CN105743253A - Claw-pole permanent magnet and salient pole electric excitation hybrid generator used for automobile - Google Patents

Claw-pole permanent magnet and salient pole electric excitation hybrid generator used for automobile Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105743253A
CN105743253A CN201610311825.4A CN201610311825A CN105743253A CN 105743253 A CN105743253 A CN 105743253A CN 201610311825 A CN201610311825 A CN 201610311825A CN 105743253 A CN105743253 A CN 105743253A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotor
magnet steel
salient pole
pole
permanent
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Pending
Application number
CN201610311825.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
张学义
刘林
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张学义
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Application filed by 张学义 filed Critical 张学义
Priority to CN201610311825.4A priority Critical patent/CN105743253A/en
Publication of CN105743253A publication Critical patent/CN105743253A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K1/00Details of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/06Details of the magnetic circuit characterised by the shape, form or construction
    • H02K1/22Rotating parts of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/24Rotor cores with salient poles ; Variable reluctance rotors
    • H02K1/243Rotor cores with salient poles ; Variable reluctance rotors of the claw-pole type
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K1/00Details of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/06Details of the magnetic circuit characterised by the shape, form or construction
    • H02K1/22Rotating parts of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/27Rotor cores with permanent magnets

Abstract

The invention provides a claw-pole permanent magnet and salient pole electric excitation hybrid generator used for an automobile, and belongs to the technical field of automobile motor and electric appliances. The claw-pole permanent magnet and salient pole electric excitation hybrid generator is composed of a front end cover, a rear end cover, a hybrid rotor, a stator and an electronic voltage-stabilizing controller. First rectangular permanent magnet steel is installed in first rectangular slots arranged in the transverse part of T-shaped salient poles of a rotor iron core, second rectangular permanent magnet steel is installed in second rectangular slots arranged in the transverse part of the T-shaped salient poles of the rotor iron core, and electric exciting windings are wound on the T-shaped salient poles. A generated magnetic field directly face an air gap, the magnetic leakage is low, the magnetic field in the air gap of the generator is provided by the permanent magnet steel and the electric exciting windings together, the magnetic field intensity is high, the power density is high, the magnitude and the direction of the conduction current of the exciting windings are adjusted so as to enable the magnetic field formed by a permanent magnetic field and an electromagnetic field together to be adjustable, the output voltage of the generator is stable, and the safety and the usage reliability of the automobile electrical appliances are ensured.

