CN105822313B - The method and device that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection - Google Patents

The method and device that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105822313B
CN105822313B CN201610332247.2A CN201610332247A CN105822313B CN 105822313 B CN105822313 B CN 105822313B CN 201610332247 A CN201610332247 A CN 201610332247A CN 105822313 B CN105822313 B CN 105822313B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
interconnection
shield
foreign matter
excavation machine
dyskinetic
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Application number
CN201610332247.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105822313A (en
Inventor
张加冕
马勇
卞广勇
张探
董承朋
Original Assignee
泰安市岱宗机电科技开发有限公司
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Priority to CN2015105669632 priority Critical
Priority to CN201510566963.2A priority patent/CN105201515A/en
Application filed by 泰安市岱宗机电科技开发有限公司 filed Critical 泰安市岱宗机电科技开发有限公司
Publication of CN105822313A publication Critical patent/CN105822313A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105822313B publication Critical patent/CN105822313B/en

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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D9/00Tunnels or galleries, with or without linings; Methods or apparatus for making thereof; Layout of tunnels or galleries
    • E21D9/06Making by using a driving shield, i.e. advanced by pushing means bearing against the already placed lining
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21DSHAFTS; TUNNELS; GALLERIES; LARGE UNDERGROUND CHAMBERS
    • E21D9/00Tunnels or galleries, with or without linings; Methods or apparatus for making thereof; Layout of tunnels or galleries
    • E21D9/14Layout of tunnels or galleries; Constructional features of tunnels or galleries, not otherwise provided for, e.g. portals, day-light attenuation at tunnel openings

Abstract

A kind of method and device removed to dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section based on interconnection, step are:In the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine, it is provided with the interconnection of the driving route distribution along shield excavation machine(2), in interconnection(2)In foreign matter is removed, pass through interconnection(2)It is connected with the dyskinetic foreign matter in the shield section of shield excavation machine, in interconnection(2)In dyskinetic foreign matter is removed, it is no longer necessary to operating personnel enter in the front end high storehouse of shield excavation machine the removal for carrying out anchor cable or anchor pole, therefore improve the working efficiency of shield excavation machine, have ensured the personal safety of operating personnel.

Description

Dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection method and Device
One, technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of method and device removed to dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section, especially a kind of bases In the method and device that interconnection removes dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section.
Two, background technology
When carrying out underground engineering operation, in order to improve engineer operation speed, need to use shield excavation machine, but in high level A large amount of anchor cables, anchor pole, fender post and the steel waist rail that building foundation pit construction of prevention work is left, have seriously affected Tunnel Boring section and have applied Work, when shield excavation machine is in progradation, anchor cable, anchor pole, fender post and steel waist rail are twisted into shield machine front deck cutterhead, cause shield Structure development machine can not construct, and need operating personnel to enter in the front end high storehouse of shield excavation machine and carry out anchor cable, anchor pole, go along with sb. to guard him The removal of stake and steel waist rail affects the working efficiency of shield excavation machine, and generates personal injury, therefore base to operating personnel It is a kind of important construction method in the method and device that interconnection removes dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section and applies Tooling is set, currently not yet a kind of method and device removed to dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section based on interconnection.
Three, invention content
The object of the present invention is a kind of method removed to dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section based on interconnection,
The object of the present invention is a kind of device removed to dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section based on interconnection.
In order to overcome the technical drawbacks described above, the object of the present invention is to provide one kind being based on interconnection to shield section cataract or glaucoma The method and device that impenetrability foreign matter is removed, therefore the working efficiency of shield excavation machine is improved, ensure operating personnel's Personal safety.
In order to achieve the above objectives, the technical solution adopted by the present invention is that:One kind is based on interconnection to shield section cataract or glaucoma The method that impenetrability foreign matter is removed, step are:In the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine, it is provided with and is dug along shield Into the interconnection of the driving route distribution of machine, foreign matter is removed in interconnection.
Due to devising interconnection, pass through interconnection and the dyskinetic foreign matter phase in the shield section of shield excavation machine Connection removes dyskinetic foreign matter in interconnection, it is no longer necessary to which operating personnel enter the front end high of shield excavation machine The removal of anchor cable or anchor pole is carried out in storehouse, therefore improves the working efficiency of shield excavation machine, has ensured the person of operating personnel Safety.
The preferred embodiment one of the present invention:
The contour line of interconnection is set as arch gate-shaped body,
Or the lateral cross section of the section shape interconnection along the driving route of shield excavation machine is set as being distributed in variable area,
Or interconnection is centrally disposed to overlap distribution with the center in the shield section of shield excavation machine,
Or the centrally disposed off(-)center for the shield section of shield excavation machine of interconnection is distributed,
Or the ratio setting of the cross-sectional area of interconnection and the cross-sectional area in shield section is 0.28-0.38:1,
Or the ratio setting of the diameter in the shield section of the diameter and shield excavation machine of interconnection is 0.3-0.5,
Or the diameter of interconnection is set as 2.5-4.0m.
Due to the use of the interconnection of arch gate-shaped body, facilitates the excavation of interconnection and protected in interconnection Installation, by the dislocation in the shield section of interconnection and shield excavation machine, retain anchor cable outside shield section, fender post and Steel waist rail improves the stability of ground, by the design of the ratio of the ratio and diameter of area, reduces interconnection The matching of excavated volume and interconnection and the excavated volume in shield section is best, and test result shows a diameter of of interconnection 2.5-4.0m construction efficiency higher.
The preferred embodiment two of the present invention:
When dyskinetic foreign matter removes in shield section, the channel for removing dyskinetic foreign matter refers to interconnection, When in order to remove dyskinetic foreign matter with realizing continuity, it is also to remove barrier that interconnection, which extends to the vertical passageway being connected to ground, The channel of impenetrability foreign matter, when the dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section do not have it is exposed in interconnection when, interconnection prolongs It is also the channel for removing dyskinetic foreign matter to stretch for the vertical active well being connected to dyskinetic foreign matter, remove channel be set as include At least one interconnection excavated.
The channel that dyskinetic foreign matter is removed due to devising realizes interconnection in shield section by vertical passageway Continuity extend, improve the efficiency for removing dyskinetic foreign matter, by vertical active well, increase the foreign matter in shield section Bare area, it is convenient in removing channel to carry out operation to remaining in the foreign matter in Rock And Soil, make to remove foreign matter more thorough Bottom.
The preferred embodiment three of the present invention:
Vertical passageway is set as well shape body,
Or vertical active well is set as the open portion of U-shaped groove body and vertical active well and side wall in interconnection is arranged On.
Due to devising vertical passageway, the construction of interconnection and vertical active well and the transhipment of substance are facilitated, is carried High construction efficiency, also improves the air environment in interconnection, due to devising vertical active well, meets to shield area The discovery and removal of interior foreign matter require, and also improve the working efficiency of the discovery to the foreign matter in shield section and removal.
The preferred embodiment four of the present invention:
In interconnection and vertical passageway, it is provided with Barrien-free protective device.
Due to devising Barrien-free protective device, it ensure that the safety of interconnection and vertical passageway, meet transverse direction The needs of the excavation of the long range in channel and vertical passageway.
