CN105660649B - A kind of agricultural pesticide composition and application thereof - Google Patents

A kind of agricultural pesticide composition and application thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105660649B
CN105660649B CN201610194544.5A CN201610194544A CN105660649B CN 105660649 B CN105660649 B CN 105660649B CN 201610194544 A CN201610194544 A CN 201610194544A CN 105660649 B CN105660649 B CN 105660649B
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China
Prior art keywords
agent
chlorfenapyr
present
agricultural
carrier
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CN105660649A (en
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吴华龙
徐黎婷
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Zhejiang Yulong Pharmaceutical Co ltd
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HANGZHOU UDRAGON CHEMICAL CO Ltd
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/48Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with two nitrogen atoms as the only ring hetero atoms
    • A01N43/561,2-Diazoles; Hydrogenated 1,2-diazoles
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01NPRESERVATION OF BODIES OF HUMANS OR ANIMALS OR PLANTS OR PARTS THEREOF; BIOCIDES, e.g. AS DISINFECTANTS, AS PESTICIDES OR AS HERBICIDES; PEST REPELLANTS OR ATTRACTANTS; PLANT GROWTH REGULATORS
    • A01N43/00Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds
    • A01N43/34Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom
    • A01N43/36Biocides, pest repellants or attractants, or plant growth regulators containing heterocyclic compounds having rings with one nitrogen atom as the only ring hetero atom five-membered rings

Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of Pesticidal combination containing sulphur insect amide (HY366) and chlorfenapyr and application thereof.Sulphur insect amide is with chlorfenapyr according to weight than 1~50:1~50 mixture has significant synergistic effect to preventing and treating rice leaf roller, use 10% 60%HY366 chlorfenapyr preparations, 10d reaches 85.1% 91.2% to rice leaf roller preventive effect after administration, and 20d preventive effects reach 87.4% 91.5% after administration, far above HY366 and the preventive effect of chlorfenapyr single dose.Using 10% 60%HY366 chlorfenapyr preparations, 7d reaches 84.6% 89.3% to diamondback moth preventive effect after administration, and 14d preventive effects reach 90.6% 93.4% after administration, far above HY366 and the preventive effect of chlorfenapyr single dose.It can effectively prevent and treat rice, vegetables lepidoptera pest.

Description

A kind of agricultural pesticide composition and application thereof
【Technical field】
The invention belongs to technical field of pesticide.It is more particularly it relates to a kind of containing sulphur insect amide and chlorfenapyr Pesticidal combination, further relate to the purposes of the Pesticidal combination.
【Background technology】
Lepidoptera pest is primary pest (such as diamondback moth, beet armyworm, prodenia litura, snout moth's larva, the bright and beautiful earworm of agricultural production Etc.), usually cause the significant loss of crop, seriously endanger the agricultural production in China.And in agricultural production real process, evil Worm resistance problems are an important factor for influenceing pest controling effect.Different active ingredients are carried out into compounding can expand preventing and treating spectrum With improve preventive effect, be pest resistance treatment effective measures.
Sulphur insect amide (HY366) can be combined with ryanodine receptor, cause Ca2+The out of control and loss of release, makes muscle cell Contractile function paralysis, be brand-new mechanism of action compound.Insect after chemicals treatment, which shows as feeding, to stop rapidly, is weary Power, gastric disorder causing nausea and Muscle paralysis, until dead.This insecticides insecticidal spectrum is wide, the longevity of residure is long, toxicity is low, environmentally friendly, with showing Each insecticides no interactions resistance having.Each Species of Lepidopterous Insect Pests and some coleoptera larvaes, adult can be effectively prevented and treated, also It can be used for preventing and treating the insects such as ant, termite.
Chlorfenapyr (Chlorfenapyr) also known as capillary, it is a kind of new pyrrole heterocyclic of American Cyanamid Company's exploitation Insecticide.The action target spot of chlorfenapyr is the mitochondria in insect bodies cell, and cell synthesis can be made to stop giving birth to because lacking energy Order function, after contacting pests activity die down, there is spot, color changes, and activity stops, and stupor is weak and limp, ultimately results in dead Die.There is excellent preventive effect to lepidoptera pests such as diamondback moth, beet armyworm, prodenia lituras, to other brill moths, sucking mouth parts Insect and evil mite also have preferable preventive effect.The appearance of policy and the raising of people's environmental consciousness are substituted with national high-toxic pesticide, As the representative of non-polluted farm product control of insect recommendation pesticide species, the application of the efficient chlorfenapyr of low toxicity is more and more extensive.
But there are some technological deficiencies in these prior arts, be not met by current agricultural production needs, therefore also need New efficient preventing and treating rice, the Pesticidal combination of vegetable insect disease are developed, this is for promoting agriculture large-scale development to have pole Its important meaning.
【The content of the invention】
[technical problems to be solved]
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of agricultural pesticide composition.
It is a further object to provide the purposes of the agricultural pesticide composition.
[technical scheme]
The present invention is achieved through the following technical solutions.
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural pesticide composition, it is characterised in that it is by the change with following chemical constitution formula (I)s Compound is with the compound with following chemical constitution formula (II)s according to weight than 1~50:1~50 composition:
A preferred embodiment of the invention, chemical constitution formula (I) compound and chemical constitution formula (II) chemical combination The weight ratio of thing is 10~40:8~42.
According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, chemical constitution formula (I) compound and chemical constitution formula (II) The weight ratio of compound is 18~32:16~34.
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural fungicides.Described agricultural fungicides contains by weight described in 0.5~95.0% Agricultural pesticide composition and surplus be agriculturally acceptable carrier and auxiliary agent.
A preferred embodiment of the invention, described agricultural fungicides contain by weight described in 20~70% Agricultural pesticide composition and surplus be agriculturally acceptable carrier and auxiliary agent.
According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, described agricultural fungicides contains 30~60% institute by weight The agricultural pesticide composition and surplus stated are agriculturally acceptable carrier and auxiliary agent.
According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, described agricultural fungicides is wettable powder, suspending agent, hanged The formulations such as emulsion, microemulsion, aqueous emulsion, water-dispersible granules or microcapsule suspending agent.
According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, the carrier that uses of the present invention is solid carrier or liquid-carrier, Described solid carrier is selected from silicate, carbonate, sulfate, oxide, alkali metal salt, vegetalitas carrier or synthetic filling class Carrier;Described liquid-carrier is selected from water, aromatic hydrocarbons, chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbon, aliphatic hydrocarbon, alcohols, ethers, ketone, vegetable oil, methylate plant Thing is oily or other special solvents.
