CN105619182A - Processing device and processing production line - Google Patents

Processing device and processing production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105619182A
CN105619182A CN201510425370.4A CN201510425370A CN105619182A CN 105619182 A CN105619182 A CN 105619182A CN 201510425370 A CN201510425370 A CN 201510425370A CN 105619182 A CN105619182 A CN 105619182A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
slide
axis
axis slide
pair
spindle box
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510425370.4A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林志广
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHENZHEN WANJIA TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
Original Assignee
Shenzhen Wanjia Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
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Application filed by Shenzhen Wanjia Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shenzhen Wanjia Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510425370.4A priority Critical patent/CN105619182A/en
Publication of CN105619182A publication Critical patent/CN105619182A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q37/00Metal-working machines, or constructional combinations thereof, built-up from units designed so that at least some of the units can form parts of different machines or combinations; Units therefor in so far as the feature of interchangeability is important
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/25Movable or adjustable work or tool supports
    • B23Q1/44Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms
    • B23Q1/50Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with rotating pairs only, the rotating pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism
    • B23Q1/54Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with rotating pairs only, the rotating pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two rotating pairs only
    • B23Q1/5406Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with rotating pairs only, the rotating pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two rotating pairs only a single rotating pair followed perpendicularly by a single rotating pair
    • B23Q1/5425Movable or adjustable work or tool supports using particular mechanisms with rotating pairs only, the rotating pairs being the first two elements of the mechanism two rotating pairs only a single rotating pair followed perpendicularly by a single rotating pair followed perpendicularly by a single sliding pair
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q17/00Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools
    • B23Q17/24Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools using optics or electromagnetic waves
    • B23Q17/2428Arrangements for observing, indicating or measuring on machine tools using optics or electromagnetic waves for measuring existing positions of tools or workpieces
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q41/00Combinations or associations of metal-working machines not directed to a particular result according to classes B21, B23, or B24

Abstract

The invention discloses a processing device which comprises a base, a worktable, at least two X-axis sliding seats, at least two first linear motors, at least two first metering devices, at least two Y-axis sliding seats, at least two second linear motors, at least two second metering devices, at least two Z-axis spindle boxes, at least two third linear motors, at least two third metering devices, at least two magazine tools and a control system. Equivalently, at least two processing centers, which comprise the at least two X-axis sliding seats, the at least two first linear motors, the at least two first metering devices, the at least two Y-axis sliding seats, the at least two second linear motors, the at least two second metering devices, the at least two Z-axis spindle boxes, the at least two third linear motors, the at least two third metering devices and the at least two magazine tools, are arranged on the same base. Therefore, after a workpiece is placed on the worktable, the workpiece can be processed differently by the at least two processing centers within the same time, so as to reduce the clamping operation and be beneficial for improving the production efficiency.

Description

Process equipment and machining production line
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of process equipment, particularly relate to a kind of process equipment and machining production line.
Background technology
So-called " 3C Product ", it is simply that computer (Computer), communication (Communication) and consumer electronics product (ConsumerElectronics) triplicity.
Current phone housing, LCD TV housing etc. generally use the composite etc. of the engineering material of ABS, PC, PPO, alloy and carbon fiber or glass fibre, additionally also have use metal material: the alloys such as aluminum, magnesium, rustless steel. Therefore, the use for reaching this type of 3C Product is comfortable and aesthetic property, and portioned product needs to utilize high-accuracy machining tool that its outward appearance is repaired.
And the process equipment of current common 3C Product is for attacking rig, carving and milling machine etc., but, this type of process equipment is single main shaft one direction processing, often workpiece can only be carried out single processed, if desired the different segmentations of workpiece are carried out different processed, Many times, first a wherein segmentation of workpiece is completed required processed, afterwards, workpiece is dismantled, clamping again, so that another segmentation of workpiece is placed on the machinable Working position of process equipment, then, by process equipment, another segmentation of workpiece is completed required processed again, visible, workpiece can not be carried out different processed by existing process equipment within the same time of processing work, workpiece can only be carried out a kind of processed, working (machining) efficiency is low, and, existing process equipment adopts screw drive mode mostly, there is drive gap, it is impossible to realize the high accuracy processing of parts arc chord angle and plane.
Therefore, it is necessary to provide a kind of technological means to solve drawbacks described above.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the defect of prior art, process equipment is provided, within the same time of processing work, workpiece can not be carried out different processed so that the problem that causes working (machining) efficiency low solving process equipment of the prior art, and solve the problem that process equipment of the prior art cannot realize the high accuracy processing of parts arc chord angle and plane.
