging is performed until a bottommost-layer granary wall plate is arranged, thus forming an assembly type underground granary structure.

Description

A kind of outsourcing Plastic preform assembled underground granary
Technical field
The present invention relates to underground granary technical field, be specifically related to a kind of outsourcing Plastic preform assembled underground granary.
Background technology
Underground granary is built under shallow layer surface, long-term low-temperature grain-storage, keeps grain quality, suppression insect pest to occur, it is to avoid to use Toxic agents is fumigated, and resists corollary failure and the dual-purpose many merits that waits of drawing, and many experts are consistent with scholar thinks that rationally popularization should With underground grain storehouse new system and new technique, it is possible to realize low-temperature environment-friendly, energy-conservation save land, detraction of guaranteeing the quality, ecological grain storage.
The existing underground granary of China is typically at the relatively low general loess of level of ground water be suitable for being stained with property area, such as cave dwelling storehouse, loudspeaker Storehouse, double curvature arch storehouse, semi-underground bin, shape loudspeaker storehouse, hole;The most built underground bin mostly is brickwork construction, and capacity is little, takes up an area face Long-pending big, mechanization degree is low.
In order to build be useful in that level of ground water is higher, complex geological condition region can the Novel underground silo of popularization and application, some states Family's patent and document it is also proposed circular grain bin, and the large space Underground Rectangular that cylinder, semicircular cylinder surround, combined type underground bin is enclosed in stake On storehouse type, but the popularization and application of above-mentioned new storehouse type, there is also some problem demanding prompt solutions, such as: (1) underground grain storehouse has There is high standard requirement waterproof, moistureproof.Guarantee that warehouse is water-tight in service life, do not seep water;The web material used is the most aging, Working procedure is complicated, and difficulty is big, construction quality problem easily occurs.(2) the wet trade environment long construction period of deep basal pit.Base Hole excavation, after precipitation, storehouse base plate is cast-in-place, bulkhead slding form operation needs carry out in wet trade environmental condition for a long time, labor intensity greatly, Long construction period, construction cost is high.(3) pattern foundation pit supporting structure is costly.For such deep basal pit, " piling bar+waist rail+water shutoff steel plate " Pattern foundation pit supporting structure is relatively inexpensive mode, but expense accounts for the 25-30% of civil engineering construction cost, and construction cost is higher.
A kind of underground granary of the disclosure of the invention of Application No. CN200910207155.1, including at the bottom of Cang Ding, bulkhead and storehouse, this storehouse Wall Covered with Angles, steel plate also can be connected formation combination by bulkhead separately as waterproof, the damp-proof layer of bulkhead with steel plate steel beam column The bulkhead of structure comes waterproof, moistureproof.Underground granary bulkhead be shaped as linear or shaped form, as cylindrical shape, square tube shape, half Circular bulkhead etc..This invention solves the waterproof and dampproof problem of storehouse base plate by encased steel plate.Simultaneously when constructing at the bottom of storehouse, Steel plate, as template, accelerates speed of application, reduces construction cost, but its construction is constructed for cast in situs, and this construction party The deficiencies such as method needs to carry out excavation of foundation pit, so there is integral constructing cost high, long construction period.
A kind of underground granary of the disclosure of the invention of Application No. CN200910207154.7, including at the bottom of Cang Ding, bulkhead and storehouse, this storehouse Wall is divided into inner and outer wall, uses connector to be linked to be entirety between inwall and outer wall, forms cavity between inwall and outer wall, described Cavity is used for detection and the reparation that underground granary leaks, and ventilates for underground granary and the detection of grain feelings.This invention silo is also required to , there is the deficiencies such as construction trouble, construction cost height, long construction period in excavation of foundation pit.
Prefabricated construction is one of effective way realizing building structure industrialization and building energy conservation joint row, for a long time, mixed Solidifying civil engineering builds the main traditional work mode using site operation, and industrialization degree is low, water consumption, energy consumption, artificial rubbish, sewage Discharge capacity is big, does not meets the Sustainable development policies of national energy-saving and environmental protection.Use fabricated construction, can be with prefabrication, existing Field assembling, it is achieved building structure industrialization, can be effectively improved material in building energy conservation and the efficiency of structural behaviour, saving simultaneously The energy and resource, reduce building waste and the harmful effect of environment, reduce construction site restriction etc..Therefore, in order to provide a kind of " fast, good, save " underground grain storage new storehouse type, researching and developing prefabricated assembled Novel underground storehouse has become required.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of outsourcing Plastic preform assembled underground granary, outside this prefabricated assembled underground granary Plastic flitch can replace waterproof roll, has the most waterproof, anti-seepage effect and comprehensive benefit;Prefabricated bulkhead plate can be at prefabricated structure Part factory normalization produces, and processing and manufacturing quality can effectively control and energy-conserving and environment-protective, Prefabricated Assembling, and mechanization is pacified Dress construction, can crossed construction, shorten the construction period.It addition, prefabricated warehouse structure can save foundation ditch as foundation pit supporting system Support cost, reduces construction investment.
The solution of the present invention is: a kind of prefabricated assembled underground granary, including at the bottom of storehouse, polylith prefabricated bulkhead plate, Cang Ding, Multiple function, described bulkhead plate are that the concrete slab of outside plastic plate and inner side is combined into overall structure, and periphery has attachment means, Can be attached with adjacent bulkhead plate, multiple function by attachment means bulkhead plate;Plastic plate, energy it is surrounded by outside described multiple function Positioning bulkhead plate, it anchors into the degree of depth in soil and is more than the degree of depth at the bottom of storehouse, is subject to soil pressure, grain lateral pressure and opposing floating The main bearing member of power;It is characterized in that: multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, inside the first paragraph of the superiors, be provided with One layer of bulkhead plate, is provided with second layer bulkhead plate inside second segment, with above-mentioned similar set-up mode, until bottom one layer of bulkhead Plate, forms assembled underground granary structure.
