CN105458718B - A kind of sheet metal automates machining production line - Google Patents

A kind of sheet metal automates machining production line Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105458718B
CN105458718B CN201510954114.4A CN201510954114A CN105458718B CN 105458718 B CN105458718 B CN 105458718B CN 201510954114 A CN201510954114 A CN 201510954114A CN 105458718 B CN105458718 B CN 105458718B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
finished
production line
laser cutting
semi
sheet metal
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510954114.4A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105458718A (en
Inventor
潘殿生
胡金龙
潘志华
Original Assignee
江苏扬力数控机床有限公司
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Priority to CN201510954114.4A priority Critical patent/CN105458718B/en
Publication of CN105458718A publication Critical patent/CN105458718A/en
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Publication of CN105458718B publication Critical patent/CN105458718B/en

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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P23/00Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass
    • B23P23/04Machines or arrangements of machines for performing specified combinations of different metal-working operations not covered by a single other subclass for both machining and other metal-working operations

Abstract

A kind of sheet metal automates machining production line, is related to automobile board manufacture field, more particularly to the automation machining production line of sheet metal.It is simple in structure, it is rationally distributed, the working time is saved, improves work efficiency.The pressing workstation is located on the ground by damper mechanism, the pressing workstation is used to workblank sheet material being processed into semi-finished product, and the punching press loading and unloading manipulator is used to capture the workblank sheet material in blank material storehouse and captures semi-finished product to semi-finished product material storehouse;Gap is equipped between the counterweight platform and vibration isolation groove, spring is equipped with the gap.Gap is equipped between the counterweight platform and vibration isolation groove, sand is equipped with the gap.Realize that automatic forming, deburring, cut hole etc. is processed;Floor space is small, and apart from small, accurate efficient operation is efficient for material transmission;It can realize and not shut down cutting processing, it is efficient;Be conducive to improve the work efficiency of overall production line.

