CN105914923A - Salient pole electromagnetic and claw-pole permanent magnet hybrid generator - Google Patents

Salient pole electromagnetic and claw-pole permanent magnet hybrid generator Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105914923A
CN105914923A CN201610311844.7A CN201610311844A CN105914923A CN 105914923 A CN105914923 A CN 105914923A CN 201610311844 A CN201610311844 A CN 201610311844A CN 105914923 A CN105914923 A CN 105914923A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
inverted
pole
rotor
magnet steel
permanent
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610311844.7A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张学义
于成龙
Original Assignee
张学义
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Application filed by 张学义 filed Critical 张学义
Priority to CN201610311844.7A priority Critical patent/CN105914923A/en
Publication of CN105914923A publication Critical patent/CN105914923A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K1/00Details of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/06Details of the magnetic circuit characterised by the shape, form or construction
    • H02K1/22Rotating parts of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/24Rotor cores with salient poles ; Variable reluctance rotors
    • H02K1/243Rotor cores with salient poles ; Variable reluctance rotors of the claw-pole type
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K1/00Details of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/06Details of the magnetic circuit characterised by the shape, form or construction
    • H02K1/22Rotating parts of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/27Rotor cores with permanent magnets
    • H02K1/2706Inner rotor
    • H02K1/272Inner rotor where the magnetisation axis of the magnets is radial or tangential
    • H02K1/274Inner rotor where the magnetisation axis of the magnets is radial or tangential consisting of a plurality of circumferentially positioned magnets
    • H02K1/2753Inner rotor where the magnetisation axis of the magnets is radial or tangential consisting of a plurality of circumferentially positioned magnets consisting of magnets or groups of magnets arranged with alternating polarity
    • H02K1/276Magnets embedded in the magnetic core
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K21/00Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets
    • H02K21/02Details
    • H02K21/04Windings on magnets for additional excitation ; Windings and magnets for additional excitation
    • H02K21/042Windings on magnets for additional excitation ; Windings and magnets for additional excitation with permanent magnets and field winding both rotating
    • H02K21/044Rotor of the claw pole type
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K21/00Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets
    • H02K21/12Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets
    • H02K21/14Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets with magnets rotating within the armatures

Abstract

The invention provides a salient pole electromagnetic and claw-pole permanent magnet hybrid generator, belonging to the automobile motor electric appliance technical field, and comprises a front end cover, a rear end cover, a hybrid generator, a stator and an electronic voltage stabilization controller. Rectangular permanent magnet steels are respectively installed in first and second rectangular notches of rotor iron core T-shaped salient poles; electro-magnetic coils wind the T-shaped salient poles; a generated magnetic field directly faces air gaps, and generates less leakage flux; a magnetic field in generator air gaps is provided by the permanent magnet steels and the electro-magnetic coils, and has the characteristics of great magnetic field intensity and high power density; through adjusting the size and direction of electric current of the electro-magnetic coils, the magnetic field combined by a permanent magnetic field and an electromagnetic field is adjustable, and the output voltage of the generator is stable, thereby guaranteeing the safety and use reliability of automobile electric equipment.

