CN105341986B - A kind of method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco - Google Patents

A kind of method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco Download PDF

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CN105341986B
CN105341986B CN201510739288.9A CN201510739288A CN105341986B CN 105341986 B CN105341986 B CN 105341986B CN 201510739288 A CN201510739288 A CN 201510739288A CN 105341986 B CN105341986 B CN 105341986B
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tobacco
dry
tobacco leaf
bulb temperature
wet
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CN201510739288.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105341986A (en
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黄维
崔国民
赵高坤
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云南省烟草农业科学研究院
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B3/00Preparing tobacco in the factory
    • A24B3/10Roasting or cooling tobacco

Abstract

The invention discloses a kind of method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco.The standard for harvesting tobacco leaf in methods described bleaches for cigarette muscle, and it is faint yellow that tobacco leaf presentation fine hair major part comes off;Smoke filling density in barn is 42~45kg/m3, the built-in cigarette of barn to the 95% of as little as volume;Turn yellow, put down the baking process that temperature is dried using low temperature and lower limit low humidity, specifically include warm-up phase, yellowing stage, fixation stage and dry muscle stage, directly bake drying to the master pulse of full barn tobacco leaf;Above-mentioned each baking stage need to control programming rate in 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h.Methods described is particularly suitable for as a variety of causes is planted late or is grown on that height above sea level, temperature is low, tobacco growth phase length cigarette district tobacco leaf, its picking and roasting will just terminate to the Autumnal Equinox to the Frost's Descent climate and other natural phenomena of a season, metabolism, synthesis, decomposition in tobacco leaf body all becomes slow, blade thickness, tissue is coarse, fades yellow slow.Methods described is simple to operation, can improve the baking quality of Cold Dew aggrieved tobacco leaf, reduces loss, increases tobacco grower's income.