The present invention is achieved in that process equipment, including:
For the base of parts installation settings, described base includes front end and the rear end being oppositely arranged with described front end, and described base is provided with first direction and the second direction intersected vertically with described first direction;
With the workbench placing processing for workpiece, the front end of described base is located at by described workbench, and the two ends of this described workbench are extended along described first direction;
In order to produce at least two X-axis slide of X-axis moving direction, X-axis slide described at least two slides along described first direction respectively and is located on the rear end of described base, and X-axis slide described in this at least two is arranged along same rectilinear direction interval;
In order to drive X-axis slide slip work described at least two and at least two first linear electric motors corresponding with the quantity of X-axis slide described at least two, each described first linear electric motors are located on each described X-axis slide;
In order to measure the sliding distance of X-axis slide described at least two and at least two first metering device corresponding with the quantity of X-axis slide described at least two, each described first metering device is located on each described X-axis slide;
In order to produce Y-axis moving direction and at least two Y-axis slide corresponding with the quantity of X-axis slide described at least two, each described Y-axis slide slides along described second direction and is located on each described X-axis slide;
In order to drive Y-axis slide slip work described at least two and at least two second linear electric motors corresponding with the quantity of Y-axis slide described at least two, each described second linear electric motors are located on each described Y-axis slide;
In order to measure the sliding distance of Y-axis slide described at least two and at least two second metering device corresponding with the quantity of Y-axis slide described at least two, each described second metering device is located on each described Y-axis slide;
Workpiece in order to be opposite on described workbench is processed processing and at least two Z axis main spindle box corresponding with the quantity of Y-axis slide described at least two, each described Z axis main spindle box includes a main spindle box body and the main shaft arranged for Cutting tool installation manner, described main shaft is located on described main spindle box body, and each described main spindle box body is located on each described Y-axis slide along the longitudinal direction slip of described base;
In order to drive main spindle box body slip work described at least two and at least two threeth linear electric motors corresponding with the quantity of main spindle box body described at least two, each described 3rd linear electric motors are located on each described main spindle box body;
In order to measure the sliding distance of main spindle box body described at least two and at least two threeth metering device corresponding with the quantity of main spindle box body described at least two, each described 3rd metering device is located on each described main spindle box body;
With for tool storage and replacing and at least two tool magazine corresponding with the quantity of Z axis main spindle box described at least two, each described tool magazine is located on described base and is adjacent on each described Z axis main spindle box of correspondence; And
In order to control the control system of component working, described control system electrically connects with tool magazine described in the 3rd metering device, at least two described in the 3rd linear electric motors, at least two described in the second metering device, at least two described in the second linear electric motors, at least two described in the first metering device, at least two described in the first linear electric motors, at least two described at least two respectively.
Specifically, each described X-axis slide is equipped with the first slide mechanism, described first slide mechanism includes being located on the rear end of described base and along extended at least one pair of spaced first slide rail of described first direction and at least one pair of spaced first chute of being located on the bottom of described X-axis slide and being slidably matched with the first slide rail at least one pair of described, at least one pair of described first slide rail coordinates with the first slide at least one pair of described;
Each described first linear electric motors include first coil and the first magnetic sheet, described first coil is located on the bottom of the described X-axis slide of correspondence and interval between first chute every pair described, described first magnetic sheet is located on the rear end of described base and interval between first slide rail every pair described, and described first coil is oppositely arranged with described first magnetic sheet.
Further, each described first metering device is the first grating scale, described first grating scale includes the first scale grating and the first grating reading head, and described first scale grating is located near described first slide rail of correspondence, and described first grating reading head is located on the described X-axis slide of correspondence.
Specifically, each described Y-axis slide is equipped with the second slide mechanism, at least one pair of spaced second chute that described second slide mechanism includes being located on the described X-axis slide of correspondence and is slidably matched along the bottom of extended at least one pair of spaced second slide rail of described second direction and the described Y-axis slide being located at correspondence and with the second slide rail at least one pair of described, at least one pair of described second slide rail coordinates with the second slide at least one pair of described;
Each described second linear electric motors include the second coil and the second magnetic sheet, described second coil is located on the bottom of the described Y-axis slide of correspondence and interval between second chute every pair described, described second magnetic sheet is located on the described X-axis slide of correspondence and interval between second slide rail every pair described, and described second coil is oppositely arranged with described second magnetic sheet.
Further, each described second metering device is the second grating scale, described second grating scale includes the second scale grating and the second grating reading head, and described second scale grating is located near described second slide rail of correspondence, and described second grating reading head is located on the described Y-axis slide of correspondence.
