CN105945334A - Machining device - Google Patents

Machining device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105945334A
CN105945334A CN201610319102.9A CN201610319102A CN105945334A CN 105945334 A CN105945334 A CN 105945334A CN 201610319102 A CN201610319102 A CN 201610319102A CN 105945334 A CN105945334 A CN 105945334A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
axis
milling
turning
tool
spindle box
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610319102.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
林志广
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
SHENZHEN WANJIA TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.
Original Assignee
Shenzhen Wanjia Technology Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Shenzhen Wanjia Technology Co Ltd filed Critical Shenzhen Wanjia Technology Co Ltd
Priority to CN201610319102.9A priority Critical patent/CN105945334A/en
Publication of CN105945334A publication Critical patent/CN105945334A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C1/00Milling machines not designed for particular work or special operations
    • B23C1/06Milling machines not designed for particular work or special operations with one vertical working-spindle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C1/00Milling machines not designed for particular work or special operations
    • B23C1/14Milling machines not designed for particular work or special operations with rotary work-carrying table
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23CMILLING
    • B23C5/00Milling-cutters
    • B23C5/26Securing milling cutters to the driving spindle
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q1/00Members which are comprised in the general build-up of a form of machine, particularly relatively large fixed members
    • B23Q1/01Frames, beds, pillars or like members; Arrangement of ways
    • B23Q1/017Arrangements of ways
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23QDETAILS, COMPONENTS, OR ACCESSORIES FOR MACHINE TOOLS, e.g. ARRANGEMENTS FOR COPYING OR CONTROLLING; MACHINE TOOLS IN GENERAL CHARACTERISED BY THE CONSTRUCTION OF PARTICULAR DETAILS OR COMPONENTS; COMBINATIONS OR ASSOCIATIONS OF METAL-WORKING MACHINES, NOT DIRECTED TO A PARTICULAR RESULT
    • B23Q3/00Devices holding, supporting, or positioning work or tools, of a kind normally removable from the machine
    • B23Q3/155Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling
    • B23Q3/157Arrangements for automatic insertion or removal of tools, e.g. combined with manual handling of rotary tools

Abstract

The invention provides a machining device. The machining device comprises a base, an X-axis movement module, a support, a Y-axis movement module, a Z-axis spindle box and a control system. The Z-axis spindle box comprises a spindle box body, a spindle and tools. The spindle is arranged on the spindle box body. The spindle box body is arranged on a Y-axis slide base of the Y-axis movement module. The tools include the first machining tool and the second machining tool. The first machining tool and the second machining tool are selectively installed on the spindle. By means of the arrangement of the first machining tool and the second machining tool, when turning machining needs to be conducted, only the first machining tool needs to be installed on the spindle; and when milling machining needs to be conducted, only the second machining tool needs to be installed on the spindle. The whole operation is easy and convenient; in other words, turning machining and milling machining can be conducted on workpieces on the same machining device, the trouble that the workpieces need to be disassembled and assembled is avoided, the production efficiency can be greatly improved, and the surface roughness of the machined workpieces are effectively ensured.

Description

Process equipment
Technical field
The present invention relates to the technical field of process equipment, particularly relate to a kind of process equipment.
Background technology
Some cell phone rear covers, before carrying out sandblasting, anodising, need to be processed its surface roughness Process, and the surface roughness requirements of these cell phone rear covers reaches smaller value, is equivalent to reach mirror effect. At present, major part manufacturer passes through polishing to reach mirror effect.But, by a cell phone rear cover polishing Mirror effect is become to need 20 minutes, it is seen then that this kind of processing method process-cycle length, efficiency are low, but also take With height, processing effect is not good enough, scrappage is high.
It addition, part manufacturer can use machining center, with the surface roughness of processing mobile phone bonnet.And it adds Work method be mostly rough turn/rough mill, finish turning/finish-milling.But, car/Milling Machining in requisition for lathe, milling machine, And lathe is two kinds of different lathes with milling machine, in other words, turnery processing need to be carried out at lathe, Milling Process Need to carry out at milling machine.So, according to the surface roughness of existing Cutter Body Processing with Machining Center cell phone rear cover, no But needing multiple clamping, time-consuming, production efficiency is low, and the surface roughness of cell phone rear cover is also difficult to Ensure.
