CN105455626A - Rice processing method and cooker - Google Patents

Rice processing method and cooker Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105455626A
CN105455626A CN201610022231.1A CN201610022231A CN105455626A CN 105455626 A CN105455626 A CN 105455626A CN 201610022231 A CN201610022231 A CN 201610022231A CN 105455626 A CN105455626 A CN 105455626A
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pot
rice
water
control
pan
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CN105455626B (en
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王�忠
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王�忠
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J27/00Cooking-vessels
    • A47J27/04Cooking-vessels for cooking food in steam; Devices for extracting fruit juice by means of steam ; Vacuum cooking vessels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J36/00Parts, details or accessories of cooking-vessels
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J36/00Parts, details or accessories of cooking-vessels
    • A47J36/16Inserts
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J36/00Parts, details or accessories of cooking-vessels
    • A47J36/24Warming devices
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A47FURNITURE; DOMESTIC ARTICLES OR APPLIANCES; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; SUCTION CLEANERS IN GENERAL
    • A47JKITCHEN EQUIPMENT; COFFEE MILLS; SPICE MILLS; APPARATUS FOR MAKING BEVERAGES
    • A47J27/00Cooking-vessels
    • A47J27/04Cooking-vessels for cooking food in steam; Devices for extracting fruit juice by means of steam ; Vacuum cooking vessels
    • A47J2027/043Cooking-vessels for cooking food in steam; Devices for extracting fruit juice by means of steam ; Vacuum cooking vessels for cooking food in steam

Abstract

The invention provides a rice processing method and cooker. According to the theory of traditional Chinese medicine, rice is soaked before cooking and is boiled for a short time, the moisture in rice is sufficiently dissolved out in water according to the law of attraction that like attracts like, and meanwhile the loss of starch and other nutritional ingredients in rice is reduced as much as possible. The rice processing cooker comprises an outer cooker body used for containing water, and a containing device arranged inside the outer cooker body and used for containing rice, wherein the containing device can be immersed by water in the outer cooker body. The containing device is permeable to water and air but not permeable to rice grains. The rice processing cooker further comprises a separation structure and a control device. The separation structure is used for separating rice from rice water after the rice contained in the containing device is boiled by the water contained in the outer cooker body and produces the rice water. The control device is used for controlling the rice in the containing device to be soaked for a period of time before starting boiling the contained water and is also used for controlling further heating for a period of time to steam the rice when the separation structure separates the rice from the water after a short time of heating and boiling.

Description

A kind of processing method of rice and the pan of processing rice
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of foods processing technique, particularly relate to a kind of processing method of rice and the pan of processing rice, be also applicable to other foods processing similar rice.
Background technology
" bread is the staff of life ", rice is traditional staple food of Chinese, in people's daily life, occupy critical role.Modern life rhythm is fast, and the people that are generally applied as of household electrical appliance bring life style easily, and electric cooker has entered the major way that huge numbers of families become rice processing.Electric cooker is placed in by a certain percentage in pot rice and water, utilizes electrically heated mode that rice is processed into rice after covering pot cover, the one-touch problem solving rice processing, very convenient.
But people do not notice the drawback with electric cooker husked rice meal:
First drawback is exactly moisture.Moisture is healthy formidable enemy.The traditional Chinese medical science is thought: spleen energy transmitting and distributing the fluids.Spleen happiness is dry and dislike wet, if spleen sun rouses oneself, the strong fortune of spleen, transmitting and distributing the fluids function is normal, and damp evil is then not easily caused a disease.Otherwise gently then make people's fatiguability when moisture is too heavy, moisture also easily suffers from metabolic disease (the said spleen of the traditional Chinese medical science includes pancreas) after increasing taste burden.Rice growth, in water, itself carries the information of dense water, namely the traditional Chinese medical science said " moisture ".As oldly in front Taoism association president run against peaceful successor, famous strong house keeper, Traditional Chinese Medicine experts military state loyalty be first born with and once point out in its works, the large doctor that published by Jilin Science Press benefit mankind series of books: damp evil is the main formidable enemy of modern's health, be source or the accomplice of most difficult and complicated cases and chronic disease, if the moisture in rice will not suitably process in rice process, can health be had a strong impact on.We cook now, use electric cooker often, rice and water are prepared in suitable ratio, is put in pot, and heating is boiled rice always and is shaped, and centre is left intact, and moisture remains in rice always." spleen hardship is wet ", the rice with a large amount of moisture is had in stomach, increases the transporting difficulty of spleen, make people belly can have been had the swollen sense of support soon, and moisture has also been trapped in human body, endangers infinite.So how ingenious at just very important for moisture removal in rice process.
It is soft glutinous that second drawback is exactly the rice that processes of electric cooker, causes people to be at table insufficient chewing, be unfavorable for digesting and assimilating.In rice composition, about 2/3rds is starch, the mode of tradition rice cooking by adopting electric rice cooker can cause starch of rice first a large amount of stripping in water, starch gelatinization, gelation under high temperature action, then the starch doing these gelatinizations and gelation along with the receipts of moisture can depend on rice top layer by resorption again, causes rice soft glutinous.And food digestion is two processes: rely on the mechanicalness digestion of digestive system motion and the chemical digestion of the digested enzyme participation role of body.Containing a large amount of digestive ferment in the digestive juice of human secretory, the hydrolysis of sugar in food, fat, protein can be promoted, become small-molecule substance from macromolecular substances, to be absorbed by the body utilization.When laboratory rodent chow, oral cavity and stomach will secrete the saliva and digestive juice of being rich in digestive ferment, and these enzymes are very important to digesting and assimilating of food.If chew insufficient, take food too fast, the digestive ferment of secretion can wretched insufficiency, and can affect digestion, postprandial blood sugar also can be caused to rise high, rise soon, namely so-called glycemic index (GI) is high.The food that chronic high GI is high can cause that blood glucose fluctuation is large, islet function damage, and excreting insulin is not enough, or body declines to the reaction of insulin, namely produces insulin resistance.In the course of time, blood sugar cannot be down to normal range (NR) gradually, i.e. impaired glucose tolerance, finally cause the metabolic diseases such as diabetes.
Research team of Harvard University is published in one section of Article analysis of " BMJ " for 2012 and eats steamed rice and suffer from associating between diabetes B risk.This paper is included research number in and is reached more than 350,000 people, follows the trail of 4-22.Research display Chinese and Japanese eat 3-4 part steamed rice (every part is equivalent to 158 grams) every day, eat the maximum people of steamed rice and compare with minimum people in them, and diabetes are caused danger increase by 55%; And American only eats weekly 1-2 part steamed rice, eat the maximum people of steamed rice and compare diabetes occurrence risk with minimum people and only increase by 12%.Result of study shows, steamed rice consumption is more, suffers from the risk of diabetes B also higher, increases a steamed rice every day, the risk suffering from diabetes B just increase 11%!
In relevant research, researcher has done two control group experiments, and one is in diet, and every day changes the rice of 1/3 into brown rice, and the probability that result makes people suffer from diabetes B reduces by 16%; Two is rice is changed into other whole wheat food, such as barley and wheat, and the probability that result makes people suffer from diabetes B reduces by 36%.The brown rice adopted due to rice and control experiment and the difference of wheat class on content of starch, starch property and composition very little, be not enough to cause so contrasting difference significantly, and the major way of well-known rice at present processing is electric cooker, thus these two results of study have confirmed the present invention's aforementioned electric cooker processing rice respectively from the side to two of health drawbacks: (1) the former confirmed the importance of chewing for digestion, because it is harder that brown rice cooks the rice grain come, need to chew more, corresponding meeting salivates more, contributes to digesting and assimilating.(2) the latter has confirmed moisture in rice has negative effect to human metabolism function, because Wheat and barley is the rare moisture of the raw crop of drought.
