CN105544757B - A kind of hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate - Google Patents

A kind of hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105544757B
CN105544757B CN201610067081.6A CN201610067081A CN105544757B CN 105544757 B CN105544757 B CN 105544757B CN 201610067081 A CN201610067081 A CN 201610067081A CN 105544757 B CN105544757 B CN 105544757B
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plank
cavity
heat
puigging
layer
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CN105544757A (en
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汪青杰
张延年
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Shenyang Jianzhu University
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    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04BGENERAL BUILDING CONSTRUCTIONS; WALLS, e.g. PARTITIONS; ROOFS; FLOORS; CEILINGS; INSULATION OR OTHER PROTECTION OF BUILDINGS
    • E04B1/00Constructions in general; Structures which are not restricted either to walls, e.g. partitions, or floors or ceilings or roofs
    • E04B1/62Insulation or other protection; Elements or use of specified material therefor
    • E04B1/74Heat, sound or noise insulation, absorption, or reflection; Other building methods affording favourable thermal or acoustical conditions, e.g. accumulating of heat within walls
    • E04B1/88Insulating elements for both heat and sound
    • E04B1/90Insulating elements for both heat and sound slab-shaped
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/02Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials
    • E04C2/26Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups
    • E04C2/284Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by specified materials composed of materials covered by two or more of groups E04C2/04, E04C2/08, E04C2/10 or of materials covered by one of these groups with a material not specified in one of the groups at least one of the materials being insulating
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/30Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the shape or structure
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E04BUILDING
    • E04CSTRUCTURAL ELEMENTS; BUILDING MATERIALS
    • E04C2/00Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels
    • E04C2/44Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose
    • E04C2/52Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits
    • E04C2/521Building elements of relatively thin form for the construction of parts of buildings, e.g. sheet materials, slabs, or panels characterised by the purpose with special adaptations for auxiliary purposes, e.g. serving for locating conduits serving for locating conduits; for ventilating, heating or cooling

Abstract

A kind of hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate of the present invention, including:Inner plating and lamina rara externa, at least two layers of heat-insulation layer or puigging are provided with the first cavity formed between inner plating and lamina rara externa, heat-insulation layer or puigging include the first plank located at the first cavity both ends, the second plank is arranged at intervals with cavity between two the first planks, non-bearing heat-preserving plate or non-bearing acoustic material are filled with cavity between two the second planks, the first plank and the second plank, the second cavity is formed between two layers heat-insulation layer or puigging, the second cavity both ends are respectively arranged with the 3rd plank.Using hollow design, heat-insulation layer or puigging have been embedded between plate body, with good heat-insulating property or sound insulation value, no longer need to handle carrying out insulation protection or sound insulation outside plate body, the omnidirectional distribution of sheet material in plate body so that plate body has good stress performance, light weight, good economical benefit, cost is reduced, also effectively prevent environmental pollution.

