CN206035048U - Prefabricated assembled underground granary of interior plastic cover - Google Patents

Prefabricated assembled underground granary of interior plastic cover Download PDF

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Publication number
CN206035048U
CN206035048U CN201620675716.6U CN201620675716U CN206035048U CN 206035048 U CN206035048 U CN 206035048U CN 201620675716 U CN201620675716 U CN 201620675716U CN 206035048 U CN206035048 U CN 206035048U
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China
Prior art keywords
plate
bulkhead
prefabricated
bulkhead plate
plastic
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Withdrawn - After Issue
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CN201620675716.6U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
王振清
常晨辉
张昊
张淑媛
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Henan University of Technology
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Henan University of Technology
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Priority to CN201620675716.6U priority Critical patent/CN206035048U/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/51Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture specially adapted for storing agricultural or horticultural products

Abstract

The utility model provides a prefabricated assembled underground granary of interior plastic cover, at the bottom of includes the storehouse, the prefabricated bulkhead board of polylith, cang ding, multifunctional columnar the bulkhead board is inside and outside side plastic slab and the concrete slab between it combines into holistic structure, and the periphery has connecting device, can be connected with adjacent bulkhead board, multifunctional columnar through connecting device bulkhead board, the multifunctional columnar outsourcing has the plastic slab, can advance line location to the bulkhead board, and the degree of depth during its anchor buries is greater than the degree of depth at the bottom of the storehouse, is the main atress component that bears soil pressure, grain lateral pressure and resist buoyancy, its characterized in that: to lower minute round number section on the multifunctional columnar follow, the first section inboard of the superiors is equipped with first layer bulkhead board, and second section inboard is equipped with second floor bulkhead board, with the above -mentioned similar mode that sets up, up to bottom one deck bulkhead board, forms assembled underground granary structure.

Description

The prefabricated assembled underground granary of plastic material inside and outside a kind of
Technical field
The utility model is related to underground granary technical field, and in particular to the prefabricated assembled underground grain of plastic material inside and outside a kind of Storehouse.
Background technology
Underground granary is built under shallow layer surface, long-term low-temperature grain-storage, is kept grain quality, is suppressed insect pest to occur, it is to avoid It is stifling using toxic agents, resist corollary failure and many merits such as dual-purpose of drawing, many experts are consistent with scholar to think reasonable Popularization and application underground grain storehouse new system and new technology, can realize low-temperature environment-friendly, energy-conservation save land, detraction of guaranteeing the quality, ecological grain storage.
The existing underground granary of China typically in the relatively low general loess of level of ground water and is adapted to being stained with property area, such as cave dwelling Storehouse, loudspeaker storehouse, double curvature arch storehouse, semi-underground bin, hole shape loudspeaker storehouse;Simultaneously built underground bin mostly is brickwork construction, and capacity is little, accounts for Ground area is big, mechanization degree is low.
In order to build be useful in that level of ground water is higher, complex geological condition region can popularization and application Novel underground silo, Some national patents and document it is also proposed circular grain bin, and the large space Underground Rectangular that cylinder, semicircular cylinder are surrounded, stake enclose combined type , also there are some problem demanding prompt solutions, such as in the storehouse such as underground bin type, but the popularization and application of above-mentioned new storehouse type:(1) underground grain storage Storehouse has high standard waterproof, moistureproof requirement.Guarantee that warehouse is water-tight within service life, it is impermeable;Using web material it is easy Aging, working procedure is complicated, and difficulty is big, construction quality problem easily occurs.(2) the wet trade environment construction period of deep basal pit It is long.After excavation of foundation pit, precipitation, orlop plate is cast-in-place, bulkhead slding form operation needs long-time to carry out in wet trade environmental condition, and work is strong Degree is big, long construction period, and construction cost is high.(3) pattern foundation pit supporting structure is costly.For such deep basal pit, " piling bar+waist rail+water shutoff steel Plate " pattern foundation pit supporting structure is relatively inexpensive mode, but expense accounts for the 25-30% of civil engineering construction cost, and construction cost is higher.
A kind of underground granary of the disclosure of the invention of Application No. CN200910207155.1, including silo roof, bulkhead and orlop, The bulkhead Covered with Angles, steel plate can separately as the waterproof of bulkhead, damp-proof layer, also can bulkhead be connected to be formed with steel plate steel beam column The bulkhead of combining structure comes waterproof, protection against the tide.Underground granary bulkhead is shaped as linear or shaped form, such as cylindrical shape, square tube shape, Semicircle bulkhead etc..The invention solves the waterproof and dampproof problem of orlop plate by encased steel plate.Constructed in orlop simultaneously When, steel plate accelerates speed of application as template, reduces construction cost, but its construction is constructed for cast in situs, and the construction Method needs to carry out excavation of foundation pit, so there is the deficiencies such as integral constructing high cost, long construction period.
A kind of underground granary of the disclosure of the invention of Application No. CN200910207154.7, including silo roof, bulkhead and orlop, The bulkhead is divided into inner and outer wall, is linked to be entirety using connector between inwall and outer wall, forms cavity between inwall and outer wall, The cavity is used for the detection and reparation of underground granary leak, and detects for underground granary ventilation and grain feelings.The invention silo Excavation of foundation pit is also required to, there is the deficiencies such as construction trouble, construction cost height, long construction period.
