CN105532104A - Operating platform - Google Patents

Operating platform Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105532104A
CN105532104A CN201610097160.1A CN201610097160A CN105532104A CN 105532104 A CN105532104 A CN 105532104A CN 201610097160 A CN201610097160 A CN 201610097160A CN 105532104 A CN105532104 A CN 105532104A
Authority
CN
China
Prior art keywords
guide rail
travelling carriage
job platform
fixed
construction tool
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201610097160.1A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
曹建华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Rubber Research Institute Chinese Academy Tropical Agricultural Sciences
Original Assignee
Rubber Research Institute Chinese Academy Tropical Agricultural Sciences
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Rubber Research Institute Chinese Academy Tropical Agricultural Sciences filed Critical Rubber Research Institute Chinese Academy Tropical Agricultural Sciences
Priority to CN201610097160.1A priority Critical patent/CN105532104A/en
Publication of CN105532104A publication Critical patent/CN105532104A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01BSOIL WORKING IN AGRICULTURE OR FORESTRY; PARTS, DETAILS, OR ACCESSORIES OF AGRICULTURAL MACHINES OR IMPLEMENTS, IN GENERAL
    • A01B75/00Carriers for supporting persons when working in the field, e.g. while thinning beet
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E01CONSTRUCTION OF ROADS, RAILWAYS, OR BRIDGES
    • E01BPERMANENT WAY; PERMANENT-WAY TOOLS; MACHINES FOR MAKING RAILWAYS OF ALL KINDS
    • E01B23/00Easily dismountable or movable tracks, e.g. temporary railways; Details specially adapted therefor
    • E01B23/02Tracks for light railways, e.g. for field, colliery, or mine use
    • E01B23/04Fastening or joining means

Abstract

The invention discloses an operating platform. The operating platform is used for supporting a construction tool for operation on forest land and comprises a guide rail laid in the forest land, a moving platform, support seats and a power part, wherein the guide rail is fixed at the operating site of the forest land by the support seats, the construction tool is fixed on the moving platform, and the power part drives the moving platform to move along a track of the guide rail so as to drive the construction tool. The construction tool is supported by the operating platform, so that the construction tool is suitable to operate in fields of mountainous regions, hills and the like, the labor efficiency is effectively improved, the labor consumption is reduced, and the cost is saved.

