CN105797822B - Biomass crushes cutting machine - Google Patents

Biomass crushes cutting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105797822B
CN105797822B CN201610311364.0A CN201610311364A CN105797822B CN 105797822 B CN105797822 B CN 105797822B CN 201610311364 A CN201610311364 A CN 201610311364A CN 105797822 B CN105797822 B CN 105797822B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
gear
axle
main shaft
conveying roller
auxiliary cutting
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201610311364.0A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105797822A (en
Inventor
马千茹
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Individual
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Individual
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Filing date
Publication date
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Priority to CN201610311364.0A priority Critical patent/CN105797822B/en
Publication of CN105797822A publication Critical patent/CN105797822A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105797822B publication Critical patent/CN105797822B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/142Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with two or more inter-engaging rotatable cutter assemblies
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/14Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers
    • B02C18/145Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives within horizontal containers with knives spaced axially and circumferentially on the periphery of a cylindrical rotor unit
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/18Knives; Mountings thereof
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/22Feed or discharge means
    • B02C18/2225Feed means
    • B02C18/2283Feed means using rollers
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C18/00Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments
    • B02C18/06Disintegrating by knives or other cutting or tearing members which chop material into fragments with rotating knives
    • B02C18/16Details
    • B02C18/24Drives
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B02CRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING; PREPARATORY TREATMENT OF GRAIN FOR MILLING
    • B02CCRUSHING, PULVERISING, OR DISINTEGRATING IN GENERAL; MILLING GRAIN
    • B02C21/00Disintegrating plant with or without drying of the material

Abstract

The present invention relates to field of agricultural machinery, specifically a kind of biomass that auxiliary cutting member is provided with drawing-in device crushes cutting machine, including drive device, drawing-in device, operating room and main shaft assembly, the drawing-in device, drive device and main shaft assembly may be contained within operating room, biomass is entered in the operating room by drawing-in device and passes through the main shaft assembly rotational shear, the main shaft assembly is driven by the drive device to be rotated, discharging opening is provided with the operating room, conveying mechanism and auxiliary cutting mechanism are provided with the drawing-in device, biomass is conveyed into auxiliary cutting mechanism by the conveying mechanism after entering drawing-in device and carries out auxiliary cutting by the auxiliary cutting mechanism.The present invention can carry out broken before biomass guillotine cutting or tear etc. and anticipate, and improve the utilization rate of the biomass feed after processing efficiency and processing.

Description

Biomass crushes cutting machine
Technical field
The present invention relates to field of agricultural machinery, specifically a kind of biomass that auxiliary cutting member is provided with drawing-in device is broken Broken cutting machine.
Background technology
The lignocellulosics such as stalk, trees in agriculture and forestry production process in addition to grain, fruit (abbreviation lignin) are equal It is the biomass that can be developed and utilized, the wherein biomass such as stalk, wheat straw, straw can be processed into all feeds, be used for The equipment for processing these biomass is functionally seen mainly including two kinds:One is the cut-out of biomass;The second is biomass Silk is rubbed in cut-out, and the biomass processing equipment shortcoming of both types is mainly manifested in:
1st, for the cut-out of biomass, such a type is mainly to carry out biomass by the long size to shorten to be changed, and is added Biomass after work is not high as the utilization rate of feed, while also limit the scope of application of machine;
2nd, for silk is rubbed in the cut-out for biomass, such a type mainly carries out rubbing silk processing to biomass, to improve The utilization rate of biomass feed.But prior art kind, some types are low due to rubbing an efficiency, cause overall efficiency low, have Although production efficiency it is high, be only to rub a working space by increase to put forward efficient purpose to realize, so to equipment Power source requires also higher, and machine space-consuming is larger, hinders the popularization of machine.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of biomass to crush cutting machine, and auxiliary cutting member is provided with drawing-in device, It can be carried out before biomass guillotine cutting broken or tear etc. and to anticipate, improve the biomass feed after processing efficiency and processing Utilization rate.
The purpose of the present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of biomass crushes cutting machine, including drive device, drawing-in device, operating room and main shaft assembly, the driving Device, drawing-in device and main shaft assembly be may be contained within operating room, and biomass is entered in the operating room and led to by drawing-in device The main shaft assembly rotational shear is crossed, the main shaft assembly is driven by the drive device to be rotated, and is set in the operating room There is discharging opening;Conveying mechanism and auxiliary cutting mechanism are provided with the drawing-in device, biomass passes through after entering drawing-in device The conveying mechanism is conveyed into auxiliary cutting mechanism.
Conveying mechanism in the drawing-in device is provided with conveying roller, and the auxiliary cutting mechanism in the drawing-in device is provided with auxiliary Cutting roller is helped, speed change gear is provided with operating room, the main shaft assembly passes through in the speed change gear and the drawing-in device Conveying roller be connected, it is described auxiliary cutting roller pass through conveying roller drive rotation.