It is a feature of the present invention that prefabricated bulkhead plate multiple function uses steel column or is provided with the concrete column of steel embedded part, on multiple function It is provided with the firm component in location.Multiple function to ensure that it forms a common stress of entirety with the connecting elements of surrounding, so, uses steel Post or be provided with the concrete column of steel embedded part can the most connected Member Welding;The location steel beam column of multiple function can be Prefabricated bulkhead plate positions when installing accurately, welds premise for fixation at prefabricated bulkhead plate with multiple function simultaneously.Many Functional column also outsourcing plastic plate, sticks with glue knot or with bolts between them, so, outsourcing plastic plate not only can be with Multiple function keeps effective and connects, and it can also weld airtight waterproof of formation, antiseepage with prefabricated bulkhead outsourcing plastic plate And damp-proof layer.
Inventive feature also resides in the outside plastic plate of prefabricated bulkhead plate and is provided with, relative to the upper and lower both sides of inner side concrete, the portion of encorbelmenting Point, the left and right sides is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, and left and right end is provided with L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab, encases about concrete slab The corner, inner side of end face;Bulkhead plate upper and lower end is provided with L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab, encases the corner, inner side of concrete slab upper and lower end face. So, the outsourcing plastic plate of prefabricated bulkhead plate can replace waterproof roll, has the most waterproof, anti-seepage effect and comprehensive benefit; Plastic plate is connected with the holdfast of concrete makes the two form an entirety, and holdfast can resist plastics and concrete under soil pressure effect Shear action between plate, between holdfast and concrete, cohesive force prevents plastic plate from departing from concrete well simultaneously.Outsourcing plastics Prefabricated bulkhead plate not only avoids hard work during bulkhead waterproof coiled material construction, saves the engineering time that bulkhead is waterproof, reduces Labor cost;It addition, prefabricated bulkhead plate can produce in prefabricated components factory normalization, processing and manufacturing quality can effectively be controlled Make and energy-conserving and environment-protective, Prefabricated Assembling, mechanization installation, can crossed construction, shorten the construction period.Prefabricated storehouse The outside plastic plate of wallboard is provided with, relative to the upper and lower both sides of inner side concrete, part of encorbelmenting, so, when prefabricated bulkhead plate is vertically connected with Outsourcing plastic plate can weld, thus forms a waterproof layer closed vertical;The left and right sides of outside plastic plate is with mixed The left and right end face of concrete board is concordant, and the left and right end of bulkhead plate is provided with L-type pre-embedded steel slab, encases the inner side of concrete slab left and right end face Corner, so outside plastic plate can be welded into the waterproof layer of closing, meanwhile, storehouse with the outsourcing plastic plate of multiple function at hoop The L-type pre-embedded steel slab of the left and right end of wallboard can make contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate be welded into an entirety easily;On bulkhead plate, Lower end is provided with L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab, encases the corner, inner side of concrete slab upper and lower end face, as such, it is possible to by the L of upper and lower bulkhead Upper and lower prefabricated bulkhead plate is connected into an overall force structure by shape pre-embedded steel slab junction steel plate.
Inventive feature also resides in the outside plastic plate of bulkhead plate all has U-shaped cornerite on bulkhead plate below, and on bulkhead plate The position being close to U-shaped cornerite plastic plate inside limit is provided with the first pre-embedded steel slab, is close to U-shaped cornerite plastics in bulkhead plate inner side below The position of plate is provided with the second pre-embedded steel slab;The left and right sides of outside plastic plate is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, a bulkhead plate left side, Right-hand member is provided with L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab, encases the corner, inner side of concrete slab left and right end face.So, the outsourcing plastics of prefabricated bulkhead plate Plate can replace waterproof roll, has the most waterproof, anti-seepage effect and comprehensive benefit;Plastic plate is connected with the holdfast of concrete to be made The two forms an entirety, and holdfast can resist under soil pressure effect shear action between plastics and concrete slab, simultaneously holdfast with Between concrete, cohesive force prevents plastic plate from departing from concrete well.Outsourcing Plastic preform bulkhead plate not only avoids bulkhead to be prevented The hard work during construction of water coiled material, saves the engineering time that bulkhead is waterproof, reduces labor cost;It addition, prefabricated storehouse Wallboard can produce in prefabricated components factory normalization, and processing and manufacturing quality can effectively control and energy-conserving and environment-protective, and Prefabricated is on-the-spot Assemble, mechanization installation, can crossed construction, shorten the construction period.Outside plastic plate is provided with U-shaped on bulkhead plate below Cornerite, so, when prefabricated bulkhead plate is vertically connected with, outsourcing plastic plate can carry out docking welding or with connecting plastic plate welding, from And form a waterproof layer closed vertical;Being close to the position of U-shaped cornerite plastic plate inside bulkhead plate top, to be provided with first pre-buried Steel plate, the position being close to U-shaped cornerite plastic plate in bulkhead plate inner side below is provided with the second pre-embedded steel slab, so, upper and lower prefabricated storehouse Wallboard can connect into an entirety by the second pre-embedded steel slab junction steel plate of the first pre-embedded steel slab of lower bulkhead and upper bulkhead and be subject to Power structure;The left and right sides of outside plastic plate is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, and it is pre-buried that the left and right end of bulkhead plate is provided with L-type Steel plate, encases the corner, inner side of concrete slab left and right end face, and so outside plastic plate can exist with the outsourcing plastic plate of multiple function Hoop is welded into the waterproof layer of closing, and meanwhile, the L-type pre-embedded steel slab of the left and right end of bulkhead plate can make contiguous prefabricated easily Bulkhead plate is welded into an entirety.
