CN105822313A - Method and device for removing obstacle foreign matter in shield section based on transverse channel - Google Patents

Method and device for removing obstacle foreign matter in shield section based on transverse channel Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105822313A
CN105822313A CN201610332247.2A CN201610332247A CN105822313A CN 105822313 A CN105822313 A CN 105822313A CN 201610332247 A CN201610332247 A CN 201610332247A CN 105822313 A CN105822313 A CN 105822313A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
interconnection
shield
interval
excavation machine
barrien
Prior art date
Application number
CN201610332247.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105822313B (en
Inventor
张加冕
马勇
卞广勇
张探
董承朋
Original Assignee
泰安市岱宗机电科技开发有限公司
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Publication date
Priority to CN2015105669632 priority Critical
Priority to CN201510566963.2A priority patent/CN105201515A/en
Application filed by 泰安市岱宗机电科技开发有限公司 filed Critical 泰安市岱宗机电科技开发有限公司
Publication of CN105822313A publication Critical patent/CN105822313A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105822313B publication Critical patent/CN105822313B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D9/00Tunnels or galleries, with or without linings; Methods or apparatus for making thereof; Layout of tunnels or galleries
    • E21D9/06Making by using a driving shield, i.e. advanced by pushing means bearing against the already placed lining
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D9/00Tunnels or galleries, with or without linings; Methods or apparatus for making thereof; Layout of tunnels or galleries
    • E21D9/14Layout of tunnels or galleries; Constructional features of tunnels or galleries, not otherwise provided for, e.g. portals, day-light attenuation at tunnel openings

Abstract

The invention relates to a method and device for removing obstacle foreign matter in a shield section based on a transverse channel. The method comprises the steps that the transverse channel (2) distributed along the tunneling path of a shield tunneling machine is arranged in the section of the shield section of the shield tunneling machine, and the foreign matter is removed in the transverse channel (2). The obstacle foreign matter is removed in the transverse channel (2) through communication of the transverse channel (2) and the obstacle foreign matter in the shield section of the shield tunneling machine, and it is not needed that operation personnel enter a front end high-pressure bin of the shield tunneling machine to remove an anchor rope or an anchor rod, so that the working efficiency of the shield tunneling machine is improved, and the personnel safety of the operation personnel is ensured.

Description

Method and device foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval removed based on interconnection
One, technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method and device that foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval is removed, a kind of method and device foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval removed based on interconnection.
Two, background technology
nullWhen carrying out underground engineering operation,In order to improve engineer operation speed,Need to use shield excavation machine,But a large amount of anchor cables left at skyscraper foundation ditch construction of prevention work、Anchor pole、Fender post and steel waist rail,Have a strong impact on the construction of Tunnel Boring interval,When shield excavation machine is in progradation,Anchor cable、Anchor pole、Fender post and steel waist rail twist into shield machine front deck cutterhead,Shield excavation machine is caused to construct,Need operator to enter in the front end high storehouse of shield excavation machine and carry out anchor cable、Anchor pole、Removing of fender post and steel waist rail,Have impact on the work efficiency of shield excavation machine,And operator are produced personal injury,Therefore it is a kind of important construction method and constructing device based on interconnection to the method and device that foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval removes,Currently there are no a kind of method and device foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval removed based on interconnection.
Three, summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is a kind of method removed foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval based on interconnection,
The object of the present invention is a kind of device removed foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval based on interconnection.
In order to overcome above-mentioned technical disadvantages, it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method and device foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval removed based on interconnection, therefore improve the work efficiency of shield excavation machine, ensured the personal safety of operator.
For reaching above-mentioned purpose, the present invention adopts the technical scheme that: a kind of method removed foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval based on interconnection, the steps include: in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval, it is provided with the interconnection of the driving route distribution along shield excavation machine, in interconnection, foreign body is removed.
Owing to devising interconnection, it is connected with the dyskinetic foreign body in the shield interval of shield excavation machine by interconnection, dyskinetic foreign body is removed by interconnection, it is no longer necessary to operator enter into the front end high storehouse of shield excavation machine carries out removing of anchor cable or anchor pole, therefore improve the work efficiency of shield excavation machine, ensure the personal safety of operator.
The preferred version one of the present invention:
The contour line of interconnection is set to arch gate-shaped body,
Or be set to be distributed in variable area along the lateral cross section of section shape interconnection of the driving route of shield excavation machine,
Or interconnection centrally disposed is the center superposition distribution that the shield with shield excavation machine is interval,
Or interconnection centrally disposed is the off(-)center distribution that the shield with shield excavation machine is interval,
Or the ratio setting of the cross-sectional area in the cross-sectional area of interconnection and shield interval is 0.28-0.38:1,
Or the ratio setting of the diameter in the shield interval of the diameter of interconnection and shield excavation machine is 0.3-0.5,
Or the diameter of interconnection is set to 2.5-4.0m.
Owing to employing the interconnection of arch gate-shaped body, facilitate excavation and the installation of protection in interconnection of interconnection, by the dislocation that interconnection is interval with the shield of shield excavation machine, retain anchor cable, fender post and the steel waist rail outside shield interval, improve the stability of ground, by the ratio of area and the design of the ratio of diameter, the excavated volume and the interconnection that decrease interconnection are best with mating of the excavated volume in shield interval, result of the test shows, a diameter of 2.5-4.0m of interconnection, efficiency of construction is higher.
The preferred version two of the present invention:
When in shield interval, dyskinetic foreign body removes, the passage removing dyskinetic foreign body refers to interconnection, when in order to remove dyskinetic foreign body with realizing seriality, the vertical passageway that interconnection extends to connect with ground is also the passage removing dyskinetic foreign body, when the dyskinetic foreign body being in shield interval do not have exposed in interconnection time, the vertical active well that interconnection extends to connect with dyskinetic foreign body is also the passage removing dyskinetic foreign body, removes passage and is set to include the interconnection of at least one excavation.
Owing to devising the passage removing dyskinetic foreign body, pass through vertical passageway, achieve interconnection to extend in the seriality that shield is interval, improve the efficiency removing dyskinetic foreign body, by vertical active well, increasing the bare area of foreign body in shield interval, convenient in removing passage the foreign body remained in Rock And Soil is carried out operation, make to remove foreign body is more thorough.
The preferred version three of the present invention:
Vertical passageway is set to well shape body,
Or the uncovered portion that vertical active well is set to U-shaped cell body and vertical active well is arranged on the sidewall of interconnection.
Owing to devising vertical passageway, facilitate interconnection and the construction of vertical active well and material transhipment, improve efficiency of construction, also improve the air ambient in interconnection, owing to devising vertical active well, meet the discovery to the foreign body in shield interval and remove requirement, also improving the discovery to the foreign body in shield interval and the work efficiency removed.
The preferred version four of the present invention:
In interconnection and vertical passageway, it is provided with Barrien-free preventer.
Owing to devising Barrien-free preventer, it is ensured that interconnection and the safety of vertical passageway, meet the needs of the excavation of the distance of interconnection and vertical passageway.