The preferred embodiment five of the present invention:
Barrien-free protective device includes matrix bracing means and outer support device, and matrix bracing means is set as coagulation Soil layer body, grid and anchor pole and concrete layer body is injected on the wall for need supporting, the grating on concrete layer body, Grid is fixed on by anchor pole on the wall for needing supporting, and outer support device is set as including arched girder, support beam, curb girder and branch The both ends end face portion of bracer and arched girder is respectively arranged with curb girder, support beam is provided between two curb girders and in curb girder Inside face be provided with supporting block, arched girder and curb girder supporting act on supporting block on the wall for needing supporting by telescoping cylinder On, arched girder and curb girder are installed and removed.
Or when being mounted with anchor pole on the side wall for need supporting, there is no need to support cross is provided between two curb girders Beam.
Due to devising Barrien-free protective device, interconnection and vertical passageway ensure that by matrix bracing means The stability of wall body prevents collapsing for interconnection and the wall body of vertical passageway, passes through support beam by outer support device Outer support power, improve the unfailing performance of outer support device.
The preferred embodiment six of the present invention:
The Barrien-free protective device being arranged in interconnection is set as including advanced Barrien-free protective device and nothing Dyskinetic protective device,
Or advanced Barrien-free protective device is set as being made of plastic grill and recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock Protection body covers plastic grill on the roof that interconnection excavates position, by recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock modeling Material grid is fixed on interconnection and excavates in position,
Or the Barrien-free protective device of interconnection be set as the protective layer being made of grid and concrete layer body and by The detachable supporter for supportting steel arch-shelf, hydraulic prop and square gallows timber composition, is ejected into concrete layer body the roof of interconnection On grating again, form protective layer, in the base end wall of interconnection the side's of putting gallows timber and by hydraulic prop support steel Arch acts on grid, forms supporter,
Or concrete layer body is set as the concrete layer body that thickness is 80-400mm, intensity is less than C20, is 80- in thickness 400mm, intensity are provided with accelerator in the concrete layer body less than C20,
Or the Barrien-free protective device of vertical passageway is set as the protective layer being made of composite plastic steel grating and concrete layer body.
Due to devising Barrien-free protective device, pass through plastic grill, concrete layer body and recoverable anchor rod or non-gold Belonging to anchor pole prevents from generating harm to shield machine front deck cutterhead, and shield machine is met by supportting steel arch-shelf, hydraulic prop and square gallows timber The need of work of front deck cutterhead will not generate damage to shield machine front deck cutterhead.
The preferred embodiment seven of the present invention:
The method removed to dyskinetic foreign matter is set as including that full-sleeve extracts method, antifriction removal method and people Work excavates method,
Or full-sleeve extracts method:It carries out on the periphery of anchor cable being looped around anchor using Split type hydraulic drilling machine and set cylinder drill pipe The hole body of rope removes anchor cable and surrounding soil, and anchor cable and set cylinder drill pipe are extracted together by external force, backfill anchor hole,
Or the method that antifriction is pulled out:Cutting stripping is carried out to anchor cable surrounding soil using high pressure water, using external force by anchor cable It extracts, backfills anchor hole,
Or the method manually excavated:Using Luoyang Spade, surrounding soil is excavated along anchor cable direction, using drilling machine by steel strand wires It is removed with anchoring body, then cut off steel strand wires using cutter.
Due to devising the method removed to dyskinetic foreign matter, method, antifriction removal method are extracted by full-sleeve With manually excavate method, the foreign matter in shield section is extracted or is crushed, the efficiency removed to foreign matter is improved, realizes Recycling to anchor cable, fender post and steel waist rail.
The preferred embodiment eight of the present invention:
To the method that the anchor cable in shield section is removed, step is:
One, the excavation in the channel of anchor cable is removed
A, in shield section, anchor cable is determined by metal detector along the driving route of shield excavation machine, in shield In the section in the shield section of structure development machine, the driving route along shield excavation machine excavates interconnection;
B, it in interconnection, is communicated with ground along the radial line direction excavation of the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine Vertical passageway;
C, in interconnection, anchor cable is determined by metal detector, the section along the shield section of shield excavation machine Excavate the vertical active well communicated with anchor cable in radial line direction;
Two, the installation protected
A, the protection of interconnection:Position is excavated in interconnection and uses advanced Barrien-free protective device, to shape At interconnection use can Barrien-free protective device;
B, vertical passageway:Barrien-free protective device is used on the inner wall of vertical passageway.
Three, the removal of anchor cable
The anchor cable part in interconnection, vertical passageway and vertical active well is cut off, for there are the anchors in Rock And Soil Rope, being extracted to anchor cable full-sleeve, antifriction is pulled out and the anchor cable in Rock And Soil is removed by way of manually excavating,
Vertical passageway is provided between ground and interconnection along the driving route of shield excavation machine and in transverse direction Vertical active well vertically downward is provided in channel.
Anchor cable is determined by metal detector on the driving route of shield excavation machine, in the shield section of shield excavation machine Section in, excavate a plurality of interconnection along the driving route of shield excavation machine and communicated with anchor cable, a plurality of interconnection is set as Along the shield section both wings distribution of shield excavation machine.
It is interior in a limited space due to devising the method removed to the anchor cable in shield section, meet anchor cable Segmentation removal, realize the recycling of anchor cable, meet the operation needs of shield excavation machine.
The preferred embodiment nine of the present invention:
To in shield section fender post and the method that is removed of steel waist rail, step be:
One, the excavation in the channel of fender post and steel waist rail is removed
A, it in shield section, is enclosed by fender post and the determination of steel waist rail coordinate along the driving route of shield excavation machine Fender pile and steel waist rail, in the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine, the driving route along shield excavation machine changes for moving Except the interconnection direction of anchor cable;
B, it in interconnection, is communicated with ground along the radial line direction excavation of the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine Vertical passageway;
C, in interconnection, the axis direction along fender post excavates the vertical work communicated with fender post and steel waist rail Well;
Two, the installation protected
A, the protection of interconnection:Position is excavated in interconnection and uses advanced Barrien-free protective device, to shape At interconnection use can Barrien-free protective device;
B, vertical passageway:Barrien-free protective device is used on the inner wall of vertical passageway.
Three, the removal of fender post and steel waist rail
Pile body reinforced concrete protective layer is removed and cut off reinforcing bar using gas cutting by pneumatic pick, fender post is moved It removes, the fender post in interconnection, vertical passageway and vertical active well and steel waist rail part is cut off, for there are in Rock And Soil Fender post and steel waist rail, and excavate and carry out Barrien-free protective device forward along fender post axis direction, make fender post Pile body it is exposed, at the top of interconnection and after bottom reinforcement bars cut off, stake being blocked with pneumatic pick along channel roof and bottom, finally It is broken it is blocking transport outside hole, after fender post is removed, steel waist rail natural exposing comes out, and is cut off paragraph by paragraph using gas cutting.
It is provided with extending space in the left and right sidewall in fender post and the interconnection position of steel waist rail.
Due to devising to the fender post and the method that is removed of steel waist rail in shield section, in a limited space in, The crushing for meeting the segmentation of fender post and steel waist rail removes, and meets the operation needs of shield excavation machine.
