CN105341986A - Method for improving curing quality of tobacco leaves affected by Cold Dew - Google Patents

Method for improving curing quality of tobacco leaves affected by Cold Dew Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105341986A
CN105341986A CN201510739288.9A CN201510739288A CN105341986A CN 105341986 A CN105341986 A CN 105341986A CN 201510739288 A CN201510739288 A CN 201510739288A CN 105341986 A CN105341986 A CN 105341986A
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tobacco
dry
stage
bulb temperature
wet
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CN201510739288.9A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105341986B (en
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黄维
崔国民
赵高坤
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云南省烟草农业科学研究院
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    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A24TOBACCO; CIGARS; CIGARETTES; SIMULATED SMOKING DEVICES; SMOKERS' REQUISITES
    • A24BMANUFACTURE OR PREPARATION OF TOBACCO FOR SMOKING OR CHEWING; TOBACCO; SNUFF
    • A24B3/00Preparing tobacco in the factory
    • A24B3/10Roasting or cooling tobacco

Abstract

The invention discloses a method for improving the curing quality of tobacco leaves affected by Cold Dew. In the method, tobacco leaves with whitened tobacco stems and most setae falling off as well as faint yellow color are adopted, the tobacco loading density inside a curing barn is 42-45 kg/m<3>, and the tobacco loading volume at least occupies 95% of the total volume of the curing barn; the curing process with low temperature and limited low-humidity yellowing as well as the room-temperature drying is adopted, and specifically comprises a preheating stage, a yellowing stage, a color setting stage and a stem drying stage, and curing is carried out till the main veins of the tobacco leaves in the whole curing barn become dry, wherein the temperature rising speed in each curing stage is controlled to be 1 DEG C/1-2 h. The method is particularly suitable for the tobacco leaves planted in a delayed manner due to various reasons, and the tobacco leaves growing in tobacco areas with high altitude, low temperature and long growth period of flue-cured tobaccos, wherein the harvesting and curing of the tobacco leaves are finished during the Autumnal Equinox and the Frost's Descent, the material metabolism, synthesis and degrading of the substances inside the tobacco leaves become slow, the leaves become thick, the tissues are coarse, and the fading and yellowing are slow. The method is simple and easy to operate, the curing quality of the tobacco leaves affected by cold dews can be improved, the loss is reduced, and the income of the tobacco growers is increased.

Description

A kind of method improving baking quality of tobacco of being injured Cold Dew
Technical field
The invention belongs to tobacco flue-curing technical field, be specifically related to a kind of method improving baking quality of tobacco of being injured Cold Dew.
Background technology
Tobacco flue-curing is the key determining quality of tobacco.The baking of science can modulate the tobacco leaf of high-quality, meets cigarette composition demand.Field tobacco leaf is because of weather, edphic factor, and cultivation technique implements the reasons such as not in place, and some can be caused to be difficult to baking, inferior fresh cigarette, affects tobacco grower's income.
The tobacco leaf Xi Yan district that is injured Cold Dew plants late due to a variety of causes or height above sea level, temperature is on the low side, tobacco growth Qi Changyan district, and the picking and roasting of tobacco leaf could will terminate to the climate and other natural phenomena of a season in the Autumnal Equinox to the Frost's Descent.Because temperature reduces after autumn, air humidity reduces, and makes the metabolism in tobacco leaf body, synthesis, decomposition etc. all become slow.The phenomenons such as thus occur blade thickness, fresh dry cigarette scale smaller is to 4.98 ~ 4.11:1, and water content reduces to 79.33% ~ 75.68%, and leaf texture is coarse, and the Huang that fades is slow.Therefore need a kind of baking method for tobacco leaf of being injured Cold Dew of exploitation to improve its baking quality, reduce the loss, increase tobacco grower's income.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of method improving baking quality of tobacco of being injured Cold Dew.
