CN105557279B - A kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device - Google Patents

A kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105557279B
CN105557279B CN201610018928.1A CN201610018928A CN105557279B CN 105557279 B CN105557279 B CN 105557279B CN 201610018928 A CN201610018928 A CN 201610018928A CN 105557279 B CN105557279 B CN 105557279B
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China
Prior art keywords
floating
blanket
buoyancy
floating bed
marsh wetland
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CN201610018928.1A
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CN105557279A (en
Inventor
王国栋
姜明
王铭
吕宪国
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Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology of CAS
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Northeast Institute of Geography and Agroecology of CAS
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Publication of CN105557279A publication Critical patent/CN105557279A/en
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G22/00Cultivation of specific crops or plants not otherwise provided for
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G9/00Cultivation in receptacles, forcing-frames or greenhouses; Edging for beds, lawn or the like
    • A01G9/02Receptacles, e.g. flower-pots or boxes; Glasses for cultivating flowers

Abstract

A kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device, it is related to a kind of wetland construction device.The present invention solves the existing recovery that blanket Marsh Wetland is floated for large area under natural conditions, especially build the root system system stablized close to natural bioremediation prosperity, and constantly development expansion, the problem of forming the floating blanket wetland ecosystem with homeostasis buoyancy, still lacking the relevant technologies at present.The present invention includes fixing device and three floating bed devices, each floating bed device includes floating bed frame, cocoanut fiber blanket and soil matrix, cocoanut fiber blanket is close and sealed envelope is in the outside of floating bed frame, it is laid with multiple implantation holes on cocoanut fiber blanket above floating bed frame, soil matrix is filled in floating bed frame, fixing device includes supporting network, two the second buoyancy tubes, four fixed links and eight supporting rods, is respectively and fixedly connected on the supporting network between two neighboring fixed link there are one floating bed device.The present invention is for floating blanket Marsh Wetland structure.