Prefabricated construction is one of the effective way for realizing building structure industrialization and building energy conservation section row, for a long time with Come, mainly using the traditional work mode of site operation, industrialization degree is low for concrete construction, water consume, energy consumption, artificial rubbish, Quantity of wastewater effluent is big, does not meet the Sustainable development policies of national energy-saving and environmental protection.Using fabricated construction, can be pre- with factory System, assembled in situ, realize building structure industrialization, while material can be effectively improved in building energy conservation and the effect of structural behaviour Rate, energy saving and resource, the harmful effect of reduction building waste and environment, the restriction of reduction construction site etc..Therefore, in order to carry For it is a kind of " it is fast, good, save " the new storehouse type of underground grain storage, researching and developing prefabricated assembled Novel underground storehouse has become required.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide plastic material inside and outside a kind of prefabricated assembled underground granary, and this is prefabricated assembled The inside and outside plastic flitch of underground granary can replace waterproof roll, with preferable waterproof, anti-seepage effect and comprehensive benefit;Prefabricated storehouse Wallboard can be produced in prefabricated components factory normalization, processing and manufacturing quality can effective control again energy-conserving and environment-protective, Prefabricated is existing Assembling, mechanization installation, can crossed construction, shorten the construction period.In addition, prefabricated warehouse structure can be used as pattern foundation pit supporting structure System, saves pattern foundation pit supporting structure cost, reduces construction investment.
Solution of the present utility model is:A kind of prefabricated assembled underground granary, including orlop, the prefabricated bulkhead of polylith Plate, silo roof, multiple function, the bulkhead plate are that medial and lateral plastic plate and the concrete slab between which combine integral structure, Periphery has attachment means, can be attached with adjacent bulkhead plate, multiple function by attachment means bulkhead plate;The multiple function Plastic plate is surrounded by outward, bulkhead plate can be positioned, its depth anchored in soil is more than orlop depth, is subject to soil pressure, grain The main bearing member of food lateral pressure and opposing buoyancy;It is characterized in that:Multiple function is divided into several sections from top to bottom, the superiors Ground floor bulkhead plate is provided with the inside of first paragraph, second layer bulkhead plate is provided with the inside of second segment, with above-mentioned similar set-up mode, directly To bottom one layer of bulkhead plate, assembled underground granary structure is formed.
It is of the present utility model to be characterised by prefabricated bulkhead plate multiple function using steel column or be provided with the concrete column of steel embedded part, Multiple function is provided with the firm component of positioning.Multiple function will ensure which forms an entirety with the connecting elements of surrounding and receives jointly Power, so, can simply and easily be connected thereto Member Welding with steel column or the concrete column for being provided with steel embedded part;Multiple function is determined Position steel beam column can be accurately positioned when prefabricated bulkhead plate is installed, while before prefabricated bulkhead plate with multiple function welding Fixation is provided.Multiple function also outsourcing plastic plate, with gluing knot or with bolts, so, outsourcing between them Plastic plate not only can with multiple function keep effectively be connected, and its can with prefabricated bulkhead outsourcing plastics plate weld shape It is into closed waterproof, anti-to blend damp-proof layer.
The outside plastic plate for being further characterized in that prefabricated bulkhead plate of the present utility model is relative to the upper and lower both sides of inner side concrete Part of encorbelmenting is provided with, the left and right sides is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab;The left and right end of bulkhead plate is provided with the first L-shaped pre-buried steel Plate, encases the inner side corner of concrete slab or so end face, and bulkhead plate upper and lower end is provided with the second L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab, encases concrete The inner side corner of plate upper and lower end face;Inner side plastic plate extends to the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab on the inside of bulkhead plate or so side, upper and lower The second L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab is extended on the inside of side.So, the inside and outside plastic flitch of prefabricated bulkhead plate can replace waterproof roll, have Preferable waterproof, anti-seepage effect and comprehensive benefit;Plastic plate is connected with the holdfast of concrete makes the two form an entirety, holdfast The lower shear action between plastics and concrete slab of soil pressure effect can be resisted, while cohesive force is fine between holdfast and concrete Prevent plastic plate and concrete from departing from.It is heavy when outsourcing Plastic preform bulkhead plate not only avoids bulkhead waterproof coiled material construction Work, saves the engineering time of bulkhead waterproof, reduces labor cost;In addition, prefabricated bulkhead plate can be in prefabricated components work Factory's standardized production, processing and manufacturing quality can effective control again energy-conserving and environment-protective, Prefabricated Assembling, mechanization are installed and are applied Work, can crossed construction, shorten the construction period.The outside plastic plate of prefabricated bulkhead plate is provided with relative to the upper and lower both sides of inner side concrete Encorbelment part, so, when prefabricated bulkhead plate is vertically connected with, outsourcing plastic plate can be welded, so as to form an envelope vertical The waterproof layer for closing;The left and right sides of outside plastic plate is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, and the left and right end of bulkhead plate is provided with L-type Pre-embedded steel slab, encases the inner side corner of concrete slab or so end face, and so outside plastic plate can be outer plastic with multiple function Flitch is welded into the waterproof layer of closing in ring, meanwhile, the L-type pre-embedded steel slab at the left and right end of bulkhead plate can easily make phase Adjacent prefabricated bulkhead plate weld is into an entirety;Bulkhead plate upper and lower end is provided with L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab, encases concrete slab upper and lower end face Inner side corner, as such, it is possible to upper and lower prefabricated bulkhead plate be connected into by the L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab junction steel plate of upper and lower bulkhead One overall force structure;Inner side plastic plate extends to the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab on the inside of bulkhead plate or so side, in upper and lower side Side extends to the second L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab, so, up and down on the inside of prefabricated bulkhead plate plastic plate vertical and ring can easily with On the inside of its adjacent bulkhead plate, plastic plate is welded into the waterproof layer of closing.