The preferred version five of the present invention:
Barrien-free preventer includes matrix bracing means and outer support device, matrix bracing means is set to concrete layer body, grid and anchor pole and on the wall need supporting, be injected with concrete layer body, grating on concrete layer body, grid is fixed on the wall needing supporting by anchor pole, outer support device is set to include arched girder, support crossbeam, the two ends end face portion of curb girder and a bracer and arched girder is respectively arranged with curb girder, it is provided with between two curb girders and supports crossbeam and the inner side face of curb girder is provided with a bracer, arched girder and curb girder supporting are on the wall needing supporting, act on a bracer by telescoping cylinder, arched girder and curb girder are installed and removed.
Or when being mounted with anchor pole on the sidewall need supporting, avoid the need for being provided with support crossbeam between two curb girders.
Owing to devising Barrien-free preventer, the stability of the wall body of interconnection and vertical passageway is ensure that by matrix bracing means, by outer support device, prevent the collapsing of wall body of interconnection and vertical passageway, by supporting the outer support power of crossbeam, improve the unfailing performance of outer support device.
The preferred version six of the present invention:
The Barrien-free preventer being arranged on interconnection is set to include advanced Barrien-free preventer and Barrien-free preventer,
Or Barrien-free preventer is set to the protection body being made up of plastic grill and recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock in advance, the roof at interconnection excavation position covers plastic grill, by recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock, plastic grill is fixed in interconnection excavation position
Or the Barrien-free preventer of interconnection is set to the overcoat being made up of grid and concrete layer body and the detachable supporter being made up of support steel arch-shelf, hydraulic prop and side's gallows timber, concrete layer body is ejected on the roof of interconnection grating again, form overcoat, in the base end wall of interconnection the side's of putting gallows timber and by hydraulic prop support steel arch-shelf act on grid, form supporter
Or concrete layer body be set to thickness be 80-400mm, intensity less than the concrete layer body of C20, be 80-400mm at thickness, the intensity concrete layer body less than C20 be provided with accelerator,
Or the Barrien-free preventer of vertical passageway is set to the overcoat that is made up of composite plastic steel grating and concrete layer body.
Owing to devising Barrien-free preventer, prevent from shield machine front deck cutterhead is produced harm by plastic grill, concrete layer body and recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock, met the job demand of shield machine front deck cutterhead by support steel arch-shelf, hydraulic prop and side's gallows timber, shield machine front deck cutterhead will not be produced and damage.
The preferred version seven of the present invention:
The method removing dyskinetic foreign body is set to include full-sleeve set access method, antifriction removal method and excavated by manual work and removes method,
Or full-sleeve set access method: use Split type hydraulic rig and set cylinder drill pipe to carry out being looped around the hole body of anchor cable at the periphery of anchor cable, anchor cable peeled off with surrounding soil, by external force, anchor cable is extracted together with set cylinder drill pipe, backfill anchor hole,
Or the method that antifriction is pulled out: use water under high pressure that anchor cable surrounding soil carries out cutting and peel off, utilize external force to be extracted by anchor cable, backfill anchor hole,
Or the method that excavated by manual work removes: use Luoyang Spade, along anchor cable direction, surrounding soil is excavated, utilize rig to be peeled off with anchoring body by steel strand wires, then use cutter to be cut off by steel strand wires.
Owing to devising the method that dyskinetic foreign body is removed, by full-sleeve set access method, antifriction removal method and excavated by manual work except method, foreign body in shield interval is extracted or pulverized, improves the efficiency that foreign body is removed, it is achieved that to anchor cable, fender post and the recovery of steel waist rail.
The preferred version eight of the present invention:
The method removing the anchor cable in shield interval, the steps include:
One, the excavation of the passage of anchor cable is removed
A, in shield interval in, along the driving route of shield excavation machine, determine anchor cable by metal detector, in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval, the driving route along shield excavation machine excavates interconnection;
B, in interconnection, the vertical passageway communicated with ground is excavated in the radial line direction of the section that shield along shield excavation machine is interval;
C, in interconnection, determine anchor cable by metal detector, the vertical active well communicated with anchor cable is excavated in the radial line direction of the section that shield along shield excavation machine is interval;
Two, the installation of protection
A, the protection of interconnection: using advanced Barrien-free preventer at interconnection excavation position, using the interconnection formed can Barrien-free preventer;
B, vertical passageway: on the inwall of vertical passageway, use Barrien-free preventer.
Three, the removing of anchor cable
Excise the anchor cable part in interconnection, vertical passageway and vertical active well, for there is the anchor cable in Rock And Soil, by anchor cable full-sleeve is extracted, antifriction pull out and excavated by manual work remove by the way of the anchor cable in Rock And Soil is removed,
Between ground and interconnection, it is provided with vertical passageway and in interconnection, is provided with vertical active well vertically downward along the driving route of shield excavation machine.
The driving route of shield excavation machine determines anchor cable by metal detector, in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval, driving route along shield excavation machine excavates a plurality of interconnection and communicates with anchor cable, and a plurality of interconnection is set to the shield interval both wings distribution along shield excavation machine.
Owing to devising the method that the anchor cable in shield interval is removed, in limited space, meet the removing of segmentation of anchor cable, it is achieved that the recovery of anchor cable, meet the operation needs of shield excavation machine.
The preferred version nine of the present invention:
The method removing the fender post in shield interval and steel waist rail, the steps include:
One, the excavation of the passage of fender post and steel waist rail is removed
A, in shield interval in, fender post and steel waist rail is determined by fender post and steel waist rail coordinate along the driving route of shield excavation machine, in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval, the driving route along shield excavation machine changes the interconnection direction for removing anchor cable;
B, in interconnection, the vertical passageway communicated with ground is excavated in the radial line direction of the section that shield along shield excavation machine is interval;
C, in interconnection, the axis direction along fender post excavates the vertical active well that communicates with fender post and steel waist rail;
Two, the installation of protection
A, the protection of interconnection: using advanced Barrien-free preventer at interconnection excavation position, using the interconnection formed can Barrien-free preventer;
B, vertical passageway: on the inwall of vertical passageway, use Barrien-free preventer.
Three, the removing of fender post and steel waist rail
By pneumatic pick pile body reinforced concrete protective layer peeled off and use gas cutting to be cut off by reinforcing bar and fender post is removed, excision is at interconnection, fender post in vertical passageway and vertical active well and steel waist rail part, for there is the fender post in Rock And Soil and steel waist rail, and excavate forward along fender post axis direction and carry out Barrien-free preventer, the pile body making fender post is exposed, after interconnection top and bottom reinforcement bars are cut off, along channel roof and bottom pneumatic pick, stake is blocked, finally crush in bulk and transport outside hole, after fender post is removed, steel waist rail natural exposing is out, gas cutting is used to cut off piecemeal.
The left and right sidewall at interconnection position being in fender post and steel waist rail is provided with extending space.
Owing to devising the method removing the fender post in shield interval and steel waist rail, in limited space, the pulverizing of the segmentation meeting fender post and steel waist rail removes, and meets the operation needs of shield excavation machine.