Description

A kind of job platform
Technical field
The present invention relates to forest land mechanical work technical field, particularly a kind of job platform, for supporting the construction tool such as manipulator or robot in the operation of forest land.
Background technology
In the operation of forest land, usually adopt wheel machine to carry out production operation in field, thus substitute manual work, reduce hand labor intensity, enhance productivity.But, for the field of extreme terrain, the such as area such as mountain region or hills, wheel machine runs difficulty, still adopt manually carry out applying fertilizer, the operation such as weeding and spray medicine.
Particularly in rubber forest land, bamboo grows great majority are planted on mountain region, hills, except carrying out applying fertilizer, weeding, except spray medicine, also need to carry out tapping rubber, receiving the operations such as glue, substantially all complete by manpower, workload is large, labour intensity is high, need consume a large amount of manpowers, not only efficiency is low, and cost of labor is huge.
In view of this, urgently for above-mentioned technical problem, provide a kind of for the job platform in the operation of forest land, carry out operation with Construction of Supporting instrument in the field such as mountain region, hills, effectively raise labour efficiency, reduce manpower consumption, cost-saving.
Summary of the invention
Object of the present invention is for providing a kind of job platform for the operation in forest land of Construction of Supporting instrument, by this job platform Construction of Supporting instrument, thus make construction tool be suitable for carrying out operation in the field such as mountain region, hills, effectively raise labour efficiency, reduce manpower consumption, cost-saving.
The invention provides a kind of job platform, for supporting construction tool in the operation of forest land, comprise: be layed in the guide rail in described forest land, travelling carriage, bearing and power part, described guide rail is fixed on the operating location in described forest land by described bearing, described construction tool is fixed on described travelling carriage, described power part drives described travelling carriage along the rail moving of described guide rail, to drive described construction tool operation.
Alternatively, described travelling carriage is provided with the chute matched with described guide rail, and described travelling carriage is limited in described guide rail by described chute, and the described travelling carriage that leads moves along described guide rail.
Alternatively, the table top that described construction tool installed by described travelling carriage is positioned at the top of described guide rail, and described chute clamps two sides and the upper surface of described guide rail.
Alternatively, described chute is the hole slot being placed on described guide rail periphery.
Alternatively, the table top that described construction tool installed by described travelling carriage is positioned at the below of described guide rail.
Alternatively, described chute comprises two to the runner cooperatively interacted and fixed axis, and described fixed axis is fixed on described travelling carriage, and described runner rotates relative to described fixed axis, and two described runners are clamped on the two sides of described guide rail, forms the sidewall of described chute.
Alternatively, also comprise the gear and tooth bar that cooperatively interact, described tooth bar is arranged at the orbital plane of described guide rail, and described gear is arranged at described travelling carriage, moves relative to described guide rail to drive described travelling carriage.
Alternatively, described bearing is the pillar being fixed on described guide rail, and described post tips is wedge shape, to insert in construction site.
Alternatively, described bearing comprises the pillar being fixed on described guide rail, the claw being fixed on described post tips, and described claw is anchored on the limb of forest.
Alternatively, also comprise control part, described control part controls the running orbit of described travelling carriage, the working condition of construction tool.
Alternatively, described control part and described power part are all installed on described travelling carriage.
The invention provides a kind of job platform for supporting construction tool in the operation of forest land, this job platform comprises guide rail, travelling carriage along the rail moving of guide rail, and job platform can be fixed on construction site by its bearing, plays a supporting role to whole job platform.In the operation of forest land, job platform is fixed in forest land, again construction tool is mounted on travelling carriage, under the driving effect of power part, travelling carriage moves in forest land along guide rail, thus drive construction tool to arrive to need the place of carrying out operation, the problem adopting this job platform to not only solve wheel machine to be difficult to operation in mountain region, hills, also effectively improve efficiency, reduce manpower consumption, cost-saving.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is job platform working state schematic representation in a kind of specific embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of job platform Construction of Supporting tool operation in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the cutaway view of job platform in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of the job platform of two guide rail structure;
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram of job platform Construction of Supporting tool operation in another kind of specific embodiment.