Description

A kind of hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate
Technical field:
The present invention relates to building structure technology field, and in particular to a kind of hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate.
Background technology:
According to statistics, construction industry consumes about 50% energy on the earth, 42% water resource, 50% material and 48% Arable land, the energy of consumption is more, causes disruption of ecological balance, and generate simultaneously the whole world 24% air pollution, 50% greenhouse effect Should, 40% pollution of waterhead and 50% CFC etc., to human lives with deleterious effect.
Past people, which compare, to be focused on steel construction and concrete structure and have ignored timber structure green building, but with construction industry Development, steel, cement, plastics non-renewable unsustainable property clearly, and green building is dirty in Environment control Vital effect is played in terms of dye, energy-saving and emission-reduction, industry restructuring, because many countries and regions are all public at present Recognize Wood construction and the building materials using agricultural wastes processing, be the correct direction of building industry sustainable development.
For this reason, it is necessary to carry out systematic research and development for timber structure green building and its industrialization, and then promote new The extensive use of Wood construction so that China's building industry really realizes the green, recyclable, sustainable of overall process.
The content of the invention:
There is good heat-insulating property or sound insulation value it is an object of the invention to provide a kind of, while can reduce a large amount of existing Field operation, ensure that manufacturing procedure is simple, and the hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate with good stress performance.
To achieve the above object, the present invention uses following technical scheme:
A kind of hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate provided by the invention, including:Inner plating and lamina rara externa, in inner plating and outside At least two layers of heat-insulation layer or puigging are provided with the first cavity formed between laminate, the heat-insulation layer or puigging include setting The first plank in the first cavity both ends, the second wood is arranged at intervals with the cavity between two first planks Plate, in the cavity between two second planks, first plank and the second plank filled with non-bearing heat-preserving plate or Non-bearing acoustic material, the second cavity is formed between two layers heat-insulation layer or puigging, for plugging connector, described second Cavity both ends are respectively arranged with the 3rd plank.
The 4th plank is arranged at intervals with cavity between two the 3rd planks, the connector is plugged in two In the cavity between cavity, the 4th plank and the 3rd plank between 4th plank.
The inner plating, lamina rara externa, the 3rd plank and the 4th plank form by polylith longitudinal direction plank, and longitudinal plank is horizontal Abut side by side, texture is longitudinally disposed, and first plank and the second plank form by horizontal plank, and horizontal plank longitudinal direction is side by side Abut, longitudinal plank setting orthogonal with horizontal plank.
Second plank of heat-insulation layer described in adjacent two layers or puigging is staggered setting, and in each layer of heat-insulation layer or puigging The second plank it is corresponding with the non-bearing heat-preserving plate in another layer of heat-insulation layer or puigging or the middle part of non-bearing acoustic material.
The end set of the bearing plate at least one end has ladder mouth, and fastener is set in ladder mouth, to by two pieces The bearing plate coordinates assembling.
The inner plating and lamina rara externa set to the concave, and form L-shaped breach with adjacent insulating layer or puigging side wall, described L-shaped breach is the ladder mouth.
The inner plating and lamina rara externa form by polylith longitudinal direction plank, and longitudinal plank abuts laterally side by side, and the L-shaped lacks The width of mouth is the half of longitudinal plank width, and inner plating and lamina rara externa end and the length of the 3rd plank lap are more than 100mm。
The length that the inner plating and lamina rara externa set to the concave is the half of longitudinal plank width, inner plating and lamina rara externa end Longitudinal plank and the 3rd plank length of overlapped part in portion are more than 100mm;Or the inner plating and lamina rara externa side wall set to the concave Length be longitudinal plank width, inner plating and lamina rara externa side wall are provided with the 5th plank, the 5th plank is longitudinally disposed, institute The width for stating the 5th plank is the half of longitudinal plank width, and the length of the 5th plank and the 3rd plank lap is more than 100mm。
Heat-insulation layer or the puigging side wall is concordant with the 3rd plank side wall end face of adjacent second cavity end.
Plank layer is provided between the inner plating or lamina rara externa and heat-insulation layer or puigging, the plank layer is horizontal by polylith Being formed to plank or polylith longitudinal direction plank, the horizontal plank longitudinally abuts side by side or longitudinal plank abuts laterally side by side, Per the orthogonal setting of adjacent two layers.