Specifically, each described Z axis main spindle box is equipped with the 3rd slide mechanism, at least one pair of spaced 3rd chute that described 3rd slide mechanism includes being located on the described Y-axis slide of correspondence and is slidably matched along the bottom of extended at least one pair of spaced 3rd slide rail of the longitudinal direction of described base and the described main spindle box body being located at correspondence and with the 3rd slide rail at least one pair of described, at least one pair of described 3rd slide rail coordinates with the 3rd slide at least one pair of described;
Each described 3rd linear electric motors include tertiary coil and the 3rd magnetic sheet, described tertiary coil is located on the bottom of the described main spindle box body of correspondence and interval between 3rd chute every pair described, described 3rd magnetic sheet is located on the described Y-axis slide of correspondence and interval between 3rd slide rail every pair described, and described tertiary coil is oppositely arranged with described 3rd magnetic sheet.
Further, each described 3rd metering device is the 3rd grating scale, described 3rd grating scale includes the 3rd scale grating and the 3rd grating reading head, and described 3rd scale grating is located near described 3rd slide rail of correspondence, and described 3rd grating reading head is located on the described main spindle box body of correspondence.
Specifically, described workbench is one-body molded with described base.
Specifically, described process equipment also includes at least two turntable corresponding with the quantity of Z axis main spindle box described at least two, and turntable described in this at least two rotates and is located on described workbench, and each described turntable is be oppositely arranged with each described main shaft.
The technique effect of the process equipment of the present invention is: the process equipment of the present invention is mainly by base, workbench, at least two X-axis slide, at least two the first linear electric motors, at least two the first metering device, at least two Y-axis slide, at least two the second linear electric motors, at least two the second metering device, at least two Z axis main spindle box, at least two the 3rd linear electric motors, at least two the 3rd metering device, at least two tool magazine and control system composition, be equivalent to, same base is provided with at least two by X-axis slide, first linear electric motors, first metering device, Y-axis slide, second linear electric motors, second metering device, Z axis main spindle box, 3rd linear electric motors, the machining center of the 3rd metering device and tool magazine composition, accordingly, after workpiece is placed on workbench, by in this at least two machining center same time, workpiece can be carried out different processed, the operation of clamping is reduced with this, be conducive to improving production efficiency.
Simultaneously, setting by the first linear electric motors, the first metering device, in time wanting X-axis slide to slide, first straight-line electric opportunity driven X-axis slide slides, and accurately drive X-axis slide to desired location according to the slip information of the X-axis slide of the first metering device feedback, it is effectively ensured, with this, the accuracy that X-axis slide slides; And by the setting of the second linear electric motors, the second metering device, in time wanting Y-axis slide to slide, second straight-line electric opportunity driven Y-axis slide slides, and accurately drive Y-axis slide to desired location according to the slip information of the Y-axis slide of the second metering device feedback, it is effectively ensured, with this, the accuracy that Y-axis slide slides; And by the setting of the 3rd linear electric motors, the 3rd metering device, in time wanting Z axis main spindle box to slide, 3rd straight-line electric opportunity driven Z axis main spindle box slides, and accurately drive Z axis main spindle box to desired location according to the slip information of the Z axis main spindle box of the 3rd metering device feedback, it is effectively ensured, with this, the accuracy that Z axis main spindle box slides. So, when the workpiece that the main shaft of Z axis main spindle box is opposite to workbench is processed, just can obtain the good machining accuracy of workpiece, and ensure the working (machining) efficiency of complete machine simultaneously.
Further, due to this process equipment adopt linear electric motors drive, this kind of drive acceleration height, compact conformation, without drive gap, without wear and tear, be conducive to raising complete machine reliability.
The present invention also provides for machining production line, including machining area, four above-mentioned process equipments and four in order to the mechanical hand to clamping workpiece and loading and unloading, these four described process equipments are uniformly arranged on the surrounding of described machining area, and each described mechanical hand is located on described machining area and is positioned near each described process equipment. And by the setting of process equipment, both it had been effectively ensured the good machining accuracy of workpiece, can guarantee that again the working (machining) efficiency of whole machining production line.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the axonometric chart of the process equipment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation between the X-axis slide of the process equipment of the present invention, the first linear electric motors and the first metering device;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation between the Y-axis slide of the process equipment of the present invention, the second linear electric motors and the second metering device;
Fig. 4 is the main spindle box body of the process equipment of the present invention, structural representation between the 3rd linear electric motors and the 3rd metering device;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram that the workbench of the process equipment of the present invention is provided with turntable;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the machining production line of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated. Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only in order to explain the present invention, is not intended to limit the present invention.
The embodiment of process equipment:
Refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 4, below the most preferred embodiment of the process equipment of the present invention is illustrated.