Wherein, the Reference numeral in Fig. 1 to Fig. 5 and the corresponding relation between component names are:
Job platform 10;
Guide rail 11;
Travelling carriage 12, runner 121, fixed axis 122, clamping plate 123;
Bearing 13, pillar 131, claw 132, pull bar 133;
Power part 14, motor 141, electric machine controller 142;
Gear 15, rotating shaft 151;
Tooth bar 16;
Control part 17;
Ministry of Energy 18;
Construction tool 20;
Forest 30.
Embodiment
Core of the present invention is for providing a kind of job platform for the operation in forest land of Construction of Supporting instrument, by this job platform Construction of Supporting instrument, thus make construction tool be suitable for carrying out operation in the field such as mountain region, hills, effectively raise labour efficiency, reduce manpower consumption, cost-saving.
In order to make those skilled in the art understand technical scheme of the present invention better, below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments, the present invention is described in further detail.
It should be noted that, the noun of locality " upper and lower " be herein all with under job platform working condition for benchmark, " on " refer to job platform when being installed in forest land, point to forest top orientation, D score refer to the direction pointing to forest root.Be understandable that, the appearance of these nouns of locality is only in order to this technical scheme of clear expression, is not construed as limiting the technical scheme of the application's request protection.
Please refer to shown in Fig. 1, Fig. 2 and Fig. 3, Fig. 1 is job platform working state schematic representation in a kind of specific embodiment; Fig. 2 is the schematic diagram of job platform Construction of Supporting tool operation in Fig. 1; Fig. 3 is the cutaway view of job platform in Fig. 2.
In a kind of embodiment, the invention provides a kind of job platform 10, this job platform 10 can provide support for construction tool 20 operation in the forest land such as mountain region, hills.Shown in composition graphs 1 and Fig. 2, this job platform 10 comprises guide rail 11, travelling carriage 12, bearing 13 and power part 14.Wherein, guide rail 11 is fixed in forest land by bearing 13, and is layed in each operating location in forest land; Travelling carriage 12 is limited on guide rail 11, and along the rail moving of guide rail 11 under the driving of power part 14.
In the operation of forest land, job platform 10 is fixed in forest land, then is mounted on travelling carriage 12 by construction tool 20, and power part 14 provides power for travelling carriage 12, thus its orbital direction along guide rail 11 is moved.So, construction tool 20 under the support of job platform 10, can arrive along guide rail 11 and needs the place of carrying out operation smoothly, quick and easy.The problem adopting this job platform 10 to not only solve wheel machine to be difficult to operation in mountain region, hills, also greatly reduces the cost of manual work, effectively improves operating efficiency.
Construction tool 20 can for carrying out applying fertilizer, weeding, spray medicine instrument, for rubber forest land, also can be the manipulator of operation of carrying out tapping rubber.In the present invention, only carry out rubber tapping operation for job platform 10 supported mechanical hand to the bamboo grows in rubber plantation and set forth, other construction tools 20 all can see the installation of manipulator, operation.
As shown in Figure 1, guide rail 11 is layed in this forest land, and in the present embodiment, track is arranged in whole forest land continuously, to guarantee the work of the continous-stable of construction tool 20, saves the time of dismounting construction tool 20, increases work efficiency.Certainly, guide rail 11 also according to concrete construction site subsection setup, can meet the job requirements of construction tool 20, promotes operating efficiency.
Shown in composition graphs 2 and Fig. 3, travelling carriage 12 be provided with to match with guide rail 11 and chute, travelling carriage 12 is limited in guide rail 11 by chute, that is, the track installation of guide rail 11 in chute, thus makes travelling carriage 12 be stuck in guide rail 11, and moves along the orbital direction of guide rail 11.Setting like this, can evade travelling carriage 12 by guide rail 11 landing by chute, the stability that lifting mobile platform 12 works.
When the table top of the installation instrument 20 of travelling carriage 12 is positioned at above the track of guide rail 11, chute can be inverted U structure, this chute is buckled on track, and make two sides and the upper surface of its clamping guide-rail 11, on the one hand can under inclination working condition, avoid travelling carriage 12 to come off the stability of guide rail 11, lifting mobile platform 12, the dismounting being convenient to travelling carriage 12 is on the other hand moved.
Wherein, the two sides of above-mentioned guide rail 11 refer to the surface that the guide direction along guide rail 11 extends.
This chute also can be the hole slot being placed on guide rail 11 periphery, specifically can be shown in Figure 5, setting like this, the table top of travelling carriage 12 installation instrument 20 can be positioned at the below of track, thus manipulator can be made to be hung on this job platform 10, the job position of lower position is operated, improves the opereating specification of construction tool 20.
For hole slot, can be square hole, circular hole etc., only need to coordinate with guide rail 11 sleeve.Be understandable that, the concrete shape of hole slot is not construed as limiting the application's request protection scheme.