First plank, the second plank and inner plating, lamina rara externa, plank layer, the 3rd plank and the first plank, the Four planks and the first plank, the second plank use gemel connection or mechanical connection, and the mechanical connection includes mode connects for screw, self tapping Screw connection, wood screw connection, rivet interlacement, bolt connection, pin connection connect with dowel.
Hole for hoist is further opened with first plank, for bearing plate suspention to be assembled, in inner plating and outer layer Connector peace is opened up on the both ends of plate length direction, the 3rd plank and inner plating corresponding to the 4th plank middle cavity and lamina rara externa Hole is filled, to installation connecting element.
A kind of beneficial effect of hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate of the present invention:Using hollow design, and embedded between plate body Heat-insulation layer or puigging, have good a heat-insulating property or sound insulation value, are also convenient for integrating various pipelines, efficiently solve The problem of insulation, sound insulation and the pipeline of CLT structures are arranged, it is no longer necessary to carrying out being incubated protection or sound insulation processing outside plate body, Reduce a large amount of field operations, meet the use demand of people, can be as the alternative materials of cement or steel, when there is use Between long, environmentally friendly, the advantages that can be recycled, the omnidirectional distribution of sheet material in plate body so that plate body has good stress performance, and Timber structure machinability is strong, and machining accuracy is high, and the percent of automatization of workshop component production is far above concrete structure, in addition, Timber structure not only light weight, profile is more regular, and without substantial amounts of exposed steel bar, its installation operation significantly simplifies, and assembling speed is fast, can To use big component general assembly, industrialization degree is higher, good economical benefit, reduces cost, also effectively prevent environmental pollution.
Brief description of the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a kind of structural representation of hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate;
Fig. 2 is the schematic cross-section of A-A in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate of the one end with ladder mouth;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate of the both ends with ladder mouth;
Fig. 5 is the structural representation that hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate is 9 layers (setting four layers of plank layer);
Fig. 6 is Fig. 1 top view;
1- inner platings, 2- lamina rara externas, 3- longitudinal directions plank, 4- heat-insulation layers or puigging, the planks of 5- first, the planks of 6- second, 7- transverse direction planks, 8- non-bearing heat-preservings plate or non-bearing acoustic material, the cavitys of 9- second, the planks of 10- the 3rd, the planks of 11- the 4th, 12-L v notch vs, 13- holes for hoist, 14- connector mounting holes, 15- plank layers, the planks of 16- the 5th, D1- the first plank width, D2- the second plank width, D3- the three plank width, D4- the four plank width.
Embodiment:
With reference to embodiment, the present invention is described in further detail.
According to Fig. 1~Fig. 2, a kind of hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate, including:Inner plating 1 and lamina rara externa 2, internal layer Plate 1 and lamina rara externa 2 are formed by polylith longitudinal direction plank 3, and laterally (X-direction in such as figure) is abutted longitudinal plank 3 side by side, and texture is indulged Set to (Z-direction in such as figure), at least two layers insulation is provided with the first cavity formed between inner plating 1 and lamina rara externa 2 Layer or puigging 4, inner plating 1, lamina rara externa 2 and heat-insulation layer or puigging 4 vertical (Y-direction in such as figure) arrangement, hollow orthogonal layers Total number of plies of building blocks bearing plate preferentially selects odd-level, and heat-insulation layer or puigging 4 are centrally located, and heat-insulation layer or puigging 4 wrap Include the first plank 5 located at the first cavity both ends, the first plank width D1For 180~300mm, in the present embodiment, from width Spend for 284mm, the second plank 6, the second plank width D are arranged at intervals with the cavity between two the first planks2For 89~ 300mm, the first plank 5 and the second plank 6 form by horizontal plank 7, and the longitudinal direction of horizontal plank 7 abuts side by side, longitudinal plank 3 with Horizontal 7 orthogonal setting of plank, held filled with non-in the cavity between two the second planks 6, the first plank 5 and the second plank 6 Weight warming plate or non-bearing acoustic material 8, and the second plank 6 of adjacent two layers heat-insulation layer or puigging 4 is staggered setting, and it is each Layer heat-insulation layer or puigging in the second plank 6 with the non-bearing heat-preserving plate in another layer of heat-insulation layer or puigging or non-bearing The middle part of acoustic material 8 is corresponding, and the second cavity 9 is formed between the heat-insulation layer or puigging 4 described in two layers, for plugging connection Part, the both ends of the second cavity 9 are respectively arranged with the 3rd plank 10, the 3rd plank width D3For 180~300mm, in the present embodiment In, it is 284mm from width, and the 3rd plank is made up of longitudinal plank, in the present embodiment, the 3rd plank is one block of longitudinal direction wood Plate, within the same layer, the first plank 5, the second plank 6 and non-bearing heat-preserving plate or the thickness of non-bearing acoustic material 8 are consistent, make Each layer obtained between bearing plate closely connects.