Description

A kind of sheet metal automates machining production line
Technical field
The present invention relates to the automation machining production line of automobile board manufacture field, more particularly to sheet metal.
Background technology
With the development of automobile industry, automotive light weight technology becomes the trend of industry development, it is necessary to reach energy conservation and environmental protection.So And the thing followed is exactly processing problems, the limit of material is very high, even up to 1000Mpa.The general punch forming of auto parts Afterwards, generally requiring to carry out deburring working of the cutting hole, perforate punch die, common material is fine, but high-strength steel sheet is since intensity is too high, Noise and vibration is larger, and mould is easily damaged.Meanwhile plate is added after punch process, it is necessary to be moved to other processing units Work, adds the working time, and the degree of automation is low.
The content of the invention
The present invention is in view of the above problems, provide a kind of simple in structure, rationally distributed, saving working time, raising work The sheet metal automation machining production line of efficiency.
The technical scheme is that:Including the pressing workstation, punching press loading and unloading manipulator, n groups being located on ground Laser cutting unit and k groups laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism, wherein, n >=1, n round numbers, k >=1, k round numbers;
The pressing workstation is located on the ground by damper mechanism, and the pressing workstation is used for blank Sheet fabrication into semi-finished product,
The punching press loading and unloading manipulator be used for the workblank sheet material for capturing blank material storehouse and by semi-finished product capture to half into Product material storehouse;
N group Laser cutting units and k groups laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism are correspondingly arranged, the Laser cutting list Member is used to semi-finished product being processed into finished product, the laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism be used for the semi-finished product for capturing semi-finished product material storehouse and Finished product is captured to finished product material storehouse.
The damper mechanism is:The ground is equipped with vibration isolation groove, and the pressing workstation is located at by counterweight platform In the vibration isolation groove.
Damper is further included, the damper is laid in the bottom surface of the counterweight platform.
Gap is equipped between the counterweight platform and vibration isolation groove, spring is equipped with the gap.
Gap is equipped between the counterweight platform and vibration isolation groove, sand is equipped with the gap.
The Laser cutting unit includes rack, and the both sides of the rack are respectively equipped with a pair of of gantry upright post, a pair of Be equipped with crossbeam among the top surface of gantry upright post, the bottom surface of the crossbeam is connected with joint Manipulator, the company of slip in the rack Workbench is equipped with, the workbench has A stations and B stations.
The laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism includes guide rail, base, column, large arm, forearm and sucker, and the base slides It is connected on the guide rail, the column is fixedly connected on the base, the large arm liftable and rotary moveable is connected to institute State on column, the forearm is hinged in the large arm, and the sucker is hinged on the forearm.
The punching press loading and unloading manipulator includes fixed seat, column, forearm, postbrachium and a pair of of sucker, the fixed seat with Ground rigidly fixes, and the column is located in the fixed seat, the postbrachium liftable and rotary moveable is connected to the column On, the centre position of the forearm is hinged on the postbrachium, and a pair of of sucker is respectively hinged at the both ends of the forearm.
The sucker includes terminal pad, some struts and some electromagnet, and the terminal pad is equipped with some circular holes, described Strut is located in the circular hole, and the electromagnet and strut correspond, and the electromagnet and strut are coordinated by spherical pair and connected Connect.
The strut is telescopic rod.
The present invention the course of work be:
First, punching press loading and unloading manipulator moves to blank material storehouse, passes through plane sucker(That is planar part sucker)Draw hair Blanket material, then moves to pressing workstation(That is forcing press stamped area), feeding is completed, and carry out punching press;
2nd, the 3 d part sucker of punching press loading and unloading manipulator is to punch process region, draw after punch forming half into Product, move to semi-finished product material storehouse, complete blanking;
3rd, the sucker being cut by laser in charging and discharging mechanism moves to semi-finished product material storehouse, draws semi-finished product, moves to laser and cut The feeding station of processing unit is cut, completes feeding;
4th, the station equipped with semi-finished product moves to cutting processing region, starts cutting processing;
5th, laser charging and discharging mechanism, sucker are moved to equipped with the station for processing fabricated part, draw fabricated part, fortune Move to finished product material storehouse, complete blanking.
Above process reciprocation cycle, left and right sides Laser cutting units alternately, the work of Laser cutting unit Two stations of platform work alternatively, and can realize not shutdown operation, high in machining efficiency.
The present invention has the following advantages:1st, realize that automatic forming, deburring, cut hole etc. is processed;2nd, floor space is small, production Beat match is reasonable, and apart from small, accurate efficient operation is efficient for material transmission;3rd, vibration-isolating platform is taken, can be by forcing press Vibration is effectively isolated, and avoids influence of the pressure machine vibration to Laser cutting precision;4th, sucker has adaptive adjustment Function, coordinates the double suction dish structure of punching press loading and unloading manipulator, and plane blank material and three-dimensional can be realized by single manipulator The absorption operation of feeding and discharging of three-dimensional part;5th, Laser cutting unit, using double-station, can realize that not shutting down cutting adds Work, it is efficient;6th, semi-finished product material storehouse, may be used as buffering, i.e., when punching press beat is faster than laser cutting beat, can store zero Part, beat buffer, and are conducive to improve the work efficiency of overall production line.
The present invention is easy to modularized production, is easy to expand.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structure diagram of the present invention,
Fig. 2 is the structure diagram one of damper mechanism in the present invention,
Fig. 3 is the structure diagram two of damper mechanism in the present invention,
Fig. 4 is the structure diagram of Laser cutting unit in the present invention,
Fig. 5 is the structure diagram that charging and discharging mechanism is cut by laser in the present invention,
Fig. 6 is the structure diagram of sucker in the present invention,
Fig. 7 is the working state figure of sucker in the present invention,
Fig. 8 is the structure diagram of punching press loading and unloading manipulator in the present invention;
1 is pressing workstation in figure, and 2 be punching press loading and unloading manipulator, and 21 be fixed seat, and 22 be column one, before 23 are Arm, 24 be postbrachium;
3 be Laser cutting unit, and 31 be rack, and 32 be gantry upright post, and 33 be crossbeam, and 34 be joint Manipulator, 35 It is workbench, 36 be A stations, and 37 be B stations, and 38 be cutting head;
4 be laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism, and 41 be guide rail, and 42 be base, and 43 be column two, and 44 be large arm, and 45 be forearm;
5 be blank material storehouse, and 6 be semi-finished product material storehouse, and 7 be finished product material storehouse,