The process equipment 100 of the present embodiment, including base 10, workbench 20, at least two X-axis slide 31, at least two the first linear electric motors 32, at least two the first metering device 33, at least two Y-axis slide 41, at least two the second linear electric motors 42, at least two the second metering device 43, at least two Z axis main spindle box 51, at least two the 3rd linear electric motors 52, at least two the 3rd metering device 53, at least two tool magazine 60 and control system (for indicating in figure), below each parts of the process equipment 100 of the present embodiment are further described:
Base 10 is for parts installation settings, wherein, the material of this base 10 is marble, and compared with adopting gray iron material with base of the prior art, the stress of this marble material base 10 is less, and thermal coefficient of expansion is relatively low, once there is variations in temperature, marble itself does not have and comparatively significantly deforms; Base 10 includes front end 11 and the rear end 12 being oppositely arranged with front end 11, and base 10 is provided with first direction and the second direction intersected vertically with first direction, this first direction is then for the X-direction shown in Fig. 1, and second direction is then for the Y direction shown in Fig. 1;
Workbench 20 is place processing with for workpiece, and wherein, the front end 11 of base 10 is located at by workbench 20, and the two ends of this workbench 20 extend in a first direction setting; It is preferred that the material of this workbench 20 is marble, to reduce its possibility deformation occur as far as possible, and this workbench 20 is in a rectangle structure; Further, workbench 20 is one-body molded with base 10, in order to unitized production and processing;
At least two X-axis slide 31 is in order to produce X-axis moving direction, and wherein, this at least two X-axis slide 31 slides in the first direction respectively and is located on the rear end 12 of base 10, and this at least two X-axis slide 31 is arranged along same rectilinear direction interval;
At least two the first linear electric motors 32 are in order to drive at least two X-axis slide 31 to slide work, wherein, linear electric motors refer to and a kind of utilize electromagnetic action principle, electric energy is directly changed into the driving device of rectilinear motion kinetic energy, and it is a kind of motor that can realize linear reciprocating motion; And at least two the first linear electric motors 32 are corresponding with the quantity of at least two X-axis slide 31, and each first linear electric motors 32 are located on each X-axis slide 31;
At least two the first metering device 33 is the sliding distance in order to measure at least two X-axis slide 31, and it is corresponding with the quantity of at least two X-axis slide 31, and each first metering device 33 is located on each X-axis slide 31;
At least two Y-axis slide 41 is in order to produce Y-axis moving direction, and it is corresponding with the quantity of at least two X-axis slide 31, and each Y-axis slide 41 slides in a second direction and is located on each X-axis slide 31;
At least two the second linear electric motors 42 are in order to drive at least two Y-axis slide 41 to slide work, and it is corresponding with the quantity of at least two Y-axis slide 41, and each second linear electric motors 42 are located on each Y-axis slide 41;
At least two the second metering device 43 is the sliding distance in order to measure at least two Y-axis slide 41, and it is corresponding with the quantity of at least two Y-axis slide 41, and each second metering device 43 is located on each Y-axis slide 41;
At least two Z axis main spindle box 51 is be processed processing in order to the workpiece being opposite on workbench 20, and it is corresponding with the quantity of at least two Y-axis slide 41, wherein, each Z axis main spindle box 51 includes a main spindle box body 511 and the main shaft 512 arranged for Cutting tool installation manner, main shaft 512 is located on main spindle box body 511, each main spindle box body 511 is located on each Y-axis slide 41 along the longitudinal direction slip of base 10, and the longitudinal direction of this base 10 is the Z-direction shown in Fig. 1;
At least two the 3rd linear electric motors 52 are in order to drive at least two main spindle box body 511 to slide work, and it is corresponding with the quantity of at least two main spindle box body 511, and each 3rd linear electric motors 52 are located on each main spindle box body 511;
At least two the 3rd metering device 53 is the sliding distance in order to measure at least two main spindle box body 511, and it is corresponding with the quantity of at least two main spindle box body 511, and each 3rd metering device 53 is located on each main spindle box body 511;
At least two tool magazine 60 is with for tool storage and replacing, and it is corresponding with the quantity of at least two Z axis main spindle box 51, and each tool magazine 60 is by an each Z axis main spindle box 51 being set up on base 10 and being adjacent to correspondence;
Control system is in order to control component working, and wherein, control system is mountable on base 10, body structure form can also be located at other position; Control system electrically connects with at least two the first linear electric motors 32, at least two the first metering device 33, at least two the second linear electric motors 42, at least two the second metering device 43, at least two the 3rd linear electric motors 52, at least two the 3rd metering device 53, at least two tool magazine 60 respectively.