The outside plastic plate for being further characterized in that prefabricated bulkhead plate of the present utility model has U-shaped bag on bulkhead plate below Angle, and following inner side is provided with pre-embedded steel slab close to the position of U-shaped cornerite plastic plate on bulkhead plate;The left and right two of outside plastic plate Side is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, and the left and right end of bulkhead plate is provided with the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab, encases concrete slab or so The inner side corner of end face;Inner side plastic plate extends to pre-embedded steel slab on the inside of the upper and lower side of bulkhead plate, extends to the on the inside of the side of left and right One L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab.So, the outsourcing plastic plate of prefabricated bulkhead plate can replace waterproof roll, imitate with preferable waterproof, antiseepage Fruit and comprehensive benefit;Plastic plate is connected with the holdfast of concrete makes the two form an entirety, and holdfast can resist soil pressure masterpiece With shear action between lower plastics and concrete slab, while cohesive force prevents plastic plate well and mixes between holdfast and concrete Solidifying soil departs from.Outsourcing Plastic preform bulkhead plate not only avoids hard work during bulkhead waterproof coiled material construction, saves bulkhead The engineering time of waterproof, reduce labor cost;In addition, prefabricated bulkhead plate can be produced in prefabricated components factory normalization, plus Work workmanship can effective control again energy-conserving and environment-protective, Prefabricated Assembling, mechanization installation, can crossed construction, Shorten the construction period.Outside plastic plate be provided with U-shaped cornerite on bulkhead plate below, so, when prefabricated bulkhead plate is vertically connected with outside Plastic flitch can carry out butt welding or with connection plastics plate weld, so as in the vertical waterproof layer for forming a closing;Storehouse Position on the inside of wallboard top close to U-shaped cornerite plastic plate is provided with the first pre-embedded steel slab, in the following inner side of bulkhead plate close to U-shaped bag The position of angle plastic plate is provided with the second pre-embedded steel slab, and so, prefabricated bulkhead plate can be by the first pre-buried steel of lower bulkhead up and down Second pre-embedded steel slab junction steel plate of plate and upper bulkhead connects into an overall force structure;The left and right sides of outside plastic plate Concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, the left and right end of bulkhead plate is provided with L-type pre-embedded steel slab, encases concrete slab or so end face Inner side corner, so outside plastic plate can be welded into the waterproof layer of closing with the outsourcing plastic plate of multiple function in ring, together When, the L-type pre-embedded steel slab at the left and right end of bulkhead plate can easily make contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate weld into an entirety;Inner side Plastic plate extends to pre-embedded steel slab on the inside of the upper and lower side of bulkhead plate, extends to the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab on the inside of the side of left and right, so, On the inside of prefabricated bulkhead plate, plastic plate can easily be adjacent plastic plate on the inside of bulkhead plate and be welded in vertical and ring up and down The waterproof layer of closing.
The outside plastic plate for being further characterized in that prefabricated bulkhead plate of the present utility model has cornerite on bulkhead plate below, and The first pre-embedded steel slab is provided with close to the position of cornerite plastic plate on the inside of bulkhead plate top, in the following inner side of bulkhead plate close to cornerite The position of plastic plate is provided with the second pre-embedded steel slab;The left and right sides of outside plastic plate is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, storehouse The left and right end of wallboard is provided with the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab, encases the inner side corner of concrete slab or so end face;Inner side plastic plate is in storehouse Pre-embedded steel slab is extended on the inside of the upper and lower side of wallboard, extends to the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab, and lower end is provided with male on the inside of the side of left and right Trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, upper end are provided with trapezoidal or half elliptic groove.So, the outsourcing plastic plate of prefabricated bulkhead plate can generation For waterproof roll, with preferable waterproof, anti-seepage effect and comprehensive benefit;Plastic plate is connected with the holdfast of concrete makes the two shape Into an entirety, holdfast can resist the lower shear action between plastics and concrete slab of soil pressure effect, while holdfast and coagulation Between soil, cohesive force prevents plastic plate from departing from concrete well.Outsourcing Plastic preform bulkhead plate not only avoids bulkhead waterproof Hard work when coiled material is constructed, saves the engineering time of bulkhead waterproof, reduces labor cost;In addition, prefabricated bulkhead Plate can be produced in prefabricated components factory normalization, processing and manufacturing quality can effective control again energy-conserving and environment-protective, Prefabricated scene Assembling, mechanization installation, can crossed construction, shorten the construction period.Outside plastic plate is provided with cornerite on bulkhead plate below, So, when prefabricated bulkhead plate is vertically connected with outsourcing plastic plate can carry out butt welding or with connection plastics plate weld, so as to The vertical waterproof layer for forming a closing;Position on the inside of bulkhead plate top close to U-shaped cornerite plastic plate is provided with the first pre-buried steel Plate, is provided with the second pre-embedded steel slab in the following inner side of bulkhead plate close to the position of U-shaped cornerite plastic plate, so, upper and lower prefabricated bulkhead Plate can connect into an entirety by the second pre-embedded steel slab junction steel plate of the first pre-embedded steel slab of lower bulkhead and upper bulkhead Force structure;The left and right sides of outside plastic plate is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, and it is pre- that the left and right end of bulkhead plate is provided with L-type Steel plate is buried, the inner side corner of concrete slab or so end face is encased, so outside plastic plate can be with the outsourcing plastics of multiple function Plate is welded into the waterproof layer of closing in ring, meanwhile, the L-type pre-embedded steel slab at the left and right end of bulkhead plate easily can make adjacent Prefabricated bulkhead plate weld is into an entirety;Inner side plastic plate extends to pre-embedded steel slab, left and right Bian Nei on the inside of the upper and lower side of bulkhead plate Side extends to the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab, so, up and down on the inside of prefabricated bulkhead plate plastic plate vertical and ring can easily with On the inside of its adjacent bulkhead plate, plastic plate is welded into the waterproof layer of closing;Prefabricated bulkhead plate left end is provided with that male is trapezoidal or half elliptic Plug, right-hand member are provided with trapezoidal or half elliptic groove, are attached so can easily contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, so as to add Fast speed of application, greatly shortens construction period.
