CN105811716A - Brushless electromagnetic and biradial permanent-magnet series-parallel power generator for vehicle - Google Patents

Brushless electromagnetic and biradial permanent-magnet series-parallel power generator for vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105811716A
CN105811716A CN201610314093.4A CN201610314093A CN105811716A CN 105811716 A CN105811716 A CN 105811716A CN 201610314093 A CN201610314093 A CN 201610314093A CN 105811716 A CN105811716 A CN 105811716A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
rotor
magnet steel
permanent
salient pole
rotor core
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610314093.4A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘从臻
张学义
刘国强
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Shandong University of Technology
Original Assignee
Shandong University of Technology
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shandong University of Technology filed Critical Shandong University of Technology
Priority to CN201610314093.4A priority Critical patent/CN105811716A/en
Publication of CN105811716A publication Critical patent/CN105811716A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K1/00Details of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/06Details of the magnetic circuit characterised by the shape, form or construction
    • H02K1/22Rotating parts of the magnetic circuit
    • H02K1/27Rotor cores with permanent magnets
    • H02K1/2706Inner rotor
    • H02K1/272Inner rotor where the magnetisation axis of the magnets is radial or tangential
    • H02K1/274Inner rotor where the magnetisation axis of the magnets is radial or tangential consisting of a plurality of circumferentially positioned magnets
    • H02K1/2753Inner rotor where the magnetisation axis of the magnets is radial or tangential consisting of a plurality of circumferentially positioned magnets consisting of magnets or groups of magnets arranged with alternating polarity
    • H02K1/276Magnets embedded in the magnetic core
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K21/00Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets
    • H02K21/02Details
    • H02K21/04Windings on magnets for additional excitation ; Windings and magnets for additional excitation
    • H02K21/042Windings on magnets for additional excitation ; Windings and magnets for additional excitation with permanent magnets and field winding both rotating
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K21/00Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets
    • H02K21/12Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets
    • H02K21/14Synchronous motors having permanent magnets; Synchronous generators having permanent magnets with stationary armatures and rotating magnets with magnets rotating within the armatures
    • HELECTRICITY
    • H02GENERATION; CONVERSION OR DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRIC POWER
    • H02KDYNAMO-ELECTRIC MACHINES
    • H02K29/00Motors or generators having non-mechanical commutating devices, e.g. discharge tubes or semiconductor devices

Abstract

The invention provides a brushless electromagnetic and biradial permanent-magnet series-parallel power generator for a vehicle, and belongs to the technical field of an electrical device of an electric vehicle. The brushless electromagnetic and biradial permanent-magnet series-parallel power generator comprises a front end cover, a rear end cover, a series-parallel rotor and a stator, wherein first rectangular permanent-magnet steel is arranged in first rectangular grooves of a transverse part of a T-shaped salient pole of a rotor iron core, second rectangular permanent-magnet steel is arranged in second rectangular grooves of the transverse part of the T-shaped salient pole of the rotor iron core, an electric excitation winding is wound around the T-shaped salient pole, a generated magnetic field directly faces an air gap, the magnetic leakage is less, and the magnetic field in the air gap of the power generator is jointly provided by the permanent-magnet steel and the electric excitation winding and is high in magnetic intensity and high in power density; and the magnetic field after a permanent-magnet field and an electromagnetic field are synthesized can be adjusted by adjusting the size and the direction of the energization current of the electric excitation winding, the power generator is stable in output voltage, and the safety and the reliability of the electrical device of the vehicle are ensured.