The preferred version ten of the present invention:
A kind of device foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval removed based on interconnection, including the interconnection being arranged in the shield interval of shield excavation machine and connecting with dyskinetic foreign body in shield interval, interconnection is set to be distributed along the driving route of shield excavation machine.
Owing to devising interconnection, by interconnection, meet the space that foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval is removed, improve the efficiency that foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval is removed.
The preferred version 11 of the present invention:
Section and the distribution link of interconnection is designed according to the section that the shield at shield excavation machine is interval is formed the mode connected with foreign body.
Owing to devising interconnection, by interconnection, the distribution situation of dyskinetic foreign body in meeting shield interval, improve the accuracy that foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval is removed.
The preferred version 12 of the present invention:
Also include vertical passageway, vertical active well and Barrien-free preventer, in the section 1 that shield is interval, it is provided with the interconnection of the driving route distribution along shield excavation machine and between interconnection and ground, is provided with vertical passageway, in interconnection, it is provided with the vertical active well communicated with foreign body and in interconnection and vertical passageway, is provided with Barrien-free preventer
The contour line of interconnection is set to arch gate-shaped body,
Or be set to be distributed in variable area along the lateral cross section of section shape interconnection of the driving route of shield excavation machine,
Or interconnection centrally disposed is the center superposition distribution that the shield with shield excavation machine is interval,
Or interconnection centrally disposed is the off(-)center distribution that the shield with shield excavation machine is interval,
Or the ratio setting of the cross-sectional area in the cross-sectional area of interconnection and shield interval is 0.28-0.38:1,
Or the ratio setting of the diameter in the shield interval of the diameter of interconnection and shield excavation machine is 0.3-0.5,
Or the diameter of interconnection is set to 2.5-4.0m,
Or vertical passageway is set to well shape body,
Or vertically active well is set to U-shaped cell body, the uncovered portion of vertical active well is arranged on the sidewall of interconnection,
Or between ground and interconnection, be provided with vertical passageway and in interconnection, be provided with vertical active well vertically downward along the driving route of shield excavation machine,
Or a plurality of interconnection is set to the shield interval both wings distribution along shield excavation machine,
Or Barrien-free preventer includes matrix bracing means and outer support device, matrix bracing means is set to concrete layer body, grid and anchor pole and is injected with concrete layer body on the wall need supporting, grating on concrete layer body, grid is fixed on the wall needing supporting by anchor pole, the two ends end face portion that outer support device is set to include arched girder, support crossbeam, curb girder and a bracer and arched girder is respectively arranged with curb girder, is provided with and supports crossbeam and the inner side face of curb girder is provided with a bracer between two curb girders.
Or the Barrien-free preventer being arranged on interconnection is set to include advanced Barrien-free preventer and Barrien-free preventer, advanced Barrien-free preventer is set to the protection body that is made up of plastic grill and recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock and Barrien-free preventer is set to the overcoat being made up of grid and concrete layer body and the detachable supporter being made up of support steel arch-shelf, hydraulic prop and side's gallows timber
Or concrete layer body be set to thickness be 80-400mm, intensity less than C20 concrete layer body and thickness be 80-400mm, intensity less than C20 concrete layer body in be provided with accelerator,
Or the Barrien-free preventer being arranged on vertical active well is set to Barrien-free preventer and Barrien-free preventer is set to the overcoat that is made up of composite plastic steel grating and concrete layer body.
Owing to devising vertical passageway, vertical active well and Barrien-free preventer, by vertical passageway and vertical active well, improve and remove efficiency, the safety of construction is ensure that by Barrien-free preventer, by interconnection, vertical passageway and the deformation of vertical active well and mutual layout, meet the requirement to foreign bodies such as anchor cable, fender post and steel waist rails.
In the technical program:
Dyskinetic foreign body refers to be distributed along the work route of shield excavation machine and affect predominantly anchor cable, fender post and the metal parts of steel waist rail of shield tunneling machine operation,
Anchor cable refers to rope, bar and the entirety of outer body of cement for building foundation pit protection,
Interconnection refers to the trunk parallel with the work route of shield excavation machine,
Vertical passageway and vertical active well refer to cover and remove dyskinetic foreign body to meet and have the interconnection extension of other function,
Barrien-free preventer refers to ensure that interconnection is in normal condition and the operation to shield excavation machine is formed without the prop of obstacle.
When the size that the technical program uses diameter to represent size, the cross section of its correspondence is also the cross section by diameter mark, such as circumferential section, oval cross section.
In the technical program, forming the interconnection connected with anchor cable in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval is important technical characteristic, in based on interconnection to shield interval in the technical field of the method and device that dyskinetic foreign body removes, having novelty, creativeness and practicality, the term in the technical program is all can to explain with patent documentation in the art and understand.
Four, accompanying drawing explanation
In order to be illustrated more clearly that the embodiment of the present invention or technical scheme of the prior art, the accompanying drawing used required in embodiment or description of the prior art will be briefly described below, apparently, accompanying drawing in describing below is only some embodiments of the present invention, for those of ordinary skill in the art, on the premise of not paying creative work, it is also possible to obtain other accompanying drawing according to these accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 be the present invention based on the interconnection schematic diagram removing anchor cable to the device that foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval removes:
The section in 1-shield interval, 2-interconnection, 3-vertical passageway, the vertical active well of 4-, 5-anchor cable, 6-Barrien-free preventer,
Fig. 2 be the present invention based on interconnection the device that foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval removes removed fender post and the schematic diagram of steel waist rail:
Section, 2-interconnection, 3-vertical passageway, the vertical active well of 4-, 6-Barrien-free preventer, 9-fender post and the steel waist rail that 1-shield is interval.
Five, detailed description of the invention
According to guidelines for examination, to used in the present invention such as " having ", " comprising " and " including " term should be understood to not allot other element one or more or the existence of a combination thereof or interpolation.
In describing the invention, it should be noted that, orientation or the position relationship of the instruction such as term " " center ", " on ", D score, "left", "right", " vertically ", " level ", " interior ", " outward " be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship; be for only for ease of the description present invention and simplifying and describe; rather than instruction or imply indication device or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, be therefore not considered as limiting the invention.Additionally, term " first ", " second ", " the 3rd " are only used for describing purpose, and it is not intended that instruction or hint relative importance.
In describing the invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " is installed ", " being connected ", " connection " should be interpreted broadly, and connects for example, it may be fixing, it is also possible to be to removably connect, or be integrally connected;Can be to be mechanically connected, it is also possible to be electrical connection;Can be to be joined directly together, it is also possible to be indirectly connected to by intermediary, can be the connection of two element internals.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term concrete meaning in the present invention can be understood with concrete condition.
As long as just can be combined with each other additionally, technical characteristic involved in invention described below difference embodiment does not constitutes conflict each other.
A kind of method removed foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval based on interconnection, below in conjunction with embodiment, further describes the present invention, and following example are intended to illustrate rather than limitation of the invention further.