The preferred embodiment ten of the present invention:
A kind of device removed to dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section based on interconnection includes to be arranged in shield The interconnection being connected in the shield section of development machine and with dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section, interconnection are set as along shield The driving route of structure development machine is distributed.
Due to devising interconnection, by interconnection, meet to the space that dyskinetic foreign matter removes in shield section, Improve the efficiency to dyskinetic foreign matter removal in shield section.
The preferred embodiment 11 of the present invention:
Interconnection is designed in the way of being formed in the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine and being connected to foreign matter Section and distribution link.
Due to devising interconnection, by interconnection, the distribution situation of dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is met, Improve the accuracy to dyskinetic foreign matter removal in shield section.
The preferred embodiment 12 of the present invention:
Also include vertical passageway, vertical active well and Barrien-free protective device, is arranged in the section 1 in shield section There is the interconnection of the driving route distribution along shield excavation machine and be provided with vertical passageway between interconnection and ground, It is provided with the vertical active well communicated with foreign matter in interconnection and is provided with no barrier in interconnection and vertical passageway Impenetrability protective device,
The contour line of interconnection is set as arch gate-shaped body,
Or the lateral cross section of the section shape interconnection along the driving route of shield excavation machine is set as being distributed in variable area,
Or interconnection is centrally disposed to overlap distribution with the center in the shield section of shield excavation machine,
Or the centrally disposed off(-)center for the shield section of shield excavation machine of interconnection is distributed,
Or the ratio setting of the cross-sectional area of interconnection and the cross-sectional area in shield section is 0.28-0.38:1,
Or the ratio setting of the diameter in the shield section of the diameter and shield excavation machine of interconnection is 0.3-0.5,
Or the diameter of interconnection is set as 2.5-4.0m,
Or vertical passageway is set as well shape body,
Or vertical active well is set as U-shaped groove body, the open portion of vertical active well is arranged on the side wall of interconnection,
Or vertical passageway is provided between ground and interconnection along the driving route of shield excavation machine and in cross Vertical active well vertically downward is provided with into channel,
Or a plurality of interconnection is set as the shield section both wings distribution along shield excavation machine,
Or Barrien-free protective device includes matrix bracing means and outer support device, matrix bracing means is set as mixed It coagulates soil layer body, grid and anchor pole and is injected with concrete layer body on the wall for need supporting, in concrete layer body overlying Geiger Grid, grid are fixed on by anchor pole on the wall for needing supporting, and outer support device is set as including arched girder, support beam, curb girder Be respectively arranged with curb girder with the both ends end face portion of supporting block and arched girder, be provided between two curb girders support beam and The inside face of curb girder is provided with supporting block.
Or the Barrien-free protective device for being arranged in interconnection be set as include advanced Barrien-free protective device and Barrien-free protective device, advanced Barrien-free protective device are set as by plastic grill and recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock The protection body and Barrien-free protective device of composition are set as the protective layer being made of grid and concrete layer body and by support steel The detachable supporter of arch, hydraulic prop and square gallows timber composition,
Or concrete layer body is set as thickness and is 80-400mm, concrete layer body of the intensity less than C20 and in thickness is 80-400mm, intensity are provided with accelerator in the concrete layer body less than C20,
Or the Barrien-free protective device for being arranged in vertical active well is set as Barrien-free protective device and accessible Property protective device is set as the protective layer being made of composite plastic steel grating and concrete layer body.
Due to devising vertical passageway, vertical active well and Barrien-free protective device, pass through vertical passageway and vertical work Make well, improve removal efficiency, the safety of construction is ensure that by Barrien-free protective device, by interconnection, vertical logical The deformation of road and vertical active well and mutual arrangement, meet the requirement to foreign matters such as anchor cable, fender post and steel waist rails.
In the technical scheme:
Dyskinetic foreign matter refers to the work route distribution along shield excavation machine and influences the main of shield tunneling machine operation For anchor cable, the metal parts of fender post and steel waist rail,
Anchor cable refers to the rope protected for building foundation pit, the entirety of bar and outer body of cement,
Interconnection refers to the trunk parallel with the work route of shield excavation machine,
Vertical passageway and vertical active well refer to covering to remove dyskinetic foreign matter and with other functions to meet Interconnection extension,
Barrien-free protective device refer to ensure interconnection be in normal condition and to the operation of shield excavation machine not Form the prop of obstacle.
When the technical program indicates the size of size using diameter, corresponding section is also to be cut with what diameter identified Face, such as circumferential section, oval cross section.
In the technical scheme, the interconnection being connected to anchor cable is formed in the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine For important technical characteristic, in the technology of the method and device removed to dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section based on interconnection In field, there is novelty, creativeness and practicability, term in the technical scheme can all be used in the art Patent document explains and understands.
Four, it illustrates
In order to more clearly explain the embodiment of the invention or the technical proposal in the existing technology, to embodiment or will show below There is attached drawing needed in technology description to be briefly described, it should be apparent that, the accompanying drawings in the following description is only this Some embodiments of invention for those of ordinary skill in the art without creative efforts, can be with Obtain other attached drawings according to these attached drawings.
Fig. 1 is the removal anchor for the device of the present invention removed to dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section based on interconnection The schematic diagram of rope:
Section, 2- interconnections, the vertical passageways 3-, the vertical active wells of 4-, 5- anchor cables, the 6- Barrien-frees in 1- shields section Protective device,
Fig. 2 is that the removal for the device of the present invention removed to dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section based on interconnection is enclosed The schematic diagram of fender pile and steel waist rail:
Section, 2- interconnections, the vertical passageways 3-, the vertical active wells of 4-, the 6- Barrien-frees protection dress in 1- shields section It sets, 9- fender posts and steel waist rail.
Five, specific implementation mode
According to guidelines for examination, such as " having ", "comprising" and " comprising " term used in the present invention should understand that Not allot the presence or addition of one or more of the other element or combinations thereof.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that term "center", "upper", "lower", "left", "right", "vertical", The orientation or positional relationship of the instructions such as "horizontal", "inner", "outside" be based on the orientation or positional relationship shown in the drawings, merely to Convenient for the description present invention and simplify description, do not indicate or imply the indicated device or element must have a particular orientation, With specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore it is not considered as limiting the invention.In addition, term " first ", " second ", " third " is used for description purposes only, and is not understood to indicate or imply relative importance.
In the description of the present invention, it should be noted that unless otherwise clearly defined and limited, term " installation ", " phase Even ", " connection " shall be understood in a broad sense, for example, it may be being fixedly connected, may be a detachable connection, or be integrally connected;It can Can also be electrical connection to be mechanical connection;It can be directly connected, can also indirectly connected through an intermediary, Ke Yishi Connection inside two elements.For the ordinary skill in the art, above-mentioned term can be understood at this with concrete condition Concrete meaning in invention.
As long as in addition, technical characteristic involved in invention described below different embodiments non-structure each other It can be combined with each other at conflict.
A method of dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, with reference to embodiment, The present invention is further described, following embodiment is intended to illustrate invention rather than limitation of the invention further.
