CN105746235A - Sunlight greenhouse adaptive to climates of south of China - Google Patents

Sunlight greenhouse adaptive to climates of south of China Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105746235A
CN105746235A CN201610133265.8A CN201610133265A CN105746235A CN 105746235 A CN105746235 A CN 105746235A CN 201610133265 A CN201610133265 A CN 201610133265A CN 105746235 A CN105746235 A CN 105746235A
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China
Prior art keywords
greenhouse
awning
heliogreenhouse
window
bow member
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Granted
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CN201610133265.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105746235B (en
Inventor
吴炳龙
程文亮
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LISHUI INSTITUTE OF AGRICULTURE SCIENCE
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Individual
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/14Greenhouses
    • A01G9/1438Covering materials therefor; Materials for protective coverings used for soil and plants, e.g. films, canopies, tunnels or cloches
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/241Arrangement of opening or closing systems for windows and ventilation panels
    • A01G9/242Arrangement of opening or closing systems for windows and ventilation panels for greenhouses with flexible coverings
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/24Devices or systems for heating, ventilating, regulating temperature, illuminating, or watering, in greenhouses, forcing-frames, or the like
    • A01G9/246Air-conditioning systems
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor

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  • Life Sciences & Earth Sciences (AREA)
  • Environmental Sciences (AREA)
  • Chemical & Material Sciences (AREA)
  • Engineering & Computer Science (AREA)
  • Materials Engineering (AREA)
  • Soil Sciences (AREA)
  • Greenhouses (AREA)

Abstract

The invention discloses a sunlight greenhouse adaptive to climates of south of China. The sunlight greenhouse is composed of an arc-shaped arch frame, a plastic thin film covering the arch frame, a heat-insulation quilt, a ventilation window, a canopy mounted at the top of the arch frame and heat-insulation walls arranged at the base part, and is characterized in that one ventilation window is designed at the top of the arch frame; a reversed herringbone canopy is mounted at the top of the ventilation window; a corner for storing the heat-insulation quilt is formed by crossing a supporting rod of the canopy and the arch frame; and the fixed low heat-insulation walls are built on four sides of the base part of the arch frame. With the adoption of the sunlight greenhouse, a series of problems caused by the fact that heat-insulation walls of a previous sunlight greenhouse in the south of China need to be mounted and dismounted each year are solved; and the heat-insulation performance of the greenhouse is improved, and the ventilation, cooling and moisture-reduction capabilities of the greenhouse are enhanced. Therefore, when the sunlight greenhouse is used in the south of China, the temperature in the greenhouse is in a temperature range suitable for growth of warm-season crops to the greatest extent, so that the growth of the crops is facilitated, and the relatively high yield and relatively great economic benefits are obtained.