Description

Automobile brushless electromagnetism and biradial permanent magnetism series parallel type electromotor
Technical field
The present invention provides a kind of brushless electromagnetism of automobile and biradial permanent magnetism series parallel type electromotor, belongs to electric motor of automobile technical field of electric appliances.
Background technology
Auto industry is the mark of modern industry, it it is the leading industry of the national economic development, various aspects in the life of industrial and agricultural production, transportation and human being's production all play indispensable effect, the electromotor that current and automobile accessories use, ubiquity the phenomenon that output voltage is unstable, it is impossible to meet user's instructions for use.nullPatent of invention such as Chinese patent publication bulletin in 8 days Augusts calendar year 2001: voltage stabilization permanent magneto generator,Application number: 00112053.0,By casing、Support、Line shaft、Rotor、Permanent magnetic steel、Stator、Stator winding、Stator seat、Stator slip cap、Balancing spring、Anti-rotational attachment screw、Sliding shoe、Regulate rotating shaft、Location bearing、Regulate the composition such as rotating shaft driving mechanism and automatic feedback control circuit,Power rotation axis is fixed on support by positioning bearing,Rotor is fixed on power rotation axis,One end of stator slip cap is fixed on support,Stator slip cap has groove vertically,Balancing spring is arranged in stator slip cap,One end of this spring is stopped by the end face of stator slip cap,Other end pushing and withstanding is placed in the sliding shoe in stator slip cap,Fixed by the anti-rotational attachment screw through slip cap groove between this sliding shoe with stator seat and be connected,This sliding shoe center is that screw thread is flexibly connected with the one end regulating rotating shaft,The detection signal input part of automatic feedback control circuit is connected to stator winding outfan,The control signal outfan of this circuit is connected to the controlled terminal of driving mechanism.This voltage stabilization permanent magneto generator structure is complicated, and cost is high, and its serviceability needs further improvement.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide one and can overcome drawbacks described above, magnetic field in power generator air gap is provided jointly by permanent-magnet steel and electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection, and magnetic field can regulate, output voltage stabilization, automobile easy to install and use brushless electromagnetism and biradial permanent magnetism series parallel type electromotor, its technology contents is:
Automobile brushless electromagnetism and biradial permanent magnetism series parallel type electromotor are made up of drive end bearing bracket, rear end cap, series parallel type rotor, stator, it is characterized in that: series parallel type rotor is made up of electric excitation rotor and the rotor with hybrid excitation of non-carbonate slip ring structure, rotor with hybrid excitation is made up of salient pole electricity excitation rotor and built-in biradial p-m rotor;
nullBuilt-in biradial p-m rotor is by axle、First rectangle permanent-magnet steel、Second rectangle permanent-magnet steel、Rotor core forms,Rotor core is evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole,The outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and on same circumference,The inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference,Bosom in each T font salient pole lateral part is provided with through rotor core thickness and the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels near outer end place,The second rectangular channel of rotor core thickness it is provided with through in the middle of the outer end of the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels,Do not connect between second rectangular channel and the first rectangular channel,The outside of the second rectangular channel all connects with the external arc of T font salient pole,The inner edge midpoint of each second rectangular channel is all equal with the line at rotor core center;
Identical two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is respectively placed in the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels of rotor core and the inner side of inverted "eight" shape that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is formed is N pole, in the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels on another one T font salient pole that to be respectively placed on rotor core by identical other two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel more adjacent and inner side of inverted "eight" shape that formed of two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is S pole, the like, finally the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel is sequentially arranged in the second rectangular channel by the mode that the polarity of the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel lateral surface is identical with the polarity that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel lateral surface on same T font salient pole is formed, rotor core is fitted on axle.
Operation principle: the pulley rotation of driven by engine series parallel type electromotor, namely rotor field rotates, armature winding cutting magnetic line, produces electromotive force, provides power supply to automobile electrical equipment.
The present invention is compared with prior art, first rectangle permanent-magnet steel is arranged in the first rectangular channel of rotor core T font salient pole lateral part, second rectangle permanent-magnet steel is arranged in the second rectangular channel of rotor core T font salient pole lateral part, electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection is wrapped on T font salient pole, the magnetic field produced is directly facing air gap, leakage field is few, magnetic field in power generator air gap is provided jointly by permanent-magnet steel and electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection, magnetic field intensity is big, power density is high, by regulating the size and Orientation of electricity Exciting Windings for Transverse Differential Protection electrical current, the magnetic field after permanent magnetic field and electromagnetic field synthesis is made to regulate, generator output voltage is stable, ensure the safety and reliability of auto electric equipment.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the present invention.
Fig. 2 is the rotor with hybrid excitation profile of embodiment illustrated in fig. 1.
In figure: 1, axle 2, rear end cap 3, stator 4, rotor core the 5, first rectangle permanent-magnet steel the 6, second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 7, drive end bearing bracket.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the invention will be further described:
Automobile brushless electromagnetism and biradial permanent magnetism series parallel type electromotor are made up of drive end bearing bracket 7, rear end cap 2, series parallel type rotor, stator 3, it is characterized in that: series parallel type rotor is made up of electric excitation rotor and the rotor with hybrid excitation of non-carbonate slip ring structure, rotor with hybrid excitation is made up of salient pole electricity excitation rotor and built-in biradial p-m rotor;
nullBuilt-in biradial p-m rotor is by axle 1、First rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5、Second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 6、Rotor core 4 forms,Rotor core 4 is evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole,The outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and on same circumference,The inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference,Bosom in each T font salient pole lateral part is provided with through rotor core 4 thickness and the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels near outer end place,The second rectangular channel of rotor core 7 thickness it is provided with through in the middle of the outer end of the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels,Do not connect between second rectangular channel and the first rectangular channel,The outside of the second rectangular channel all connects with the external arc of T font salient pole,The inner edge midpoint of each second rectangular channel is all equal with the line at rotor core 4 center;
Identical two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5 is respectively placed in the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels of rotor core 4 and the inner side of inverted "eight" shape that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5 is formed is N pole, again identical other two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5 is respectively placed in the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels on another one T font salient pole adjacent on rotor core 4 and the inner side of inverted "eight" shape that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5 is formed is S pole, the like, finally the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 6 is sequentially arranged in the second rectangular channel by the mode that the polarity of the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel 6 lateral surface is identical with the polarity that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel 5 lateral surface on same T font salient pole is formed, rotor core 4 is fitted on axle 1.