One embodiment,
To the method that the anchor cable in shield section is removed, step is:
One, the excavation in the channel of anchor cable is removed
A, in shield section, anchor cable is determined by metal detector along the driving route of shield excavation machine, in shield In the section in the shield section of structure development machine, the driving route along shield excavation machine excavates interconnection 2;
B, it in interconnection 2, excavates along the radial line direction of the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine and is communicated with ground Vertical passageway 3;
C, in interconnection 2, anchor cable is determined by metal detector, the section along the shield section of shield excavation machine Excavate the vertical active well 4 communicated with anchor cable in radial line direction;
Two, the installation protected
A, the protection of interconnection 2:Position is excavated in interconnection 2 and uses advanced Barrien-free protective device 6, to 2 use of interconnection of formation can Barrien-free protective device 6;
B, vertical passageway 3:Barrien-free protective device 6 is used on the inner wall of vertical passageway 3.
Three, the removal of anchor cable
The anchor cable part in interconnection 2, vertical passageway 3 and vertical active well 4 is cut off, for there are in Rock And Soil Anchor cable, being extracted to anchor cable full-sleeve, antifriction is pulled out and the anchor cable in Rock And Soil is removed by way of manually excavating.
In the present embodiment, the contour line of interconnection 2 is set as arch gate-shaped body and the driving along shield excavation machine The lateral cross section of the section shape interconnection 2 of route is set as being distributed in variable area, the diameter of interconnection 2 and shield excavation machine The ratio setting of the diameter in shield section is 0.3-0.5.
In the present embodiment, vertical passageway 3 is provided in round or rectangular well shape body and vertical active well 4 are set as U-shaped The open portion of shape groove body, vertical active well 4 is arranged on the side wall of interconnection 2.
In the present embodiment, the ratio setting of the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 and the cross-sectional area in shield section is 0.28- 0.38:1.
In the present embodiment, interconnection 2 is centrally disposed to be overlapped with the center in the shield section of shield excavation machine point Cloth is provided with along the driving route of shield excavation machine between ground and interconnection 2 vertical passageway 3 and in interconnection Vertical active well 4 vertically downward is provided in 2.
In the present embodiment, anchor cable is determined by metal detector on the driving route of shield excavation machine, is dug in shield Into in the section in the shield section of machine, excavates a plurality of interconnection 2 along the driving route of shield excavation machine and communicated with anchor cable, it is a plurality of Interconnection 2 is set as the shield section both wings distribution along shield excavation machine.
In the present embodiment, two interconnections 2 are excavated along the driving route of shield excavation machine to communicate with anchor cable, it is laterally logical The diameter in road 2 is set as 2.5-4.0m.
In the present embodiment, advanced Barrien-free protective device 6 is set as by plastic grill and recoverable anchor rod or non-gold The protection body for belonging to anchor pole composition covers plastic grill on the roof that interconnection 2 excavates position, by recoverable anchor rod or non- Plastic grill is fixed on interconnection 2 and excavated in position by anchor metal.
In the present embodiment, the Barrien-free protective device 6 of interconnection 2 is set as being made of grid and concrete layer body Protective layer and the detachable supporter that is made of support steel arch-shelf, hydraulic prop and square gallows timber, concrete layer body is ejected into cross The grating again on the roof in channel 2 forms protective layer, the side's of putting gallows timber and passes through in the base end wall of interconnection 2 Hydraulic prop acts on support steel arch-shelf on grid, forms supporter.
In the present embodiment, concrete layer body is set as the concrete layer body that thickness is 80-400mm, intensity is less than C20, It is provided with accelerator in thickness is the concrete layer body of 80-400mm, intensity less than C20.
In the present embodiment, the Barrien-free protective device 6 of vertical passageway 3 is set as by composite plastic steel grating and concrete layer body The protective layer of composition.
In the present embodiment, the step of full-sleeve is extracted:Using Split type hydraulic drilling machine and set cylinder drill pipe anchor cable week While carrying out the hole body for being looped around anchor cable, anchor cable and surrounding soil are removed, anchor cable and set cylinder drill pipe are extracted together by external force, Backfill anchor hole.
In the present embodiment, the step of antifriction is pulled out:Cutting stripping is carried out to anchor cable surrounding soil using high pressure water, is utilized External force extracts anchor cable, backfills anchor hole.
In the present embodiment, the step of manually excavating:Using Luoyang Spade, surrounding soil is excavated along anchor cable direction, is utilized Steel strand wires and anchoring body are removed, then are cut off steel strand wires using cutter by drilling machine.
In the present embodiment, the jetted layers body of modified waterglass can also be used to substitute concrete layer body, modified water Glass refers to the mixture of waterglass and phosphoric acid.
To in shield section fender post and the method that is removed of steel waist rail, step be:
One, the excavation in the channel of fender post and steel waist rail is removed
A, it in shield section, is enclosed by fender post and the determination of steel waist rail coordinate along the driving route of shield excavation machine Fender pile and steel waist rail, in the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine, the driving route along shield excavation machine changes for moving Except 2 direction of interconnection of anchor cable;
B, it in interconnection 2, excavates along the radial line direction of the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine and is communicated with ground Vertical passageway 3;
C, in interconnection 2, the axis direction along fender post excavates the vertical work communicated with fender post and steel waist rail Well 4;
Two, the installation protected
A, the protection of interconnection 2:Position is excavated in interconnection 2 and uses advanced Barrien-free protective device 6, to 2 use of interconnection of formation can Barrien-free protective device 6;
B, vertical passageway 3:Barrien-free protective device 6 is used on the inner wall of vertical passageway 3.
Three, the removal of fender post and steel waist rail
Pile body reinforced concrete protective layer is removed and cut off reinforcing bar using gas cutting by pneumatic pick, fender post is moved It removes, the fender post in interconnection 2, vertical passageway 3 and vertical active well 4 and steel waist rail part is cut off, for there are ground Fender post in body and steel waist rail, and excavate and carry out Barrien-free protective device 6 forward along fender post axis direction, make to enclose The pile body of fender pile is exposed, after being cut off to 2 top of interconnection and bottom reinforcement bars, cuts stake along channel roof and bottom pneumatic pick It is disconnected, be finally crushed it is blocking transport outside hole, after fender post is removed, steel waist rail natural exposing comes out, piecewise using gas cutting or hydraulic tongs It cuts off.
In the present embodiment, it is provided with expansion in the left and right sidewall in fender post and 2 position of interconnection of steel waist rail Open up space.
In the present embodiment, the centrally disposed off(-)center point for the shield section of shield excavation machine of interconnection 2 Cloth.
A method of dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, second embodiment,
To the method that anchor cable, fender post or the steel waist rail in shield section are removed, step is:
When dyskinetic foreign matter removes in shield section, the channel for removing dyskinetic foreign matter refers to interconnection 2, When in order to remove dyskinetic foreign matter with realizing continuity, it is also to remove that interconnection 2, which extends to the vertical passageway 3 being connected to ground, The channel of dyskinetic foreign matter, when the dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section do not have it is exposed in interconnection 2 when, interconnection 2 extend to the channel that the vertical active well 4 being connected to dyskinetic foreign matter is also the dyskinetic foreign matter of removal,
Barrien-free protective device 6 includes matrix bracing means and outer support device, and matrix bracing means is set as mixed It coagulates soil layer body, grid and anchor pole and is injected with concrete layer body on the wall for need supporting, in concrete layer body overlying Geiger Grid, grid are fixed on by anchor pole on the wall for needing supporting, outer support device be set as include arched girder 61, support beam 62, Curb girder 63 and supporting block 64 and the both ends end face portion of arched girder 61 is respectively arranged with curb girder 63, are provided between two curb girders 63 Support beam 62 and the inside face of curb girder 63 is provided with supporting block 64, arched girder 61 and 63 supporting of curb girder are needing supporting It on wall, is acted in supporting block 64 by telescoping cylinder, arched girder 61 and curb girder 63 is installed and removed.