Inventive feature also resides in the outside plastic plate of bulkhead plate all has cornerite on bulkhead plate below, and in bulkhead plate top The position of side next-door neighbour's cornerite plastic plate is provided with the first pre-embedded steel slab, is provided with at the position of bulkhead plate inner side next-door neighbour cornerite plastic plate below Second pre-embedded steel slab;The left and right sides of outside plastic plate is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, and the left and right end of bulkhead plate is provided with L Shape pre-embedded steel slab, encases the corner, inner side of concrete slab left and right end face, and left end is provided with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, right End is provided with trapezoidal or half elliptic groove.So, the outsourcing plastic plate of prefabricated bulkhead plate can replace waterproof roll, has preferably Waterproof, anti-seepage effect and comprehensive benefit;Plastic plate is connected with the holdfast of concrete makes the two form an entirety, and holdfast can support Shear action between plastics and concrete slab under anti-soil pressure effect, between holdfast and concrete, cohesive force prevents from moulding well simultaneously Flitch departs from concrete.Outsourcing Plastic preform bulkhead plate not only avoids hard work during bulkhead waterproof coiled material construction, saves The engineering time that bulkhead is waterproof, reduce labor cost;It addition, prefabricated bulkhead plate can be in prefabricated components manufacturer's standard metaplasia Producing, processing and manufacturing quality can effectively control and energy-conserving and environment-protective, Prefabricated Assembling, and mechanization installation can intersect Construction, shortens the construction period.Outside plastic plate is provided with cornerite, so, when prefabricated bulkhead plate is vertically connected with on bulkhead plate below Outsourcing plastic plate can carry out docking welding or with connecting plastic plate welding, thus forms a waterproof layer closed vertical;Storehouse The position being close to U-shaped cornerite plastic plate inside wallboard top is provided with the first pre-embedded steel slab, is close to U-shaped bag in bulkhead plate inner side below The position of angle plastic plate is provided with the second pre-embedded steel slab, and so, upper and lower prefabricated bulkhead plate can be by the first pre-embedded steel slab of lower bulkhead An overall force structure is connected into the second pre-embedded steel slab junction steel plate of upper bulkhead;The left and right sides of outside plastic plate is with mixed The left and right end face of concrete board is concordant, and the left and right end of bulkhead plate is provided with L-type pre-embedded steel slab, encases the inner side of concrete slab left and right end face Corner, so outside plastic plate can be welded into the waterproof layer of closing, meanwhile, storehouse with the outsourcing plastic plate of multiple function at hoop The L-type pre-embedded steel slab of the left and right end of wallboard can make contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate be welded into an entirety easily.Prefabricated bulkhead plate Left end is provided with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, and right-hand member is provided with trapezoidal or half elliptic groove, so can make adjacent easily Prefabricated bulkhead plate is attached, thus accelerates speed of application, is greatly shortened construction period.
It is concordant that inventive feature also resides in prefabricated bulkhead plate hoop level, the outside plastic plate of prefabricated bulkhead plate and multiple function Outsourcing plastic plate welds, and is welded together with multiple function by prefabricated bulkhead plate by L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab with the first junction steel plate, Contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate is welded together, at hoop by L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab with the second junction steel plate inside prefabricated bulkhead plate The water-proof concrete of identical with prefabricated bulkhead plate or high strongest grade is poured between prefabricated bulkhead plate.So, prefabricated bulkhead plate Outside plastics weld with plastic plate outside multiple function and ensure that outside plastic plate forms a waterproof layer closed at hoop, thus Can prefabricated bulkhead be carried out the most waterproof;At the structure design aspect of node, herein with the first junction steel plate by prefabricated bulkhead Prefabricated bulkhead plate is welded together by the L-type steel plate of plate left and right end with multiple function or reinforcing prop, uses inside bulkhead plate meanwhile Junction steel plate is welded to connect, so, and multiple function or reinforcing prop, junction steel plate, prefabricated bulkhead and the concrete shape between it Become overall structure, made node have stronger bending resistance, shearing resistance and an anti-pressure ability, and the fairly simple convenience of node construction;Separately Outward, inner side steel plate is in addition to stress, it is also possible to as the second waterproof measure at node.
Inventive feature also resides in the first junction steel plate and is cut away right angle by right angled triangle steel plate and form, this first junction steel plate with Multiple function and the prefabricated bulkhead equal vertical welding of plate end face;First junction steel plate is polylith, is uniformly distributed along plastic plate fillet welding. It is to make outside prefabricated bulkhead plate the elongated plastic corner of plastic plate outside plastic plate and multiple function that first junction steel plate is provided with corner cut Weld seam does not conflicts;First junction steel plate and multiple function or reinforcing prop and the prefabricated bulkhead equal vertical welding of plate end face, one Aspect improves prefabricated bulkhead plate hoop and connects node bending resistance and shearing ability, the most equally distributed along plastic plate angle welding Junction steel plate is little on the degree of compaction impact after the mobility of concrete and concrete vibrating, can guarantee that executing of concrete at node Working medium amount.
It is concordant that inventive feature also resides in the vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate, and outside neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate, plastic plate is directly adopted Connect with butt welding and/or be welded to connect with connection plastic plate, being close to inside the plastic plate of outside be welded to connect with junction steel plate;Up and down It is welded to connect with junction steel plate inside contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate;Pour in the cavity that contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate and junction steel plate surround Or the water-proof concrete of a high strength grade identical with prefabricated bulkhead plate.The big grain in the inner of soil pressure outside underground bin is to storehouse The lateral pressure of wall, so when bulkhead structure designs, during hole capital after selling all securities, underground bin is worst by the force status of soil pressure, And actually along the bulkhead soil body from top to bottom, the pressure of bulkhead is gradually increased, therefore, the thickness of every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate should root Carrying out variable cross-section design according to bulkhead loading characteristic could be more reasonable, and bulkhead expenditure of construction could be more economical.Prefabricated bulkhead plate is vertical Outside is concordant, every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate both can have been made to be easier to multiple function and welded and position, and inner side can also be subject to according to reality Power situation could be adjusted to meet the design requirement of rational variable cross-section.Outside plastic plate directly uses butt welding to connect and/or with connecting Plastic plate is welded to connect, and forms a waterproof layer closed vertical outside the most prefabricated bulkhead plate, thus be properly arrived at waterproof, Antiseepage, moistureproof effect;It is close to inside the plastic plate of outside be welded to connect with junction steel plate, so on the one hand strengthens upper and lower bulkhead Connect, on the other hand add second waterproof measure;It is welded to connect with junction steel plate inside neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate, this On the one hand sample strengthens the connection of upper and lower bulkhead, on the other hand adds the 3rd road waterproof measure;In contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate and connection Pour in the cavity that steel plate surrounds and the water-proof concrete of prefabricated bulkhead plate ad eundem, the most neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate connecting joint Point stress is more reasonable, the simpler convenience of node construction.
