CN105394380A - Calcium-supplement boar formula feed and preparation method thereof - Google Patents

Calcium-supplement boar formula feed and preparation method thereof Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105394380A
CN105394380A CN201510768817.8A CN201510768817A CN105394380A CN 105394380 A CN105394380 A CN 105394380A CN 201510768817 A CN201510768817 A CN 201510768817A CN 105394380 A CN105394380 A CN 105394380A
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China
Prior art keywords
parts
mix
water
calcium
boar
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CN201510768817.8A
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Chinese (zh)
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汪家喜
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Liuan Ruitai Breeding Technology Co Ltd
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Liuan Ruitai Breeding Technology Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510768817.8A priority Critical patent/CN105394380A/en
Publication of CN105394380A publication Critical patent/CN105394380A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/80Food processing, e.g. use of renewable energies or variable speed drives in handling, conveying or stacking
    • Y02P60/87Re-use of by-products of food processing for fodder production

Abstract

The invention discloses a calcium-supplement boar formula feed, which is prepared from the following raw materials in parts by weight: 30-40 parts of bran, 30-40 parts of black soybean meal, 30-40 parts of soybean straw, 20-25 parts of scales, 6-7 parts of bentonite, 3-4 parts of cocoanut active charcoal, 40-50 parts of auriculariales mushroom bran, 13-18 parts of oyster, 1-2 parts of cynomorium songaricum, 3-4 parts of herba epimedii, and a proper amount of calcium chloride, papain, gelatin, maltodextrin, saccharomyces cerevisiae, aspergillus niger and water. The feed prepared by the method can fully meet special nutrient requirements of boar; the health level of the breeding boar is improved; the utilization years are prolonged; and the semen quality, the fertilization rate and the embryo survival rate of the breeding boar are also significantly improved.