Yi Zhou ﹑ bis- Zhou ﹑ transition axises and anti-tooth axle are provided with the speed change gear, wherein an axle passes through gear engagement and two axles It is connected, two axles are engaged by gear respectively to be connected with the transition axis and anti-tooth axle, and one end of the main shaft assembly is provided with actively Bevel gear, an axle are provided with the driven bevel pinion that is engaged with the driving bevel gear, the conveyer in the drawing-in device Structure is provided with the first conveying roller and the second conveying roller, and two axle is connected with first conveying roller, the anti-tooth axle and described the Two conveying rollers are connected.
An axle gear wheel and an axle little gear are sequentially provided with an axle, it is small to be sequentially provided with two axles on two axle Tooth wheel ﹑ slides dynamic the axle gear wheels of tooth wheel ﹑ bis- and reverse gear, wherein the two axles little gear and the two equal empty sets of axle gear wheel are described On two axles, the balladeur train is movably arranged on two axle, and the axle gear wheel is nibbled with the two axles little gear Close, the axle little gear engages with the two axles gear wheel, is provided with anti-tooth shaft gear on the anti-tooth axle, anti-on two axles Engaged to gear with the anti-tooth shaft gear, be sequentially provided with first gear and second gear on transition axis, an axle gear wheel with The first gear engagement;When the balladeur train is chimeric with the two axles little gear, the speed change gear is in fast shelves, described When balladeur train engages with the second gear, the speed change gear is in anti-shelves, the balladeur train and the two axles canine tooth During wheel engagement, the speed change gear is in slow shelves.
The conveying mechanism is provided with the first fixed conveying roller and liftable second conveying roller, the auxiliary cutting mechanism Provided with adjustable for height auxiliary cutting roller, the shaft end of first conveying roller is provided with driving gear, the axle of the auxiliary cutting roller End is provided with driven gear, and the driving gear engages with the driven gear, and the driven gear is cut by the auxiliary Roller adjustment climbs away the driving gear.
The drawing-in device is provided with support, and the conveying mechanism and auxiliary cutting mechanism may be contained within the support, its Described in conveying mechanism be provided with conveying roller lifting seat, crossbeam and connecting spring, first conveying roller is arranged on the support On the downside of input, conveying roller lifting seat is provided with the upside of the input of the support, second conveying roller is arranged on the conveying On roller lifting seat, be provided with crossbeam above the conveying roller lifting seat, the conveying roller lifting seat by connecting spring with it is described Crossbeam is connected;
The auxiliary cutting mechanism is provided with help roll lifting seat, adjustment bolt and compression spring, in the output of the support End is provided with help roll lifting seat, and the help roll lifting seat both ends are arranged on two sides of the support by adjustment bolt respectively On plate, the auxiliary cutting roller is arranged on the help roll lifting seat, and compression spring is arranged with each adjustment bolt, Cutting member is uniformly aided in vertically on the auxiliary cutting roller.
Auxiliary cutting member, and the auxiliary cutting on different conveying rollers are equipped with first conveying roller and the second conveying roller Part is staggered;It is described auxiliary cutting roller below be provided with one band aid in cutting member fixed roll, and it is described auxiliary cutting roller with Auxiliary cutting member on fixed roll is staggered.
The main shaft assembly includes main shaft and cutting mechanism, and the cutting mechanism is provided with cutterhead, and the cutterhead is arranged on On the main shaft, moving knife is provided with the cutterhead, or two moving knife of moving knife and arbitrary neighborhood are provided with the cutterhead Between be provided with auxiliary cutting member.
The drive device is provided with cutterhead transmission mechanism and hammer leaf transmission mechanism, and the main shaft includes internal axle sleeve and outer shaft Set, the outer shaft is sheathed on the internal axle sleeve, the cutterhead assembly and hammer leaf assembly respectively with the difference on the main shaft Axle sleeve is connected, and the cutterhead assembly is driven by cutterhead transmission mechanism to be rotated, and the hammer leaf assembly passes through hammer leaf transmission mechanism band Dynamic rotation.
The operating room is provided with three discharging openings, is disposed on the top discharge mouth above operating room respectively, is arranged at work The middle discharging opening of the middle side part of room one and the lower discharge port being arranged on the downside of operating room.
Advantages of the present invention is with good effect:
1st, the present invention is provided with auxiliary cutting member in drawing-in device, can carry out broken or tear before biomass guillotine cutting Anticipate, improve the utilization rate of the biomass feed after processing efficiency and processing.
2nd, the characteristics of making biomass hand hay cutter cut into chunks present invention preserves existing equipment, while under same power of motor, it is right Broken to rub for silk, operating efficiency is relative to improve 50%, and the present invention can realize guillotine cutting, crushes and rub three kinds of work(of silk Can, expand the use range of machine.