Summary of the invention
The present invention is according to prior art Problems existing, and provide the pan of a kind of processing method of rice and corresponding processing rice, object is according to theory of traditional Chinese medical science, removes the moisture in rice; And allow the rice soft or hard appropriateness processed, too glutinous not soft, fully chew when edible, reach the object of protection people taste health.
Technical scheme of the present invention is:
1, processing a pan for rice, it is characterized in that, comprising the outer pot for being filled with water, be located in outer pot and water in outer pot can immerse the container utensil for containing rice in it, described container utensil water-permeable and air permeable but can not through the grain of rice;
Comprise control device, described control device comprises immersion control device, and for after pan starts, the rice first controlling to contain in container utensil soaks a period of time;
Also comprise isolating construction, being filled with water to boil in outer pot for rice that utensil to be contained is contained produces after thin rice gruel, is separated by rice with thin rice gruel.
2, preferred described control device is except soaking control device, also comprises and boils control device and cook control device;
Wherein said immersion control device is connected with heating plate, soaks in warm water for the rice controlling to contain in container utensil;
Described control device of boiling is connected with isolating construction with heating plate, for after immersion control device quits work, is heated up by water in outer pot and boils and keep 1-5 minute, then start isolating construction;
The described control device that cooks is connected with heating plate, is separated the rear steaming rice process keeping 20-50 minute for completing at separating mechanism.
3, further preferred described immersion control device comprises the temperature detect switch (TDS) be connected with heating plate and the time switch controlling soak time;
Described time switch of boiling the temperature detect switch (TDS) that control device comprises the control boiling temps be connected with heating plate and the control boiling time be connected with isolating construction;
Described cook control device comprise be connected with heating plate cook time switch.
4, preferred soak time is 30-100 minute, and the water of immersion is warm water.
5, preferred soak time is 60 minutes further.
6, preferred warm water temperature is 30-70 DEG C,
7, preferred warm water temperature is 50 DEG C further.
8, steam 30 minutes after preferred separation.
9, described container utensil is interior pot, and described outer pot also arranges the shell of band pot cover outward, and described interior pot, outer pot, shell are set with from inside to outside successively; Described interior pot is covered with water-permeable and air permeable but can not through the aperture of the grain of rice; The degree of depth of described outer pot is greater than the degree of depth of interior pot, and the bottom of described outer pot has heating plate; Described isolating construction is lowering or hoisting gear, for controlling on the water surface that interior pot and/or outer pot lifting make the interior pot the bottom of a pan contain higher than outer pot.
10, described in preferred described heating plate, heating plate is positioned at outer pot bottom part down, described heating plate is middle round-meshed circular, its external diameter is 85 ~ 99% of the bottom of a pan diameter, and middle circle bore dia is 25 ~ 55% of disk diameter, and described heating plate adopts electrical heating or other heat source modes.
11, described lowering or hoisting gear adopts mechanical electric flowing mode, the lowering or hoisting gear of described mechanical electric flowing mode comprises the draw-gear of pot or outer pot in motor, pulley, traction, described motor connects draw-gear by pulley, is risen or decline by pot in pulley driving or outer pot; Or described lowering or hoisting gear adopts steam-cylinder piston lifting mode, the lowering or hoisting gear of described steam-cylinder piston lifting mode comprises piston, described piston cylindrically, bottom is open, and top seal, is placed in the cylinder body of outer pot bottom, the cylinder body of diameter and outer pot is closely sealed, utilize water to do lubricant and sealant, cylinder base is heated and is produced steam-energy and promote piston and rise, the interior pot of jack-up on it.
12, described container utensil is interior pot or steams lattice or steam frame, the shell of band pot cover is set outside described outer pot, the supporting construction of blocking or holding described interior pot or steaming lattice or steaming frame is provided with inside outer pot, by described interior pot or steam lattice or steam frame and be supported in appropriate location inside described outer pot, described isolating construction is the part thin rice gruel can drained in outer pot, makes interior pot or steams lattice or steam frame higher than the pumping equipment remaining thin rice gruel liquid level in outer pot.
13, described pumping equipment comprises the water tray being arranged on the water-supply-pipe outside outer pot, the water pump be connected with water-supply-pipe and frame edge on outer pot, described outer pot sidewall has the connector of the controlled opening and closing connecting water-supply-pipe, the delivery port of water-supply-pipe is positioned on water tray, and the thin rice gruel of being drained by water-supply-pipe is collected within water tray.
14, described shell is provided with control panel, in order to control the whole process of rice processing; Built-in start by set date switch and/or Wi-Fi control module, energy supply control module in described control panel, start or accept according to the time of setting the internet instruction that mobile phone or PC send and start, realize long-distance intelligent control.
15, a kind of processing method of rice, it is characterized in that, appropriate rice is placed in water-permeable and air permeable but can not through in the container utensil of the grain of rice, described container utensil is placed in an outer pot, adds water and makes rice be soaked in water, rice is allowed to soak a period of time, then heat, boil after generation thin rice gruel until a meter aqueous mixtures and continue for some time, then rice is separated with thin rice gruel, continue heating thin rice gruel, rice cooks by the steam utilizing thin rice gruel to produce.
16, preferred soak time is 30-100 minute, and the water of immersion is warm water.
17, preferred described warm water is 30-70 DEG C; The described time of boiling is 1-5 minute; It is 20 minutes-50 minutes that described steam cooks the time.
18, described container utensil is interior pot, and described separation refers to interior pot upwards to promote and makes the interior pot the bottom of a pan higher than thin rice gruel liquid level, and underdone rice is separated with the thin rice gruel in outer pot; Or described separation refers to outer pot to move down and makes the interior pot the bottom of a pan expose thin rice gruel liquid level, underdone rice is separated with the thin rice gruel in outer pot.
19, described container utensil is interior pot or steams lattice or steam frame, the supporting construction of blocking or holding described interior pot or steaming lattice or steaming frame is provided with inside described outer pot, by described interior pot or steam lattice or steam frame and be supported in appropriate location inside described outer pot, described separation refers to extracts out the thin rice gruel in outer pot or discharge section, make interior pot or steam lattice or steam frame higher than thin rice gruel liquid level, underdone rice is separated with thin rice gruel.
Technique effect of the present invention:
The processing method of a kind of rice provided by the invention and the pan of processing rice, according to theory of traditional Chinese medical science, for removing " moisture " in rice, first with warm water, rice is soaked a period of time completely, then heat, rice aqueous mixtures is boiled and keeps a period of time, then rice is separated with thin rice gruel; Continue heating again, rice water proof cooks by the steam continuing to produce after utilizing thin rice gruel to continue heating.Emerge in worm water and the of short duration object of boiling rice of boiling be by the moisture in rice according to the abundant stripping of attraction rule that things of a kind come together, people of a mind fall into the same group, People of the same tastes and habits like to be together in water, reduce the loss of starch of rice and other nutritional labelings simultaneously as far as possible, dissolve in water because moisture is easier than materials such as starch.The time of the present invention's restriction is have selected through long term test, can the stripping of equilibrium moisture and few loss of trying one's best of nutriment.The rice processed like this, the moisture in rice has been dissolved in thin rice gruel and has not existed.Human body about 60% is water, and water is for very important people, but the mode of human body process water and cereal is different, as Plain Questions of Huangdi's Internal Classic is thought: " essence of grain communicating to the spleen, rainwater corresponding to the kidney ".The moisture be mingled in cereal can allow human bioequivalence not out, and this can increase the burden of spleen undoubtedly, needs to be removed.According to the principle that People of the same tastes and habits like to be together, things of a kind come together, people of a mind fall into the same group, after said process process, namely the moisture in rice dissolves in the water of thin rice gruel, thus (relevant ancient books and records are shown in " the Charltons universe ": " People of the same tastes and habits like to be together to the adverse effect of spleen to eliminate moisture in rice.Current wet, and fire is just dry.", " on Charltons copulative ": " like attracts like and birds of a feather flock together.”)。And human body carrys out identifying processing according to water when drinking thin rice gruel, so the problem of the burden increasing spleen can not be there is.