Description

A kind of calcium-replenishing kind swine feed and preparation method thereof
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of field of feed, particularly a kind of calcium-replenishing kind swine feed and preparation method thereof.
Background technology
China is that the first in the world is raised pigs big country, feed industry occupies an important position in national economy, prevailing along with scientific cultivation, people have had more deep awareness and understanding for the cultivation of domestic animal, how to improve the survival rate of domestic animal, reduce the generation of disease, accelerating its growth rate and improve meat quality, is the urgent inquisitive problems of numerous cultivation dealers.
Bentonite is at China's rich reserves, and it is a kind of moisture alumino-silicate clays mineral, owing to having some very special physical and chemical performances, is widely used in industrial and agricultural production by people.Bentonite has the excellent physicochemical property such as stronger alkalescence, viscosity, water swellability and cation exchange, and is rich in the lot of trace nutrient needed for plant.But can be less for plant absorption Organic nutrient in bentonite, and containing a large amount of organic matters in bacterium chaff, the two carries out the mixing of appropriate proportioning, then can have complementary advantages.Bacterium chaff has the advantage that soft, fragrant odour, good palatability, nutritive value significantly improve, mycelium residual a large amount of in bacterium chaff, be rich in protein, several amino acids, trace element, vitamin and the bioactivator such as polysaccharide, triterpene, there is important application prospect.Edible fungi residue feed replaces feed a part to feed pig, neither affects production performance and the nutritive index of pig, also can reduce feeding cost, improves the economic benefit of cultivation, decreases the pollution of waste mushroom leftover to environment, for the better recycling of bacterium chaff opens new approach.Fish scale contains rich in protein, fat and multivitamin, also has trace element and the colloid of iron, zinc, calcium and multiple needed by human.Fish scale being carried out twice laid extraction collagen peptide is a kind of functional food or health product raw material, wherein there is a large amount of biological active components, comprise and there is anti-oxidant, suppression ACE activity, antiulcer, suppression arthritis, raising immunity, bioactive polypeptide such as enhancing bone density and prevention of osteoporosis etc.
Summary of the invention
The present invention compensate for the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of calcium-replenishing kind swine feed and preparation method thereof.
Technical scheme of the present invention is as follows:
Pig feed of the present invention is made up of the raw material of following weight portion: wheat bran 30-40, black bean powder 30-40, soybean stalk 30-40, fish scale 20-25, bentonite 6-7, cocoanut active charcoal 3-4, agaric fungus chaff 40-50, oyster 13-18, cynomorium songaricum 1-2, longspur epimedium 3-4, calcium chloride, papain, gelatin, maltodextrin, saccharomyces cerevisiae, aspergillus niger, water are appropriate;
The concrete steps of the preparation of described pig feed are as follows:
(1) after agaric fungus chaff being mixed with suitable quantity of water in high-speed tissue mashing machine with the speed homogenate 2min of 10000r/min, access saccharomyces cerevisiae, aspergillus niger, at 30-35 DEG C of condition bottom fermentation 5-6 days, obtain bacterium chaff zymotic fluid;
(2) bentonite is put into roaster and carry out calcination process under 450 DEG C of conditions, then add in the bacterium chaff zymotic fluid of step 1 with cocoanut active charcoal, stir, mix after microwave treatment with wheat bran, dry, granulation, obtains ferment particulate;
(3) fish scale is made powder after degreasing deliming, mix with papain and suitable quantity of water again, enzymolysis 3 hours under 55 DEG C of conditions, then boiling water bath goes out enzyme 10min, be cooled to room temperature, with 4000r/min low-speed centrifugal 10min, get supernatant polypeptide liquid to mix with calcium chloride, be 60 DEG C in temperature, PH is the chelating 40 minutes of vibrating under the condition of 7, obtains chelate, gelatin, maltodextrin and water Hybrid Heating are stirred to and dissolve completely, mix with above-mentioned chelate again, spraying dry, obtain chelating powder;
(4) carry out ultramicro grinding after soybean stalk being dried 10-15 hour through 200-300 DEG C, then mix with the chelating powder of step 3, obtain mixed powder;
(5) cynomorium songaricum, longspur epimedium are added suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, filter sediment, add after oyster high pressure boils, stir into pureed, granulation, dry, then mix with the ferment particulate of step 2, the mixed powder of step 4.
Beneficial effect of the present invention:
Calcium-replenishing kind swine feed of the present invention, bacterium chaff being put into high speed tissue mashing can make the mycelia of bacterium chaff rupture, be conducive to the release of enzyme, after fermentation, crude protein content can rise to original 2 times again, bentonitic specific area can be strengthened after bentonite carries out calcination process, improve its performance, in acid agaric fungus chaff, apply bentonite not only can have complementary advantages, the PH of bacterium chaff can also be improved, reduce Exchange alkalinity content, soybean stalk is mixed with the fish scale extract being rich in colloid and effectively can improve the coarse mouthfeel of stalk, the light-coloured vinegar simultaneously added, ginger effectively can remove the fishy smell of fish scale, the further palatability improving feed, thus improve the peptic ulcer bleeding of pig for nutrient, improve feed efficiency.Obtained Feed Energy fully meets the special nutritional need of boar, not only improves the herd boar general level of the health and utilization periods, also significantly improves quality of boar semen, rate of fertilization and embryo survival.
Specific embodiments
Below in conjunction with following detailed description of the invention, the present invention is described in further detail:
The raw material taking following weight portion (kg) is made: wheat bran 35, black bean powder 35, soybean stalk 35, fish scale 23, bentonite 6, cocoanut active charcoal 3, agaric fungus chaff 45, oyster 15, cynomorium songaricum 1, longspur epimedium 3, calcium chloride, papain, gelatin, maltodextrin, saccharomyces cerevisiae, aspergillus niger, water are appropriate;
The concrete steps of the preparation method of pig feed are as follows:
(1) after agaric fungus chaff being mixed with suitable quantity of water in high-speed tissue mashing machine with the speed homogenate 2min of 10000r/min, access saccharomyces cerevisiae, aspergillus niger, 35 DEG C of condition bottom fermentations 5 days, obtain bacterium chaff zymotic fluid;
(2) bentonite is put into roaster and carry out calcination process under 450 DEG C of conditions, then add in the bacterium chaff zymotic fluid of step 1 with cocoanut active charcoal, stir, mix after microwave treatment with wheat bran, dry, granulation, obtains ferment particulate;
(3) fish scale is made powder after degreasing deliming, mix with papain and suitable quantity of water again, enzymolysis 3 hours under 55 DEG C of conditions, then boiling water bath goes out enzyme 10min, be cooled to room temperature, with 4000r/min low-speed centrifugal 10min, get supernatant polypeptide liquid to mix with calcium chloride, be 60 DEG C in temperature, PH is the chelating 40 minutes of vibrating under the condition of 7, obtains chelate, gelatin, maltodextrin and water Hybrid Heating are stirred to and dissolve completely, mix with above-mentioned chelate again, spraying dry, obtain chelating powder;
(4) carry out ultramicro grinding after soybean stalk being dried 13 hours through 250 DEG C, then mix with the chelating powder of step 3, obtain mixed powder;
(5) cynomorium songaricum, longspur epimedium are added suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 2 hours, filter sediment, add after oyster high pressure boils, stir into pureed, granulation, dry, then mix with the ferment particulate of step 2, the mixed powder of step 4.
In order to further illustrate using value of the present invention, feed of the present invention is used for boar, experiment proves, feeding feed improves health status and the immunologic function of boar for a long time, testicular weight improves 5%, and boar service life and reproductive life improve 8 months, have good culture benefit.

