CN105811621A - Permanent magnet invisible magnetic pole and electromagnetic hybrid series-parallel type generator - Google Patents

Permanent magnet invisible magnetic pole and electromagnetic hybrid series-parallel type generator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105811621A
CN105811621A CN201610306584.4A CN201610306584A CN105811621A CN 105811621 A CN105811621 A CN 105811621A CN 201610306584 A CN201610306584 A CN 201610306584A CN 105811621 A CN105811621 A CN 105811621A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
pole
magnetic
rotor
permanent
inverted
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610306584.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
杜钦君
张学义
耿慧慧
李爱军
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong University of Technology
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Shandong University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong University of Technology filed Critical Shandong University of Technology
Priority to CN201610306584.4A priority Critical patent/CN105811621A/en
Publication of CN105811621A publication Critical patent/CN105811621A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K1/00Details of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/06Details of the magnetic circuit characterised by the shape, form or construction
    • H02K1/22Rotating parts of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/24Rotor cores with salient poles ; Variable reluctance rotors
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K1/00Details of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/06Details of the magnetic circuit characterised by the shape, form or construction
    • H02K1/22Rotating parts of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/27Rotor cores with permanent magnets
    • H02K1/2706Inner rotor
    • H02K1/272Inner rotor where the magnetisation axis of the magnets is radial or tangential
    • H02K1/274Inner rotor where the magnetisation axis of the magnets is radial or tangential consisting of a plurality of circumferentially positioned magnets
    • H02K1/2746Inner rotor where the magnetisation axis of the magnets is radial or tangential consisting of a plurality of circumferentially positioned magnets consisting of magnets arranged with the same polarity

Abstract

The invention provides a permanent magnet invisible magnetic pole and electromagnetic hybrid series-parallel type generator, and belongs to the technical field of motors and electric appliances of automobiles. The generator comprises a front end cover, a back end cover, a hybrid series-parallel type rotor, a stator and an electronic voltage-stabilizing controller; rectangular permanent magnet steels are mounted in corresponding first rectangular grooves and the second rectangular grooves of T-shaped salient poles of the rotor iron core respectively; an electric exciting winding is wound around the T-shaped salient poles; the magnetic field in the air gap of the generator is jointly supplied by the permanent magnet steels and the electric exciting winding; the generated magnetic field directly faces to the air gap, so that the leakage flux is low in amount; the magnetic field obtained by synthesis of the permanent magnetic field and the electromagnetic field can be adjusted by changing the magnitude and the direction of the power-on current of the electric exciting winding; and therefore, the output voltage of the generator is stable, and the safety and the operational reliability of the electric appliance equipment of the automobile can be ensured.

