CN204238229U - Fiber crops coconut palm plants raw greening blanket - Google Patents

Fiber crops coconut palm plants raw greening blanket Download PDF

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Publication number
CN204238229U
CN204238229U CN201420689386.7U CN201420689386U CN204238229U CN 204238229 U CN204238229 U CN 204238229U CN 201420689386 U CN201420689386 U CN 201420689386U CN 204238229 U CN204238229 U CN 204238229U
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coconut palm
numb
blanket
greening blanket
plants
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申新山
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申新山
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Abstract

The utility model relates to greening side slope and technology for recovering vegetation field, specifically discloses a kind of numb coconut palm and plants raw greening blanket, comprise the numb net, seed belt and the coir layer that are cascading from top to bottom.Numb coconut palm of the present utility model plants raw greening blanket with coir layer for substrate, in conjunction with numb net and seed belt, define a kind of turf blanket for making environment green for the protection of side slope fast greening, solve and how to afforest rapidly within the short cycle in the domatic realization that a large amount of large area is exposed, the problem simultaneously prevented erosion.

Description

Fiber crops coconut palm plants raw greening blanket
Technical field
The utility model relates to greening side slope and technology for recovering vegetation field, particularly relates to a kind of numb coconut palm and plants raw greening blanket.
Background technology
In recent years, along with the significantly propelling of the engineering constructions such as highway, railway, water conservancy, mine and municipal administration, owing to excavating destruction in a large number in all kinds of Process of Engineering Construction, define much exposed native stoneledge face, both local vegetation had been destroyed, also easily cause soil erosion, existing ecological environment is inharmonious again with around.
Not only need excavation in engineering slope protection process and backfill domatic protection, also needing to carry out certain afforesting and beautifying.In traditional slope protection greening mode, use highly energy-consuming material, not only again can destroy the natural environment of surrounding, and long construction period, cost is also relatively high.Therefore, how arrive afforestation effect at exposed domatic of a large amount of large area rapidly with the short cycle, farthest recover vegetation, prevent erosion, become engineering construction at present field problem demanding prompt solution.
Utility model content
(1) technical problem that will solve
The purpose of this utility model is to provide a kind of numb coconut palm and plants raw greening blanket, how to afforest rapidly within the short cycle in the domatic realization that a large amount of large area is exposed, the problem simultaneously prevented erosion to solve.
(2) technical scheme
In order to solve the problems of the technologies described above, the utility model provides a kind of numb coconut palm and plants raw greening blanket, comprises the numb net, seed belt and the coir layer that are cascading from top to bottom.
Preferably, described numb net is formed through knitting device through machinery by the pure natural rope made of hemp.
Preferably, the mesh size of described fiber crops net is 1cm × 1cm.
Preferably, mixed plant seed is provided with in described seed belt.
Preferably, the field planting of described mixed plant seed is can on the tape base made of natural degradation material.
Preferably, described can natural degradation material be can natural degradation non-woven fabrics or can the paper products of natural degradation.
Preferably, the diameter of the coir of described coir layer is 0.2mm ~ 0.8mm.
Preferably, the length of the coir of described coir layer is 10cm ~ 20cm.
Preferably, described numb coconut palm plants the thickness of raw greening blanket is 10mm ~ 15mm.
Preferably, described numb coconut palm plant in raw greening blanket be added with in Nutrition Soil, water-loss reducer and fertilizer one or more.
(3) beneficial effect
Numb coconut palm of the present utility model is planted raw greening blanket and has the following advantages:
(1) seed in seed belt can domatic resident well, can not be taken away by water during pouring and rainwater, fiber crops coconut palm plant in water-loss reducer, nutrient solution and the fertilizer etc. that can add in advance according to project situation in raw greening blanket one or more, for the germination of vegetable seeds and the growth in later stage provide good life condition, in addition, fiber crops coconut palm is planted raw greening blanket and can also transplant in strange land, quick protection;