First embodiment,
The method removing the anchor cable in shield interval, the steps include:
One, the excavation of the passage of anchor cable is removed
A, in shield interval in, along the driving route of shield excavation machine, determine anchor cable by metal detector, in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval, the driving route along shield excavation machine excavates interconnection 2;
B, in interconnection 2, the vertical passageway 3 communicated with ground is excavated in the radial line direction of the section that shield along shield excavation machine is interval;
C, in interconnection 2, determine anchor cable by metal detector, the vertical active well 4 communicated with anchor cable is excavated in the radial line direction of the section that shield along shield excavation machine is interval;
Two, the installation of protection
A, the protection of interconnection 2: excavating position at interconnection 2 and use advanced Barrien-free preventer 6, using the interconnection 2 formed can Barrien-free preventer 6;
B, vertical passageway 3: on the inwall of vertical passageway 3, use Barrien-free preventer 6.
Three, the removing of anchor cable
Excise the anchor cable part in interconnection 2, vertical passageway 3 and vertical active well 4, for there is the anchor cable in Rock And Soil, by anchor cable full-sleeve is extracted, antifriction pull out and excavated by manual work remove by the way of the anchor cable in Rock And Soil is removed.
In the present embodiment, the contour line of interconnection 2 is set to arch gate-shaped body and the lateral cross section along the section shape interconnection 2 of the driving route of shield excavation machine is set to be distributed in variable area, and the ratio setting of the diameter that the diameter of interconnection 2 is interval with the shield of shield excavation machine is 0.3-0.5.
In the present embodiment, vertical passageway 3 is provided in round or rectangular well shape body and vertical active well 4 are set to U-shaped cell body, and the uncovered portion of vertical active well 4 is arranged on the sidewall of interconnection 2.
In the present embodiment, the ratio setting of the cross-sectional area that the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 is interval with shield is 0.28-0.38:1.
In the present embodiment, interconnection 2 centrally disposed is the center superposition distribution that the shield with shield excavation machine is interval, is provided with vertical passageway 3 and is provided with vertical active well 4 vertically downward in interconnection 2 along the driving route of shield excavation machine between ground and interconnection 2.
In the present embodiment, the driving route of shield excavation machine determines anchor cable by metal detector, in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval, driving route along shield excavation machine excavates a plurality of interconnection 2 and communicates with anchor cable, and a plurality of interconnection 2 is set to the shield interval both wings distribution along shield excavation machine.
In the present embodiment, the driving route along shield excavation machine excavates two interconnections 2 and communicates with anchor cable, and the diameter of interconnection 2 is set to 2.5-4.0m.
In the present embodiment, advanced Barrien-free preventer 6 is set to the protection body being made up of plastic grill and recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock, excavate covering plastic grill on the roof at position at interconnection 2, by recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock, plastic grill is fixed on interconnection 2 and excavates in position.
In the present embodiment, the Barrien-free preventer 6 of interconnection 2 is set to the overcoat being made up of grid and concrete layer body and the detachable supporter being made up of support steel arch-shelf, hydraulic prop and side's gallows timber, concrete layer body is ejected on the roof of interconnection 2 grating again, form overcoat, in the base end wall of interconnection 2 side's of putting gallows timber and by hydraulic prop support steel arch-shelf act on grid, formed supporter.
In the present embodiment, concrete layer body be set to thickness be 80-400mm, intensity less than the concrete layer body of C20, be 80-400mm at thickness, the intensity concrete layer body less than C20 be provided with accelerator.
In the present embodiment, the Barrien-free preventer 6 of vertical passageway 3 is set to the overcoat being made up of composite plastic steel grating and concrete layer body.
In the present embodiment, the step that full-sleeve is extracted: use Split type hydraulic rig and set cylinder drill pipe to carry out being looped around the hole body of anchor cable at the periphery of anchor cable, anchor cable is peeled off with surrounding soil, by external force, anchor cable is extracted together with set cylinder drill pipe, backfill anchor hole.
In the present embodiment, the step that antifriction is pulled out: use water under high pressure that anchor cable surrounding soil carries out cutting and peel off, utilize external force to be extracted by anchor cable, backfill anchor hole.
In the present embodiment, the step that excavated by manual work removes: use Luoyang Spade, along anchor cable direction, surrounding soil is excavated, utilize rig to be peeled off with anchoring body by steel strand wires, then use cutter to be cut off by steel strand wires.
In the present embodiment, it is possible to use the jetted layers body of modified waterglass substitutes concrete layer body, modified waterglass refers to the mixture of waterglass and phosphoric acid.
The method removing the fender post in shield interval and steel waist rail, the steps include:
One, the excavation of the passage of fender post and steel waist rail is removed
A, in shield interval in, fender post and steel waist rail is determined by fender post and steel waist rail coordinate along the driving route of shield excavation machine, in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval, the driving route along shield excavation machine changes interconnection 2 direction for removing anchor cable;
B, in interconnection 2, the vertical passageway 3 communicated with ground is excavated in the radial line direction of the section that shield along shield excavation machine is interval;
C, in interconnection 2, the axis direction along fender post excavates the vertical active well 4 that communicates with fender post and steel waist rail;
Two, the installation of protection
A, the protection of interconnection 2: excavating position at interconnection 2 and use advanced Barrien-free preventer 6, using the interconnection 2 formed can Barrien-free preventer 6;
B, vertical passageway 3: on the inwall of vertical passageway 3, use Barrien-free preventer 6.
Three, the removing of fender post and steel waist rail
By pneumatic pick pile body reinforced concrete protective layer peeled off and use gas cutting to be cut off by reinforcing bar and fender post is removed, excision is at interconnection 2, fender post in vertical passageway 3 and vertical active well 4 and steel waist rail part, for there is the fender post in Rock And Soil and steel waist rail, and excavate forward along fender post axis direction and carry out Barrien-free preventer 6, the pile body making fender post is exposed, after interconnection 2 top and bottom reinforcement bars are cut off, along channel roof and bottom pneumatic pick, stake is blocked, finally crush in bulk and transport outside hole, after fender post is removed, steel waist rail natural exposing is out, gas cutting or hydraulic tongs is used to cut off piecemeal.
In the present embodiment, the left and right sidewall at interconnection 2 position being in fender post and steel waist rail is provided with extending space.
In the present embodiment, interconnection 2 centrally disposed is the off(-)center distribution that the shield with shield excavation machine is interval.
A kind of method foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval removed based on interconnection, second embodiment,
The method removing the anchor cable in shield interval, fender post or steel waist rail, the steps include:
When in shield interval, dyskinetic foreign body removes, the passage removing dyskinetic foreign body refers to interconnection 2, when in order to remove dyskinetic foreign body with realizing seriality, the vertical passageway 3 that interconnection 2 extends to connect with ground is also the passage removing dyskinetic foreign body, when the dyskinetic foreign body being in shield interval do not have exposed in interconnection 2 time, the vertical active well 4 that interconnection 2 extends to connect with dyskinetic foreign body is also the passage removing dyskinetic foreign body
Barrien-free preventer 6 includes matrix bracing means and outer support device, matrix bracing means is set to concrete layer body, grid and anchor pole and on the wall need supporting, be injected with concrete layer body, grating on concrete layer body, grid is fixed on the wall needing supporting by anchor pole, outer support device is set to include arched girder 61, support crossbeam 62, the two ends end face portion of curb girder 63 and a bracer 64 and arched girder 61 is respectively arranged with curb girder 63, it is provided with between two curb girders 63 and supports crossbeam 62 and the inner side face of curb girder 63 is provided with a bracer 64, arched girder 61 and curb girder 63 supporting are on the wall needing supporting, act on a bracer 64 by telescoping cylinder, arched girder 61 and curb girder 63 are installed and removed.