Description

Salient pole electromagnetism and pawl pole permanent magnetism series parallel type electromotor
Technical field
The present invention provides a kind of salient pole electromagnetism and pawl pole permanent magnetism series parallel type electromotor, belongs to electric motor of automobile electrical apparatus technology neck Territory.
Background technology
Auto industry is the mark of modern industry, is the leading industry of the national economic development, in industrial and agricultural production, traffic fortune Defeated and human being's production life various aspects all play indispensable effect, the electromotor that current and automobile accessories use, Generally there is the phenomenon that output voltage is unstable, it is impossible to meet user and use requirement.Such as Chinese patent publication August calendar year 2001 8 Day bulletin patent of invention: voltage stabilization permanent magneto generator, application number: 00 1 12053.0, by casing, support, line shaft, rotor, Permanent magnetic steel, stator, stator winding, stator seat, stator slip cap, balancing spring, anti-rotational attachment screw, sliding shoe, regulation Rotating shaft, location bearing, the regulation composition such as rotating shaft drive mechanism and automatic feedback control circuit, power rotation axis is by location bearing Being fixed on support, rotor is fixed on power rotation axis, and one end of stator slip cap is fixed on support, on stator slip cap Having groove vertically, balancing spring is arranged in stator slip cap, and one end of this spring is hindered by the end face of stator slip cap Gear, other end pushing and withstanding is placed in the sliding shoe in stator slip cap, by through slip cap groove between this sliding shoe and stator seat Anti-rotational attachment screw is fixing to be connected, and this sliding shoe center is that screw thread is flexibly connected with one end of regulation rotating shaft, automatic feedback control The detection signal input part of circuit processed is connected to stator winding outfan, and the control signal outfan of this circuit is connected to drive mechanism Controlled terminal.This voltage stabilization permanent magneto generator structure is complicated, and cost is high, and its serviceability needs further improvement.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide one and can overcome drawbacks described above, the magnetic field in power generator air gap is encouraged by permanent-magnet steel and electricity Magnetic winding provides jointly, and magnetic field can regulate, output voltage stabilization, salient pole electromagnetism easy to install and use and the permanent magnetism series-parallel connection of pawl pole Formula electromotor, its technology contents is:
Salient pole electromagnetism and pawl pole permanent magnetism series parallel type electromotor are by drive end bearing bracket, rear end cap, series parallel type rotor, stator, electronic regulation control Device processed forms, it is characterised in that: series parallel type rotor is made up of claw-pole permanent magnet rotor and rotor with hybrid excitation, rotor with hybrid excitation It is made up of salient pole electrical excitation rotor and combination type magnetic pole p-m rotor;
Combination type magnetic pole p-m rotor is made up of axle, the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel, the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel, rotor core, rotor ferrum Being evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole on core, the outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and on same circumference, The inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference, in each T font salient pole lateral part Bosom is provided with the first inverted "eight" shape running through rotor core thickness and being formed by two the first rectangular channels at outer end Groove, two the first rectangular channels be provided with in the middle of the outer end of the first inverted "eight" shape groove formed and run through rotor core thickness and by two The second inverted "eight" shape groove that individual second rectangular channel is formed, forms the outer end of two the first rectangular channels of the first inverted "eight" shape groove Do not connect with the external arc of T font salient pole lateral part, form two the first rectangular channels interior of the first inverted "eight" shape groove Do not connect between end, form outer end and the T font salient pole lateral part of two the second rectangular channels of the second inverted "eight" shape groove External arc does not connects, and does not connects between the inner of two the second rectangular channels forming the second inverted "eight" shape groove;
Identical two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is respectively placed at being formed by two the first rectangular channels of rotor core In first inverted "eight" shape groove and the inner side of the first inverted "eight" shape that formed of two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is N pole, by complete The first inverted "eight" shape outer end that inner side is N pole that exactly the same two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel is respectively placed on rotor core In middle the second inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the second rectangular channels and two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel formed second The inner side of inverted "eight" shape is N pole, more identical other two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is respectively placed at rotor ferrum In the first inverted "eight" shape groove formed by other first rectangular channel on another one T font salient pole adjacent on core and two panels The inner side of the first inverted "eight" shape that the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is formed is S pole, by identical other two panels the second rectangle The inner side that permanent-magnet steel is respectively placed on rotor core be S pole first in the middle of inverted "eight" shape outer end by two other second In the second inverted "eight" shape groove that rectangular channel is formed and the inner side of the second inverted "eight" shape that formed of two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel It is S pole, the like, forming N pole, S the most spaced combination type magnetic pole p-m rotor, rotor core is fitted on axle.
