CN205761545U - A kind of biomass crush cutting machine - Google Patents

A kind of biomass crush cutting machine Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205761545U
CN205761545U CN201620422322.XU CN201620422322U CN205761545U CN 205761545 U CN205761545 U CN 205761545U CN 201620422322 U CN201620422322 U CN 201620422322U CN 205761545 U CN205761545 U CN 205761545U
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China
Prior art keywords
gear
axle
biomass
cutting
auxiliary cutting
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CN201620422322.XU
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Chinese (zh)
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马千茹
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马千茹
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Abstract

This utility model relates to field of agricultural machinery, a kind of biomass being provided with auxiliary cutting member in drawing-in device crush cutting machine, including driving means, drawing-in device, operating room and main shaft assembly, described drawing-in device, driving means and main shaft assembly may be contained within operating room, biomass are entered in described operating room and by described main shaft assembly rotational shear by drawing-in device, described main shaft assembly is driven by described driving means and rotates, described operating room is provided with discharging opening, conveying mechanism and auxiliary cutting mechanism it is provided with in described drawing-in device, biomass are conveyed into assisting in cutting mechanism by described conveying mechanism after entering drawing-in device and carry out assisting cutting by described auxiliary cutting mechanism.This utility model can carry out broken or tear etc. before biomass guillotine cutting and anticipate, and improves the utilization rate of the biomass feed after working (machining) efficiency and processing.

Description

A kind of biomass crush cutting machine
Technical field
This utility model relates to field of agricultural machinery, a kind of biology being provided with auxiliary cutting member in drawing-in device Matter crushes cutting machine.
Background technology
In agriculture and forestry production process, the lignocellulose (abbreviation lignin) such as straw in addition to grain, fruit, trees is equal Being the biomass that can develop and utilize, wherein the biomass such as straw, wheat straw, Caulis et Folium Oryzae can be processed into all feeds, is used for Process the equipment of these biomass functionally to see and mainly include two kinds: the cut-out of first biomass;It two is biomass Silk is rubbed in cut-out, and the biomass processing equipment shortcoming of both types is mainly manifested in:
1, for the cut-out of biomass, this kind of type mainly carries out biomass and is changed by the long size shortened, and adds Biomass after work are the highest as the utilization rate of feedstuff, also limit the scope of application of machine simultaneously;
2, for silk is rubbed in the cut-out for biomass, this kind of type is mainly rubs silk process, to improve to biomass The utilization rate of biomass feed.But, prior art kind, some types are low owing to rubbing an efficiency, cause overall efficiency low, have Although production efficiency high, but be only to rely on increase to rub a work space to realize putting forward high efficiency purpose, so to equipment Power source requires the highest, and machine takes up room relatively big, hinders the popularization of machine.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of biomass to crush cutting machine, is provided with auxiliary cutting in drawing-in device Part, it is possible to carry out broken or tear etc. before biomass guillotine cutting and anticipate, improve the biomass after working (machining) efficiency and processing The utilization rate of feedstuff.
The purpose of this utility model is achieved through the following technical solutions:
A kind of biomass crush cutting machine, including driving means, drawing-in device, operating room and main shaft assembly, described driving Device, drawing-in device and main shaft assembly may be contained within operating room, and biomass are entered in described operating room by drawing-in device and lead to Crossing described main shaft assembly rotational shear, described main shaft assembly is driven by described driving means and rotates, and sets in described operating room There is discharging opening;Being provided with conveying mechanism and auxiliary cutting mechanism in described drawing-in device, biomass are passed through after entering drawing-in device Described conveying mechanism is conveyed into assisting in cutting mechanism.
Conveying mechanism in described drawing-in device is provided with conveying roller, and the auxiliary cutting mechanism in described drawing-in device is provided with auxiliary Helping cutting roller, be provided with speed change gear in operating room, described main shaft assembly is by described speed change gear and described drawing-in device Conveying roller be connected, described auxiliary cutting roller is rotated by conveying roller.
Being provided with an axle two axle transition axis and anti-tooth axle in described speed change gear, wherein an axle is by gear engagement and two axles Being connected, two axles are connected with described transition axis and anti-tooth axle by gear engagement respectively, and one end of described main shaft assembly is provided with actively Bevel gear, a described axle is provided with the driven bevel pinion engaged with described driving bevel gear, the conveyer in described drawing-in device Structure is provided with the first conveying roller and the second conveying roller, and described two axles are connected with described first conveying roller, described anti-tooth axle and described the Two conveying rollers are connected.