In the present embodiment, anchor pole is set to recoverable anchor rod or glass fibre reinforced plastics rockbolts, when using glass fibre reinforced plastics rockbolts, just can no longer reclaim, grid is set to plastic grill, when using plastic grill, just can no longer reclaim, when the plate body using timber or bamboo wood substitutes grid, just can no longer reclaim, when using steel wire or expanded metal lath to substitute grid it is necessary to carry out recovery and remove, when being mounted with anchor pole on the sidewall need supporting, avoid the need between two curb girders 63, be provided with support crossbeam 62.
A kind of based on interconnection to shield interval on the basis of first embodiment of method of removing of dyskinetic foreign body and second embodiment, according to anchor cable, fender post or the distribution situation of steel waist rail, the driving route of shield excavation machine and the geological conditions of condition of construction, in order to meet the clear of patent document and the clause supported, first embodiment of other form
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set to arch gate-shaped body and the lateral cross section along the section shape interconnection 2 of the driving route of shield excavation machine is set to be distributed in variable area, the ratio setting of the diameter that the diameter of interconnection 2 is interval with the shield of shield excavation machine is 0.3
The ratio setting of the cross-sectional area that the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 is interval with shield is 0.28:1,
The driving route of shield excavation machine determines anchor cable by metal detector, in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval, driving route along shield excavation machine excavates two interconnections 2 and communicates with anchor cable, and two interconnections 2 are set to the shield interval both wings distribution along shield excavation machine
Driving route along shield excavation machine excavates two interconnections 2 and communicates with anchor cable, and the diameter of interconnection 2 is set to 2.5m,
Concrete layer body be set to thickness be 80mm, intensity be the concrete layer body of C20, thickness be 80mm, intensity be C20 concrete layer body in be provided with accelerator.
Second embodiment of other form,
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set to arch gate-shaped body and the lateral cross section along the section shape interconnection 2 of the driving route of shield excavation machine is set to be distributed in variable area, the ratio setting of the diameter that the diameter of interconnection 2 is interval with the shield of shield excavation machine is 0.5
The ratio setting of the cross-sectional area that the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 is interval with shield is 0.38:1,
The driving route of shield excavation machine determines anchor cable by metal detector, in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval, driving route along shield excavation machine excavates three interconnections 2 and communicates with anchor cable, and three interconnections 2 are set to the shield interval both wings distribution along shield excavation machine
Driving route along shield excavation machine excavates two interconnections 2 and communicates with anchor cable, and the diameter of interconnection 2 is set to 4.0m,
Concrete layer body be set to thickness be 400mm, intensity less than the concrete layer body of C20, be 400mm at thickness, the intensity concrete layer body less than C20 be provided with accelerator.
3rd embodiment of other form,
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set to arch gate-shaped body and the lateral cross section along the section shape interconnection 2 of the driving route of shield excavation machine is set to be distributed in variable area, the ratio setting of the diameter that the diameter of interconnection 2 is interval with the shield of shield excavation machine is 0.4
The ratio setting of the cross-sectional area that the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 is interval with shield is 0.33:1,
The driving route of shield excavation machine determines anchor cable by metal detector, in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval, driving route along shield excavation machine excavates three interconnections 2 and communicates with anchor cable, and three interconnections 2 are set to the shield interval both wings distribution along shield excavation machine
Driving route along shield excavation machine excavates two interconnections 2 and communicates with anchor cable, and the diameter of interconnection 2 is set to 3.25m,
Concrete layer body be set to thickness be 240mm, intensity be the concrete layer body of C20, thickness be 240mm, intensity be C20 concrete layer body in be provided with accelerator.
4th embodiment of other form,
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set to arch gate-shaped body and the lateral cross section along the section shape interconnection 2 of the driving route of shield excavation machine is set to be distributed in variable area, the ratio setting of the diameter that the diameter of interconnection 2 is interval with the shield of shield excavation machine is 0.33
The ratio setting of the cross-sectional area that the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 is interval with shield is 0.36:1,
The driving route of shield excavation machine determines anchor cable by metal detector, in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval, driving route along shield excavation machine excavates four interconnections 2 and communicates with anchor cable, and four interconnections 2 are set to the shield interval both wings distribution along shield excavation machine
Driving route along shield excavation machine excavates two interconnections 2 and communicates with anchor cable, and the diameter of interconnection 2 is set to 2.52m,
Concrete layer body be set to thickness be 320mm, intensity less than the concrete layer body of C20, be 320mm at thickness, the intensity concrete layer body less than C20 be provided with accelerator.
Below in conjunction with the accompanying drawing in the embodiment of the present invention, the technical scheme in the embodiment of the present invention is clearly and completely described, it is clear that described embodiment is only a part of embodiment of the present invention rather than whole embodiments.Based on the embodiment in the present invention, the every other embodiment that those of ordinary skill in the art are obtained under not making creative work premise, broadly fall into the scope of protection of the invention.
A kind of device foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval removed based on interconnection, accompanying drawing is first embodiment of the present invention, the present embodiment is illustrated in conjunction with accompanying drawing, include interconnection 2, vertical passageway 3, vertical active well 4 and Barrien-free preventer 6, in the section 1 that shield is interval, it is provided with the interconnection 2 of the driving route distribution along shield excavation machine and between interconnection 2 and ground, is provided with vertical passageway 3, in interconnection 2, it is provided with the vertical active well 4 communicated with foreign body and is provided with Barrien-free preventer 6 in interconnection 2 and vertical passageway 3.
In the present embodiment, the contour line of interconnection 2 is set to arch gate-shaped body and the lateral cross section along the section shape interconnection 2 of the driving route of shield excavation machine is set to be distributed in variable area, and the ratio setting of the cross-sectional area that the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 is interval with shield is 0.28-0.38:1.
In the present embodiment, vertical passageway 3 is set to well shape body and vertical active well 4 is set to U-shaped cell body, and the uncovered portion of vertical active well 4 is arranged on the sidewall of interconnection 2.
In the present embodiment, the Barrien-free preventer 6 being arranged on interconnection 2 is set to include advanced Barrien-free preventer 6 and Barrien-free preventer 6, and advanced Barrien-free preventer 6 is set to the protection body that is made up of plastic grill and recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock and Barrien-free preventer 6 is set to the overcoat being made up of grid and concrete layer body and the detachable supporter being made up of support steel arch-shelf, hydraulic prop and side's gallows timber.