Claims (1)

1. an automobile brushless electromagnetism and biradial permanent magnetism series parallel type electromotor, it is made up of drive end bearing bracket (7), rear end cap (2), series parallel type rotor, stator (3), it is characterized in that: series parallel type rotor is made up of electric excitation rotor and the rotor with hybrid excitation of non-carbonate slip ring structure, and rotor with hybrid excitation is made up of salient pole electricity excitation rotor and biradial p-m rotor;
nullBiradial p-m rotor is by axle (1)、First rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5)、Second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (6)、Rotor core (4) forms,Rotor core (4) is evenly equipped with even number T font salient pole,The outside of all T font salient pole lateral parts is circular arc and on same circumference,The inner side of all T font salient pole lateral parts is straight line and tangent with same circumference,Bosom in each T font salient pole lateral part is provided with through rotor core (4) thickness and the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels near outer end place,The second rectangular channel of rotor core (7) thickness it is provided with through in the middle of the outer end of the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels,Do not connect between second rectangular channel and the first rectangular channel,The outside of the second rectangular channel all connects with the external arc of T font salient pole,The inner edge midpoint of each second rectangular channel is all equal with the line at rotor core (4) center;
nullIdentical two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5) is respectively placed in the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels of rotor core (4) and the inner side of inverted "eight" shape that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5) is formed is N pole,The inner side that identical other two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5) is respectively placed at rotor core (4) is gone up in the inverted "eight" shape groove formed by two the first rectangular channels on adjacent another one T font salient pole and two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5) is formed inverted "eight" shape again is S pole,The like,Finally the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (6) is sequentially arranged in the second rectangular channel by the mode that the polarity of the second rectangle permanent-magnet steel (6) lateral surface is identical with the polarity that two panels the first rectangle permanent-magnet steel (5) lateral surface on same T font salient pole is formed,Rotor core (4) is fitted on axle (1).
CN201610314093.4A 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 Brushless electromagnetic and biradial permanent-magnet series-parallel power generator for vehicle Pending CN105811716A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610314093.4A CN105811716A (en) 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 Brushless electromagnetic and biradial permanent-magnet series-parallel power generator for vehicle

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201610314093.4A CN105811716A (en) 2016-05-13 2016-05-13 Brushless electromagnetic and biradial permanent-magnet series-parallel power generator for vehicle

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105811716A true CN105811716A (en) 2016-07-27

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Family Applications (1)

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Country Status (1)

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CN (1) CN105811716A (en)

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102638147A (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-08-15 张学义 Hybrid excitation generator with permanent and electromagnetic series magnetic fields
CN102664502A (en) * 2012-04-21 2012-09-12 山东理工大学 Mixed permanent magnet and electromagnetism compound excitation generator
CN103001434A (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-03-27 上海电驱动有限公司 Magnetized salient pole type mixed excitation synchronous motor
CN204030760U (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-12-17 华域汽车电动系统有限公司 The rotor structure of permagnetic synchronous motor
CN104600939A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-06 广东美芝制冷设备有限公司 Permanent-magnet synchronous motor and compressor with same

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN103001434A (en) * 2011-09-15 2013-03-27 上海电驱动有限公司 Magnetized salient pole type mixed excitation synchronous motor
CN102664502A (en) * 2012-04-21 2012-09-12 山东理工大学 Mixed permanent magnet and electromagnetism compound excitation generator
CN102638147A (en) * 2012-04-26 2012-08-15 张学义 Hybrid excitation generator with permanent and electromagnetic series magnetic fields
CN204030760U (en) * 2014-07-01 2014-12-17 华域汽车电动系统有限公司 The rotor structure of permagnetic synchronous motor
CN104600939A (en) * 2015-02-04 2015-05-06 广东美芝制冷设备有限公司 Permanent-magnet synchronous motor and compressor with same

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Application publication date: 20160727