The object of the present invention is achieved like this: described raising to be injured Cold Dew the method for baking quality of tobacco comprise gather, shove charge and roasting procedure, specifically comprise:
A, to gather: the standard of tobacco leaf of gathering is that cigarette muscle bleaches, it is faint yellow that tobacco leaf presents that fine hair major part comes off;
B, shove charge: the smoke filling density in barn is 42 ~ 45kg/m 3, the in-built cigarette of barn is at least to 95% of volume;
C, baking: adopt the baking process that low temperature and lower limit low humidity turn yellow, flat temperature is dry, specifically comprise warm-up phase, yellowing stage, fixation stage and dry muscle stage;
Described warm-up phase refers to: with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h after on fire, and dry-bulb temperature is risen to 29 DEG C by natural temperature, makes wet-bulb temperature remain on 26 ~ 27 DEG C, bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and starts deliquescing, the micro-Huang of blade tip;
Described yellowing stage refers to: at the flavescence initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 34 ~ 35 DEG C by 29 DEG C, makes wet-bulb temperature rise to 31 ~ 32 DEG C by 26 ~ 27 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and turn yellow 1/3; In the flavescence later stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 38 ~ 39 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 34 ~ 34.5 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and turn yellow completely;
The described fixation stage refers to: at the fixation initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 45 ~ 46 DEG C by 38 ~ 39 DEG C, makes wet-bulb temperature rise to 35 ~ 36 DEG C by 34 ~ 34.5 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to roof platform tobacco leaf and turn yellow completely; In the fixation later stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 54 ~ 55 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 37 ~ 38 DEG C, stablize that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bake to the offshoot of full barn tobacco leaf and mesophyll dry;
The described dry muscle stage refers to: with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 65 DEG C by 54 ~ 55 DEG C, makes wet-bulb temperature rise to 39 ~ 40 DEG C by 37 ~ 38 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature is baked to the master pulse drying of full barn tobacco leaf.
Baking method of the present invention be particularly suitable for due to a variety of causes plant or be grown on height above sea level late, temperature is on the low side, the tobacco leaf in tobacco growth Qi Changyan district, its picking and roasting just will terminate to the climate and other natural phenomena of a season in the Autumnal Equinox to the Frost's Descent, metabolism in tobacco leaf body, synthesis, decomposition all become slow, blade thickness, organize coarse, fade yellow slow.For the These characteristics of tobacco leaf of being injured Cold Dew, consider that tobacco leaf grows under cryogenic after autumn, the method of the invention sets any a temperature slightly higher than field temperature in roasting procedure, make tobacco leaf preheating deliquescing a little, and then rise to adaptability transition stage---the warm-up phase of higher temperature baking.At tobacco leaf after preheating, the activity of enzyme strengthens to some extent, and tobacco leaf cells has had the stretch capability adapting to higher temperature, the method of the invention adopts flame enrichment intensification by stages to impel tobacco leaf to turn yellow, select slower programming rate, the slightly long flavescence time, note moisturizing simultaneously.When the dry-bulb temperature of each temperature period of yellowing stage rises to predetermined number of degrees with respect, accurate restriction has been carried out to wet-bulb temperature, solve the improper temperature caused of wet-bulb temperature control in traditional baking method on the low side, humidity is little, and tobacco leaf easily goes out blue or green point or is roasted into bluish yellow cigarette, or temperature drift, high humidity, not only tobacco leaf flavescence is slow, even produces " grain point " and blackening, bakes the technical barrier of blue or green withered cigarette.At yellowing stage, when base frame tobacco leaf turns yellow, the method for the invention takes and turns fire intensification in time, and the process of hydrofuge fixation, dries offshoot and mesophyll.In the fixation stage, the method for the invention has paid special attention to the control of programming rate and the stability of intensification, avoids temperature or suddenly heats up, and consistent wet bulb temperature after tobacco leaf turns yellow, accelerates hydrofuge, prevents humidity excessive, there is dust, brown leaf, affect fixation effect.In the dry muscle stage, for tobacco tissue is coarse after autumn, resistance to roasting property is poor, the feature of non-refractory and low humidity, and the method for the invention steadily dries master pulse under selecting lower in temperature and that humidity is slightly high condition, avoids producing withered brown blade, reduces quality of tobacco.Described baking method technique is simple, easily operates, can improve the baking quality of tobacco leaf of being injured Cold Dew, reduce the loss, and increases tobacco grower's income, has application value.
Detailed description of the invention
The present invention is further illustrated below, but limited the present invention never in any form, and any conversion done based on training centre of the present invention or replacement, all belong to protection scope of the present invention.
Raising of the present invention to be injured Cold Dew the method for baking quality of tobacco comprise gather, shove charge and roasting procedure, specifically comprise:
Described operation of gathering refers to: the standard of tobacco leaf of gathering is that cigarette muscle bleaches, and it is faint yellow that tobacco leaf presents that fine hair major part comes off.