According to another preferred embodiment of the present invention, described auxiliary agent is selected from surfactant, defoamer, thickening Agent, suspending agent and antifreezing agent;Described surfactant is for the surface in emulsifying agent, dispersant, stabilizer or wetting agent Activating agent;Described defoamer is selected from bubble enemy, silicone, C8~10Fatty alcohol, C10~20Saturated fatty acid or acid amides defoamer;Institute The thickener stated is selected from carboxymethyl alcohol, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl acetate, xanthans, gelatin, gum arabic, polyethylene pyrrole Pyrrolidone, Magnesiumaluminumsilicate, polyvinyl alcohol, polyethylene glycol, phenolic resin, shellac, carboxymethyl cellulose or sodium alginate;Described Suspending agent is selected from glycerine, Arabic gum, tragacanth, peach gum, methylcellulose, sodium carboxymethylcellulose or hydroxy propyl cellulose Element;Described antifreezing agent is selected from glycerine, urea, ethylene glycol or propane diols.
The invention further relates to the agricultural insecticidal composite or the agricultural insecticide in preventing and treating rice, vegetables Lepidoptera evil Purposes in worm.
The present invention is described in more detail below.
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural pesticide composition.Described agricultural pesticide composition is by with following chemical structural formulas (I) compound sulphur insect amide is with the compound chlorfenapyr with following chemical constitution formula (II)s according to weight than 1~50:1~ 50 compositions:
In Pesticidal combination of the present invention, the chemical entitled bromo- 1- of 3- (the 3- chlorine pyrroles of the chemical constitution formula (I) compound Pyridine -2- bases) (English is general for-N- [2,4- bis- chloro- 6- (isopropylamino thioformyl) phenyl] -1H- pyrazoles -5- formamides Name Thiotraniliprole) (sulphur insect amide, represented for simplicity with HY366), it is described according to CN 103130770B Method prepare.Sulphur insect amide belongs to O-formammidotiazol-benzamide insecticide, and its insecticidal activity is developed with E.I.Du Pont Company Rynaxypyr insecticidal activity it is essentially identical, insecticidal spectrum is wide, the longevity of residure is long, toxicity is low, environmentally friendly, and existing each Insecticides no interactions resistance.Each Species of Lepidopterous Insect Pests can be effectively prevented and treated, but it is low to homoptera pest activity.They are more Solubility in kind solvent is preferable, can easily prepare the environmentally friendly preparation of water baseization such as high content aqueous emulsion, microemulsion, suspending agent.
In Pesticidal combination of the present invention, chemical entitled bromo- 2- (4- the chlorphenyls) -1- of chemical constitution formula (II) compound Ethoxyl methyl -5- trifluoromethyl pyrpole -3- nitriles, referred to as chlorfenapyr (Chlorfenapyr).Chlorfenapyr is a kind of insecticide Precursor, itself to insect without toxic action.After insect's food-taking or contact chlorfenapyr in insect bodies, chlorfenapyr is in multifunctional oxygen It is changed into specific insecticidal active compound in the presence of change enzyme, its target is the mitochondria in insect bodies cell.Synthesize cell Stop vital functions because lacking energy, pest activity dies down after laxative, spot occurs, and color changes, and activity stops, dusk Fan, it is weak and limp, ultimately result in death.There is excellent preventive effect to brill moth, thorn suction and chewing type insect and mite class.Than cypermethrin and fluorine Cyano chrysanthemate is more effective, and its acaricidal activity is stronger than dicofol and plictran.The medicament has following characteristics:Broad spectrum insecticide, Acaricide;Have stomach toxicity and action of contace poison concurrently;With other insecticide no interactions resistances;There is medium residual activity on crop;Seeking Through the selective systemic activity of Root Absorption in nutrient solution;Medium to mammal Oral toxicity, percutaneous toxicity is relatively low;Effective dispenser Measure low (100g active ingredients/hm2).The chemical constitution of its significant desinsection, acaricidal activity and uniqueness is widely weighed by people Depending on and pay close attention to.The chlorfenapyr that the present invention uses is current market sales of product, such as by American Cyanamid Company with trade name Eliminate 10% chlorfenapyr suspending agent product of sale.
In agricultural pesticide composition of the present invention, when the amount of chemical constitution formula (II) compound is in described scope, such as The amount of fruit chemical constitution formula (I) compound exceedes the scope of the amount, then can be high because of dosage, and security declines, and poisoning easily occurs.
When the amount of chemical constitution formula (I) compound is in described scope, if the amount of chemical constitution formula (II) compound , also can be high because of dosage more than the scope of the amount, security declines, and poisoning easily occurs.
Therefore, in agricultural pesticide composition of the present invention, chemical constitution formula (I) compound and chemical constitution formula (II) chemical combination The weight ratio of thing is 1~50:1~50 is rational.
Preferably, the weight ratio of chemical constitution formula (I) compound and chemical constitution formula (II) compound is 10~40:8~ 42。
It is highly preferred that the weight ratio of chemical constitution formula (I) compound and chemical constitution formula (II) compound is 18~32:16 ~34.
The present invention relates to a kind of agricultural fungicides.Described agricultural fungicides contains by weight described in 0.5~95.0% Agricultural pesticide composition and surplus be agriculturally acceptable carrier and auxiliary agent.
In the present invention, described carrier or auxiliary agent in Pesticide formulation or use it should be understood that be used to improve medicine Agent physicochemical property, improve drug effect, be readily transported storage etc. performance auxiliary substances, such as wetting agent, emulsifying agent, dispersant, Sticker, stabilizer or synergist etc..It is every that there are these performances and agricultural fungicides of the present invention is not appointed according to the present invention The chemical substance of what negative effect may be used to the present invention, and they are all within protection scope of the present invention.
, can be because having if the agricultural pesticide composition content of the agricultural fungicides is less than 0.5% according to the present invention Effect composition is low, is unfavorable for the manufacturing of product from the angle of economy;If the agricultural pesticide composition of the agricultural fungicides When content is higher than 95.0%, then because of the too high performance for being unfavorable for drug effect of content and poisoning can be also easy to produce;Therefore, the agricultural insecticidal The agricultural pesticide composition content of agent is appropriate for 0.5~95.0%.
Preferably, described agricultural fungicides contains the agricultural pesticide composition and surplus described in 20~70% by weight For agriculturally acceptable carrier and auxiliary agent.
It is highly preferred that described agricultural fungicides contains the agricultural pesticide composition described in 30~60% by weight and remaining Measure as agriculturally acceptable carrier and auxiliary agent.
In the present invention, the carrier used is solid carrier or liquid-carrier.
Described solid carrier is selected from silicate, carbonate, sulfate, oxide, alkali metal salt, vegetalitas carrier or conjunction Into earthfill rockfill concrete riprap RCC carrier etc..
Wherein silicate, carbonate, sulfate and oxide carrier are mineral substance carrier.
For example, silicate carrier is kaolin, sepiolite, nacrite, montmorillonite, mica, vermiculite, pyrophyllite or talcum Deng.
Carbonate support is calcium carbonate or dolomite etc..
Sulfate carrier is ammonium sulfate, sodium sulphate or calcium sulfate etc..
Oxide carrier is quick lime, magnesium lime or diatomite etc..
Alkali metal salt carrier is potassium chloride or sodium chloride etc..
Vegetalitas carrier is citrus pulp, corncob cellulose, rice husk powder, rice husk, big soya bean stem meal, tobacco powder, walnut shell or sawmilling Powder etc..