In the present embodiment, anchor pole is set as recoverable anchor rod or glass fibre reinforced plastics rockbolts, when using glass fibre reinforced plastics rockbolts, so that it may No longer to be recycled, grid is set as plastic grill, when using plastic grill, so that it may no longer to be recycled, work as use When the plate body of timber or bamboo wood substitutes grid, so that it may no longer to be recycled, when substituting grid using steel wire or expanded metal lath, Recycling removal will be carried out, when being mounted with anchor pole on the side wall for need supporting, there is no need to be arranged between two curb girders 63 There is support beam 62.
In a kind of one embodiment of the method removed to dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section based on interconnection On the basis of second embodiment, according to anchor cable, the driving route of the distribution situation of fender post or steel waist rail, shield excavation machine With the geological conditions of condition of construction, for the clause for meeting the clear of patent document and supporting, first of other forms implements Example,
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set as arch gate-shaped body and the section shape of the driving route along shield excavation machine is lateral The lateral cross section in channel 2 is set as being distributed in variable area, the diameter of the diameter of interconnection 2 and the shield section of shield excavation machine Ratio setting be 0.3,
The ratio setting of the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 and the cross-sectional area in shield section is 0.28:1,
Anchor cable is determined by metal detector on the driving route of shield excavation machine, in the shield section of shield excavation machine Section in, excavate two interconnections 2 along the driving route of shield excavation machine and communicated with anchor cable, the settings of two interconnections 2 It is distributed for the shield section both wings along shield excavation machine,
Two interconnections 2 are excavated along the driving route of shield excavation machine to communicate with anchor cable, the diameter setting of interconnection 2 For 2.5m,
Concrete layer body is set as the concrete layer body that thickness is 80mm, intensity is C20, thickness is 80mm, intensity is It is provided with accelerator in the concrete layer body of C20.
Second embodiment of other forms,
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set as arch gate-shaped body and the section shape of the driving route along shield excavation machine is lateral The lateral cross section in channel 2 is set as being distributed in variable area, the diameter of the diameter of interconnection 2 and the shield section of shield excavation machine Ratio setting be 0.5,
The ratio setting of the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 and the cross-sectional area in shield section is 0.38:1,
Anchor cable is determined by metal detector on the driving route of shield excavation machine, in the shield section of shield excavation machine Section in, excavate three interconnections 2 along the driving route of shield excavation machine and communicated with anchor cable, the settings of three interconnections 2 It is distributed for the shield section both wings along shield excavation machine,
Two interconnections 2 are excavated along the driving route of shield excavation machine to communicate with anchor cable, the diameter setting of interconnection 2 For 4.0m,
Concrete layer body is set as the concrete layer body that thickness is 400mm, intensity is less than C20, is 400mm, by force in thickness Degree is provided with accelerator in the concrete layer body less than C20.
The third embodiment of other forms,
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set as arch gate-shaped body and the section shape of the driving route along shield excavation machine is lateral The lateral cross section in channel 2 is set as being distributed in variable area, the diameter of the diameter of interconnection 2 and the shield section of shield excavation machine Ratio setting be 0.4,
The ratio setting of the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 and the cross-sectional area in shield section is 0.33:1,
Anchor cable is determined by metal detector on the driving route of shield excavation machine, in the shield section of shield excavation machine Section in, excavate three interconnections 2 along the driving route of shield excavation machine and communicated with anchor cable, the settings of three interconnections 2 It is distributed for the shield section both wings along shield excavation machine,
Two interconnections 2 are excavated along the driving route of shield excavation machine to communicate with anchor cable, the diameter setting of interconnection 2 For 3.25m,
Concrete layer body is set as the concrete layer body that thickness is 240mm, intensity is C20, is 240mm, intensity in thickness To be provided with accelerator in the concrete layer body of C20.
4th embodiment of other forms,
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set as arch gate-shaped body and the section shape of the driving route along shield excavation machine is lateral The lateral cross section in channel 2 is set as being distributed in variable area, the diameter of the diameter of interconnection 2 and the shield section of shield excavation machine Ratio setting be 0.33,
The ratio setting of the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 and the cross-sectional area in shield section is 0.36:1,
Anchor cable is determined by metal detector on the driving route of shield excavation machine, in the shield section of shield excavation machine Section in, excavate four interconnections 2 along the driving route of shield excavation machine and communicated with anchor cable, the settings of four interconnections 2 It is distributed for the shield section both wings along shield excavation machine,
Two interconnections 2 are excavated along the driving route of shield excavation machine to communicate with anchor cable, the diameter setting of interconnection 2 For 2.52m,
Concrete layer body is set as the concrete layer body that thickness is 320mm, intensity is less than C20, is 320mm, by force in thickness Degree is provided with accelerator in the concrete layer body less than C20.
Following will be combined with the drawings in the embodiments of the present invention, and technical solution in the embodiment of the present invention carries out clear, complete Site preparation describes, it is clear that described embodiments are only a part of the embodiments of the present invention, instead of all the embodiments.It is based on Embodiment in the present invention, it is obtained by those of ordinary skill in the art without making creative efforts every other Embodiment shall fall within the protection scope of the present invention.
A kind of device removed to dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section based on interconnection, attached drawing are the of the present invention One embodiment illustrates the present embodiment in conjunction with attached drawing, includes interconnection 2, vertical passageway 3, vertical active well 4 and nothing Dyskinetic protective device 6 is provided with the interconnection of the driving route distribution along shield excavation machine in the section 1 in shield section 2 and vertical passageway 3 is provided between interconnection 2 and ground, be provided in interconnection 2 communicated with foreign matter it is vertical Active well 4 and it is provided with Barrien-free protective device 6 in interconnection 2 and vertical passageway 3.
In the present embodiment, the contour line of interconnection 2 is set as arch gate-shaped body and the driving along shield excavation machine The lateral cross section of the section shape interconnection 2 of route is set as being distributed in variable area, cross-sectional area and the shield section of interconnection 2 Cross-sectional area ratio setting be 0.28-0.38:1.
In the present embodiment, vertical passageway 3 is set as well shape body and vertical active well 4 is set as U-shaped groove body, vertically The open portion of active well 4 is arranged on the side wall of interconnection 2.
In the present embodiment, the Barrien-free protective device 6 being arranged in interconnection 2 is set as including advanced accessible Property protective device 6 and Barrien-free protective device 6, advanced Barrien-free protective device 6 are set as by plastic grill and recyclable The protection body and Barrien-free protective device 6 that anchor pole or non-metallic rock form are set as being made of grid and concrete layer body Protective layer and the detachable supporter that is made of support steel arch-shelf, hydraulic prop and square gallows timber.
