CN105911612B - A kind of multifunctional in-situ long-term observation device - Google Patents

A kind of multifunctional in-situ long-term observation device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105911612B
CN105911612B CN201610382216.8A CN201610382216A CN105911612B CN 105911612 B CN105911612 B CN 105911612B CN 201610382216 A CN201610382216 A CN 201610382216A CN 105911612 B CN105911612 B CN 105911612B
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China
Prior art keywords
body supports
observing
multifunctional
monitoring unit
controlling
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CN201610382216.8A
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CN105911612A (en
Inventor
郑红剑
刘飞
王春光
祝汉柱
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WUHAN PENESON TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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WUHAN PENESON TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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    • GPHYSICS
    • G01MEASURING; TESTING
    • G01VGEOPHYSICS; GRAVITATIONAL MEASUREMENTS; DETECTING MASSES OR OBJECTS; TAGS
    • G01V11/00Prospecting or detecting by methods combining techniques covered by two or more of main groups G01V1/00 - G01V9/00

Abstract

Multifunctional in-situ long-term observation device provided by the invention, it is related to ocean exploration equipment field, it can effectively realize to abyssal floor engineering geological condition such as pH value, oxidation-reduction potential, sow discord pore pressure, resistivity, the Quantitative Monitoring of temperature etc., technical support is provided for deep-sea study of engineering geology, technical scheme of the present invention includes body supports part, floatation part, observing and controlling and communication unit, geology monitoring unit, multifunctional in-situ test probe, the body supports part is rod-like element, the observing and controlling is set to body supports part upper end with communication unit, floatation part is connected to observing and controlling and communication unit upper end, the multifunctional in-situ test probe is set to body supports part lower end, the geology monitoring unit is set on body supports part, pass through observing and controlling above cable connection and communication unit.