Synthetic filling class carrier is winnofil hydrate, winnofil or white carbon etc..
These solid carriers that the present invention uses all are to be sold in the art known to technical staff, in the market The product sold, or the accessory substance of widely known agricultural byproducts processing.
Described liquid-carrier (solvent) is selected from water, aromatic hydrocarbons, chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbon, aliphatic hydrocarbon, alcohols, ethers, ketone, plant Oil, methylated vegetable oils or other special solvents.
For example, aromatic hydrocarbons carrier is benzene, dimethylbenzene, toluene, alkylbenzene, alkylnaphthalene and chlorinated aromatic hydrocarbons etc..
Chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbon carrier is vinyl chloride, chloroform, dichloromethane, chloroform, carbon tetrachloride and more chloroethanes etc..
Aliphatic hydrocarbon carrier is petroleum distillate, hexamethylene, light mineral oil or paraffin etc., such as limited by Jiangsu China human relations chemical industry The S-200 fat hydrocarbon products being mainly made up of octane and heptane of company's sale.
Alcoholic vehicle is methanol, ethanol, isopropanol, butanol, isobutanol, ethylene glycol, propane diols, glycerine or fatty alcohol Deng.
Ethers carrier is Propylene Glycol ether, ethohexadiol ether or petroleum ether etc..
Ketone is acetone, MEK, methyl iso-butyl ketone (MIBK), cyclohexanone, isophorone or N- methyl-pyrrolidons etc..
In the present invention, the special solvent is it should be understood that the solvent being used in mixed way with one or more of solvents.It is described Solvent in special solvent is dimethylformamide, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), polyethylene glycol or nitrile etc..
Vegetable oil is soybean oil, rapeseed oil, peanut oil or sesame oil etc..
Methylated vegetable oils are methylated soya oil, rapeseed oil, peanut oil or sesame oil etc..What the present invention used methylates Vegetable oil is all in current market sales of product.
The liquid-carrier that the present invention uses all is in the art known to technical staff, current market sales of Product, for example, sold by SINOPEC's Hangzhou Refinery light mineral oil, by Shanghai Sheng Jun Industry investments Co., Ltd Propylene Glycol ether, ethohexadiol ether, methyl iso-butyl ketone (MIBK), isophorone, the dimethylformamide of sale.
When using a kind of above-mentioned organic solvent when, this organic solvent can with single use, can also from it is other different Organic solvent is used in mixed way, or is used in mixed way with water.When used as a mixture, its mixed proportion can be entered according to actual use situation Row selection, this is that hell and high water is not present for those skilled in the art.
Surfactant of the auxiliary agent that the present invention uses in for emulsifying agent, dispersant, stabilizer or wetting agent, disappear Infusion, thickener, suspending agent and antifreezing agent.
Described surfactant is the surfactant used in emulsifying agent, dispersant, stabilizer or wetting agent.
The surfactant that the present invention uses can be ionic or nonionic, such as polyacrylic acid sodium salt and calcium Salt, lignin sulfonic acid sodium salt and calcium salt;With at least 12 carbon atom fatty acids or fatty amine and oxirane and/or epoxy third The polycondensation product of alkane;Glycerine, dodecanol -1, tetradecanol -1, sorbierite, sucrose or pentaerythritol fatty ester and they With oxirane and/or the polycondensation product of expoxy propane;The sulfate or sulfonate of the polycondensation product;With at least ten carbon Atom alkyl sulfuric acid or sulfonate alkali metal or alkali salt, preferably sodium salt, as lauryl sodium sulfate, secondary alkylsurfuric acid Sodium, sulfonated castor oil sodium salt, alkylaryl sodium sulfonate or neopelex;Ethylene oxide polymer or oxirane and ring Ethylene Oxide copolymer.
Emulsifying agent that the present invention uses is allowed to shape it should be understood that one kind can improve each phase interfacial surface tension in emulsion Into the material of uniform and stable dispersion or emulsion.It is every that there are these performances and agricultural fungicides of the present invention is not appointed The chemical substance of what negative effect may be used to the present invention, and they are all within protection scope of the present invention.
The emulsifying agent that the present invention uses is nonionic emulsifier.For example, described nonionic emulsifier is selected from polyoxy Ethene fatty acid ester, polyoxyethylene aliphatic alcohol ether and Polyoxyethylene fatty ammonia, as ethoxylated castor oil, polyoxyethylene (n20) benzene Ethyl phenolic group oleic acid ester, alkylaryl polyoxyethylene poly-oxygen propylene aether, alkylaryl formaldehyde resin APEO, triphen second Alkenyl phenol polyethenoxy (n20), ether phosphoric acid triethanolamine salt, Diphenethyl phenolic group APEO (n18) formaldehyde condensation products, Diphenyl phenol polyethenoxy (n18) polyethenoxy ether (n20) etc., these nonionic emulsifier are all current market sales of Product, such as the polyoxyethylene (n provided by Jiangsu Kai Yuan Science and Technology Ltd.s20) phenethyl phenolic group oleic acid ester, alkylaryl Formaldehyde resin APEO, the diphenyl phenol polyethenoxy (n of sale18) polyethenoxy ether (n20).The emulsification that the present invention uses Agent can be commercial emulsifier, such as agriculture breast 0201B, agriculture breast 0203B, agriculture breast 100#, agriculture breast 500#, agriculture breast 600#, agriculture breast 600- 2#, agriculture breast 1601, agriculture breast 2201, agriculture breast NP-10, agriculture breast NP-15, agriculture breast 507#, agriculture breast OX-635, agriculture breast OX-622, agriculture breast OX-653, agriculture breast OX-667, agriculture breast CS-7 or peaceful breasts 36#
The dispersant that the present invention uses is it should be understood that one kind is in intramolecular while has lipophilic fraction and hydrophily portion Point interfacial agent, it be it is a kind of will can be difficult to be dissolved in solid in liquid dispersed with liquid particles, simultaneously and also It can be prevented to settle and condense, form the material of stable suspension.It is every to there are these performances and to agricultural fungicides of the present invention The chemical substance for not having any negative effect may be used to the present invention, and they are all within protection scope of the present invention.
The dispersant that the present invention uses is, for example, sodium lignin sulfonate, pull open powder, calcium lignosulfonate, methyl naphthalene sulfonic acid first Aldehyde condensate, naphthalene sulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensation product, methanonaphthalene sodium sulfonate, oleic acid methylaminoethyl sodium sulfonate, epoxidized polyether, to uncle Butyl ether, dibutyl naphthalenesulfonic acid formaldehyde condensation products, phosphate such as calgon, alkylphenol-polyethenoxy based phosphates, alkyl Phenol polyethenoxy base ether formaldehyde condensation products sulfate, the contracting of N- methyl-fatty acyl group-sodium taurocholate APESs formaldehyde Compound, aralkyl phenol polyethenoxy ether phosphate APES, castor oil ethylene oxide adduct, oxirane- Propylene oxide block copolymer APES formaldehyde condensation product, alkylphenol-polyethenoxy polyethenoxy ether and methyl are fine Dimension element.