Description

A kind of heliogreenhouse adapting to southern climates
Technical field
The present invention relates to and make the facility producing the crops such as vegetable (flowers), refer more particularly to a kind of southern area that is applicable to and produce the heliogreenhouse of vegetable (flowers).
Background technology
Heliogreenhouse is popularized in an all-round way in northern China, in practice it has proved that it is that one can significantly improve crop yield, improves crop quality, significantly improves the facility of economic benefit and land productivity.But, it is transplanted to south, but can not be successful.Analyze its reason: one is that the strong and aeration-cooling ability of Greenhouse in North insulating power is weak;Two is that south temperature is high.Even if in the winter time, meeting fine warm weather, the temperature in greenhouse also can be raised to 35 degree even more than 40 degree because aeration-cooling ability is weak, thus having a strong impact on the growth of crop, says nothing of in other seasons.For this situation, I devises a kind of heliogreenhouse (utility model patent: patent No. ZL2006.20106758.4) this heliogreenhouse adapting to southern climates feature, all similar with Greenhouse in North in profile, structure and construction principle.It is characterized in that: an ability aeration-cooling in order to strengthen heliogreenhouse, on east, greenhouse, west insulated wall, be designed with vent window in domatic lower end, slope, south;Two, Jiang Dong, west, direction, north three insulated wall by fixing change over demountable.In the season that need not be incubated, insulated wall is dismantled, improves the aeration-cooling performance of heliogreenhouse further.This heliogreenhouse solves the problem that the aeration-cooling ability of Greenhouse in North is weak preferably, although heat-insulating property is not so good as Greenhouse in North, but can guarantee that in whole winter, happiness temperature crop in heliogreenhouse is not by freeze injury, at energy normal growth of most time, thus obtaining higher yield and bigger economic benefit.In the test of 2 years, also demonstrate that this point.
But in extension process, it has been found that there is serious problem in this heliogreenhouse.Namely insulated wall will mount and dismount every year, needs several labour force every time, and this, in the higher Zhejiang of labor cost, is a no small spending;Although adding the material weight such as insulated wall not weigh, but enlarged volume, the insulation material in one mu of greenhouse disassembles the room needing 30 50 square metres or place and stacks, and owing to insulation material subjects to the plague of rats, too increases the difficulty deposited.This difficult problem makes the popularization of south heliogreenhouse to carry out.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to ensure that southern type heliogreenhouse heat-insulating property and aeration-cooling performance in whole winter increases on the original basis, can solve again annual because mounting and dismounting the series of problems that insulated wall brings, thus promoting heliogreenhouse in the popularization and application of south China.
Technical scheme:
It is an object of the invention to be reached by following measure: a kind of heliogreenhouse adapting to southern climates, it is made up of the insulated wall of arc bow member, the plastic sheeting being covered on bow member, insulation quilt, vent window and the awning and base portion that are arranged on bow member top, it is characterized in that: be mounted with a vent window at bow member top, be mounted with a upsiloid awning at the top of vent window;Intersect, at awning strut and bow member, the corner that can take shelter from rain formed and lay insulation quilt;Base portion surrounding at bow member builds fixing insulated wall, and north in the south in greenhouse is mounted on dismountable bilayer film.
The described vent window being located at bow member top, in awning strut, draw-in groove is fixed on the arch bar of strut forms a window frame with fixture or screw, by isometric to a block length and greenhouse, the slightly longer multifunctional membrane one end jump ring of width ratio window frame is fixed on the west of window frame, the other end is fixed on curtain rolling shaft, one end of curtain rolling shaft and screen-roller are connected, roll by rotating screen-roller control fenestrated membrane or launch, vent window lower end is provided with cross bar, fasten on strut with U-shaped, which is provided with black and white thin film, one end of black and white thin film is fixed in the draw-in groove of vent window side, the other end is fixed on curtain rolling shaft, one end of curtain rolling shaft and screen-roller are connected, control to rotate screen-roller just to be rolled by fenestrated membrane or launch, form second window.
Described awning is made up of one group of group awning support, draw-in groove, fixture, jump ring and canopy film, often group awning support is made up of the pull bar of two struts and an arc, article two, a pressing plate with U-shaped of strut and screw are fixed on the pull bar of column or column jointly, other end is connected with two of arc pull bar respectively, the centre of strut is intersected with the arch bar in greenhouse respectively, intersection U-shaped fastens together, forms a upsiloid awning.
Described heliogreenhouse is formed around insulated wall, insulated wall is made up of three layers, nexine is light-weight brick or porous heat-insulating brick, middle one layer is polyurethane foam insulation plate, outer layer is the perpendicular common brick built or black and white film, and wherein the insulated wall height of positive apparent direction and left and right apparent direction is lower than the insulated wall of rear apparent direction.
Owing to original design demountable insulated wall is changed over short fixing insulated wall by the present invention, thus solving former heliogreenhouse will mount and dismount the series of problems that insulated wall brings every year, turn avoid Greenhouse in North because of a difficult problem for tall and big the brought improper ventilation of fixing insulated wall.
Fixing insulated wall can absorb and store the energy of sunlight daytime, and the solar energy that releasable daytime at night stores, insulated wall can also stop the exchange of surface temperature and topsoil heat inside and outside greenhouse, thus improve the heat-insulating property in greenhouse;Through the observation in one winter of this year, the heat-insulating property in greenhouse is really significantly improved.On January 25th, 2016, the strongest cold current attacked since experience has meteorological record, and when the outdoor lowest temperature reaches subzero 9.5 degree, the lowest temperature in this greenhouse remains at more than 1 degree, and indoor Fructus Lycopersici esculenti is safe and sound.And the Fructus Lycopersici esculenti in the beam-connected greenhouse of adjacent 60 meters, cover though separately adding middle canopy, and light a fire in the middle of booth and heat, canopy Nei Nan in result, two, north Fructus Lycopersici esculenti suffer from freeze injury, plant part is freezed to death.
