CN105811707A - Brushless electromagnetic and permanent magnet hybrid series-parallel type power generation apparatus - Google Patents

Brushless electromagnetic and permanent magnet hybrid series-parallel type power generation apparatus Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105811707A
CN105811707A CN201610306597.1A CN201610306597A CN105811707A CN 105811707 A CN105811707 A CN 105811707A CN 201610306597 A CN201610306597 A CN 201610306597A CN 105811707 A CN105811707 A CN 105811707A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotor
salient pole
parallel type
permanent
permanent magnet
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610306597.1A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张学义
杜钦君
杨坤
李波
马超
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong University of Technology
Original Assignee
Shandong University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong University of Technology filed Critical Shandong University of Technology
Priority to CN201610306597.1A priority Critical patent/CN105811707A/en
Publication of CN105811707A publication Critical patent/CN105811707A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K21/00Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets
    • H02K21/12Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets
    • H02K21/14Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets with magnets rotating within the armatures
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K1/00Details of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/06Details of the magnetic circuit characterised by the shape, form or construction
    • H02K1/22Rotating parts of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/27Rotor cores with permanent magnets
    • H02K1/2706Inner rotors
    • H02K1/272Inner rotors the magnetisation axis of the magnets being perpendicular to the rotor axis
    • H02K1/274Inner rotors the magnetisation axis of the magnets being perpendicular to the rotor axis the rotor consisting of two or more circumferentially positioned magnets
    • H02K1/2753Inner rotors the magnetisation axis of the magnets being perpendicular to the rotor axis the rotor consisting of two or more circumferentially positioned magnets the rotor consisting of magnets or groups of magnets arranged with alternating polarity
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K21/00Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets
    • H02K21/02Details
    • H02K21/04Windings on magnets for additional excitation ; Windings and magnets for additional excitation
    • H02K21/042Windings on magnets for additional excitation ; Windings and magnets for additional excitation with permanent magnets and field winding both rotating
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K29/00Motors or generators having non-mechanical commutating devices, e.g. discharge tubes or semiconductor devices

Abstract

The invention provides a brushless electromagnetic and permanent magnet hybrid series-parallel type power generation apparatus, and belongs to the technical field of motors and electric appliances of automobiles. The power generation apparatus comprises a front end cover, a back end cover, a hybrid series-parallel type rotor, a stator and an electronic voltage-stabilizing controller; rectangular permanent magnet steels are mounted in corresponding tangential rectangular grooves of the transverse parts of T-shaped salient poles of the rotor iron core; an electric exciting winding is wound around the T-shaped salient poles; the generated magnetic field directly faces to the air gap, so that the leakage flux is low in amount; the magnetic field in the air gap of the generator is jointly supplied by the permanent magnet steels and the electric exciting winding, so that high magnetic field strength and high power density are realized; the magnetic field obtained by synthesis of the permanent magnetic field and the electromagnetic field can be adjusted by changing the magnitude and the direction of the power-on current of the electric exciting winding; and therefore, the output voltage of the generator is stable, and the safety and the operational reliability of the electric appliance equipment of the automobile can be ensured.