(2) numb coconut palm is planted raw greening blanket play geo-grid reinforcement effect in side slope top layer, can fix topsoil, increase surface roughness, reduce domatic run-off, slow down rainwater speed, alleviate its washing away domatic topsoil, thus effectively prevent the slippage of the top layer soil body;
(3) numb coconut palm plants the effect that raw covering of afforesting the coir layer of blanket serves soil moisture conservation water conservation, is particularly conducive to the growth of emerging broadcast and fill with grass seeds, improves the survival rate of vegetation in arid area short of rain;
(4) numb coconut palm is planted raw greening blanket paving and builds simple and easy, quick, and maintenance management is extensive, and maintenance management is with low cost, scheme economically feasible;
(5) later stage vegetation recovery is effective, prevention soil and water loss successful, can biodegradation, pollution-free.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the exploded view that the numb coconut palm of the utility model embodiment plants raw greening blanket.
In figure, 1: numb net; 2: seed belt; 3: coir layer.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, embodiment of the present utility model is described in further detail.Following examples for illustration of the utility model, but can not be used for limiting scope of the present utility model.
As shown in Figure 1, the numb coconut palm of the present embodiment is planted raw greening blanket and comprises: numb net 1, seed belt 2 and coir layer 3, numb net 1, seed belt 2 and coir layer 2 are cascading from top to bottom.
Fiber crops net 1 is formed through knitting device through special-purpose machinery by the pure natural rope made of hemp, and the mesh size of numb net 1 is preferably 1cm × 1cm.
Mixed plant seed is provided with in seed belt 2, seed belt 2 is on special-purpose machinery, according to specific production technology, the mixed plant seed etc. of various plants, on the tape base made of natural degradation material, the greening seed belt of certain specification then can be being formed through the roll extrusion of special-purpose machinery and the compound location of acupuncture according to certain density field planting; Described can natural degradation material preferably can natural degradation non-woven fabrics or can the paper products of natural degradation.
The diameter of the coir of coir layer 3 is 0.2mm ~ 0.8mm, and the length of the coir of coir layer 2 is 10cm ~ 20cm.
Described numb coconut palm plants raw greening blanket with natural coir layer 3 for substrate, in conjunction with numb net 1 and the seed belt 2 of establishment, form a kind of turf blanket for making environment green for the protection of side slope fast greening, described numb coconut palm plant raw greening blanket be generally by upper strata fiber crops net 1, intermediate layer be seed belt 2, bottom coir layer 3 processes the space network be composited; The thickness that described numb coconut palm plants raw greening blanket is preferably 10mm ~ 15mm.
Described numb coconut palm plant in raw greening blanket can be added with in Nutrition Soil, water-loss reducer and fertilizer etc. one or more.
Described numb coconut palm is planted numb net 1 in raw greening blanket and plays reinforcement and fixation, coir layer 3 provides basic unit for mixed plant seed growth, and one or more of the base materials such as certain Nutrition Soil, water-loss reducer and fertilizer can be applied in construction period, after construction, for plant germination and growth provide stable condition.In addition, numb net 1 also for soil provides the topping of LP blades with coir layer 3, is planted raw greening blanket paving when described numb coconut palm and is spread on ground, just can resist the erosion of water and wind, solidify earth's surface well, the effect played bank protection He prevent erosion before plant grows up to.In addition, fiber crops 3 layers, net 1, numb net 2 and coir layer is formed by wood fibre, all belong to reproducible Resource recovery, soil is not polluted, biodegradation becomes the fertilizer of plant after rotting, for plant growth provides abundant organic matter, thus Promoting plant growth, form a benign cycle, reach the effect that also field and environmental protection are dual.When kind of described numb coconut palm plants raw greening blanket, as carpeted, described numb coconut palm is planted raw greening blanket and be covered on excavation slope, roadbed or level ground bed, and water in time, behind some skies, grass seeds germination just can form high-quality lawn.Later stage; the flourishing strong root system of vegetation and net muscle, slope are shown the soil body and are formed a firmly flexible cover sheet; there is stronger tension and shear strength; paving spreads on side slope surface, can resist the erosion of wind and water, can reduce rainfall runoff; alleviate flow velocity; avoid domaticly suffering directly washing away of rainwater, solidification earth's surface, firm slope body, play the effect of bank protection and greening.Grass blanket covering layer can also reduce moisture evaporation, is conducive to other vegetation growths, is of value to and improves slope ecological environment, reduce soil erosion.This numb coconut palm plants raw greening blanket technology brings essence change to turf establishment mode, it makes fast, in high quality lawn planting become possibility.It has become the most succinct, the effective ecological protection of the side slopes such as rock, slight slope inferior, land reclamation in mining area, two sides, river, railway, both sides of highway.