A described axle is sequentially provided with an axle gear wheel and the little gear of an axle, described two axles is sequentially provided with two axles little Gears slip gear two axle gear wheel and reverse gear, the wherein said two little gears of axle and the two equal empty sets of axle gear wheel are described On two axles, described balladeur train is movably arranged on described two axles, and a described axle gear wheel is nibbled with the described two little gears of axle Closing, a described little gear of axle engages with described two axle gear wheels, is provided with anti-tooth shaft gear on described anti-tooth axle, anti-on two axles Engage with described anti-tooth shaft gear to gear, transition axis be sequentially provided with the first gear and the second gear, an axle gear wheel with Described first gear engagement;When described balladeur train is chimeric with the described two little gears of axle, described speed change gear is in fast shelves, described When balladeur train engages with described second gear, described speed change gear is in anti-shelves, described balladeur train and described two axle canine tooths During wheel engagement, described speed change gear is in slow shelves.
Described conveying mechanism is provided with the first fixing conveying roller and liftable second conveying roller, described auxiliary cutting mechanism Being provided with adjustable for height auxiliary cutting roller, the axle head of described first conveying roller is provided with driving gear, the axle of described auxiliary cutting roller End is provided with driven gear, and described driving gear engages with described driven gear, and described driven gear is by described auxiliary cutting Roller adjusts and climbs away described driving gear.
Described drawing-in device is provided with support, described conveying mechanism and auxiliary cutting mechanism and may be contained within described support, its Described in conveying mechanism be provided with conveying roller elevating bracket, crossbeam and connection spring, described first conveying roller is arranged on described support On the downside of input, being provided with conveying roller elevating bracket on the upside of the input of described support, described second conveying roller is arranged on described conveying On roller elevating bracket, being arranged over crossbeam at described conveying roller elevating bracket, described conveying roller elevating bracket is by connecting spring with described Crossbeam is connected;
Described auxiliary cutting mechanism is provided with help roll elevating bracket, adjusts bolt and compression spring, in the output of described support End is provided with help roll elevating bracket, and described help roll elevating bracket two ends are arranged on two sides of described support respectively by adjusting bolt On plate, described auxiliary cutting roller is arranged on described help roll elevating bracket, is all arranged with compression spring on each adjustment bolt, The most uniform auxiliary cutting member on described auxiliary cutting roller.
The auxiliary being equipped with on auxiliary cutting member, and different conveying roller on described first conveying roller and the second conveying roller is cut Cutter member is crisscross arranged;The fixed roll of a band auxiliary cutting member, and described auxiliary cutting roller it is provided with below described auxiliary cutting roller It is crisscross arranged with the auxiliary cutting member on fixed roll.
Described main shaft assembly includes that main shaft and cutting mechanism, described cutting mechanism are provided with cutterhead, and described cutterhead is arranged on On described main shaft, described cutterhead is provided with moving knife, or on described cutterhead, is provided with two moving knife of moving knife and arbitrary neighborhood Between be provided with auxiliary cutting member.
Described driving means is provided with cutterhead drive mechanism and hammer leaf drive mechanism, and described main shaft includes internal axle sleeve and outer shaft Set, described outer shaft is sheathed on described internal axle sleeve, and described cutterhead assembly and hammer leaf assembly are different from described main shaft respectively Axle sleeve is connected, and described cutterhead assembly is rotated by cutterhead drive mechanism, and described hammer leaf assembly passes through hammer leaf drive mechanism band Dynamic rotation.
Described operating room is provided with three discharging openings, is disposed on the top discharge mouth above operating room respectively, is arranged at work The middle discharging opening of room one middle side part and be arranged at the lower discharge port on the downside of operating room.
Advantage of the present utility model with good effect is:
1, this utility model is provided with auxiliary cutting member in drawing-in device, it is possible to carries out broken before biomass guillotine cutting or tears Split etc. and to anticipate, improve the utilization rate of the biomass feed after working (machining) efficiency and processing.
2, this utility model remains the feature that existing equipment makes biomass hand hay cutter cut into chunks, simultaneously at same power of motor Under, for crushing and rubbing silk, work efficiency improves 50% relatively, and this utility model can realize guillotine cutting, crushes and rub Three kinds of functions of silk, have expanded the range of machine.