Rise according to hot-air, the principle that cold air declines, in the season needing insulation, open the vent window of top of greenhouse, it is easy to drained by the hot-air in greenhouse, thus strengthening greenhouse ventilation temperature reduction performance;And simultaneously cold air need to enter greenhouse through top portion ventilation window, in infall process constantly and around hot-air carry out the exchange of heat, improve the temperature of self, relaxed cold air to the issuable harmful effect of crop;And in the season that need not be incubated, the vent window of the vent window of both sides, greenhouse and top can be opened simultaneously, owing to the height of both sides vent window and top vent window differs three meters, produce " chimney " effect, accelerate the flowing of temperature room air, strengthen the ability of greenhouse ventilation cooling.
Awning can guarantee that, in the rainy day, top vent window also can be opened.Overcast and rainy continuously, top vent window opens the flowing accelerating temperature room air, hence it is evident that reduce the relative humidity in greenhouse, be conducive to alleviating or avoiding generation and the harm of disease.
Above-mentioned advantage can at utmost ensure that this heliogreenhouse is when south is applied, and the temperature in greenhouse, in the temperature range of happiness temperature crop suitable growth, promotes plant growth, to obtain higher yield and bigger economic benefit.
Accompanying drawing illustrates:
Fig. 1 is longitudinal section figure of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the schematic side view of the present invention;
Fig. 3 is skylight of the present invention and awning structural representation.
Detailed description of the invention
Such as Fig. 1, being four meters by spacing and set up a root post 1, column 1 one end nut is fixed on the screw rod buried in advance in the ground, and the other end is connected integral with longitudinal tie 112.
With the interior wall of the brick insulated wall 3 of light-weight insulating brick or porous thermal insulating, east, south, three, west insulated wall 3 are highly 60 centimetres on the ground, and subterranean depth is 30 centimetres;North insulated wall 3 height on the ground is 200 centimetres, and subterranean depth is 30 centimetres.
Such as Fig. 2, being fixed on column 1 or longitudinal tie 112 by the one of two struts 4, the angle of strut 4 keeps 90 degree, and other end links together with two screw of arc pull bar 115 respectively, forms one group of awning support.Fill one group of awning support every a meter ampere, then with fixture and screw, draw-in groove is fixed on the arc pull bar 115 of each group, awning support is linked into an integrated entity, canopy film 6 is fixed in draw-in groove, just constitute an awning.
One end of two arch bars 7 is close to the outside of thermal insulation inner-wall respectively, and the other end is connected with each other, and just forms one group of bow member.Fill one group of bow member every a meter ampere, bow member and awning strut 4 intersection U-shaped are fastened, makes bow member and awning link into an integrated entity.
Such as Fig. 3, in bow member both sides, liftoff high 60 centimetres, 180 centimeters, with fixture, draw-in groove and arch bar 7 are linked together, just form two side vent window 8a window frames.Fenestrated membrane one end is fixed on the upper end of window frame, and the other end is fixed on curtain rolling shaft 9a, and curtain rolling shaft 9a one end connects screen-roller 10a, just two side vent window 8a of composition.
With fixture, draw-in groove is fixed on the arch bar 7 inside awning strut 4, the window frame of composition top vent window 8b, by isometric to a block length and greenhouse, multifunctional membrane one end jump ring of width ratio window frame slightly longer (long 20 centimetres) is fixed on the west of window frame, the other end is fixed on curtain rolling shaft 9b, one end (the North) of curtain rolling shaft 9b and screen-roller 10b are connected, and form top vent window 8b.For strengthening the heat-insulating property of top vent window 8b, below cross bar 17 is fastened with U-shaped on strut 4 at vent window, one length is slightly less than greenhouse length, width black and white film one end slightly larger than top vent window 8b is fixed in top vent window 8b draw-in groove in the east, the other end is fixed on curtain rolling shaft 9c, one end (the North) of curtain rolling shaft 9c and screen-roller 10c are connected, and just by rotating screen-roller 10c can be rolled by fenestrated membrane or launch, form second window of top vent window 8b.
At greenhouse width 1/4 and 3/4 place, with alligator clamp and fixture, pull bar 11 and all of arch bar 7 of bow member are fixed, and link into an integrated entity.
Such as Fig. 2, by the drag link 12 in greenhouse, back(ing) bar, hound 4 fixture or screw are installed fixing.
In order to ensure that top vent window 8b can switch freely on the window face of arc, it is necessary to be fixed on curtain rolling shaft by the one of cord, the other end, through the pull bar 11 of bow member, hangs a weight (preferably the sand pocket of 2 2.5 kilograms) in liftoff 10 centimeters.Such cord fills one every 46 meter amperes.
The cystosepiment in insulated wall 3 intermediate layer and outer layer brick on end wall or black and white film are installed.
With self-tapping screw, draw-in groove is fixed on the frame at two ends, greenhouse.
In the season needing insulation, second tunic at two ends, north and south is loaded onto.South, the second tunic 15 upper end, north are fixed on the bow member of north and south end, and lower end in the south is fixed in the soil of 350 centimetres away from insulated wall be.Lower end, north is fixed in the draw-in groove on insulated wall 3 exterior wall of north.Insulation quilt 16 can also be hung, to strengthen heat insulation effect in the middle of the North duplicature.Being closed by both sides vent window 8a, greenhouse ventilation cooling relies primarily on the size opening top vent window 8b and regulates simultaneously.Night then by covering and heat insulating by 16, the duplicature at insulated wall 3 and two ends, north and south is incubated.
In the season that need not be incubated, first the second tunic of north and south end is disassembled, insulation quilt 16 is rolled, be placed on awning strut 4 and bow member intersect formed corner.Then the vent window of both sides is opened as required.Owing to the vent window height on both sides and top differs nearly three meters, just can produce " stack effect ", quickly the hot-air in greenhouse is discharged, make the temperature in greenhouse quickly decline, " heat island " phenomenon that common booth is formed because hot-air is deposited in shed top occurs never again.Aeration-cooling ability is substantially better than common booth.
The weather of a run of wet weather, screening with awning, the vent window on top can be opened at any time, accelerate the flowing of temperature room air, discharge dampness, reduce the relative humidity in greenhouse, be conducive to alleviating or avoiding generation and the harm of disease.