2, above-mentioned process can complete in a pan, easy to operation, easily realizes Automated condtrol, realizes automation mechanized operation.Easily can realize Automated condtrol, one-touchly to deal with problems.Adopt the round-meshed heating plate of tool of the present invention, particularly preferred in the middle of have circular hole and the circular heating plate that external diameter is slightly smaller than the bottom of a pan can avoid original pan can form the drawback that the bubble chamber film covering whole liquid level causes effusion along with the carrying out of heating, because such heating plate is when the bottom of a pan is heated, thickness thin rice gruel in pot can not seethe with excitement in the whole the bottom of a pan simultaneously, thus not easily produce and be linked to be the bubble chamber film that sheet covers whole liquid level, thus to avoid in process outside overflow pot.Add and boil time controling by boiling and obtain very of short duration, the amount of starch of dissolving in water is limited, also not easily in subsequent heat process, forms a large amount of bubble.
3, be separated because rice is very fast after boiling in water with water, and the follow-up process rice cooked is in relative static conditions and long-time in high temperature welter unlike traditional poach rice, thus starch of rice can not stripping in a large number, more can not return that to cause rice to stick in the gap be attached between rice surface and rice soft after gelatinization and gelation.So the rice processed is ripe and glutinous not soft, there is suitable chewiness, be conducive to secreting the saliva of being rich in digestive ferment, be beneficial to digest and assimilate.
4, the rice texture processed evenly, without crispy rice, mouthfeel is good, remains the nutritional labeling of rice, and soft or hard appropriateness, needs conscientiously to chew, contribute to human body and fully secrete digestive ferment to digest and assimilate time edible, reaches the object of protection people taste health.
5, device of the present invention is because be cooked by rice with steam, only needs the heating plate being placed in the bottom of a pan can produce enough steam, reliably easy, and does not need to add water in addition as vapour source; Also help energy-saving and cost-reducing, reduce costs.And traditional electric cooker is directly by rice cooked by heating power, be heated evenly to allow rice in pot, high-end electric cooker traditional at present then needs all to heat in the bottom of a pan and pot wall and strict temperature control, even adopt expensive electromagnetic induction heating (IH) mode, cause occurring the thousands of sky-high price electric cooker even crossing ten thousand yuan of price.
6, Wi-Fi control module is used for process control in conjunction with energy supply control module by the present invention, utilizes the terminals such as mobile phone can realize long-distance intelligent control easily and cooks.Particularly the meter Yu Shui of this device is easy to control to be separated or to soak, and use during long-distance intelligent control pattern and first clean rice and water can be in released state in pot, start into water soaking after receiving enabled instruction, subsequent process is then identical with normal steamed rice again.If the busy same day stays out have a meal, because meter Yu Shui is released state, within second day, can continue to use, waste can not be caused because grain soaks rotten for a long time, be particularly suitable for the two-earners family After Hours oneself needing to go home to cook.This is also the Beneficial of Internet of Things and the internet+application of encouraging energetically current country.
7, can not pot be glued, without the need to coating in pot, increase security, healthy environment friendly energy-conservation.
8, the thin rice gruel after steamed rice can be worked as soup and be drunk, and kills two birds with one stone.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 of the present inventionly a kind ofly processes one of schematic diagram of the pan of rice.
Fig. 2 is a kind of schematic diagram two processing the pan of rice of the present invention.
Fig. 3 is the embodiment schematic diagram of pot in the hoisting type of top.
Fig. 4 is one of schematic diagram of the movable clip of outer pot.
Fig. 5 is the schematic diagram two of the movable clip of outer pot.
Fig. 6 is the embodiment schematic diagram of pot in piston lifting type.
Fig. 7 is piston structure schematic diagram.
Fig. 8 is one of outer pot decline mode embodiment schematic diagram.
Fig. 9 is outer pot decline mode embodiment schematic diagram two.
Figure 10 is one of part thin rice gruel formula embodiment schematic diagram of draining.
Figure 11 is part thin rice gruel formula embodiment schematic diagram two of draining.
Figure 12 is the structured flowchart of embodiment.
Figure 13 is the flow chart of embodiment.
Figure 14 is the circuit diagram of embodiment.
Figure 15 is the schematic diagram of the heating plate of embodiment.
Reference numeral lists as follows: 1-pot cover, 2-outer pot, the 3-water surface, pot in 4-, 5-heating plate, 6-shell, 7-motor, 8-pulley, 9-link, 10-thin steel rope, 21-movable clip, 22-nut, 23-piston, 24-magnet disk, the 31-cylinder water surface, 61-magnechuck, 51-cylinder heating plate, 52-ring-type heating plate, 230-spring steel plate, 231-steam vent, 232-lid, 233-C type is buckled, 234-magnet sucking disc, 235-links up with, the thin steel chain of 236-, 41-upper pan body, steamer in 42-, 43-lower pot body, 44-water tray, 45-supporting foot, 46-water pump, 47-water-supply-pipe, 440-aperture with cover.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, embodiments of the invention are described in further detail.
Main points of the present invention first rice are placed in a container utensil, and water filling soaks rice completely, is placed in the position higher than thin rice gruel in an outer pot by the container utensil soaking rice, and continue heating, rice cooks by the steam utilizing thin rice gruel to produce.Disposable in a closed container like a cork rice to be cooked, be easy to realize automatic control.
Wherein, the mode that rice is separated with thin rice gruel has a lot of method, mainly contains:
(1) outer pot containing thin rice gruel is motionless, and interior pot rises on thin rice gruel liquid level, pot hoisting type namely;
(2) interior pot is motionless, and the outer pot containing thin rice gruel declines and makes interior pot expose thin rice gruel completely, namely falls outer cooking-pot type.
(3) interior pot outer pot is all motionless, falls part thin rice gruel make interior pot bottom higher than thin rice gruel liquid level by mobile or heating evaporation.
Processing a pan for rice, comprising the outer pot for being filled with water, be located in outer pot and water in outer pot can immerse the container utensil for containing rice in it, described container utensil water-permeable and air permeable but can not through the grain of rice; Comprise control device, described control device comprises immersion control device, and for after pan starts, the rice first controlling to contain in container utensil soaks a period of time; Also comprise isolating construction, being filled with water to boil in outer pot for rice that utensil to be contained is contained produces after thin rice gruel, is separated by rice with thin rice gruel.Described a period of time is 30-100 minute, and preferred soak time is 60 minutes.Described soaking temperature is 30-70 DEG C, and preferred described warm water is 50 DEG C.
Also comprise be connected with isolating construction boil control device, for after immersion control device quits work, water in outer pot is heated up and boils and keep 1-5 minute, then isolating construction is started, and comprise and cook control device, the rear steaming rice process keeping 20-50 minute is separated, steaming 30 minutes after preferred separation for completing at separating mechanism.
Accordingly, a kind of processing method of rice is, appropriate rice is placed in water-permeable and air permeable but can not through in the container utensil of the grain of rice, described container utensil is placed in an outer pot low inside and puts, add water and make rice be soaked in water, then be heated to 30-70 DEG C of warm water, keep 30-70 DEG C of warm water to invade bubble 30-100 minute.Can certainly directly pour or inject 30-70 DEG C of warm water into, carry out heat-insulation soaking.Preferred soak time 60 minutes.After soak time arrives, start and boil link, treat that a meter aqueous mixtures boils 1-5 minute, preferably 3 minutes, after producing thin rice gruel, be separated by rice with thin rice gruel, continue heating thin rice gruel, rice cooks by the steam utilizing thin rice gruel to produce.