Description

Automobile pawl pole permanent magnetism and salient pole electricity excitation series parallel type electromotor
Technical field
The present invention provides a kind of automobile pawl pole permanent magnetism and salient pole electricity excitation series parallel type electromotor, belongs to electric motor of automobile technical field of electric appliances.
Background technology
Auto industry is the mark of modern industry, it it is the leading industry of the national economic development, various aspects in the life of industrial and agricultural production, transportation and human being's production all play indispensable effect, the electromotor that current and automobile accessories use, ubiquity the phenomenon that output voltage is unstable, it is impossible to meet user's instructions for use.nullPatent of invention such as Chinese patent publication bulletin in 8 days Augusts calendar year 2001: voltage stabilization permanent magneto generator,Application number: 00112053.0,By casing、Support、Line shaft、Rotor、Permanent magnetic steel、Stator、Stator winding、Stator seat、Stator slip cap、Balancing spring、Anti-rotational attachment screw、Sliding shoe、Regulate rotating shaft、Location bearing、Regulate the composition such as rotating shaft driving mechanism and automatic feedback control circuit,Power rotation axis is fixed on support by positioning bearing,Rotor is fixed on power rotation axis,One end of stator slip cap is fixed on support,Stator slip cap has groove vertically,Balancing spring is arranged in stator slip cap,One end of this spring is stopped by the end face of stator slip cap,Other end pushing and withstanding is placed in the sliding shoe in stator slip cap,Fixed by the anti-rotational attachment screw through slip cap groove between this sliding shoe with stator seat and be connected,This sliding shoe center is that screw thread is flexibly connected with the one end regulating rotating shaft,The detection signal input part of automatic feedback control circuit is connected to stator winding outfan,The control signal outfan of this circuit is connected to the controlled terminal of driving mechanism.This voltage stabilization permanent magneto generator structure is complicated, and cost is high, and its serviceability needs further improvement.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide one and can overcome drawbacks described above, magnetic field in power generator air gap is provided jointly by permanent-magnet steel and electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection, and magnetic field can regulate, output voltage stabilization, automobile pawl pole permanent magnetism easy to install and use and salient pole electricity excitation series parallel type electromotor, its technology contents is:
Automobile pawl pole permanent magnetism and salient pole electricity excitation series parallel type electromotor are made up of drive end bearing bracket, rear end cap, series parallel type rotor, stator, electronic voltage regulation controller, it is characterized in that: series parallel type rotor is made up of claw-pole permanent magnet rotor and rotor with hybrid excitation, rotor with hybrid excitation is made up of salient pole electricity excitation rotor and dual radial directions magnetic field p-m rotor;
nullDual radial directions magnetic field p-m rotor is by axle、First rectangle permanent-magnet steel、Second rectangle permanent-magnet steel、Rotor core forms,Rotor core is evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole,The outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and on same circumference,The inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference,Bosom in each T font salient pole lateral part is provided with through rotor core thickness and the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels near outer end place,The second rectangular channel of rotor core thickness it is provided with through in the middle of the outer end of the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels,Do not connect between second rectangular channel and the first rectangular channel,The outside of the second rectangular channel all connects with the external arc of T font salient pole,The inner edge midpoint of each second rectangular channel is all equal with the line at rotor core center;
Identical two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is respectively placed in the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels of rotor core and the inner side of inverted "eight" shape that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is formed is N pole, in the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels on another one T font salient pole that to be respectively placed on rotor core by identical other two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel more adjacent and inner side of inverted "eight" shape that formed of two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is S pole, the like, finally the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel is sequentially arranged in the second rectangular channel by the mode that the polarity of the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel lateral surface is identical with the polarity that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel lateral surface on same T font salient pole is formed, rotor core is fitted on axle.
Operation principle: the pulley rotation of driven by engine series parallel type electromotor, namely rotor field rotates, armature winding cutting magnetic line, produces electromotive force, provides power supply to automobile electrical equipment.
The present invention is compared with prior art, first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is arranged in the first rectangular channel of rotor core T font salient pole lateral part, second rectangle permanent-magnet steel is arranged in the second rectangular channel of rotor core T font salient pole lateral part, electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection is wrapped on T font salient pole, the magnetic field produced is directly facing air gap, leakage field is few, magnetic field in power generator air gap is provided jointly by permanent-magnet steel and electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection, magnetic field intensity is big, power density is high, by regulating the size and Orientation of electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection electrical current, the magnetic field after permanent magnetic field and electromagnetic field synthesis is made to regulate, generator output voltage is stable, ensure safety and the dependability of auto electric equipment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the rotor with hybrid excitation profile of embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
In figure: 1, electronic voltage regulation controller 2, rear end cap the 3, first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 4, stator 5, rotor core 6, axle 7, drive end bearing bracket the 8, second rectangle permanent-magnet steel.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
Automobile pawl pole permanent magnetism and salient pole electricity excitation series parallel type electromotor are made up of drive end bearing bracket 7, rear end cap 2, series parallel type rotor, stator 4, electronic voltage regulation controller 1, it is characterized in that: series parallel type rotor is made up of claw-pole permanent magnet rotor and rotor with hybrid excitation, rotor with hybrid excitation is made up of salient pole electricity excitation rotor and dual radial directions magnetic field p-m rotor;
nullDual radial directions magnetic field p-m rotor is by axle 6、First rectangle permanent-magnet steel 3、Second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 8、Rotor core 5 forms,Rotor core 5 is evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole,The outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and on same circumference,The inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference,Bosom in each T font salient pole lateral part is provided with through rotor core 5 thickness and the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels near outer end place,The second rectangular channel of rotor core 5 thickness it is provided with through in the middle of the outer end of the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels,Do not connect between second rectangular channel and the first rectangular channel,The outside of the second rectangular channel all connects with the external arc of T font salient pole,The inner edge midpoint of each second rectangular channel is all equal with the line at rotor core 5 center;
Identical two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 3 is respectively placed in the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels of rotor core 5 and the inner side of inverted "eight" shape that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 3 is formed is N pole, again identical other two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 3 is respectively placed in the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels on another one T font salient pole adjacent on rotor core 5 and the inner side of inverted "eight" shape that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 3 is formed is S pole, the like, finally the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 8 is sequentially arranged in the second rectangular channel by the mode that the polarity of the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 8 lateral surface is identical with the polarity that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 3 lateral surface on same T font salient pole is formed, rotor core 5 is fitted on axle 6.