It is of the present utility model to be further characterized in that prefabricated bulkhead plate ring level is concordant, the outside plastic plate of prefabricated bulkhead plate with The outsourcing plastics plate weld of multiple function, passes through the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab by prefabricated bulkhead plate and many work(with the first junction steel plate Energy post welds together, and on the inside of prefabricated bulkhead plate passes through the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab by contiguous prefabricated storehouse with the second junction steel plate Wallboard welds together, and pours the waterproof of identical with prefabricated bulkhead plate or high strongest grade between the prefabricated bulkhead plate of ring Concrete.So, on the outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate, on the outside of plastics and multiple function, plastics plate weld ensure that outside plastic plate in ring The waterproof layer of a closing is formed, so as to effective waterproof be carried out to prefabricated bulkhead;In terms of the structure design of node, herein Prefabricated bulkhead plate is welded with multiple function or reinforcing prop by the L-type steel plate that prefabricated bulkhead plate or so is held with the first junction steel plate Together, meanwhile, be welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of bulkhead plate, so, multiple function, junction steel plate, prefabricated bulkhead with And its between concrete define overall structure, make node that there is stronger bending resistance, shearing resistance and anti-pressure ability, and node apply The fairly simple convenience of work;In addition, inner side steel plate is in addition to stress, the second waterproof measure being also used as at node.
Of the present utility model to be further characterized in that the first junction steel plate cuts away right angle by right angled triangle steel plate and forms, this first Junction steel plate and multiple function and the equal vertical welding of prefabricated bulkhead plate end face;First junction steel plate is polylith, along plastic plate angle Weldering is uniformly distributed.It is in order that moulding on the outside of plastic plate and multiple function on the outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate that first junction steel plate is provided with corner cut The elongated plastics angle welding of flitch does not spatially conflict;First junction steel plate and multiple function or reinforcing prop and prefabricated bulkhead plate end The equal vertical welding in face, on the one hand improves prefabricated bulkhead plate ring connecting node bending resistance and shearing ability, on the other hand along plastics The equally distributed junction steel plate of plate angle welding affects little to the packing after the mobility of concrete and concrete vibrating, energy Ensure the construction quality of concrete at node.
It is of the present utility model to be further characterized in that the vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, mould on the outside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate Flitch is directly connected and/or is welded to connect with connection plastic plate using butt welding, is close to use junction steel plate on the inside of the plastic plate of outside It is welded to connect;It is welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate;In contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate and junction steel plate The water-proof concrete of identical with a prefabricated bulkhead plate or high strength grade is poured in the cavity for surrounding.Soil pressure on the outside of underground bin Lateral pressure of the big grain in the inner to bulkhead, so in bulkhead structure design, during hole capital after selling all securities, underground bin is only by soil pressure Force status are worst, and the soil body gradually increases to the pressure of bulkhead from top to bottom actually along bulkhead, therefore, per layer is pre- The thickness of bulkhead plate processed should carry out variable cross-section design according to bulkhead loading characteristic could more rationally, bulkhead expenditure of construction ability It is more economical.The vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, can both make per layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate be easier to weld with multiple function and fixed Position, inner side can also could be adjusted to meet rational variable cross-section design requirement according to actual loading situation.Outside plastic plate is straight Connect, on the outside of so prefabricated bulkhead plate, an envelope is formed vertical The waterproof layer for closing, so that be properly arrived at waterproof, antiseepage, moistureproof effect;It is close to be welded with junction steel plate on the inside of the plastic plate of outside Connect in succession, so on the one hand strengthen the connection of upper and lower bulkhead, on the other hand increased second waterproof measure;It is neighbouring prefabricated It is welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of bulkhead plate, so on the one hand strengthens the connection of upper and lower bulkhead, on the other hand increased the 3rd Road waterproof measure;The waterproof with prefabricated bulkhead plate ad eundem is poured in the cavity that contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate and junction steel plate are surrounded Concrete, so neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate connecting node stress are more reasonable, the simpler convenience of node construction.