Described shove charge operation refers to: the smoke filling density in barn is 42 ~ 45kg/m 3, the in-built cigarette of barn is at least to 95% of volume.
Described roasting procedure refers to: adopt the baking process that low temperature and lower limit low humidity turn yellow, flat temperature is dry, specifically comprise warm-up phase, yellowing stage, fixation stage and dry muscle stage.
Described warm-up phase refers to: with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h after on fire, and dry-bulb temperature is risen to 29 DEG C by natural temperature, makes wet-bulb temperature remain on 26 ~ 27 DEG C, bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and starts deliquescing, the micro-Huang of blade tip.
Described yellowing stage refers to: at the flavescence initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 34 ~ 35 DEG C by 29 DEG C, makes wet-bulb temperature rise to 31 ~ 32 DEG C by 26 ~ 27 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and turn yellow 1/3; In the flavescence later stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 38 ~ 39 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 34 ~ 34.5 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and turn yellow completely.
The described fixation stage refers to: at the fixation initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 45 ~ 46 DEG C by 38 ~ 39 DEG C, makes wet-bulb temperature rise to 35 ~ 36 DEG C by 34 ~ 34.5 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to roof platform tobacco leaf and turn yellow completely; In the fixation later stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 54 ~ 55 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 37 ~ 38 DEG C, stablize that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bake to the offshoot of full barn tobacco leaf and mesophyll dry.
The described dry muscle stage refers to: with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 65 DEG C by 54 ~ 55 DEG C, makes wet-bulb temperature rise to 39 ~ 40 DEG C by 37 ~ 38 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature is baked to the master pulse drying of full barn tobacco leaf.
The natural temperature of described warm-up phase refers to 12 ~ 22 DEG C.
The programming rate of described warm-up phase is 1 DEG C/1.5 ~ 2h.
Described yellowing stage is 1 DEG C/1.5 ~ 2h at the programming rate at the initial stage of flavescence.
Described yellowing stage is 1 DEG C/1 ~ 1.5h at the programming rate in the later stage that turns yellow.
The described fixation stage is 1 DEG C/1 ~ 1.5h at the programming rate at fixation initial stage.
The described fixation stage is 1 DEG C/1 ~ 1.5h at the programming rate in fixation later stage.
The programming rate in described dry muscle stage is 1 DEG C/1h.
Tobacco leaf of being injured described Cold Dew refers to: plant late due to a variety of causes or height above sea level, temperature is on the low side, tobacco growth Qi Changyan district, the picking and roasting of tobacco leaf could will terminate to the climate and other natural phenomena of a season in the Autumnal Equinox to the Frost's Descent, metabolism in tobacco leaf body, synthesis, decomposition all become slow, blade thickness, fresh dry cigarette scale smaller is to 4.98 ~ 4.11:1, water content reduces to 79.33% ~ 75.68%, and leaf texture is coarse, fades yellow slow.
Described tobacco leaf is any one in cloud and mist 87, K326 or cloud and mist 97.
embodiment 1
---cloud and mist 87 kind to be injured the baking of tobacco leaf Cold Dew
(1) tobacco leaf picking: cigarette muscle of gathering bleaches, and fine hair major part comes off in flaxen tobacco leaf.
(2) tobacco leaf shove charge: the smoke filling density in barn is 42kg/m 3, the in-built cigarette of barn to 95% of volume, suitable closely packed.
(3) tobacco flue-curing: adopt the baking process that low temperature and lower limit low humidity turn yellow, flat temperature is dry, specifically comprise warm-up phase, yellowing stage, fixation stage and dry muscle stage.
Warm-up phase: with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h after on fire, rises to 29 DEG C by dry-bulb temperature by natural temperature, makes wet-bulb temperature remain on 26 DEG C, bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and starts deliquescing, the micro-Huang of blade tip.
Yellowing stage: at the flavescence initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 34 DEG C by 29 DEG C, makes wet-bulb temperature rise to 31 DEG C by 26 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and turn yellow 1/3; In the flavescence later stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 39 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 34 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and turn yellow completely.
In the fixation stage: at the fixation initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 45 DEG C by 39 DEG C, make wet-bulb temperature rise to 35 DEG C by 34 DEG C, stablize that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to roof platform tobacco leaf and turn yellow completely; In the fixation later stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 55 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 37 DEG C, stablize that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bake to the offshoot of full barn tobacco leaf and mesophyll dry.