For the intensity of chamber portion in enhancing bearing plate, the is arranged at intervals with the cavity between two the 3rd planks 10 Four planks 11, the 4th plank width D4For 89~300mm, the spacing between two adjacent 4th planks 11 is 200~500mm, even Fitting is plugged in the cavity between the cavity between two the 4th planks 11, the 4th plank 11 and the 3rd plank 10, the 4th wood Plate 11 is longitudinal plank, and within the same layer, the 3rd plank 10 is consistent with the thickness of the 4th plank 11 so that between bearing plate Each layer closely connect.
In actual use, bearing plate is integrally made up of the splicing of polylith bearing plate, in the end of bearing plate at least one end Be provided with ladder mouth, fastener be set in ladder mouth, two pieces of bearing plates are coordinated into assembling, in the present embodiment, be by Inner plating 1 and lamina rara externa 2 set to the concave, as shown in figure 3, forming L-shaped breach 12, L with adjacent insulating layer or puigging side wall V notch v is ladder mouth, and inner plating 1 and lamina rara externa 2 form by polylith longitudinal direction plank, and the width of L-shaped breach is longitudinal direction wood The half of plate width, i.e., length inner plating 1 and lamina rara externa 2 to set to the concave be longitudinal plank width half, inner plating 1 It is more than 100mm with longitudinal plank and the 3rd plank 10 length of overlapped part of the end of lamina rara externa 2, to ensure stitching portion after assembling Bearing plate intensity meet the needs of using;Either as shown in figure 4, the length that inner plating 1 and the side wall of lamina rara externa 2 are set to the concave To spend for the width of longitudinal plank, inner plating 1 and the side wall of lamina rara externa 2 are provided with the 5th plank 16, the 5th plank is longitudinally disposed, and The width of five plank 16 is the half of longitudinal plank width, and the length of the 5th plank 16 and the lap of the 3rd plank 10 is more than 100mm, meanwhile, heat-insulation layer or the side wall of puigging 4 are concordant with the side wall end face of the 3rd plank 10 of adjacent second cavity end.
Plank layer 15, plank layer 15 can also be provided between inner plating 1 or lamina rara externa 2 and heat-insulation layer or puigging 4 It is made up of polylith transverse direction plank or longitudinal plank, horizontal plank longitudinally abuts side by side or longitudinal plank abuts laterally side by side, to Strengthen the intensity of bearing plate, as shown in figure 5, the total number of plies of bearing plate is 9 layers, two layers of guarantor is provided between inner plating 1 and lamina rara externa 2 Warm layer or puigging 4, are provided with two layers of plank layer 15 between inner plating 1 and heat-insulation layer or puigging 4, and two layers of plank layer is relative Setting is rotated by 90 °, two layers of plank layer 15 is provided between lamina rara externa 2 and heat-insulation layer or puigging 4, two layers of plank layer is relative to be revolved Turn 90 ° of settings, that is, meet in bearing plate per the orthogonal setting of adjacent two layers.
And according to the needs of actual use, the first plank 5, the second plank 6 and inner plating 1, lamina rara externa 2, plank layer 15, the Three planks 10 and the first plank 5, the 4th plank 11 and the first plank 5, the second plank 6 use gemel connection or mechanical connection, machine Tool connection includes mode connects for screw, self-tapping screw connection, wood screw connection, rivet interlacement, bolt connection, pin connection and dowel and connected Connect.
Needs during in order to assemble, as shown in fig. 6, hole for hoist 13 can also be offered on the first plank, for that will hold Weight plate suspention is assembled, among the both ends of inner plating 1 and the length direction of lamina rara externa 2, the 3rd plank 10 and the 4th plank 11 Connector mounting hole 14 is opened up on inner plating 1 corresponding to cavity and lamina rara externa 2, to installation connecting element, and connector mounting hole 14 run through whole bearing plate, and 1~3 group of connector mounting hole 14 is offered on every piece of bearing plate, and every group is 1~3 hole, and even The center of fitting mounting hole is preferentially arranged on the center line of the first plank width, the bore edges of connector mounting hole 14 with Apart from not less than 30mm, aperture size is 5~12mm for 3rd plank 10 and the 4th plank 11.
Finally it should be noted that:The above embodiments are merely illustrative of the technical scheme of the present invention and are not intended to be limiting thereof, to the greatest extent The present invention is described in detail with reference to above-described embodiment for pipe, those of ordinary skills in the art should understand that:Still may be used Modified or equivalent substitution with the embodiment to the present invention, and repaiied without departing from any of spirit and scope of the invention Change or equivalent substitution, it all should cover among present claims scope.