It is of the present utility model to be further characterized in that the vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate Horizontal joint is directly connected and/or is welded to connect with connection plastic plate using butt welding, is then close to butt weld or connection plastics It is welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of plate.So, the horizontal joint on the inside of prefabricated bulkhead plate is directly connected and/or is used using butt welding Connection plastics plate weld makes bulkhead in the vertical waterproof for forming a closing;It is close on the inside of butt weld or connection plastic plate with company Connecing steel plate and being welded to connect makes the prefabricated bulkhead plate shape of levels into an overall structure.
It is of the present utility model to be further characterized in that the vertical outside of prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, the male of prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end per block Trapezoidal or semiellipse type plug insert contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate upper end female is trapezoidal or semiellipse type slot in;It is neighbouring pre- Horizontal joint on the inside of bulkhead plate processed is directly connected and/or is welded to connect with connection plastic plate using butt welding, is then close to docking It is welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of weld seam or connection plastic plate.The male of per layer of prefabricated bulkhead plate lower end is trapezoidal or semiellipse type Plug provides positioning and connection function when can install for adjacent lower bulkhead plate, the female of lower floor's bulkhead plate upper end is trapezoidal or half Ellipse slot can play the relative displacement of constraint radial direction, resist the shearing of node point connection.On the inside of prefabricated bulkhead plate Horizontal joint is directly connected using butt welding and/or makes bulkhead in the vertical waterproof for forming a closing with connection plastics plate weld; Be close to be welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of butt weld or connection plastic plate the prefabricated bulkhead plate shape of levels is made into an entirety Structure.
It is of the present utility model to be further characterized in that plastic plate connection plastic plate connection on the inside of contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate, connection modeling On the inside of flitch and prefabricated bulkhead plate, plastic plate is gluing or welding.The connection plastic plate of the overlapping part of upper and lower two-layer bulkhead plate makes On the inside of neighbouring bulkhead, plastic plate forms the waterproof layer of a closing, so as to preventing subsurface flow from entering well or infiltering underground Inside storehouse.
It is of the present utility model to be characterised by orlop using two-sided steel plate concrete combining structure, on base plate lower steel plate and its it Between concrete using holdfast connect.This two-sided combining structure bulkhead light plate as orlop plate template and replace reinforcing bar, The operating expenses of bulkhead is saved, the difficulty of construction of bulkhead is reduced, accelerates integral construction speed;Double-layer plate concrete combined structure The rigidity and intensity of bulkhead is improve, soil pressure and pressure is effective against, is conducive to underground bin to deeper bigger direction Send out and open, increase the scope of application of the storehouse type, and be more beneficial for the waterproof and dampproof problem of silo.
It is of the present utility model to be further characterized in that silo roof adopts concrete-armor Plate.So, said structure is fully sent out Can when having waved the resistance to compression of concrete and the resistance to tension of steel plate, made large span Hold Ceiling structure stress more reasonable, and having constructed Difficulty of construction is significantly reduced using with steel plate as template, while can also accelerate speed of application.
The multiple function and reinforcing prop for being characterised by underground granary of the present utility model adopts section form for straight line or song The open tubular column of line or solid post.
Description of the drawings
First, second and third kind of underground bin floor plan of Fig. 1
First, second and third kind of underground bin section layout drawing of Fig. 2
The prefabricated bulkhead plate schematic cross-section of the first monolithic of Fig. 3
The prefabricated bulkhead plate schematic cross-section of second monolithic of Fig. 4
The prefabricated bulkhead plate schematic cross-section of the third monolithic of Fig. 5
First, second and third kind of precast slab horizontal layout schematic diagram of Fig. 6
Fig. 7 the first bulkhead node schematic diagram
Second bulkhead node schematic diagram of Fig. 8
Fig. 9 the third bulkhead node schematic diagram
In accompanying drawing:1 is multiple function;3 is prefabricated bulkhead;4 is silo roof;5 is orlop;6 is the second junction steel plate;10 be into Grain outlet;11 is earthing;12 is water-proof concrete;13 is inner side plastics;14 is the first junction steel plate;15 is pre-embedded steel slab;17 For the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab;18 is outside plastics;19 is the second L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab.
Specific embodiment
Embodiment one
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 6, Fig. 7:Present embodiments provide the prefabricated assembled underground of plastic material inside and outside one kind Silo.It is medial and lateral plastic plate 13 including the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 of orlop 5, polylith, silo roof 4, multiple function 1, the bulkhead plate 3, 18 and concrete slab between which combine integral structure, periphery has attachment means, can be with phase by attachment means bulkhead plate 3 Adjacent bulkhead plate 3, multiple function 1 are attached;Plastic plate is surrounded by outside the multiple function, bulkhead plate 3 can be positioned.Many work( Energy post 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, is provided with ground floor bulkhead plate 3, is provided with second on the inside of second segment on the inside of the first paragraph of the superiors Layer bulkhead plate 3, with above-mentioned similar set-up mode, until bottom one layer of bulkhead plate 3, forms assembled underground granary structure.
Described 3 multiple function 1 of prefabricated bulkhead plate is using steel column or is provided with the concrete column of steel embedded part.
The outside plastic plate 13 of the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is provided with part of encorbelmenting relative to the upper and lower both sides of inner side concrete, left Right both sides are concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab;3 left and right end of bulkhead plate is provided with the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17, encases concrete The inner side corner of plate or so end face, 3 upper and lower end of bulkhead plate are provided with the second L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 19, encase concrete slab upper and lower end face Inner side corner;Inner side plastic plate extends to the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17 on the inside of 3 or so side of bulkhead plate, prolongs on the inside of upper and lower side Extend the second L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 19.