It is concordant that inventive feature also resides in the vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate, and the horizontal joint inside neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate is direct Use butt welding connect and/or be welded to connect with connection plastic plate, be then close to butt weld or connect inside plastic plate with connecting steel Plate is welded to connect.So, the horizontal joint inside prefabricated bulkhead plate directly uses butt welding to connect and/or makes with connecting plastic plate welding Bulkhead forms the waterproof of a closing vertical;It is close to inside butt weld or connection plastic plate be welded to connect with junction steel plate make Lower floor's prefabricated bulkhead plate forms an overall structure.
It is concordant that inventive feature also resides in the vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate, and the male of every piece of prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end is trapezoidal or half ellipse Round plug insert contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate upper end female is trapezoidal or in semiellipse type slot;Inside neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate Horizontal joint directly use butt welding connect and/or be welded to connect with connection plastic plate, be then close to butt weld or connect plastic plate Inner side junction steel plate is welded to connect.The male of every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end is trapezoidal or semiellipse type plug can be adjacent lower Thering is provided location and interconnection function when bulkhead plate is installed, the female of lower floor's bulkhead plate upper end is trapezoidal or semiellipse type slot can play constraint The relative displacement of radial direction, the shearing of opposing node point connection.Horizontal joint inside prefabricated bulkhead plate directly uses butt welding even Connect and/or make bulkhead form the waterproof of a closing vertical with connecting plastic plate welding;It is close to butt weld or connects in plastic plate Side junction steel plate is welded to connect and makes levels prefabricated bulkhead plate form an overall structure.
It is a feature of the present invention that multiple function uses section form to be straight line or the open tubular column of curve or solid post.This two-sided group Closing structure bulkhead light plate and as the template of storehouse base plate and replace reinforcing bar, save the operating expenses of bulkhead, the construction reducing bulkhead is difficult Degree, accelerates integral construction speed;Double-layer plate concrete combined structure improves rigidity and the intensity of bulkhead, is effective against soil pressure Power and pressure, beneficially underground bin are sent out to deeper bigger direction and are opened, and increase the scope of application of this storehouse type, and more favourable In the waterproof and dampproof problem of silo.
Inventive feature also resides in Cang Ding and uses concrete-armor Plate.So, said structure has given full play to concrete Resistance to compression and the resistance to tension of steel plate, make large span Hold Ceiling structure stress more reasonable, and steel plate conduct when constructing, can be used Template, significantly reduces difficulty of construction, also can accelerate speed of application simultaneously.
It is a feature of the present invention that the multiple function of underground granary and reinforcing prop use section form be straight line or the open tubular column of curve or Solid post.
It is a feature of the present invention that construction method comprises the following steps: (1) requires to be beaten by multiple function in precalculated position according to design Enter underground certain depth;(2) in multiple function surrounds region, excavate ground floor soil;(3) after excavating ground floor soil, Ground floor prefabricated bulkhead plate is installed inside multiple function;(4), after installing ground floor prefabricated bulkhead plate, continue down to excavate second Layer soil;(5) second layer prefabricated bulkhead plate is installed inside multiple function;(6) according to the construction of above-mentioned (4th)-(5) step Method, installs downwards prefabricated bulkhead plate successively, until position at the bottom of storehouse;(7) storehouse bottom application work is carried out;(8) Cang Ding is finally carried out Plate and the construction of beam, i.e. complete the overall structure of underground granary.Multiple function be driven underground the degree of depth according to foundation bearing capacity, buoyancy, Depending on bulkhead soil pressure, grain lateral pressure many factors are comprehensive, when foundation bearing capacity can not meet engine request, now position Post and reinforcing prop can substitute for the vertical pressure that pile is transmitted by silo;It addition, multiple function and reinforcing prop can also replace resistance to plucking The stake opposing subsoil water buoyancy to silo;Prefabricated bulkhead plate can vertically be positioned by multiple function with hoop, it is ensured that prefabricated storehouse Wallboard every layer is vertical vertical, and hoop forms an annulus, so that stress is more reasonable;After completing multiple function construction, along high Spend fractional layer from top to bottom to install;When installing every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, first excavate height more than or equal to prefabricated bulkhead Plate height, diameter, more than or equal to the space of warehouse overall diameter, ensures that the soil body does not caves in digging process, such ability simultaneously Install to prefabricated bulkhead plate and leave construction space, it is ensured that bulkhead plate construction safety is smoothed out;When cutting depth level of ground water with Time lower, to first carry out precipitation, then excavate;After installing every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, in bulkhead surrounding soil and prefabricated storehouse Slip casting between wallboard, it is ensured that when excavating next layer soil body, this layer soil body does not caves in, thus ensures safety when subsoil excavates. When every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate is installed, first bulkhead plate outsourcing plastic plate is welded with the outsourcing plastic plate of adjacent multiple function or reinforcing prop Connect, it is ensured that form an airtight waterproof layer outside prefabricated bulkhead plate, thus prevent subsoil water from flowing to or infiltering underground bin well Inside, reaches waterproof, moistureproof, the grain storage effect of antiseepage;Then with junction steel plate, horizontal bin wallboard is welded with adjacent multiple function Connect, also weld with junction steel plate inside level contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, finally at bulkhead plate, junction steel plate and multi-functional meanwhile Inject the water-proof concrete of identical with bulkhead or high strongest grade between post or reinforcing prop, so, not only ensure that prefabricated storehouse Wallboard is reliably connected with multiple function, and connects firm plate and can strengthen the connection of adjacent bulkhead at structure design