CN105805757B - Rubbish energy-saving, environment-friendly and high-efficiency pyrolysis installation - Google Patents

Rubbish energy-saving, environment-friendly and high-efficiency pyrolysis installation Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105805757B
CN105805757B CN201410844724.4A CN201410844724A CN105805757B CN 105805757 B CN105805757 B CN 105805757B CN 201410844724 A CN201410844724 A CN 201410844724A CN 105805757 B CN105805757 B CN 105805757B
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China
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air
hot
pyrolysis
pyrolysis chamber
warm
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CN201410844724.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105805757A (en
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袁潮勇
汪乐丰
曾传涵
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湖南金卫环保设备科技有限公司
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02EREDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
    • Y02E20/00Combustion technologies with mitigation potential
    • Y02E20/34Indirect CO2mitigation, i.e. by acting on non CO2directly related matters of the process, e.g. pre-heating or heat recovery

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of rubbish energy-saving, environment-friendly and high-efficiency pyrolysis installations.In order to overcome conventional garbage pyrolysis to be easy to generate dioxin contamination, heat production is pyrolyzed using not enough, poor processing effect, the deficiencies of operating cost is high, the present invention is just pyrolyzed chamber and is connected to by exhaust gases passes with time pyrolysis chamber, this time pyrolysis chamber is connect by flame gas output mechanism with flame gas heat exchange mechanism, which is connected to first pyrolysis chamber, secondary pyrolysis chamber respectively by hot-air conveying mechanism.Present invention is mainly used for the processing of house refuse, medical waste, it can make full use of the flame gas thermal energy of waste incineration, it is converted into the rich oxygen containing hot-air with different temperatures, it is supplied respectively to the pyrolysis chamber of different pyrolysis sections, to realize the burning that dioxin can be prevented to generate pyrolysis, its obvious energy conservation, implement, operating cost it is low, it is effect, profitable.

Description

Rubbish energy-saving, environment-friendly and high-efficiency pyrolysis installation

Technical field

The present invention relates to a kind of waste incineration pyrolysis installation, specially a kind of rubbish energy-saving, environment-friendly and high-efficiency pyrolysis installation.

Background technique

Waste incineration pyrolysis be a kind of high temperature thermochemical treatment technology, the combustible component in rubbish in incinerator with sky Oxygen in gas is reacted, and high-temperature gas and solid residue are converted into.Waste incineration pyrolytic process generates a large amount of thermal energy, volume 80%-90% can be reduced, the composed structure of harmful solid waste can be destroyed, kill pathogen, achieve the purpose that toxin expelling is removed the evil, have There is the characteristics of decrement, harmless, recycling, be one of the garbage disposal means that current developed country is widely used, is ploughed in Japan etc. The in great shortage country in ground, waste incineration pyrolysis processing ratio reach 65-80%.But conventional garbage burns pyrolysis treatment device, and there are following Shortcoming:

First is that the burning process that conventional garbage burns pyrolysis installation will generate a large amount of dioxin.Dioxin processing difficulty Greatly, processing cost is high.It deepens continuously although studying dioxin-like chemical and recognizing in recent years, technically passes through incinerator " 3T " control and stringent incineration flue gas technique, can make the emission control of dioxin-like chemical stringent standard it Under, but one-time investment and operating cost are considerably increased, there is also secondary pollutions for the dioxin-like chemical of gas cleaning removing.

Need supplementary energy more second is that conventional garbage burns pyrolysis installation, and the utilization for the heat that waste incineration itself generates Efficiency is not high enough, causes waste incineration energy consumption big, at high cost.Also, conventional garbage incinerator has refuse thermal value and moisture Higher requirement.CJ/T 118-2000 regulation " enters the average annual moisture content of furnace house refuse and is not preferably greater than 50%, average annual ash content contains Amount is not preferably greater than 30%, and average annual low heat valve is not preferably less than 4.18MJ/kg ".To guarantee to stablize burning, " domestic rubbish disposal work Journey technical regulation " regulation, " waste incinerator should configure start-up burner and auxiliary burner " needs to expend a large amount of auxiliary Fuel.