In the present embodiment, concrete layer body is set as concrete layer body of the thickness for 80-400mm, intensity less than C20 simultaneously And it is provided with accelerator in thickness is the concrete layer body of 80-400mm, intensity less than C20.
In the present embodiment, Barrien-free protective device 6 includes matrix bracing means and outer support device, and matrix is reinforced Device is set as concrete layer body, grid and anchor pole and is injected with concrete layer body on the wall for need supporting, in concrete Grating on layer body, grid is fixed on by anchor pole on the wall for needing supporting, outer support device be set as include arched girder 61, Support beam 62, curb girder 63 and supporting block 64 and the both ends end face portion of arched girder 61 is respectively arranged with curb girder 63, in two curb girders It is provided with support beam 62 between 63 and the inside face of curb girder 63 is provided with supporting block 64.
Arched girder 61 and 63 supporting of curb girder are acted on by telescoping cylinder in supporting block 64, on the wall for needing supporting to arched girder 61 and curb girder 63 installed and removed.
In the present embodiment, the Barrien-free protective device 6 being arranged in vertical active well 4 is set as Barrien-free protection dress It sets 6 and Barrien-free protective device 6 is set as the protective layer being made of composite plastic steel grating and concrete layer body.
In the present embodiment, interconnection 2 is centrally disposed to be overlapped with the center in the shield section of shield excavation machine point Cloth is provided with along the driving route of shield excavation machine between ground and interconnection 2 vertical passageway 3 and in interconnection Vertical active well 4 vertically downward is provided in 2.
A kind of device removed to dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section based on interconnection, attached drawing are the of the present invention Two embodiments,
A plurality of interconnection 2 is set as the shield section both wings distribution along shield excavation machine.
The ratio setting of the diameter of interconnection 2 and the diameter in the shield section of shield excavation machine is 0.3-0.5 and edge The driving route of shield excavation machine excavates two interconnections 2 and is communicated with foreign matter, and the diameter of interconnection 2 is set as 2.5- 4.0m。
In interconnection 2, vertical passageway 3 and vertical active well 4, removal procedure is carried out to exposed foreign matter part, it is right There are the foreign matters in Rock And Soil, and foreign matter is removed by way of choosing and crushing.
In a kind of one embodiment of the device removed to dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section based on interconnection On the basis of second embodiment, according to anchor cable, the driving route of the distribution situation of fender post or steel waist rail, shield excavation machine With the geological conditions of condition of construction, for the clause for meeting the clear of patent document and supporting, first of other forms implements Example,
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set as arch gate-shaped body and the section shape of the driving route along shield excavation machine is lateral The lateral cross section in channel 2 is set as being distributed in variable area, the ratio of the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 and the cross-sectional area in shield section Example is set as 0.28:1,
Concrete layer body be set as the concrete layer body that thickness is 80mm, intensity is C20 and thickness be 80mm, intensity To be provided with accelerator in the concrete layer body of C20,
Four interconnections 2 are set as the shield section both wings distribution along shield excavation machine,
The ratio setting of the diameter of interconnection 2 and the diameter in the shield section of shield excavation machine is 0.3 and along shield The driving route of development machine excavates four interconnections 2 and is communicated with foreign matter, and the diameter of interconnection 2 is set as 2.5m.
Second embodiment of other forms,
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set as arch gate-shaped body and the section shape of the driving route along shield excavation machine is lateral The lateral cross section in channel 2 is set as being distributed in variable area, the ratio of the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 and the cross-sectional area in shield section Example is set as 0.38:1,
Concrete layer body be set as thickness be 400mm, intensity less than C20 concrete layer body and thickness be 400mm, Intensity is provided with accelerator in the concrete layer body less than C20,
Two interconnections 2 are set as the shield section both wings distribution along shield excavation machine,
The ratio setting of the diameter of interconnection 2 and the diameter in the shield section of shield excavation machine is 0.5 and along shield The driving route of development machine excavates two interconnections 2 and is communicated with foreign matter, and the diameter of interconnection 2 is set as 4.0m.
The third embodiment of other forms,
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set as arch gate-shaped body and the section shape of the driving route along shield excavation machine is lateral The lateral cross section in channel 2 is set as being distributed in variable area, the ratio of the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 and the cross-sectional area in shield section Example is set as 0.33:1,
Concrete layer body be set as thickness be 240mm, intensity less than C20 concrete layer body and thickness be 240mm, Intensity is provided with accelerator in the concrete layer body less than C20,
Three interconnections 2 are set as the shield section both wings distribution along shield excavation machine,
The ratio setting of the diameter of interconnection 2 and the diameter in the shield section of shield excavation machine is 0.4 and along shield The driving route of development machine excavates three interconnections 2 and is communicated with foreign matter, and the diameter of interconnection 2 is set as 3.25m.
4th embodiment of other forms,
The contour line of interconnection 2 is set as arch gate-shaped body and the section shape of the driving route along shield excavation machine is lateral The lateral cross section in channel 2 is set as being distributed in variable area, the ratio of the cross-sectional area of interconnection 2 and the cross-sectional area in shield section Example is set as 0.30:1,
Concrete layer body be set as thickness be 330mm, intensity less than C20 concrete layer body and thickness be 330mm, Intensity is provided with accelerator in the concrete layer body less than C20,
Two interconnections 2 are set as the shield section both wings distribution along shield excavation machine,
The ratio setting of the diameter of interconnection 2 and the diameter in the shield section of shield excavation machine is 0.33 and along shield The driving route of development machine excavates two interconnections 2 and is communicated with foreign matter, and the diameter of interconnection 2 is set as 3.6m.
The present invention has the following characteristics:
1, due to devising interconnection 2, by interconnection 2 with it is dyskinetic different in the shield section of shield excavation machine Object is connected, and is removed to dyskinetic foreign matter in interconnection 2, it is no longer necessary to which operating personnel enter the front end of shield excavation machine The removal of anchor cable or anchor pole is carried out in high-pressure chamber, therefore improves the working efficiency of shield excavation machine, has ensured operating personnel's Personal safety.
2, channel is removed due to devising, to remaining in the progress operation of the anchor cable in Rock And Soil in removing channel, made pair Anchor cable is removed, it is no longer necessary to which operating personnel enter in the front end high storehouse of shield excavation machine the shifting for carrying out anchor cable or anchor pole It removes, therefore improves the working efficiency of shield excavation machine, ensured the personal safety of operating personnel.
3, channel is removed due to devising, facilitates removal operation.
4, channel is removed due to devising, has recycled Barrien-free protective device 6, has reduced construction cost.
5, the restriction of numberical range has been carried out to planform due to devising, it is the technical side of the present invention to make numberical range Technical characteristic in case is not to be calculated by formula or test the technical characteristic obtained by limited number of time, experiments have shown that the numerical value The technical characteristic of range achieves good technique effect.
6, due to devising the technical characteristic of the present invention, in the effect of the independent and mutual set of technical characteristic, By experiments have shown that, property indices of the invention be existing property indices be at least 1.7 times, pass through assess tool There is good market value.
Also others and 2 phase of interconnection that formation is connected to anchor cable in the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine Associated other technical characteristics are all one of the embodiment of the present invention, and each technical characteristic of embodiment described above can be into The arbitrary combination of row, to meet Patent Law, patent regulation and the requirement of guidelines for examination, no longer to each in above-described embodiment The embodiment of a all possible combination of technical characteristic is all described.