The dispersant that the present invention uses all is current market sales of product, such as by Nanjing Teva-Chem. Co., Ltd. N- methyl-fatty acyl groups-sodium taurocholate the APES formaldehyde condensation product of sale, castor oil ethyleneoxide addition Thing, ethylene oxide-propylene oxide block copolymer APES formaldehyde condensation product, alkylphenol-polyethenoxy Ji Mijia Aldehyde condensate sulfate.
The stabilizer that the present invention uses is, for example, sodium lignin sulfonate.The stabilizer that the present invention uses all is in the market The product of sale, such as the lignin series of products sold by virtue Visco Co..
Wetting agent that the present invention uses it should be understood that one kind can reduce solid material surface tension or interfacial tension, The material that water easily spreads out and soaks solid material in its surface.It is every to there are these performances and to agricultural insecticidal of the present invention The chemical substance that agent does not have any negative effect may be used to the present invention, and they are all within protection scope of the present invention.
The wetting agent that the present invention uses is selected from sldium lauryl sulfate, alkylol polyoxyethylene base ether sodium sulfate, octylphenol polyethylene Oxyethylene group ether sulfate, alkylphenol-polyethenoxy base ether formaldehyde condensation products sulfate, sodium alkyl sulfonate, DBSA Sodium, Negel, dialkyl succinylsuccinate sulfonate, lauryl alcohol polyethylene glycol oxide base ether sulfonic acid sodium, alkyl amide sodium taurocholate, fat Fat alcohol polyoxyethylene ether, alkylphenol-polyethenoxy base ether, polyoxyethylene polyoxypropylene block polymer, sorbitan fatty Acid esters polyoxyethylene ether etc..
The wetting agent that the present invention uses all is current market sales of product, such as sold by Xing Fei Chemical Co., Ltd.s Alkylol polyoxyethylene base ether sodium sulfate, alkylphenol-polyethenoxy base ether formaldehyde condensation products sulfate, lauryl alcohol polyethylene glycol oxide Base ether sulfonic acid sodium, sorbitan fatty acid ester polyoxyethylene ether.
In addition to above-mentioned surfactant, the auxiliary agent that the present invention uses also has defoamer, thickener, suspending agent and antifreezing agent.
The defoamer that the present invention uses is it should be understood that a kind of material with chemistry and surface chemistry defoaming effect.It is every It may be used to the present invention with these performances and the chemical substance that does not have any negative effect to agricultural fungicides of the present invention, it All within protection scope of the present invention.
Described defoamer is selected from bubble enemy, silicone, C8~10Fatty alcohol, C10~20Saturated fatty acid or acid amides defoamer;
The defoamer that the present invention uses all is current market sales of product, such as is sold by Nanjing Jie Run Co., Ltds Bubble enemy, C10~20Saturated fatty acid, acid amides defoamer.
The thickener that the present invention uses is it should be understood that one kind can emulsify agricultural fungicides of the present invention, it is possible to increase kill Worm agent viscosity simultaneously reaches stable material.It is every that there are these performances and do not have any negative shadow to agricultural fungicides of the present invention Loud chemical substance may be used to the present invention, and they are all within protection scope of the present invention.
Described thickener is selected from carboxymethyl alcohol, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl acetate, xanthans, gelatin, Arabic tree Glue, polyvinylpyrrolidone, Magnesiumaluminumsilicate, polyvinyl alcohol, polyethylene glycol, phenolic resin, shellac, carboxymethyl cellulose or marine alga Sour sodium;
The thickener that the present invention uses all is current market sales of product, such as by Beijing Green Tai Mu Co., Ltds Carboxymethyl alcohol, the polyvinylpyrrolidone of sale.
The suspending agent that the present invention uses is it should be understood that one kind can increase agricultural fungicides viscosity of the present invention to reduce Wherein particulate sinking speed or the increase hydrophilic material of particulate.It is every that there are these performances and do not have to agricultural fungicides of the present invention The chemical substance for having any negative effect may be used to the present invention, and they are all within protection scope of the present invention.
Described suspending agent is selected from glycerine, Arabic gum, tragacanth, peach gum, methylcellulose, sodium carboxymethylcellulose Or hydroxypropyl cellulose.
The suspending agent that the present invention uses all is current market sales of product, such as by Nanjing Guan Hua trade Co., Ltds Xanthans, peach gum, the sodium carboxymethylcellulose of sale.
The antifreezing agent that the present invention uses is it should be understood that one kind can prevent agricultural fungicides of the present invention in microthermal climate ring The material freezed under border.It is every that there are these performances and do not have the chemistry of any negative effect to agricultural fungicides of the present invention Material may be used to the present invention, and they are all within protection scope of the present invention.
Described antifreezing agent is selected from glycerine, urea, ethylene glycol or propane diols.
The antifreezing agent that the present invention uses all is current market sales of product.
According to the present invention, described agricultural fungicides be wettable powder, suspending agent, suspension emulsion, microemulsion, aqueous emulsion, The formulation such as water dispersion granule or microcapsule suspending agent.
When agricultural fungicides of the present invention is wettable powder, its preparation method is as follows:To 0.5%~80% institute by weight Agricultural pesticide composition, 2%~10% wetting agent, 5%~10% dispersant and the filler of surplus to 100% stated are fully mixed Close, reuse ultrafine crusher or airslide disintegrating mill commonly used in the art and crushed, obtain described wettable powder. The filler that the present invention uses is kaolin, diatomite, mica powder, bentonite, attapulgite or precipitated calcium carbonate;The present invention uses Other raw materials it is as previously described, similarly hereinafter, therefore repeat no more.
When agricultural fungicides of the present invention is suspending agent, its preparation method is as follows:By by weight described in 0.5%~50% Agricultural pesticide composition, 1%~5% wetting agent, 1%~8% dispersant, 0.1%~1% thickener, 2%~5% antifreezing agent It is well mixed with the water for being supplemented to 100%, then is sanded in sand mill to 2~5 microns of particle diameter, filtering, then toward in its filtrate Thickener is added, shear agitation is uniform, obtains described suspending agent.
When agricultural fungicides of the present invention is microemulsion, its preparation method is as follows:By by weight described in 0.5%~40% Agricultural pesticide composition, 1%~12% emulsifying agent, 0%~10% cosolvent, 0%~5% stabilizer, 0%~40% solvent with It is supplemented to 100% water to be added in reactor, stirs and be completely dissolved, be slowly added into pure water, stirring while adding, mixing Uniformly, described microemulsion is obtained.The cosolvent that is used when preparing microemulsion of the present invention is, for example, isopropanol, cyclohexanone, under Together, therefore repeat no more.They are all current market sales of products, such as are sold by Jinan, Shandong Province Guo Tai Chemical Co., Ltd.s The isopropanol product sold or the cyclohexanone product sold by Nanjing company of DSM company.
When agricultural fungicides of the present invention is aqueous emulsion, its preparation method is as follows:By by weight described in 0.5%~80% Agricultural pesticide composition, 1%~20% emulsifying agent, 0%~15% cosolvent, 0%~5% stabilizer, 10%~40% solvent Water with being supplemented to 100% is added in reactor, is stirred and is completely dissolved, and is slowly added into pure water, stirring while adding, is mixed Close and uniformly, obtain described aqueous emulsion.