Third is that structure is complicated for existing incinerator, manufacturing cost is big, and purchase is big using one-time investment, and project construction occupies The fund period is long.Mark 142-2009 regulation is built, " newly-built grate furnace incineration plant main equipment and system are with into the throwing based on blowing mouth Money estimation can be by not higher than 500,000 yuan/(t/d) control;The investment estimate that grate furnace incineration plant main equipment all domesticizes can By not higher than 400,000 yuan/(t/d) control;The indices for investment estimate of newly-built fluid bed furnace incineration plant can be by not higher than 350,000 Member/(t/d) control ".In this regard, being difficult to build up without advanced economy basis and the powerful investment capacity.

Conventional garbage burn pyrolysis installation deficiency, significantly limit waste incineration pyrolysis China popularization and application, Especially in the application of small and medium-sized cities.

Although domestic some entity and individual have been devoted to the research of waste incineration pyrolysis installation, try hard to overcome existing Deficiency.Such as document CN201410085904.9, it discloses on the basis of conventional garbage electricity generation system, has added pretreatment System, flue gas treating system and percolation liquid treating system, to reduce the generation of dioxin presoma;Document CN201320090207.3 is disclosed using oxygen-enriched combusting equipment and secondary air system, to guarantee to burn furnace exhaust to greatest extent Ignition temperature makes the flow-disturbing for being conducive to secondary combustion chamber, extends in the secondary combustion chamber residence time, to decompose dioxin.But this A little technology one-time investments are big, and operating cost is high, and effect is undesirable, not very practical.

Summary of the invention

The purpose of the present invention is to above-mentioned deficiencies, provide a kind of rubbish energy-saving, environment-friendly and high-efficiency pyrolysis installation, it can The flame gas thermal energy for making full use of waste incineration is converted into the rich oxygen containing hot-air with different temperatures, is supplied respectively to different heat The pyrolysis chamber of section is solved, to realize the burning pyrolysis that dioxin can be prevented to generate, its obvious energy conservation, implementation, operating cost are low, It is effect, profitable.

In order to achieve the above objectives, the technical scheme is that, the rubbish energy-saving, environment-friendly and high-efficiency pyrolysis installation, including with rubbish The first pyrolysis chamber of rubbish input mechanism connection, the first pyrolysis chamber are connected to by exhaust gases passes with time pyrolysis chamber, this time pyrolysis chamber passes through Flame gas output mechanism is connect with flame gas heat exchange mechanism, the flame gas heat exchange mechanism by hot-air conveying mechanism respectively with initial heat Solve chamber, the connection of secondary pyrolysis chamber.

Several horizontal warm-air pipes are equipped at intervals in the just pyrolysis chamber, are equipped at intervals with below the horizontal warm-air pipe Several to be vertically arranged warm-air pipe, the flame gas heat exchange mechanism passes through hot-air conveying mechanism and horizontal warm-air pipe respectively, is vertically arranged Warm-air pipe connection.

The horizontal warm-air pipe is rotatably connected with power mechanism formation, is equipped with convex spine in the horizontal warm-air pipe.

It is equipped with hot-air jet pipe in described pyrolysis chamber, the flame gas heat exchange mechanism passes through hot-air conveying mechanism and should The connection of hot-air jet pipe.

The flame gas heat exchange mechanism is connect with air-introduced machine, air blower respectively.