Description

A kind of multifunctional in-situ long-term observation device
Technical field
The present invention relates to ocean exploration equipment field, specially a kind of multifunctional in-situ long-term observation device.
Background technology
As implementation is researched and developed at national deep-sea, accelerates the construction of marine engineering geology subject, serve state The development of family's marine cause, promotes investigation ability and innovation level is of great significance.
The observation effect of current existing submarine observation equipment is poor, inconvenient to use, can not carry out quantitative detection, therefore Lead to that the investigative technique of deep-sea engineering geology can not be improved.
Invention content
Multifunctional in-situ long-term observation device provided by the invention can effectively be realized to abyssal floor engineering geological condition such as PH value, oxidation-reduction potential, the Quantitative Monitoring for sowing discord pore pressure, resistivity, temperature etc., technology is provided for deep-sea study of engineering geology Support.
Technical program of the present invention lies in:It is single including body supports part, floatation part, observing and controlling and communication unit, geology monitoring Member, multifunctional in-situ test probe, the body supports part are rod-like element, and the observing and controlling is set to body supports part with communication unit Upper end, floatation part are connected to observing and controlling and communication unit upper end, and the multifunctional in-situ test probe is set to body supports part lower end, The geology monitoring unit is set on body supports part, passes through observing and controlling above cable connection and communication unit.
The body supports part is hollow tubular structures, the observing and controlling and communication unit packet as a preferred embodiment of the above solution, Observing and controlling cabin and the powerhouse dome being connect with observing and controlling cabin and underwater communication beacon are included, deep-sea watertight connector is equipped in the powerhouse dome, For charging to powerhouse dome under the auxiliary of robot under water.
The geology monitoring unit includes measuring pore water pressure, resistivity, temperature as a preferred embodiment of the above solution, First monitoring unit, and to measure the second monitoring unit of soil property ess-strain, the first monitoring unit include respectively with observing and controlling Cabin connection pore water pressure sensor, four electrode resistance rate sensors, temperature sensor, the second monitoring unit include contact site and Connect the strain-type overarm in contact site and observing and controlling cabin.
The body supports part is equipped with multiple first monitoring unit and multiple second monitorings as a preferred embodiment of the above solution, Unit, and first monitoring unit and the second monitoring unit are longitudinally alternately arranged on body supports part.
First monitoring unit includes with body supports parts one and to body supports part as a preferred embodiment of the above solution, The first wing plate that both sides are stretched out, first wing plate is interior to be equipped with the cable pilot hole being connected to body supports part endoporus, first wing The external part of plate is equipped with the second wing plate, and the pore water pressure sensor, four electrode resistance rate sensors, temperature sensor are set to the In two wing plates.
Second wing plate top and bottom are pointed cone structure as a preferred embodiment of the above solution,.
Second monitoring unit also includes with body supports parts one and to body supports as a preferred embodiment of the above solution, The support wing plate that part both sides are stretched out, the contact site and strain-type overarm are set on support wing plate, and the contact site is spherical knot Structure.
Probe is connected between the multifunctional in-situ test probe and body supports part as a preferred embodiment of the above solution, to connect It takes over, the probe connecting tube caliber is less than the outer diameter of body supports part, is more than multifunctional in-situ test probe outer diameter, described more Function in-situ test probe is connect by cable with observing and controlling cabin.
The floatation part is floating ball as a preferred embodiment of the above solution, and floating ball connects observing and controlling and communication unit by drawstring, and The drawstring is equipped with hanging ring.
The beneficial effects of the present invention are:Above-mentioned apparatus can effectively survey many kinds of parameters of sea bed geology for a long time Amount, apparatus structure is simple, easy to use, and measurement accuracy and accuracy are high, can provide technology for deep-sea study of engineering geology Reliable data supporting, to solve threat of the complicated abyssal floor geological disaster to offshore and gas development.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the overall structure diagram of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the structural schematic diagram of observing and controlling and communication unit in the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the structural schematic diagram of the first monitoring unit in the present invention.
Fig. 4 is the structural schematic diagram of the second monitoring unit in the present invention.
Specific implementation mode
Below in conjunction with attached drawing detailed description of the present invention embodiment.
As shown in Figure 1, the structure of the present embodiment includes the body supports part 7, floating ball 1, observing and controlling of hollow tubular structures and leads to Unit 4, geology monitoring unit, multifunctional in-situ test probe 9 are interrogated, observing and controlling is set to 7 upper end of body supports part with communication unit 4, Floating ball 1 is connected to observing and controlling and 4 upper end of communication unit, and multifunctional in-situ test probe 9 is set to 7 lower end of body supports part, ground quality supervision It surveys unit to be set on body supports part 7, passes through observing and controlling above cable connection and communication unit 4.
In the present embodiment, observing and controlling includes observing and controlling cabin 402 and the powerhouse dome 401 being connect with observing and controlling cabin 402 with communication unit 4 With underwater communication beacon 403, the powerhouse dome 401 is interior to be equipped with deep-sea watertight connector, under the auxiliary of robot under water It charges to powerhouse dome 401.
Geology monitoring unit include measure pore water pressure, resistivity, temperature the first monitoring unit 5, and to survey The second monitoring unit 6 of soil property ess-strain is measured, the first monitoring unit 5 includes the pore water pressure being connect respectively with observing and controlling cabin 402 Sensor 503, four electrode resistance rate sensors 505, temperature sensor 504, the second monitoring unit 6 include contact site 603 and connect Connect the strain-type overarm 602 in contact site 603 and observing and controlling cabin 402.
Body supports part 7 is equipped with multiple first monitoring unit 5 and multiple second monitoring unit 6, and the first monitoring unit 5 It is longitudinally alternately arranged on body supports part 7 with the second monitoring unit 6.
Wherein, the first monitoring unit 5 include with body supports part 7 one and stretched out to 7 both sides of body supports part first Wing plate 501, the first wing plate 501 is interior equipped with the cable pilot hole 507 being connected to 7 endoporus of body supports part, and the first wing plate 501 is stretched Outlet is equipped with the second wing plate 502, and pore water pressure sensor 503, four electrode resistance rate sensors 505, temperature sensor 504 are set to In second wing plate 502.Second wing plate, 502 top and bottom are pointed cone structure 506.
Second monitoring unit 6 also includes support wing plate that is integrated with body supports part 7 and being stretched out to 7 both sides of body supports part 601, contact site 603 and strain-type overarm 602 are set on support wing plate 601, and contact site 603 is chondritic.
In the present embodiment, it is connected with probe connecting tube 8 between multifunctional in-situ test probe 9 and body supports part 7, visits Head 8 caliber of connecting tube is less than the outer diameter of body supports part 7, is more than 9 outer diameter of multifunctional in-situ test probe, multifunctional in-situ test Probe 9 is connect by cable with observing and controlling cabin 402.Floating ball connects observing and controlling and communication unit 4 by drawstring 3, and drawstring 3 is equipped with and hangs Ring 2.
The operation principle of above-mentioned apparatus described in detail below:
Above-mentioned apparatus is placed under water, floating ball 1 makes whole device more than sea bed face and upright always, geology using buoyancy Monitoring unit and multifunctional in-situ test probe 9 monitor underwater geological conditions and are acquired related data in real time, are sent to In observing and controlling cabin 402, data are sent to host computer by observing and controlling cabin 402 by underwater communication beacon 403.
In the first monitoring unit 5, the first wing plate 501 to sow discord pore water pressure sensor 503, four electrode resistance rates pass Sensor 505, temperature sensor 504 reduce influence of the body supports part 7 to sensor measurement, carry at a distance from body supports part 7 The precision of high measurement data and accuracy;The pointed cone structure of second about 502 wing plate hinders convenient for reducing stratum when injection and recycling Power, the damage of effective avoiding device.
In the second monitoring unit 6, the effect of support wing plate 601 mainly protects strain-type overarm 602 in device injection It is unlikely to that excessive deformation occurs and causes to damage when to stratum, the ball-shaped structure of contact site 603 is convenient in long-term observation With the contact of periphery deposit more uniform close measurement data is improved by the stress transfer of deposit to strain-type overarm 602 Precision and accuracy.
Hollow tubular body supports part 7 is made of steel pipe, for providing carrier and support for each sensor combinations;Probe connects Take over 8 is used for the reducing of body supports part 7 and multifunctional in-situ test probe 9, and it is more to minor diameter to reduce large-diameter hollow steel pipe The influence of 9 sensor measurement of function in-situ test probe, the especially influence of static point resistance and sidewall friction power improve and measure number According to precision and accuracy;Multifunctional in-situ test probe 9 extends soil body camera shooting, pH value, oxidation based on static sounding Other functions such as reduction potential.
Floating ball by the buoyancy of itself in long-term observation for making hanging ring 2 and drawstring 3 always more than sea bed face and protecting It is vertical to hold;Hanging ring 2 is used for the manipulator of underwater robot when system recycles and manipulates and hang hoist steel cable.