In the present embodiment, concrete layer body be set to thickness be 80-400mm, intensity less than C20 concrete layer body and thickness be 80-400mm, intensity less than C20 concrete layer body in be provided with accelerator.
In the present embodiment, Barrien-free preventer 6 includes matrix bracing means and outer support device, matrix bracing means is set to concrete layer body, grid and anchor pole and on the wall need supporting, be injected with concrete layer body, grating on concrete layer body, grid is fixed on the wall needing supporting by anchor pole, outer support device is set to include arched girder 61, support crossbeam 62, the two ends end face portion of curb girder 63 and a bracer 64 and arched girder 61 is respectively arranged with curb girder 63, it is provided with between two curb girders 63 and supports crossbeam 62 and the inner side face of curb girder 63 is provided with a bracer 64.
Arched girder 61 and curb girder 63 supporting, on the wall needing supporting, are acted on a bracer 64 by telescoping cylinder, arched girder 61 and curb girder 63 are installed and removed.
In the present embodiment, it is arranged on the Barrien-free preventer 6 of vertical active well 4 and is set to Barrien-free preventer 6 and Barrien-free preventer 6 is set to the overcoat that is made up of composite plastic steel grating and concrete layer body.
In the present embodiment, interconnection 2 centrally disposed is the center superposition distribution that the shield with shield excavation machine is interval, is provided with vertical passageway 3 and is provided with vertical active well 4 vertically downward in interconnection 2 along the driving route of shield excavation machine between ground and interconnection 2.
A kind of device foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval removed based on interconnection, accompanying drawing is second embodiment of the present invention,
A plurality of interconnection 2 is set to the shield interval both wings distribution along shield excavation machine.
The ratio setting of the diameter that the diameter of interconnection 2 is interval with the shield of shield excavation machine is 0.3-0.5 and the driving route along shield excavation machine excavates two interconnections 2 and communicates with foreign body, and the diameter of interconnection 2 is set to 2.5-4.0m.
In interconnection 2, vertical passageway 3 and vertical active well 4, exposed foreign body part is carried out excision process, to the foreign body existed in Rock And Soil, by the way of choosing and pulverizing, removes foreign body.
A kind of based on interconnection to shield interval on the basis of first embodiment of device of removing of dyskinetic foreign body and second embodiment, according to anchor cable, fender post or the distribution situation of steel waist rail, the driving route of shield excavation machine and the geological conditions of condition of construction, in order to meet the clear of patent document and the clause supported, first embodiment of other form
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set to arch gate-shaped body and the lateral cross section along the section shape interconnection 2 of the driving route of shield excavation machine is set to be distributed in variable area, the ratio setting of the cross-sectional area that the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 is interval with shield is 0.28:1
Concrete layer body be set to thickness be 80mm, intensity be C20 concrete layer body and thickness be 80mm, intensity be C20 concrete layer body in be provided with accelerator,
Article four, interconnection 2 is set to the shield interval both wings distribution along shield excavation machine,
The ratio setting of the diameter that the shield of the diameter of interconnection 2 and shield excavation machine is interval is 0.3 and driving route along shield excavation machine excavates four interconnections 2 and communicates with foreign body, and the diameter of interconnection 2 is set to 2.5m.
Second embodiment of other form,
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set to arch gate-shaped body and the lateral cross section along the section shape interconnection 2 of the driving route of shield excavation machine is set to be distributed in variable area, the ratio setting of the cross-sectional area that the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 is interval with shield is 0.38:1
Concrete layer body be set to thickness be 400mm, intensity less than C20 concrete layer body and thickness be 400mm, intensity less than C20 concrete layer body in be provided with accelerator,
Article two, interconnection 2 is set to the shield interval both wings distribution along shield excavation machine,
The ratio setting of the diameter that the shield of the diameter of interconnection 2 and shield excavation machine is interval is 0.5 and driving route along shield excavation machine excavates two interconnections 2 and communicates with foreign body, and the diameter of interconnection 2 is set to 4.0m.
3rd embodiment of other form,
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set to arch gate-shaped body and the lateral cross section along the section shape interconnection 2 of the driving route of shield excavation machine is set to be distributed in variable area, the ratio setting of the cross-sectional area that the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 is interval with shield is 0.33:1
Concrete layer body be set to thickness be 240mm, intensity less than C20 concrete layer body and thickness be 240mm, intensity less than C20 concrete layer body in be provided with accelerator,
Article three, interconnection 2 is set to the shield interval both wings distribution along shield excavation machine,
The ratio setting of the diameter that the shield of the diameter of interconnection 2 and shield excavation machine is interval is 0.4 and driving route along shield excavation machine excavates three interconnections 2 and communicates with foreign body, and the diameter of interconnection 2 is set to 3.25m.
4th embodiment of other form,
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set to arch gate-shaped body and the lateral cross section along the section shape interconnection 2 of the driving route of shield excavation machine is set to be distributed in variable area, the ratio setting of the cross-sectional area that the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 is interval with shield is 0.30:1
Concrete layer body be set to thickness be 330mm, intensity less than C20 concrete layer body and thickness be 330mm, intensity less than C20 concrete layer body in be provided with accelerator,
Article two, interconnection 2 is set to the shield interval both wings distribution along shield excavation machine,
The ratio setting of the diameter that the shield of the diameter of interconnection 2 and shield excavation machine is interval is 0.33 and driving route along shield excavation machine excavates two interconnections 2 and communicates with foreign body, and the diameter of interconnection 2 is set to 3.6m.
The present invention has a lower feature:
1, owing to devising interconnection 2, it is connected with the dyskinetic foreign body in the shield interval of shield excavation machine by interconnection 2, dyskinetic foreign body is removed by interconnection 2, it is no longer necessary to operator enter into the front end high storehouse of shield excavation machine carries out removing of anchor cable or anchor pole, therefore improve the work efficiency of shield excavation machine, ensure the personal safety of operator.
2, passage is removed owing to devising, in removing passage, the anchor cable remained in Rock And Soil is carried out operation, make anchor cable is removed, it is no longer necessary to operator enter into the front end high storehouse of shield excavation machine carries out removing of anchor cable or anchor pole, therefore improve the work efficiency of shield excavation machine, ensure the personal safety of operator.
3, remove passage owing to devising, facilitate and remove operation.
4, remove passage owing to devising, reclaimed Barrien-free preventer 6, reduced construction cost.
5, planform has been carried out the restriction of numerical range owing to devising, making numerical range is the technical characteristic in technical scheme, calculate or tested by limited number of time the technical characteristic drawn not by formula, test shows that the technical characteristic of this numerical range achieves good technique effect.
6, owing to devising the technical characteristic of the present invention, effect in the set individually and each other of technical characteristic, being shown by test, the property indices of the present invention is at least 1.7 times of existing property indices, has good market value by assessment.
Also having other technical characteristic that in other the section interval with the shield at shield excavation machine, formation is associated with the interconnection 2 of anchor cable connection is all one of embodiments of the invention, and each technical characteristic of embodiment described above can combine arbitrarily, for meeting the requirement of Patent Law, patent regulation and guidelines for examination, no longer the embodiment of all possible combination of each technical characteristic in above-described embodiment is all described.