The 3 ring level of prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, and the outside plastic plate 13 of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is outer with multiple function 1 Prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 and multiple function 1 are welded by the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17 by plastic flitch welding with the first junction steel plate 14 It is connected together, passes through the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17 by contiguous prefabricated bulkhead with the second junction steel plate 6 on the inside of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 Plate 3 welds together, and pours the anti-of identical with prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 or high strongest grade between the prefabricated bulkhead plate of ring 3 Water coagulation soil.
First junction steel plate 14 cuts away right angle by right angled triangle steel plate and forms, first junction steel plate 14 and many work( Can post 1 and the equal vertical welding of prefabricated 3 end face of bulkhead plate;First junction steel plate 14 is polylith, is uniformly distributed along plastic plate fillet welding.
The vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, and neighbouring 3 outside plastic plate of prefabricated bulkhead plate is directly using docking Weldering connects and/or is welded to connect with connection plastic plate, is close to be welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of the plastic plate of outside;It is neighbouring It is welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3;Pour in the cavity that contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate and junction steel plate are surrounded The water-proof concrete of an or high strength grade identical with prefabricated bulkhead plate.
In the connection plastic plate connection of contiguous prefabricated 3 inner side plastic plate of bulkhead plate 18, connection plastic plate and prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 Side plastic plate 18 is gluing or welds.
Embodiment two
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 4, Fig. 6, Fig. 8:Present embodiments provide the prefabricated assembled underground of plastic material inside and outside one kind Silo.It is medial and lateral plastic plate 13 including the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 of orlop 5, polylith, silo roof 4, multiple function 1, the bulkhead plate 3, 18 and concrete slab between which combine integral structure, periphery has attachment means, can be with phase by attachment means bulkhead plate 3 Adjacent bulkhead plate 3, multiple function 1 are attached;Plastic plate is surrounded by outside the multiple function, bulkhead plate 3 can be positioned.Many work( Energy post 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, is provided with ground floor bulkhead plate 3, is provided with second on the inside of second segment on the inside of the first paragraph of the superiors Layer bulkhead plate 3, with above-mentioned similar set-up mode, until bottom one layer of bulkhead plate 3, forms assembled underground granary structure.
Described 3 multiple function 1 of prefabricated bulkhead plate is using steel column or is provided with the concrete column of steel embedded part.
The outside plastic plate 13 of the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 has U-shaped cornerite on bulkhead plate below, and on bulkhead plate 3 Following inner side is provided with pre-embedded steel slab 15 close to the position of U-shaped cornerite plastic plate;The left and right sides of outside plastic plate 13 and concrete The left and right end face of plate is concordant, and 3 left and right end of bulkhead plate is provided with the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17, encases the interior of concrete slab or so end face Side angle;Inner side plastic plate 13 extends to pre-embedded steel slab 15 on the inside of 3 upper and lower side of bulkhead plate, extends to a L on the inside of the side of left and right Shape pre-embedded steel slab 17
The 3 ring level of prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, and the outside plastic plate 13 of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is outer with multiple function 1 Prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 and multiple function 1 are welded by the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17 by plastic flitch welding with the first junction steel plate 14 It is connected together, passes through the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17 by contiguous prefabricated bulkhead with the second junction steel plate 6 on the inside of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 Plate 3 welds together, and pours the anti-of identical with prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 or high strongest grade between the prefabricated bulkhead plate of ring 3 Water coagulation soil.
First junction steel plate 14 cuts away right angle by right angled triangle steel plate and forms, first junction steel plate 14 and many work( Can post 1 and the equal vertical welding of prefabricated 3 end face of bulkhead plate;First junction steel plate 14 is polylith, is uniformly distributed along plastic plate fillet welding.
3 vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, and the horizontal joint on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is directly using right Connect weldering connection and/or be welded to connect with connection plastic plate, be then close to junction steel plate be used on the inside of butt weld or connection plastic plate It is welded to connect.
In the connection plastic plate connection of contiguous prefabricated 3 inner side plastic plate of bulkhead plate 18, connection plastic plate and prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 Side plastic plate 18 is gluing or welds.
Embodiment three
As shown in Figure 1, Figure 2, shown in Fig. 5, Fig. 6, Fig. 9:Present embodiments provide the prefabricated assembled underground of plastic material inside and outside one kind Silo.It is medial and lateral plastic plate 13 including the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 of orlop 5, polylith, silo roof 4, multiple function 1, the bulkhead plate 3, 18 and concrete slab between which combine integral structure, periphery has attachment means, can be with phase by attachment means bulkhead plate 3 Adjacent bulkhead plate 3, multiple function 1 are attached;Plastic plate is surrounded by outside the multiple function, bulkhead plate 3 can be positioned.Many work( Energy post 1 is divided into several sections from top to bottom, is provided with ground floor bulkhead plate 3, is provided with second on the inside of second segment on the inside of the first paragraph of the superiors Layer bulkhead plate 3, with above-mentioned similar set-up mode, until bottom one layer of bulkhead plate 3, forms assembled underground granary structure.
Described 3 multiple function 1 of prefabricated bulkhead plate is using steel column or is provided with the concrete column of steel embedded part.