aspect, provides simultaneously The waterproof guarantee of node.After the construction of adjacent level prefabricated bulkhead plate, carry out the construction of adjacent upper and lower two-layer prefabricated bulkhead plate, phase The vertical outside of adjacent upper and lower prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, and its connected mode is as follows: outside (1) neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate, plastic plate is straight Connect employing butt welding connect and/or be welded to connect with connection plastic plate, be close to inside the plastic plate of outside be welded to connect with junction steel plate, It is welded to connect with junction steel plate inside the most neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate, finally surrounds at contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate and junction steel plate Cavity in pour the water-proof concrete of identical with a prefabricated bulkhead plate or high strength grade;(2) in neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate The horizontal joint of side the most directly uses butt welding connect and/or be welded to connect with connection plastic plate, is then close to butt weld or connection It is welded to connect with junction steel plate inside plastic plate;(3) first by trapezoidal for the male of every piece of prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end or semiellipse type is inserted Head insert contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate upper end female is trapezoidal or in semiellipse type slot, inside the most neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate Horizontal joint directly uses butt welding connect and/or be welded to connect with connection plastic plate, is finally close to butt weld or connects in plastic plate Side junction steel plate is welded to connect.By above-mentioned construction method, the excavation soil body and the prefabricated bulkhead plate of installation the most successively, every layer The cylinder warehouse structure that bulkhead plate is formed can be as foundation pit supporting system, so, well by silo warehouse structure and pattern foundation pit supporting structure System unites two into one, and has not only saved and has individually carried out the cost that pattern foundation pit supporting structure is brought, and is substantially reduced construction investment, and significantly Shorten the construction period of whole engineering.
Accompanying drawing explanation
First, second and third kind of underground bin site plan of Fig. 1
First, second and third kind of underground bin section layout drawing of Fig. 2
The first monolithic of Fig. 3 prefabricated bulkhead plate schematic cross-section
Fig. 4 the second monolithic prefabricated bulkhead plate schematic cross-section
The third monolithic of Fig. 5 prefabricated bulkhead plate schematic cross-section
First, second and third kind of precast slab horizontal layout schematic diagram of Fig. 6
The first bulkhead node schematic diagram of Fig. 7
Fig. 8 the second bulkhead node schematic diagram
The third bulkhead node schematic diagram of Fig. 9
In accompanying drawing: 1 is multiple function;3 is prefabricated bulkhead;4 is Cang Ding;5 is at the bottom of storehouse;6 is the second junction steel plate;10 are Grain port;11 is earthing;12 is water-proof concrete;13 is outside plastics;14 is the first junction steel plate;15 is first pre- Bury steel plate;16 is the second pre-embedded steel slab;17 is L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab.
Detailed description of the invention
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 6, Fig. 9: present embodiments provide a kind of outsourcing Plastic preform assembled underground grain Storehouse.Including at the bottom of storehouse 5, polylith prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, top, storehouse 4, multiple function 1, described bulkhead plate 3 be outside plastic plate 13 and The concrete slab of inner side is combined into the structure of entirety, and periphery has attachment means, can be with adjacent bulkhead by attachment means bulkhead plate 3 Plate 3, multiple function 1 are attached;It is surrounded by plastic plate outside described multiple function, bulkhead plate 3 can be positioned.Multi-functional Post 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, is provided with ground floor bulkhead plate 3, is provided with the second layer inside second segment inside the first paragraph of the superiors Bulkhead plate 3, with above-mentioned similar set-up mode, until bottom one layer of bulkhead plate 3, forms assembled underground granary structure.
Described prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 multiple function 1 uses steel column or is provided with the concrete column of steel embedded part.
The outside plastic plate 13 of described prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is provided with part of encorbelmenting, the left and right sides relative to the upper and lower both sides of inner side concrete Concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, left and right end is provided with L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17, encases the inner side of concrete slab left and right end face Corner;Bulkhead plate 3 upper and lower end is provided with L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab, encases the corner, inner side of concrete slab upper and lower end face.
Described prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 hoop level is concordant, and the outside plastic plate 13 of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is outer plastic with multiple function 1 Flitch welds, and by L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17, with multiple function 1, prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is welded on one with the first junction steel plate 14 Rise, by L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17, contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is welded on the second junction steel plate 6 inside prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 Together, between hoop prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, pour the water-proof concrete of identical with prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 or high strongest grade.
Described first junction steel plate 14 is cut away right angle by right angled triangle steel plate and forms, this first junction steel plate 14 and multiple function 1 and the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 equal vertical welding of end face;First junction steel plate 14 is polylith, is uniformly distributed along plastic plate fillet welding.
The vertical outside of described prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, and outside neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, plastic plate directly uses butt welding to connect And/or be welded to connect with connection plastic plate, it is close to inside the plastic plate of outside be welded to connect with junction steel plate;Neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead It is welded to connect with junction steel plate inside plate 3;Pour and prefabricated bulkhead in the cavity that contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate and junction steel plate surround Plate is identical or the water-proof concrete of a high strength grade.