Therefore, it is necessary to provide a kind of technological means to solve drawbacks described above.
Summary of the invention
It is an object of the invention to overcome the defect of prior art, it is provided that process equipment, to solve prior art In process equipment lack and cause workpiece with turnery processing function and Milling Process function to carry out surface thick Rugosity adds man-hour requirement being dismounted for multiple times correspondence can carry out turnery processing, Milling Process, thus affects production effect Rate the problem being difficult to ensure that surface roughness.
The present invention is achieved in that process equipment, including:
For the base of parts installation settings, described base is provided with X-direction and vertical with described X-direction The Y direction intersected;
In order to make workpiece move module along the X-axis that described X-direction moves, described X-axis moves module and includes The one X-axis work platforms being located on described base along the slip of described X-direction;
With the support installed for parts carry, described is set up on described base and is located at described X Axle work platforms;
In order to make appointment object move module along the Y-axis that described Y direction moves, described Y-axis moves module It is located at the Y-axis slide of the upper end of described support along the slip of described Y direction including one;
In order to the Z axis main spindle box that workpiece is processed, described Z axis main spindle box include a main spindle box body, Main shaft and cutter, described main spindle box body along described base vertical direction slide be located on described Y-axis slide, Described main shaft is located on described main spindle box body;Described cutter includes the surface of workpiece being carried out vertical carrousel The first process tool cut and the second process tool that the surface of workpiece vertically can be rotated milling, institute State the first process tool and described second process tool may be selectively installed on described main shaft;
In order to control the control system of component working, described control system move with described X-axis respectively module, Described Y-axis moves module, the electrical connection of described Z axis main spindle box.
Specifically, described first process tool includes that turning handle of a knife, turning fix seat, turning insert mounting rod And turning insert, described turning is fixed seat and is included upper end and the lower end being oppositely arranged with described upper end;Described car Sharpener handle is located at described turning and fixes the upper end of seat, and described turning handle of a knife has and can be connected with described main shaft Turning handle of a knife connecting portion;Described turning insert mounting rod is located at described turning and is fixed the lower end of seat;Described turning Blade is located on described turning insert mounting rod.
Further, described turning insert is located on described turning insert mounting rod by a securing member.
Further, described securing member is hex(agonal)screw.
It is preferred that seat is fixed in described turning is provided with the first keeper, described main shaft is provided with can be with described The second keeper that positioning piece coordinates, described first process tool is by described first keeper and described the The cooperation of two keepers and position and be arranged on described main shaft.
Further, described first keeper is a locating dowel, and described second keeper is can be with described location The hole, location that post grafting coordinates.
Specifically, described second process tool includes milling handle of a knife, milling-cutting cutter disc and at least one milling cutting insert, Described milling-cutting cutter disc includes upper end and the lower end being oppositely arranged with described upper end;Described milling handle of a knife is located at described The upper end of milling-cutting cutter disc, and described milling handle of a knife has the milling handle of a knife connecting portion can being connected with described main shaft; At least one described milling cutting insert is located at the lower end of described milling-cutting cutter disc.
Specifically, described X-axis moves module and also includes driving described X-axis work platforms slip work First linear electric motors and in order to measure the first metering device of the sliding distance of described X-axis work platforms, institute State the first linear electric motors, described first metering device is all located on described X-axis work platforms, and described first Linear electric motors, described first metering device all electrically connect with described control system.
Specifically, described Y-axis moves module and also includes driving the second of described Y-axis slide slip work Linear electric motors and in order to measure the second metering device of the sliding distance of described Y-axis slide are described second straight Line motor, described second metering device are all located on described Y-axis slide, and described second linear electric motors, institute State the second metering device all to electrically connect with described control system.
Specifically, described Z axis main spindle box also includes driving the 3rd straight of described main spindle box body slip work Line motor and in order to measure the 3rd metering device of the sliding distance of described main spindle box body, described 3rd straight line Motor, described 3rd metering device are all located on described main spindle box body, and described 3rd linear electric motors, described 3rd metering device all electrically connects with described control system.