The design principles that described numb coconut palm plants raw greening blanket is:
(1) plant variety is selected.Because be side slope protection engineering, so dark root and the adaptable plant of weather first should be selected.Rare for precipitation, water resource is poor and manual watering area costly, then will select to have drought tolerance grass seeds.Meanwhile, also to consider view requirement, select the plant that the blue or green phase is long, after blending flowers and plants, reach the protection of side slope and the double effects of greening.
(2) seeding method is selected.Seeding method adopts live formula, and should avoid high temperature and rainy and low-temperature cold season sowing time, the time of the suitableeest sowing is annual four Maies and nine Octobers.According to situations such as Project Areas, engineering place weather, soil and periphery plants, determine unit area application rate.
(3) drainage requirement.Although fiber crops coconut palm plants the slip that raw greening blanket can prevent slope table layer soil body effectively, only guarantee that slope drainage is unobstructed, just can play the effect of extended protection.Gutter should be set at side slope toe and both sides, make draining smooth and easy, thus prevent slope runoff from concentrating, wash away slope body, guarantee stability of slope.
The protection effect that described numb coconut palm plants raw greening blanket is:
After described numb coconut palm plants the construction of raw greening blanket, watering maintenance is after two weeks, and grass seeds germinates can through reaching more than 85%, and careless blanket presents peak green; After one month, the average height of grass can through reaching on 10cm, and the coverage scale that described numb coconut palm plants raw greening blanket reaches 90% substantially, bimester after, vegetation coverage can reach 95%, has begun to take shape protection and afforestation effect.Through test observation, described numb coconut palm is planted raw greening blanket and once subjected to after two single storm reach the heavy rain of 450mm, but due to described numb coconut palm, to plant raw greening blanket root system more flourishing, to rainwater, there is obvious runoff and peptizaiton, side slope surface does not have obvious coombe to be formed substantially, and the Rock And Soil in side slope is stablized.This shows, the described numb coconut palm of plantation plant raw greening blanket cover domatic after, not only can beautify the environment, purify air, reduce evaporation from topsoil, green side slope, and side slope can be made to have protection against erosion ability and strong to the runoff dispersing ability of rainwater, thus reach the effect of solid soil and bank protection.
Described numb coconut palm is planted raw greening blanket and utilizes string and in conjunction with seed belt green material application, have the guard system of own growth ability domatic structure one, a new technology of being reinforced side slope by the growth of plant.According to the feature of side slope topography and geomorphology, soil property situation and regional climate, raw greening blanket is planted domatic laying one deck fiber crops coconut palm, pass through water seasoning, the vegetative activity of plant reaches the object of fluid erosion prevention, and at the dense vegetation cover of domatic formation, form deep-rooted root system at topsoil, effectively inhibit storm runoff to the erosion of side slope, thus increase substantially stability and the erosion resistibility of side slope.
Described numb coconut palm plants the bank protection effect of raw greening blanket:
This numb coconut palm plants the raw greening blanket technological synthesis advantage of geonet and vegetation slope pavement, serves the effect of compound bank protection.When the vegetation coverage of side slope reaches more than 30%, washing away of light rain can be born, when coverage scale reaches more than 80%, washing away of heavy rain can be born.When luxuriant growth, can resist the runoff velocity washed away and reach 6m/s, be more than 2 times of general turf.Described numb coconut palm is planted raw greening blanket and uses as bank protection product: be carrier owing to have employed string, and the degradability of product is good, and the feature of environmental protection is strong; Its construction volume is few, and lay rapidly, according to the standard in Europe, all can lay thousands of square metres for each person