Description

A kind of method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco
Technical field
The invention belongs to tobacco flue-curing technical field, and in particular to a kind of side of raising Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco Method.
Background technology
Tobacco flue-curing is the key for determining quality of tobacco.The baking of science can modulate the tobacco leaf of high-quality, meet cigarette Formulary requirements.Because of weather, edphic factor, cultivation technique implements the reason such as not in place to field tobacco leaf, and some can be caused to be difficult to toast, Inferior fresh cigarette, affects tobacco grower's income.
Cold Dew aggrieved tobacco leaf system cigarette district is planted late or height above sea level, temperature is low, tobacco growth phase length cigarette due to a variety of causes Area, the picking and roasting of tobacco leaf will could terminate to the Autumnal Equinox to the Frost's Descent climate and other natural phenomena of a season.As temperature reduces after autumn, air humidity reduces, and makes Obtaining the metabolism in tobacco leaf body, synthesis, decomposition etc. all becomes slow.Thus there is blade thickness, fresh dry cigarette scale smaller is arrived 4.98~4.11:1, water content is reduced to 79.33%~75.68%, and leaf texture is coarse, the phenomenon such as fade yellow slow.It is thus desirable to Develop a kind of baking method for Cold Dew aggrieved tobacco leaf to improve its baking quality, reduce loss, increase tobacco grower's income.
Content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this:The method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco include harvesting, Shove charge and roasting procedure, specifically include:
A, harvesting:The standard of harvesting tobacco leaf bleaches for cigarette muscle, and it is faint yellow that tobacco leaf presentation fine hair major part comes off;
B, shove charge:Smoke filling density in barn is 42~45kg/m3, the built-in cigarette of barn to the 95% of as little as volume;
C, baking:Turn yellow, put down the baking process that temperature is dried using low temperature and lower limit low humidity, specifically include warm-up phase, change Yellow stage, fixation stage and dry muscle stage;
The warm-up phase is referred to:With the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h after on fire, dry-bulb temperature is risen by natural temperature To 29 DEG C, make wet-bulb temperature be maintained at 26 ~ 27 DEG C, bake and start to soften to base frame tobacco leaf, the micro- Huang of blade tip;
The yellowing stage is referred to:At the initial stage of flavescence with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen by 29 DEG C To 34 ~ 35 DEG C, make wet-bulb temperature 31 ~ 32 DEG C be risen to by 26 ~ 27 DEG C, stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bake to the flavescence of base frame tobacco leaf 1/3;In the later stage that turns yellow with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature being risen to 38 ~ 39 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 34 ~ 34.5 DEG C, stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bake and turn yellow to base frame tobacco leaf completely;
The fixation stage refers to:At the fixation initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, by dry-bulb temperature by 38 ~ 39 DEG C 45 ~ 46 DEG C are raised to, make wet-bulb temperature 35 ~ 36 DEG C be risen to by 34 ~ 34.5 DEG C, stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bake to roof platform tobacco leaf Turn yellow completely;In the fixation later stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 54 ~ 55 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises To 37 ~ 38 DEG C, stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bake to the offshoot and mesophyll drying of full barn tobacco leaf;
The dry muscle stage refers to:With the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 65 DEG C by 54 ~ 55 DEG C, Make wet-bulb temperature 39 ~ 40 DEG C be risen to by 37 ~ 38 DEG C, stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bake to dry to the master pulse of full barn tobacco leaf and be Only.
Baking method of the present invention is particularly suitable for due to a variety of causes that to plant or be grown on height above sea level, temperature late low, roasting The tobacco leaf of the cigarette district of cigarette growth period length, its picking and roasting will just terminate to the Autumnal Equinox to the Frost's Descent climate and other natural phenomena of a season, metabolism in tobacco leaf body, Synthesis, decomposition all become slow, blade thickness, and tissue is coarse, fade yellow slow.For the These characteristics of Cold Dew aggrieved tobacco leaf, Consider that tobacco leaf grows under cryogenic after autumn, the method for the invention sets one in roasting procedure and compares field The more slightly higher temperature of temperature, preheats tobacco leaf and somewhat softens, then rise to the adaptability transition rank of higher temperature baking again Section warm-up phase.In tobacco leaf after preheating, the activity of enzyme has strengthened, and tobacco leaf cells have had adaptation higher temperature Stretch capability, the method for the invention are heated up using flame enrichment by stages and promote tobacco leaf to turn yellow, the slower programming rate of selection, slightly long The flavescence time, while noted moisturizing.When the dry-bulb temperature of each temperature period of yellowing stage rises to predetermined number of degrees with respect, to wet Ball temperature has carried out accurate restriction, and solving in traditional baking method wet-bulb temperature, to control the improper temperature for causing low, wet Degree is little, and tobacco leaf easily goes out blue or green point or is roasted into bluish yellow cigarette, or temperature drift, high humidity, and not only tobacco leaf flavescence is slow, or even produces " grain Point " and blackening, bake the technical barrier of blue or green withered cigarette.In yellowing stage, when base frame tobacco leaf has turned yellow, the method for the invention Take, offshoot and mesophyll are dried in the process of hydrofuge fixation.In the fixation stage, the method for the invention is special The stability of the control and intensification of programming rate is not noted, it is to avoid fall temperature or violent intensification, and consistent wet after tobacco leaf turns yellow Ball temperature, accelerates hydrofuge, prevents humidity excessive, dust, brown leaf occurs, affects fixation effect.In the dry muscle stage, for cigarette after autumn Leaf texture is coarse, and resistance to roasting property is poor, the characteristics of non-refractory and low humidity, the method for the invention select temperature is relatively low and humidity slightly Under conditions of height, master pulse is steadily dried, it is to avoid produce withered brown blade, reduce quality of tobacco.The baking method process is simple, holds Easy to operate, the baking quality of Cold Dew aggrieved tobacco leaf can be improved, loss is reduced, increases tobacco grower's income, great application value.