The technique effect of the process equipment of the present invention is: by setting of the first process tool and the second process tool Put, when needs carry out turnery processing, as long as the first process tool is arranged on main shaft;And need It is when carrying out Milling Process, as long as the second process tool is arranged on main shaft, whole simple to operation, At same process equipment, workpiece can be carried out turnery processing, Milling Process, both avoid the need for dismounting workpiece Trouble, is greatly improved production efficiency, and surface roughness processing workpiece being effectively ensured with this, also can reduce Taking up room of workshop, reduces the production cost of enterprise.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the axonometric chart of the process equipment of the present invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation that the X-axis of the process equipment of the present invention moves module;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation that the Y-axis of the process equipment of the present invention moves module;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the Z axis main spindle box of the process equipment of the present invention;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of the first process tool of the process equipment of the present invention;
Fig. 6 is the schematic diagram of the second process tool of the process equipment of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make the purpose of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearer, below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and reality Execute example, the present invention is further elaborated.Only should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein Only in order to explain the present invention, it is not intended to limit the present invention.
Refer to Fig. 1 to Fig. 6, below the most preferred embodiment of the process equipment of the present invention is illustrated.
Include the process equipment 100 of the present embodiment base 10, X-axis move module 20, support 30, Y-axis Mobile module 40, Z axis main spindle box 50, tool magazine 60 and control system (not indicating in figure), below to this Each parts of the process equipment 100 of embodiment are further described:
Base 10 is for for parts installation settings, and wherein, the material of this base 10 is marble, and with existing Base in technology uses gray iron material to compare, and the stress of this marble material base 10 is less, Er Qiere The coefficient of expansion is relatively low, variations in temperature once occurs, and marble itself does not haves and the most significantly deforms;Separately Outward, base 10 is provided with X-direction and the Y direction intersected vertically with X-direction;
It is that wherein, X-axis moves module 20 in order to make workpiece move along X-direction that X-axis moves module 20 Including the X-axis work platforms 21 being located on base 10 along X-direction slip, in order to drive X-axis work flat Platform 21 slide work the first linear electric motors 22, in order to measure the sliding distance of X-axis work platforms 21 First metering device 23;Specifically, base 10 is provided with the first slide rail 211, and this first slide rail 211 For line slide rail parallel with X-direction, and the bottom of X-axis work platforms 21 is provided with and the first slide rail 211 The first chute being slidably matched, and by this first slide rail the 211, first chute, be conducive to making X-axis work Platform 21 slides along the X-direction set;These first linear electric motors 22 are located on X-axis work platforms 21, Specifically, these first linear electric motors 22 include first coil 221 and the first magnetic sheet 222, first coil 221 Move and be located on the first magnetic sheet 222, it will be appreciated that for, this first coil 221 is mover, and the first magnetic sheet 222 is stator;This first metering device 23 is located on X-axis work platforms 21, it is preferred that this first meter Amount device 23 is one first grating scale, wherein, grating scale, also referred to as grating scale displacement transducer (grating Chi sensor), it is the measurement feedback device utilizing the optical principle of grating to work;It addition, this first grating Chi includes the first scale grating 231 and the first grating reading head 232, and this first grating reading head 232 is main It is made up of light source, collecting lens, indication grating, photoelectric cell and guiding mechanism, and the first scale grating 231 are located in the fixed component near the first slide rail 211, and the first grating reading head 232 is located at X-axis work Make on platform 21;
Support 30 is to install with for parts carry, and wherein, this support 30 is marble material, to avoid Support 30 is heated and deformation occurs;This support 10 is bolted to be located on base 10 and is located at X Axle work platforms 21, specifically, support 30 is mainly spaced by the first leg 31 and the first leg 31 and sets The second leg 32 put and one end are connected to the first leg 31 and the other end is connected to the second leg 32 Crossbeam 33 form, the first leg 31 and the second leg 32 are divided into the both sides of X-axis work platforms 21, And crossbeam 33 is positioned at the top of X-axis work platforms 21;