Description

A kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of wetland construction device, more particularly to a kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device.
Background technology
The marsh wetland plants such as reed, sedge are due to flourishing root system system and its stronger buoyancy of formation, often Often development forms the Marsh Wetland for floating on the similar floating blanket on the water surface, and this kind of Marsh Wetland is distributed widely in the strand in China With the wetland distributions area such as marsh, the lake in inland, there is huge ecosystem function.
However, in recent years, is influenced by mankind's large-scale development is movable, in many Typical Wetland distributed areas in China, float blanket Formula Marsh Wetland is seriously destroyed.Root system system due to floating the prosperity of blanket Marsh Wetland is along with very long Mire development What process was slowly formed, therefore, this kind of wetland is once destroyed, and is difficult to restore in the short time.Therefore, blanket Marsh Wetland is floated Protection and structure be constantly subjected to restore the concern of the scientific researches and engineering field such as ecology, ecological engineering.
Currently, the domestic small floating wetland constructed for the functions such as purification of water quality and landscaping.However, this kind of drift Floating wetland root system systematic growth is limited, itself root system simultaneously floats blanket without formation, supports the ability itself floated.For natural item Large area floats the recovery of blanket Marsh Wetland under part, especially builds the root system system stablized close to natural bioremediation prosperity, not Disconnected development expansion, forms the floating blanket wetland ecosystem with homeostasis buoyancy, still lacks the relevant technologies at present.
Invention content
The present invention especially builds to solve the existing recovery for floating blanket Marsh Wetland for large area under natural conditions The root system system stablized close to natural bioremediation prosperity, and constantly development expansion, form the floating blanket with homeostasis buoyancy Formula wetland ecosystem, the problem of still lacking the relevant technologies at present, and then propose a kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device.
In order to solve the above-mentioned technical problem the present invention adopts the technical scheme that:A kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland of the present invention Construction device includes fixing device and three floating bed devices, and each floating bed device includes floating bed frame, cocoanut fiber blanket and soil Matrix, cocoanut fiber blanket is close and sealed envelope is in the outside of floating bed frame, is located on the cocoanut fiber blanket above floating bed frame Multiple implantation holes are laid with, soil matrix is filled in floating bed frame, and floating bed frame includes four the first buoyancy tubes and four Buoyancy elbow, four rectangular distributions of the first buoyancy tube, two neighboring first buoyancy tube are connected by a buoyancy elbow;
The fixing device includes supporting network, two the second buoyancy tubes, four fixed links and eight supporting rods, two second Buoyancy tube is arranged in parallel, and four fixed links are arranged in parallel and vertical affixed with two the second buoyancy tubes respectively, four fixed link edges The length direction for the second buoyancy tube is uniformly arranged, supporting network be arranged the lower section of two the second buoyancy tubes and four fixed links simultaneously It is affixed with two the second buoyancy tubes and four fixed links, it is all provided with above each fixed link there are two supporting rod, described two One end of strut is connected with each other, and the other end of described two supporting rods is affixed with the both ends of corresponding fixed link respectively, and described two The plane that a supporting rod is constituted is vertical with supporting network, be respectively and fixedly connected on the supporting network between two neighboring fixed link there are one floating bed Device.
The beneficial effects of the invention are as follows:
1, the present invention includes fixing device and floating bed device, when use only need to by marsh wetland plant such as reed, sedge or The seedling of Deyeuxia angustifolia etc. or the root of strain are filled in from implantation hole and are planted in soil matrix, then place this invention into be reconstructed Wetland waters in, thoroughly solve the problems, such as that floating blanket marsh is restored and rebuild, it is easy to operate orderly, can be fast Speed rebuilds large area close to the floating blanket Marsh Wetland under native state;
2, low manufacture cost of the present invention, each building block are easy to get, and the success rate for building floating blanket marsh is high, can It is widely used in China strand and inland to float in blanket Marsh Wetland reconstruction;
3, using flexible of the invention is high, can be according to specific requirements, by this hair of different number during actual implementation It is bright to carry out series connection fixation with rope, the wetland waters to be reconstructed of different area can be met.
Description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the front view of floating bed device;
Fig. 2 is the sectional view of the line A-A along Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the overall structure diagram of fixing device;
Fig. 4 is the assembling schematic diagram of fixing device and a floating bed device.