The outside plastic plate 13 of the prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 has cornerite on bulkhead plate below, and in 3 top of bulkhead plate Side is provided with the first pre-embedded steel slab 15 close to the position of cornerite plastic plate, the following inner side of bulkhead plate 3 close to cornerite plastic plate portion Position is provided with the second pre-embedded steel slab 16;The left and right sides of outside plastic plate 13 is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, bulkhead plate 3 Left and right end is provided with the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17, encases the inner side corner of concrete slab or so end face;Inner side plastic plate 13 is in storehouse Wallboard extends to pre-embedded steel slab 15 on the inside of 3 upper and lower side, extends to the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17 on the inside of the side of left and right, and lower end is provided with Male is trapezoidal or half elliptic plug, and upper end is provided with trapezoidal or half elliptic groove.
The 3 ring level of prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, and the outside plastic plate 13 of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 is outer with multiple function 1 Prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 and multiple function 1 are welded by the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17 by plastic flitch welding with the first junction steel plate 14 It is connected together, passes through the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab 17 by contiguous prefabricated bulkhead with the second junction steel plate 6 on the inside of prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 Plate 3 welds together, and pours the anti-of identical with prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 or high strongest grade between the prefabricated bulkhead plate of ring 3 Water coagulation soil.
First junction steel plate 14 cuts away right angle by right angled triangle steel plate and forms, first junction steel plate 14 and many work( Can post 1 and the equal vertical welding of prefabricated 3 end face of bulkhead plate;First junction steel plate 14 is polylith, is uniformly distributed along plastic plate fillet welding.
3 vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, and per block, the male of prefabricated 3 lower end of bulkhead plate is trapezoidal or semiellipse type is inserted The female of contiguous prefabricated 3 upper end of bulkhead plate of head insertion is trapezoidal or semiellipse type slot in;On the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 Horizontal joint is directly connected and/or is welded to connect with connection plastic plate using butt welding, is then close to butt weld or connection plastics It is welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of plate.
In the connection plastic plate connection of contiguous prefabricated 3 inner side plastic plate of bulkhead plate 18, connection plastic plate and prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 Side plastic plate 18 is gluing or welds.
Example IV
As depicted in figs. 1 and 2:Present embodiments provide the prefabricated assembled underground granary of plastic material inside and outside one kind.Including storehouse The prefabricated bulkhead plate 3 in bottom 5, polylith, silo roof 4, multiple function 1, the bulkhead plate 3 are between medial and lateral plastic plate 13,18 and its Concrete slab combines integral structure, and periphery has attachment means, can be with adjacent bulkhead plate 3, many by attachment means bulkhead plate 3 Functional column 1 is attached;Plastic plate is surrounded by outside the multiple function, bulkhead plate 3 can be positioned.Multiple function 1 is from up to Under be divided into several sections, be provided with ground floor bulkhead plate 3 on the inside of the first paragraph of the superiors, on the inside of second segment, be provided with second layer bulkhead plate 3, use Above-mentioned similar set-up mode, until bottom one layer of bulkhead plate 3, forms assembled underground granary structure.
The orlop 5 is pyramidal structure, and the orlop 5 is using two-sided steel plate concrete combining structure.This steel plate coagulation Native combining structure light plate as orlop plate template and replace reinforcing bar, it is not necessary to lay reinforcing bar in construction, save bulkhead Operating expenses, reduces the difficulty of construction of orlop, accelerates integral construction speed;Double-layer plate concrete combined structure improves bulkhead Rigidity and intensity, be effective against soil pressure and pressure, be conducive to underground granary to develop to deeper bigger direction, increase The scope of application of the storehouse type, and it is more beneficial for the waterproof and dampproof problem of silo.
The silo roof 4 adopts two-sided steel plate concrete combining structure, the silo roof 4 to arrange grain port 10, the silo roof 4 Top arranges earthing 11.Two-sided steel plate concrete combining structure structure has given full play to the resistance to compression of concrete and the tension energy of steel plate Power, makes large span Hold Ceiling structure stress more reasonable, and can significantly reduce and apply with steel plate as template when constructing Work difficulty, while can also accelerate speed of application.Grain port is arranged and is modernized into the equipment of putting out cereal, and is easy to the storage of grain and is carried Take.
The underground granary can realize the storage of solid granulates, powder material or liquid material.The underground granary is sealed Property and supportive it is fine, it is also possible to realize to powder, the storage of liquid material, coordinate different chargings and discharging equipment, application It is quite varied.
Finally illustrate, above example only to illustrate the technical solution of the utility model and unrestricted, this area Other modifications or equivalent that those of ordinary skill is made to the technical solution of the utility model, without departing from this practicality The spirit and scope of new technique scheme, all should cover in the middle of right of the present utility model.

Claims (11)

1. a kind of prefabricated assembled underground granary, including orlop (5), polylith prefabricated bulkhead plate (3), silo roof (4), multiple function (1), described bulkhead plate (3) are that (13, the concrete slab 18) and between which combines integral structure, week to medial and lateral plastic plate While there are attachment means, can be attached with adjacent bulkhead plate (3), multiple function (1) by attachment means bulkhead plate (3);It is described Plastic plate being surrounded by outside multiple function, bulkhead plate (3) being positioned, its depth anchored in soil is more than orlop (5) depth, is Bear the main bearing member of soil pressure, grain lateral pressure and opposing buoyancy;It is characterized in that:Multiple function (1) is from top to bottom It is divided into several sections, on the inside of the first paragraph of the superiors, is provided with ground floor bulkhead plate (3), on the inside of second segment, is provided with second layer bulkhead plate (3), With above-mentioned similar set-up mode, until bottom one layer of bulkhead plate (3), assembled underground granary structure is formed.