It is that wherein, Y-axis moves module in order to make appointment object move along Y direction that Y-axis moves module 40 40 include one along Y direction slide the upper end being located at support 30 Y-axis slide 41, in order to drive Y-axis sliding Second linear electric motors 42 of seat 41 slip work and in order to measure the of the sliding distance of Y-axis slide 41 Two metering devices 43, specifically, the crossbeam 33 of support 30 is provided with the second slide rail 411, and this second cunning Rail 411 is line slide rail parallel with Y direction, and the bottom of Y-axis slide 41 is provided with and the second slide rail 411 the second chutes being slidably matched, and by this second slide rail the 411, second chute, be conducive to making Y-axis Slide 41 slides along the Y direction set;These second linear electric motors 42 are located on Y-axis slide 41, tool Body ground, these second linear electric motors 42 include the second coil 421 and the second magnetic sheet 422, the second coil 421 Move and be located on the second magnetic sheet 422, it will be appreciated that for, this second coil 421 is mover, and the second magnetic sheet 422 is stator;Second metering device 43 is located on Y-axis slide 41, it is preferred that this second metering device 43 is one second grating scale, and specifically, this second grating scale includes the second scale grating 431 and the second light Grid read head 432, this second grating reading head 432 is main by light source, collecting lens, indication grating, light Electric device and guiding mechanism composition, and the second scale grating 431 is located at the fixed part near the second slide rail 411 On part, and the second grating reading head 432 is located on Y-axis slide 41;
Z axis main spindle box 50 is in order to be processed workpiece, and wherein, Z axis main spindle box 50 includes one Main spindle box body 51, main shaft 52, cutter, the 3rd linear electric motors of work of sliding in order to drive shaft casing 51 54 and the 3rd metering device 55 of sliding distance in order to measuring spindle casing 51, main spindle box body 51 is the end of along The vertical direction of seat 10 slides and is located on Y-axis slide 41, and this vertical direction is the Z axis side shown in Fig. 1 To, main shaft 52 can rotate around vertical direction line to be located on main spindle box body 51;It is preferred that main shaft 52 is gas Floating main shaft, this air-floating main shaft (being also called air spindle) refers to gas (typically air, but also have It is probably other gas) as the sliding bearing of lubricant.Air is less than oily viscosity, high temperature resistant, without dirty Dye, thus can be used in high speed machines, instrument and radioactive device, but its load-bearing capacity is lower than oil;It addition, Y-axis slide 41 is provided with the 3rd slide rail 511, and the 3rd slide rail 511 is line slide rail and longitudinal direction Parallel, and the bottom of main spindle box body 51 is provided with the 3rd chute being slidably matched with the 3rd slide rail 511, and borrow By the 3rd slide rail the 511, second chute, be conducive to making main spindle box body 51 slide along the longitudinal direction set; 3rd linear electric motors 54 are located on main spindle box body 51, and specifically, the 3rd linear electric motors 54 include Three-winding 541 and the 3rd magnetic sheet 542, tertiary coil 541 moves to be located on the 3rd magnetic sheet 542, it will be appreciated that For, this tertiary coil 541 is mover, and the 3rd magnetic sheet 542 is stator;3rd metering device 55 is located at On main spindle box body 51, it is preferred that the 3rd metering device 55 is one the 3rd grating scale, specifically, this Three grating scales include the 3rd scale grating 551 and the 3rd grating reading head 552, the 3rd grating reading head 552 Mainly it is made up of light source, collecting lens, indication grating, photoelectric cell and guiding mechanism, and the 3rd scale light Grid 551 are located in the fixed component near the 3rd slide rail 511, and the 3rd grating reading head 552 is located at main shaft On casing 51;Cutter include can the surface of workpiece vertically being rotated turning the first process tool 531, And the surface of workpiece vertically can be rotated the second process tool 532 of milling, the first process tool 531 May be selectively installed on main shaft 52 with the second process tool 532;
Tool magazine 60 is that wherein, tool magazine 60 is located on the side of support 30 with for tool storage and replacing;
Control system is in order to control component working, and wherein, control system is mountable on base 10, also Other position can be located at body structure form;This control system moves module 20 respectively with X-axis, Y-axis is moved Dynamic model group 40, Z axis main spindle box 50, tool magazine 60 electrically connect;Specifically, this control system moves with X-axis First linear electric motors the 22, first metering device 23 in module 20 electrically connects, meanwhile, and this control system Second linear electric motors the 42, second metering device 43 moving module 40 with Y-axis electrically connects, this control system System electrically connects with the 3rd linear electric motors the 54, the 3rd metering device 55 of Z axis main spindle box 50.