When agricultural fungicides of the present invention is suspension emulsion, its preparation method is as follows:Take by weight described in 0.5%~90% Agricultural pesticide composition, 1%~5% solvent, 1%~5% dispersant, 1%~10% emulsifying agent, 1%~5% wetting agent, 1% ~5% stabilizer, 0%~5% antifreezing agent, 0%~5% thickener, 0%~5% defoamer and the water for being supplemented to 100%, so Sulphur insect amide is prepared into aqueous emulsion according to the preparation method of above-mentioned aqueous emulsion afterwards, while according to the preparation method of above-mentioned suspending agent Chlorfenapyr is prepared into suspending agent, then, described aqueous emulsion and described suspending agent are uniformly mixed, is obtained described Suspension emulsion.Or chlorfenapyr is prepared into aqueous emulsion according to the preparation method of above-mentioned aqueous emulsion, while according to above-mentioned suspending agent Sulphur insect amide is prepared into suspending agent by preparation method, then, the aqueous emulsion and the suspending agent is uniformly mixed, obtained Described suspension emulsion.
When agricultural fungicides of the present invention is water dispersion granule, its preparation method is as follows:Will by weight 0.5%~80% Described agricultural pesticide composition, 0%~2% surfactant, 1%~15% wetting agent, 1%~15% dispersant, 1%~ 10% disintegrant, 0%~5% stabilizer, the filler co-grinding with being supplemented to 100%, add water kneading, are made in comminutor Grain, dry, screening, obtain described water dispersion granule.The disintegrant that the present invention uses is ammonium sulfate or carboxymethyl cellulose Sodium;The filler that the present invention uses is kaolin, diatomite or cornstarch.
When agricultural fungicides of the present invention is microcapsule suspending agent, its preparation method is as follows:Take 0.5%~70% institute by weight It is the agricultural pesticide composition stated, 1%~20% emulsifying agent, 1%~20% solvent, 0%~10% thickener, 0%~10% anti- Freeze agent, 0%~5% stabilizer, 0%~5% defoamer, 1%~10% microcapsules carrier and the water for being supplemented to 100%;Use Sulphur insect amide, chlorfenapyr, emulsifying agent, solvent and stabilizer are encapsulated in the microcapsules of particle diameter D90≤50 μm by microcapsules carrier, are used Carrier is made in water, antifreezing agent, thickener and defoamer, and they are well mixed, and microcapsule suspending agent is made.The present invention uses micro- Capsule carrier is isocyanates.
The invention further relates to the agricultural insecticidal composite or the agricultural insecticide in preventing and treating rice, vegetables Lepidoptera evil Purposes in worm.Rice leaf roller (Cnaphalocrocis medinalis Guenee) is the Main Harmful in rice in China producing region One of worm, it is distributed widely in each rice region., can also crop and barnyard grass, the Li Shi such as feeding barley, wheat, sugarcane, grain in addition to rice of causing harm The weeds such as standing grain, ditch millet, Paspalum distichum, lady's-grass, green bristlegrass, yard grass, cogongrass, reed.Caused harm rice with larva, sew leaf into vertical Bud, hide wherein feeding epicuticle and mesophyll, is only left white color lower epidermis.Seedling stage aggrieved influence rice normal growth, in addition it is withered; Tillering stage to the jointing stage is aggrieved, and tiller is reduced, and plant shortens, and breeding time postpones;Particularly full heading time sword-like leave is arrived in heading after booting It is killed, influence to blossom and bear fruit, Empty grain rate improves, and mass of 1000 kernel declines.Diamondback moth (Plutella xylostella) is worldwide moves Fly the Cruciferae such as insect, wild cabbage of mainly causing harm, violet cabbage, broccoli, a kind of sedge dish, leaf mustard, cauliflower, Chinese cabbage, rape, radish to plant Thing.First instar larvae only feeding mesophyll, leaves epidermis, spot transparent one by one is formed in dish leaf, 3~4 instar larvaes can be by dish leaf Eat into hole and incise, full leaf, which is eaten, when serious reticulates.Often concentrate lobus cardiacus to cause harm in seedling stage, influence packet.Reserving seed for planting in strain, Endanger tender stem, young pod and seed.Beet armyworm (Spodoptera exigua Hiibner) is a kind of worldwide distribution, interval The polyphagous pest-insect based on danger to vegetables of the big generation of property.To shallot, wild cabbage, Chinese cabbage, celery, cauliflower, carrot, asparagus, The vegetables such as spinach, radish have harm.Prodenia litura is a kind of omnivorousness and binge insect, and it is quite extensive to endanger host, except ten Outside Zi Hua sections vegetables, it can also endanger including melon, eggplant, beans, green onion, leek, spinach and grain, the sections of industrial crops Deng Jin 100,300 Various plants.Food blade, bud, flower and fruit are stung with larva, first instar larvae nibbles food blade lower epidermis and mesophyll;4 ages are with laggard Enter gluttony, sting food blade, only stay master pulse.On packet cabbage, larva, which can be also pierced in leaf-head, to be endangered, and sky is eaten in inside, side by side Excrement is let out, is polluted, is allowed to reduce or even lose commodity value.
It is 50ga.i./hm that Pesticidal combination and insecticide of the present invention, which impose on rice field and the application dosage of vegetables,2~200g a.i./hm2.Pesticidal combination and insecticide of the present invention can use conventional method to apply, such as injection, spraying.Its amount of application It can be changed according to weather conditions or crop growthing state, can be applied before or after pest damage generation.Protection is made Duration is generally relevant with the content of single compound in composition, also related to extraneous factor, such as weather, but logical The influence of weather can be slowed down using appropriate formulation by crossing.
Pesticidal combination and insecticide of the present invention can also mix with other compounds with weeding, bactericidal property to be made With can also be used in mixed way with nematicide, protective agent, growth regulator, nutrient for plants or soil conditioner.
[beneficial effect]
Pesticidal combination of the present invention has following beneficial effects:
(1) compared with single dose, Pesticidal combination of the present invention has significant increasing to rice leaf roller, diamondback moth and beet armyworm Effect acts on, and extends the lasting period, improves effect;Using 10%-60%HY366 chlorfenapyr preparations, 10d is to rice after administration Leaf-roller preventive effect reaches 85.1%-91.2%, and 20d preventive effects reach 87.4%-91.5% after administration, far above HY366 and The preventive effect of chlorfenapyr single dose.Using 10%-60%HY366 chlorfenapyr preparations, 7d reaches to diamondback moth preventive effect after administration 84.6%-89.3%, after administration 14d preventive effects reach 90.6%-93.4%, far above HY366 and the preventive effect of chlorfenapyr single dose.