As shown in Figure 1, 2, be a kind of embodiment schematic diagram processing the pan of rice of the present invention.Wherein, described container utensil is interior pot, comprises the interior pot 4, outer pot 2, the shell 6 that are set with successively from inside to outside, and the pot cover 1 suitable with shell, and interior pot 4, for containing rice, is covered with aperture, can water-permeable and air permeable but can not through the grain of rice; Outer pot 2 is for being filled with water, and the degree of depth of outer pot is greater than the degree of depth of interior pot, and the bottom of outer pot 2 has heating plate 5, and described isolating construction is lowering or hoisting gear, for controlling on the water surface 3 that interior pot and/or outer pot lifting make the interior pot the bottom of a pan contain higher than outer pot.Wherein, Fig. 1 be interior pot outer pot position under the face that is filled with water, Fig. 2 is the position that interior pot rises on the water surface contained higher than outer pot.
Interior pot hoisting type is divided into again from top hoisting type and jack-up formula from below.Accordingly, lowering or hoisting gear can adopt mechanical electric flowing mode or steam-cylinder piston lifting mode.Usually, the lowering or hoisting gear of mechanical electric flowing mode comprises motor, pulley, interior pot draw-gear, and pot draw-gear in motor is connected by pulley, is risen by pot in pulley driving or decline; The lowering or hoisting gear of steam-cylinder piston lifting mode comprises piston, piston cylindrically, bottom is open, top seal, be placed in the cylinder body of outer pot bottom, the cylinder body of diameter and outer pot is closely sealed, utilizes water to do lubricant and sealant, cylinder base is heated and is produced steam-energy and promote piston and rise, the interior pot of jack-up on it.The power of top hoisting type can be electro-motor, magnechuck, mechanical clockwork spring etc., and namely the following examples one are describe electro-motor hoisting type.The power of jack-up formula can be steam, electro-motor etc. from below, and namely the following examples two are describe steam jack-up formula.
Embodiment one: motor hoisting type.
As shown in Figure 3, be the embodiment schematic diagram of pot in the hoisting type of top.Lowering or hoisting gear comprises motor 7, pulley 8, interior pot draw-gear, and draw-gear is to bypass the thin steel rope 10 of pulley 8, and thin steel rope 10 hangs on the link 9 on the upper edge being arranged on interior pot 4, and motor draws thin steel rope by pulley, and in driving, pot rises or declines; The present embodiment is formed realization by with lower part:
(1) outer pot 2: material is stainless steel, or other stablize hard metal.Shape is bottomed cylindrical, and inwall interposition is equipped with the movable clip 21 of three spring steel plates.As shown in Figure 4, be fixed on outer pot inwall bottom movable clip 21, clamp upwards acutangulates with pot wall, turn back with acute angle in clamp top, through the aperture on pot wall, clamp end is in a pot wall outside again, clamp end is in slightly large nut shape 22, can hold clamp and seal makes steam in pot not leak, and fully opens when clamp is in normal position, can hold interior pot bottom and make it be fixed on position higher than the water surface in pot.When interior pot is elevated through clamp from below, the clamp be squeezed can be affixed to a pot wall allows interior pot pass through, until automatically rebounded by rear clamp hold interior pot bottom completely.Clamp can pass through magnet control opening and closing, and as shown in Figure 5, detail is: be in a pot nut 22 for wall external catches end, and material is the geneva type stainless steel that can be held by magnet, and the shell 6 of its relative position is fixed wtih magnechuck 61.Inhale nut 22 to magnechuck 61 when magnechuck 61 is energized, and pulled by clamp in pot 21 and be adjacent to a pot wall, clamp is in off position, and during power-off magnechuck unclamp clamp rebound open in running order.
(2) interior pot 4: material is stainless steel, or other stablize hard metal.Shape is bottomed cylindrical, and diameter is slightly less than outer pot inside diameter.Be covered with aperture above, aperture is less than the grain of rice, can water-permeable and air permeable but can not through the grain of rice.On have three little links 9 along place, be convenient to connect the thin steel rope end of electro-motor and hook.
(3) heating plate 5: be positioned at outer pot bottom, in order to heat the water in outer pot, adopts electrical heating or other heat source modes.There is circular hole centre, and external diameter is slightly smaller than the bottom of a pan diameter, and middle circle bore dia approximates annular width.
(4) pot cover 1: pot cover is sandwich-like, there are electronic fractional motor and motor 7, truckle 8 and thin steel rope 10 in centre.
(5) electronic fractional motor, spring winder, truckle and thin steel rope: electronic fractional motor is positioned at pot cover near opening-closing shaft, truckle is fixed on top, pot cover middle.Thin steel rope is connected to spring winder through one end by pulley, and connects fractional motor, and the other end extends to below pot cover through the aperture in the middle of pot cover.Thin steel rope connects in three three forked thin steel ropes below aperture, and end is three little hooks, can be hooked in the little ring on edge on interior pot.
(6) shell 6: attractive in appearance, protection pot body, circuit, heating plate, control panel is arranged on shell, and the magnechuck controlling clamp is fixing inside the shell.
(7) control system and control panel: shell is provided with control panel, in order to control the whole process of rice processing; Built-in start by set date switch and/or Wi-Fi control module, energy supply control module in control panel, can start or accept according to the time of setting the internet instruction that mobile phone or PC send and start, easily realize long-distance intelligent control.
(8) safety guard: earthed system, earth leakage protective, power-off protection.
Embodiment one workflow and principle:
(1) emerge in worm water: open pot cover, is placed in interior pot by rice, and three little hooks of the thin steel rope end reached below pot cover are hooked three little rings on edge on interior pot respectively.Adjust the length of wirerope, unclamp clamp and interior pot is placed in the bottom of a pan, injected clear water did not have rice, cover pot cover, allow rice in steep a period of time, during immersion, heating plate starts, temperature detect switch (TDS) controls heating plate temperature at 50 degrees centigrade, emerge in worm water rice about 60 minutes.
(2) rice is boiled: heating plate electrified regulation, water is boiled.
(3) steamed rice: water is after boiled 3 minutes, and start electro-motor and promoted by interior pot, until the bottom of a pan arrives the position of clamp, clamp opens holds interior pot.
(4) continue heating a period of time, such as 30 minutes, utilize the steam of thin rice gruel to be cooked by rice.Then heating plate power-off.Enter insulation program.