With conventional garbage processing unit, Technical comparing, the present invention is just pyrolyzed chamber and is connected to by exhaust gases passes with time pyrolysis chamber, This time pyrolysis chamber is connect by flame gas output mechanism with flame gas heat exchange mechanism, which is conveyed by hot-air Mechanism is connected to first pyrolysis chamber, secondary pyrolysis chamber respectively, is equipped at intervals with several horizontal warm-air pipes in the just pyrolysis chamber, flat at this Set be equipped at intervals with below warm-air pipe it is several be vertically arranged warm-air pipe, be equipped with hot-air jet pipe, the flame in the described time pyrolysis chamber Gas heat exchange mechanism pass through respectively hot-air conveying mechanism and horizontal warm-air pipe, be vertically arranged warm-air pipe, hot-air jet pipe is connect. Hot-air conveying mechanism includes Blast mechanism, heat-exchange tube, delivery pipe etc., and it is empty to export 300 DEG C or less heat from horizontal warm-air pipe Gas (generally 250 --- 280 DEG C), preheats rubbish, is dried, is tentatively pyrolyzed, under be vertically arranged warm-air pipe output 300 --- 500 DEG C of hot-airs are further pyrolyzed rubbish, and the hot-air jet pipe exports 600 DEG C or more hot-airs, right The progress fully and completely oxidative pyrolysis such as the flue gas from first pyrolysis chamber.Experiments have shown that being easy to generate having for dioxin in rubbish Machine object can be pyrolyzed as the combustible organic of non-dioxin at 300 DEG C or less, and this combustible organic is under by being just pyrolyzed chamber After portion is further pyrolyzed, enter time pyrolysis chamber by exhaust gases passes, the hot-air with 600 DEG C or more is mixed and burned, so that it may so that This complete pyrolitic oxidation of combustible organic is without generating dioxin.Dioxin-like chemical is thus prevented from source It generates, rather than as existing rely on makes dioxin-like chemical qualified discharge to incineration flue gas.

Moreover, 600 DEG C or more hot-airs of hot-air jet pipe output, are pyrolyzed the flammable containing non-dioxin of chamber with into secondary The flue gas of organic matter mixes, and it is logical to carry out thoroughly complete oxidation burning disposal, obtained pure hot flame gas in secondary pyrolysis chamber It crosses flame gas output mechanism to connect with flame gas heat exchange mechanism, the obtained hot-air of air is heated by flame gas heat exchange mechanism, Respectively by hot-air conveying mechanism and horizontal warm-air pipe, be vertically arranged warm-air pipe, hot-air jet pipe is connect.In this way, rubbish is burnt The heat production of burning is fully utilized, and saves the cost for burning pyrolysis, defeated particularly by flame gas heat exchange mechanism hot-air Pyrolysis of the hot-air for different requirements for sending mechanism to output different temperatures, the rubbish that realizing can prevent dioxin from generating are burnt Heat solution.

The horizontal warm-air pipe is rotatably connected with power mechanism formation, is equipped with convex spine in the horizontal warm-air pipe. The convex spine or lug can be interval shift to install protrude from horizontal warm-air pipe surface have blade tip or sword rib Convex spine, lug etc..It is this to be spaced the convex spine shifted to install or lug, overturning, the effect and effect for cutting rubbish can be improved Rate enhances the effect and efficiency stirring, squeeze, preheating, drying etc. and being tentatively pyrolyzed, further makes tentatively to be pyrolyzed uniform, quick, height Effect realizes that high-volume high-efficiency high-quality handles rubbish.

The present invention power mechanism can also be connect with control device, realize that rubbish is inputted, stirs, squeezes, preheats, dried Deng speed, intensity auto-control, be better achieved high-volume high-efficiency high-quality processing rubbish.

Flame gas heat exchange mechanism of the present invention is connect with air blower, air-introduced machine respectively.The air-introduced machine will just be pyrolyzed chamber The sucking time pyrolysis chamber such as flue gas, the hot flame aspiration of secondary pyrolysis chamber is then entered into flame gas heat exchange mechanism, heats air (with sky Gas carries out heat exchange) obtained hot-air, it is transported to by air blower, hot-air conveying mechanism and is just pyrolyzed chamber, secondary pyrolysis chamber.