3rd, speed change gear of the invention includes multiple gears, is easy to drawing-in device to occur " suppressing wherein " anti-shelves " design is main The material returned, hoisting machine safety coefficient can be inverted during car " situation in time, this " fast, slow " gear is all the work with drawing-in device Efficiency matching, pass through gear of regulating the speed, it is possible to achieve the length change of biomass processing, convenient, flexible adjustment, improve The whole work efficiency of machine.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the schematic diagram one of the present invention,
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram two of the present invention,
Fig. 3 is the transmission schematic diagram of the present invention,
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of drawing-in device in Fig. 1,
Fig. 5 is provided with schematic diagram during auxiliary cutting member for the conveying roller in drawing-in device in Fig. 4,
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the breaker roll of drawing-in device in Fig. 4,
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of speed change gear in Fig. 1,
Fig. 8 is in schematic internal view during fast gear for speed change gear in Fig. 7,
Fig. 9 is A direction views in Fig. 8,
Schematic internal view when speed change gear is in the first neutral position in Figure 10 Fig. 7,
Figure 11 is in schematic internal view during anti-gear for speed change gear in Fig. 7,
Figure 12 is in schematic internal view during the second neutral position for speed change gear in Fig. 7,
Figure 13 is in schematic internal view during slow gear for speed change gear in Fig. 7,
Figure 14 is the main shaft assembly schematic diagram of inside working chamber in Fig. 1,
Figure 15 is the transmission schematic diagram of another main shaft assembly embodiment,
Figure 16 is the main shaft assembly schematic diagram in Figure 15,
Figure 17 is the transmission schematic diagram of another main shaft assembly embodiment,
Figure 18 is the main shaft assembly schematic diagram in Figure 17,
Figure 19 is the transmission schematic diagram of another main shaft assembly embodiment,
Figure 20 is the main shaft assembly schematic diagram in Figure 19.
Wherein, 1 is base;2 be drive device, and 21 be driven pulley;3 be drawing-in device, and 31 be the first conveying roller, and 32 are Second conveying roller, 33 be material bin, and 34 be the first side plate, and 35 be the second side plate, and 36 be conveying roller lifting seat, and 37 be adjustment spiral shell Bolt, 38 be compression spring, and 39 be auxiliary cutting roller, and 310 be driven gear, and 311 be driving gear;4 be operating room;5 be above to go out Material mouth, 51 be middle discharging opening, and 52 be lower discharge port;6 be speed change gear, and 61 be lower box, and 62 be umbrella tooth box, and 63 be shield, 64 It is upper box for handle, 65,66 be power transmission shaft, and 611 be first gear, and 612 be transition axis, and 613 be two axle little gears, and 614 are Two axles, 615 be driven bevel pinion, and 616 be an axle, and 617 be an axle gear wheel, and 618 be balladeur train, and 619 be an axle little gear, 6110 be two axle gear wheels, and 6111 be reverse gear, and 6112 be anti-tooth shaft gear, and 651 be anti-tooth axle, and 6113 be second gear;7 For main shaft assembly, 71 be jackscrew group, and 72 be bearing block, and 73 be cutterhead, and 74 be moving knife, and 75 be main shaft, and 76 be driving bevel gear, 77 It is fixed pin shaft for hammer leaf, 78,79 be hammer leaf frame;8 be auxiliary cutting member.
Embodiment
The invention will be further described below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Fig. 1~20, the present invention includes base 1, drive device 2, drawing-in device 3, operating room 4 and main shaft assembly 7, Wherein operating room 4 is arranged on base 1, and drawing-in device 3 and drive device 2 are installed in the outside of operating room 4, main shaft assembly 7 are arranged in the operating room 4 and the main shaft assembly 7 is driven by the drive device 2 and rotated, in the drawing-in device 3 Input be provided with conveying mechanism, the drawing-in device 3 output end be provided with auxiliary cutting mechanism, in the main shaft assembly 7 Cutting mechanism is provided with, biomass is conveyed into operating room 4 after entering drawing-in device 3 by the conveying mechanism, and biology Matter first passes through the auxiliary cutting mechanism after the conveying mechanism and is crushed or torn, and then enters back into operating room 4 By the cutting mechanism rotational shear, discharging opening is provided with the upside of operating room 4.
Conveying mechanism in the drawing-in device 3 is provided with conveying roller, and the auxiliary cutting mechanism in the drawing-in device 3 is provided with Cutting roller 39 is aided in, and the conveying roller in the conveying mechanism is parallel with the auxiliary cutting roller 39 in the auxiliary cutting mechanism, Speed change gear 6 is provided with the outside of operating room 4, the main shaft assembly 7 passes through in the speed change gear 6 and the drawing-in device 3 Conveying roller is connected, and the conveying roller in drawing-in device 3 is driven by the main shaft assembly 7 and rotated, and the main shaft assembly 7 passes through The speed change gear 6 transmits torque, and the auxiliary cutting roller 39 drives rotation by the conveying roller in the conveying mechanism.
As shown in figs. 34, the drawing-in device 3 also includes material bin in addition to the conveying mechanism and auxiliary cutting mechanism 33 and support, the material bin 33 be arranged on support, the conveying mechanism and auxiliary cutting mechanism may be contained within the support It is interior.