Specific implementation mode
Specific implementation mode one:Illustrate present embodiment, a kind of floating blanket marsh of present embodiment in conjunction with Fig. 1 to Fig. 4 Wetland construction device includes fixing device and three floating bed devices, and each floating bed device includes floating bed frame 1, cocoanut fiber blanket 2 With soil matrix 3, cocoanut fiber blanket 2 is close and sealed envelope is in the outside of floating bed frame 1, is located at the coconut palm of 1 top of floating bed frame Multiple implantation hole 2-1 are laid on subbundle blanket 2, soil matrix 3 is filled in floating bed frame 1, and floating bed frame 1 includes four First buoyancy tube 1-1 and four buoyancy elbow 1-2, four the first rectangular distributions of buoyancy tube 1-1, two neighboring first buoyancy tube 1-1 passes through a buoyancy elbow 1-2 connection;
The fixing device includes supporting network 7, two the second buoyancy tubes, 4, four fixed links 5 and eight supporting rods 6, two Second buoyancy tube 4 is arranged in parallel, and four fixed links 5 are arranged in parallel and vertical affixed with two the second buoyancy tubes 4 respectively, and four solid Fixed pole 5 is uniformly arranged along the length direction of the second buoyancy tube 4, and supporting network 7 is arranged in two the second buoyancy tubes 4 and four fixations The lower section of bar 5 is simultaneously affixed with two the second buoyancy tubes 4 and four fixed links 5, and the top of each fixed link 5 is all provided with that there are two supports Bar 6, one end of described two supporting rods 6 are connected with each other, the other ends of described two supporting rods 6 respectively with corresponding fixed link 5 Both ends it is affixed, described two supporting rods 6 constitute plane it is vertical with supporting network 7, the supporting network between two neighboring fixed link 5 Floating bed device there are one being respectively and fixedly connected on 7.
Specific implementation mode two:The thickness of the cocoanut fiber blanket 2 of present embodiment is 10cm.Such setting makes cocoanut fiber Blanket has the characteristics that permeable, soil conservation, while, growth fixed conducive to root system and expansion, while capable of ensureing to build wetland floating Root system is set constantly to develop, expand, the final floating blanket marsh system quickly formed close to natural bioremediation.Other compositions and connection Relationship is same as the specific embodiment one.
Specific implementation mode three:First buoyancy tube 1-1 of present embodiment is pvc pipe, and the internal diameter of the first buoyancy tube 1-1 is 10cm.It is arranged such, it is ensured that floating bed device has enough buoyancy so that the floating bed device for building initial stage swims in the water surface On.Other compositions and connection relation are the same as one or two specific embodiments.
Specific implementation mode four:Embodiment is described with reference to Fig. 1, and the implantation hole 2-1 of present embodiment is round hole, The aperture of implantation hole 2-1 is 5cm.Filling in and fixing convenient for plant root is arranged such.Other compositions and connection relation and tool Body embodiment three is identical.
Specific implementation mode five:Second buoyancy tube 4 of present embodiment is pvc pipe, and the internal diameter of the second buoyancy tube 4 is 10cm.It is arranged such, it is ensured that apparatus of the present invention have enough buoyancy so that the wet land system for building initial stage swims in the water surface On.Other compositions and connection relation are identical as specific implementation mode four.
Specific implementation mode six:The fixed link 5 of present embodiment is timber, and the both ends of each fixed link 5 are equipped with circle Through-hole, the second buoyancy tube 4 pass through the circular through hole and fixed link 5 affixed.It is arranged such and is convenient for fixed link 5 and the second buoyancy tube 4 connection.Other compositions and connection relation are identical as specific implementation mode four or five.
Specific implementation mode seven:The supporting rod 6 of present embodiment is timber.So design it is durable, meet design and Requirement.Other compositions and connection relation are identical as specific implementation mode six.
Specific implementation mode eight:The supporting network 7 of present embodiment is nylon wire.Meet design and use requirement.Other groups At and connection relation it is identical as specific implementation mode seven.
Specific implementation mode nine:The mesh size of the supporting network 7 of present embodiment is 10cm × 10cm.So design both may be used Ensure support floating bed device, and does not influence root system normal growth.Other compositions and connection relation are identical as specific implementation mode eight.
Specific implementation mode ten:The soil matrix 3 of present embodiment is Marsh Wetland soil.Such setting is conducive to marsh The growth of wetland plant.Other compositions and connection relation are identical as specific implementation mode seven, eight or nine.
Specific embodiment:
The length of first buoyancy tube 1-1 chooses 1m, and the length of the second buoyancy tube 4 chooses 3m, and the length of fixed link 5 is chosen The length of 1.2m, supporting rod 6 choose 0.9m, and the specification of cocoanut fiber blanket 2 chooses 2.4 × 1.2 × 0.1m3, four first are floated Solenoid 1-1 is connected, and the floating bed frame 1 of square is formed, by cocoanut fiber blanket 2 along 2.4m long side doublings, by floating bed frame 1 It is positioned over 2 inside centre of cocoanut fiber blanket, then soil matrix 3 is filled in floating bed frame 1, the thickness of soil matrix 3 is 10cm uniformly cuts the round implantation hole of 16 a diameter of 5cm using scissors using fishing line by the suture of cocoanut fiber blanket, sealing 2-1 chooses seedling or the strain of the floating blanket limnocryptophytes such as reed, sedge, the Deyeuxia angustifolia with certain fresh rhizome, root rule Lattice are about 10 × 10 × 10cm3, implantation hole 2-1 is filled in into plant root and is planted in soil matrix 3, three will to complete A floating bed device is placed on the securing means, and supporting network 7 can be fixed on two the second buoyancy tubes 4 and four by steel nail and band 5 lower section of fixed link, supporting rod 6 can be connected with fixed link 5 by steel nail, and band can be used to fix for floating bed device and fixing device, Finally apparatus of the present invention are placed in wetland waters to be reconstructed.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device, floating bed frame (1) includes that four the first buoyancy tubes (1-1) and four are floating Power elbow (1-2), four rectangular distributions of the first buoyancy tube (1-1), two neighboring first buoyancy tube (1-1) pass through a buoyancy Elbow (1-2) connects, it is characterised in that:It includes fixing device and three floating bed devices, and each floating bed device includes floating bed frame Frame (1), cocoanut fiber blanket (2) and soil matrix (3), cocoanut fiber blanket (2) is close and sealed envelope is in the outer of floating bed frame (1) Portion is located on the cocoanut fiber blanket (2) above floating bed frame (1) and is laid with multiple implantation holes (2-1), and soil matrix (3) is filled out It fills in floating bed frame (1);
The fixing device includes supporting network (7), two the second buoyancy tubes (4), four fixed links (5) and eight supporting rods (6), Two the second buoyancy tubes (4) are arranged in parallel, and four fixed links (5) are arranged in parallel and vertical with two the second buoyancy tube (4) respectively Affixed, four fixed links (5) are uniformly arranged along the length direction of the second buoyancy tube (4), and supporting network (7) is arranged at two second The lower section of buoyancy tube (4) and four fixed links (5) simultaneously, Mei Gegu affixed with two the second buoyancy tubes (4) and four fixed links (5) It is all provided with above fixed pole (5) there are two supporting rod (6), one end of described two supporting rods (6) is connected with each other, described two supports The other end of bar (6) is affixed with the both ends of corresponding fixed link (5) respectively, the plane and branch that described two supporting rods (6) are constituted It supports net (7) vertically, is respectively and fixedly connected on the supporting network (7) between two neighboring fixed link (5) there are one floating bed device.
2. a kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The cocoanut fiber blanket (2) thickness is 10cm.
3. a kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device according to claim 1 or 2, it is characterised in that:Described first is floating Solenoid (1-1) is pvc pipe, and the internal diameter of the first buoyancy tube (1-1) is 10cm.
4. a kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:Implantation hole (the 2- 1) it is round hole, the aperture of implantation hole (2-1) is 5cm.
5. a kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:Second buoyancy tube (4) it is pvc pipe, the internal diameter of the second buoyancy tube (4) is 10cm.
6. a kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device according to claim 4 or 5, it is characterised in that:The fixed link (5) it is timber, the both ends of each fixed link (5) are equipped with circular through hole, and the second buoyancy tube (4) is across the circular through hole and admittedly Fixed pole (5) is affixed.
7. a kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device according to claim 6, it is characterised in that:The supporting rod (6) For timber.
8. a kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:The supporting network (7) For nylon wire.
9. a kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device according to claim 8, it is characterised in that:The net of supporting network (7) Hole size is 10cm × 10cm.
10. a kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device according to claim 7,8 or 9, it is characterised in that:Soil matrix (3) it is Marsh Wetland soil.
CN201610018928.1A 2016-01-12 2016-01-12 A kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device Active CN105557279B (en)

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CN201610018928.1A CN105557279B (en) 2016-01-12 2016-01-12 A kind of floating blanket Marsh Wetland construction device

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105557279B true CN105557279B (en) 2018-08-28

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108990788A (en) * 2018-08-10 2018-12-14 徐元生 A kind of device for planting on water

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KR20020096770A (en) * 2001-06-21 2002-12-31 최원일 Floating island with Mooring apparatus and Mooring apparatus for variable water level
CN1231114C (en) * 2002-11-25 2005-12-14 华东师范大学 Plant growth device on water
CN100479649C (en) * 2005-09-07 2009-04-22 云南省环境科学研究院 Floating island of plant and construction method thereof
CN201087159Y (en) * 2007-06-11 2008-07-16 王宝贞 Compound biological purification floating bed
CN201962124U (en) * 2011-04-02 2011-09-07 江苏省农业科学院 Artificial floating wetland
CN202610032U (en) * 2012-05-21 2012-12-19 中国农业科学院农业环境与可持续发展研究所 Embedded potted floating bed for aquatic plant
CN203741120U (en) * 2013-12-30 2014-07-30 苏州园林设计院有限公司 Deepwater ecological floating bed
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