(2) times for spraying is reduced, lowers drug cost, reduces environmental pollution and residues of pesticides;
(3) composition is made up of the active ingredient of different mechanism of action, action site increase, is advantageous to overcome and is delayed to do harm to The drug-fast generation of worm.The present composition is equal to trial crops all normal without obvious harmful effect, leaf color, growing way etc., safety Property is good, meets the security requirement of pesticidal preparations.
Pesticidal combination of the present invention has good preventive effect to water rice hopper.
【Embodiment】
The present invention is will be better understood that by following embodiments.
First, the preparation of agricultural fungicides of the present invention
Embodiment 1:Prepare 50%HY366 chlorfenapyr wettable powders
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide wettable powder gross weight meter 40%, 10% chemistry knot Structure formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 2% lauryl sodium sulfate, 5% White Carbon black, 10% sodium lignin sulfonate be supplemented to 100% it is light Matter calcium carbonate, insecticide wettable powder of the present invention is obtained according to the preparation method described in present specification.
Embodiment 2:Prepare 60%HY366 chlorfenapyr wettable powders
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide wettable powder gross weight meter 38%, 22% chemistry knot Structure formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 2% lauryl sodium sulfate, 5% naphthalene sulfonic acid-formaldehyde condensation product, 4% sodium lignin sulfonate, 6% white carbon The black precipitated calcium carbonate with being supplemented to 100%, insecticide of the present invention is obtained according to the preparation method described in present specification Wettable powder.
Embodiment 3:Prepare 74%HY366 chlorfenapyr wettable powders
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide wettable powder gross weight meter 34%, 40% chemistry knot Structure formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 8% sodium lignin sulfonate, 6% methyl naphthalene sulfonate formaldehyde condensate, 2% lauryl sodium sulfate, 5% White Carbon black and be supplemented to 100% kaolin, obtain desinsection of the present invention according to the preparation method described in present specification Agent wettable powder.
Embodiment 4:Prepare 56%HY366 chlorfenapyr water dispersion granules
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide water dispersion granule gross weight meter 8%, 48% chemistry knot Structure formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 13% sodium lignin sulfonate, 5% methyl naphthalene sulfonate formaldehyde condensate, 9% ammonium sulfate are with being supplemented to 100% kaolin, insecticide water dispersion granule of the present invention is obtained according to the preparation method described in present specification.
Embodiment 5:Prepare 95%HY366 chlorfenapyr water dispersion granules
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide water dispersion granule gross weight meter 45%, 50% chemistry Structure formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 2% naphtholsulfonic acid formaldehyde condensation products, 1%N- methyl-oleoyl-sodium taurocholate, 1% soluble shallow lake Powder and be supplemented to 100% kaolin, obtain insecticide moisture of the present invention according to the preparation method described in present specification Scattered seed agent.
Embodiment 6:Prepare 84%HY366 chlorfenapyr water dispersion granules
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide water dispersion granule gross weight meter 44%, 40% chemistry Structure formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 3% naphtholsulfonic acid formaldehyde condensation products, 4%N- methyl-oleoyl-sodium taurocholate, 3% soluble shallow lake Powder, 2% sodium sulphate and the kaolin for being supplemented to 100%, the present invention is obtained according to the preparation method described in present specification Insecticide water dispersion granule.
Embodiment 7:Prepare 58%HY366 chlorfenapyr water dispersion granules
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide water dispersion granule gross weight meter 36%, 22% chemistry Structure formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 6% methyl naphthalene sulfonate formaldehyde condensate, 10% sodium lignin sulfonate, 8% ammonium sulfate are with being supplemented to 100% kaolin, insecticide water dispersion granule of the present invention is obtained according to the preparation method described in present specification.
Embodiment 8:Prepare 42%HY366 chlorfenapyr suspending agents
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide suspending agent gross weight meter 12%, 30% chemical structural formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 2% pull open powder, 3%Soproplot SC, 0.1% xanthans, 1% aluminium-magnesium silicate, 0.3%418G, 0.1% BIT and be supplemented to 100% water, obtain insecticide suspending agent of the present invention according to the preparation method described in present specification.
Embodiment 9:Prepare 26%HY366 chlorfenapyr suspending agents
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide suspending agent gross weight meter 21%, 5% chemical structural formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 2% pull open powder, 3%Soproplot SC, 0.15% xanthans, 1% aluminium-magnesium silicate, 0.2%418G, 0.1% BIT and be supplemented to 100% water, obtain insecticide suspending agent of the present invention according to the preparation method described in present specification.
Embodiment 10:Prepare 22%HY366 chlorfenapyr suspending agents
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide suspending agent gross weight meter 16%, 6% chemical structural formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 5% polycarboxylate, 0.5% White Carbon black, 1% attapulgite, 0.4% potassium dihydrogen phosphate, 4% ethylene glycol, 0.4% tributyl phosphate and be supplemented to 100% water, obtain the present invention according to the preparation method described in present specification and kill Worm agent suspending agent.
Embodiment 11:Prepare 14%HY366 chlorfenapyr suspending agents
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide suspending agent gross weight meter 6%, 8% chemical structural formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 3% methyl naphthalene sulfonate formaldehyde condensate, 1% bentonite, 4% agriculture breast OX-656,4% glycerine, 0.3% Tributyl phosphate and be supplemented to 100% water, obtain insecticide of the present invention according to the preparation method described in present specification Suspending agent.
Embodiment 12:Prepare 0.5%HY366 chlorfenapyr suspending agents
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide suspending agent gross weight meter 0.25%, 0.25% chemistry knot Structure formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 4% phenethyl phenol polyoxyethylene poly-oxygen propylene aether, 1.8% Magnesiumaluminumsilicate, 0.3% xanthans, 3% the third Glycol polyoxyethylene poly-oxygen propylene aether and be supplemented to 100% water, obtained according to the preparation method described in present specification Insecticide suspending agent of the present invention.
Embodiment 13:Prepare 45%HY366 chlorfenapyr missible oil
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide emulsifiable concentrate gross weight meter 28%, 17% chemical structural formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 7% agriculture breast 2201#, 4% agriculture breast 600#, 18% dimethylformamide and the S-200 aromatic hydrocarbons that is supplemented to 100% it is molten Agent, insecticide emulsifiable concentrate of the present invention is obtained according to the preparation method described in present specification.
Embodiment 14:Prepare 15%HY366 chlorfenapyr missible oil
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide emulsifiable concentrate gross weight meter 9%, 6% chemical constitution formula (II) Chlorfenapyr, 3% agriculture breast 500#, 8% agriculture breast 0201B, 10% dimethylformamide and be supplemented to 100% S-200 aromatic solvents, Insecticide emulsifiable concentrate of the present invention is obtained according to the preparation method described in present specification.
Embodiment 15:Prepare 29%HY366 chlorfenapyr missible oil
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide emulsifiable concentrate gross weight meter 11%, 18% chemical structural formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 6% agriculture breast 0203B, 8% agriculture breast 0201B, 15% cyclohexanone and the S-200 aromatic solvents for being supplemented to 100%, Insecticide emulsifiable concentrate of the present invention is obtained according to the preparation method described in present specification.