As shown in figure 4, the conveying mechanism in the drawing-in device 3 includes the first conveying roller 31, the second conveying roller 32, conveying Roller lifting seat 36, crossbeam and connecting spring, the support include the first side plate 34 and the second side plate 35, first conveying roller 31 Both ends are respectively by bearing supporting on two side plates of the support, and the input of the support is provided with liftable defeated Roller lifting seat 36 is sent, second conveying roller 32 is arranged on the conveying roller lifting seat 36, in the conveying roller lifting seat 36 Top is provided with crossbeam, and the conveying roller lifting seat 36 is connected by connecting spring with the crossbeam.
As shown in figure 4, auxiliary cutting mechanism in the drawing-in device 3 include auxiliary cutting roller 39, help roll lifting seat, Adjustment bolt 37 and compression spring 38, liftable help roll lifting seat is provided with the output end of the support, the auxiliary is cut Roller 39 is cut on the help roll lifting seat, the help roll lifting seat both ends are arranged on institute by adjustment bolt 37 respectively State on two side plates of support, compression spring 38, one end of the compression spring 38 are arranged with each adjustment bolt 37 Offseted with the help roll lifting seat of downside, the other end of the compression spring 38 houses the help roll lifting seat end with being used for Shifting chute on the upside of cell wall offset, screw the adjustment bolt 37 can change it is described auxiliary cutting roller 39 height.Such as Fig. 3 It is shown, driving gear 311 is provided with the shaft end of the first conveying roller 31, driven gear is provided with auxiliary cutting roller 39 shaft end 310, the driving gear 311 engages with the driven gear 310, makes the auxiliary cutting roller when screwing the adjustment bolt 37 39 when rising to certain altitude, and the driven gear 310 of auxiliary cutting roller 39 end can be with the master of the shaft end of conveying roller 31 Moving gear 311 is separated, so that the auxiliary cutting roller 39 does not rotate, additionally by adjustment bolt 37 described in knob The help roll lifting seat can be unloaded and aid in cutting roller 39 to change.
As shown in fig. 6, uniformly aiding in cutting member 8 vertically on the auxiliary cutting roller 39, the auxiliary cutting member 8 can Think that blade, hammer leaf etc. can be used for the structure for crushing or tearing biomass.The conveying roller 32 of first conveying roller 31 and second can Think smooth roll, can also uniform auxiliary cutting vertically as shown in Figure 5 on the conveying roller 32 of the first conveying roller 31 and second Part 8, and the auxiliary cutting member 8 on different conveying rollers is staggered, and auxiliary cutting mechanism can be save under some working conditions, It enormously simplify the structure of drawing-in device.One can also be set up below the auxiliary cutting roller 39 with auxiliary cutting member 8 Fixed roll, and the auxiliary cutting member 8 on the auxiliary cutting roller 39 and fixed roll is staggered, so described auxiliary cutting roller 39 and institute Fixed roll collective effect is stated preferably to complete the auxiliary cutting operation of biomass.
Two conveying rollers that the main shaft assembly 7 is driven in driving drawing-in device 3 by speed change gear 6 rotate, and institute State speed change gear 6 and be provided with multiple driving gears.As shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 7~13, one is provided with the casing of the speed change gear 6 The anti-tooth axles 651 of the ﹑ of 616 ﹑ of axle, bis- axles 614 and transition axis 612, wherein an axle 616 is connected with the main shaft assembly 7, as shown in figure 3, The main shaft assembly 7 includes the main shaft 75 that one end is provided with driving bevel gear 76, and driven bevel pinion is provided with an axle 616 615, the driving bevel gear 76 engages with the driven bevel pinion 615, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 7, one end of two axle 614 It extend out to outside the lower box 61 of speed change gear 6 and is connected with the first conveying roller 31 in drawing-in device 3, the anti-tooth axle 651 is stretched It is outer and be connected by a power transmission shaft 66 with second conveying roller 32 to go out the upper box 65 to speed change gear 6.
As shown in Fig. 7~13, an axle gear wheel 617 and an axle little gear 619 are sequentially provided with an axle 616, The axle gear wheels 6110 of two axle little gears, 613 ﹑ balladeur trains, 618 ﹑ bis- and reverse gear 6111 are sequentially provided with two axle 614, Wherein described two axles little gear 613 and two axle gear wheels, 6110 equal empty set do not rotate on two axle 614 with two axles 614, The balladeur train 618 can move on two axles 614 and can be chimeric with the two axles little gear 613 and two axle gear wheels 6110, The one axle gear wheel 617 engages with the two axles little gear 613, the axle little gear 619 and the two axles gear wheel 6110 engagements, are provided with anti-tooth shaft gear 6112 on the anti-tooth axle 651, the reverse gear 6111 on two axles 614 with it is described instead Tooth shaft gear 6112 is engaged, and first gear 611 and second gear 6113 are sequentially provided with transition axis 612, wherein such as Fig. 9 institutes Show, an axle gear wheel 617 engages with the first gear 611.As shown in fig. 7, the ﹑ umbrella tooths of handle 64 are provided with speed change gear 6 Box 62 and shield 63, the handle 64 move for stirring the balladeur train 618, the driving bevel gear 76 and driven umbrella tooth Wheel 615 is arranged in the umbrella tooth box 62, and shield 63 is arranged at the upside of handle 64.