Claims (1)

1. an automobile pawl pole permanent magnetism and salient pole electricity excitation series parallel type electromotor, it is made up of drive end bearing bracket (7), rear end cap (2), series parallel type rotor, stator (4), electronic voltage regulation controller (1), it is characterized in that: series parallel type rotor is made up of claw-pole permanent magnet rotor and rotor with hybrid excitation, rotor with hybrid excitation is made up of salient pole electricity excitation rotor and dual radial directions magnetic field p-m rotor;
nullDual radial directions magnetic field p-m rotor is by axle (6)、First rectangle permanent-magnet steel (3)、Second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (8)、Rotor core (5) forms,Rotor core (5) is evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole,The outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and on same circumference,The inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference,Bosom in each T font salient pole lateral part is provided with through rotor core (5) thickness and the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels near outer end place,The second rectangular channel of rotor core (5) thickness it is provided with through in the middle of the outer end of the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels,Do not connect between second rectangular channel and the first rectangular channel,The outside of the second rectangular channel all connects with the external arc of T font salient pole,The inner edge midpoint of each second rectangular channel is all equal with the line at rotor core (5) center;
nullIdentical two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (3) is respectively placed in the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels of rotor core (5) and the inner side of inverted "eight" shape that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (3) is formed is N pole,The inner side that identical other two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (3) is respectively placed at rotor core (5) is gone up in the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels on adjacent another one T font salient pole and two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (3) is formed inverted "eight" shape again is S pole,The like,Finally the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (8) is sequentially arranged in the second rectangular channel by the mode that the polarity of the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (8) lateral surface is identical with the polarity that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (3) lateral surface on same T font salient pole is formed,Rotor core (5) is fitted on axle (6).
CN201610311825.4A 2016-05-12 2016-05-12 Claw-pole permanent magnet and salient pole electric excitation hybrid generator used for automobile Pending CN105743253A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610311825.4A CN105743253A (en) 2016-05-12 2016-05-12 Claw-pole permanent magnet and salient pole electric excitation hybrid generator used for automobile

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610311825.4A CN105743253A (en) 2016-05-12 2016-05-12 Claw-pole permanent magnet and salient pole electric excitation hybrid generator used for automobile

Publications (1)

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CN105743253A true CN105743253A (en) 2016-07-06

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105978282A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-09-28 山东理工大学 Electromagnetic and combined type permanent magnet series-parallel power generation device

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1949638A (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-18 山东理工大学 Electromagnetic and permanent magnet synchronous voltage stabilizing electric generator
CN102355105A (en) * 2011-10-25 2012-02-15 王荣华 Novel synchronous electric motor and electric motor control system
CN202384969U (en) * 2011-10-31 2012-08-15 上海电机学院 Hybrid excitation synchronous motor having high power density
CN102638147A (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-08-15 张学义 Hybrid excitation generator with permanent and electromagnetic series magnetic fields
CN103001434A (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-03-27 上海电驱动有限公司 Magnetized salient pole type mixed excitation synchronous motor
CN204030760U (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-12-17 华域汽车电动系统有限公司 The rotor structure of permagnetic synchronous motor
CN105186744A (en) * 2015-09-14 2015-12-23 常州市普世汽车电动系统有限公司 Magnetic steel embedded hybrid excitation motor

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN1949638A (en) * 2005-10-14 2007-04-18 山东理工大学 Electromagnetic and permanent magnet synchronous voltage stabilizing electric generator
CN103001434A (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-03-27 上海电驱动有限公司 Magnetized salient pole type mixed excitation synchronous motor
CN102355105A (en) * 2011-10-25 2012-02-15 王荣华 Novel synchronous electric motor and electric motor control system
CN202384969U (en) * 2011-10-31 2012-08-15 上海电机学院 Hybrid excitation synchronous motor having high power density
CN102638147A (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-08-15 张学义 Hybrid excitation generator with permanent and electromagnetic series magnetic fields
CN204030760U (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-12-17 华域汽车电动系统有限公司 The rotor structure of permagnetic synchronous motor
CN105186744A (en) * 2015-09-14 2015-12-23 常州市普世汽车电动系统有限公司 Magnetic steel embedded hybrid excitation motor

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105978282A (en) * 2016-05-13 2016-09-28 山东理工大学 Electromagnetic and combined type permanent magnet series-parallel power generation device

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SE01 Entry into force of request for substantive examination
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Inventor after: Zhang Xueyi

Inventor after: Ma Qingzhi

Inventor after: Shi Liwei

Inventor after: Wang Shanjian

Inventor after: Xu Xiaoming

Inventor after: Li Ruichuan

Inventor before: Zhang Xueyi

Inventor before: Liu Lin

WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication
WD01 Invention patent application deemed withdrawn after publication

Application publication date: 20160706