CN205817283U - Process equipment - Google Patents

Process equipment Download PDF

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Publication number
CN205817283U
CN205817283U CN201620665353.8U CN201620665353U CN205817283U CN 205817283 U CN205817283 U CN 205817283U CN 201620665353 U CN201620665353 U CN 201620665353U CN 205817283 U CN205817283 U CN 205817283U
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China
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axis
clamping
spindle box
main spindle
equipment
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CN201620665353.8U
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林志广
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Shenzhen Wanjia Technology Co Ltd
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Shenzhen Wanjia Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201620623887 priority
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Abstract

Process equipment of the present utility model, moves module including base, X-axis, support, Y-axis move module, Z axis main spindle box, Machining of Curved Surface mechanism and control system, and X-axis moves module and includes X-axis work platforms;Prop up and be set up on base and be located at X-axis work platforms;Y-axis moves module and includes Y-axis slide;Z axis main spindle box includes a main spindle box body, main shaft and cutter, and main spindle box body is located on Y-axis slide along the vertical direction slip of base, and main shaft is located on main spindle box body;Machining of Curved Surface mechanism includes rotation platform and clamping jig.When needs carry out Machining of Curved Surface to multiple workpiece simultaneously, as long as passing through clamping jig by multiple clamping workpieces on rotation platform, process equipment just can carry out Machining of Curved Surface to the plurality of workpiece simultaneously, simple and convenient, and it is greatly improved enterprises production efficiency, the beneficially competition development of enterprise.

Description

Process equipment
Technical field
This utility model relates to the technical field of process equipment, particularly relates to a kind of process equipment.
Background technology
Current process equipment, when workpiece is carried out Machining of Curved Surface, often can only one workpiece of time processing, and so Working (machining) efficiency, be unfavorable for undoubtedly current enterprise competition development.
Therefore, it is necessary to provide a kind of technological means to solve drawbacks described above.
Utility model content
The purpose of this utility model is to overcome the defect of prior art, it is provided that process equipment, to solve in prior art Process equipment when workpiece is carried out Machining of Curved Surface can only one workpiece of time processing and to cause enterprises production efficiency low, unfavorable Problem in the competition development of enterprise.
This utility model is achieved in that process equipment, including:
For the base of parts installation settings, described base is provided with X-direction and the Y intersected vertically with described X-direction Direction of principal axis;
In order to make workpiece move module along the X-axis that described X-direction moves, described X-axis moves module and includes one along described X The X-axis work platforms that direction of principal axis slip is located on described base;
With the support installed for parts carry, described is set up on described base and is located at the work of described X-axis and put down Platform;
In order to make appointment object move module along the Y-axis that described Y direction moves, described Y-axis moves module and includes an edge The Y-axis slide of the upper end of described support is located in the slip of described Y direction;
In order to the Z axis main spindle box that workpiece is processed, described Z axis main spindle box include a main spindle box body, main shaft and Cutter, described main spindle box body slides along the vertical direction of described base and is located on described Y-axis slide, and described main shaft is located at described On main spindle box body;Described cutter includes the first process tool that the surface of workpiece can vertically rotate turning and can be to work It is optional that the surface of part vertically rotates the second process tool of milling, described first process tool and described second process tool Selecting property it is arranged on described main shaft;
In order to multiple workpiece to carry out the Machining of Curved Surface mechanism of Machining of Curved Surface simultaneously, described Machining of Curved Surface mechanism includes that one can Rotate and be located at the rotation platform on described X-axis work platforms and be located on described rotation platform for the multiple described work of clamping The clamping jig of part;
In order to control the control system of component working, described control system moves module, described Y-axis respectively with described X-axis Mobile module, described Z axis main spindle box, the electrical connection of described Machining of Curved Surface mechanism.
Specifically, described clamping jig includes can moving up and down near described rotation platform with by multiple described absorption of workpieces And be clamped in the upper surface of described rotation platform clamping part, be located at described clamping part bottom and with described rotation platform Connect fixing clamping connecting portion and be connected the clamping driving to drive described clamping part to move up and down with described clamping part Source.
Further, described clamping jig also includes guiding the guide that described clamping part moves up and down, described Guide is connected to described clamping driving source towards on a side of described clamping part, and movably through described clamping Parts.
It is preferred that described guide is provided with multiple, multiple described guides are connected to described clamping by a plate Driving source is towards on a side of described clamping part.