Present invention is mainly used for the processing of house refuse, medical waste, it can make full use of the flame gas heat of waste incineration Can, it is converted into the rich oxygen containing hot-air with different temperatures, is supplied respectively to the pyrolysis chamber of different pyrolysis sections, so that realizing can The burning pyrolysis for preventing dioxin from generating, its obvious energy conservation, implement, operating cost it is low, it is effect, profitable.

Detailed description of the invention

The attached drawing is schematic cross-sectional view of the present invention.

In figure, 1. rubbish input mechanisms, 2. are just pyrolyzed chamber, and 3. horizontal warm-air pipes, 4. convex spine, 5. are vertically arranged hot sky Tracheae, 6. hot-air jet pipes, 7. pyrolysis chambers, 8. hot-air conveying mechanisms, 9. air blowers, 10. air-introduced machines, 11. flames Gas heat exchange mechanism, 12. flame gas output mechanisms.

Specific embodiment

As shown in this figure, rubbish energy-saving, environment-friendly and high-efficiency pyrolysis installation of the present invention, including what is be connected to rubbish input mechanism 1 Just pyrolysis chamber 2, just be pyrolyzed chamber 2 by exhaust gases passes with time pyrolysis chamber 7 be connected to, secondary pyrolysis chamber 7 pass through flame gas output mechanism 12 and Flame gas heat exchange mechanism 11 connects, and flame gas heat exchange mechanism 11 is pyrolyzed chamber 2, secondary heat with first respectively by hot-air conveying mechanism 8 Chamber 7 is solved to be connected to.

4 horizontal warm-air pipes 3 are equipped at intervals in just pyrolysis chamber 2, are equipped at intervals with 4 in the lower section of horizontal warm-air pipe 3 Be vertically arranged warm-air pipe 5, flame gas heat exchange mechanism 11 respectively by hot-air conveying mechanism 8 and every horizontal warm-air pipe 3, be vertically arranged Warm-air pipe 5 is connected to, horizontal warm-air pipe output 250 --- 280 DEG C of hot-airs, and the lower warm-air pipe that is vertically arranged exports 300 --- 500 DEG C of hot-airs.

Horizontal warm-air pipe 3 is rotatably connected with power mechanism formation, is equipped with convex spine in the dislocation of the interval of horizontal warm-air pipe 3 4.The power mechanism can be connect with control device, the commercially available temperature-control circuit with temperature sensor of control device, The Multifunctional warm humidity controller of humidity control circuit, the time control circuit of humidity sensor etc., according to mark wiring, setting Required temperature value, humidity value in pyrolysis cavity 1, are realized by variable-frequency motor and are controlled the revolving speed of defeated heat pipe 3.

It is equipped with hot-air jet pipe 6 in secondary pyrolysis chamber 7, flame gas heat exchange mechanism 11 is empty by hot-air conveying mechanism 8 and heat Gas blowout pipe 6 connects, and hot-air jet pipe exports 600 DEG C or more hot-airs.

Flame gas heat exchange mechanism 11 is connect with air blower 9, air-introduced machine 10 respectively.

The ashes that waste incineration pyrolysis generates can be utilized routinely;Gained hot flame gas is utilized rear resulting net by heat exchange Gas can be with conventional treatment qualified discharge.

Claims (1)