The present embodiment is controlled by control block diagram as shown in figure 12.Wherein control device comprises immersion control device, boils control device and cook control device, and described immersion control device is connected with heating plate, soaks in warm water for the rice controlling to contain in container utensil; Described control device of boiling is connected with isolating construction with heating plate, for after immersion control device quits work, is heated up by water in outer pot and boils and keep 1-5 minute, then start isolating construction; The described control device that cooks is connected with heating plate, is separated the rear steaming rice process keeping 20-50 minute for completing at separating mechanism.Concrete operation principle is as shown in the flow chart of Figure 13 and the circuit diagram of Figure 14; first power supply connects earth leakage protective device; then time switch A is communicated with; in now keeping, pot is in outer pot, and rice is in emerge in worm water state, and described immersion control device comprises described time switch A; preferentially also can comprise temperature detect switch (TDS) A '; this temperature detect switch (TDS) A ' is connected with heating plate, for water temperature and environment temperature all higher than the occasion of 50 degrees Celsius, can not start temperature detect switch (TDS) A '.Described time switch A is communicated with contact a when soak time t1 < 60min, namely be connected with the temperature detect switch (TDS) A ' of 50 DEG C, control the temperature that heating plate keeps 50 DEG C, the temperature range that certain temperature detect switch (TDS) A ' controls can be 30-70 DEG C, can fixed value be made, may also be the temperature value of this scope selectable, when after t1 >=60min, described time switch A is communicated with contact b, namely temperature detect switch (TDS) B ' is communicated with, controlling heating plate temperature is 100 DEG C, when interior kettle temperature T < 100 DEG C, described temperature detect switch (TDS) B ' is communicated with contact c, continuous heating, when T=100 DEG C of thin rice gruel boiling, described temperature detect switch (TDS) B ' is communicated with contact d, namely time switch B is communicated with, when boiling time t2 < 3min, time switch B is communicated with contact e, described control device of boiling comprises described temperature detect switch (TDS) B ' and time switch B, for after immersion control device quits work, water in outer pot is heated up and boils and keep 3 minutes, then isolating construction is started.During boiling time t2 >=3min, time switch B is communicated with contact f, namely be communicated with time switch C, open interior pot lifting switch simultaneously, in controlling, interior pot promotes by pot lifting device, the steam of thin rice gruel is utilized to carry out steamed rice, during steamed rice time t3 < 30min, described time switch C is communicated with contact g, keeps heating plate to continue heating with 100 DEG C, the described control device that cooks comprises described time switch C, is separated the rear steaming rice process keeping 30 minutes for completing at separating mechanism.As steamed rice time t3 >=30min, described time switch C is communicated with contact h, is namely again communicated to temperature detect switch (TDS) A ', keeps rice to be suitable temperature.
The control device of the present embodiment have employed a temperature detect switch (TDS) in impregnation stage and holding stage and controls, in same temperature, can simplify circuit like this, reduces cost.Certainly, if need to choose different holding temperatures, also can independent thermal circuit be set again.In a word, control module can be finely tuned circuit as required.Following examples all can adopt with the present embodiment same or similar control device.
Embodiment two: piston lifting type.
As shown in Figure 6, be the embodiment schematic diagram of pot in piston lifting type.Lowering or hoisting gear mainly comprises piston 23, and cylindrically, bottom is open for piston, top seal, be placed in the cylinder body of outer pot bottom, the cylinder body of diameter and outer pot is closely sealed, utilize water to do lubricant and sealant, cylinder base is heated and is produced steam-energy and promote piston and rise, the interior pot of jack-up on it.The present embodiment is formed realization by with lower part:
(1) outer pot 2: material is stainless steel, or other stablize hard metal.The shape of the present embodiment outer pot is that large cylinder and little cylinder form type, the little cylinder of bottom forms cylinder block, cylindric piston 23 back-off is in cylinder, water is had in cylinder body, piston 23 is on the water surface 31, be the independent circular cylinder heating plate 51 controlled below cylinder base, produce enough Steam Actuation piston liftings with pot in jack-up with the water heated wherein.A small magnet disk 24 is inlayed in cylinder body middle position, in order to hold the internal piston identical and magnet that magnetic pole is contrary of size with it.The large cylinder on the top of falling type is the circular the bottom of a pan, and here is the independent ring-type heating plate 52 controlled, and with the rice in the water in heating kettle and interior pot, is being opened by poach, and is raised at interior pot and continues heating after on the water surface and produce enough steam and cook rice.Similar with embodiment one, outer pan body inwall interposition is equipped with the movable clip of three spring steels, a pot wall is fixed on bottom clamp, clamp upwards acutangulates with pot wall, turns back with acute angle in clamp top again, through the aperture on pot wall, end is in outer wall of wall, can clamp be held and seal in nut shape steam in pot is not leaked slightly greatly, fully open when clamp is in normal position, interior pot bottom can be held and make it be fixed on position higher than the outer pot water surface.When interior steamer is elevated through clamp from below, the clamp be squeezed can be affixed to a pot wall allows interior steamer pass through, and holds bottom interior steamer until automatically rebounded by rear clamp completely.Clamp can pass through magnet control opening and closing, detail is: the material being in the clamp end cap of pot wall outside is the geneva type stainless steel that can be held by magnet, the pot shell of its relative position is fixed wtih electromagnet, when the solenoid is energized nut suction is pulled to magnet and by clamp in pot and be adjacent to a pot wall, clamp unclamps, and during power-off, magnet unclamps clamp and to rebound the work of opening.
(2) interior pot 4: material is stainless steel, or other stablize hard metal.Shape is bottomed cylindrical, and diameter is slightly less than outer pot inside diameter.Be covered with aperture above, aperture is less than the grain of rice, can water-permeable and air permeable but can not through the grain of rice.
(3) piston 23: material is stainless steel, or other stablize hard metal.Fig. 7 is piston structure schematic diagram.Cylindrically, bottom is open, top seal, and the cylinder block of diameter and outer pot bottom is closely sealed, utilizes water to do lubricant and sealant for piston 23, and cylinder foot is heated and produces steam and just can promote piston rise, and the interior pot of jack-up on it.The aspect ratio the bottom of a pan of piston is slightly about 1-2 centimetre to the distance of clamp.There is several steam vent 231 on piston-cylinder top near top place, and have small lid 232 inside steam vent 231, small lid is made up of fusible metal, can melt venting decompression when pressure in piston exceedes internal temperature rising after safe pressure.Small lid 232 spring steel plate 230 that side is fixing makes it be close on steam vent 231, and the movable end of spring steel plate 230 has thin steel chain to connect, and the C type be fixed on piston wall buckles 233 can maximum width of control spring steel disc 230 movable end; These radial thin steel chains close at one point union and connect a thin steel chain 236 in the center of circle, thin steel chain 236 end has circular magnet sucker 234, this magnet sucking disc 234 can be inhaled on the magnet disk 24 that magnetic pole is contrary the size being with it set in outer the bottom of a pan central authorities is identical, and the suction between two lifting magnets controls be greater than the dynamics required for the spring steel plate pulling fixing steam vent.By control the length of thin steel rope can make piston be raised to high-order by above interior steamer top to clamp time thin steel rope just collapse completely and strain at straight, spring steel plate is pulled open and makes small lid attached to it open steam bleeding decompression.When not pulling spring steel plate from inner side, the larger small lid of internal piston pressure is just pressed tighter.When interior steamer is pushed up to after a high position blocks, cylinder foot heating plate 51 power-off no longer continues to produce steam, and the steam vent of top land is pulled open by thin steel chain decompression of losing heart simultaneously, and piston relies on deadweight to get back to cylinder bottom, and top is concordant with the bottom of a pan.Top land has movable little hook 235, is convenient to, by piston extracting cylinder body cleaning, can also hook bracket as used during bracket.
(4) heating plate 5: two groups of heating plates, independent control, one group is the circular cylinder heating plate 51 bottom responsible heating cylinder, and another group is for being responsible for the ring-type heating plate 52 in the heated periphery the bottom of a pan.
(5) pot cover 1: pot cover is circular, covers on shell to ensure that in pot, steam does not run off.Material is stainless steel, safety glass or other stablize pollution-free heat proof material.
(6) shell 6.Effect: attractive in appearance, protection pot body, circuit, heating plate, control panel is arranged on shell.Play barrier protection effect during contingency cylinder generation problem simultaneously.
(7) control system and control panel: shell is provided with control panel, in order to control the whole process of rice processing; Built-in start by set date switch and/or Wi-Fi control module, energy supply control module in control panel, can start or accept according to the time of setting the internet instruction that mobile phone or PC send and start, easily realize long-distance intelligent control.
(8) safety guard:
(first) power-off protection: the pressure in piston and vapor (steam) temperature are linear correlations, and internal piston temperature comes from bottom-heated dish 51.When sensor detects that heating plate is overheated, automatic cut-off power, too highly causes hypertonia to ensure in piston that temperature is unlikely.
(second) ground protection.
(the third) earth leakage protective.
(fourth) cylinder body safety valve: born by the steam vent small lid in piston, small lid is made up of fusible metal, and its fusing point controls safe temperature in cylinder.