Specific embodiment
The present invention is further illustrated below, but never in any form the present invention is any limitation as, based on the present invention Any conversion or replacement that training centre is made, belong to protection scope of the present invention.
The method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco of the present invention includes harvesting, shove charge and roasting procedure, specifically Including:
Described harvesting operation is referred to:The standard of harvesting tobacco leaf bleaches for cigarette muscle, and tobacco leaf assumes what fine hair major part came off Faint yellow.
Described shove charge operation is referred to:Smoke filling density in barn is 42~45kg/m3, the built-in cigarette of barn is to as little as volume 95%.
Described roasting procedure is referred to:Turn yellow, put down the baking process that temperature is dried using low temperature and lower limit low humidity, specifically include Warm-up phase, yellowing stage, fixation stage and dry muscle stage.
The warm-up phase is referred to:With the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h after on fire, dry-bulb temperature is risen by natural temperature To 29 DEG C, make wet-bulb temperature be maintained at 26 ~ 27 DEG C, bake and start to soften to base frame tobacco leaf, the micro- Huang of blade tip.
The yellowing stage is referred to:At the initial stage of flavescence with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen by 29 DEG C To 34 ~ 35 DEG C, make wet-bulb temperature 31 ~ 32 DEG C be risen to by 26 ~ 27 DEG C, stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bake to the flavescence of base frame tobacco leaf 1/3;In the later stage that turns yellow with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature being risen to 38 ~ 39 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 34 ~ 34.5 DEG C, stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bake and turn yellow to base frame tobacco leaf completely.
The fixation stage refers to:At the fixation initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, by dry-bulb temperature by 38 ~ 39 DEG C 45 ~ 46 DEG C are raised to, make wet-bulb temperature 35 ~ 36 DEG C be risen to by 34 ~ 34.5 DEG C, stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bake to roof platform tobacco leaf Turn yellow completely;In the fixation later stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 54 ~ 55 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises To 37 ~ 38 DEG C, stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bake to the offshoot and mesophyll drying of full barn tobacco leaf.
The dry muscle stage refers to:With the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 65 DEG C by 54 ~ 55 DEG C, Make wet-bulb temperature 39 ~ 40 DEG C be risen to by 37 ~ 38 DEG C, stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bake to dry to the master pulse of full barn tobacco leaf and be Only.
The natural temperature of the warm-up phase refers to 12 ~ 22 DEG C.
The programming rate of the warm-up phase is 1 DEG C/1.5 ~ 2h.
Programming rate of the yellowing stage at the initial stage of flavescence is 1 DEG C/1.5 ~ 2h.
Programming rate of the yellowing stage in the later stage that turns yellow is 1 DEG C/1 ~ 1.5h.
Programming rate of the fixation stage at the fixation initial stage is 1 DEG C/1 ~ 1.5h.
Programming rate of the fixation stage in the fixation later stage is 1 DEG C/1 ~ 1.5h.
The programming rate in the dry muscle stage is 1 DEG C/1h.
Described Cold Dew, aggrieved tobacco leaf was referred to:Due to a variety of causes, cultivation or height above sea level, temperature are low, tobacco growth phase length late Cigarette district, the picking and roasting of tobacco leaf will could terminate to the Autumnal Equinox to the Frost's Descent climate and other natural phenomena of a season, and the metabolism, synthesis, decomposition in tobacco leaf body is all Become slow, blade thickness, fresh dry cigarette scale smaller to 4.98~4.11:1, water content is reduced to 79.33%~75.68%, leaf Tissue is coarse, fades yellow slow.
The tobacco leaf is any one in cloud and mist 87, K326 or cloud and mist 97.
Embodiment 1
The baking of 87 kind Cold Dew of cloud and mist aggrieved tobacco leaf
(1)Tobacco leaf picking:Harvesting cigarette muscle bleaches, and fine hair major part comes off in flaxen tobacco leaf.
(2)Tobacco leaf shove charge:Smoke filling density in barn is 42kg/m3, the built-in cigarette of barn to the 95% of volume, suitably close dress.
(3)Tobacco flue-curing:Turn yellow, put down the baking process that temperature is dried using low temperature and lower limit low humidity, specifically include preheating rank Section, yellowing stage, fixation stage and dry muscle stage.
Warm-up phase:With the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h after on fire, dry-bulb temperature risen to 29 DEG C by natural temperature, is made Wet-bulb temperature is maintained at 26 DEG C, bakes and starts to soften to base frame tobacco leaf, the micro- Huang of blade tip.
Yellowing stage:At the initial stage of flavescence with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 34 DEG C by 29 DEG C, is made Wet-bulb temperature rises to 31 DEG C by 26 DEG C, stablizes the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bakes to base frame tobacco leaf flavescence 1/3;In the later stage that turns yellow with 1 DEG C/programming rate of 1h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 39 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 34 DEG C, stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature bake to Base frame tobacco leaf turns yellow completely.
The fixation stage:At the fixation initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 45 DEG C by 39 DEG C, is made Wet-bulb temperature rises to 35 DEG C by 34 DEG C, stablizes the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bakes and turn yellow to roof platform tobacco leaf completely;In the fixation later stage with 1 DEG C/programming rate of 1h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 55 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 37 DEG C, stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature bake to The offshoot and mesophyll of full barn tobacco leaf is dried.