Also can be optimized design to chute, shown in Fig. 3 and Fig. 4.
Particularly, chute comprises two to the runner 121 cooperatively interacted and fixed axis 122, and wherein, fixed axis 122 is fixed on travelling carriage 12, and runner 121 fixed axis 122 turns relatively, two runners 121 are clamped on the both sides of guide rail 11, thus form the sidewall of chute.Not only play clamping travelling carriage 12, prevent the effect of rollover, also can guarantee the ride comfort of travelling carriage 12 along guide rail 11 movement, the fluency of lifting mobile platform 12 movement, and the power reducing that travelling carriage 12 moves consumption, economize energy.
Further, this job platform 10 also comprises the gear 15 and tooth bar 16 that cooperatively interact, and as shown in the figure, tooth bar 16 is arranged in the orbital plane of guide rail 11, and gear 15 is arranged at travelling carriage 12 by rotating shaft 151.As shown in Figure 3, the sidewall of chute is fixed at the two ends of rotating shaft 151, gear 15 can 151 rotate around the shaft, power part 14 comprises motor 141, electric machine controller 142, electric machine controller 142 controls motor 141 according to job requirements and provides power, thus the rotation direction of control gear 15, stablize to make travelling carriage 12 along guide rail 11, move back and forth reliably.
Fixing for the ease of job platform 10, can be optimized design to bearing 13, be described in detail below in conjunction with accompanying drawing 3 and Fig. 5.
As shown in Figure 3, in this programme, bearing 13 is for being fixed on the pillar 131 of guide rail 11, and pillar 131 end is wedge shape, thus it can be made directly to insert in construction site, adopts the bearing 13 of this structure, and it is fixing simple, quick.
As shown in Figure 5, bearing 13 comprises the pillar 131 being fixed on guide rail 11, the claw 132 being fixed on pillar 131 end, claw 132 can be firmly grasped the limb of forest 30, thus is anchored on the forest 30 in forest land.Thus the position of job platform 10 can be regulated according to the requirement for height of the operations such as rubber tapping, be convenient to the operation of the construction tools such as manipulator 20.
Further, this bearing 13 also comprises the pull bar 133 arranged at an angle with pillar 131, and pillar 131 is fixed in this pull bar 133 one end, and the other end is provided with the claw 132 can firmly grasping forest 30 limb equally.When fixing, pull bar 133 all firmly grasps limb with the claw 132 of pillar 131, and pull bar 133 auxiliary support 13 supports job platform 10, strengthens the support strength of bearing 13.
This job platform 10 also comprises control part 17, and control part 17 comprises calculator, memory device, thus controls the motion track of travelling carriage 12 and beginning, stopping action, realizes intelligent action, increases work efficiency further.
Control part 17 is installed on the outside of the chute of travelling carriage 12, and control part 17 also comprises induction system, communication system, connectivity port etc.According to bamboo grows location sensitive information or Robot actions instruction, this control part 17 can judge that travelling carriage 12 needs the position reached, thus send the instruction controlling travelling carriage 12 movement.
Whether further, this control part 17 collects the information of the duties such as storing mobile station 12, manipulator, Ministry of Energy 18 simultaneously, normal to detect operating mode in real time, when there are abnormal conditions, sending warning, guaranteeing the safe and reliable work of job platform 10.
This job platform 10 is also integrated is provided with Ministry of Energy 18, for overall operation platform 10 provides operating power source.
As shown in Fig. 3, Fig. 4 and Fig. 5, the control part 17 of this job platform 10, power part 14, Ministry of Energy 18 are all installed on travelling carriage 12, and that is, this travelling carriage 12 integrating control, the energy, power are wholely set, and improve the functional of job platform 10.For the ease of the installation of power part 14, control part 17, travelling carriage 12 is also provided with two pieces of clamping plates 123, and the surface of travelling carriage 12 is fixed in one end of clamping plate 123.As shown in Figure 3, fixed axis 122 is fixed on one end of clamping plate 123, and so, the lateral surface of clamping plate 123 can be used for installing miscellaneous part, together forms the sidewall of chute, so that travelling carriage 12 is defined in guide rail 11 with runner 121, fixed axis 122 simultaneously.
Above-described embodiment is for guide rail 11 for monorail has carried out setting forth illustrating, certainly, this job platform 10 also can be set to two-orbit form.Specifically as shown in Figure 4, travelling carriage 12 arranges two chutes corresponding with two-orbit.Meanwhile, corresponding power part 14 is all set at the sidewall of each chute, increases and support and drive power, greatly improve the heavy burden ability of travelling carriage 12, simultaneously the stability of lifting platform 10.
Above a kind of job platform provided by the present invention is described in detail.Apply specific case herein to set forth principle of the present invention and embodiment, the explanation of above embodiment just understands method of the present invention and core concept thereof for helping.It should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the premise without departing from the principles of the invention, can also carry out some improvement and modification to the present invention, these improve and modify and also fall in the protection domain of the claims in the present invention.