2. underground granary as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:Described prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) multiple function (1) adopts Steel column is provided with the concrete column of steel embedded part.
3. underground granary as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The outside plastic plate (13) of prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) Part of encorbelmenting is provided with relative to the upper and lower both sides of inner side concrete, the left and right sides is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab;Bulkhead plate (3) left and right end is provided with the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab (17), encases the inner side corner of concrete slab or so end face, on bulkhead plate (3), Lower end is provided with the second L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab (19), encases the inner side corner of concrete slab upper and lower end face;Inner side plastic plate is in bulkhead plate (3) the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab (17) is extended on the inside of the side of left and right, extends to the second L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab (19) on the inside of upper and lower side.
4. underground granary as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The outside plastic plate (13) of prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) There is U-shaped cornerite on bulkhead plate below, and following inner side is provided with close to the position of U-shaped cornerite plastic plate on bulkhead plate (3) Pre-embedded steel slab (15);The left and right sides in outside plastic plate (13) is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, and bulkhead plate (3) is left and right End is provided with the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab (17), encases the inner side corner of concrete slab or so end face;Inner side plastic plate (13) is in bulkhead Plate (3) extends to pre-embedded steel slab (15) on the inside of upper and lower side, extends to the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab (17) on the inside of the side of left and right.
5. underground granary as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:The outside plastic plate (13) of prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) There is below cornerite on bulkhead plate, and to be provided with first pre-buried close to the position of cornerite plastic plate on the inside of bulkhead plate (3) top Steel plate (15), is provided with the second pre-embedded steel slab (16) in the following inner side of bulkhead plate (3) close to the position of cornerite plastic plate;Outside plastics The left and right sides of plate (13) is concordant with the left and right end face of concrete slab, and the left and right end of bulkhead plate (3) is provided with the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab (17), encase the inner side corner of concrete slab or so end face;Inner side plastic plate (13) extends on the inside of the upper and lower side of bulkhead plate (3) To pre-embedded steel slab (15), the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab (17) on the inside of the side of left and right, is extended to, and lower end is provided with that male is trapezoidal or semiellipse Shape plug, upper end are provided with trapezoidal or half elliptic groove.
6. the underground granary as described in claim 3 or 4 or 5, it is characterised in that:Prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) the ring level is put down Together, the outside plastic plate (13) of prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) and the outsourcing plastics plate weld of multiple function (1), use the first junction steel plate (14) prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) are welded together with multiple function (1) by the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab (17), in prefabricated bulkhead Contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) are welded on into one with the second junction steel plate (6) by the first L-shaped pre-embedded steel slab (17) on the inside of plate (3) Rise, pour the anti-water coagulation of identical with prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) or high strongest grade between ring prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) Soil.
7. underground granary as claimed in claim 6, it is characterised in that:First junction steel plate (14) are by right angled triangle steel Plate cuts away right angle and forms, first junction steel plate (14) and multiple function (1) and the equal vertical welding of prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) end face Connect;First junction steel plate (14) is polylith, is uniformly distributed along plastic plate fillet welding.
8. underground granary as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that:The vertical outside of the prefabricated bulkhead plate is concordant, up and down phase On the outside of adjacent prefabricated bulkhead plate (3), plastic plate is directly connected and/or is welded to connect with connection plastic plate using butt welding, is close to outside It is welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of plastic plate;It is welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate (3);In phase The waterproof for pouring identical with a prefabricated bulkhead plate or high strength grade in the cavity that adjacent prefabricated bulkhead plate and junction steel plate are surrounded is mixed Solidifying soil.
9. underground granary as claimed in claim 4, it is characterised in that:Prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) vertical outside is concordant, up and down Horizontal joint on the inside of contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) is directly connected and/or is welded to connect with connection plastic plate using butt welding, then It is close to be welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of butt weld or connection plastic plate.
10. underground granary as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that:Prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) vertical outside is concordant, often The male of block prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) lower end is trapezoidal or the female ladder of semiellipse type plug insertion contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) upper end In shape or semiellipse type slot;Horizontal joint on the inside of neighbouring prefabricated bulkhead plate (3) is directly connected and/or is used using butt welding Connection plastic plate is welded to connect, and is then close to be welded to connect with junction steel plate on the inside of butt weld or connection plastic plate.
11. underground granaries as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that:On the inside of contiguous prefabricated bulkhead plate (3), plastic plate (18) is used Connection plastic plate connection, on the inside of connection plastic plate and prefabricated bulkhead plate (3), plastic plate (18) is gluing or welding.
CN201620675716.6U 2016-06-29 2016-06-29 Prefabricated assembled underground granary of interior plastic cover Withdrawn - After Issue CN206035048U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105971354A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-09-28 河南工业大学 Inner and outer plastic wrapping prefabricated underground barn

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105971354A (en) * 2016-06-29 2016-09-28 河南工业大学 Inner and outer plastic wrapping prefabricated underground barn

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