Embodiment 16:Prepare 45%HY366 chlorfenapyr aqueous emulsions
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide aqueous emulsion gross weight meter 25%, 20% chemical structural formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 12%N- methyl pyrrolidones, 15% solvent naphtha, 6% dodecyl sodium sulfate, 4% polyvinyl alcohol, 4% breast Agent 500#, 0.5% defoamer and be supplemented to 100% deionized water, according to the preparation method described in present specification Obtain insecticide aqueous emulsion of the present invention.
Embodiment 17:Prepare 50%HY366 chlorfenapyr aqueous emulsions
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide aqueous emulsion gross weight meter 35%, 15% chemical structural formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 12%N- methyl pyrrolidones, 15% solvent naphtha, 5% dodecyl sodium sulfate, 4% polyvinyl alcohol, 5.0% Emulsifying agent 500#, 0.5% defoamer and be supplemented to 100% deionized water, according to the preparation side described in present specification Method obtains insecticide aqueous emulsion of the present invention.
Embodiment 18:Prepare 42%HY366 chlorfenapyr aqueous emulsions
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide aqueous emulsion gross weight meter 13%, 29% chemical structural formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 12%N- methyl pyrrolidones, 15% solvent naphtha, 3% 3 phenethyl phenol polyoxyethylene ether phosphate, 5% 3 Phenethyl phenol polyoxyethylene poly-oxygen propylene aether block copolymer, 0.5% defoamer, 4% ethylene glycol and be supplemented to 100% go from Sub- water, insecticide aqueous emulsion of the present invention is obtained according to the preparation method described in present specification.
Embodiment 19:Prepare 39%HY366 Chlorfenapyr microemulsions
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide microemulsion gross weight meter 14%, 25% chemical structural formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 8% isopropanol, 24% trimethylbenzene, 18% propane diols polyoxyethylene poly-oxygen propylene aether and it is supplemented to 100% Water, insecticide microemulsion of the present invention is obtained according to the preparation method described in present specification.
Embodiment 20:Prepare 34%HY366 Chlorfenapyr microemulsions
Weigh with the chemical constitution formula (I) sulphur insect amide of this insecticide microemulsion gross weight meter 30%, 4% chemical structural formula (II) chlorfenapyr, 10% cyclohexanone, 20% solvent naphtha, 5% calcium dodecyl benzene sulfonate, 9% 3 phenethyl phenol polyoxyethylene gather Oxypropylene ether block copolymers and be supplemented to 100% deionized water, obtained according to the preparation method described in present specification To insecticide microemulsion of the present invention.
2nd, the measure of bioactivity
In order to further appreciate that the virulence of sulphur insect amide and chlorfenapyr composition, a large amount of formulation screening tests have been carried out.
Pesticidal combination biological activity determination of the present invention is as follows:
Using infusion process processing rice leaf roller (Cnaphalocrocis medinalis Guenee), according to insecticide Farm-chemical indoor determination test rule (agricultural industry criteria NY/T1154.7-2006) and initiative pesticide bioactivity evaluation SOP (insecticide volume), measure sulphur insect amide and chlorfenapyr single dose LC50With mixture LC50
Appropriate rice leaf is dipped in 15s in decoction, takes out and is dried in the shade naturally in ventilation, is put in diameter 9cm culture dish In, the 15/ware of instar larvae of rice leaf roller 3 is connect, the upper filter paper of lid one, is capped, mark.Experiment sets clear water processing control, often handles It is repeated 4 times.Be put in 27 DEG C, in the observation ward of 14h illumination, inspection result after 3d, polypide touched with writing brush, it is reactionless be considered as it is dead Worm.
Diamondback moth experiment uses leaf dipping method.Cabbage leaves are broken into circular leaf dish (Ф 2cm) with card punch, are dipped in decoction 15s, it is put into the culture dish for being lined with blotting paper, per 6, ware, dries.Diamondback moth 2 age mid-term larva, 15/ware is connect, is placed in observation It is indoor.If clear water is control, often processing is repeated 4 times, inspection result after 3d.Polypide is touched with writing brush, it is reactionless to be considered as dead worm.
The work borer population of each processing and total borer population are counted, calculates the death rate and corrected mortality (Abbott ' s of each processing Formula);Data analysis statistical is carried out with " DPS data handling systems " V14.50 professional versions, obtains regression straight line, LC50Value.Use grandson Yun Peifa (Sun etc., 1960) calculates toxicity index, and co-toxicity coefficient is calculated by following formula:
Contents (%) of mixed toxicity index (the TTI)=A of the theory toxicity index × A in mixed
Contents (%) of+B toxicity index × B in mixed
When co-toxicity coefficient is more than 120, show that this mixture has synergistic effect;And co-toxicity coefficient be less than 80 when, show This mixture has antagonism;And co-toxicity coefficient be more than 80 less than 120 when, show that this mixture has summation action.
HY366 and chlorfenapyr different ratio mixture the Toxicity Determination of rice leaf roller, diamondback moth the results are shown in Table 1 with In table 2.
Table 1:HY366 compounds the Toxicity Determination result to rice leaf roller with chlorfenapyr
Table 2:HY366 compounds the Toxicity Determination result to diamondback moth with chlorfenapyr
Medicament LC50(mg/L) ATI TTI Co-toxicity coefficient CTC
HY366(A) 0.077 2727.27 - -
Chlorfenapyr (B) 2.100 100.00 - -
A:B(1:100) 1.310 160.31 126.01 127.21
A:B(1:50) 1.030 203.88 151.52 134.56
A:B(1:20) 0.620 338.71 225.11 150.47
A:B(1:10) 0.410 512.20 338.84 151.16
A:B(1:5) 0.230 913.04 537.88 169.75
A:B(1:1) 0.097 2164.95 1413.64 153.15
A:B(5:1) 0.066 3181.82 2289.39 138.98
A:B(10:1) 0.057 3684.21 2488.43 148.05
A:B(20:1) 0.067 3134.33 2602.16 120.45
A:B(50:1) 0.062 3387.10 2675.76 126.58
A:B(100:1) 0.063 3333.33 2701.26 123.40
Can be seen that sulphur insect amide with chlorfenapyr mixture from above-mentioned Toxicity Determination result is 1 in mass ratio:100~ 100:Its co-toxicity coefficient is all higher than 120 in the range of 1, shows sulphur insect amide with chlorfenapyr mixture to rice leaf roller and diamondback moth Have significant synergies.
3rd, the experiment of rice leaf folder Field information is prevented and treated
According to medicine inspecting institute of the Ministry of Agriculture " GB-T 17980.4-2000 pesticide field efficacy medicine tests criterions (one) --- insecticide The regulation of preventing and treating rice leaf folder " carries out experiment.
Test site:Ningbo City, Zhejiang Province Yinzhou District Qiu Ai towns age villages up to ten thousand.
Test period:July in 2014 19 days~August 10 days.
Test method:Rice plant of tillering stage dispenser is once.Paddy rice rice leaf roller is based on low instar larvae.