As depicted in figures 8-13, when the balladeur train 618 is chimeric with the two axles little gear 613, an axle 616 is successively Two axles 614 are driven to rotate by the transmission of an axle gear wheel 617, two axle little gears 613 and balladeur train 618, two axles 614 are successively Anti- tooth axle 651 is driven to rotate by reverse gear 6111 and the transmission of anti-tooth shaft gear 6112, now speed change gear 6 is in fast shelves Position, although the axle little gear 619 now on an axle 616 engages with two axle gear wheels 6110 on two axles 614, due to two axles The empty set of gear wheel 6110 rotates with two axles 614 on two axle 614, not and can only be in rotation;
Position between balladeur train 618 is moved to the second gear 6113 in two axle little gears 613 and transition axis 612 When, speed change gear 6 is in the first neutral position;
When balladeur train 618 engages with the second gear 6113 on transition axis 612, it is big that an axle 616 passes sequentially through an axle Gear 617, first gear 611, second gear 6113 and balladeur train 618 drive two axles 614 to invert, and two axles 614 and then pass through Reverse gear 6111 and anti-tooth shaft gear 6112 drive anti-tooth axle 651 to rotate, and now speed change gear 6 is in anti-gear;
When the position between balladeur train 618 is moved to the axle gear wheel 6110 of second gear 6113 and two, speed change Device 6 is in the second neutral position.
When balladeur train 618 engages with the two axles gear wheel 6110, an axle 616 passes through an axle little gear 619, two axles Gear wheel 6110 and balladeur train 618 drive two axles 614 to rotate, and two axles 614 and then pass through reverse gear 6111 and anti-tooth axle tooth Wheel 6112 drives anti-tooth axle 651 to rotate, and speed change gear 6 is in slow gear, and now two axle little gears 613 and transition axis 612 dally.
The present invention sets multiple gears in speed change gear 6, wherein " fast, slow " gear is provided to and the work of drawing-in device 3 Make efficiency matching, pass through gear of regulating the speed, it is possible to achieve the length change of biomass processing, imitated in hoisting machine overall work While rate, using also more flexible, " anti-shelves " design is main to be easy to drawing-in device 3 to invert in time when there is " suppressing car " to move back Material, hoisting machine safety coefficient.
The main shaft assembly 7 includes main shaft 75 and cutting mechanism, and the cutting mechanism is arranged on the main shaft 75, described The one end of main shaft 75 is provided with the driving bevel gear 76 being connected with the speed change gear 6, the other end and the drive device 2 of the main shaft 75 It is connected, the main shaft assembly 7 can be " an axle single speed " structure, or " an axle double speed " structure, the cutting mechanism can To set the cutting members such as moving knife 74, hammer leaf 77.
It is dynamic to be provided only with " an axle single speed " structure and cutting mechanism when the main shaft assembly 7 as shown in Fig. 3 and Figure 14 During knife 74, the cutting mechanism includes cutterhead 73, moving knife 74, jackscrew group 71 and bolt group, and moving knife 74 is along the circumferencial direction of cutterhead 73 Uniformly, jackscrew group 71 and bolt group are provided with cutterhead 73, moving knife 74 is fixed on cutterhead 73 by bolt group 77, each jackscrew Jackscrew in group 71 is offseted to adjust the angle of inclination of moving knife 74 with corresponding moving knife 74, and the main shaft 75 is supported by bearing block 72 In operating room 4, operating room 4 is collectively forming a closing space with base 1, and the drive device 2 includes motor and skin Tape handler, the driven pulley 21 in the belt gear are arranged on the main shaft 75, and the main shaft 75 passes through electricity Machine driving rotation, and then cutting mechanism rotation is driven, main shaft assembly 7 rotates formed vortex wind by biomass feed by discharging Mouth blowout operating room 4.
As shown in Figure 15~16, when on the cutterhead 73 that the main shaft assembly 7 is " an axle single speed " structure and cutting mechanism When being additionally provided with hammer leaf 77 or other auxiliary cutting members 8 simultaneously provided with moving knife 74, the cutting mechanism includes cutterhead 73, moving knife 74th, jackscrew group 71, bolt group and bearing pin 78, moving knife 74 is uniform along the circumferencial direction of cutterhead 73, and moving knife 74 is fixed by bolt group 77 Angle of inclination is adjusted on cutterhead 73 and by jackscrew group 71, is all provided with the cutterhead 73 between two moving knife 74 of arbitrary neighborhood There is hammer leaf 77, the hammer leaf 77 is arranged on the cutterhead 73 by fixed pin shaft 78, and the hammer leaf 77 can also change other knots into The auxiliary cutting member of structure, biomass first passes through the guillotine cutting of moving knife 74 after entering operating room 4, then is cut by hammer leaf 77 or other auxiliary Part 8 beats the biomass after crushing guillotine cutting.