Embodiment two
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 6, Fig. 8: present embodiments provide a kind of outsourcing Plastic preform assembled underground grain Storehouse.Including at the bottom of storehouse 5, polylith prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, top, storehouse 4, multiple function 1, described bulkhead plate 3 be outside plastic plate 13 and The concrete slab of inner side is combined into the structure of entirety, and periphery has attachment means, can be with adjacent bulkhead by attachment means bulkhead plate 3 Plate 3, multiple function 1 are attached;It is surrounded by plastic plate outside described multiple function, bulkhead plate 3 can be positioned.Multi-functional Post 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, is provided with ground floor bulkhead plate 3, is provided with the second layer inside second segment inside the first paragraph of the superiors Bulkhead plate 3, with above-mentioned similar set-up mode, until bottom one layer of bulkhead plate 3, forms assembled underground granary structure.
Described prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 multiple function 1 uses steel column or is provided with the concrete column of steel embedded part.
The outside plastic plate 13 of described bulkhead plate 3 all has U-shaped cornerite on bulkhead plate below, and tight inside bulkhead plate 3 top The position of adjacent U-shaped cornerite plastic plate is provided with the first pre-embedded steel slab 15, is close to U-shaped cornerite plastic plate in bulkhead plate 3 inner side below Position is provided with the second pre-embedded steel slab 16;The left and right sides of outside plastic plate 13 is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, bulkhead plate 3 Left and right end is provided with L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17, encases the corner, inner side of concrete slab left and right end face.
Described prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 hoop level is concordant, and the outside plastic plate 13 of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is outer plastic with multiple function 1 Flitch welds, and by L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17, with multiple function 1, prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is welded on one with the first junction steel plate 14 Rise, by L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17, contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is welded on the second junction steel plate 6 inside prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 Together, between hoop prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, pour the water-proof concrete of identical with prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 or high strongest grade.
Described first junction steel plate 14 is cut away right angle by right angled triangle steel plate and forms, this first junction steel plate 14 and multiple function 1 and the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 equal vertical welding of end face;First junction steel plate 14 is polylith, is uniformly distributed along plastic plate fillet welding.
The described vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is concordant, and the horizontal joint inside neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 directly uses butt welding Connect and/or be welded to connect with connection plastic plate, being then close to inside butt weld or connection plastic plate connect with junction steel plate welding Connect.
Embodiment three
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 9: present embodiments provide a kind of outsourcing Plastic preform assembled underground grain Storehouse.Including at the bottom of storehouse 5, polylith prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, top, storehouse 4, multiple function 1, described bulkhead plate 3 be outside plastic plate 13 and The concrete slab of inner side is combined into the structure of entirety, and periphery has attachment means, can be with adjacent bulkhead by attachment means bulkhead plate 3 Plate 3, multiple function 1 are attached;It is surrounded by plastic plate outside described multiple function, bulkhead plate 3 can be positioned.Multi-functional Post 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, is provided with ground floor bulkhead plate 3, is provided with the second layer inside second segment inside the first paragraph of the superiors Bulkhead plate 3, with above-mentioned similar set-up mode, until bottom one layer of bulkhead plate 3, forms assembled underground granary structure.
Described prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 multiple function 1 uses steel column or is provided with the concrete column of steel embedded part.
The outside plastic plate 13 of described bulkhead plate 3 all has cornerite, and next-door neighbour's bag inside bulkhead plate 3 top on bulkhead plate below The position of angle plastic plate is provided with the first pre-embedded steel slab 15, is provided with second at the position of bulkhead plate 3 inner side next-door neighbour cornerite plastic plate below Pre-embedded steel slab 16;The left and right sides of outside plastic plate 13 is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, and the left and right end of bulkhead plate 3 sets There is L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17, encase the corner, inner side of concrete slab left and right end face, and lower end is provided with, and male is trapezoidal or half elliptic is inserted Head, upper end is provided with trapezoidal or half elliptic groove.
Described prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 hoop level is concordant, and the outside plastic plate 13 of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is outer plastic with multiple function 1 Flitch welds, and by L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17, with multiple function 1, prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is welded on one with the first junction steel plate 14 Rise, by L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17, contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is welded on the second junction steel plate 6 inside prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 Together, between hoop prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, pour the water-proof concrete of identical with prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 or high strongest grade.
Described first junction steel plate 14 is cut away right angle by right angled triangle steel plate and forms, this first junction steel plate 14 and multiple function 1 and the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 equal vertical welding of end face;First junction steel plate 14 is polylith, is uniformly distributed along plastic plate fillet welding.
The described vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is concordant, and the male of every piece of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 lower end is trapezoidal or semiellipse type plug is inserted Enter that the female of contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 upper end is trapezoidal or in semiellipse type slot;Level inside neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 Seam directly uses butt welding connect and/or be welded to connect with connection plastic plate, is then close to inside butt weld or connection plastic plate use Junction steel plate is welded to connect.
Embodiment four
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2: present embodiments provide a kind of outsourcing Plastic preform assembled underground granary.Including at the bottom of storehouse 5, Polylith prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, top, storehouse 4, multiple function 1, described bulkhead plate 3 are the concrete slab of outside plastic plate 13 and inner side Being combined into the structure of entirety, periphery has attachment means, can be with adjacent bulkhead plate 3, multiple function 1 by attachment means bulkhead plate 3 It is attached;It is surrounded by plastic plate outside described multiple function, bulkhead plate 3 can be positioned.Multiple function 1 is divided into from top to bottom Several sections, inside the first paragraph of the superiors, it is provided with ground floor bulkhead plate 3, is provided with second layer bulkhead plate 3 inside second segment, uses above-mentioned class As set-up mode, until bottom one layer of bulkhead plate 3, form assembled underground granary structure.