every day, compared with existing grass planting mode, its cost of labor reduces greatly, and efficiency improves greatly, and it can grow on inclined-plane; Shredded coconut meat and numb net combine, and water storage is very good, and it can reduce earth's surface evaporation of water, can save the water of half than general afforestation project, and nutrient raw material is directly added in afforestation plant growth blanket by it simultaneously, thus greatly reduce and irrigate and other maintenance cost; Described numb coconut palm plants the humidity and temperature that raw greening blanket product can improve soil effectively, gathers humus, improves soil tilth, be specially adapted to the soil of impoverishment, salinization of soil, drying kinetics, fairly obvious to the improved effect of soil; Very remarkable to the protected effect of plant, it makes, and the survival rate of institute's planting plants is high, disease and pest is few, rate of yielding positive results is high, life cycle extends; There is good physical protection effect and biological protective action in plant growth and reclamation etc.Before lawn is not shaping, because numb coconut palm plants the fleece cavernous structure of raw greening blanket band product, product covers behind ground, wind, heat, water, the unfavorable factor such as cold, saline and alkaline effectively can be prevented the erosion of soil, play the physical protection effect to soil and Plants; Its biological protective action is embodied in; fiber crops coconut palm plants raw greening blanket product can provide good environment for the germination of grass seeds and growth; improve water, heat, light, fertile validity; growing of weeds can also be reduced; reduce disease and pest; avoid or reduce irrigate and rainwater to the washing away of seed, loses, the fast germination of guarantee grass seeds, emerge soon, Cheng Ping soon.
The application that described numb coconut palm plants raw greening blanket is:
Described numb coconut palm is planted raw greening blanket and has application very widely, can be widely used in slope treatment, the ecological recovery in river course, highway, railway, deserted mountain, mine etc.; Can be used for sandy soil ground, carry out checking winds and fixing drifting sand in salt-soda soil, saline and alkaline improvement; Can be used for the field such as urban landscaping, muskeg recovery, in any environment, realize engineering construction and ecoscape effect fast.Its scope of application widely, it may be used for speedway banket solid earth greening, river bank slope solid earth greening, Desertification sand-fixing greening, seabeach sand ground fix the sand, anti-saline and alkaline greening, residents from villages and towns district, city, oneself courtyard greening, agriculture veterinary antibiotics, flowers and trees plantation and seabed, coastal waters, ocean Ecological Project Construction etc.
Numb coconut palm of the present utility model is planted raw greening blanket and has the following advantages:
(1) seed in seed belt can domatic resident well, can not be taken away by water during pouring and rainwater, fiber crops coconut palm plant in water-loss reducer, nutrient solution and the fertilizer etc. that can add in advance according to project situation in raw greening blanket one or more, for the germination of vegetable seeds and the growth in later stage provide good life condition, in addition, fiber crops coconut palm is planted raw greening blanket and can also transplant in strange land, quick protection;
(2) numb coconut palm is planted raw greening blanket play geo-grid reinforcement effect in side slope top layer, can fix topsoil, increase surface roughness, reduce domatic run-off, slow down rainwater speed, alleviate its washing away domatic topsoil, thus effectively prevent the slippage of the top layer soil body;
(3) numb coconut palm plants the effect that raw covering of afforesting the coir layer of blanket serves soil moisture conservation water conservation, is particularly conducive to the growth of emerging broadcast and fill with grass seeds, improves the survival rate of vegetation in arid area short of rain;
(4) numb coconut palm is planted raw greening blanket paving and builds simple and easy, quick, and maintenance management is extensive, and maintenance management is with low cost, scheme economically feasible;
(5) later stage vegetation recovery is effective, prevention soil and water loss successful, can biodegradation, pollution-free.
Embodiment of the present utility model provides for the purpose of example and description, and is not exhaustively or by the utility model be limited to disclosed form.Many modifications and variations are apparent for the ordinary skill in the art.Selecting and describing embodiment is in order to principle of the present utility model and practical application are better described, and enables those of ordinary skill in the art understand the utility model thus design the various embodiments with various amendment being suitable for special-purpose.