As shown in Figure 17~18, when the main shaft assembly 7 is " an axle double speed " structure, the drive device 2 is provided with knife Disk transmission mechanism and hammer leaf transmission mechanism, the main shaft 75 include internal axle sleeve and outer shaft, and the outer shaft is sheathed in described On axle sleeve, the cutting mechanism includes cutterhead assembly and hammer leaf assembly, the cutterhead assembly and hammer leaf assembly respectively with the master Not coaxial sleeve on axle 75 is connected, and the cutterhead assembly is driven by cutterhead transmission mechanism to be rotated, and the hammer leaf assembly passes through hammer Piece transmission mechanism drives rotation.The cutterhead assembly includes cutterhead 73 and moving knife 74, and moving knife 74 is equal along the circumferencial direction of cutterhead 73 Cloth, the hammer leaf assembly include hammer leaf 77 and hammer leaf frame 79, and hammer leaf 77 is arranged on hammer leaf frame 79 by fixed pin shaft 78, described Cutterhead 73 and hammer leaf frame 79 are connected with the not coaxial sleeve on main shaft 75 respectively, and the cutterhead transmission mechanism and hammer leaf transmission mechanism are equal For pulley transmission mechanism, the power source is two-phase two-pole machine or diesel engine, and two are provided with the output shaft of power source Driving wheel, the driven pulley on the driven pulley and hammer leaf transmission mechanism of cutterhead transmission mechanism are separately mounted to the main shaft 75 On different axle sleeves, because belt wheel transmission is than of different sizes, two kinds of different rotating speeds of formation cutterhead 73 and hammer leaf frame 79, that is, " an axle double speed ", the power source is it can also be provided that two, and individually band movable knife disc 73 and hammer leaf frame 79 rotate.
As shown in Figure 19~20, rubbing effect is beaten in order to further enhance biomass, can also on the main shaft 75 Multiple hammer leaf framves 79 are set, so as to be used to beat the biomass after rubbing guillotine cutting equivalent to the multigroup hammer leaf 77 of setting.
As shown in Fig. 1~2, operating room 4 of the invention is provided with three discharging openings, is disposed on the top of operating room 4 respectively Top discharge mouth 5, the middle discharging opening 51 for being arranged at the middle side part of operating room 4 one and the lower discharge port 52 for being arranged at the downside of operating room 4, three Individual discharging opening can according to the dry and wet situation and lift demand of biomass select use, wherein biomass by the guillotine cutting of moving knife 74 into Section and then by hammer leaf 77 high speed rotation beat, biology be changed into crushing or it is thread, now process after biomass under Discharging opening 52 is blown out.For dry biomass guillotine cutting crush for, as needed can only by cutterhead assembly 25 guillotine cutting into It section, can also be beaten again by the high speed of hammer leaf assembly 24 after guillotine cutting, but now beat simply further dividing to dry biomass Section, due to dry biomass light weight itself, can be blown out by top discharge mouth 5.For the biology that blue or green biomass or moisture content are larger For matter, beaten after the hand hay cutter of moving knife 74 is cut into chunks, then by the high speed of hammer leaf 77, some moisture content of centrifugal force separate can be relied on, mitigated Weight itself, in order to reach lift effect, it can be blown out by middle discharging opening 6.In addition, the company in each discharging opening Yu operating room 4 Socket part is provided with the dividing plate that can be pulled and pushed, and can turn back to dividing plate block corresponding discharging opening when not needed.
The operation principle of the present invention:
Careful broken guillotine cutting, rubbing guillotine cutting and the guillotine cutting broken roughly of the achievable biomass of the present invention.
Careful broken guillotine cutting process:
Biomass is extruded with the article shaped of some strength in the presence of two conveying rollers rotate against clamping force Material, when the molding materials are by auxiliary cutting roller 39, under the turning effort of the auxiliary cutting roller 39, molding materials are broken Irregular section is broken into, then by the rotary thrust effect of auxiliary cutting roller 39, operating room 4 is sent into irregular section In, by the guillotine cutting of moving knife 74 on main shaft assembly 7, complete the regular cutoff process of biomass.During whole service, once Biomass enters excessive, and the second conveying roller 32 is moved up along the shifting chute on support by the drive of conveying roller lifting seat 36, makes the The distance between two conveying rollers 32 and the first conveying roller 31 increase, but the displacement of the second conveying roller 32 is by auxiliary cutting roller 39 Operating efficiency limits, and this adjusts limitation by adjustment bolt 37 and compression spring 38.When biomass enters excessively, auxiliary is cut Cut roller 39 can not carry out rapidly it is broken take away biomass, cause to squeeze into input by the first conveying roller 31 and the second conveying roller 32 Biomass is stuck in before auxiliary cutting roller 39, and prevents going successively to for subsequent bio matter, is played a protective role.