3, speed change gear of the present utility model includes multiple gear, and wherein drawing-in device appearance is mainly easy in " anti-shelves " design Can invert the material returned, hoisting machine safety coefficient during situation of " suppressing car " in time, this " fast, slow " gear is all the work with drawing-in device Make efficiency coupling, by gear of regulating the speed, it is possible to achieve the length change of biomass processing, convenient, flexible adjustment, promote The whole work efficiency of machine.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is schematic diagram one of the present utility model,
Fig. 2 is schematic diagram two of the present utility model,
Fig. 3 is transmission schematic diagram of the present utility model,
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of drawing-in device in Fig. 1,
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram that in Fig. 4, the conveying roller in drawing-in device is provided with when assisting cutting member,
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the breaker roll of drawing-in device in Fig. 4,
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of speed change gear in Fig. 1,
Schematic internal view when Fig. 8 is that in Fig. 7, speed change gear is in fast gear,
Fig. 9 is A direction view in Fig. 8,
Schematic internal view when speed change gear is in the first neutral position in Figure 10 Fig. 7,
Schematic internal view when Figure 11 is that in Fig. 7, speed change gear is in anti-gear,
Schematic internal view when Figure 12 is that in Fig. 7, speed change gear is in the second neutral position,
Schematic internal view when Figure 13 is that in Fig. 7, speed change gear is in slow gear,
Figure 14 is the main shaft assembly schematic diagram of inside working chamber in Fig. 1,
Figure 15 is the transmission schematic diagram of another kind of main shaft assembly embodiment,
Figure 16 is the main shaft assembly schematic diagram in Figure 15,
Figure 17 is the transmission schematic diagram of another main shaft assembly embodiment,
Figure 18 is the main shaft assembly schematic diagram in Figure 17,
Figure 19 is the transmission schematic diagram of another main shaft assembly embodiment,
Figure 20 is the main shaft assembly schematic diagram in Figure 19.
Wherein, 1 is base;2 is driving means, and 21 is driven pulley;3 is drawing-in device, and 31 is the first conveying roller, and 32 are Second conveying roller, 33 is material bin, and 34 is the first side plate, and 35 is the second side plate, and 36 is conveying roller elevating bracket, and 37 for adjusting spiral shell Bolt, 38 is compression spring, and 39 is auxiliary cutting roller, and 310 is driven gear, and 311 is driving gear;4 is operating room;5 on go out Material mouth, 51 is middle discharging opening, and 52 is lower discharge port;6 is speed change gear, and 61 is lower box, and 62 is umbrella tooth box, and 63 is guard shield, 64 For handle, 65 is upper box, and 66 is power transmission shaft, and 611 is the first gear, and 612 is transition axis, and 613 is the two little gears of axle, and 614 are Two axles, 615 is driven bevel pinion, and 616 is an axle, and 617 is an axle gear wheel, and 618 is balladeur train, and 619 is a little gear of axle, 6110 is two axle gear wheels, and 6111 is reverse gear, and 6112 is anti-tooth shaft gear, and 651 is anti-tooth axle, and 6113 is the second gear;7 For main shaft assembly, 71 is jackscrew group, and 72 is bearing block, and 73 is cutterhead, and 74 is moving knife, and 75 is main shaft, and 76 is driving bevel gear, 77 For hammer leaf, 78 is fixed pin shaft, and 79 is hammer leaf frame;8 is auxiliary cutting member.
Detailed description of the invention
The utility model is described in further detail below in conjunction with the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Fig. 1~20, this utility model includes that base 1, driving means 2, drawing-in device 3, operating room 4 and main shaft are total Becoming 7, wherein operating room 4 is arranged on base 1, and drawing-in device 3 and driving means 2 are installed in outside described operating room 4, main shaft In assembly 7 is arranged at described operating room 4 and described main shaft assembly 7 drives rotation by described driving means 2, fill at described feeding The input putting 3 is provided with conveying mechanism, and the outfan at described drawing-in device 3 is provided with auxiliary cutting mechanism, total at described main shaft Becoming 7 to be provided with cutting mechanism, biomass are conveyed in operating room 4 by described conveying mechanism after entering drawing-in device 3, and raw Material first passes through described auxiliary cutting mechanism after described conveying mechanism to carry out crushing or tearing, and then enters back into operating room 4 In by described cutting mechanism rotational shear, on the upside of described operating room 4, be provided with discharging opening.
Conveying mechanism in described drawing-in device 3 is provided with conveying roller, and the auxiliary cutting mechanism in described drawing-in device 3 is provided with Conveying roller in auxiliary cutting roller 39, and described conveying mechanism is parallel with the auxiliary cutting roller 39 in described auxiliary cutting mechanism, Being provided with speed change gear 6 outside operating room 4, described main shaft assembly 7 is by described speed change gear 6 and described drawing-in device 3 Conveying roller is connected, and the conveying roller in drawing-in device 3 is i.e. driven by described main shaft assembly 7 and rotates, and described main shaft assembly 7 i.e. passes through Described speed change gear 6 transmits torque, and described auxiliary cutting roller 39 is rotated by the conveying roller in described conveying mechanism.
As shown in figs. 34, described drawing-in device 3 also includes material bin in addition to described conveying mechanism and auxiliary cutting mechanism 33 and support, described material bin 33 is arranged on support, and described conveying mechanism and auxiliary cutting mechanism may be contained within described support In.