Specifically, described clamping driving source is a locking cylinder.
Specifically, described support includes that the first leg, the second leg and moving beam, described first leg are located at described On base, and it is positioned at the side of described X-axis work platforms;Described second leg is located on described base, and is positioned at described X-axis work Make the opposite side of platform;One side of described moving beam is located at the upper end of described first leg movably along described X-direction, Another side is located at the upper end of described second leg movably along described X-direction, and described moving beam is positioned at described X-axis work Make the top of platform;
Described Y-axis slide slides along described Y direction and is located on described moving beam.
Specifically, described process equipment also includes the mechanical hand in order to loading and unloading, and described mechanical hand is by being located at the described end Seat.
Specifically, described X-axis moves module and also includes driving the first straight line of described X-axis work platforms slip work Motor and in order to measure the first metering device of the sliding distance of described X-axis work platforms, described first linear electric motors, described First metering device is all located on described X-axis work platforms, and described first linear electric motors, described first metering device are equal and institute State control system electrical connection.
Specifically, described Y-axis moves module and also includes driving the second straight-line electric of described Y-axis slide slip work Machine and in order to measure the second metering device of the sliding distance of described Y-axis slide, described second linear electric motors, described second meter Amount device be all located on described Y-axis slide, and described second linear electric motors, described second metering device all with described control system Electrical connection.
Specifically, described Z axis main spindle box also include driving described main spindle box body slip work the 3rd linear electric motors, And in order to measure the 3rd metering device of the sliding distance of described main spindle box body, described 3rd linear electric motors, described 3rd metering Device is all located on described main spindle box body, and described 3rd linear electric motors, described 3rd metering device all with described control system Electrical connection.
The technique effect of process equipment of the present utility model is: when needs carry out Machining of Curved Surface to multiple workpiece simultaneously, As long as passing through clamping jig by multiple clamping workpieces on rotation platform, process equipment just can to the plurality of workpiece simultaneously Carry out Machining of Curved Surface, simple and convenient, and it is greatly improved enterprises production efficiency, the beneficially competition development of enterprise.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the axonometric chart of process equipment of the present utility model;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that the X-axis of process equipment of the present utility model moves module;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that the Y-axis of process equipment of the present utility model moves module;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the Z axis main spindle box of process equipment of the present utility model;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of the first process tool of process equipment of the present utility model;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the second process tool of process equipment of the present utility model;
Fig. 7 is the schematic diagram of the Machining of Curved Surface mechanism of process equipment of the present utility model;
Fig. 8 is the structural representation of the support of process equipment of the present utility model.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the purpose of this utility model, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and enforcement Example, is further elaborated to this utility model.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein is only in order to explain This utility model, is not used to limit this utility model.
Refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 7, below the most preferred embodiment of process equipment of the present utility model is illustrated.
Include the process equipment 100 of the present embodiment base 10, X-axis move module 20, support 30, Y-axis move module 40, Z Axle main spindle box 50, tool magazine 60, Machining of Curved Surface mechanism 70 and control system (not indicating in figure), the processing to the present embodiment below sets Each parts of standby 100 are further described:
Base 10 is for for parts installation settings, and wherein, the material of this base 10 is marble, and with the end of the prior art Seat uses gray iron material to compare, and the stress of this marble material base 10 is less, and thermal coefficient of expansion is relatively low, temperature once occurs Degree change, marble itself does not haves and the most significantly deforms;It addition, base 10 is provided with X-direction and hangs down with X-direction The straight Y direction intersected;