Above-described embodiment is provided by the present invention to be moved to dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section based on interconnection A kind of way of realization for the method and device removed increases according to other deformations of scheme provided by the present invention or reduces it In composition or step, or the present invention is belonged into the guarantor of the present invention for other technical fields close with the present invention Protect range.

Claims (32)

1. a kind of method that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, it is characterized in that:Its step is: In the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine, it is provided with the interconnection of the driving route distribution along shield excavation machine(2), In interconnection(2)In foreign matter is removed,
Interconnection(2)Contour line be set as arch gate-shaped body,
Along the section shape interconnection of the driving route of shield excavation machine(2)Lateral cross section be set as in variable area be distributed,
When dyskinetic foreign matter removes in shield section, the channel for removing dyskinetic foreign matter refers to interconnection(2), when In order to remove dyskinetic foreign matter, interconnection with realizing continuity(2)Extend to the vertical passageway being connected to ground(3)It is also to move Except the channel of dyskinetic foreign matter, when the dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section do not have it is exposed in interconnection(2)When middle, laterally Channel(2)Extend to the vertical active well being connected to dyskinetic foreign matter(4)It is also the channel for removing dyskinetic foreign matter, removes obstacle The channel of property foreign matter be set as include at least one excavation interconnection(2),
In interconnection(2)The vertical passageway and(3)In, it is provided with Barrien-free protective device(6),
In interconnection(2)In Barrien-free protective device(6)Include matrix bracing means and outer support device, matrix adds It is fixedly mounted with to install and is set to concrete layer body, grid and anchor pole and is injected with concrete layer body on the wall for need supporting, in coagulation Grating on soil layer body, grid are fixed on by anchor pole on the wall for needing supporting, and outer support device is set as including arched girder (61), support beam(62), curb girder(63)And supporting block(64)And arched girder(61)Both ends end face portion be respectively arranged with curb girder (63), in two curb girders(63)Between be provided with support beam(62)And in curb girder(63)Inside face be provided with supporting block (64), arched girder(61)And curb girder(63)Supporting acts on supporting block on the wall for needing supporting, by telescoping cylinder(64)On, to arch Beam(61)And curb girder(63)It is installed and is removed,
In vertical passageway(3)In Barrien-free protective device(6)Include to be set as by composite plastic steel grating and concrete layer body group At protective layer.
2. the method according to claim 1 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in:It is arranged in interconnection(2)Barrien-free protective device(6)It is set as also including advanced Barrien-free protection dress It sets(6), advanced Barrien-free protective device(6)It is set as being made of plastic grill and recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock anti- Watch box, in interconnection(2)It excavates and covers plastic grill on the roof at position, by recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock modeling Material grid is fixed on interconnection(2)It excavates in position.
3. the method according to claim 1 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in:Interconnection(2)It is centrally disposed with the center in the shield section of shield excavation machine to overlap distribution.
4. the method according to claim 1 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in:Interconnection(2)It is centrally disposed to be distributed with the off(-)center in the shield section of shield excavation machine.
5. the method according to claim 1 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in:Interconnection(2)The ratio setting of cross-sectional area in cross-sectional area and shield section be 0.28-0.38:1.
6. the method according to claim 1 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in:Interconnection(2)Diameter and shield excavation machine shield section diameter ratio setting be 0.3-0.5.
7. the method according to claim 1 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in:Interconnection(2)Diameter be set as 2.5-4.0m.
8. the method according to claim 1 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in:Vertical passageway(3)It is set as well shape body.
9. the method according to claim 1 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in:Vertical active well(4)It is set as U-shaped groove body and vertical active well(4)Open portion be arranged in interconnection(2) Side wall on.
10. the method according to claim 1 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in:When being mounted with anchor pole on the side wall for need supporting, there is no need in two curb girders(63)Between to be provided with support horizontal Beam(62).
11. the method according to claim 1 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in:
Concrete layer body be set as thickness be 80-400mm, intensity be less than C20 concrete layer body, thickness be 80-400mm, Intensity is provided with accelerator in the concrete layer body less than C20.
12. the method according to claim 1 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in:
The method removed to dyskinetic foreign matter is set as including that full-sleeve extracts method, antifriction removal method and excavated by manual work Except method.
13. the method according to claim 12 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:
Full-sleeve extracts method:The hole for being looped around anchor cable is carried out on the periphery of anchor cable using Split type hydraulic drilling machine and set cylinder drill pipe Body removes anchor cable and surrounding soil, and anchor cable and set cylinder drill pipe are extracted together by external force, backfill anchor hole.
14. the method according to claim 13 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:
The method that antifriction is pulled out:Cutting stripping is carried out to anchor cable surrounding soil using high pressure water, is extracted anchor cable using external force, is returned Fill out anchor hole.
15. the method according to claim 13 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:
The method manually excavated:Using Luoyang Spade, surrounding soil is excavated along anchor cable direction, by steel strand wires and is anchored using drilling machine Body is removed, then is cut off steel strand wires using cutter.
16. the method according to claim 1 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in:
To the method that the anchor cable in shield section is removed, step is:
One, the excavation in the channel of anchor cable is removed
A, in shield section, anchor cable is determined by metal detector along the driving route of shield excavation machine, is dug in shield Into in the section in the shield section of machine, the driving route along shield excavation machine excavates interconnection(2);
B, in interconnection(2)In, it is communicated with ground along the radial line direction excavation of the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine Vertical passageway(3);
C, in interconnection(2)In, anchor cable is determined by metal detector, along the diameter of the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine Excavate the vertical active well communicated with anchor cable in line direction(4);
Two, the installation protected
A, interconnection(2)Protection:In interconnection(2)It excavates position and uses advanced Barrien-free protective device(6), to Interconnection through formation(2)Use Barrien-free protective device(6);
B, vertical passageway(3):In vertical passageway(3)Inner wall on use Barrien-free protective device(6),
Three, the removal of anchor cable
Excision is in interconnection(2), vertical passageway(3)With vertical active well(4)In anchor cable part, for there are in Rock And Soil Anchor cable, being extracted to anchor cable full-sleeve, antifriction is pulled out and the anchor cable in Rock And Soil is removed by way of manually excavating,
On ground and interconnection along the driving route of shield excavation machine(2)Between be provided with vertical passageway(3)And in cross To channel(2)In be provided with vertical active well vertically downward(4),
Anchor cable is determined by metal detector on the driving route of shield excavation machine, in the disconnected of the shield section of shield excavation machine In face, the driving route along shield excavation machine excavates a plurality of interconnection(2)It is communicated with anchor cable, a plurality of interconnection(2)Setting It is distributed for the shield section both wings along shield excavation machine,
Or, in shield section fender post and the method that is removed of steel waist rail, step be:
One, the excavation in the channel of fender post and steel waist rail is removed
A, in shield section, fender post is determined by fender post and steel waist rail coordinate along the driving route of shield excavation machine With steel waist rail, in the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine, the driving route along shield excavation machine changes for removing anchor The interconnection of rope(2)Direction;
B, in interconnection(2)In, it is communicated with ground along the radial line direction excavation of the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine Vertical passageway(3);
C, in interconnection(2)In, the axis direction along fender post excavates the vertical active well communicated with fender post and steel waist rail (4);
Two, the installation protected
A, interconnection(2)Protection:In interconnection(2)It excavates position and uses advanced Barrien-free protective device(6), to Interconnection through formation(2)Use Barrien-free protective device(6);
B, vertical passageway(3):In vertical passageway(3)Inner wall on use Barrien-free protective device(6),
Three, the removal of fender post and steel waist rail
Pile body reinforced concrete protective layer is removed and cut off reinforcing bar using gas cutting by pneumatic pick, fender post is removed, cuts Except in interconnection(2), vertical passageway(3)With vertical active well(4)In fender post and steel waist rail part, for there are ground Fender post in body and steel waist rail, and excavated forward along fender post axis direction and carry out Barrien-free protective device(6), make The pile body of fender post is exposed, to interconnection(2)After top and bottom reinforcement bars are cut off, along channel roof and bottom pneumatic pick by stake Block, finally be crushed it is blocking transport outside hole, fender post remove after, steel waist rail natural exposing comes out, and is cut off paragraph by paragraph using gas cutting,
In the interconnection in fender post and steel waist rail(2)It is provided with extending space in the left and right sidewall at position.