Operation principle: the pulley rotation of driven by engine series parallel type electromotor, i.e. rotor field rotate, and armature winding is cut Cut the magnetic line of force, produce electromotive force, provide power supply to automobile electrical equipment.
Compared with prior art, rectangle permanent-magnet steel is separately mounted to the first square on rotor core T font salient pole to the present invention In shape groove and the second rectangular channel, electrical excitation winding is wrapped on T font salient pole, and the magnetic field of generation is directly facing air gap, and leakage field is few, Magnetic field in power generator air gap is provided jointly by permanent-magnet steel and electrical excitation winding, and magnetic field intensity is big, and power density is high, by regulation The size and Orientation of electrical excitation winding electrical current, makes the magnetic field after permanent magnetic field and electromagnetic field synthesis to regulate, and electromotor is defeated Go out voltage stabilization, it is ensured that the safety of auto electric equipment and dependability.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the rotor with hybrid excitation profile of embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
In figure: 1, electronic voltage regulation controller 2, rear end cap the 3, first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 4, stator 5, rotor core 6, Axle 7, drive end bearing bracket the 8, second rectangle permanent-magnet steel.
Detailed description of the invention
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings:
Salient pole electromagnetism and pawl pole permanent magnetism series parallel type electromotor are by drive end bearing bracket 7, rear end cap 2, series parallel type rotor, stator 4, electronic regulation Controller 1 forms, it is characterised in that: series parallel type rotor is made up of claw-pole permanent magnet rotor and rotor with hybrid excitation, composite excitation Rotor is made up of salient pole electrical excitation rotor and combination type magnetic pole p-m rotor;
Combination type magnetic pole p-m rotor is made up of axle the 6, first rectangle permanent-magnet steel the 3, second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 8, rotor core 5, turns Being evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole on sub-iron core 5, the outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and at same circle Zhou Shang, the inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference, horizontal at each T font salient pole The bosom of part be provided with at outer end run through rotor core 5 thickness and by two the first rectangular channels is formed first "eight" shape groove, two the first rectangular channels be provided with in the middle of the outer end of the first inverted "eight" shape groove formed and run through rotor core 5 Thickness and the second inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the second rectangular channels, form two the first squares of the first inverted "eight" shape groove The outer end of shape groove does not connects with the external arc of T font salient pole lateral part, forms two first of the first inverted "eight" shape groove Do not connect between the inner of rectangular channel, form outer end and the T font salient pole of two the second rectangular channels of the second inverted "eight" shape groove The external arc of lateral part does not connects, and does not connects between the inner of two the second rectangular channels forming the second inverted "eight" shape groove Logical;
Identical two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 3 is respectively placed at being formed by two the first rectangular channels of rotor core 5 The first inverted "eight" shape groove in and the inner side of the first inverted "eight" shape that formed of two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 3 be N pole, will The first inverted "eight" shape that inner side is N pole that identical two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 8 is respectively placed on rotor core 5 In the second inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the second rectangular channels in the middle of outer end and two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 8 is formed The inner side of the second inverted "eight" shape is N pole, then is respectively placed at by identical other two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 3 and turns In the first inverted "eight" shape groove formed by other first rectangular channel on another one T font salient pole adjacent on sub-iron core 5 And the inner side of the first inverted "eight" shape that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 3 is formed is S pole, by identical other two panels the In the middle of the first inverted "eight" shape outer end that two rectangle permanent-magnet steels 8 are respectively placed at that the inner side on rotor core 5 is S pole by additionally Two second rectangular channel formed the second inverted "eight" shape groove in and two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 8 formed second fall " eight " word The inner side of shape is S pole, the like, forming N pole, S the most spaced combination type magnetic pole p-m rotor, rotor core 5 is pressed It is contained on axle 6.