Formulation rate is 750kg/hm2, plant blade face even spraying.Plot area 25m2, 4 repetitions, random district's groups arrangement. Per experimental plot using the 5 points of samplings of interlacing jump method, every is investigated 5 clumps, investigates 25 clumps altogether, the leaf roll number and total leaf of investigation every clump Number.
According to investigation result, leaf roll rate rate and preventive effect are calculated according to formula below (1) and (2).
Test data carries out statistical analysis using Deng Kenshi duncan's new multiple range methods (DMRT).
Table 3:Anti- rice Rice leaf-roller field control effectiveness test results of harnessing the river
Energy effectively preventing rice after HY366 compounds with chlorfenapyr is can be seen that from above-mentioned field control effectiveness test result to indulge Leaf roll snout moth's larva, preventive effect are better than comparison medicament.To trial crops safety in scope of medication.
4th, vegetables diamondback moth field control effectiveness test is prevented and treated
According to medicine inspecting institute of the Ministry of Agriculture " GB-T 17980.13-2000 pesticide field efficacy medicine tests criterions (one) --- insecticide The regulation of the lepidopterous larvae of preventing and treating brassicaceous vegetable " carries out experiment.
Test site:Changhe Town, Cixi City, Zhejiang Province great Yun villages.
Test period:13 days~October 20 October in 2014.
Test method:Outdoor cropping Cauliflower, the dispenser of cauliflower rosette state is once.The each age worm state of diamondback moth has, and Based on low instar nymphs..
Formulation rate is 750kg/hm2, plant blade face even spraying.Plot area 25m2, 4 repetitions, random district's groups arrangement. 2 plants are investigated using 5 points of samplings, at every per experimental plot, investigate 10 plants altogether, investigate every plant of upper all borer populations living.
According to investigation result, Revision insect recluced rate and preventive effect are calculated according to following (1), (2) formula.Test data uses Duncan Family name's duncan's new multiple range method (DMRT) carries out statistical analysis.
In formula:CK0 --- borer population before blank district dispenser;
CK1 --- borer population after blank district dispenser;
PT0 --- borer population before chemicals treatment district dispenser;
PT1 --- borer population after chemicals treatment district dispenser.
Table 3:Prevent and treat vegetables diamondback moth field control effectiveness test result
HY366 and energy effectively preventing vegetables squama after chlorfenapyr compounding are can be seen that from the field control effectiveness test result of table 3 Wing mesh insect, preventive effect are better than comparison medicament.To trial crops safety in scope of medication.
Under summary, substantial amounts of indoor biometricses and field control effectiveness test result show that the Pesticidal combination of the present invention has State beneficial effect:
(1) compared with single dose, the Pesticidal combination has significant synergistic effect to preventing and treating rice leaf roller, extends holding effect Phase, improve effect;Using 10%-60%HY366 chlorfenapyr preparations, 10d reaches to rice leaf roller preventive effect after administration 85.1%-91.2%, after administration 20d preventive effects reach 87.4%-91.5%, far above HY366 and the preventive effect of chlorfenapyr single dose. Using 10%-60%HY366 chlorfenapyr preparations, 7d reaches 84.6%-89.3% to diamondback moth preventive effect after administration, in dispenser 14d preventive effects reach 90.6%-93.4% afterwards, far above HY366 and the preventive effect of chlorfenapyr single dose.
(2) times for spraying is reduced, lowers drug cost, reduces environmental pollution and residues of pesticides;
(3) composition is made up of the active ingredient of different mechanism of action, action site increase, is advantageous to overcome and is delayed to do harm to The drug-fast generation of worm.The present composition is equal to trial crops all normal without obvious harmful effect, leaf color, growing way etc., safety Property is good, meets the security requirement of pesticidal preparations.
Pesticidal combination of the present invention has good preventive effect to rice leaf folder.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of agricultural pesticide composition, it is characterised in that it is by the compound with following chemical constitution formula (I)s and with The compound of chemical constitution formula (II) is stated according to weight than 1~50:1~50 composition:
2. agricultural pesticide composition according to claim 1, it is characterised in that chemical constitution formula (I) compound is tied with chemistry The weight ratio of structure formula (II) compound is 10~40:8~42.
3. agricultural pesticide composition according to claim 1, it is characterised in that chemical constitution formula (I) compound is tied with chemistry The weight ratio of structure formula (II) compound is 18~32:16~34.
4. a kind of agricultural fungicides, it is characterised in that it contains any one of 0.5~95.0% claim 1-3 power by weight The described agricultural pesticide composition of profit requirement and surplus are agriculturally acceptable auxiliary agent.
5. agricultural fungicides according to claim 4, it is characterised in that it contains 20~70% claim by weight Agricultural pesticide composition and surplus described in any one of 1-3 claims are agriculturally acceptable auxiliary agent.
6. agricultural fungicides according to claim 4, it is characterised in that it contains 30~60% claim by weight Agricultural pesticide composition and surplus described in any one of 1-3 claims are agriculturally acceptable auxiliary agent.
7. according to the agricultural fungicides described in any one of claim 4-6 claim, it is characterised in that it is wettable powder Agent, suspending agent, suspension emulsion, microemulsion, aqueous emulsion, water dispersion granule or microcapsule suspending agent formulation.
8. according to the agricultural fungicides described in any one of claim 4-6 claim, it is characterised in that in the auxiliary agent Carrier is solid carrier or liquid-carrier, and described solid carrier is selected from silicate, carbonate, sulfate, oxide, alkali metal Salt, vegetalitas carrier or synthetic filling class carrier;Described liquid-carrier is selected from water, aromatic hydrocarbons, chlorinated aliphatic hydrocarbon, aliphatic hydrocarbon, alcohol Class, ethers, ketone, vegetable oil, methylated vegetable oils or other special solvents.
9. according to the agricultural fungicides described in any one of claim 4-6 claim, it is characterised in that described auxiliary agent choosing From surfactant, defoamer, thickener, suspending agent and antifreezing agent;Described surfactant is for emulsifying agent, disperseed Surfactant in agent, stabilizer or wetting agent;Described defoamer is selected from bubble enemy, silicone, C8~10Fatty alcohol, C10~20 Saturated fatty acid or acid amides defoamer;Described thickener be selected from carboxymethyl alcohol, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinyl acetate, xanthans, Gelatin, gum arabic, polyvinylpyrrolidone, Magnesiumaluminumsilicate, polyethylene glycol, phenolic resin, shellac, carboxymethyl cellulose or Sodium alginate;Described suspending agent is selected from glycerine, Arabic gum, tragacanth, peach gum, methylcellulose, carboxymethyl cellulose Sodium or hydroxypropyl cellulose;Described antifreezing agent is selected from glycerine, urea, ethylene glycol or propane diols.
It is 10. according to agricultural pesticide composition described in any one of claim 1-3 claim or any according to claim 4-9 Purposes of the agricultural fungicides in preventing and treating rice, vegetables lepidoptera pest described in item claim.
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CN104472495A (en) * 2014-12-15 2015-04-01 广西颐生园生态农业有限公司 Insecticidal composition containing benzenecarbothioamide

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