Claims (5)

1. a kind of multifunctional in-situ long-term observation device, it is characterised in that:Including body supports part, floatation part, observing and controlling and communication Unit, geology monitoring unit, multifunctional in-situ test probe, the body supports part are rod-like element, and the observing and controlling is single with communication Member is set to body supports part upper end, and floatation part is connected to observing and controlling and communication unit upper end, and the multifunctional in-situ test probe is set In body supports part lower end, the geology monitoring unit is set on body supports part, passes through observing and controlling above cable connection and communication Unit, the body supports part are hollow tubular structures, and the observing and controlling includes observing and controlling cabin with communication unit and connect with observing and controlling cabin Powerhouse dome and underwater communication beacon, deep-sea watertight connector is equipped in the powerhouse dome, the auxiliary for robot under water Under charge to powerhouse dome, the geology monitoring unit includes that measure pore water pressure, resistivity, the first monitoring of temperature single Member, and to measure the second monitoring unit of soil property ess-strain, the first monitoring unit includes the hole being connect respectively with observing and controlling cabin Gap hydraulic pressure sensor, four electrode resistance rate sensors, temperature sensor, the second monitoring unit include contact site and connection contact site It hangs oneself from a beam with the strain-type in observing and controlling cabin, the body supports part is equipped with multiple first monitoring unit and multiple second monitoring unit, And first monitoring unit and the second monitoring unit are longitudinally alternately arranged on body supports part, the first monitoring unit packet Include with body supports parts one and to the first wing plate that body supports part both sides are stretched out, in first wing plate equipped with and main body branch The external part of the cable pilot hole of support member endoporus connection, the first wing plate is equipped with the second wing plate, the pore water pressure sensor, four electricity Electrode resistance rate sensor, temperature sensor are set in the second wing plate.
2. multifunctional in-situ long-term observation device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Second wing plate upper end and Lower end is pointed cone structure.
3. multifunctional in-situ long-term observation device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The second monitoring unit packet It includes with body supports part one and is set to the support wing plate that body supports part both sides are stretched out, the contact site and strain-type overarm It supports on wing plate, the contact site is chondritic.
4. multifunctional in-situ long-term observation device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The multifunctional in-situ test Probe connecting tube is connected between probe and body supports part, the probe connecting tube caliber is less than the outer diameter of body supports part, More than multifunctional in-situ test probe outer diameter, the multifunctional in-situ test probe is connect by cable with observing and controlling cabin.
5. multifunctional in-situ long-term observation device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The floatation part is floating ball, Floating ball connects observing and controlling and communication unit by drawstring, and the drawstring is equipped with hanging ring.
CN201610382216.8A 2016-06-01 2016-06-01 A kind of multifunctional in-situ long-term observation device Active CN105911612B (en)

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109099972B (en) * 2018-09-20 2024-01-16 中国科学院深海科学与工程研究所 In-situ environment monitoring system for submarine sediment
CN110411923B (en) * 2019-09-03 2020-05-15 中国海洋大学 In-situ real-time monitoring device and method for submarine boundary layer based on natural potential measurement
CN111722299A (en) * 2020-06-29 2020-09-29 中国海洋大学 In-situ real-time monitoring device and method for hydrate induced seabed instability
CN112068141B (en) * 2020-09-11 2021-06-08 中国海洋大学 Deep sea polymetallic nodule exploitation deposit environment monitoring device
CN114993380B (en) * 2022-06-06 2023-06-27 中国海洋大学 Multi-parameter monitoring sensing array and method for submarine shallow gas gathering and overflowing process

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CN1790017A (en) * 2005-12-12 2006-06-21 国家海洋局第一海洋研究所 Multifunctional multi-channel detection rod for monitoring pore water pressure of seabed soil
CN101975820A (en) * 2010-09-27 2011-02-16 国家海洋局第一海洋研究所 Submarine sediment acoustic parameter in-situ measuring device
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