17. a kind of device that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, it is characterized in that:Include to set The interconnection set in the shield section of shield excavation machine and be connected to dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section(2), laterally logical Road(2)It is set as being distributed along the driving route of shield excavation machine,
It also include vertical passageway(3), vertical active well(4)With Barrien-free protective device(6), the section in shield section( 1)In be provided with along shield excavation machine driving route distribution interconnection(2)And in interconnection(2)Between ground It is provided with vertical passageway(3), in interconnection(2)In be provided with the vertical active well communicated with foreign matter(4)And laterally logical Road(2)The vertical passageway and(3)In be provided with Barrien-free protective device(6),
In interconnection(2)In Barrien-free protective device(6)Include matrix bracing means and outer support device, matrix adds It is fixedly mounted with to install and is set to concrete layer body, grid and anchor pole and is injected with concrete layer body on the wall for need supporting, in coagulation Grating on soil layer body, grid are fixed on by anchor pole on the wall for needing supporting, and outer support device is set as including arched girder (61), support beam(62), curb girder(63)And supporting block(64)And arched girder(61)Both ends end face portion be respectively arranged with curb girder (63), in two curb girders(63)Between be provided with support beam(62)And in curb girder(63)Inside face be provided with supporting block (64),
In vertical passageway(3)In Barrien-free protective device(6)Include to be set as by composite plastic steel grating and concrete layer body group At protective layer.
18. the device according to claim 17 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:It is arranged in interconnection(2)Barrien-free protective device(6)It is set as including advanced Barrien-free protection dress It sets(6), advanced Barrien-free protective device(6)It is set as being made of plastic grill and recoverable anchor rod or non-metallic rock anti- Watch box.
19. the device according to claim 17 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:Interconnection is designed in the way of being formed in the section in the shield section of shield excavation machine and being connected to foreign matter (2)Section and distribution link.
20. the device according to claim 17 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:Interconnection(2)Contour line be set as arch gate-shaped body.
21. the device according to claim 17 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:Along the section shape interconnection of the driving route of shield excavation machine(2)Lateral cross section be set as in variable area be distributed.
22. the device according to claim 17 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:Interconnection(2)It is centrally disposed with the center in the shield section of shield excavation machine to overlap distribution.
23. the device according to claim 17 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:Interconnection(2)It is centrally disposed to be distributed with the off(-)center in the shield section of shield excavation machine.
24. the device according to claim 17 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:Interconnection(2)The ratio setting of cross-sectional area in cross-sectional area and shield section be 0.28-0.38:1.
25. the device according to claim 17 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:Interconnection(2)Diameter and shield excavation machine shield section diameter ratio setting be 0.3-0.5.
26. the device according to claim 17 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:Interconnection(2)Diameter be set as 2.5-4.0m.
27. the device according to claim 17 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:Vertical passageway(3)It is set as well shape body.
28. the device according to claim 17 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:Vertical active well(4)It is set as U-shaped groove body, vertical active well(4)Open portion be arranged in interconnection(2) Side wall on.
29. the device according to claim 17 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:On ground and interconnection along the driving route of shield excavation machine(2)Between be provided with vertical passageway(3)And In interconnection(2)In be provided with vertical active well vertically downward(4).
30. the device according to claim 17 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:A plurality of interconnection(2)It is set as the shield section both wings distribution along shield excavation machine.
31. the device according to claim 17 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:Concrete layer body is set as thickness and is 80-400mm, concrete layer body of the intensity less than C20 and in thickness is 80-400mm, intensity are provided with accelerator in the concrete layer body less than C20.
32. the device according to claim 17 that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection, It is characterized in that:It is arranged in vertical active well(4)Barrien-free protective device(6)It is set as by composite plastic steel grating and concrete layer body The protective layer of composition.
CN201610332247.2A 2015-09-09 2016-05-19 The method and device that dyskinetic foreign matter in shield section is removed based on interconnection CN105822313B (en)

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CN105201515A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-12-30 泰安市岱宗机电科技开发有限公司 Anchor cable dismantling method based on shield operation area
CN106168134B (en) * 2016-08-16 2019-04-05 泰安市岱宗机电科技开发有限公司 Based on side to channel to the method for removing and device of foreign matter in shield section
CN106437798B (en) * 2016-09-23 2018-12-18 广东省基础工程集团有限公司 A kind of preprocess method of the anchor cable group across shield driving section
CN107461200B (en) * 2017-09-18 2020-02-21 中铁四局集团第五工程有限公司 Construction process for treating anchor cable of shield machine passing through anchor cable obstacle area
CN107740596A (en) * 2017-11-30 2018-02-27 中建三局第建设工程有限责任公司 A kind of non-open cut Demolition Construction method of underground structure being drilled into
CN108222012A (en) * 2017-12-18 2018-06-29 中冶天工集团有限公司 A kind of foundation pit anchor cable excision and the construction method that supporting pile is carried out using anchor cable excision system
CN108612100A (en) * 2018-04-12 2018-10-02 佛山轨道交通设计研究院有限公司 A method of anchor cable is handled using churning driven
CN108643948B (en) * 2018-04-27 2020-03-17 中建八局轨道交通建设有限公司 Construction method for shield to penetrate anchor cable area
CN108643193B (en) * 2018-05-16 2020-06-23 深圳市工勘岩土集团有限公司 Drilling and pulling method for prestressed anchor cable of foundation pit support

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CN203066074U (en) * 2012-12-28 2013-07-17 宏润建设集团股份有限公司 Anchor rod pull-out system
CN103075161A (en) * 2013-01-16 2013-05-01 中铁隧道集团有限公司 Quick underground obstacle clearing method for slurry shield construction
CN104564091A (en) * 2013-10-24 2015-04-29 宏润建设集团股份有限公司 Method and device for removing anchor rods from shield crossing area
CN105201515A (en) * 2015-09-09 2015-12-30 泰安市岱宗机电科技开发有限公司 Anchor cable dismantling method based on shield operation area

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