Claims (4)

1. the heliogreenhouse adapting to southern climates, it is made up of the insulated wall of arc bow member, the black and white thin film being covered on bow member, insulation quilt, vent window and the awning and base portion that are arranged on bow member top, it is characterized in that: be provided with top portion ventilation window at bow member top, a upsiloid awning is installed on the top of top portion ventilation window;Intersect, at awning strut and bow member, the corner that can take shelter from rain formed and lay insulation quilt;Base portion at bow member is formed around insulated wall, is mounted on dismountable bilayer film in the side, front and back of heliogreenhouse.
2. heliogreenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: described top portion ventilation window, in awning strut, draw-in groove is fixed on the arch bar of strut forms a window frame with fixture or screw, by isometric to a block length and greenhouse, the slightly longer multifunctional membrane one end jump ring of width ratio window frame is fixed on the west of window frame, the other end is fixed on curtain rolling shaft, one end of curtain rolling shaft and screen-roller are connected, roll by rotating screen-roller control fenestrated membrane or launch, vent window lower end is provided with cross bar, fasten on strut with U-shaped, which is provided with black and white thin film, one end of black and white thin film is fixed in the draw-in groove of vent window side, the other end is fixed on curtain rolling shaft, one end of curtain rolling shaft and screen-roller are connected, control to rotate screen-roller just to be rolled by fenestrated membrane or launch, form second window.
3. heliogreenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: the awning being located at bow member top is made up of one group of group awning support, draw-in groove, fixture, jump ring and canopy film, often group awning support is made up of the pull bar of two struts and an arc, article two, a pressing plate with U-shaped of strut and screw are fixed on the pull bar of column or column jointly, other end is connected with two of arc pull bar respectively, the centre of strut is intersected with the arch bar in greenhouse respectively, intersection U-shaped fastens together, forms the awning of a form of falling herringbone.
4. heliogreenhouse according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: heliogreenhouse be formed around insulated wall, insulated wall is made up of three layers, nexine is light-weight brick or porous heat-insulating brick, middle one layer is polyurethane foam insulation plate, outer layer is the insulated wall erecting the common brick built or black and white film, the positive apparent direction of heliogreenhouse and the insulated wall height of left and right apparent direction lower than rear apparent direction.
CN201610133265.8A 2016-03-05 2016-03-05 A kind of heliogreenhouse adapting to southern climates Active CN105746235B (en)