Embodiment two workflow and principle:
(1) in the cylinder of the bottom of a pan foot of falling type, clear water is poured into, the magnet sucking disc 234 of the thin steel chain end connecting steam vent in piston is hung down naturally and puts into the bottom of a pan of falling male portion, then piston back-off is filled in cylinder completely, make top land concordant with the bottom of a pan.Because the bottom of a pan is the not ferromagnetic stainless steel of tool, so the magnet disk 234 of the bottom of a pan central authorities can firmly hold magnet sucking disc 24.
(2) being placed in the bottom of a pan by containing steamer in rice, pouring 30-70 DEG C of clear water into, making the water surface flood rice, cover pot cover.Allow rice in steep a period of time, in order to be incubated the low temperature shelves that also can start heating plate during immersion, soak time is 30-100 minute, is preferably 60 minutes.Then start heating plate 51 and 52, control after its power makes heating plate 52 make the water of puffed wheat boiled, the water in heating plate 51 heating cylinder body produces enough steam and makes piston by interior steamer jack-up.
(3) when interior steamer is ejected the water surface by piston and blocked by the clamp at outer pot half place bottom fixing after, fire is removed in heating plate 51 power-off, and piston exhaust ports opens steam bleeding simultaneously, and water vapor pressure in cylinder is declined, and piston gets back to cylinder bottom under Gravitative Loads.
(4) heating plate 52 works on one period set, and produces enough steam and is cooked by the rice in interior steamer.Then heating plate 52 power-off.
The feasibility of the present embodiment: steam engine can produce powerful power, the first time industrial revolution causes thus.Steamer in the enough liftings of thrust that cylinder produces.Through measuring and calculating, if in cylinder external and internal pressure difference in 1 atmospheric situation, if piston radius is 10 centimetres, the lift of 3.2 kilograms can be produced, if piston radius is 8 centimetres, the lift of 2.04 kilograms can be produced.According to different rice processing capacity demands, the piston of corresponding bore is adopted to achieve the goal.
The security of the present embodiment: the pressure in cylinder body is directly proportional to temperature, the unsuitable pressure and temp of family expenses cylinder is too high, be designed to 2 atmospheric pressure with reference to pressure in the safety standard cylinder of the present invention of pressure cooker, cylinder temperature is more than 130 degree Celsius, and safety standard is equivalent to pressure cooker.The pressure of cylinder internal equals piston weight and adds and wet rice gross weight in interior steamer and pot can control the safe range at several kilograms.Mounting safety valve and power-off protection apparatus on this outer piston, once pressure exceedes safe range in piston, automatic pressure-reducing, cut off the circuit of heating plate, take away the firewood under the cauldron (by contrast pressure cooker can not control its outside firepower).Consider that shell also forms one deck protective barrier again, in fact overall security is far above pressure cooker.
Embodiment three, fall outer cooking-pot type
As shown in Figure 8,9, be the mode embodiment schematic diagram that in the present invention, the motionless outer pot of pot declines.Only draw interior pot, outer pot in figure, shell and pot cover omit.Comprise the parts compositions such as interior steamer 42, upper pan body 41, lower pot body 43, heating plate 5, jacking system, circuit, control panel, jacking system generally adopts mechanical electric flowing mode, similar with embodiment one.
(1) interior steamer 42 is cylindric non-covered container, and for holding rice, pot body is covered with circular hole, and aperture is slightly smaller than the grain of rice, can water-permeable and air permeable but can not through the grain of rice, material is stainless steel, pottery or other stablize pollution-free heat proof material.
(2) upper pan body 41 is up-small and down-big cylindrical shape, opened upper end, and bottom is crosswise, to support interior steamer.Material be stainless steel or other stablize pollution-free heat proof material.Upper pan body position is fixed immovable.
(3) lower pot body 43 is slightly larger than upper pan body and the up-small and down-big cylindric pot that shape is similar, and opened upper end and diameter are slightly less than the base diameter of upper pan body, and bottom is the bottom of a pan.Material be stainless steel or other stablize pollution-free heat-resisting, Heat Conduction Material.Lower pot body can move up and down, and when it moves to bottom, it upper can be stuck in the lower to outside of upper pan body along inside, now goes up lower pot body and forms an airtight integrated pot body.To cook neck evagination, form the tank being similar to pickle jar, catch the moisture outside pot, then discharged outside pot by evaporation.Outer pot outer casing bottom when low level has a circle heavy wall (above having sealing ring) to withstand edge, outer downside, and the outer steam of isolated pot makes it cannot top-down effect circuit.Lower pot body controls its lifting by the lowering or hoisting gear be similar in embodiment one.
(4) pot cover is circular (not shown in FIG.), covers on upper pan body to ensure that in pot, steam does not run off.Material is stainless steel, safety glass or other stablize pollution-free heat proof material.
(5) heating plate 5 is attached to lower pot body outer bottom, is cooked by rice by producing enough heats at the bottom of heating kettle and being opened by the poach in pot and continue to produce enough steam.
(6) jacking system controls lower pot body lifting, controls to cook the end near the upper the bottom of a pan to make interior steamer be immersed in the water completely time high-order, controls lower pot body and drop to the end to make at the bottom of interior steamer higher than the water surface during low level.
(7) shell 6 is for the protection of pot body, and plays attractive, decorative effect.
(8) circuit is responsible for being energized to heating plate.
(9) control panel is positioned on shell, in order to control whole rice process.
Embodiment three workflow and principle:
Appropriate rice is placed in interior steamer, interior steamer 42 is placed in upper pan body 41, lower pot body 43 is in a high position and encases upper pan body 41 completely, injecting water makes the water surface 3 higher than the top of rice, as shown in Figure 8, covers pot cover, allow and be heated to 30-70 degree Celsius under rice in steep state and keep a period of time, preferably steep 60 minutes, if environment temperature is low during immersion, the low temperature shelves that can start heating plate keep temperature.Then heating plate 5 starts the work of boiling, and water controls lower pot body 43 and drops to low level and make higher than the water surface 3 bottom upper pan body 41 after seething with excitement about 2-4 minute, as shown in Figure 9, continues heating, continues to produce steam, until cooked by rice in interior steamer in pot.
In addition, container utensil of the present invention can be not only interior pot also can be steam lattice or steam frame, namely usually said steaming double-edged fine-toothed comb, the supporting construction of blocking or holding described interior pot or steaming lattice or steaming frame is provided with inside described outer pot, by described interior pot or steam lattice or steam frame and be supported in position, middle and upper part in described outer pot, described isolating construction is the part thin rice gruel can drained in outer pot, makes interior pot or steams lattice or steam frame higher than the pumping equipment remaining thin rice gruel liquid level in outer pot.Accordingly, the mode that rice is separated with thin rice gruel can also be that interior pot and outer pot are all motionless, by part thin rice gruel of draining, makes interior pot higher than remaining thin rice gruel liquid level in outer pot.
Embodiment four: part of draining thin rice gruel formula.
As shown in Figure 10, be that pot in the present invention, outer pot are motionless, make interior pot higher than an embodiment of outer pot thin rice gruel liquid level by part thin rice gruel of draining.The present embodiment is formed realization by with lower part:
(1) interior pot 4: material is stainless steel, or other stablize hard metal.Shape is bottomed cylindrical, and diameter is slightly less than outer pot inside diameter.Be covered with aperture above, aperture is less than the grain of rice, can water-permeable and air permeable but can not through the grain of rice.With first three plant in embodiment unlike, have supporting construction bottom it, be specially three supporting foots 44, whole interior steamer is ancient cooking vessel shape.
(2) outer pot 2: material is stainless steel, or other stablize hard metal.Shape is bottomed cylindrical.