Rub guillotine cutting process:
The rubbing guillotine cutting of biomass is realized, it is necessary to screw off adjustment bolt 37, compression spring 38 is taken out, unloads help roll liter Seat is dropped, then changes the auxiliary cutting roller 39 (such as auxiliary cutting roller 39 with hammer leaf) available for tear.It is raw when mechanism works Material is also to be advanced to auxiliary cutting roller 39 under the first conveying roller 31 and the second conveying rod 32 rotary squeezing effect, is cut in auxiliary Cut under the high speed turning effort of roller 39, biology be changed into irregular thread, then promote operating room under rotating force, The guillotine cutting of moving knife 74 on main shaft assembly 7 is passed through, complete the cutoff process of biomass.Now, and by help roll lifting seat On compression spring 38 come adjust limitation biomass charging quantity.
Guillotine cutting process broken roughly:
Before operation element, first rotation puies forward adjustment bolt 37 and arrives certain position, compression spring 38 is returned to original tension force, Complete elastic force of the compression spring 38 to help roll lifting seat is reduced, so ensures that auxiliary cutting roller 39 has necessarily upper Space is moved, the driven gear 310 on the auxiliary cutting roller 39 is departed from the driving gear 311 on the first conveying roller 31, it is complete Passive revolving force is lost entirely.
Because the second conveying rod 32 interlocks with the tooth form on the first conveying roller 31, when biomass is in the first conveying roller 31 and the Under the turning effort of two conveying rods 32, biomass is just compressed in tooth form staggeredly, so as to the squeeze crack entirety of biomass, by Acted in the squeeze crack of the first conveying roller 31 and the second conveying roller 32, biology is changed into unordered reach, auxiliary cutting roller now 39 just lean on self gravitation effect in biomass in the presence of biomass moves forward motive force, ensure that biomass smoothly moves ahead and enter Operating room, then by the guillotine cutting of moving knife 74 on main shaft assembly 7, complete the cutoff process of biomass.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of biomass crushes cutting machine, it is characterised in that:Including drive device (2), drawing-in device (3), operating room (4) and Main shaft assembly (7), the drive device (2), drawing-in device (3) and main shaft assembly (7) may be contained within operating room (4), biology Matter is entered in the operating room (4) by drawing-in device (3) and passes through the main shaft assembly (7) rotational shear, the main shaft assembly (7) driven and rotated by the drive device (2), discharging opening is provided with the operating room (4);In the drawing-in device (3) In be provided with conveying mechanism and auxiliary cutting mechanism, biomass enter drawing-in device (3) after be conveyed into by the conveying mechanism Aid in cutting mechanism;
Conveying mechanism in the drawing-in device (3) is provided with conveying roller, and the auxiliary cutting mechanism in the drawing-in device (3) is provided with Cutting roller (39) is aided in, speed change gear (6) is provided with operating room (4), the main shaft assembly (7) passes through the speed change gear (6) it is connected with the conveying roller in the drawing-in device (3), the auxiliary cutting roller (39) is driven by conveying roller to rotate;
An axle (axles of 616) ﹑ bis- (614) ﹑ transition axises (612) and anti-tooth axle (651), wherein one are provided with the speed change gear (6) Axle (616) is engaged by gear to be connected with two axles (614), and two axles (614) pass through gear engagement and the transition axis (612) respectively It is connected with anti-tooth axle (651), one end of the main shaft assembly (7) is provided with driving bevel gear (76), and an axle (616) is provided with The driven bevel pinion (615) engaged with the driving bevel gear (76), the conveying mechanism in the drawing-in device (3) are provided with first Conveying roller (31) and the second conveying roller (32), two axle (614) are connected with first conveying roller (31), the anti-tooth axle (651) it is connected with second conveying roller (32);
An axle gear wheel (617) and an axle little gear (619) are sequentially provided with an axle (616), in two axle (614) On be sequentially provided with two axle little gears (613) ﹑ balladeur trains (the axle gear wheels (6110) of 618) ﹑ bis- and reverse gear (6111), wherein The two axles little gear (613) and two axle gear wheels (6110) empty set are on two axle (614), the balladeur train (618) it is movably arranged on two axle (614), the axle gear wheel (617) is nibbled with the two axles little gear (613) Close, the axle little gear (619) is engaged with the two axles gear wheel (6110), and anti-tooth is provided with the anti-tooth axle (651) Shaft gear (6112), the reverse gear (6111) on two axles (614) engages with the anti-tooth shaft gear (6112), in transition axis (612) first gear (611) and second gear (6113), an axle gear wheel (617) and the first gear are sequentially provided with (611) engage;When the balladeur train (618) is chimeric with the two axles little gear (613), the speed change gear (6) is in fast Shelves, when the balladeur train (618) is engaged with the second gear (6113), the speed change gear (6) is in anti-shelves, the cunning When moving gear (618) engages with the two axles gear wheel (6110), the speed change gear (6) is in slow shelves.