As shown in Figure 4, the conveying mechanism in described drawing-in device 3 includes first conveying roller the 31, second conveying roller 32, conveying Roller elevating bracket 36, crossbeam and connection spring, described support includes the first side plate 34 and the second side plate 35, described first conveying roller 31 Two ends are arranged on two side plates of described support by bearing supporting respectively, and the input of described support is provided with liftable defeated Sending roller elevating bracket 36, described second conveying roller 32 is arranged on described conveying roller elevating bracket 36, at described conveying roller elevating bracket 36 Being arranged over crossbeam, described conveying roller elevating bracket 36 is connected with described crossbeam by connecting spring.
As shown in Figure 4, the auxiliary cutting mechanism in described drawing-in device 3 include assist cutting roller 39, help roll elevating bracket, Adjusting bolt 37 and compression spring 38, the outfan at described support is provided with liftable help roll elevating bracket, and described auxiliary is cut Cutting roller 39 to be arranged on described help roll elevating bracket, described help roll elevating bracket two ends are arranged on institute by adjustment bolt 37 respectively State on two side plates of support, each adjustment bolt 37 is all arranged with compression spring 38, one end of described compression spring 38 Offset with the help roll elevating bracket of downside, the other end of described compression spring 38 be used for housing described help roll elevating bracket end Shifting chute on the upside of cell wall offset, screw described adjustment bolt 37 and i.e. can change the height of described auxiliary cutting roller 39.Such as Fig. 3 Shown in, the axle head at the first conveying roller 31 is provided with driving gear 311, is provided with driven gear at described auxiliary cutting roller 39 axle head 310, described driving gear 311 engages with described driven gear 310, makes described auxiliary cutting roller when screwing described adjustment bolt 37 39 when rising to certain altitude, and the driven gear 310 of described auxiliary cutting roller 39 end can be with the master of described conveying roller 31 axle head Moving gear 311 is separated, so that described auxiliary cutting roller 39 does not rotates, adjusts bolt 37 also additionally by described in knob Can unload described help roll elevating bracket to change auxiliary cutting roller 39.
As shown in Figure 6, the most uniform auxiliary cutting member 8 on described auxiliary cutting roller 39, described auxiliary cutting member 8 It can be the structure that can be used for crushing or tearing biomass such as blade, hammer leaf.Described first conveying roller 31 and the second conveying roller 32 Can be smooth roll, on described first conveying roller 31 and the second conveying roller 32, it is also possible to the most uniform auxiliary is cut Auxiliary cutting member 8 in cutter member 8, and different conveying roller is crisscross arranged, and can save auxiliary cutting machine under some working condition Structure, enormously simplify the structure of drawing-in device.A band auxiliary cutting member 8 can also be set up below described auxiliary cutting roller 39 Fixed roll, and the auxiliary cutting member 8 on described auxiliary cutting roller 39 and fixed roll is crisscross arranged, the most described auxiliary cutting roller 39 He Described fixed roll acts on preferably completing the auxiliary cutting operation of biomass jointly.
Described main shaft assembly 7 drives two conveying rollers in drawing-in device 3 to rotate by speed change gear 6 transmission, and institute State speed change gear 6 and be provided with multiple driving gear.As shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 7~13, in the casing of described speed change gear 6, it is provided with one The anti-tooth axle 651 of axle 616 2 axle 614 and transition axis 612, wherein an axle 616 is connected with described main shaft assembly 7, as it is shown on figure 3, Described main shaft assembly 7 includes that one end is provided with the main shaft 75 of driving bevel gear 76, is provided with driven bevel pinion on a described axle 616 615, described driving bevel gear 76 engages with described driven bevel pinion 615, as shown in Figure 3 and Figure 7, and one end of described two axles 614 Extending out to outside the lower box 61 of speed change gear 6 and be connected with the first conveying roller 31 in drawing-in device 3, described anti-tooth axle 651 is stretched The upper box 65 gone out to speed change gear 6 is outer and passes through a power transmission shaft 66 and is connected with described second conveying roller 32.
As shown in Fig. 7~13, a described axle 616 is sequentially provided with an axle gear wheel 617 and the little gear of an axle 619, Two axle little gear 613 balladeur train 618 2 axle gear wheel 6110 and reverse gears 6111 it are sequentially provided with on described two axles 614, The wherein said two little gears of axle 613 and the two equal empty sets of axle gear wheel 6110, on described two axles 614, do not rotate with two axles 614, Described balladeur train 618 can move on two axles 614 and can be chimeric with the described two little gears of axle 613 and two axle gear wheels 6110, A described axle gear wheel 617 engages with the described two little gears of axle 613, a described little gear of axle 619 and described two axle gear wheels 6110 engagements, are provided with anti-tooth shaft gear 6112 on described anti-tooth axle 651, reverse gear on two axles 614 6111 with described instead Tooth shaft gear 6112 engages, and is sequentially provided with the first gear 611 and the second gear 6113, wherein such as Fig. 9 institute on transition axis 612 Showing, an axle gear wheel 617 engages with described first gear 611.As it is shown in fig. 7, be provided with handle 64 umbrella tooth on speed change gear 6 Box 62 and guard shield 63, described handle 64 is used for stirring described balladeur train 618 and moves, described driving bevel gear 76 and driven umbrella tooth Wheel 615 is arranged in described umbrella tooth box 62, and guard shield 63 is arranged on the upside of handle 64.