It is that wherein, X-axis moves module 20 and includes along X-axis side in order to make workpiece move along X-direction that X-axis moves module 20 X-axis work platforms 21 from base 10 to slip that be located on, in order to drive X-axis work platforms 21 to slide the first linear electric motors of work 22, in order to measure the first metering device 23 of the sliding distance of X-axis work platforms 21;Specifically, base 10 is provided with the first cunning Rail 211, and this first slide rail 211 is line slide rail parallel with X-direction, and the bottom of X-axis work platforms 21 is provided with and the The first chute that one slide rail 211 is slidably matched, and by this first slide rail the 211, first chute, be conducive to making X-axis work platforms 21 slide along the X-direction set;These first linear electric motors 22 are located on X-axis work platforms 21, specifically, and this first straight-line electric Machine 22 includes first coil 221 and the first magnetic sheet 222, and first coil 221 moves to be located on the first magnetic sheet 222, it will be appreciated that for, should First coil 221 is mover, and the first magnetic sheet 222 is stator;This first metering device 23 is located on X-axis work platforms 21, relatively Goodly, this first metering device 23 is one first grating scale, wherein, grating scale, also referred to as grating scale displacement transducer (grating scale Sensor), it is the measurement feedback device utilizing the optical principle of grating to work;It addition, this first grating scale includes the first scale Grating 231 and the first grating reading head 232, this first grating reading head 232 mainly by light source, collecting lens, indication grating, Photoelectric cell and guiding mechanism composition, and the first scale grating 231 is located in the fixed component near the first slide rail 211, and the One grating reading head 232 is located on X-axis work platforms 21;
Support 30 is to install with for parts carry, and wherein, this support 30 is marble material, to avoid support 30 to be heated And deformation occurs;This support 10 is bolted is located on base 10 and is located at X-axis work platforms 21;
It is that wherein, Y-axis moves module 40 and includes an edge in order to make appointment object move along Y direction that Y-axis moves module 40 Y direction slide the upper end being located at support 30 Y-axis slide 41, in order to drive Y-axis slide 41 to slide the second straight-line electric of work Machine 42 and in order to measure the second metering device 43 of the sliding distance of Y-axis slide 41, specifically, the upper end of support 30 is provided with Two slide rails 411, and this second slide rail 411 is line slide rail parallel with Y direction, and the bottom of Y-axis slide 41 is provided with and the The second chute that two slide rails 411 are slidably matched, and by this second slide rail the 411, second chute, be conducive to making Y-axis slide 41 edge The Y direction set is slided;These second linear electric motors 42 are located on Y-axis slide 41, and specifically, these second linear electric motors 42 include Second coil 421 and the second magnetic sheet 422, the second coil 421 moves to be located on the second magnetic sheet 422, it will be appreciated that for, this second coil 421 is mover, and the second magnetic sheet 422 is stator;Second metering device 43 is located on Y-axis slide 41, it is preferred that this second metering Device 43 is one second grating scale, and specifically, this second grating scale includes the second scale grating 431 and the second grating reading head 432, this second grating reading head 432 is mainly made up of light source, collecting lens, indication grating, photoelectric cell and guiding mechanism, and Second scale grating 431 is located in the fixed component near the second slide rail 411, and the second grating reading head 432 is located at Y-axis slide On 41;
Z axis main spindle box 50 is in order to be processed workpiece, wherein, Z axis main spindle box 50 include a main spindle box body 51, Main shaft 52, cutter, the 3rd linear electric motors 54 of work of sliding in order to drive shaft casing 51 and in order to measuring spindle casing 51 3rd metering device 55 of sliding distance, main spindle box body 51 along base 10 vertical direction slide be located on Y-axis slide 41, this erect Nogata is to for the Z-direction shown in Fig. 1, and main shaft 52 can rotate around vertical direction line is located on main spindle box body 51;It is preferred that it is main Axle 52 is air-floating main shaft, and this air-floating main shaft (being also called air spindle) refers to gas (typically air, but be also possible to It is other gas) as the sliding bearing of lubricant.Air is less than oily viscosity, high temperature resistant, pollution-free, thus can be used at a high speed In machine, instrument and radioactive device, but its load-bearing capacity is lower than oil;It addition, Y-axis slide 41 is provided with the 3rd slide rail 511, and 3rd slide rail 511 is line slide rail parallel with longitudinal direction, and the bottom of main spindle box body 51 is provided with and the 3rd slide rail 511 is sliding Dynamic the 3rd chute coordinated, and by the 3rd slide rail the 511, second chute, be conducive to making main spindle box body 51 