1. a kind of rubbish energy-saving, environment-friendly and high-efficiency pyrolysis installation, including the first pyrolysis chamber (2) being connected to rubbish input mechanism (1), It is characterized in, just pyrolysis chamber (2) is connected to by exhaust gases passes with time pyrolysis chamber (7), this time pyrolysis chamber (7) is exported by flame gas Mechanism (12) is connect with flame gas heat exchange mechanism (11), which passes through hot-air conveying mechanism (8) point It is not connected to first pyrolysis chamber (2), secondary pyrolysis chamber (7), is equipped at intervals with several horizontal warm-air pipes (3) in just pyrolysis chamber (2), Be equipped at intervals with below the horizontal warm-air pipe (3) it is several be vertically arranged warm-air pipe (5), the flame gas heat exchange mechanism (11) point Not Tong Guo hot-air conveying mechanism (8) and horizontal warm-air pipe (3), be vertically arranged warm-air pipe (5) and connect, the horizontal warm-air pipe (3) 250~280 DEG C of hot-airs are exported, described be vertically arranged warm-air pipe (5) export 300~500 DEG C of hot-airs, and the horizontal heat is empty Tracheae (3) is rotatably connected with power mechanism formation, and the power mechanism is connect with control device, in the horizontal hot-air It manages the dislocation of (3) interval and is equipped with convex spine (4), be equipped with hot-air jet pipe (6) in described pyrolysis chamber (7), the flame gas heat exchanger Structure (11) is connect by hot-air conveying mechanism (8) with the hot-air jet pipe (6), and the hot-air jet pipe exports 600 DEG C or more Hot-air, the flame gas heat exchange mechanism (11) connect with air blower (9), air-introduced machine (10) respectively.
CN201410844724.4A 2014-12-30 2014-12-30 Rubbish energy-saving, environment-friendly and high-efficiency pyrolysis installation CN105805757B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105805757B true CN105805757B (en) 2019-05-28

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Families Citing this family (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106338068A (en) * 2016-09-23 2017-01-18 天津大学 Household garbage pyrolysis and gasification processing system
CN106907714A (en) * 2017-03-15 2017-06-30 甘培嘉 Environment-friendly garbage high-efficiency thermal decomposition device

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KR20010032414A (en) * 1998-09-25 2001-04-16 모리구치 게이 Ascending kiln type drying apparatus and furnace equipped with same
CN1676994A (en) * 2004-03-29 2005-10-05 尹加强 Efficient gas-controlled medical and house refuse pyrolyzed incinerator
CN2733186Y (en) * 2004-09-03 2005-10-12 刘谦 Vertical thermal dissociation incinerator structure
CN201606882U (en) * 2010-01-15 2010-10-13 张圣东 High-efficiency incinerator with circulating fluidized grates
CN203190418U (en) * 2013-04-09 2013-09-11 福州绿杰环保工程有限公司 Novel garbage pyrolysis incineration equipment
CN103953931A (en) * 2014-05-19 2014-07-30 张文国 Incineration cracking type innocent garbage treatment device and process
CN204922997U (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-12-30 湖南金卫环保设备科技有限公司 Energy -concerving and environment -protective high -efficient pyrolysis device of rubbish

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN203162929U (en) * 2013-01-30 2013-08-28 沈阳汇丰生物能源发展有限公司 Biomass chain boiler combustion device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
KR20010032414A (en) * 1998-09-25 2001-04-16 모리구치 게이 Ascending kiln type drying apparatus and furnace equipped with same
CN1676994A (en) * 2004-03-29 2005-10-05 尹加强 Efficient gas-controlled medical and house refuse pyrolyzed incinerator
CN2733186Y (en) * 2004-09-03 2005-10-12 刘谦 Vertical thermal dissociation incinerator structure
CN201606882U (en) * 2010-01-15 2010-10-13 张圣东 High-efficiency incinerator with circulating fluidized grates
CN203190418U (en) * 2013-04-09 2013-09-11 福州绿杰环保工程有限公司 Novel garbage pyrolysis incineration equipment
CN103953931A (en) * 2014-05-19 2014-07-30 张文国 Incineration cracking type innocent garbage treatment device and process
CN204922997U (en) * 2014-12-30 2015-12-30 湖南金卫环保设备科技有限公司 Energy -concerving and environment -protective high -efficient pyrolysis device of rubbish

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Effective date of registration: 20201216

Address after: No.62, shengjishan, Jiaotang village, Danan Town, Guangfeng District, Shangrao City, Jiangxi Province

Patentee after: Zhou Xiaohua

Address before: 2nd floor, Yinxin garden, Lufeng Town, Xupu County, Huaihua City, Hunan Province

Patentee before: HUNAN JINWEI ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION EQUIPMENT Co.,Ltd.