As depicted in figures 8-13, when described balladeur train 618 is chimeric with the described two little gears of axle 613, an axle 616 is successively Driving two axles 614 to rotate by the transmission of axle gear wheel 617, a two little gear of axle 613 and balladeur train 618, two axles 614 depend on Secondary driving anti-tooth axle 651 to rotate by reverse gear 6111 and anti-tooth shaft gear 6112 transmission, now speed change gear 6 is in fast shelves Position, although now the little gear of axle 619 on an axle 616 engages with two axle gear wheels 6110 on two axles 614, but due to two axles Gear wheel 6110 empty set on described two axles 614, do not rotate with two axles 614 and can only be in rotation;
Position between the second gear 6113 that balladeur train 618 moves to the two little gears of axle 613 and transition axis 612 Time, speed change gear 6 is in the first neutral position;
When balladeur train 618 engages with the second gear 6113 on transition axis 612, it is big that an axle 616 passes sequentially through an axle Gear the 617, first gear the 611, second gear 6113 and balladeur train 618 drive two axles 614 to invert, two axles 614 and then pass through Reverse gear 6111 and anti-tooth shaft gear 6112 drive anti-tooth axle 651 to rotate, and now speed change gear 6 is in anti-gear;
When balladeur train 618 moves to position between described second gear 6113 and two axle gear wheels 6110, speed change Device 6 is in the second neutral position.
When balladeur train 618 engages with described two axle gear wheels 6110, an axle 616 is by the little gear of axle 619, two axle Gear wheel 6110 and balladeur train 618 drive two axles 614 to rotate, two axles 614 and then by reverse gear 6111 and anti-tooth axle tooth The wheel 6112 anti-tooth axle 651 of drive rotates, and speed change gear 6 is in slow gear, and now the two little gears of axle 613 and transition axis 612 dally.
This utility model arranges multiple gear in speed change gear 6, and wherein " fast, slow " gear is provided to and drawing-in device 3 work efficiency couplings, by gear of regulating the speed, it is possible to achieve the length change of biomass processing, in hoisting machine entirety work While making efficiency, using the most flexible, " anti-shelves " design is mainly easy to can be the most anti-when " suppressing car " occurs in drawing-in device 3 Turn the material returned, hoisting machine safety coefficient.
Described main shaft assembly 7 includes that main shaft 75 and cutting mechanism, described cutting mechanism are arranged on described main shaft 75, described Main shaft 75 one end is provided with the driving bevel gear 76 being connected with described speed change gear 6, the other end of described main shaft 75 and driving means 2 Being connected, described main shaft assembly 7 can be " an axle single speed " structure, it is also possible to for " an axle double speed " structure, described cutting mechanism can To arrange the cutting member such as moving knife 74, hammer leaf 77.
As shown in Fig. 3 and Figure 14, when described main shaft assembly 7 is dynamic for being provided only with in " an axle single speed " structure and cutting mechanism During cutter 74, described cutting mechanism includes cutterhead 73, moving knife 74, jackscrew group 71 and bolt group, and moving knife 74 is along cutterhead 73 circumferencial direction Uniform, cutterhead 73 is provided with jackscrew group 71 and bolt group, moving knife 74 is fixed on cutterhead 73 by bolt group 77, each jackscrew Jackscrew in group 71 and corresponding moving knife 74 offset to adjust moving knife 74 angle of inclination, and described main shaft 75 is supported by bearing block 72 Being arranged in operating room 4, operating room 4 and base 1 are collectively forming one and close space, and described driving means 2 includes motor and skin Tape handler, the driven pulley 21 in described belt gear is arranged on described main shaft 75, and described main shaft 75 is by electricity Machine drives and rotates, and then drives cutting mechanism to rotate, and main shaft assembly 7 rotates the eddy current wind formed by biomass feed by discharging Mouth blowout operating room 4.
As shown in Figure 15~16, when on the cutterhead 73 that described main shaft assembly 7 is " an axle single speed " structure and cutting mechanism Be provided with moving knife 74 be additionally provided with simultaneously hammer leaf 77 or other auxiliary cutting member 8 time, described cutting mechanism includes cutterhead 73, moving knife 74, jackscrew group 71, bolt group and bearing pin 78, moving knife 74 is uniform along cutterhead 73 circumferencial direction, and moving knife 74 is fixed by bolt group 77 On cutterhead 73 and by jackscrew group 71, adjust angle of inclination, the cutterhead 73 between two moving knife 74 of arbitrary neighborhood is all provided with Having hammer leaf 77, described hammer leaf 77 to be arranged on described cutterhead 73 by fixed pin shaft 78, described hammer leaf 77 can also change other knot into The auxiliary cutting member of structure, biomass first pass through moving knife 74 guillotine cutting after entering operating room 4, then through hammer leaf 77 or other auxiliary cuttings Part 8 beats the biomass after pulverizing guillotine cutting.