The process equipment 100 of the present embodiment is main by base 10, workbench 20, at least two X-axis slide 31, at least two the first linear electric motors 32, at least two the first metering device 33, at least two Y-axis slide 41, at least two the second linear electric motors 42, at least two the second metering device 43, at least two Z axis main spindle box 51, at least two the 3rd linear electric motors 52, at least two the 3rd metering device 53, at least two tool magazine 60 and control system composition, be equivalent to, and same base 10 is provided with at least two by X-axis slide 31, first linear electric motors 32, first metering device 33, Y-axis slide 41, second linear electric motors 42, second metering device 43, Z axis main spindle box 51, 3rd linear electric motors 52, the machining center of the 3rd metering device 53 and tool magazine 60 composition, accordingly, after workpiece being placed on workbench 20, by in this at least two machining center same time, workpiece can be carried out different processed, as one is done Milling Process, another does grinding, with this operation reducing clamping, is conducive to improving production efficiency.
Simultaneously, setting by first linear electric motors the 32, first metering device 33, in time wanting X-axis slide 31 to slide, first linear electric motors 32 can drive X-axis slide 31 to slide, and accurately drive X-axis slide 31 to desired location according to the slip information of X-axis slide 31 of the first metering device 33 feedback, it is effectively ensured, with this, the accuracy that X-axis slide 31 slides; And by the setting of second linear electric motors the 42, second metering device 43, in time wanting Y-axis slide 41 to slide, second linear electric motors 42 can drive Y-axis slide 41 to slide, and accurately drive Y-axis slide 41 to desired location according to the slip information of Y-axis slide 41 of the second metering device 43 feedback, it is effectively ensured, with this, the accuracy that Y-axis slide 41 slides; And by the setting of the 3rd linear electric motors the 52, the 3rd metering device 53, in time wanting Z axis main spindle box 51 to slide, 3rd linear electric motors 52 can drive Z axis main spindle box 51 to slide, and accurately drive Z axis main spindle box 51 to desired location according to the slip information of Z axis main spindle box 51 of the 3rd metering device 53 feedback, it is effectively ensured, with this, the accuracy that Z axis main spindle box 51 slides. So, when the workpiece that the main shaft 512 of Z axis main spindle box 51 is opposite to workbench 20 is processed, just can obtain the good machining accuracy of workpiece, and ensure the working (machining) efficiency of complete machine simultaneously.
Further, owing to this process equipment 100 adopts linear electric motors to drive, this kind of drive acceleration height, compact conformation, without drive gap, without abrasion, be conducive to improving the reliability of complete machine. And adopt the maximum difference that the embodiment of linear motor direct drive compares traditional screw driven embodiment to be, eliminate the machine driving link between (planker) from motor to workbench, it is zero the contraction in length of machine tool feed driving-chain, thus this kind of drive is otherwise known as " Zero-drive Chain ". And, just because of this " Zero-drive Chain " mode, bring former screw drive type of drive and be beyond one's reach performance indications and advantage, particularly as follows:
1. high-speed response: owing to directly eliminating the bigger mechanical transmissioning piece of some responsive time constants (such as leading screw etc.) in system, makes whole closed-loop control system dynamic response performance be greatly improved, and abnormal reaction is sensitive fast.
2. precision is high: linear drive system eliminates the drive gap owing to the mechanical mechanisms such as leading screw produce and error, the tracking error brought when decreasing moving interpolation because drive system is delayed. Detect feedback control by linear position, be namely greatly improved the positioning precision of lathe.
3. dynamic stiffness is high: due to " directly driving ", it is to avoid because of the motion delay phenomenon that the elastic deformation of intermediate transmission link, fretting wear and backlass cause when startup, speed change and commutation, also improve its transmission stiffness simultaneously.
4. speed is fast, acceleration and deceleration process is short: due to the high-speed response of above-mentioned " Zero-drive Chain " so that it is acceleration and deceleration process is greatly shortened. During to realize starting, moment reaches at a high speed, moment standard to stop again during high-speed cruising. Can obtaining higher acceleration, generally up to 2��10g (g=9.8m/s2), and the peak acceleration of ball-screw-transmission generally only has 0.1��0.5g.
5. haul distance is unrestricted: by linear motor of connecting on guide rail, it is possible to its haul distance of indefinite extension.
6. motion is dynamic quiet, noise is low: owing to eliminating the mechanical friction of the parts such as turn-screw, and guide rail can adopt again rolling guide or magnetic pad suspension guide (mechanical contact), and when it moves, noise will be substantially reduced.
7. efficiency is high: owing to without intermediate transmission link, eliminating energy loss during mechanical friction, transmission efficiency is greatly improved. Magnetic suspension structure is adopted between coil and permanent magnetic plate, compare traditional screw drive structure, between linear electric motors actuator contactless, wear away without the rigidity between steel ball or gear, without the gap of forward and reverse driving, noiselessness, mistake without location positioning, and one-time positioning completes, precision permanent stabilization, high life.