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107950256A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-04-24 刘冰雨 The positive ridge displacement ventilation of greenhouse
CN109548525A (en) * 2018-11-24 2019-04-02 衡阳市富农科技有机农产品供销专业合作社 A kind of greenhouse suitable in south plantation winter jujube
CN111296127A (en) * 2020-03-06 2020-06-19 黑革萝(上海)贸易有限公司 Plastic greenhouse structure
CN114097482A (en) * 2021-11-03 2022-03-01 山东艾维农业科技有限公司 Passive sunlight greenhouse
CN114278108A (en) * 2021-12-21 2022-04-05 上海建工四建集团有限公司 Construction elevator canopy and construction method
CN115053724A (en) * 2022-06-24 2022-09-16 新疆农业科学院核技术生物技术研究所(新疆维吾尔自治区生物技术研究中心) Special greenhouse for large-space cherries

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CN202979785U (en) * 2012-09-11 2013-06-12 海口润成农业有限公司 Cooling rain-proof wind-resistant energy-saving greenhouse
WO2013131203A1 (en) * 2012-03-05 2013-09-12 向阳优能电力股份有限公司 Greenhouse canopy frame structure capable of modularizing solar facility
CN203387995U (en) * 2013-08-05 2014-01-15 杨剑锋 Sunlight greenhouse
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CN204707584U (en) * 2015-05-04 2015-10-21 佛山市农业科学研究所 A kind of practical simple seedling raising greenhouse
CN204762482U (en) * 2015-06-17 2015-11-18 四川省农业科学院服务中心 Planting big -arch shelter that has regulation and control function to temperature and humidity
CN204796337U (en) * 2015-06-18 2015-11-25 王清祥 Two membrane negative and positive canopy sunlight greenhouse of steel construction
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CN2455063Y (en) * 2001-01-08 2001-10-24 深圳市绿鹏农业设施工程技术有限公司 Combined greenhouse for cultivating plants
CN200994314Y (en) * 2006-08-11 2007-12-26 吴炳龙 Sunlight greenhouse for adapting south climate
WO2013131203A1 (en) * 2012-03-05 2013-09-12 向阳优能电力股份有限公司 Greenhouse canopy frame structure capable of modularizing solar facility
CN202979785U (en) * 2012-09-11 2013-06-12 海口润成农业有限公司 Cooling rain-proof wind-resistant energy-saving greenhouse
CN203387995U (en) * 2013-08-05 2014-01-15 杨剑锋 Sunlight greenhouse
CN203446289U (en) * 2013-08-06 2014-02-26 山东寿光蔬菜种业集团有限公司 Full steel frame arch greenhouse with ventilation holes formed overhead
CN203482684U (en) * 2013-08-20 2014-03-19 苏州维登农业有限公司 Rainproof and windproof greenhouse top window structure
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CN204707584U (en) * 2015-05-04 2015-10-21 佛山市农业科学研究所 A kind of practical simple seedling raising greenhouse
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CN204811273U (en) * 2015-07-27 2015-12-02 中国农业大学 Automatic hold exothermal two -sided greenhouse

Cited By (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107950256A (en) * 2018-01-12 2018-04-24 刘冰雨 The positive ridge displacement ventilation of greenhouse
CN109548525A (en) * 2018-11-24 2019-04-02 衡阳市富农科技有机农产品供销专业合作社 A kind of greenhouse suitable in south plantation winter jujube
CN111296127A (en) * 2020-03-06 2020-06-19 黑革萝(上海)贸易有限公司 Plastic greenhouse structure
CN114097482A (en) * 2021-11-03 2022-03-01 山东艾维农业科技有限公司 Passive sunlight greenhouse
CN114278108A (en) * 2021-12-21 2022-04-05 上海建工四建集团有限公司 Construction elevator canopy and construction method
CN114278108B (en) * 2021-12-21 2024-04-16 上海建工四建集团有限公司 Construction lifter canopy and construction method
CN115053724A (en) * 2022-06-24 2022-09-16 新疆农业科学院核技术生物技术研究所(新疆维吾尔自治区生物技术研究中心) Special greenhouse for large-space cherries
CN115053724B (en) * 2022-06-24 2023-09-29 新疆农业科学院核技术生物技术研究所(新疆维吾尔自治区生物技术研究中心) Greenhouse special for large-space cherry

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