(3) pumping equipment: the connector that the position being less than interior pot supporting foot length outside outer pot from bottom has can connect water-supply-pipe, connector links little water pump 46 by the water-supply-pipe 47 that is positioned at outside pot, the water-supply-pipe delivery port connecting water pump is positioned on the water tray 44 on frame edge on outer pot, and connector can control opening and closing; Water tray 44 material is stainless steel, or other stablize hard metal, and shape is bottomed cylindrical, and top is abduction slightly, can frame edge on outer pot, and the part thin rice gruel of being drained by water-supply-pipe is collected within water tray.An aperture 440 with cover is arranged at bottom, and the lid on aperture 440 can control opening and closing by control device.
(4) heating plate 5: be positioned at outer pot bottom, in order to heat the water in outer pot, adopts electrical heating or other heat source modes.There is circular hole centre, and external diameter is slightly smaller than the bottom of a pan diameter, and middle circle bore dia approximates annular width
(9) shell 6: attractive in appearance, protection pot body, circuit, heating plate, control panel is arranged on shell, and little water pump and drinking-water pipe are fixed inside the shell.
(5) pot cover (this figure does not draw): pot cover, for circular, covers on shell to ensure that in pot, steam does not run off.Material is stainless steel, safety glass or other stablize pollution-free heat proof material.
(6) control system and control panel: shell is provided with control panel, in order to control the whole process of rice processing.Control panel has start by set date switch and/or Wi-Fi control module, energy supply control module, start according to the time of setting or accept internet instruction startup.
(7) safety guard: earthed system, earth leakage protective, power-off protection.
Embodiment four workflow and principle:
(1) open pot cover, interior pot is placed in the outer the bottom of a pan, be put in interior steamer by rice, injected clear water did not have rice, covered pot cover.Allow rice in steep a period of time, such as 100 minutes.
(2) heating plate electrified regulation, boiled by water, keeps 3 minutes.
(3) little water pump is started by the thin rice gruel in the bottom of a pan by water-supply-pipe suction water tray, until thin rice gruel liquid level is lower than the interior the bottom of a pan; Or also the thin rice gruel of generation all can be extracted out, then the proper amount of clear water stored in advance in water tray is injected pot;
(4) continue heating a period of time, such as 20-50 minute, rice cooks by the steam utilizing residue thin rice gruel or clear water to produce.Then heating plate power-off, enters insulation program.
Embodiment five: interior pot, outer pot are motionless, falls part thin rice gruel by heating evaporation and makes at the bottom of interior steamer higher than thin rice gruel.
As shown in figure 11, be in the present invention pot outer pot motionless, make interior steamer higher than an embodiment of thin rice gruel liquid level by boiler portion thin rice gruel.The present embodiment is formed realization by with lower part:
(1) interior pot 4: material is stainless steel, or other stablize hard metal.Shape is bottomed cylindrical, and diameter is slightly less than outer pot inside diameter.Be covered with aperture above, aperture is less than the grain of rice, can water-permeable and air permeable but can not through the grain of rice.With first three plant in embodiment unlike, have three supporting foots bottom it, whole interior steamer is ancient cooking vessel shape.
(2) outer pot 2: material is stainless steel, or other stablize hard metal.Shape is bottomed cylindrical.
(3) water tray 44: material is stainless steel, or other stablize hard metal.Shape is bottomed cylindrical, and top is abduction slightly, can frame edge on outer pot.An aperture 440 is arranged at bottom, and the lid on it can control opening and closing by control device.
(4) heating plate 5: be positioned at outer pot bottom part down, in order to the water in heating kettle, adopts electrical heating or other heat source modes.
(9) shell 6: attractive in appearance, protection pot body, circuit, heating plate, control panel is arranged on shell.
(5) pot cover: pot cover is circular, covers on shell to ensure that in pot, steam does not run off.Material is stainless steel, safety glass or other stablize pollution-free heat proof material.
(6) control system and control panel: shell is provided with control panel, in order to control the whole process of rice processing.Control panel has start by set date switch and/or Wi-Fi control module, energy supply control module, start according to the time of setting or accept internet instruction startup.
(7) safety guard: earthed system, earth leakage protective, power-off protection.
Embodiment five workflow and principle:
(1) open pot cover, interior pot is placed in the outer the bottom of a pan, be put in by rice in interior pot, implantation temperature is that the clear water of 30-70 degree Celsius did not have rice, covers pot cover.Rice is allowed to keep more than 30 degree to soak a period of time 30-100 minute.
(2) after soaking, heating plate electrified regulation, water is boiled.
(3) continue heating, thin rice gruel part is absorbed by rice, partly evaporated, until thin rice gruel liquid level is lower than the interior the bottom of a pan.
(4) continue heating a period of time, utilize thin rice gruel steam to be cooked by rice.Then heating plate power-off, enters insulation program.
Pan of the present invention, except above-mentioned plain edition, also has timing type and internet of things type, to meet different user's requests.The former is by timer setting device start-up time, and latter sends instruction starting drive by internet.Be described below:
Formula (respectively corresponding embodiment one, two, three) is fallen with outer pot for interior pot is lifting:
(1) timing type: this type has timer, respectively clean rice is placed in interior pot, and water is placed in interior pot, first interior pot is arranged on the rice water released state higher than the water surface.Setting-up time starting drive, interior pot is immersed in the water, water and meter Rong He, and process is subsequently with medium-sized rice process.
(2) internet of things type: this type built-in chip, can accept internet instruction.Clean rice is placed in interior pot before working by morning respectively, and water is placed in outer pot, first interior pot is arranged on the rice water released state higher than the water surface.If normally come off duty, then send instruction by internet in advance, command device starts---first interior pot is placed in outer pot water, process is subsequently with medium-sized rice process, namely heat outer the bottom of a pan heating plate and first poach is opened generation thin rice gruel, then interior pot is separated with thin rice gruel, and continue heating thin rice gruel, meal cooks by the steam utilizing thin rice gruel to produce.If because the reasons such as interim overtime work, dinner party change the plan of going home to have a meal, do not send out enabled instruction, then dry meter Yu Shui does not contact, and within second day, can also continue to use, and can not waste because rice in steep crosses rotten for a long time.This is that traditional electrical pot for cooking rice cannot realize.
The timing type of embodiment one and internet of things type: proper amount of clear water is injected in the bottom of a pan, be stuck in a high position by putting steamer clamp in clean rice well, be in pot meter Shui Fen from state.In start by set date time arrival (timing type) or after receiving enabled instruction (internet of things type), magnechuck startup holds card end nut and clamp is unclamped, electro-motor starts slowly falls into the bottom of a pan by interior pot, and the rice in interior steamer is submerged in water completely.The heating plate in the bottom of a pan starts, and starts the steamed rice process of the several step of plain edition above.
The timing type of embodiment two and internet of things type, need many stainless steel brackets, and bracket is annulus that diameter is identical with interior steamer and there is crosswise thin bar centre.By cylinder and the bottom of a pan injected clear water, the little hook of activity piston being pulled out high position top land hooks the right-angled intersection position of bracket, and bracket is positioned on clamp, and the interior steamer installing clean rice is positioned on bracket, be in meter Shui Fen from state.In start by set date time arrival (timing type) or after receiving enabled instruction (internet of things type), clamp unclamps, because piston and cylinder wall have the tension buffer of water, interior steamer and piston slowly fall into the bottom of a pan under gravity, and the rice in interior steamer is submerged in water completely.The heating plate 51 and 52 in the bottom of a pan starts, and starts the steamed rice process of medium-sized several step above.
Embodiment three also has similar timing type and internet of things type.