Description

Brushless electromagnetism and permanent magnetism series parallel type TRT
Technical field
The present invention provides a kind of brushless electromagnetism and permanent magnetism series parallel type TRT, belongs to electric motor of automobile technical field of electric appliances.
Background technology
Auto industry is the mark of modern industry, it it is the leading industry of the national economic development, various aspects in the life of industrial and agricultural production, transportation and human being's production all play indispensable effect, the electromotor that current and automobile accessories use, ubiquity the phenomenon that output voltage is unstable, it is impossible to meet user's instructions for use.nullPatent of invention such as Chinese patent publication bulletin in 8 days Augusts calendar year 2001: voltage stabilization permanent magneto generator,Application number: 00112053.0,By casing、Support、Line shaft、Rotor、Permanent magnetic steel、Stator、Stator winding、Stator seat、Stator slip cap、Balancing spring、Anti-rotational attachment screw、Sliding shoe、Regulate rotating shaft、Location bearing、Regulate the composition such as rotating shaft driving mechanism and automatic feedback control circuit,Power rotation axis is fixed on support by positioning bearing,Rotor is fixed on power rotation axis,One end of stator slip cap is fixed on support,Stator slip cap has groove vertically,Balancing spring is arranged in stator slip cap,One end of this spring is stopped by the end face of stator slip cap,Other end pushing and withstanding is placed in the sliding shoe in stator slip cap,Fixed by the anti-rotational attachment screw through slip cap groove between this sliding shoe with stator seat and be connected,This sliding shoe center is that screw thread is flexibly connected with the one end regulating rotating shaft,The detection signal input part of automatic feedback control circuit is connected to stator winding outfan,The control signal outfan of this circuit is connected to the controlled terminal of driving mechanism.This voltage stabilization permanent magneto generator structure is complicated, and cost is high, and its serviceability needs further improvement.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide one and can overcome drawbacks described above, magnetic field in power generator air gap is provided jointly by permanent-magnet steel and electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection, and magnetic field can regulate, output voltage stabilization, brushless electromagnetism easy to install and use and permanent magnetism series parallel type TRT, its technology contents is:
Brushless electromagnetism and permanent magnetism series parallel type TRT are made up of drive end bearing bracket, rear end cap, series parallel type rotor, stator, electronic voltage regulation controller, it is characterized in that: series parallel type rotor is made up of Lundell electricity excitation rotor and the rotor with hybrid excitation of non-carbonate slip ring structure, and rotor with hybrid excitation is made up of salient pole electricity excitation rotor and radial permanent magnet rotor;
Radial permanent magnet rotor is by axle, rectangle permanent-magnet steel, rotor core forms, rotor core is evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole, the outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and on same circumference, the inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference, the tangential rectangular channel of rotor core thickness it is provided with through in the middle of each T font salient pole outer end, the outside of tangential rectangular channel all connects with the external arc of T font salient pole, the inner edge of tangential rectangular channel does not all connect with the inner side of T font salient pole lateral part and the inner edge midpoint of each tangential rectangular channel is all equal with the line at rotor core center, it is N pole by rectangle permanent-magnet steel by the polarity of rectangle permanent-magnet steel lateral surface, mode extremely spaced for S is placed in the tangential rectangular channel on T font salient pole successively, rotor core is fitted on axle.
Operation principle:The pulley rotation of driven by engine series parallel type TRT, namely rotor field rotates, armature winding cutting magnetic line, produces electromotive force, provides power supply to automobile electrical equipment.
The present invention is compared with prior art, rectangle permanent-magnet steel is arranged in the tangential rectangular channel of rotor core T font salient pole lateral part, electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection is wrapped on T font salient pole, the magnetic field produced is few directly facing air gap, leakage field, magnetic field in power generator air gap is provided jointly by permanent-magnet steel and electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection, magnetic field intensity is big, power density is high, by regulating the size and Orientation of electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection electrical current, the magnetic field after permanent magnetic field and electromagnetic field synthesis is made to regulate, generator output voltage is stable, it is ensured that the safety and reliability of auto electric equipment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the rotor with hybrid excitation profile of embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
In figure: 1, electronic voltage regulation controller 2, axle 3, rear end cap 4, stator 5, rectangle permanent-magnet steel 6, rotor core 7, drive end bearing bracket.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
Brushless electromagnetism and permanent magnetism series parallel type TRT are made up of drive end bearing bracket 7, rear end cap 3, series parallel type rotor, stator 4, electronic voltage regulation controller 1, it is characterized in that: series parallel type rotor is made up of Lundell electricity excitation rotor and the rotor with hybrid excitation of non-carbonate slip ring structure, and rotor with hybrid excitation is made up of salient pole electricity excitation rotor and radial permanent magnet rotor;
nullRadial permanent magnet rotor is by axle 2、Rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5、Rotor core 6 forms,Rotor core 6 is evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole,The outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and on same circumference,The inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference,The tangential rectangular channel of rotor core 6 thickness it is provided with through in the middle of each T font salient pole outer end,The outside of tangential rectangular channel all connects with the external arc of T font salient pole,The inner edge of tangential rectangular channel does not all connect with the inner side of T font salient pole lateral part and the inner edge midpoint of each tangential rectangular channel is all equal with the line at rotor core 6 center,It is N pole by rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5 by the polarity of rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5 lateral surface、Mode extremely spaced for S is placed in the tangential rectangular channel on T font salient pole successively,Rotor core 6 is fitted on axle 2.