Description

Permanent magnetic invisible magnetic pole and electromagnetism series parallel type electromotor
Technical field
The present invention provides a kind of permanent magnetic invisible magnetic pole and electromagnetism series parallel type electromotor, belongs to electric motor of automobile technical field of electric appliances.
Background technology
Auto industry is the mark of modern industry, it it is the leading industry of the national economic development, various aspects in the life of industrial and agricultural production, transportation and human being's production all play indispensable effect, the electromotor that current and automobile accessories use, ubiquity the phenomenon that output voltage is unstable, it is impossible to meet user's instructions for use.nullPatent of invention such as Chinese patent publication bulletin in 8 days Augusts calendar year 2001: voltage stabilization permanent magneto generator,Application number: 00112053.0,By casing、Support、Line shaft、Rotor、Permanent magnetic steel、Stator、Stator winding、Stator seat、Stator slip cap、Balancing spring、Anti-rotational attachment screw、Sliding shoe、Regulate rotating shaft、Location bearing、Regulate the composition such as rotating shaft driving mechanism and automatic feedback control circuit,Power rotation axis is fixed on support by positioning bearing,Rotor is fixed on power rotation axis,One end of stator slip cap is fixed on support,Stator slip cap has groove vertically,Balancing spring is arranged in stator slip cap,One end of this spring is stopped by the end face of stator slip cap,Other end pushing and withstanding is placed in the sliding shoe in stator slip cap,Fixed by the anti-rotational attachment screw through slip cap groove between this sliding shoe with stator seat and be connected,This sliding shoe center is that screw thread is flexibly connected with the one end regulating rotating shaft,The detection signal input part of automatic feedback control circuit is connected to stator winding outfan,The control signal outfan of this circuit is connected to the controlled terminal of driving mechanism.This voltage stabilization permanent magneto generator structure is complicated, and cost is high, and its serviceability needs further improvement.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide one and can overcome drawbacks described above, magnetic field in power generator air gap is provided jointly by permanent-magnet steel and electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection, and magnetic field can regulate, output voltage stabilization, permanent magnetic invisible magnetic pole easy to install and use and electromagnetism series parallel type electromotor, its technology contents is:
Permanent magnetic invisible magnetic pole and electromagnetism series parallel type electromotor are made up of drive end bearing bracket, rear end cap, series parallel type rotor, stator, electronic voltage regulation controller, it is characterized in that: series parallel type rotor is made up of Lundell electricity excitation rotor and the rotor with hybrid excitation with carbon brush slip-ring structure, and rotor with hybrid excitation is made up of salient pole electricity excitation rotor and embedded permanent magnetic invisible magnetic pole rotor;
nullEmbedded permanent magnetic invisible magnetic pole rotor is by axle、First rectangle permanent-magnet steel、Second rectangle permanent-magnet steel、Rotor core forms,Rotor core is evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole,The outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and on same circumference,The inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference,It is provided with through the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels of rotor core thickness and the inverted "eight" shape groove bosom in T font salient pole lateral part near outer end at interval of a T font salient pole,The inner middle of the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels is provided with through rotor core thickness and the positive "eight" shape groove formed by two the second rectangular channels,The outer end of two the first rectangular channels forming inverted "eight" shape groove does not all connect with the exterior arc surface of T font salient pole lateral part,The outer end of two the second rectangular channels forming positive "eight" shape groove does not connect,Jointly be provided with through in the inner of the inner of each first rectangular channel and adjacent second rectangular channel rotor core thickness every magnetic air gap,Every the outer end of magnetic air gap, the inner of the inner with the first rectangular channel and the second rectangular channel all connects,Adjacent does not connect every magnetic air gap,Do not connect every the inner of the inner of magnetic air gap with T font salient pole lateral part;
nullIdentical two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is respectively placed in the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels on rotor core and the inner side of inverted "eight" shape that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is formed is N pole,Identical two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel is respectively placed in the positive "eight" shape groove formed by two the second rectangular channels in the middle of inverted "eight" shape the inner that the inner side on rotor core is N pole and the outside of positive "eight" shape that two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel is formed is N pole,The S pole outside inverted "eight" shape and the S pole inside the positive "eight" shape of two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel formation that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is formed are guided in T font salient pole lateral part both without the first rectangular channel each through rotor core、Again without on the exterior arc surface of the T font salient pole of the second rectangular channel,Form the S pole of hidden magnetic pole,Rotor core is fitted on axle.
Operation principle: the pulley rotation of driven by engine series parallel type electromotor, namely rotor field rotates, armature winding cutting magnetic line, produces electromotive force, provides power supply to automobile electrical equipment.
The present invention is compared with prior art, rectangle permanent-magnet steel is separately mounted to the first rectangular channel on rotor core T font salient pole and in the second rectangular channel, electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection is wrapped on T font salient pole, magnetic field in power generator air gap is provided jointly by permanent-magnet steel and electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection, the magnetic field produced is directly facing air gap, leakage field is few, by regulating the size and Orientation of electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection electrical current, the magnetic field after permanent magnetic field and electromagnetic field synthesis is made to regulate, generator output voltage is stable, it is ensured that the safety of auto electric equipment and dependability.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the rotor with hybrid excitation profile of embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
In figure: 1, electronic voltage regulation controller 2, axle 3, rear end cap 4, stator the 5, first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 6, rotor core 7, drive end bearing bracket the 8, second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 9, every magnetic air gap.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
Permanent magnetic invisible magnetic pole and electromagnetism series parallel type electromotor are made up of drive end bearing bracket 7, rear end cap 3, series parallel type rotor, stator 4, electronic voltage regulation controller 1, it is characterized in that: series parallel type rotor is made up of Lundell electricity excitation rotor and the rotor with hybrid excitation with carbon brush slip-ring structure, and rotor with hybrid excitation is made up of salient pole electricity excitation rotor and embedded permanent magnetic invisible magnetic pole rotor;
nullEmbedded permanent magnetic invisible magnetic pole rotor is by axle 2、First rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5、Second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 8、Rotor core 6 forms,Rotor core 6 is evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole,The outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and on same circumference,The inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference,It is provided with through the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels of rotor core 6 thickness and the inverted "eight" shape groove bosom in T font salient pole lateral part near outer end at interval of a T font salient pole,The inner middle of the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels is provided with through rotor core 6 thickness and the positive "eight" shape groove formed by two the second rectangular channels,The outer end of two the first rectangular channels forming inverted "eight" shape groove does not all connect with the exterior arc surface of T font salient pole lateral part,The outer end of two the second rectangular channels forming positive "eight" shape groove does not connect,Jointly be provided with through in the inner of the inner of each first rectangular channel and adjacent second rectangular channel rotor core 6 thickness every magnetic air gap 9,Every the outer end of magnetic air gap 9, the inner of the inner with the first rectangular channel and the second rectangular channel all connects,Adjacent does not connect every magnetic air gap 9,Do not connect every the inner of the inner of magnetic air gap 9 with T font salient pole lateral part;
nullIdentical two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5 is respectively placed in the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels on rotor core 6 and the inner side of inverted "eight" shape that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5 is formed is N pole,In the positive "eight" shape groove formed by two the second rectangular channels in the middle of inverted "eight" shape the inner that inner side is N pole being respectively placed at by identical two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 8 on the rotor core 6 and outside of positive "eight" shape that formed of two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 8 is N pole,The S pole outside inverted "eight" shape and the S pole inside the positive "eight" shape of two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 8 formation that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5 is formed are guided in T font salient pole lateral part both without the first rectangular channel each through rotor core 6、Again without on the exterior arc surface of the T font salient pole of the second rectangular channel,Form the S pole of hidden magnetic pole,Rotor core 6 is fitted on axle 2.