Claims (8)

  1. A kind of 1. hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate, it is characterised in that:Including:Inner plating and lamina rara externa, in inner plating and outer layer At least two layers of heat-insulation layer or puigging are provided with the first cavity formed between plate, the heat-insulation layer or puigging include being located at First plank at the first cavity both ends, the second plank is arranged at intervals with the cavity between two first planks, Filled with non-bearing heat-preserving plate or non-held in cavity between two second planks, first plank and the second plank Weight acoustic material, forms the second cavity, for plugging connector, second cavity between two layers heat-insulation layer or puigging Both ends are respectively arranged with the 3rd plank, and the 4th plank is arranged at intervals with the cavity between two the 3rd planks, described Connector is plugged in the cavity between the cavity between two the 4th planks, the 4th plank and the 3rd plank, institute Inner plating, lamina rara externa, the 3rd plank and the 4th plank to be stated to form by polylith longitudinal direction plank, longitudinal plank abuts laterally side by side, Texture is longitudinally disposed, and first plank and the second plank form by horizontal plank, and horizontal plank longitudinally abuts side by side, described The setting orthogonal with horizontal plank of longitudinal plank.
  2. A kind of 2. hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:Insulation described in adjacent two layers Second plank of layer or puigging is staggered setting, and the second plank in each layer of heat-insulation layer or puigging with another one layer of heat preservation Layer or the middle part of the non-bearing heat-preserving plate in puigging or non-bearing acoustic material are corresponding.
  3. A kind of 3. hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The bearing plate at least one The end set at end has ladder mouth, and fastener is set in ladder mouth, two pieces of bearing plates are coordinated into assembling.
  4. A kind of 4. hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The inner plating and outer layer Plate sets to the concave, and forms L-shaped breach with adjacent insulating layer or puigging side wall, the L-shaped breach is the ladder mouth.
  5. A kind of 5. hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate according to claim 4, it is characterised in that:The inner plating and outer layer Plate forms by polylith longitudinal direction plank, and longitudinal plank abuts laterally side by side, and the width of the L-shaped breach is longitudinal plank width Half, and inner plating and lamina rara externa end and the length of the 3rd plank lap are more than 100mm.
  6. A kind of 6. hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate according to claim 3, it is characterised in that:The heat-insulation layer or sound insulation Layer side wall is concordant with the 3rd plank side wall end face of adjacent second cavity end.
  7. A kind of 7. hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate according to claim 1, it is characterised in that:The inner plating, outer layer Plank layer is provided between plate and the heat-insulation layer or puigging, the plank layer is by polylith transverse direction plank or polylith longitudinal direction plank Composition, the horizontal plank longitudinally abuts side by side or longitudinal plank abuts laterally side by side, per the orthogonal setting of adjacent two layers.
  8. A kind of 8. hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate according to claim 7, it is characterised in that:First plank, Two planks and inner plating, lamina rara externa, plank layer, the 3rd plank and the first plank, the 4th plank and the first plank, the second wood Plate uses gemel connection or mechanical connection, and the mechanical connection includes mode connects for screw, self-tapping screw connection, wood screw connection, riveting Nail connection, bolt connection, pin connection connect with dowel.
CN201610067081.6A 2016-01-29 2016-01-29 A kind of hollow orthogonal layers building blocks bearing plate Active CN105544757B (en)

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CN105804234B (en) * 2016-05-07 2017-09-29 沈阳建筑大学 A kind of orthogonal nail articulamentum building blocks
CN106049745B (en) * 2016-05-26 2018-03-09 沈阳建筑大学 Modularization thermal insulation sound insulation load-bearing wood wallboard and L-shaped wall method of construction
CN105926767B (en) * 2016-05-26 2018-08-17 沈阳建筑大学 Cross timber structure node
CN105926837B (en) * 2016-05-26 2018-01-23 沈阳建筑大学 Modularization thermal insulation sound insulation load-bearing wood wallboard
CN105971188B (en) * 2016-05-26 2018-11-09 沈阳建筑大学 Modularization thermal insulation sound insulation load-bearing wood wallboard and linear type wall method of construction
CN105926833B (en) * 2016-05-26 2019-07-05 沈阳建筑大学 The passive wallboard of high-performance timber structure
CN105926830B (en) * 2016-06-03 2018-11-02 沈阳建筑大学 Pipeline integrates orthogonal lamination wood wallboard
CN108149834A (en) * 2018-02-27 2018-06-12 辽宁工业大学 NCCLT sound insulating floor slabs
US11084245B2 (en) * 2019-01-09 2021-08-10 Six Minutes LLC Cross-laminated timber having a conduit therein

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