As shown in Figure 17~18, when described main shaft assembly 7 is " an axle double speed " structure, described driving means 2 is provided with cutter Dish drive mechanism and hammer leaf drive mechanism, it is described interior that described main shaft 75 includes that internal axle sleeve and outer shaft, described outer shaft are sheathed on On axle sleeve, described cutting mechanism includes cutterhead assembly and hammer leaf assembly, described cutterhead assembly and hammer leaf assembly respectively with described master Not coaxial sleeve on axle 75 is connected, and described cutterhead assembly is rotated by cutterhead drive mechanism, and described hammer leaf assembly is by hammer Sheet drive mechanism is rotated.Described cutterhead assembly includes cutterhead 73 and moving knife 74, and moving knife 74 is equal along cutterhead 73 circumferencial direction Cloth, described hammer leaf assembly includes hammer leaf 77 and hammer leaf frame 79, and hammer leaf 77 is arranged on hammer leaf frame 79 by fixed pin shaft 78, described Cutterhead 73 and hammer leaf frame 79 are connected with the not coaxial sleeve on main shaft 75 respectively, and described cutterhead drive mechanism and hammer leaf drive mechanism are equal For pulley transmission mechanism, described power source is biphase two-pole machine or diesel engine, is provided with two on the output shaft of power source Drivewheel, the driven pulley on the driven pulley of cutterhead drive mechanism and hammer leaf drive mechanism is separately mounted to described main shaft 75 On different axle sleeves, owing to belt wheel transmission ratio varies in size, form two kinds of different rotating speeds of cutterhead 73 and hammer leaf frame 79, namely " an axle double speed ", described power source is it can also be provided that two, and individually band movable knife disc 73 and hammer leaf frame 79 rotate.
As shown in Figure 19~20, beat rub effect to further enhance biomass, can also on described main shaft 75 Multiple hammer leaf frame 79 is set, thus is equivalent to arrange many group hammer leaves 77 for beating the biomass after rubbing guillotine cutting.
As shown in Fig. 1~2, operating room 4 of the present utility model is provided with three discharging openings, is disposed on respectively in operating room 4 Side top discharge mouth 5, be arranged at the middle discharging opening 51 of operating room 4 one middle side part and be arranged at the lower discharge port on the downside of operating room 4 52, three discharging openings can select to use according to the dry and wet situation of biomass and lift demand, and wherein biomass are through moving knife 74 After hand hay cutter is cut into chunks, then beating through the high speed rotating of hammer leaf 77, biomass become pulverizing or thread, the now life after processing Material is blown out by lower discharge port 52.For the guillotine cutting of dry biomass is pulverized, as required can be only through cutterhead assembly 25 Hand hay cutter cut into chunks, it is also possible to after guillotine cutting, high speed through hammer leaf assembly 24 is beaten again, but now beats simply to dry biomass Segmentation further, due to the light weight of dry biomass own, can be blown out by top discharge mouth 5.For blue or green biomass or moisture content relatively For big biomass, after moving knife 74 hand hay cutter is cut into chunks, then beaten at a high speed by hammer leaf 77, some water of centrifugal force separate can be relied on Point, alleviate weight own, in order to reach lift effect, can be blown out by middle discharging opening 6.It addition, in each discharging opening and work The connecting portion of room 4 is provided with the dividing plate that can pull and push, and can turn back to dividing plate when not needed block corresponding discharging opening.
Operation principle of the present utility model:
This utility model can realize the careful broken guillotine cutting of biomass, rubs guillotine cutting and crush roughly guillotine cutting.
Careful broken guillotine cutting process:
Biomass, under the effect that two conveying rollers rotate against clamping force, are extruded with the article shaped of some strength Material, described molding materials, when auxiliary cutting roller 39, under the turning effort of described auxiliary cutting roller 39, breaks molding materials It is broken into irregular sections, then relies on the rotary thrust effect of auxiliary cutting roller 39, irregular sections is sent into operating room 4 In, moving knife 74 guillotine cutting on main shaft assembly 7, the regular cut-out completing biomass processes.During whole service, once Biomass enter too much, and the second conveying roller 32 relies on the drive of conveying roller elevating bracket 36, and the shifting chute along support moves, and make the Distance between two conveying rollers 32 and the first conveying roller 31 increases, but the displacement of the second conveying roller 32 is by auxiliary cutting roller 39 Work efficiency limits, and this regulates restriction by adjusting bolt 37 and compression spring 38.When biomass enter too much, and auxiliary is cut Cut roller 39 cannot carry out rapidly broken taking away biomass, cause and squeezed into input by the first conveying roller 31 and the second conveying roller 32 Biomass are stuck in before auxiliary cutting roller 39, and stop going successively to of subsequent bio matter, play a protective role.