Above-described embodiment is a kind of way of realization based on interconnection to the method and device that foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval removes provided by the present invention; other deformation according to scheme provided by the present invention; increase or reduce composition therein or step; or the present invention is used for other the technical field close with the present invention, belongs to protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. method foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval removed based on interconnection, it is characterized in that: the steps include: in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval, it is provided with the interconnection (2) of the driving route distribution along shield excavation machine, in interconnection (2), foreign body is removed.
The method removed foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval based on interconnection the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
The contour line of interconnection (2) is set to arch gate-shaped body,
Or be set to be distributed in variable area along the lateral cross section of section shape interconnection (2) of the driving route of shield excavation machine,
Or interconnection (2) centrally disposed is the center superposition distribution that the shield with shield excavation machine is interval,
Or interconnection (2) centrally disposed is the off(-)center distribution that the shield with shield excavation machine is interval,
Or the ratio setting of the cross-sectional area in the cross-sectional area of interconnection (2) and shield interval is 0.28-0.38:1,
Or the ratio setting of the diameter in the shield interval of the diameter of interconnection (2) and shield excavation machine is 0.3-0.5,
Or the diameter of interconnection (2) is set to 2.5-4.0m.
The method removed foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval based on interconnection the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
When in shield interval, dyskinetic foreign body removes, the passage removing dyskinetic foreign body refers to interconnection (2), when in order to remove dyskinetic foreign body with realizing seriality, the vertical passageway (3) that interconnection (2) extends to connect with ground is also the passage removing dyskinetic foreign body, when the dyskinetic foreign body being in shield interval do not have exposed in interconnection (2) time, the vertical active well (4) that interconnection (2) extends to connect with dyskinetic foreign body is also the passage removing dyskinetic foreign body, remove passage and be set to include the interconnection (2) of at least one excavation.
The method removed foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval based on interconnection the most according to claim 3, is characterized in that:
Vertical passageway (3) is set to well shape body,
Or the uncovered portion that vertical active well (4) is set to U-shaped cell body and vertical active well (4) is arranged on the sidewall of interconnection (2).
The method removed foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval based on interconnection the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
In interconnection (2) and vertical passageway (3), it is provided with Barrien-free preventer (6).
The method removed foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval based on interconnection the most according to claim 5, is characterized in that:
nullBarrien-free preventer (6) includes matrix bracing means and outer support device,Matrix bracing means is set to concrete layer body、Grid and anchor pole and on the wall need supporting, be injected with concrete layer body,Grating on concrete layer body,Grid is fixed on the wall needing supporting by anchor pole,Outer support device is set to include arched girder (61)、Support crossbeam (62)、The two ends end face portion of curb girder (63) and a bracer (64) and arched girder (61) is respectively arranged with curb girder (63),It is provided with between two curb girders (63) and supports crossbeam (62) and the inner side face of curb girder (63) is provided with a bracer (64),Arched girder (61) and curb girder (63) supporting are on the wall needing supporting,Acted on a bracer (64) by telescoping cylinder,Arched girder (61) and curb girder (63) are installed and removed,
Or when being mounted with anchor pole on the sidewall need supporting, avoid the need between two curb girders (63), be provided with support crossbeam (62).
The method removed foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval based on interconnection the most according to claim 5, is characterized in that:
The Barrien-free preventer (6) being arranged on interconnection (2) is set to include advanced Barrien-free preventer (6) and Barrien-free preventer (6),
Or Barrien-free preventer (6) is set to the protection body being made up of plastic grill and recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock in advance, the roof at interconnection (2) excavation position covers plastic grill, by recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock, plastic grill is fixed in interconnection (2) excavation position
Or the Barrien-free preventer (6) of interconnection (2) is set to the overcoat being made up of grid and concrete layer body and the detachable supporter being made up of support steel arch-shelf, hydraulic prop and side's gallows timber, concrete layer body is ejected on the roof of interconnection (2) grating again, form overcoat, in the base end wall of interconnection (2) side's of putting gallows timber and by hydraulic prop support steel arch-shelf act on grid, form supporter
Or concrete layer body be set to thickness be 80-400mm, intensity less than the concrete layer body of C20, be 80-400mm at thickness, the intensity concrete layer body less than C20 be provided with accelerator,
Or the Barrien-free preventer (6) of vertical passageway (3) is set to the overcoat that is made up of composite plastic steel grating and concrete layer body.
The method removed foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval based on interconnection the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
The method removing dyskinetic foreign body is set to include full-sleeve set access method, antifriction removal method and excavated by manual work and removes method,
Or full-sleeve set access method: use Split type hydraulic rig and set cylinder drill pipe to carry out being looped around the hole body of anchor cable at the periphery of anchor cable, anchor cable peeled off with surrounding soil, by external force, anchor cable is extracted together with set cylinder drill pipe, backfill anchor hole,
Or the method that antifriction is pulled out: use water under high pressure that anchor cable surrounding soil carries out cutting and peel off, utilize external force to be extracted by anchor cable, backfill anchor hole,
Or the method that excavated by manual work removes: use Luoyang Spade, along anchor cable direction, surrounding soil is excavated, utilize rig to be peeled off with anchoring body by steel strand wires, then use cutter to be cut off by steel strand wires.
The method removed foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval based on interconnection the most according to claim 1, is characterized in that:
The method removing the anchor cable in shield interval, the steps include:
One, the excavation of the passage of anchor cable is removed
A, in shield interval in, along the driving route of shield excavation machine, determine anchor cable by metal detector, in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval, the driving route along shield excavation machine excavates interconnection (2);
B, in interconnection (2), the vertical passageway (3) communicated with ground is excavated in the radial line direction of the section that shield along shield excavation machine is interval;
C, in interconnection (2), determine anchor cable by metal detector, the vertical active well (4) communicated with anchor cable is excavated in the radial line direction of the section that shield along shield excavation machine is interval;
Two, the installation of protection
A, the protection of interconnection (2): using advanced Barrien-free preventer (6) at interconnection (2) excavation position, using the interconnection (2) formed can Barrien-free preventer (6);
B, vertical passageway (3): on the inwall of vertical passageway (3), use Barrien-free preventer (6),
Three, the removing of anchor cable
Excision anchor cable part in interconnection (2), vertical passageway (3) and vertical active well (4), for there is the anchor cable in Rock And Soil, by anchor cable full-sleeve is extracted, antifriction pull out and excavated by manual work remove by the way of the anchor cable in Rock And Soil is removed,
Along the driving route of shield excavation machine, between ground and interconnection (2), it is provided with vertical passageway (3) and in interconnection (2), is provided with vertical active well (4) vertically downward,
The driving route of shield excavation machine determines anchor cable by metal detector, in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval, driving route along shield excavation machine excavates a plurality of interconnection (2) and communicates with anchor cable, a plurality of interconnection (2) is set to the shield interval both wings distribution along shield excavation machine
Or the method that the fender post in shield interval and steel waist rail removed, the steps include:
One, the excavation of the passage of fender post and steel waist rail is removed
A, in shield interval in, fender post and steel waist rail is determined by fender post and steel waist rail coordinate along the driving route of shield excavation machine, in the section that the shield of shield excavation machine is interval, the driving route along shield excavation machine changes interconnection (2) direction for removing anchor cable;
B, in interconnection (2), the vertical passageway (3) communicated with ground is excavated in the radial line direction of the section that shield along shield excavation machine is interval;
C, in interconnection (2), the axis direction along fender post excavates the vertical active well (4) that communicates with fender post and steel waist rail;
Two, the installation of protection
A, the protection of interconnection (2): using advanced Barrien-free preventer (6) at interconnection (2) excavation position, using the interconnection (2) formed can Barrien-free preventer (6);
B, vertical passageway (3): on the inwall of vertical passageway (3), use Barrien-free preventer (6),
Three, the removing of fender post and steel waist rail
By pneumatic pick pile body reinforced concrete protective layer peeled off and use gas cutting to be cut off by reinforcing bar and fender post is removed, excision is in interconnection (2), fender post in vertical passageway (3) and vertical active well (4) and steel waist rail part, for there is the fender post in Rock And Soil and steel waist rail, and excavate forward along fender post axis direction and carry out Barrien-free preventer (6), the pile body making fender post is exposed, after interconnection (2) top and bottom reinforcement bars are cut off, along channel roof and bottom pneumatic pick, stake is blocked, finally crush in bulk and transport outside hole, after fender post is removed, steel waist rail natural exposing is out, gas cutting is used to cut off piecemeal,
The left and right sidewall at interconnection (2) position being in fender post and steel waist rail is provided with extending space.