along the longitudinal direction set Slide in direction;3rd linear electric motors 54 are located on main spindle box body 51, and specifically, the 3rd linear electric motors 54 include tertiary coil 541 and the 3rd magnetic sheet 542, tertiary coil 541 moves to be located on the 3rd magnetic sheet 542, it will be appreciated that for, this tertiary coil 541 is Son, and the 3rd magnetic sheet 542 is stator;3rd metering device 55 is located on main spindle box body 51, it is preferred that the 3rd metering device 55 Being one the 3rd grating scale, specifically, the 3rd grating scale includes the 3rd scale grating 551 and the 3rd grating reading head 552, and this is years old Three grating reading heads 552 are mainly made up of light source, collecting lens, indication grating, photoelectric cell and guiding mechanism, and the 3rd scale Grating 551 is located in the fixed component near the 3rd slide rail 511, and the 3rd grating reading head 552 is located on main spindle box body 51;Cutter Tool includes the surface of workpiece can vertically rotating the first process tool 531 of turning and can erecting the surface of workpiece Direct rotary turns the second process tool 532 of milling, and the first process tool 531 and the second process tool 532 may be selectively installed at On main shaft 52;
Tool magazine 60 is that wherein, tool magazine 60 is located on the side of support 30 with for tool storage and replacing;
Machining of Curved Surface mechanism 70 is in order to carry out Machining of Curved Surface to multiple workpiece G simultaneously, and wherein, Machining of Curved Surface mechanism 70 wraps Include a rotation platform 71 being rotatably arranged on X-axis work platforms 21 and be located on rotation platform 71 for the multiple work of clamping The clamping jig 72 of part G;Rotation platform 71 can form five axle connection with X-axis work platforms 21, Y-axis slide 41 and Z axis main spindle box 50 Dynamic processing, rotation platform 71 is rotated by a screw rod and is located on X-axis workbench 21, wherein, utilizes rotation platform 71, can make rotation Platform 71 rotates 40 ° to+120 ° around its horizontal direction line, thus, can make to be placed in the converted products on rotation platform 71 with horizontal stroke It is that rotation centerline rotates-40 ° to+120 ° to line of direction, and this horizontal direction line is defined as A direction of principal axis;Simultaneously, it is possible to utilize Rotation platform 71, can make rotation platform 71 around its longitudinal direction line rotating 360 degrees, thus, can make to be placed on rotation platform 71 Converted products is with longitudinal direction line for rotation centerline rotating 360 degrees, and this longitudinal direction line is defined as W direction of principal axis, then, knot Close X, Y, Z axle, just can realize five-axle linkage processing.
Control system is in order to control component working, and wherein, control system is mountable on base 10, can also casing knot Configuration formula is located at other position;This control system moves module 20 with X-axis respectively, Y-axis moves module 40, Z axis main spindle box 50, cutter Storehouse 60, Machining of Curved Surface mechanism 70 electrically connect;Specifically, this control system and X-axis move the first linear electric motors 22 in module 20, First metering device 23 electrically connects, and meanwhile, this control system and Y-axis move the second linear electric motors 42, second of module 40 and measure Device 43 electrically connects, and this control system electrically connects with the 3rd linear electric motors the 54, the 3rd metering device 55 of Z axis main spindle box 50.
By the setting of first linear electric motors the 22, first metering device 23, in time wanting X-axis work platforms 21 to slide, first Linear electric motors 22 can drive X-axis work platforms 21 to slide, and the cunning of the X-axis work platforms 21 according to the first metering device 23 feedback Dynamic information and accurately drive X-axis work platforms 21 to desired location, with this be effectively ensured that X-axis work platforms 21 slides accurate Property;And by the setting of second linear electric motors the 42, second metering device 43, in time wanting Y-axis slide 41 to slide, the second linear electric motors 42 can drive Y-axis slide 41 to slide, and accurately drive according to the slip information of Y-axis slide 41 of the second metering device 43 feedback Y-axis slide 41 to desired location, is effectively ensured, with this, the accuracy that Y-axis slide 41 slides;And by the 3rd linear electric motors 54, The setting of three metering devices 55, in time wanting Z axis main spindle box 50 to slide, the 3rd linear electric motors 5 can drive Z axis main spindle box 50 to slide, And accurately drive Z axis main spindle box 50 to required position according to the slip information of Z axis main spindle box 50 of the 3rd metering device 55 feedback Put, be effectively ensured, with this, the accuracy that Z axis main spindle box 50 slides.So, it is opposite to X-axis work when the main shaft 52 of Z axis main spindle box 50 Make the workpiece of platform 21 when being processed, just can obtain the preferable machining accuracy of workpiece, and ensure the working (machining) efficiency of complete machine simultaneously.