Rub guillotine cutting process:
Biomass to be realized rub guillotine cutting, need to screw off adjustment bolt 37, take out compression spring 38, unload help roll liter Fall seat, then changes the auxiliary cutting roller 39 (the auxiliary cutting roller 39 of such as band hammer leaf) that can be used for tear.During mechanism's work, raw Material is also to be advanced to assist cutting roller 39 under the first conveying roller 31 and the second conveying rod 32 rotary squeezing effect, cuts in auxiliary Cut under the high speed rotating effect of roller 39, biomass become irregular thread, under rotating force, then advance operating room, In moving knife 74 guillotine cutting on main shaft assembly 7, the cut-out completing biomass processes.Now, help roll elevating bracket also it is dependent on On compression spring 38 regulate restriction biomass charging quantity.
Rough broken guillotine cutting process:
Before operation element, first the rotation whole bolt of promoting or transferring 37 is to certain position, makes compression spring 38 return to original tension force, Reduce the compression spring 38 complete elastic force to help roll elevating bracket, thus can ensure that auxiliary cutting roller 39 has certain upper Move space, make the driven gear 310 on described auxiliary cutting roller 39 depart from the driving gear 311 on the first conveying roller 31, complete Entirely lose passive revolving force.
Owing to the profile of tooth on the second conveying rod 32 and the first conveying roller 31 is staggered, when biomass are at the first conveying roller 31 and the Under the turning efforts of two conveying rods 32, biomass are just compressed in staggered profile of tooth, thus the squeeze crack entirety of biomass, by In the first conveying roller 31 and squeeze crack effect of the second conveying roller 32, biomass are made to become unordered reach, auxiliary cutting roller now 39 just act in biomass by self gravitation under the effect of biomass reach motive force, it is ensured that be advanced into before biomass are smooth Operating room, then in moving knife 74 guillotine cutting on main shaft assembly 7, the cut-out completing biomass processes.

Claims (10)

1. biomass crush cutting machine, it is characterised in that: include driving means (2), drawing-in device (3), operating room (4) and Main shaft assembly (7), described driving means (2), drawing-in device (3) and main shaft assembly (7) may be contained within operating room (4), biological Matter is entered in described operating room (4) and by described main shaft assembly (7) rotational shear, described main shaft assembly by drawing-in device (3) (7) drive rotation by described driving means (2), described operating room (4) are provided with discharging opening;In described drawing-in device (3) In be provided with conveying mechanism and auxiliary cutting mechanism, biomass enter drawing-in device (3) be conveyed into by described conveying mechanism afterwards In auxiliary cutting mechanism.
Biomass the most according to claim 1 crush cutting machine, it is characterised in that: the conveying in described drawing-in device (3) Mechanism is provided with conveying roller, and the auxiliary cutting mechanism in described drawing-in device (3) is provided with auxiliary cutting roller (39), in operating room (4) Being provided with speed change gear (6), described main shaft assembly (7) is by described speed change gear (6) and the conveying in described drawing-in device (3) Roller is connected, and described auxiliary cutting roller (39) is rotated by conveying roller.
Biomass the most according to claim 2 crush cutting machine, it is characterised in that: described speed change gear is provided with one in (6) Axle (616) two axle (614) transition axis (612) and anti-tooth axle (651), wherein an axle (616) is by gear engagement and two axles (614) being connected, two axles (614) are connected with described transition axis (612) and anti-tooth axle (651) by gear engagement respectively, described master One end of axle assembly (7) is provided with driving bevel gear (76), and a described axle (616) is provided with engages with described driving bevel gear (76) Driven bevel pinion (615), the conveying mechanism in described drawing-in device (3) is provided with the first conveying roller (31) and the second conveying roller (32), described two axles (614) are connected with described first conveying roller (31), described anti-tooth axle (651) and described second conveying roller (32) it is connected.