Claims (1)

1. a permanent magnetic invisible magnetic pole and electromagnetism series parallel type electromotor, it is made up of drive end bearing bracket (7), rear end cap (3), series parallel type rotor, stator (4), electronic voltage regulation controller (1), it is characterized in that: series parallel type rotor is made up of Lundell electricity excitation rotor and the rotor with hybrid excitation with carbon brush slip-ring structure, and rotor with hybrid excitation is made up of salient pole electricity excitation rotor and embedded permanent magnetic invisible magnetic pole rotor;
nullEmbedded permanent magnetic invisible magnetic pole rotor is by axle (2)、First rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5)、Second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (8)、Rotor core (6) forms,Rotor core (6) is evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole,The outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and on same circumference,The inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference,It is provided with through the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels of rotor core (6) thickness and the inverted "eight" shape groove bosom in T font salient pole lateral part near outer end at interval of a T font salient pole,The inner middle of the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels is provided with through rotor core (6) thickness and the positive "eight" shape groove formed by two the second rectangular channels,The outer end of two the first rectangular channels forming inverted "eight" shape groove does not all connect with the exterior arc surface of T font salient pole lateral part,The outer end of two the second rectangular channels forming positive "eight" shape groove does not connect,Jointly be provided with through in the inner of the inner of each first rectangular channel and adjacent second rectangular channel rotor core (6) thickness every magnetic air gap (9),All connect every the inner of the outer end of magnetic air gap (9) with the inner of the first rectangular channel and the second rectangular channel,Adjacent does not connect every magnetic air gap (9),Do not connect every the inner of the inner of magnetic air gap (9) with T font salient pole lateral part;
nullIdentical two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5) is respectively placed in the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels on rotor core (6) and the inner side of inverted "eight" shape that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5) is formed is N pole,In the positive "eight" shape groove formed by two the second rectangular channels in the middle of inverted "eight" shape the inner that inner side is N pole identical two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (8) being respectively placed on rotor core (6) and the outside of positive "eight" shape that formed of two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (8) is N pole,S pole inside the S pole outside inverted "eight" shape that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5) is formed and the positive "eight" shape that two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (8) is formed is guided in T font salient pole lateral part both without the first rectangular channel each through rotor core (6)、Again without on the exterior arc surface of the T font salient pole of the second rectangular channel,Form the S pole of hidden magnetic pole,Rotor core (6) is fitted on axle (2).
CN201610306584.4A 2016-05-11 2016-05-11 Permanent magnet invisible magnetic pole and electromagnetic hybrid series-parallel type generator Pending CN105811621A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610306584.4A CN105811621A (en) 2016-05-11 2016-05-11 Permanent magnet invisible magnetic pole and electromagnetic hybrid series-parallel type generator

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610306584.4A CN105811621A (en) 2016-05-11 2016-05-11 Permanent magnet invisible magnetic pole and electromagnetic hybrid series-parallel type generator

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Publication Number Publication Date
CN105811621A true CN105811621A (en) 2016-07-27

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Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201122886Y (en) * 2007-11-28 2008-09-24 刘侃 Permanent magnet type self-starting DC motor rotor improvement structure
CN102386702A (en) * 2011-12-19 2012-03-21 南车株洲电机有限公司 Permanent magnetic synchronous motor and W-shaped rotor structure thereof
CN103001434A (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-03-27 上海电驱动有限公司 Magnetized salient pole type mixed excitation synchronous motor
JP2014103741A (en) * 2012-11-19 2014-06-05 Jtekt Corp Magnet embedded type rotor
CN204168095U (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-02-18 山东理工大学 Pawl pole electromagnetism and permanent magnetism compound rectifier excitation Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT)

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN201122886Y (en) * 2007-11-28 2008-09-24 刘侃 Permanent magnet type self-starting DC motor rotor improvement structure
CN103001434A (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-03-27 上海电驱动有限公司 Magnetized salient pole type mixed excitation synchronous motor
CN102386702A (en) * 2011-12-19 2012-03-21 南车株洲电机有限公司 Permanent magnetic synchronous motor and W-shaped rotor structure thereof
JP2014103741A (en) * 2012-11-19 2014-06-05 Jtekt Corp Magnet embedded type rotor
CN204168095U (en) * 2014-11-10 2015-02-18 山东理工大学 Pawl pole electromagnetism and permanent magnetism compound rectifier excitation Blast Furnace Top Gas Recovery Turbine Unit (TRT)

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Application publication date: 20160727

RJ01 Rejection of invention patent application after publication