It addition, use the embodiment of linear motor direct drive to compare the maximum of traditional screw driven embodiment Difference is, eliminates the machine driving link between (planker) from motor to workbench, and the length of machine tool feed driving-chain is contracted Short is zero, thus this kind of drive is otherwise known as " Zero-drive Chain ".And, just because of this " Zero-drive Chain " mode, bring Former screw drive type of drive is beyond one's reach performance indications and advantage, particularly as follows:
1. high-speed response: owing to directly eliminating the bigger mechanical transmissioning piece of some responsive time constants in system (such as silk Thick stick etc.), make whole closed-loop control system dynamic response performance be greatly improved, abnormal reaction is sensitive fast.
2. precision is high: linear drive system eliminates the drive gap and error produced due to mechanical mechanisms such as leading screws, subtracts The tracking error brought because drive system is delayed when having lacked moving interpolation.Feedback control is detected by linear position, can be significantly Improve the positioning precision of lathe.
3. dynamic stiffness is high: due to " directly driving ", it is to avoid because of the elasticity of intermediate transmission link when startup, speed change and commutation The motion delay phenomenon that deformation, fretting wear and backlass cause, also improves its transmission stiffness simultaneously.
4. speed is fast, acceleration and deceleration process is short: due to the high-speed response of above-mentioned " Zero-drive Chain " so that it is acceleration and deceleration process is significantly Shorten.During to realize starting, moment reaches at a high speed, moment standard to stop again during high-speed cruising.Higher acceleration can be obtained, typically Up to 2~10g (g=9.8m/s2), and the peak acceleration of ball-screw-transmission typically only 0.1~0.5g.
5. haul distance is unrestricted: by series connection linear motor on guide rail, it is possible to its stroke of indefinite extension is long Degree.
6. motion is dynamic quiet, noise is low: owing to eliminating the mechanical friction of the parts such as turn-screw, and guide rail can use again Rolling guide or magnetic pad suspension guide (mechanical contact), during its motion, noise will be substantially reduced.
7. efficiency is high: owing to without intermediate transmission link, eliminating energy loss during mechanical friction, transmission efficiency carries significantly High.Use magnetic suspension structure between coil and permanent magnetic plate, compare traditional screw drive structure, nothing between linear electric motors actuator Contact, without the rigidity abrasion between steel ball or gear, without the gap of forward and reverse driving, noiselessness, without the mistake of location positioning, and One-time positioning completes, precision permanent stabilization, high life.
Have plenty of again, by the first process tool 531 and setting of the second process tool 532, add when needs carry out turning Man-hour, as long as being arranged on the first process tool 531 on main shaft 52;And when needing to carry out Milling Process, as long as by second Process tool 532 is arranged on main shaft 52, whole simple to operation, at same process equipment, workpiece can be carried out turning Processing, Milling Process, both avoid the need for dismounting the trouble of workpiece, be greatly improved production efficiency, and processing be effectively ensured with this The surface roughness of workpiece, also can reduce taking up room of workshop, reduces the production cost of enterprise.Further, since the present embodiment Process equipment 100 be turning, milling Compound Machining, accordingly, can be conducive to the curved surface of workpiece is processed.
Further, when needs carry out Machining of Curved Surface to multiple workpiece G simultaneously, as long as by clamping jig 72 by multiple workpiece G clamping is on rotation platform 71, and process equipment 100 just can carry out Machining of Curved Surface to the plurality of workpiece G, the most simultaneously Just, and it is greatly improved enterprises production efficiency, beneficially the competition development of enterprise.
Referring to Fig. 7, and combine Fig. 1, the preferred implementation of the clamping jig 72 in the present embodiment is that it includes going up Under move close to rotation platform 71 with multiple workpiece G are adsorbed and be clamped in rotation platform 71 upper surface clamping part 721, Be located at the bottom of clamping part 721 and be connected with rotation platform 71 fixing clamping connecting portion (not indicating in figure) and with clamping The clamping that parts 721 connect to drive clamping part 721 to move up and down drives source 722.
So, as clamping workpiece G, adsorb multiple workpiece G of required processing first with clamping part 721, then, control Clamping driving source 722 works, and is close to rotation platform 71 driving clamping part 721 to move down, and multiple workpiece G are clamped in rotation The upper surface of platform 71, thus, just completes the clamping of multiple workpiece G, simple and convenient.