2. biomass according to claim 1 crushes cutting machine, it is characterised in that:The conveying mechanism is provided with fixed the One conveying roller (31) and liftable second conveying roller (32), the auxiliary cutting mechanism are provided with adjustable for height auxiliary cutting roller (39), the shaft end of first conveying roller (31) is provided with driving gear (311), the shaft end of the auxiliary cutting roller (39) be provided with from Moving gear (310), the driving gear (311) is engaged with the driven gear (310), and the driven gear (310) passes through Auxiliary cutting roller (39) adjustment climbs away the driving gear (311).
3. biomass according to claim 2 crushes cutting machine, it is characterised in that:The drawing-in device (3) is provided with support, The conveying mechanism and auxiliary cutting mechanism may be contained within the support, wherein the conveying mechanism is provided with conveying roller lifting seat (36), crossbeam and connecting spring, first conveying roller (31) be arranged on the support input on the downside of, the support it is defeated Entering end upside and be provided with conveying roller lifting seat (36), second conveying roller (32) is arranged on the conveying roller lifting seat (36), Crossbeam is provided with above the conveying roller lifting seat (36), the conveying roller lifting seat (36) passes through connecting spring and the crossbeam It is connected;
The auxiliary cutting mechanism is provided with help roll lifting seat, adjustment bolt (37) and compression spring (38), in the support Output end is provided with help roll lifting seat, and the help roll lifting seat both ends are arranged on the support by adjustment bolt (37) respectively Two side plates on, it is described auxiliary cutting roller (39) be arranged on the help roll lifting seat on, in each adjustment bolt (37) Compression spring (38) is arranged with, cutting member (8) is uniformly aided in vertically on the auxiliary cutting roller (39).
4. biomass according to claim 3 crushes cutting machine, it is characterised in that:First conveying roller (31) and second Auxiliary cutting member (8) is equipped with conveying roller (32), and the auxiliary cutting member (8) on different conveying rollers is staggered;Described Aid in being provided with a fixed roll with auxiliary cutting member (8) below cutting roller (39), and on the auxiliary cutting roller (39) and fixed roll Auxiliary cutting member (8) be staggered.
5. biomass according to claim 1 crushes cutting machine, it is characterised in that:The main shaft assembly (7) includes main shaft (75) and cutting mechanism, the cutting mechanism is provided with cutterhead (73), and the cutterhead (73) is arranged on the main shaft (75), The cutterhead (73) is provided with moving knife (74), or is provided with moving knife (74) on the cutterhead (73) and two of arbitrary neighborhood dynamic Auxiliary cutting member (8) is provided between knife (74).
6. biomass according to claim 1 crushes cutting machine, it is characterised in that:The drive device (2) is provided with cutterhead Transmission mechanism and hammer leaf transmission mechanism, the main shaft assembly (7) include main shaft (75) and cutting mechanism, and the main shaft (75) includes Internal axle sleeve and outer shaft, the outer shaft are sheathed on the internal axle sleeve, and the cutting mechanism includes cutterhead assembly and hammer leaf is total Into the cutterhead assembly and hammer leaf assembly are connected with the not coaxial sleeve on the main shaft (75) respectively, and the cutterhead assembly passes through Cutterhead transmission mechanism drives rotation, and the hammer leaf assembly is driven by hammer leaf transmission mechanism to be rotated.
7. biomass according to claim 1 crushes cutting machine, it is characterised in that:The operating room (4) goes out provided with three Material mouth, the top discharge mouth (5) above operating room (4) is disposed on respectively, is arranged at the middle discharging opening of the middle side part of operating room (4) one And the lower discharge port (52) that is arranged on the downside of operating room (4) (51).
CN201610311364.0A 2016-05-11 2016-05-11 Biomass crushes cutting machine Expired - Fee Related CN105797822B (en)

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CN106269120B (en) * 2016-08-26 2018-07-24 高翔 Double-shaft straw rubs grinding device
CN110773294B (en) * 2019-11-08 2021-07-02 山东道永盛信息科技有限公司 Grinding device is smashed to clean environmental protection living beings heating granule
CN112973892B (en) * 2021-03-01 2022-12-13 北京卡奔生态环保科技有限公司 Biomass liquid fuel processing equipment
CN114043593B (en) * 2021-10-08 2022-09-16 嘉应学院 Controllable bamboo fibre production facility of finished product thickness

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JPS5615946B2 (en) * 1973-08-27 1981-04-13
CN2624604Y (en) * 2003-06-17 2004-07-14 金乙庆 Machine for crushing and kneading straw
CN2645431Y (en) * 2003-08-15 2004-10-06 周建设 Multifunctional crusher
CN201440832U (en) * 2009-06-05 2010-04-28 石长征 Grass chopping pulverizer
CN102397813B (en) * 2011-07-24 2013-06-12 东北林业大学 Branch crusher
CN204377493U (en) * 2014-12-12 2015-06-10 范嘉丽 A kind of cutter head structure with auxiliary cutting member
CN204768911U (en) * 2015-06-19 2015-11-18 华中农业大学 Multi -functional rubbing crusher of hand propelled
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CN205761545U (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-12-07 马千茹 A kind of biomass crush cutting machine

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Granted publication date: 20171222