Claims (1)

1. salient pole electromagnetism and a pawl pole permanent magnetism series parallel type electromotor, by drive end bearing bracket (7), rear end cap (2), series parallel type rotor, determines Son (4), electronic voltage regulation controller (1) composition, it is characterised in that: series parallel type rotor is turned by claw-pole permanent magnet rotor and composite excitation Son composition, rotor with hybrid excitation is made up of salient pole electrical excitation rotor and combination type magnetic pole p-m rotor;
Combination type magnetic pole p-m rotor is by axle (6), the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (3), the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (8), rotor core (5) Composition, rotor core (5) is evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole, the outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts be circular arc and On same circumference, the inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference, in each T font The bosom of salient pole lateral part is provided with at outer end and runs through rotor core (5) thickness and formed by two the first rectangular channels The first inverted "eight" shape groove, two the first rectangular channels be provided with in the middle of the outer end of the first inverted "eight" shape groove formed run through turn Sub-iron core (5) thickness and the second inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the second rectangular channels, form the first inverted "eight" shape groove The outer end of two the first rectangular channels does not connects with the external arc of T font salient pole lateral part, forms the first inverted "eight" shape groove Two the first rectangular channels the inner between do not connect, formed the second inverted "eight" shape groove two the second rectangular channels outer end with The external arc of T font salient pole lateral part does not connects, and forms the inner of two the second rectangular channels of the second inverted "eight" shape groove Between do not connect;
Identical two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (3) is respectively placed at rotor core (5) by two the first rectangular channels In the first inverted "eight" shape groove formed and the inner side of the first inverted "eight" shape that formed of two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (3) is N pole, inner side is N pole first that identical two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (8) is respectively placed on rotor core (5) In the second inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the second rectangular channels in the middle of inverted "eight" shape outer end and two panels the second rectangle forever The inner side of the second inverted "eight" shape that magnet steel (8) is formed is N pole, then by identical other two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (3) formed by other first rectangular channel the be respectively placed on rotor core (5) the most adjacent upper another one T font salient pole In one inverted "eight" shape groove and the inner side of the first inverted "eight" shape that formed of two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (3) is S pole, by complete Exactly the same other two panels the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (8) be respectively placed on rotor core (5) inner side is S pole first fall In the second inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two other second rectangular channel in the middle of "eight" shape outer end and two panels the second rectangle The inner side of the second inverted "eight" shape that permanent-magnet steel (8) is formed is S pole, the like, form N pole, the most spaced combination of S Formula magnetic pole p-m rotor, rotor core (5) is fitted on axle (6).
CN201610311844.7A 2016-05-12 2016-05-12 Salient pole electromagnetic and claw-pole permanent magnet hybrid generator Pending CN105914923A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610311844.7A CN105914923A (en) 2016-05-12 2016-05-12 Salient pole electromagnetic and claw-pole permanent magnet hybrid generator

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610311844.7A CN105914923A (en) 2016-05-12 2016-05-12 Salient pole electromagnetic and claw-pole permanent magnet hybrid generator

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105914923A true CN105914923A (en) 2016-08-31

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105978281A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-09-28 山东理工大学 Embedded permanent magnet and claw pole electromagnetic hybrid generator

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1574546A (en) * 2003-06-13 2005-02-02 松下电器产业株式会社 Motor
CN1949638A (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-18 山东理工大学 Electromagnetic and permanent magnet synchronous voltage stabilizing electric generator
CN101237165A (en) * 2007-01-30 2008-08-06 通用汽车环球科技运作公司 Permanent magnet machine rotor
CN201887623U (en) * 2010-11-29 2011-06-29 湘潭电机股份有限公司 Composite excitation synchronous generator with dual rotor cores
CN102223040A (en) * 2010-04-14 2011-10-19 富士电机株式会社 Permanent magnet type rotating motor
CN102355105A (en) * 2011-10-25 2012-02-15 王荣华 Novel synchronous electric motor and electric motor control system
CN103001434A (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-03-27 上海电驱动有限公司 Magnetized salient pole type mixed excitation synchronous motor

Patent Citations (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1574546A (en) * 2003-06-13 2005-02-02 松下电器产业株式会社 Motor
CN1949638A (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-18 山东理工大学 Electromagnetic and permanent magnet synchronous voltage stabilizing electric generator
CN101237165A (en) * 2007-01-30 2008-08-06 通用汽车环球科技运作公司 Permanent magnet machine rotor
CN102223040A (en) * 2010-04-14 2011-10-19 富士电机株式会社 Permanent magnet type rotating motor
JP2011223836A (en) * 2010-04-14 2011-11-04 Fuji Electric Co Ltd Permanent magnet type revolving armature
CN201887623U (en) * 2010-11-29 2011-06-29 湘潭电机股份有限公司 Composite excitation synchronous generator with dual rotor cores
CN103001434A (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-03-27 上海电驱动有限公司 Magnetized salient pole type mixed excitation synchronous motor
CN102355105A (en) * 2011-10-25 2012-02-15 王荣华 Novel synchronous electric motor and electric motor control system

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105978281A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-09-28 山东理工大学 Embedded permanent magnet and claw pole electromagnetic hybrid generator

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Application publication date: 20160831

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