10. device foreign body dyskinetic in shield interval removed based on interconnection, include the interconnection (2) being arranged in the shield interval of shield excavation machine and connecting with dyskinetic foreign body in shield interval, interconnection (2) is set to be distributed along the driving route of shield excavation machine
Or design section and the distribution link of interconnection (2) according to the section in the shield interval of shield excavation machine forms the mode connected with foreign body,
Or also include vertical passageway (3), vertical active well (4) and Barrien-free preventer (6), in the section 1 that shield is interval, it is provided with the interconnection (2) of the driving route distribution along shield excavation machine and between interconnection (2) and ground, is provided with vertical passageway (3), in interconnection (2), it is provided with the vertical active well (4) communicated with foreign body and is provided with Barrien-free preventer (6) in interconnection (2) and vertical passageway (3)
Or the contour line of interconnection (2) is set to arch gate-shaped body,
Or be set to be distributed in variable area along the lateral cross section of section shape interconnection (2) of the driving route of shield excavation machine,
Or interconnection (2) centrally disposed is the center superposition distribution that the shield with shield excavation machine is interval,
Or interconnection (2) centrally disposed is the off(-)center distribution that the shield with shield excavation machine is interval,
Or the ratio setting of the cross-sectional area in the cross-sectional area of interconnection (2) and shield interval is 0.28-0.38:1,
Or the ratio setting of the diameter in the shield interval of the diameter of interconnection (2) and shield excavation machine is 0.3-0.5,
Or the diameter of interconnection (2) is set to 2.5-4.0m,
Or vertical passageway (3) are set to well shape body,
Or vertically active well (4) is set to U-shaped cell body, the uncovered portion of vertical active well (4) is arranged on the sidewall of interconnection (2),
Or along the driving route of shield excavation machine, between ground and interconnection (2), be provided with vertical passageway (3) and in interconnection (2), be provided with vertical active well (4) vertically downward,
Or a plurality of interconnection (2) is set to the shield interval both wings distribution along shield excavation machine,
Or Barrien-free preventer (6) includes matrix bracing means and outer support device, matrix bracing means is set to concrete layer body, grid and anchor pole and on the wall need supporting, be injected with concrete layer body, grating on concrete layer body, grid is fixed on the wall needing supporting by anchor pole, outer support device is set to include arched girder (61), support crossbeam (62), the two ends end face portion of curb girder (63) and a bracer (64) and arched girder (61) is respectively arranged with curb girder (63), it is provided with between two curb girders (63) and supports crossbeam (62) and the inner side face of curb girder (63) is provided with a bracer (64),
Or the Barrien-free preventer (6) being arranged on interconnection (2) is set to include advanced Barrien-free preventer (6) and Barrien-free preventer (6), advanced Barrien-free preventer (6) is set to the protection body that is made up of plastic grill and recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock and Barrien-free preventer (6) is set to the overcoat being made up of grid and concrete layer body and the detachable supporter being made up of support steel arch-shelf, hydraulic prop and side's gallows timber
Or concrete layer body be set to thickness be 80-400mm, intensity less than C20 concrete layer body and thickness be 80-400mm, intensity less than C20 concrete layer body in be provided with accelerator,
Or the Barrien-free preventer (6) being arranged on vertical active well (4) is set to Barrien-free preventer (6) and Barrien-free preventer (6) is set to the overcoat that is made up of composite plastic steel grating and concrete layer body.
CN201610332247.2A 2015-09-09 2016-05-19 The method and device that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection CN105822313B (en)

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Cited By (6)

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CN106437798A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-02-22 广东省基础工程集团有限公司 Pretreatment method for anchor cable group penetrating through shield driving fracture surface
CN107461200A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-12-12 中铁四局集团第五工程有限公司 A kind of construction technology for handling shield machine and passing through anchor cable barrier zone anchor cable
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CN108222012A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-06-29 中冶天工集团有限公司 A kind of foundation pit anchor cable excision and the construction method that supporting pile is carried out using anchor cable excision system
CN108612100A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-10-02 佛山轨道交通设计研究院有限公司 A method of anchor cable is handled using churning driven

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106168134A (en) * 2016-08-16 2016-11-30 泰安市岱宗机电科技开发有限公司 Based on side to passage to the method for removing of foreign body in shield interval and device
CN106168134B (en) * 2016-08-16 2019-04-05 泰安市岱宗机电科技开发有限公司 Based on side to channel to the method for removing and device of foreign matter in shield section
CN106437798A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-02-22 广东省基础工程集团有限公司 Pretreatment method for anchor cable group penetrating through shield driving fracture surface
CN107461200A (en) * 2017-09-18 2017-12-12 中铁四局集团第五工程有限公司 A kind of construction technology for handling shield machine and passing through anchor cable barrier zone anchor cable
CN107461200B (en) * 2017-09-18 2020-02-21 中铁四局集团第五工程有限公司 Construction process for treating anchor cable of shield machine passing through anchor cable obstacle area
CN107740596A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-02-27 中建三局第建设工程有限责任公司 A kind of non-open cut Demolition Construction method of underground structure being drilled into
CN108222012A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-06-29 中冶天工集团有限公司 A kind of foundation pit anchor cable excision and the construction method that supporting pile is carried out using anchor cable excision system
CN108612100A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-10-02 佛山轨道交通设计研究院有限公司 A method of anchor cable is handled using churning driven

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