It is preferred that in order to ensure clamping part 721 motion track, this clamping jig 72 also includes guiding clamping part The guide 723 that 721 move up and down, guide 723 is connected to clamp driving source 722 towards on a side of clamping part 721, And movably through clamping part 721.
Wherein, for the ease of drawing materials and installation settings, guide 723 is a guide finger, and clamping driving source 722 is a lock Tight cylinder.
It addition, in order to be further ensured that guide effect, guide 723 is provided with multiple, it is preferred that this guide 723 is permissible Arrange six or eight, certainly, other quantity also can be set according to practical situation;Multiple guides 723 pass through a plate 724 and be connected to clamp driving source 722 towards on a side of clamping part 721, and the plurality of guide 723 is along connecting plate 724 be axially uniformly located on connecting plate 724.
Referring to Fig. 5, the preferred implementation of the first process tool 531 in the present embodiment is that it includes turning handle of a knife 5311, seat 5312, turning insert mounting rod 5313 and turning insert 5314 are fixed in turning, turning fix seat 5312 include upper end and The lower end being oppositely arranged with upper end;Turning handle of a knife 5311 is located at turning and is fixed the upper end of seat 5312, and turning handle of a knife 5311 has The turning handle of a knife connecting portion 53111 can being connected with main shaft 52;Turning insert mounting rod 5313 is located at turning and is fixed seat 5312 times End;Turning insert 5314 is located on turning insert mounting rod 5313.Wherein, it is preferred that turning handle of a knife 5311 can use milling machine special Handle of a knife change a social system, accordingly, except can effectively ensure that turning handle of a knife 5311 is arranged on main shaft 52, may also be advantageous for reduce Processing cost.
In order to ensure that turning insert 5314 rotates turning, the vertical direction centrage of turning handle of a knife 5311 around vertical direction line Overlap with the vertical direction centrage of turning insert mounting rod 5313.
Refer to Fig. 5, it is preferred that in order to make turning insert 5314 be easily installed on turning insert mounting rod 5313, car Paring blade 5314 is located on turning insert mounting rod 5313 by a securing member 5315, and further, turning insert is pacified Dress bar 5313 is provided with the locating slot for turning insert 5314 location and installation.
It addition, in order to not only the coupling mechanism force of locking turning insert 5314 is effectively ensured but also be easy to draw materials, securing member 5315 is six Angle screw.
Having plenty of, turning is fixed seat 5312 and is provided with the first keeper 5316 again, and main shaft 52 is provided with can be with the first location The second keeper (not indicating in figure) that part 5316 coordinates, the first process tool 531 is fixed by the first keeper 5316 and second The position cooperation of part and position and be arranged on main shaft 52, thus, user can be easy to and rapidly and accurately the first process tool 531 is installed On main shaft 52.
And it is preferred that for the ease of processing, the first keeper 5316 is a locating dowel, the second keeper is can be with fixed The hole, location that position post grafting coordinates.
Wherein, owing to the cutting edge of turning insert 5314 is wider, it is preferred that less anterior angle, even negative rake can be used Or the cutting edge inclination close to zero degree.So, when using the first process tool 531 to carry out mirror finish, due to turning insert The anterior angle of 5314 is less, and is in high-speed cutting state, and accordingly, surface to be machined is defined by the cutting edge of turning insert 5314 Scraping and extrusion effect, while making surface of the work obtain good fineness, also create hardened layer, improve surface of the work Hardness and use wearability.
The geometry of turning insert 5314 except having with the geometry of workpiece outside the Pass, also can depend on workpiece material Physical characteristic.When being copper, aluminum or nickel such as the material of workpiece, the anterior angle of turning insert 5314 is 0 °, relief angle typically 5 °~10 ° it Between, corner radius commonly uses 0.5~5mm, if the rigidity of machine tool is high, can use bigger corner radius, to reduce work The surface roughness of part, but, during as used less nose radius, in order to not make surface roughness deteriorate, must reduce accordingly The amount of feeding of the first process tool 531.If the material of workpiece is silicon, germanium, CaF2Or during ZnS, the anterior angle one of turning insert 5314 As between-15 °~-45 ° select.
The optimal anterior angle of turning insert 5314, in addition to depending on material itself, also can depend on the firm of lathe and mounting and clamping system Degree.As used natural Buddha's warrior attendant turning insert 5314, it has extreme hardness, extremely abrasive.And, the diamond bit life-span is at a high speed 25 times of steel lathe tool, every diamond bit can be refaced 6~15 times.