Refer to Fig. 2, each X-axis slide 31 of the present embodiment is equipped with the first slide mechanism 34, first slide mechanism 34 includes at least one pair of spaced first slide rail 341 being located on the rear end 12 of base 10 and extending in a first direction setting, and at least one pair of spaced first chute 342 be located on the bottom of X-axis slide 31 and be slidably matched with at least one pair of first slide rail 341, at least one pair of first slide rail 341 is slidably matched with at least one pair of first chute 342, and by this first slide rail 341, the setting of the first chute 342, X-axis slide 31 is made to slide along the first direction set simply and effectively.
Each first linear electric motors 32 include first coil 321 and the first magnetic sheet 322, first coil 321 is located at the interval on the bottom of the X-axis slide 31 of correspondence and between every pair of first chute 342, first magnetic sheet 322 is located on the rear end 12 of base 10 and interval between every pair of first slide rail 341, and first coil 321 is arranged with described first magnetic sheet 322 relative movement, can be regarded as, this first coil 321 is mover, and the first magnetic sheet 322 is stator.
Each first metering device 33 is the first grating scale, and wherein, grating scale, also referred to as grating scale displacement transducer (grating scale sensor), is the measurement feedback device utilizing the optical principle of grating to work; This first grating scale includes the first scale grating 331 and the first grating reading head 332, first scale grating 331 is located near the first slide rail 341 of correspondence, first grating reading head 332 is located on the X-axis slide 31 of correspondence, and the setting of the first grating scale, owing to its signal measuring output is digit pulse, there is detection range big, accuracy of detection is high, the feature of fast response time, accordingly, can accurately control the sliding distance of X-axis slide 31.
Refer to Fig. 3, each Y-axis slide 41 of the present embodiment is equipped with the second slide mechanism 44, second slide mechanism 44 includes being located on the X-axis slide 31 of correspondence and at least one pair of extended in a second direction spaced second slide rail 441, and be located at correspondence Y-axis slide 41 bottom on and at least one pair of spaced second chute 442 of being slidably matched with at least one pair of second slide rail 41, at least one pair of second slide rail 441 is slidably matched with at least one pair of second chute 442, and by this second slide rail 441, the setting of the second chute 442, Y-axis slide 41 is made to slide along the second direction set simply and effectively.
Each second linear electric motors 42 include the second coil 421 and the second magnetic sheet 422, the interval on the bottom of the Y-axis slide 41 of correspondence and between every pair of second chute 442 is located at by second coil 421, second magnetic sheet 422 is located at the interval on the X-axis slide 31 of correspondence and between every pair of second slide rail 441, and second coil 421 and the second magnetic sheet 422 relative movement arrange, can be regarded as, this second coil 421 is mover, and the second magnetic sheet 422 is stator.
Each second metering device 43 is the second grating scale, wherein, this second grating scale includes the second scale grating 431 and the second grating reading head 432, and the second scale grating 431 is located near the second slide rail 441 of correspondence, second grating reading head 432 is located on the Y-axis slide 41 of correspondence, and the setting of the second grating scale, owing to its signal measuring output is digit pulse, there is detection range big, accuracy of detection is high, the feature of fast response time, accordingly, can accurately control the sliding distance of Y-axis slide 41.
Refer to Fig. 4, each Z axis main spindle box 51 of the present embodiment is equipped with the 3rd slide mechanism 54, 3rd slide mechanism 54 includes being located on the Y-axis slide 41 of correspondence and along extended at least one pair of spaced 3rd slide rail 541 of the longitudinal direction of base 10, and be located at correspondence main spindle box body 511 bottom on and at least one pair of spaced 3rd chute 542 of being slidably matched with at least one pair of the 3rd slide rail 541, at least one pair of the 3rd slide rail 541 is slidably matched with at least one pair of the 3rd chute 542, and by the 3rd slide rail 541, the setting of the 3rd chute 542, main spindle box body 511 is made to slide along the longitudinal direction of the base 10 set simply and effectively.
Each 3rd linear electric motors 52 include tertiary coil 521 and the 3rd magnetic sheet 522, the interval on the bottom of the main spindle box body 511 of correspondence and between every pair of the 3rd chute 542 is located at by tertiary coil 521,3rd magnetic sheet 522 is located at the interval on the Y-axis slide 41 of correspondence and between every pair of the 3rd slide rail 541, and tertiary coil 521 and the 3rd magnetic sheet 522 relative movement are arranged, can be regarded as, this tertiary coil 521 is mover, and the 3rd magnetic sheet 522 is stator.