8 be ground, and 80 be vibration isolation groove;
9 be counterweight platform, and 10 be damper, and 11 be gap,
12 be sucker, and 121 be terminal pad, and 1210 be circular hole, and 122 be strut, and 123 be electromagnet, and 123 be that planar part is inhaled Disk, 124 be 3 d part sucker.
Embodiment
The present invention as shown in figures 1-8, including the pressing workstation 1 being located on ground 8(That is forcing press), punching press loading and unloading Manipulator 2, n group Laser cuttings unit 3 and k groups laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism 4, wherein, n >=1, n round numbers, k >=1, k Round numbers;
In work, the quantity of Laser cutting unit and laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism can be different, for example can adopt With four groups of Laser cutting units, and only with two groups of laser cutting charging and discharging mechanisms, every group of laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism For two groups(Or more)Laser cutting unit service, this case is preferred, n=k=2.
The pressing workstation 1 is located on the ground by damper mechanism, and the pressing workstation is used for hair Blanket material is processed into semi-finished product,
The punching press loading and unloading manipulator 2 is used for the workblank sheet material for capturing blank material storehouse 5 and captures semi-finished product to half Finished product material storehouse 6;
N group Laser cuttings unit 3 and k groups laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism 4 are correspondingly arranged, the Laser cutting Unit is used to semi-finished product being processed into finished product, and the laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism 4 is used for the semi-finished product for capturing semi-finished product material storehouse 6 And finished product is captured to finished product material storehouse 7.
At work, the quantity of n group Laser cutting units and k groups laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism can basis by the present invention Specific works occasion is configured and is laid out, the both sides for the pressing workstation that can be arranged in parallel, also can be in a ring around being located at punching press The surrounding of unit is processed, compact in design, improves work efficiency.
The damper mechanism is:The ground 8 is equipped with vibration isolation groove 80, and the pressing workstation passes through counterweight platform 9 It is located in the vibration isolation groove 80.Counterweight platform can be reinforced concrete structure, and the effect of counterweight platform is to reduce forcing press punching Ground vibration caused by load is hit, reduces vibration transmission of the pressure machine vibration to ground around, vibration isolation groove is that further prevention is shaken The transmission of ground around trend.Big quality counterweight platform, it is extremely advantageous to isolating technique.
Damper 10 is further included, the damper 10 is laid in the bottom surface of the counterweight platform.Damper plays vibration The effect of isolation, damper are preferably helical spring shock absorber, or rubber spring beam etc..By counterweight platform, Three measures of damper and vibration isolation groove can effectively reduce the vibration that pressure machine vibration causes ground, to laser cutting, feeder Structure and periphery precision equipment are especially beneficial.
Gap 11 is equipped between the counterweight platform 9 and vibration isolation groove 80, spring is equipped with the gap 11;Set spring into Row vibration damping, further prevents to vibrate the transmission of peripherally base.
Gap is equipped between the counterweight platform 9 and vibration isolation groove 80, sand is equipped with the gap 11;Sand is set to carry out Vibration damping, further prevents to vibrate the transmission of peripherally base.
As shown in figure 4, the Laser cutting unit 3 includes rack 31, the both sides of the rack are respectively equipped with a pair Gantry upright post 32, the top surface centre of a pair of of gantry upright post 32 are equipped with crossbeam 33, and the bottom surface of the crossbeam is connected with joint machinery Hand 34 so that joint Manipulator is inverted, and be slidably connected in the rack 31 has A works equipped with workbench 35, the workbench 35 Position 36 and B stations 37.
The base of joint Manipulator is fixedly connected with the lower surface of crossbeam, and formation is hung by the feet.Four column gantry of manipulator suspension type Formula structure, rigidity is good, and effective cut coverage is big, and precision stability is good;Cutting head 38 is installed on the arm end of articulated robot, By the movement of robot, realize that 3 D stereo is cut;Two stations of A and B are provided with workbench, when a station is carrying out During cutting operation, another station can carry out automatic loading/unloading operation, ensure that equipment does not rest processing, efficient.
As shown in figure 5, the laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism includes guide rail 41, base 42, column(That is column 2 43), it is big Arm 44, forearm 45 and sucker 12, the base 42 are slidably connected on the guide rail 41, and the column is fixedly connected on the bottom Seat 42,44 liftable of large arm and rotary moveable is connected on the column, the forearm 45 is hinged in the large arm 44, The sucker 12 is hinged on the forearm.
Sliding pair is formed between base and guide rail, base linear motion is controllable, can be with driving sides such as linear motor, rack-and-pinion Formula;Base and column rigid connection;Cylindrical surface coordinates between column and large arm, and rotation and upper and lower two frees degree are controllable, you can rotation Turn to move up and down again;Large arm is hinged with forearm, rotary steerable;Sucker is hinged with forearm, rotary steerable.
As shown in figure 8, the punching press loading and unloading manipulator includes fixed seat 21, column(That is column 1), forearm 23, after Arm 24 and a pair of of sucker 12, the fixed seat 21 are rigidly fixed with ground 8, and the column is located in the fixed seat 21, described 24 liftable of postbrachium and rotary moveable is connected on the column, the forearm 23(That is the centre position of forearm)It is hinged on described On postbrachium, a pair of of sucker 21 is respectively hinged at the both ends of the forearm 23.
Fixed seat is rigidly fixed with ground, and column and fixed seat rigid attachment, postbrachium coordinate with column rigid cylindrical face, on Lower movement and two frees degree of rotary motion are controllable, and hinged among postbrachium and forearm, rotary steerable, forearm both ends have been respectively articulated with Sucker, and each sucker rotary steerable.Two suckers are one of to draw plane by adjusting strut height and spherical pair angle Plate(That is planar part sucker 123), another draws 3 D stereo part(That is 3 d part sucker), easy to draw not similar shape The part of shape, adaptability are good.
The sucker 12 includes terminal pad 121, some struts 121 and some electromagnet 123, is set in the terminal pad 121 There are some circular holes 1210, the strut 122 is located in the circular hole 1210, and the electromagnet 123 and strut 122 correspond, The electromagnet 123 and strut 122 are connected by spherical pair.
In work, circular hole is set, circular hole is connected with strut, and strut can carry out height tune in circular hole in terminal pad Section, strut are coordinated with electromagnet by spherical pair;Adapted to by the height adjusting to strut and the angular adjustment of electromagnet three-dimensional The curved surface of part, as shown in fig. 7, four struts of inner ring and electromagnet draw plane, four strut elongations of outer shroud and electromagnet angle Degree adjusts the surface for adapting to 3 d part, so as to reliably draw 3 d part.Finished product temperature is higher, and therefore, it is necessary to electromagnet Draw.
The strut 122 is telescopic rod, and strut can be fixedly installed, and easy to stretch, passes through adjusting+spherical pair of strut height The adjusting of angle so that electromagnet adapts to the curved surface of different 3 d parts.