The dry muscle stage:With the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 65 DEG C by 55 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature is made by 37 DEG C 39 DEG C are risen to, stablized the dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes and dry to the master pulse of full barn tobacco leaf.
The method is suitable for baking 87 kind of cloud and mist as a variety of causes is planted late or height above sea level, temperature are low, the tobacco growth phase Long, temperature reduces after autumn, and air humidity reduces so that metabolism, synthesis, decomposition in tobacco leaf body etc. all become slow cigarette Leaf, toasts Cold Dew aggrieved tobacco leaf using the method, and cured tobacco leaf quality is significantly improved, and better-than-average tobacco leaf amount lifts 11%, low order etc. Cigarette ratio reduces, tobacco grower's revenue growth.
Embodiment 2
The baking of K326 kind Cold Dew aggrieved tobacco leaf
(1)Tobacco leaf picking:Harvesting cigarette muscle bleaches, and fine hair major part comes off in flaxen tobacco leaf.
(2)Tobacco leaf shove charge:Smoke filling density in barn is 43kg/m3, the built-in cigarette of barn to the 97% of volume, suitably close dress.
(3)Tobacco flue-curing:Turn yellow, put down the baking process that temperature is dried using low temperature and lower limit low humidity, specifically include preheating rank Section, yellowing stage, fixation stage and dry muscle stage.
Warm-up phase:With the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h after on fire, dry-bulb temperature risen to 29 DEG C by natural temperature, is made Wet-bulb temperature is maintained at 27 DEG C, bakes and starts to soften to base frame tobacco leaf, the micro- Huang of blade tip.
Yellowing stage:At the initial stage of flavescence with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 34 DEG C by 29 DEG C, is made Wet-bulb temperature rises to 31 DEG C by 27 DEG C, stablizes the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bakes to base frame tobacco leaf flavescence 1/3;In the later stage that turns yellow with 1 DEG C/programming rate of 1.5h, and dry-bulb temperature is risen to 39 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 34.5 DEG C, stablizes the dry, wet-bulb temperature Bake and turn yellow to base frame tobacco leaf completely.
The fixation stage:At the fixation initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 46 DEG C by 39 DEG C, is made wet Ball temperature rises to 36 DEG C by 34.5 DEG C, stablizes the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bakes and turn yellow to roof platform tobacco leaf completely;In the fixation later stage with 1 DEG C/programming rate of 1.5h, and dry-bulb temperature is risen to 55 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 37 DEG C, stablizes the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bakes Offshoot and mesophyll to full barn tobacco leaf is dried.
The dry muscle stage:With the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 65 DEG C by 55 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature is made by 37 DEG C 39 DEG C are risen to, stablized the dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes and dry to the master pulse of full barn tobacco leaf.
The method is suitable for baking K326 kinds as a variety of causes is planted late or height above sea level, temperature are low, the tobacco growth phase is long, Internal metabolism, synthesis, decomposition etc. all become slow tobacco leaf.Cold Dew aggrieved tobacco leaf is toasted using the method, cigarette after baking Leaf quality is significantly improved, and better-than-average tobacco leaf amount lifts 9%, and the cigarette such as low order ratio reduces, tobacco grower's revenue growth.
Embodiment 3
The baking of 97 kind Cold Dew of cloud and mist aggrieved tobacco leaf
(1)Tobacco leaf picking:Harvesting cigarette muscle bleaches, and fine hair major part comes off in flaxen tobacco leaf.
(2)Tobacco leaf shove charge:Smoke filling density in barn is 45kg/m3, the built-in cigarette of barn to the 98% of volume, suitably close dress.
(3)Tobacco flue-curing:Turn yellow, put down the baking process that temperature is dried using low temperature and lower limit low humidity, specifically include preheating rank Section, yellowing stage, fixation stage and dry muscle stage.
Warm-up phase:With the programming rate of 1 DEG C/2h after on fire, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 29 DEG C by natural temperature, made wet Ball temperature is maintained at 27 DEG C, bakes and starts to soften to base frame tobacco leaf, the micro- Huang of blade tip.
Yellowing stage:At the initial stage of flavescence with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 34 DEG C by 29 DEG C, is made Wet-bulb temperature rises to 31 DEG C by 27 DEG C, stablizes the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bakes to base frame tobacco leaf flavescence 1/3;In the later stage that turns yellow with 1 DEG C/programming rate of 1.5h, and dry-bulb temperature is risen to 39 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 34.5 DEG C, stablizes the dry, wet-bulb temperature Bake and turn yellow to base frame tobacco leaf completely.
The fixation stage:At the fixation initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 46 DEG C by 39 DEG C, is made Wet-bulb temperature rises to 36 DEG C by 34.5 DEG C, stablizes the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bakes and turn yellow to roof platform tobacco leaf completely;The fixation later stage with Dry-bulb temperature is risen to 55 DEG C by the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h, and wet-bulb temperature rises to 38 DEG C, stablizes the dry, wet-bulb temperature Bake and dry to the offshoot and mesophyll of full barn tobacco leaf.
The dry muscle stage:With the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 65 DEG C by 55 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature is made by 38 DEG C 40 DEG C are risen to, stablized the dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes and dry to the master pulse of full barn tobacco leaf.
The method is suitable for baking 97 kind of cloud and mist as a variety of causes is planted late or height above sea level, temperature are low, the tobacco growth phase Long, internal metabolism, synthesis, decomposition etc. all become slow tobacco leaf.Cold Dew aggrieved tobacco leaf is toasted using the method, after baking Quality of tobacco is significantly improved, and better-than-average tobacco leaf amount lifts 11%, and the cigarette such as low order ratio reduces, tobacco grower's revenue growth.