By the setting of first linear electric motors the 22, first metering device 23, in wanting X-axis work platforms 21 During slip, the first linear electric motors 22 can drive X-axis work platforms 21 to slide, and according to the first metering device The slip information of X-axis work platformses 21 of 23 feedbacks and accurately drive X-axis work platforms 21 to required position Put, be effectively ensured, with this, the accuracy that X-axis work platforms 21 slides;And by the second linear electric motors 42, The setting of the second metering device 43, in time wanting Y-axis slide 41 to slide, the second linear electric motors 42 can drive Y-axis slide 41 slides, and according to second metering device 43 feedback Y-axis slide 41 slip information and Accurately drive Y-axis slide 41 to desired location, be effectively ensured, with this, the accuracy that Y-axis slide 41 slides; And by the setting of the 3rd linear electric motors the 54, the 3rd metering device 55, slide in wanting Z axis main spindle box 50 Time, the 3rd linear electric motors 5 can drive Z axis main spindle box 50 to slide, and feeds back according to the 3rd metering device 55 The slip information of Z axis main spindle box 50 and accurately drive Z axis main spindle box 50 to desired location, effective with this Ensure the accuracy that Z axis main spindle box 50 slides.So, it is opposite to when the main shaft 52 of Z axis main spindle box 50 When the workpiece of X-axis work platforms 21 is processed, just can obtain the preferable machining accuracy of workpiece, and simultaneously Ensure the working (machining) efficiency of complete machine.
It addition, use the embodiment of linear motor direct drive to compare traditional screw driven embodiment Maximum difference be to eliminate the machine driving link between (planker) from motor to workbench, lathe The contraction in length of feeding driving-chain is zero, thus this kind of drive is otherwise known as " Zero-drive Chain ".And, Just because of this " Zero-drive Chain " mode, bring the former screw drive type of drive performance that is beyond one's reach and refer to Mark and advantage, particularly as follows:
1. high-speed response: owing to directly eliminating the mechanical transmissioning piece that some responsive time constants are bigger in system (such as leading screw etc.), makes whole closed-loop control system dynamic response performance be greatly improved, and abnormal reaction is sensitive soon Prompt.
2. precision is high: linear drive system eliminates the drive gap and mistake produced due to mechanical mechanisms such as leading screws Difference, the tracking error brought because drive system is delayed when decreasing moving interpolation.Anti-by linear position detection Feedback controls, and is i.e. greatly improved the positioning precision of lathe.
3. dynamic stiffness is high: due to " directly driving ", it is to avoid because of intermediate transmission when startup, speed change and commutation The motion delay phenomenon that the elastic deformation of link, fretting wear and backlass cause, also improves it simultaneously Transmission stiffness.
4. speed is fast, acceleration and deceleration process is short: due to the high-speed response of above-mentioned " Zero-drive Chain " so that it is add Moderating process is greatly shortened.During to realize starting, moment reaches at a high speed, moment standard to stop again during high-speed cruising. Can obtain higher acceleration, typically up to 2~10g (g=9.8m/s2), and ball-screw-transmission is High acceleration typically only 0.1~0.5g.
5. haul distance is unrestricted: on guide rail by series connection linear motor, it is possible to indefinite extension its Haul distance.
6. motion is dynamic quiet, noise is low: owing to eliminating the mechanical friction of the parts such as turn-screw, and guide rail Can use again rolling guide or magnetic pad suspension guide (mechanical contact), during its motion, noise will be substantially reduced.