Claims (9)

1. numb coconut palm plants a raw greening blanket, it is characterized in that, comprises the numb net, seed belt and the coir layer that are cascading from top to bottom.
2. numb coconut palm according to claim 1 plants raw greening blanket, and it is characterized in that, described numb net is formed through knitting device through machinery by the pure natural rope made of hemp.
3. numb coconut palm according to claim 2 plants raw greening blanket, it is characterized in that, the mesh size of described fiber crops net is 1cm × 1cm.
4. numb coconut palm according to claim 1 plants raw greening blanket, it is characterized in that, is provided with mixed plant seed in described seed belt.
5. numb coconut palm according to claim 4 plants raw greening blanket, it is characterized in that, the field planting of described mixed plant seed is can on the tape base made of natural degradation material.
6. numb coconut palm according to claim 5 plants raw greening blanket, it is characterized in that, described can natural degradation material be can natural degradation non-woven fabrics or can the paper products of natural degradation.
7. numb coconut palm according to claim 1 plants raw greening blanket, and it is characterized in that, the diameter of the coir of described coir layer is 0.2mm ~ 0.8mm.
8. numb coconut palm according to claim 7 plants raw greening blanket, and it is characterized in that, the length of the coir of described coir layer is 10cm ~ 20cm.
9. numb coconut palm according to claim 1 plants raw greening blanket, it is characterized in that, the thickness that described numb coconut palm plants raw greening blanket is 10mm ~ 15mm.
CN201420689386.7U 2014-11-17 2014-11-17 Fiber crops coconut palm plants raw greening blanket Active CN204238229U (en)

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Cited By (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105165455A (en) * 2015-09-21 2015-12-23 山东省纺织科学研究院 Degradable environment-friendly vegetation carpet
CN105210619A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-06 路域生态工程有限公司 For microbial matrices blanket and the installation method of side slope, revetment vegetation repair
CN105230466A (en) * 2015-09-21 2016-01-13 山东省纺织科学研究院 Degradable non-woven composite plant-made material used for soilless culture
CN105557279A (en) * 2016-01-12 2016-05-11 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Floating blanket type marsh wetland construction device
CN105594409A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-05-25 秦祖兵 Ecological restoration method of steep slope
CN105659977A (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-06-15 湖南子宏生态环保科技有限公司 Environmental-protection ecological vegetation carpet by utilization of municipal sludge
CN109006208A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-12-18 美丽国土(北京)生态环境工程技术研究院有限公司 Plant-growth carpet and its preparation method and application
CN109371986A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-02-22 北京星河园林景观工程有限公司 A kind of ecological bank protecting method conducive to slope plant growth
CN110629767A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-12-31 中冶京诚工程技术有限公司 Roadbed slope protection structure and manufacturing method and application thereof

Cited By (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105165455A (en) * 2015-09-21 2015-12-23 山东省纺织科学研究院 Degradable environment-friendly vegetation carpet
CN105230466A (en) * 2015-09-21 2016-01-13 山东省纺织科学研究院 Degradable non-woven composite plant-made material used for soilless culture
CN105230466B (en) * 2015-09-21 2019-01-22 山东省纺织科学研究院 A kind of compound plant green material of degradable nonwoven fabric for soilless cultivation
CN105210619A (en) * 2015-09-29 2016-01-06 路域生态工程有限公司 For microbial matrices blanket and the installation method of side slope, revetment vegetation repair
CN105594409A (en) * 2015-11-06 2016-05-25 秦祖兵 Ecological restoration method of steep slope
CN105557279A (en) * 2016-01-12 2016-05-11 中国科学院东北地理与农业生态研究所 Floating blanket type marsh wetland construction device
CN105659977A (en) * 2016-01-15 2016-06-15 湖南子宏生态环保科技有限公司 Environmental-protection ecological vegetation carpet by utilization of municipal sludge
CN105659977B (en) * 2016-01-15 2018-07-24 湖南子宏生态科技股份有限公司 A kind of environmental and ecological plant-growth carpet using municipal sludge
CN109006208A (en) * 2018-07-17 2018-12-18 美丽国土(北京)生态环境工程技术研究院有限公司 Plant-growth carpet and its preparation method and application
CN109371986A (en) * 2018-10-16 2019-02-22 北京星河园林景观工程有限公司 A kind of ecological bank protecting method conducive to slope plant growth
CN110629767A (en) * 2019-09-12 2019-12-31 中冶京诚工程技术有限公司 Roadbed slope protection structure and manufacturing method and application thereof

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