Each 3rd metering device 53 is the 3rd grating scale, 3rd grating scale includes the 3rd scale grating 531 and the 3rd grating reading head 532,3rd scale grating 531 is located near the 3rd slide rail 541 of correspondence, and the 3rd grating reading head 532 is located on the main spindle box body 511 of correspondence, and the setting of the 3rd grating scale, owing to its signal measuring output is digit pulse, having detection range big, accuracy of detection is high, the feature of fast response time, accordingly, the sliding distance of main spindle box body 511 can be accurately controlled.
Refer to Fig. 5, the process equipment 100 of the present embodiment also includes at least two turntable 70 corresponding with the quantity of at least two Z axis main spindle box 51, this at least two turntable 70 rotates to be located on workbench 20, and each turntable 70 and each main shaft 512 are be oppositely arranged, wherein, utilize turntable 70, turntable 70 can be made to rotate 40 �� to+120 �� around its horizontal direction line, thus, the converted products being placed on turntable 70 can be made to rotate-40 �� to+120 �� with horizontal direction line for rotation centerline, and this horizontal direction line is defined as A direction of principal axis; Simultaneously, it is possible with turntable 70, turntable 70 can be made around its longitudinal direction line rotating 360 degrees, thus, the converted products being placed on turntable 70 can be made with longitudinal direction line for rotation centerline rotating 360 degrees, and this longitudinal direction line is defined as W direction of principal axis, then, in conjunction with X, Y, Z axis, five-axle linkage processing just can be realized; Simultaneously, by the setting of this at least two turntable 70, the small part being fixed on turntable 70 can be processed simultaneously, be greatly improved production efficiency.
The embodiment of machining production line:
Refer to Fig. 6, and in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 5, below the most preferred embodiment of the machining production line of the present invention is illustrated.
The machining production line 1 of the present embodiment, including 200, four above-mentioned process equipments 100 of machining area and four in order to the mechanical hand of clamping workpiece and loading and unloading (figure does not indicate), these four process equipments 100 are uniformly arranged on the surrounding of machining area 200, and each mechanical hand is located on machining area 200 and is positioned near each process equipment 100. This machining production line 1 can according to Production requirement, directly installing the duplexes such as milling, mill, three axles, five axles, workpiece clamped one time, multiple working procedure carries out and without dismounting simultaneously, both it is effectively ensured the good machining accuracy of workpiece, can guarantee that again the working (machining) efficiency of whole machining production line.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, its structure is not limited to the above-mentioned shape enumerated, all any amendment, equivalent replacement and improvement etc. made within the spirit and principles in the present invention, should be included within protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. process equipment, it is characterised in that including:
For the base of parts installation settings, described base includes front end and the rear end being oppositely arranged with described front end, and described base is provided with first direction and the second direction intersected vertically with described first direction;
With the workbench placing processing for workpiece, the front end of described base is located at by described workbench, and the two ends of this described workbench are extended along described first direction;
In order to produce at least two X-axis slide of X-axis moving direction, X-axis slide described at least two slides along described first direction respectively and is located on the rear end of described base, and X-axis slide described in this at least two is arranged along same rectilinear direction interval;
In order to drive X-axis slide slip work described at least two and at least two first linear electric motors corresponding with the quantity of X-axis slide described at least two, each described first linear electric motors are located on each described X-axis slide;
In order to measure the sliding distance of X-axis slide described at least two and at least two first metering device corresponding with the quantity of X-axis slide described at least two, each described first metering device is located on each described X-axis slide;
In order to produce Y-axis moving direction and at least two Y-axis slide corresponding with the quantity of X-axis slide described at least two, each described Y-axis slide slides along described second direction and is located on each described X-axis slide;
In order to drive Y-axis slide slip work described at least two and at least two second linear electric motors corresponding with the quantity of Y-axis slide described at least two, each described second linear electric motors are located on each described Y-axis slide;
In order to measure the sliding distance of Y-axis slide described at least two and at least two second metering device corresponding with the quantity of Y-axis slide described at least two, each described second metering device is located on each described Y-axis slide;
Workpiece in order to be opposite on described workbench is processed processing and at least two Z axis main spindle box corresponding with the quantity of Y-axis slide described at least two, each described Z axis main spindle box includes a main spindle box body and the main shaft arranged for Cutting tool installation manner, described main shaft is located on described main spindle box body, and each described main spindle box body is located on each described Y-axis slide along the longitudinal direction slip of described base;
In order to drive main spindle box body slip work described at least two and at least two threeth linear electric motors corresponding with the quantity of main spindle box body described at least two, each described 3rd linear electric motors are located on each described main spindle box body;
In order to measure the sliding distance of main spindle box body described at least two and at least two threeth metering device corresponding with the quantity of main spindle box body described at least two, each described 3rd metering device is located on each described main spindle box body;
With for tool storage and replacing and at least two tool magazine corresponding with the quantity of Z axis main spindle box described at least two, each described tool magazine is located on described base and is adjacent on each described Z axis main spindle box of correspondence; And
In order to control the control system of component working, described control system electrically connects with tool magazine described in the 3rd metering device, at least two described in the 3rd linear electric motors, at least two described in the second metering device, at least two described in the second linear electric motors, at least two described in the first metering device, at least two described in the first linear electric motors, at least two described at least two respectively.