7. efficiency is high: owing to without intermediate transmission link, eliminating energy loss during mechanical friction, transmission is imitated Rate is greatly improved.Use magnetic suspension structure between coil and permanent magnetic plate, compare traditional screw drive structure, Between linear electric motors actuator contactless, without between steel ball or gear rigidity wear away, without between forward and reverse driving Gap, noiselessness, without the mistake of location positioning, and one-time positioning completes, precision permanent stabilization, uses the longevity Life height.
Have plenty of again, by the first process tool 531 and setting of the second process tool 532, when needs enter During row turnery processing, as long as the first process tool 531 is arranged on main shaft 52;And need to carry out During Milling Process, as long as the second process tool 532 is arranged on main shaft 52, whole simple to operate Convenient, at same process equipment, workpiece can be carried out turnery processing, Milling Process, both avoid the need for dismounting The trouble of workpiece, is greatly improved production efficiency, and the surface roughness of processing workpiece is effectively ensured with this, also Taking up room of workshop can be reduced, reduce the production cost of enterprise.Further, since the processing of the present embodiment sets Standby 100 is turning, milling Compound Machining, accordingly, can be conducive to being processed the curved surface of workpiece.
Referring to Fig. 5, the preferred implementation of the first process tool 531 in the present embodiment is that it includes Turning handle of a knife 5311, turning fix seat 5312, turning insert mounting rod 5313 and turning insert 5314, Turning is fixed seat 5312 and is included upper end and the lower end being oppositely arranged with upper end;Turning handle of a knife 5311 is located at turning Fix the upper end of seat 5312, and turning handle of a knife 5311 has the turning handle of a knife can being connected with main shaft 52 and connects Portion 53111;Turning insert mounting rod 5313 is located at turning and is fixed the lower end of seat 5312;Turning insert 5314 It is located on turning insert mounting rod 5313.Wherein, it is preferred that turning handle of a knife 5311 can use milling machine special Handle of a knife change a social system, accordingly, except can effectively ensure that turning handle of a knife 5311 is arranged on main shaft 52, also Processing cost can be advantageously reduced.
In order to ensure that turning insert 5314 rotates turning around vertical direction line, the vertical side of turning handle of a knife 5311 Overlap with the vertical direction centrage of turning insert mounting rod 5313 to centrage.
Refer to Fig. 5, it is preferred that in order to make turning insert 5314 be easily installed at turning insert mounting rod On 5313, turning insert 5314 is located on turning insert mounting rod 5313 by a securing member 5315, And further, turning insert mounting rod 5313 is provided with the location for turning insert 5314 location and installation Groove.
It addition, in order to not only the coupling mechanism force of locking turning insert 5314 is effectively ensured but also be easy to draw materials, securing member 5315 is hex(agonal)screw.
Having plenty of, turning is fixed seat 5312 and is provided with the first keeper 5316, and main shaft 52 is provided with can again The second keeper (not indicating in figure) coordinated with the first keeper 5316, the first process tool 531 leads to Cross the first keeper 5316 to position be arranged on main shaft 52 with the second coordinating of keeper, thus, can be just Rapidly and accurately the first process tool 531 is arranged on main shaft 52 in user.
And it is preferred that for the ease of processing, the first keeper 5316 is a locating dowel, the second location Part is the hole, location that can coordinate with locating dowel grafting.
Wherein, owing to the cutting edge of turning insert 5314 is wider, it is preferred that less anterior angle can be used, very To being negative rake or the cutting edge inclination close to zero degree.So, when using the first process tool 531 to carry out minute surface Add man-hour, owing to the anterior angle of turning insert 5314 is less, and be in high-speed cutting state, accordingly, car The cutting edge of paring blade 5314 defines scraping and extrusion effect to surface to be machined, makes surface of the work obtain While good fineness, also create hardened layer, improve surface of the work hardness and use wearability.