Referring to Fig. 6, the preferred implementation of the second process tool 532 in the present embodiment is that it includes milling handle of a knife 5321, milling-cutting cutter disc 5322 and at least one milling cutting insert 5323, milling-cutting cutter disc 5322 includes upper end and is oppositely arranged with upper end Lower end;Milling handle of a knife 5321 is located at the upper end of milling-cutting cutter disc 5322, and milling handle of a knife 5321 has and can be connected with main shaft 52 Milling handle of a knife connecting portion 53211;At least one milling cutting insert 5323 is located at the lower end of milling-cutting cutter disc 5322, wherein, works as milling cutter When sheet 5323 is one, can arbitrarily be disposed on milling-cutting cutter disc 5322, and when milling cutting insert 5323 is multiple, these are many Individual milling cutting insert 5323 can be uniformly arranged on milling-cutting cutter disc 5322, so that stress balance when multiple milling cutting insert 5323 cuts, Reduce its proportion of goods damageds, improve its service life.
It is preferred that the centrage of the vertical direction of milling handle of a knife overlaps with the centrage of the vertical direction of milling-cutting cutter disc, with Ensure cutting effect during milling cutting insert 5323 rotary cutting.
It addition, when using the second process tool 532 to carry out minute surface milling, the cutting speed of the second process tool 532 is led to Often at about 30m/s.In order to be able to process perfect workpiece, main shaft 52 must carry out dynamic balancing after tool changing, to reduce as far as possible The ripple that surface of the work is caused by unbalance dynamic.
If milling cutting insert 5323 is diamond material, its heat-conductive characteristic is preferable, and cutting output is little, usually, and can Milling cutting insert 5323 need not be used coolant.On the contrary, if using coolant, not only increase the matting after processing, and And, the coolant being mingled with iron filings often becomes the seed of trouble of blade chipping.
Further, when using the second process tool 532 that workpiece is carried out Milling Process, the appearance profile of workpiece must be more Steadily, otherwise, after processing, surface of the work is it is possible that problems such as uneven, size limits.
Referring to Fig. 1, in order to reduce the labor intensity of operating personnel, process equipment 100 also includes the machine in order to loading and unloading Tool hands 80, mechanical hand 80 is by being located at base 10.
Referring to Fig. 8, in order to be more beneficial for that workpiece is carried out Machining of Curved Surface, the support 30 in the present embodiment includes first Leg the 31, second leg 32 and moving beam 32, the first leg 31 is vertically located on base 10, and is positioned at X-axis work platforms The side of 21, specifically, the first leg 31 is to extend upward from a side protrusion of base 10 vertical direction along base 10; Second leg 32 is vertically located on base 10, and is positioned at the opposite side of X-axis work platforms 21, specifically, the second leg 32 is certainly Another side protrusion of base 10 vertical direction along base 10 extend upward;One side of moving beam 33 is along X-direction Being located at the upper end of the first leg 31 movably, another side is located at the upper end of the second leg 32 movably along X-direction, specifically Ground, the upper end of the first leg 31 and the second leg 32 is equipped with along the extended slide rail of X-direction, and the two of moving beam 33 The bottom of side is equipped with the chute being slidably matched with this slide rail, and simultaneously, moving beam 33 is positioned at the upper of X-axis work platforms 21 Side;Y-axis slide 41 slides along Y direction and is located on moving beam 33.
The foregoing is only this utility model preferred embodiment, its structure is not limited to the above-mentioned shape enumerated, All any amendment, equivalent and improvement etc. made within spirit of the present utility model and principle, should be included in this reality Within novel protection domain.

Claims (10)

1. process equipment, it is characterised in that including:
For the base of parts installation settings, described base is provided with X-direction and the Y-axis side intersected vertically with described X-direction To;
In order to make workpiece move module along the X-axis that described X-direction moves, described X-axis moves module and includes one along described X-axis side The X-axis work platforms being located on described base to slip;
With the support installed for parts carry, described is set up on described base and is located at described X-axis work platforms;
In order to make appointment object move module along the Y-axis that described Y direction moves, described Y-axis moves module and includes one along described Y The Y-axis slide of the upper end of described support is located in direction of principal axis slip;
In order to the Z axis main spindle box being processed workpiece, described Z axis main spindle box includes a main spindle box body, main shaft and cutter, Described main spindle box body is located on described Y-axis slide along the vertical direction slip of described base, and described main spindle box is located at by described main shaft On body;
In order to multiple workpiece to carry out the Machining of Curved Surface mechanism of Machining of Curved Surface simultaneously, described Machining of Curved Surface mechanism includes that one is rotatable It is located at the rotation platform on described X-axis work platforms and is located on described rotation platform for the multiple described workpiece of clamping Clamping jig;
In order to control the control system of component working, described control system moves module with described X-axis respectively, described Y-axis moves Module, described Z axis main spindle box, the electrical connection of described Machining of Curved Surface mechanism.