Claims (11)

1. a job platform, for supporting construction tool (20) in the operation of forest land, it is characterized in that, comprise: be layed in the guide rail (11) in described forest land, travelling carriage (12), bearing (13) and power part (14), described guide rail (11) is fixed on the operating location in described forest land by described bearing (13), described construction tool (20) is fixed on described travelling carriage (12), described power part (14) drives described travelling carriage (12) along the rail moving of described guide rail (11), to drive described construction tool (20) operation.
2. job platform according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described travelling carriage (12) is provided with the chute matched with described guide rail (11), described travelling carriage (12) is limited in described guide rail (11) by described chute, and the described travelling carriage (12) that leads is mobile along described guide rail (11).
3. job platform according to claim 2, it is characterized in that, the table top that described construction tool (20) installed by described travelling carriage (12) is positioned at the top of described guide rail (11), and described chute clamps two sides and the upper surface of described guide rail (11).
4. job platform according to claim 2, is characterized in that, described chute is for being placed on the hole slot of described guide rail (11) periphery.
5. job platform according to claim 4, is characterized in that, the table top that described construction tool (20) installed by described travelling carriage (12) is positioned at the below of described guide rail (11).
6. the job platform according to any one of claim 2-5, it is characterized in that, described chute comprises two to the runner cooperatively interacted (121) and fixed axis (122), described fixed axis (122) is fixed on described travelling carriage (12), described runner (121) rotates relative to described fixed axis (122), two described runners (121) are clamped on the two sides of described guide rail (11), form the sidewall of described chute.
7. the job platform according to any one of claim 1-5, it is characterized in that, also comprise the gear (15) and tooth bar (16) that cooperatively interact, described tooth bar (16) is arranged at the orbital plane of described guide rail (11), described gear (15) is arranged at described travelling carriage (12), moves relative to described guide rail (11) to drive described travelling carriage (12).
8. the job platform according to any one of claim 1-5, it is characterized in that, described bearing (13) is for being fixed on the pillar (131) of described guide rail (11), and described pillar (131) end is wedge shape, to insert in construction site.
9. the job platform according to any one of claim 1-5, it is characterized in that, described bearing (13) comprises the pillar (131) being fixed on described guide rail (11), the claw (132) being fixed on described pillar (131) end, and described claw (132) is anchored on the limb of forest (30).
10. job platform according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise control part (17), described control part (17) controls the running orbit of described travelling carriage (12), the working condition of construction tool (20).
11. job platforms according to claim 10, is characterized in that, described control part (17) and described power part (14) are all installed on described travelling carriage (12).
CN201610097160.1A 2016-02-23 2016-02-23 Operating platform Pending CN105532104A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

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CN201610097160.1A CN105532104A (en) 2016-02-23 2016-02-23 Operating platform

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111296225A (en) * 2020-02-27 2020-06-19 广州大学 Intelligent operation system and method for rubber forest
CN112314092A (en) * 2020-12-04 2021-02-05 浙江星莱和农业装备有限公司 Multifunctional agricultural mechanical structure

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3651623A (en) * 1970-05-15 1972-03-28 Rutherford B Harley Apparatus for, and method of mowing steep embankments
CN201438827U (en) * 2009-06-25 2010-04-21 陈钧 Rice-field operating system
CN203646000U (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-06-18 施国樑 Agricultural land rail-based automatic tillage device
CN105557452A (en) * 2014-10-06 2016-05-11 北京时代沃林科技发展有限公司 Modularization desert tree planting robot
CN205389378U (en) * 2016-02-23 2016-07-27 中国热带农业科学院橡胶研究所 Operating platform

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US3651623A (en) * 1970-05-15 1972-03-28 Rutherford B Harley Apparatus for, and method of mowing steep embankments
CN201438827U (en) * 2009-06-25 2010-04-21 陈钧 Rice-field operating system
CN203646000U (en) * 2013-12-31 2014-06-18 施国樑 Agricultural land rail-based automatic tillage device
CN105557452A (en) * 2014-10-06 2016-05-11 北京时代沃林科技发展有限公司 Modularization desert tree planting robot
CN205389378U (en) * 2016-02-23 2016-07-27 中国热带农业科学院橡胶研究所 Operating platform

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN111296225A (en) * 2020-02-27 2020-06-19 广州大学 Intelligent operation system and method for rubber forest
CN112314092A (en) * 2020-12-04 2021-02-05 浙江星莱和农业装备有限公司 Multifunctional agricultural mechanical structure

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Application publication date: 20160504

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