The geometry of turning insert 5314 except having with the geometry of workpiece outside the Pass, also can depend on work The physical characteristic of part material.When being copper, aluminum or nickel such as the material of workpiece, the anterior angle of turning insert 5314 is 0 °, relief angle is typically between 5 °~10 °, and corner radius commonly uses 0.5~5mm, if the rigidity of machine tool is high, Bigger corner radius can be used, to reduce the surface roughness of workpiece, but, as less in used During nose radius, in order to not make surface roughness deteriorate, the feeding of the first process tool 531 must be reduced accordingly Amount.If the material of workpiece is silicon, germanium, CaF2Or during ZnS, the anterior angle of turning insert 5314 is typically-15 °~-45 ° between select.
The optimal anterior angle of turning insert 5314, in addition to depending on material itself, also can depend on lathe and clamping The rigidity of system.As used natural Buddha's warrior attendant turning insert 5314, it has extreme hardness, extremely abrasive.And And, the diamond bit life-span is 25 times of high-speed steel bit, and every diamond bit can reface 6~15 Secondary.
Referring to Fig. 6, the preferred implementation of the second process tool 532 in the present embodiment is that it includes Milling handle of a knife 5321, milling-cutting cutter disc 5322 and at least one milling cutting insert 5323, milling-cutting cutter disc 5322 wraps Include upper end and the lower end being oppositely arranged with upper end;Milling handle of a knife 5321 is located at the upper end of milling-cutting cutter disc 5322, And milling handle of a knife 5321 has the milling handle of a knife connecting portion 53211 can being connected with main shaft 52;At least one milling Paring blade 5323 is located at the lower end of milling-cutting cutter disc 5322, wherein, when milling cutting insert 5323 is one, Can arbitrarily be disposed on milling-cutting cutter disc 5322, and when milling cutting insert 5323 is multiple, the plurality of Milling cutting insert 5323 can be uniformly arranged on milling-cutting cutter disc 5322, so that multiple milling cutting insert 5323 cuts Time stress balance, reduce its proportion of goods damageds, improve its service life.
It is preferred that the centrage weight of the vertical direction of the centrage of the vertical direction of milling handle of a knife and milling-cutting cutter disc Close, to ensure cutting effect during milling cutting insert 5323 rotary cutting.
It addition, when using the second process tool 532 to carry out minute surface milling, cutting of the second process tool 532 Cut speed generally at about 30m/s.In order to be able to process perfect workpiece, main shaft 52 is necessary after tool changing Carry out dynamic balancing, to reduce the ripple that surface of the work is caused by unbalance dynamic as far as possible.
If milling cutting insert 5323 is diamond material, its heat-conductive characteristic is preferable, and cutting output is little, one As, it may not be necessary to milling cutting insert 5323 is used coolant.On the contrary, if using coolant, not only increase Matting after processing, and, the coolant being mingled with iron filings often becomes the seed of trouble of blade chipping.
Further, when using the second process tool 532 that workpiece is carried out Milling Process, the appearance profile of workpiece Must be more steady, otherwise, after processing, surface of the work is it is possible that problems such as uneven, size limits.
Referring to Fig. 1, the process equipment 100 of the present embodiment also includes can be with X-axis work platforms 21, Y-axis Slide 41 and Z axis main spindle box 50 form the turntable 70 of five-axle linkage processing, and turntable 70 rotates and is located at On X-axis workbench 21, wherein, utilize turntable 70, turntable 70 can be made to rotate around its horizontal direction line 40 ° to+120 °, thus, the converted products being placed on turntable 70 can be made with horizontal direction line for rotation Turn centrage and rotate-40 ° to+120 °, and this horizontal direction line is defined as A direction of principal axis;Simultaneously, it is possible to Utilize turntable 70, turntable 70 can be made around its longitudinal direction line rotating 360 degrees, thus, can make to put Converted products on turntable 70 is with longitudinal direction line for rotation centerline rotating 360 degrees, and this is longitudinally Line of direction is defined as W direction of principal axis, then, in conjunction with X, Y, Z axis, five-axle linkage processing just can be realized.