Claims (1)

1. a brushless electromagnetism and permanent magnetism series parallel type TRT, it is made up of drive end bearing bracket (7), rear end cap (3), series parallel type rotor, stator (4), electronic voltage regulation controller (1), it is characterized in that: series parallel type rotor is made up of Lundell electricity excitation rotor and the rotor with hybrid excitation of non-carbonate slip ring structure, and rotor with hybrid excitation is made up of salient pole electricity excitation rotor and radial permanent magnet rotor;
nullRadial permanent magnet rotor is by axle (2)、Rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5)、Rotor core (6) forms,Rotor core (6) is evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole,The outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and on same circumference,The inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference,The tangential rectangular channel of rotor core (6) thickness it is provided with through in the middle of each T font salient pole outer end,The outside of tangential rectangular channel all connects with the external arc of T font salient pole,The inner edge of tangential rectangular channel does not all connect with the inner side of T font salient pole lateral part and the inner edge midpoint of each tangential rectangular channel is all equal with the line at rotor core (6) center,It is N pole by rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5) by the polarity of rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5) lateral surface、Mode extremely spaced for S is placed in the tangential rectangular channel on T font salient pole successively,Rotor core (6) is fitted on axle (2).
CN201610306597.1A 2016-05-11 2016-05-11 Brushless electromagnetic and permanent magnet hybrid series-parallel type power generation apparatus Pending CN105811707A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610306597.1A CN105811707A (en) 2016-05-11 2016-05-11 Brushless electromagnetic and permanent magnet hybrid series-parallel type power generation apparatus

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610306597.1A CN105811707A (en) 2016-05-11 2016-05-11 Brushless electromagnetic and permanent magnet hybrid series-parallel type power generation apparatus

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105811707A true CN105811707A (en) 2016-07-27

Family

ID=56455632

Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201610306597.1A Pending CN105811707A (en) 2016-05-11 2016-05-11 Brushless electromagnetic and permanent magnet hybrid series-parallel type power generation apparatus

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105811707A (en)

Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101710768A (en) * 2009-12-04 2010-05-19 山东理工大学 Hybrid excitation generator with vacuum pump for low-speed transport vehicle
CN202586545U (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-12-05 张学义 Permanent magnet and electromagnetic series magnetic field hybrid excitation generator
CN103001434A (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-03-27 上海电驱动有限公司 Magnetized salient pole type mixed excitation synchronous motor
CN103051133A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-04-17 南昌大学 Parallel-magnetic-circuit hybrid-excitation permanent magnet motor

Patent Citations (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101710768A (en) * 2009-12-04 2010-05-19 山东理工大学 Hybrid excitation generator with vacuum pump for low-speed transport vehicle
CN103001434A (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-03-27 上海电驱动有限公司 Magnetized salient pole type mixed excitation synchronous motor
CN202586545U (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-12-05 张学义 Permanent magnet and electromagnetic series magnetic field hybrid excitation generator
CN103051133A (en) * 2012-12-26 2013-04-17 南昌大学 Parallel-magnetic-circuit hybrid-excitation permanent magnet motor

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Application publication date: 20160727