Biomass the most according to claim 3 crush cutting machine, it is characterised in that: set successively on a described axle (616) There are an axle gear wheel (617) and the little gear of an axle (619), described two axles (614) are sequentially provided with the little gear of two axle (613) Balladeur train (618) two axle gear wheel (6110) and reverse gear (6111), the little gear of wherein said two axle (613) and two axles Gear wheel (6110) all empty sets are on described two axles (614), and described balladeur train (618) is movably arranged at described two axles (614), on, a described axle gear wheel (617) engages with the little gear of described two axle (613), the little gear of a described axle (619) and institute State two axle gear wheel (6110) engagements, described anti-tooth axle (651) is provided with anti-tooth shaft gear (6112), on two axles (614) Reverse gear (6111) engages with described anti-tooth shaft gear (6112), is sequentially provided with the first gear (611) on transition axis (612) With the second gear (6113), an axle gear wheel (617) engages with described first gear (611);Described balladeur train (618) with When the little gear of described two axle (613) is fitted together to, described speed change gear (6) is in fast shelves, described balladeur train (618) and described second During gear (6113) engagement, described speed change gear (6) is in anti-shelves, described balladeur train (618) and described two axle gear wheels (6110), during engagement, described speed change gear (6) is in slow shelves.
Biomass the most according to claim 2 crush cutting machine, it is characterised in that: described conveying mechanism is provided with fixing One conveying roller (31) and liftable second conveying roller (32), described auxiliary cutting mechanism is provided with adjustable for height auxiliary cutting roller (39), the axle head of described first conveying roller (31) is provided with driving gear (311), the axle head of described auxiliary cutting roller (39) be provided with from Moving gear (310), described driving gear (311) engages with described driven gear (310), and described driven gear (310) passes through Described auxiliary cutting roller (39) adjusts and climbs away described driving gear (311).
Biomass the most according to claim 5 crush cutting machine, it is characterised in that: described drawing-in device (3) is provided with support, Described conveying mechanism and auxiliary cutting mechanism may be contained within described support, and wherein said conveying mechanism is provided with conveying roller elevating bracket (36), crossbeam and connection spring, described first conveying roller (31) is arranged on the downside of the input of described support, described support defeated Entering and be provided with conveying roller elevating bracket (36) on the upside of end, described second conveying roller (32) is arranged on described conveying roller elevating bracket (36), Being arranged over crossbeam described conveying roller elevating bracket (36), described conveying roller elevating bracket (36) is by connecting spring and described crossbeam It is connected;
Described auxiliary cutting mechanism is provided with help roll elevating bracket, adjusts bolt (37) and compression spring (38), at described support Outfan is provided with help roll elevating bracket, and described help roll elevating bracket two ends are arranged on described support by adjustment bolt (37) respectively Two side plates on, described auxiliary cutting roller (39) is arranged on described help roll elevating bracket, on each adjustment bolt (37) All it is arranged with compression spring (38), the most uniform auxiliary cutting member (8) on described auxiliary cutting roller (39).
Biomass the most according to claim 6 crush cutting machine, it is characterised in that: described first conveying roller (31) and second The auxiliary cutting member (8) being equipped with in auxiliary cutting member (8), and different conveying roller on conveying roller (32) is crisscross arranged;Described Auxiliary cutting roller (39) lower section is provided with the fixed roll of band auxiliary cutting member (8), and on described auxiliary cutting roller (39) and fixed roll Auxiliary cutting member (8) be crisscross arranged.
Biomass the most according to claim 1 crush cutting machine, it is characterised in that: described main shaft assembly (7) includes main shaft And cutting mechanism (75), described cutting mechanism is provided with cutterhead (73), and described cutterhead (73) is arranged on described main shaft (75), Described cutterhead (73) is provided with moving knife (74), or is provided with two of moving knife (74) and arbitrary neighborhood on described cutterhead (73) Auxiliary cutting member (8) it is provided with between moving knife (74).
Biomass the most according to claim 1 crush cutting machine, it is characterised in that: described driving means (2) is provided with cutterhead Drive mechanism and hammer leaf drive mechanism, described main shaft assembly (7) includes main shaft (75) and cutting mechanism, and described cutting mechanism includes Cutterhead assembly and hammer leaf assembly, described main shaft (75) includes that internal axle sleeve and outer shaft, described outer shaft are sheathed on described internal axle sleeve On, described cutterhead assembly and hammer leaf assembly are connected with the not coaxial sleeve on described main shaft (75) respectively, and described cutterhead assembly passes through Cutterhead drive mechanism is rotated, and described hammer leaf assembly is rotated by hammer leaf drive mechanism.
Biomass the most according to claim 1 crush cutting machine, it is characterised in that: described operating room (4) are provided with three and go out Material mouth, is disposed on the top discharge mouth (5) of top, operating room (4) respectively, is arranged at the middle discharging opening of operating room (4) middle side part (51) and be arranged at operating room (4) downside lower discharge port (52).
CN201620422322.XU 2016-05-11 2016-05-11 A kind of biomass crush cutting machine Withdrawn - After Issue CN205761545U (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105797822A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-07-27 马千茹 Biomass crushing cut-off machine

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105797822A (en) * 2016-05-11 2016-07-27 马千茹 Biomass crushing cut-off machine

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