The foregoing is only preferred embodiment of the present invention, its structure is not limited to the above-mentioned shape enumerated Shape, all any amendment, equivalent and improvement etc. made within the spirit and principles in the present invention, all should Within being included in protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. process equipment, it is characterised in that including:
For the base of parts installation settings, described base is provided with X-direction and vertical with described X-direction The Y direction intersected;
In order to make workpiece move module along the X-axis that described X-direction moves, described X-axis moves module and includes The one X-axis work platforms being located on described base along the slip of described X-direction;
With the support installed for parts carry, described is set up on described base and is located at described X Axle work platforms;
In order to make appointment object move module along the Y-axis that described Y direction moves, described Y-axis moves module It is located at the Y-axis slide of the upper end of described support along the slip of described Y direction including one;
In order to the Z axis main spindle box that workpiece is processed, described Z axis main spindle box include a main spindle box body, Main shaft and cutter, described main spindle box body along described base vertical direction slide be located on described Y-axis slide, Described main shaft is located on described main spindle box body;Described cutter includes the surface of workpiece being carried out vertical carrousel The first process tool cut and the second process tool that the surface of workpiece vertically can be rotated milling, institute State the first process tool and described second process tool may be selectively installed on described main shaft;
In order to control the control system of component working, described control system move with described X-axis respectively module, Described Y-axis moves module, the electrical connection of described Z axis main spindle box.
2. process equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described first process tool includes car Sharpener handle, turning fix seat, turning insert mounting rod and turning insert, and described turning is fixed seat and included upper end And the lower end being oppositely arranged with described upper end;Described turning handle of a knife is located at described turning and is fixed the upper end of seat, and Described turning handle of a knife has the turning handle of a knife connecting portion can being connected with described main shaft;Described turning insert mounting rod It is located at described turning and fixes the lower end of seat;Described turning insert is located on described turning insert mounting rod.
3. process equipment as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described turning insert is by a fastening Part and be located on described turning insert mounting rod.
4. process equipment as claimed in claim 3, it is characterised in that: described securing member is hex(agonal)screw.
5. process equipment as claimed in claim 2, it is characterised in that: described turning is fixed seat and is provided with the Positioning piece, described main shaft is provided with the second keeper that can coordinate with described first keeper, and described first Process tool is positioned by described first keeper be arranged on described master with described second coordinating of keeper On axle.
6. process equipment as claimed in claim 5, it is characterised in that: described first keeper is a location Post, described second keeper is the hole, location that can coordinate with described locating dowel grafting.
7. process equipment as claimed in claim 1, it is characterised in that: described second process tool includes milling Sharpener handle, milling-cutting cutter disc and at least one milling cutting insert, described milling-cutting cutter disc include upper end and with described upper end The lower end being oppositely arranged;Described milling handle of a knife is located at the upper end of described milling-cutting cutter disc, and described milling handle of a knife tool There is the milling handle of a knife connecting portion can being connected with described main shaft;At least one described milling cutting insert is located at described milling The lower end of cutterhead.
8. the process equipment as described in any one of claim 1-7, it is characterised in that: described X-axis moves mould Group also includes driving the first linear electric motors of described X-axis work platforms slip work and in order to the First Astronautic Research Institute for Measurement and Test State the first metering device of the sliding distance of X-axis work platforms, described first linear electric motors, described first meter Amount device is all located on described X-axis work platforms, and described first linear electric motors, described first metering device All electrically connect with described control system.
9. the process equipment as described in any one of claim 1-7, it is characterised in that: described Y-axis moves mould Group also includes driving the second linear electric motors of described Y-axis slide slip work and in order to measure described Y Second metering device of the sliding distance of axle slide, described second linear electric motors, described second metering device are equal Be located on described Y-axis slide, and described second linear electric motors, described second metering device all with described control System electrically connects.
10. the process equipment as described in any one of claim 1-7, it is characterised in that: described Z axis main shaft Case also includes driving the 3rd linear electric motors of described main spindle box body slip work and in order to measure described master 3rd metering device of the sliding distance of axle box, described 3rd linear electric motors, described 3rd metering device are equal Be located on described main spindle box body, and described 3rd linear electric motors, described 3rd metering device all with described control System electrically connects.
CN201610319102.9A 2016-05-12 2016-05-12 Machining device Pending CN105945334A (en)

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