Claims (7)

1. a kind of sheet metal automates machining production line, it is characterised in that including be located on ground pressing workstation, punching Loading and unloading manipulator, n group Laser cutting units and k groups laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism are pressed, wherein, n >=1, n round numbers, k >=1, k round numbers;
The pressing workstation is located on the ground by damper mechanism, and the pressing workstation is used for workblank sheet material It is processed into semi-finished product,
The punching press loading and unloading manipulator is used to capture the workblank sheet material in blank material storehouse and captures semi-finished product to semi-finished product material Storehouse;
N group Laser cutting units and k groups laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism are correspondingly arranged, and the Laser cutting unit is used In semi-finished product are processed into finished product, the laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism is used for the semi-finished product for capturing semi-finished product material storehouse and will be into Product are captured to finished product material storehouse;
The Laser cutting unit includes rack, and the both sides of the rack are respectively equipped with a pair of of gantry upright post, a pair of of gantry Crossbeam is equipped among the top surface of column, the bottom surface of the crossbeam is connected with joint Manipulator, is slidably connected and sets in the rack There is workbench, the workbench has A stations and B stations;
The laser cutting charging and discharging mechanism includes guide rail, base, column two, large arm, forearm and sucker, and the base, which slides, to be connected It is connected on the guide rail, the column two is fixedly connected on the base, the large arm liftable and rotary moveable is connected to institute State on column two, the forearm is hinged in the large arm, and the sucker is hinged on the forearm;
The punching press loading and unloading manipulator includes fixed seat, column one, forearm, postbrachium and a pair of of sucker, the fixed seat and ground Base rigidly fixes, and the column one is located in the fixed seat, the postbrachium liftable and rotary moveable is connected to the column On one, the centre position of the forearm is hinged on the postbrachium, and a pair of of sucker is respectively hinged at the both ends of the forearm.
A kind of 2. sheet metal automation machining production line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the damper mechanism For:The ground is equipped with vibration isolation groove, and the pressing workstation is located in the vibration isolation groove by counterweight platform.
3. a kind of sheet metal automation machining production line according to claim 2, it is characterised in that further include damping Device, the damper are laid in the bottom surface of the counterweight platform.
A kind of 4. sheet metal automation machining production line according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that the counterweight Gap is equipped between platform and vibration isolation groove, spring is equipped with the gap.
A kind of 5. sheet metal automation machining production line according to Claims 2 or 3, it is characterised in that the counterweight Gap is equipped between platform and vibration isolation groove, sand is equipped with the gap.
6. a kind of sheet metal automation machining production line according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the sucker includes Terminal pad, some struts and some electromagnet, the terminal pad are equipped with some circular holes, and the strut is located in the circular hole, The electromagnet and strut correspond, and the electromagnet and strut are connected by spherical pair.
7. a kind of sheet metal automation machining production line according to claim 6, it is characterised in that the strut is to stretch Contracting bar.
CN201510954114.4A 2015-12-18 2015-12-18 A kind of sheet metal automates machining production line CN105458718B (en)

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CN105458718B true CN105458718B (en) 2018-04-13

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CN106903514B (en) * 2017-03-24 2018-09-18 东北大学 A kind of process units of embedded air reservoir seal head
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CN107160178A (en) * 2017-06-28 2017-09-15 江苏师范大学 A kind of casing process line device
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CN112060310A (en) * 2020-11-13 2020-12-11 佛山市泰纳机械设备有限公司 Two-position double-pressure three-die full-automatic roof tile pressing machine and tile processing method

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CN104308017A (en) * 2014-10-11 2015-01-28 济南奥图自动化工程有限公司 Novel robot multistation application system
CN205201024U (en) * 2015-12-18 2016-05-04 江苏扬力数控机床有限公司 Sheet metal automated processing production line

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CN109773021A (en) * 2018-12-25 2019-05-21 芜湖卓越空调零部件有限公司 Compressor of air conditioner upper cover assembly line

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