Claims (2)

1. a calcium-replenishing kind swine feed, it is characterized in that, be made up of the raw material of following weight portion: wheat bran 30-40, black bean powder 30-40, soybean stalk 30-40, fish scale 20-25, bentonite 6-7, cocoanut active charcoal 3-4, agaric fungus chaff 40-50, oyster 13-18, cynomorium songaricum 1-2, longspur epimedium 3-4, calcium chloride, papain, gelatin, maltodextrin, saccharomyces cerevisiae, aspergillus niger, water are appropriate.
2. calcium-replenishing kind swine feed according to claims 1, it is characterized in that, the concrete steps of preparation method are as follows:
(1) after agaric fungus chaff being mixed with suitable quantity of water in high-speed tissue mashing machine with the speed homogenate 2min of 10000r/min, access saccharomyces cerevisiae, aspergillus niger, at 30-35 DEG C of condition bottom fermentation 5-6 days, obtain bacterium chaff zymotic fluid;
(2) bentonite is put into roaster and carry out calcination process under 450 DEG C of conditions, then add in the bacterium chaff zymotic fluid of step 1 with cocoanut active charcoal, stir, mix after microwave treatment with wheat bran, dry, granulation, obtains ferment particulate;
(3) fish scale is made powder after degreasing deliming, mix with papain and suitable quantity of water again, enzymolysis 3 hours under 55 DEG C of conditions, then boiling water bath goes out enzyme 10min, be cooled to room temperature, with 4000r/min low-speed centrifugal 10min, get supernatant polypeptide liquid to mix with calcium chloride, be 60 DEG C in temperature, PH is the chelating 40 minutes of vibrating under the condition of 7, obtains chelate, gelatin, maltodextrin and water Hybrid Heating are stirred to and dissolve completely, mix with above-mentioned chelate again, spraying dry, obtain chelating powder;
(4) carry out ultramicro grinding after soybean stalk being dried 10-15 hour through 200-300 DEG C, then mix with the chelating powder of step 3, obtain mixed powder;
(5) cynomorium songaricum, longspur epimedium are added suitable quantity of water slow fire boiling 1-2 hour, filter sediment, add after oyster high pressure boils, stir into pureed, granulation, dry, then mix with the ferment particulate of step 2, the mixed powder of step 4.
CN201510768817.8A 2015-11-12 2015-11-12 Calcium-supplement boar formula feed and preparation method thereof Pending CN105394380A (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106721262A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 广西大学 A kind of feed addictive for improving boar breeding potential

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102172393A (en) * 2010-12-17 2011-09-07 中国海洋大学 Calcium supplement of fish scale protein peptide calcium chelate and preparation method thereof
CN103445004A (en) * 2013-05-25 2013-12-18 安康市汉滨区阳晨牧业科技有限公司 Feed for promoting estrus of boars
CN103721008A (en) * 2012-10-15 2014-04-16 天津君合心科技发展有限公司 Traditional Chinese medicine veterinary drug for treating out of heat of livestock and preparation method of traditional Chinese medicine veterinary drug
CN103976172A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-08-13 和县凤台山煜新畜牧有限公司 Fermented pig feed
CN104206804A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-12-17 宁国市百惠牧业有限公司 Feed specially used for adult pig
CN104905047A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-16 安徽金源农牧科技有限公司 Feeding-attractant immunity-improving pig feed and preparation method thereof

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102172393A (en) * 2010-12-17 2011-09-07 中国海洋大学 Calcium supplement of fish scale protein peptide calcium chelate and preparation method thereof
CN103721008A (en) * 2012-10-15 2014-04-16 天津君合心科技发展有限公司 Traditional Chinese medicine veterinary drug for treating out of heat of livestock and preparation method of traditional Chinese medicine veterinary drug
CN103445004A (en) * 2013-05-25 2013-12-18 安康市汉滨区阳晨牧业科技有限公司 Feed for promoting estrus of boars
CN103976172A (en) * 2014-04-28 2014-08-13 和县凤台山煜新畜牧有限公司 Fermented pig feed
CN104206804A (en) * 2014-07-21 2014-12-17 宁国市百惠牧业有限公司 Feed specially used for adult pig
CN104905047A (en) * 2015-05-27 2015-09-16 安徽金源农牧科技有限公司 Feeding-attractant immunity-improving pig feed and preparation method thereof

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106721262A (en) * 2016-11-30 2017-05-31 广西大学 A kind of feed addictive for improving boar breeding potential

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