At the bottom of described storehouse, 5 is pyramidal structure, and at the bottom of described storehouse, 5 use two-sided steel plate concrete combinative structure.This steel plate concrete group Close structure light plate and as the template of storehouse base plate and replace reinforcing bar, it is not necessary to lay reinforcing bar when construction, save the construction cost of bulkhead With, reduce the difficulty of construction at the bottom of storehouse, accelerate integral construction speed;Double-layer plate concrete combined structure improves the rigidity of bulkhead And intensity, it is effective against soil pressure and pressure, beneficially underground granary and develops to deeper bigger direction, increase this storehouse The scope of application of type, and it is more beneficial for the waterproof and dampproof problem of silo.
The two-sided steel plate concrete combinative structure of top, described storehouse 4 employing, top, described storehouse 4 arranges grain port 10, on top, described storehouse 4 Side arranges earthing 11.Two-sided steel plate concrete combinative structure structure has given full play to the resistance to compression of concrete and the resistance to tension of steel plate, Make large span Hold Ceiling structure stress more reasonable, and construction difficulty can be significantly reduced with steel plate as template when constructing Degree, also can accelerate speed of application simultaneously.Grain port arranges modernization turnover grain equipment, it is simple to the depositing and extracting of grain.
Described underground granary can realize the storage of solid granulates, powder material or liquid material.This underground granary sealing and Support property is fine, it is also possible to realizes powder, the storage of liquid material, coordinates different chargings and discharging equipment, apply the widest General.
Embodiment four
The present embodiment additionally provides the construction method of a kind of outsourcing Plastic preform assembled underground granary, comprises the steps:
1) according to designing the certain depth that requires to be driven underground by multiple function 1 in precalculated position;
2) in multiple function 1 surrounds region, excavate ground floor soil;
3) after excavating ground floor soil, ground floor prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is installed inside multiple function 1;
4), after installing ground floor prefabricated bulkhead plate 3, continue down to excavate second layer soil;
5) second layer prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is installed inside multiple function 1;
6) according to the above-mentioned 4th)-5) construction method of step, prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is installed downwards successively, until position at the bottom of storehouse;
7) carry out at the bottom of storehouse 4 to construct;
8) finally carry out Cang Ding construction, i.e. complete the overall structure of underground granary.
Multiple function be driven underground the degree of depth according to foundation bearing capacity, buoyancy, bulkhead soil pressure, grain lateral pressure many factors comprehensive and Fixed, when foundation bearing capacity can not meet engine request, now locating dowel and reinforcing prop can substitute for pile by erecting that silo transmits To pressure;It addition, multiple function and reinforcing prop can also replace uplift pile to resist the subsoil water buoyancy to silo;Multiple function energy Prefabricated bulkhead plate is vertically positioned with hoop, it is ensured that prefabricated bulkhead plate every layer is vertical vertical, and hoop forms an annulus, So that stress is more reasonable;After completing multiple function construction, install along fractional layer the most from top to bottom;Installing every layer During prefabricated bulkhead plate, first excavate height and be more than or equal to the sky of warehouse overall diameter more than or equal to prefabricated bulkhead plate height, diameter Between, ensure that the soil body does not caves in digging process simultaneously, install so could to prefabricated bulkhead plate and leave construction space, it is ensured that storehouse Wallboard construction safety is smoothed out;When cutting depth is below level of ground water, to first carry out precipitation, then excavate;Peace After installing every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate, slip casting between bulkhead surrounding soil and prefabricated bulkhead plate, it is ensured that when excavating next layer soil body, This layer soil body does not caves in, thus ensures safety when subsoil excavates.When every layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate is installed, first by outside bulkhead plate The outsourcing plastic plate of plastic flitch and adjacent multiple function or reinforcing prop welds, it is ensured that formed outside prefabricated bulkhead plate one airtight Waterproof layer, thus prevent subsoil water from flowing to or infiltering inside underground bin well, reach waterproof, moistureproof, the grain storage effect of antiseepage; Then with junction steel plate, horizontal bin wallboard is welded with adjacent multiple function, meanwhile, also with even inside level contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate Connect Plate Welding, between bulkhead plate, junction steel plate and multiple function or reinforcing prop, finally inject identical with bulkhead or high one-level strong The water-proof concrete of degree grade, so, not only ensure that prefabricated bulkhead plate is reliably connected with multiple function, and connects firm plate and exist Structure design aspect can strengthen the connection of adjacent bulkhead, provides the waterproof guarantee of node simultaneously.Adjacent level prefabricated bulkhead plate is constructed After, carrying out the construction of adjacent upper and lower two-layer prefabricated bulkhead plate, the vertical outside of adjacent upper and lower prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, its connection side Formula is as follows: outside a, neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate, plastic plate directly uses butt welding to connect and/or with connecting plastic plate welding even Connect, be close to inside the plastic plate of outside be welded to connect with junction steel plate, weld with junction steel plate inside the most neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate Connect in succession, in the cavity that contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate surrounds with junction steel plate, finally pour identical with a prefabricated bulkhead plate or high intensity The water-proof concrete of grade;Horizontal joint inside b, neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate the most directly uses butt welding to connect and/or uses Connect plastic plate to be welded to connect, be then close to inside butt weld or connection plastic plate be welded to connect with junction steel plate;C, first general The male of every piece of prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end is trapezoidal or semiellipse type plug to insert the female of contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate upper end trapezoidal or half ellipse In round slot, the horizontal joint inside the most neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate directly uses butt welding to connect and/or with connecting plastic plate It is welded to connect, is finally close to inside butt weld or connection plastic plate be welded to connect with junction steel plate.By above-mentioned construction method, from Excavating the soil body under up to successively and install prefabricated bulkhead plate, the cylinder warehouse structure of every layer of bulkhead plate formation can be as pattern foundation pit supporting structure body System, so, unites two into one silo warehouse structure with foundation pit supporting system well, has not only saved and individually carried out pattern foundation pit supporting structure The cost brought, is substantially reduced construction investment, and substantially reduces the construction period of whole engineering.