For interior pot, outer pot not dynamic formula (corresponding embodiment four, five):
The timing type of embodiment four and internet of things type.The bottom of a pan being injected the clear water of water level lower than interior the bottom of a pan certain distance, being placed in outer pot bottom by putting pot in clean rice well, be in pot meter Shui Fen from state, then by water tray frame edge on outer pot, inject proper amount of clear water wherein.Arrive (timing type) or after receiving enabled instruction (internet of things type), the lid bottom water tray is activated to be opened in the start by set date time, in pallet under current until the rice in interior steamer is submerged in water completely.The heating plate in the bottom of a pan starts, and starts the steamed rice process of the several step of plain edition above.
The timing type of embodiment five and internet of things type.The bottom of a pan being injected the clear water of water level lower than interior the bottom of a pan certain distance, being placed in outer pot bottom by putting steamer in clean rice well, be in pot meter Shui Fen from state, then by water tray frame edge on outer pot, inject proper amount of clear water wherein.Arrive (timing type) or after receiving enabled instruction (internet of things type), the lid bottom water tray is activated to be opened in the start by set date time, in pallet under current until the rice in interior steamer is submerged in water completely.The heating plate in the bottom of a pan starts, and starts the steamed rice process of the several step of plain edition above.
Herein means bright, more than describe and contribute to those skilled in the art and understand the invention, but and the protection domain of unrestricted the invention.Any enforcement improving the equivalent replacement described above, modification and/or delete numerous conforming to the principle of simplicity and carry out not departing from the invention flesh and blood, all falls into the protection domain of the invention.

Claims (19)

1. processing a pan for rice, it is characterized in that, comprising the outer pot for being filled with water, be located in outer pot and water in outer pot can immerse the container utensil for containing rice in it, described container utensil water-permeable and air permeable but can not through the grain of rice;
Comprise control device, described control device comprises immersion control device, and for after pan starts, the rice first controlling to contain in container utensil soaks a period of time;
Also comprise isolating construction, being filled with water to boil in outer pot for rice that utensil to be contained is contained produces after thin rice gruel, is separated by rice with thin rice gruel.
2. pan according to claim 1, is characterized in that described control device also comprises and boils control device and cook control device;
Wherein said immersion control device is connected with heating plate, soaks in warm water for the rice controlling to contain in container utensil;
Described control device of boiling is connected with isolating construction with heating plate, for after immersion control device quits work, is heated up by water in outer pot and boils and keep 1-5 minute, then start isolating construction;
The described control device that cooks is connected with heating plate, is separated the rear steaming rice process keeping 20-50 minute for completing at separating mechanism.
3. pan according to claim 2, is characterized in that described immersion control device comprises the temperature detect switch (TDS) be connected with heating plate and the time switch controlling soak time;
Described time switch of boiling the temperature detect switch (TDS) that control device comprises the control boiling temps be connected with heating plate and the control boiling time be connected with isolating construction;
Described cook control device comprise be connected with heating plate cook time switch.
4. pan according to claim 1, is characterized in that the time of described immersion is 30-100 minute, and the water of immersion is warm water.
5. pan according to claim 4, is characterized in that the time of described immersion is 60 minutes.
6. pan according to claim 4, is characterized in that described warm water temperature is 30-70 DEG C.
7. pan according to claim 6, is characterized in that described warm water temperature is 50 DEG C.
8. pan according to claim 1, steams 30 minutes after it is characterized in that described separation.
9. pan according to claim 1, is characterized in that described container utensil is interior pot, and described outer pot also arranges the shell of band pot cover outward, and described interior pot, outer pot, shell are set with from inside to outside successively; Described interior pot is covered with water-permeable and air permeable but can not through the aperture of the grain of rice; The degree of depth of described outer pot is greater than the degree of depth of interior pot, and the bottom of described outer pot has heating plate; Described isolating construction is lowering or hoisting gear, for controlling on the water surface that interior pot and/or outer pot lifting make the interior pot the bottom of a pan contain higher than outer pot.
10. pan according to claim 9, it is characterized in that described heating plate is positioned at outer pot bottom part down, described heating plate is middle round-meshed circular, its external diameter is 85 ~ 99% of the bottom of a pan diameter, middle circle bore dia is 25 ~ 55% of disk diameter, and described heating plate adopts electrical heating or other heat source modes.
11. pans according to claim 9, it is characterized in that described lowering or hoisting gear adopts mechanical electric flowing mode, the lowering or hoisting gear of described mechanical electric flowing mode comprises the draw-gear of pot or outer pot in motor, pulley, traction, described motor connects draw-gear by pulley, is risen or decline by pot in pulley driving or outer pot; Or described lowering or hoisting gear adopts steam-cylinder piston lifting mode, the lowering or hoisting gear of described steam-cylinder piston lifting mode comprises piston, described piston cylindrically, bottom is open, and top seal, is placed in the cylinder body of outer pot bottom, the cylinder body of diameter and outer pot is closely sealed, utilize water to do lubricant and sealant, cylinder base is heated and is produced steam-energy and promote piston and rise, the interior pot of jack-up on it.
12. pans according to claim 9, it is characterized in that described container utensil is interior pot or steams lattice or steam frame, the shell of band pot cover is set outside described outer pot, the supporting construction of blocking or holding described interior pot or steaming lattice or steaming frame is provided with inside outer pot, by described interior pot or steam lattice or steam frame and be supported in appropriate location inside described outer pot, described isolating construction is the part thin rice gruel can drained in outer pot, makes interior pot or steams lattice or steam frame higher than the pumping equipment remaining thin rice gruel liquid level in outer pot.
13. pans according to claim 12, it is characterized in that described pumping equipment comprises the water tray being arranged on the water-supply-pipe outside outer pot, the water pump be connected with water-supply-pipe and frame edge on outer pot, described outer pot sidewall has the connector of the controlled opening and closing connecting water-supply-pipe, the delivery port of water-supply-pipe is positioned on water tray, and the thin rice gruel of being drained by water-supply-pipe is collected within water tray.
14. pans according to claim 9, is characterized in that described shell is provided with control panel, in order to control the whole process of rice processing; Built-in start by set date switch and/or Wi-Fi control module, energy supply control module in described control panel, start or accept according to the time of setting the internet instruction that mobile phone or PC send and start, realize long-distance intelligent control.
The processing method of 15. 1 kinds of rice, it is characterized in that, appropriate rice is placed in water-permeable and air permeable but can not through in the container utensil of the grain of rice, described container utensil is placed in an outer pot, adds water and makes rice be soaked in water, rice is allowed to soak a period of time, then heat, boil after generation thin rice gruel until a meter aqueous mixtures and continue for some time, rice is separated with thin rice gruel, continue heating thin rice gruel, rice cooks by the steam utilizing thin rice gruel to produce.
16. methods according to claim 15, is characterized in that the time of described immersion is 30-100 minute, and the water of immersion is warm water.
17. methods according to claim 16, is characterized in that described warm water is 30-70 DEG C; The described time of boiling is 1-5 minute; It is 20 minutes-50 minutes that steam cooks the time.
18. methods according to claim 15, is characterized in that described container utensil is interior pot, and described separation refers to interior pot upwards to promote and makes the interior pot the bottom of a pan higher than thin rice gruel liquid level, and underdone rice is separated with the thin rice gruel in outer pot; Or described separation refers to outer pot to move down and makes the interior pot the bottom of a pan expose thin rice gruel liquid level, underdone rice is separated with the thin rice gruel in outer pot.
19. methods according to claim 15, it is characterized in that described container utensil is interior pot or steams lattice or steam frame, the supporting construction of blocking or holding described interior pot or steaming lattice or steaming frame is provided with inside described outer pot, by described interior pot or steam lattice or steam frame and be supported in appropriate location inside described outer pot, described separation refers to extracts out the thin rice gruel in outer pot or discharge section, make interior pot or steam lattice or steam frame higher than thin rice gruel liquid level, underdone rice is separated with thin rice gruel.
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