2. process equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: each described X-axis slide is equipped with the first slide mechanism, described first slide mechanism includes being located on the rear end of described base and along extended at least one pair of spaced first slide rail of described first direction and at least one pair of spaced first chute of being located on the bottom of described X-axis slide and being slidably matched with the first slide rail at least one pair of described, at least one pair of described first slide rail coordinates with the first slide at least one pair of described;
Each described first linear electric motors include first coil and the first magnetic sheet, described first coil is located on the bottom of the described X-axis slide of correspondence and interval between first chute every pair described, described first magnetic sheet is located on the rear end of described base and interval between first slide rail every pair described, and described first coil is oppositely arranged with described first magnetic sheet.
3. process equipment as claimed in claim 2, it is characterized in that: each described first metering device is the first grating scale, described first grating scale includes the first scale grating and the first grating reading head, described first scale grating is located near described first slide rail of correspondence, and described first grating reading head is located on the described X-axis slide of correspondence.
4. process equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: each described Y-axis slide is equipped with the second slide mechanism, at least one pair of spaced second chute that described second slide mechanism includes being located on the described X-axis slide of correspondence and is slidably matched along the bottom of extended at least one pair of spaced second slide rail of described second direction and the described Y-axis slide being located at correspondence and with the second slide rail at least one pair of described, at least one pair of described second slide rail coordinates with the second slide at least one pair of described;
Each described second linear electric motors include the second coil and the second magnetic sheet, described second coil is located on the bottom of the described Y-axis slide of correspondence and interval between second chute every pair described, described second magnetic sheet is located on the described X-axis slide of correspondence and interval between second slide rail every pair described, and described second coil is oppositely arranged with described second magnetic sheet.
5. process equipment as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that: each described second metering device is the second grating scale, described second grating scale includes the second scale grating and the second grating reading head, described second scale grating is located near described second slide rail of correspondence, and described second grating reading head is located on the described Y-axis slide of correspondence.
6. process equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: each described Z axis main spindle box is equipped with the 3rd slide mechanism, at least one pair of spaced 3rd chute that described 3rd slide mechanism includes being located on the described Y-axis slide of correspondence and is slidably matched along the bottom of extended at least one pair of spaced 3rd slide rail of the longitudinal direction of described base and the described main spindle box body being located at correspondence and with the 3rd slide rail at least one pair of described, at least one pair of described 3rd slide rail coordinates with the 3rd slide at least one pair of described;
Each described 3rd linear electric motors include tertiary coil and the 3rd magnetic sheet, described tertiary coil is located on the bottom of the described main spindle box body of correspondence and interval between 3rd chute every pair described, described 3rd magnetic sheet is located on the described Y-axis slide of correspondence and interval between 3rd slide rail every pair described, and described tertiary coil is oppositely arranged with described 3rd magnetic sheet.
7. process equipment as claimed in claim 6, it is characterized in that: each described 3rd metering device is the 3rd grating scale, described 3rd grating scale includes the 3rd scale grating and the 3rd grating reading head, described 3rd scale grating is located near described 3rd slide rail of correspondence, and described 3rd grating reading head is located on the described main spindle box body of correspondence.
8. process equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described workbench is one-body molded with described base.
9. the process equipment as described in any one of claim 1-8, it is characterized in that: described process equipment also includes at least two turntable corresponding with the quantity of Z axis main spindle box described at least two, turntable described in this at least two rotates and is located on described workbench, and each described turntable is be oppositely arranged with each described main shaft.
10. machining production line, it is characterized in that: include the process equipment described in machining area, four any one of claim 1-9 and four in order to the mechanical hand to clamping workpiece and loading and unloading, these four described process equipments are uniformly arranged on the surrounding of described machining area, and each described mechanical hand is located on described machining area and is positioned near each described process equipment.
CN201510425370.4A 2015-07-17 2015-07-17 Processing device and processing production line Pending CN105619182A (en)

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