Finally illustrate, above example only in order to technical scheme to be described and unrestricted, those of ordinary skill in the art Other amendment or the equivalents being made technical scheme, without departing from spirit and the model of technical solution of the present invention Enclose, all should contain in the middle of scope of the presently claimed invention.

Claims (11)

1. a prefabricated assembled underground granary, including (5), polylith prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) at the bottom of storehouse, Cang Ding (4), multi-functional Post (1), described bulkhead plate (3) are that the concrete slab of outside plastic plate (13) and inner side is combined into overall structure, and periphery has Attachment means, can be attached with adjacent bulkhead plate (3), multiple function (1) by attachment means bulkhead plate (3);Described Being surrounded by plastic plate outside multiple function, can position bulkhead plate (3), it anchors into the degree of depth in soil and is more than (5) degree of depth at the bottom of storehouse, It is subject to soil pressure, grain lateral pressure and the main bearing member of opposing buoyancy;It is characterized in that: multiple function (1) is from up to Under be divided into several sections, be provided with ground floor bulkhead plate (3) inside the first paragraph of the superiors, inside second segment, be provided with second layer bulkhead plate (3), With above-mentioned similar set-up mode, until bottom one layer of bulkhead plate (3), form assembled underground granary structure.
2. underground granary as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) multiple function (1) Use steel column or be provided with the concrete column of steel embedded part.
3. underground granary as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the outside plastic plate (13) of described prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) Being provided with, relative to the upper and lower both sides of inner side concrete, part of encorbelmenting, the left and right sides is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, left and right end It is provided with L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab (17), encases the corner, inner side of concrete slab left and right end face;Bulkhead plate (3) upper and lower end is provided with L Shape pre-embedded steel slab, encases the corner, inner side of concrete slab upper and lower end face.
4. underground granary as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the outside plastic plate (13) of described bulkhead plate (3) Bulkhead plate all has below U-shaped cornerite, and the position being close to U-shaped cornerite plastic plate inside bulkhead plate (3) top is provided with the One pre-embedded steel slab (15), the position being close to U-shaped cornerite plastic plate in bulkhead plate (3) inner side below is provided with the second pre-embedded steel slab (16); The left and right sides in outside plastic plate (13) is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, and it is pre-that bulkhead plate (3) left and right end is provided with L-shaped Bury steel plate (17), encase the corner, inner side of concrete slab left and right end face.
5. underground granary as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: the outside plastic plate (13) of described bulkhead plate (3) Bulkhead plate all has cornerite below, and the position being close to cornerite plastic plate inside bulkhead plate (3) top is provided with the first pre-buried steel Plate (15), is provided with the second pre-embedded steel slab (16) at the position of bulkhead plate (3) inner side next-door neighbour cornerite plastic plate below;Outside is moulded The left and right sides of flitch (13) is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, and bulkhead plate (3) left and right end is provided with L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab (17), encasing the corner, inner side of concrete slab left and right end face, and lower end is provided with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, upper end sets There is trapezoidal or half elliptic groove.
6. the underground granary as described in claim 3 or 4 or 5, it is characterised in that: described prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) hoop water Average together, the outside plastic plate (13) of prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) welds, with first with the outsourcing plastic plate of multiple function (1) Prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) is welded together with multiple function (1) by junction steel plate (14) by L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab (17), L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab (17) is passed through by contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) at prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) inner side the second junction steel plate (6) Weld together, between hoop prefabricated bulkhead plate (3), pour identical with prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) or high strongest grade Water-proof concrete.
7. underground granary as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that: described first junction steel plate (14) is by right angled triangle Steel plate cuts away right angle and forms, and this first junction steel plate (14) is the most vertical with multiple function (1) and prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) end face Straight welding;First junction steel plate (14) is polylith, is uniformly distributed along plastic plate fillet welding.
8. underground granary as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: the vertical outside of described prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, phase up and down Adjacent prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) outside plastic plate directly uses butt welding connect and/or be welded to connect with connection plastic plate, is close to outside It is welded to connect with junction steel plate inside plastic plate;Neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) inner side junction steel plate is welded to connect;In phase The anti-water coagulation of identical with a prefabricated bulkhead plate or high strength grade is poured with junction steel plate in the cavity that adjacent prefabricated bulkhead plate surrounds Soil.
9. underground granary as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that: the vertical outside of described prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) is concordant, The horizontal joint of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) inner side directly uses butt welding connect and/or be welded to connect with connection plastic plate, Then it is close to inside butt weld or connection plastic plate be welded to connect with junction steel plate.
10. underground granary as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that: the vertical outside of described prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) is concordant, The male of every piece of prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) lower end is trapezoidal or semiellipse type plug inserts the female of contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) upper end In trapezoidal or semiellipse type slot;Neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) inner side horizontal joint directly use butt welding connect and/or It is welded to connect with connection plastic plate, is then close to inside butt weld or connection plastic plate be welded to connect with junction steel plate.
The construction method of 11. 1 kinds of underground granaries building the claims 1-10, it is characterised in that: described construction method bag Include following steps:
(1) according to designing the certain depth that requires to be driven underground by multiple function (1) in precalculated position;
(2) in multiple function (1) surrounds region, excavate ground floor soil;
(3) after excavating ground floor soil, in multiple function (1) inner side, ground floor prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) is installed;
(4), after installing ground floor prefabricated bulkhead plate (3), continue down to excavate second layer soil;
(5) in multiple function (1) inner side, the second layer prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) is installed;
(6) according to the construction method of above-mentioned (4th)-(5) step, prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) is installed downwards successively, until at the bottom of storehouse Position;
(7) (4) construction at the bottom of storehouse is carried out;
(8) finally carry out Cang Ding construction, i.e. complete the overall structure of underground granary.
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CN108222573B (en) * 2017-12-21 2019-11-29 浙江理工大学 A kind of farmland underground storage space and assembled method of construction

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