2. process equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described clamping jig includes can moving up and down near described Rotation platform with by the clamping part of multiple described absorption of workpieces the upper surface being clamped in described rotation platform, be located at described folder The bottom of tight parts is also connected the clamping connecting portion fixed and is connected to drive institute with described clamping part with described rotation platform State the clamping driving source that clamping part moves up and down.
3. process equipment as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described clamping jig also includes guiding described clamping The guide that parts move up and down, described guide is connected to a described clamping driving source side towards described clamping part On, and movably through described clamping part.
4. process equipment as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: described guide is provided with multiple, multiple described guides Described clamping driving source it is connected to towards on a side of described clamping part by a plate.
5. process equipment as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described clamping driving source is a locking cylinder.
6. process equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described support include the first leg, the second leg and Moving beam, described first leg is located on described base, and is positioned at the side of described X-axis work platforms;Described second leg It is located on described base, and is positioned at the opposite side of described X-axis work platforms;One side of described moving beam is along described X-axis side To being located at the upper end of described first leg movably, another side is located at described second leg movably along described X-direction Upper end, and described moving beam is positioned at the top of described X-axis work platforms;
Described Y-axis slide slides along described Y direction and is located on described moving beam.
7. process equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: also include the mechanical hand in order to loading and unloading, described machinery Hands is by being located at described base.
8. the process equipment as described in any one of claim 1-7, it is characterised in that: described X-axis move module also include in order to Drive the first linear electric motors of described X-axis work platforms slip work and in order to measure the sliding distance of described X-axis work platforms The first metering device, described first linear electric motors, described first metering device are all located on described X-axis work platforms, and institute State the first linear electric motors, described first metering device all electrically connects with described control system.
9. the process equipment as described in any one of claim 1-7, it is characterised in that: described Y-axis move module also include in order to Drive the second linear electric motors of described Y-axis slide slip work and in order to measure the second meter of the sliding distance of described Y-axis slide Amount device, described second linear electric motors, described second metering device are all located on described Y-axis slide, and described second straight-line electric Machine, described second metering device all electrically connect with described control system.
10. the process equipment as described in any one of claim 1-7, it is characterised in that: described Z axis main spindle box also includes driving Move the 3rd linear electric motors of described main spindle box body slip work and in order to measure the 3rd of the sliding distance of described main spindle box body Metering device, described 3rd linear electric motors, described 3rd metering device are all located on described main spindle box body, and described 3rd straight line Motor, described 3rd metering device all electrically connect with described control system.
CN201620665353.8U 2016-06-22 2016-06-29 Process equipment Active CN205817283U (en)

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Cited By (4)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107186580A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-09-22 重庆长江电工工业集团有限公司 A kind of arc mould grinding machine and mould processing technology
CN109500719A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-03-22 中原工学院 Ultraprecise small abrasive nose burnishing machine
CN110385465A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-10-29 安徽英力电子科技股份有限公司 Plastic mills material machine
CN112518347A (en) * 2020-12-22 2021-03-19 韩金魁 Multifunctional drilling machine

Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107186580A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-09-22 重庆长江电工工业集团有限公司 A kind of arc mould grinding machine and mould processing technology
CN109500719A (en) * 2018-11-29 2019-03-22 中原工学院 Ultraprecise small abrasive nose burnishing machine
CN109500719B (en) * 2018-11-29 2020-11-03 中原工学院 Ultra-precise small grinding head polishing machine tool
CN110385465A (en) * 2019-07-09 2019-10-29 安徽英力电子科技股份有限公司 Plastic mills material machine
CN112518347A (en) * 2020-12-22 2021-03-19 韩金魁 Multifunctional drilling machine

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