Claims (10)

1. a kind of method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco, including harvesting, shove charge and roasting procedure, it is characterised in that:
A, harvesting:The standard of harvesting tobacco leaf bleaches for cigarette muscle, and it is faint yellow that tobacco leaf presentation fine hair major part comes off;
B, shove charge:Smoke filling density in barn is 42 ~ 45kg/m3, the built-in cigarette of barn to the 95% of as little as volume;
C, baking:Turn yellow, put down the baking process that temperature is dried using low temperature and lower limit low humidity, specifically include warm-up phase, flavescence rank Section, fixation stage and dry muscle stage;
The warm-up phase is referred to:With the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h after on fire, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 29 by natural temperature DEG C, make wet-bulb temperature be maintained at 26 ~ 27 DEG C, bake and start to soften to base frame tobacco leaf, the micro- Huang of blade tip;
The yellowing stage is referred to:At the initial stage of flavescence with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 34 by 29 DEG C ~ , make wet-bulb temperature 31 ~ 32 DEG C be risen to by 26 ~ 27 DEG C, stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bake to base frame tobacco leaf flavescence 1/3 by 35 DEG C;? The later stage turn yellow with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature risen to 38 ~ 39 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 34 ~ 34.5 DEG C, Stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature to bake and turn yellow to base frame tobacco leaf completely;
The fixation stage refers to:At the fixation initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to by 38 ~ 39 DEG C 45 ~ 46 DEG C, make wet-bulb temperature rise to 35 ~ 36 DEG C by 34 ~ 34.5 DEG C, stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature bake complete to roof platform tobacco leaf Turn yellow;In the fixation later stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature being risen to 54 ~ 55 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 37 ~ 38 DEG C, stablize the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bake to the offshoot and mesophyll drying of full barn tobacco leaf;
The dry muscle stage refers to:With the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 65 DEG C by 54 ~ 55 DEG C, made wet Ball temperature rises to 39 ~ 40 DEG C by 37 ~ 38 DEG C, stablizes the dry, wet-bulb temperature and bakes to the master pulse drying of full barn tobacco leaf.
2. the method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the preheating rank The natural temperature of section refers to 12 ~ 22 DEG C.
3. the method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the preheating rank The programming rate of section is 1 DEG C/1.5 ~ 2h.
4. the method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the flavescence rank Programming rate of the section at the initial stage of flavescence is 1 DEG C/1.5 ~ 2h.
5. the method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the flavescence rank Programming rate of the section in the later stage that turns yellow is 1 DEG C/1 ~ 1.5h.
6. the method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fixation rank Programming rate of the section at the fixation initial stage is 1 DEG C/1 ~ 1.5h.
7. the method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the fixation rank Programming rate of the section in the fixation later stage is 1 DEG C/1 ~ 1.5h.
8. the method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco according to claim 1, it is characterised in that the dry muscle rank The programming rate of section is 1 DEG C/1h.
9. the method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco according to any one of claim 1 ~ 8, it is characterised in that institute State Cold Dew aggrieved tobacco leaf to refer to:As a variety of causes is planted late or height above sea level, temperature is low, tobacco growth phase length cigarette district, tobacco leaf Picking and roasting to could terminate to the Autumnal Equinox to the Frost's Descent climate and other natural phenomena of a season, metabolism, synthesis in tobacco leaf body, decompose and all become slow, Blade thickness, fresh dry cigarette scale smaller to 4.98 ~ 4.11:1, water content is reduced to 79.33% ~ 75.68%, and leaf texture is coarse, moves back Color falls yellow slow.
10. the method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco according to claim 9, it is characterised in that the tobacco leaf is Any one in cloud and mist 87, K326 or cloud and mist 97.
CN201510739288.9A 2015-11-04 2015-11-04 A kind of method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco CN105341986B (en)

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CN107467705B (en) * 2017-08-25 2019-05-10 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 A kind of baking method can be improved flue-cured tobacco K326 judging parameter
CN108669621A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-10-19 云南省烟草公司普洱市公司 A kind of tobacco flue-curing method reducing the black poor cigarette incidence of warm wet cigarette district
CN108720073A (en) * 2018-09-10 2018-11-02 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 A kind of flue-cured tobacco management and baking method damaging to plants caused by sudden drop in temperature cigarette using alleviation based on glycine betaine
CN109156863A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-01-08 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 A kind of flue-cured tobacco dense drying method to turn yellow when three-stage control

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