In the dry muscle stage: with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 65 DEG C by 55 DEG C, make wet-bulb temperature rise to 39 DEG C by 37 DEG C, stablize that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature is baked to the master pulse drying of full barn tobacco leaf.
The method is applicable to baking cloud and mist 87 kind and plants late due to a variety of causes or height above sea level, temperature is on the low side, the tobacco growth phase is long, temperature reduces after autumn, air humidity reduces, the metabolism in tobacco leaf body, synthesis, decomposition etc. is made all to become tobacco leaf slowly, use the method to toast tobacco leaf of being injured Cold Dew, cured tobacco leaf quality significantly improves, and better-than-average tobacco leaf amount promotes 11%, low inferior cigarette ratio reduces, tobacco grower's revenue growth.
embodiment 2
---K326 kind to be injured the baking of tobacco leaf Cold Dew
(1) tobacco leaf picking: cigarette muscle of gathering bleaches, and fine hair major part comes off in flaxen tobacco leaf.
(2) tobacco leaf shove charge: the smoke filling density in barn is 43kg/m 3, the in-built cigarette of barn to 97% of volume, suitable closely packed.
(3) tobacco flue-curing: adopt the baking process that low temperature and lower limit low humidity turn yellow, flat temperature is dry, specifically comprise warm-up phase, yellowing stage, fixation stage and dry muscle stage.
Warm-up phase: with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h after on fire, rises to 29 DEG C by dry-bulb temperature by natural temperature, makes wet-bulb temperature remain on 27 DEG C, bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and starts deliquescing, the micro-Huang of blade tip.
Yellowing stage: at the flavescence initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 34 DEG C by 29 DEG C, makes wet-bulb temperature rise to 31 DEG C by 27 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and turn yellow 1/3; In the flavescence later stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 39 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 34.5 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and turn yellow completely.
In the fixation stage: at the fixation initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 46 DEG C by 39 DEG C, make wet-bulb temperature rise to 36 DEG C by 34.5 DEG C, stablize that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to roof platform tobacco leaf and turn yellow completely; In the fixation later stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 55 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 37 DEG C, stablize that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bake to the offshoot of full barn tobacco leaf and mesophyll dry.
In the dry muscle stage: with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 65 DEG C by 55 DEG C, make wet-bulb temperature rise to 39 DEG C by 37 DEG C, stablize that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature is baked to the master pulse drying of full barn tobacco leaf.
The method is applicable to baking K326 kind and plants late due to a variety of causes or height above sea level, temperature is on the low side, the tobacco growth phase is long, and the metabolism in body, synthesis, decomposition etc. all become tobacco leaf slowly.Use the method to toast tobacco leaf of being injured Cold Dew, cured tobacco leaf quality significantly improves, and better-than-average tobacco leaf amount promotes 9%, and low inferior cigarette ratio reduces, tobacco grower's revenue growth.
embodiment 3
---cloud and mist 97 kind to be injured the baking of tobacco leaf Cold Dew
(1) tobacco leaf picking: cigarette muscle of gathering bleaches, and fine hair major part comes off in flaxen tobacco leaf.
(2) tobacco leaf shove charge: the smoke filling density in barn is 45kg/m 3, the in-built cigarette of barn to 98% of volume, suitable closely packed.
(3) tobacco flue-curing: adopt the baking process that low temperature and lower limit low humidity turn yellow, flat temperature is dry, specifically comprise warm-up phase, yellowing stage, fixation stage and dry muscle stage.
Warm-up phase: with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/2h after on fire, rises to 29 DEG C by dry-bulb temperature by natural temperature, makes wet-bulb temperature remain on 27 DEG C, bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and starts deliquescing, the micro-Huang of blade tip.
Yellowing stage: at the flavescence initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 34 DEG C by 29 DEG C, makes wet-bulb temperature rise to 31 DEG C by 27 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and turn yellow 1/3; In the flavescence later stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 39 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 34.5 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and turn yellow completely.
In the fixation stage: at the fixation initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 46 DEG C by 39 DEG C, make wet-bulb temperature rise to 36 DEG C by 34.5 DEG C, stablize that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to roof platform tobacco leaf and turn yellow completely; In the fixation later stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1.5h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 55 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 38 DEG C, stablize that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bake to the offshoot of full barn tobacco leaf and mesophyll dry.
In the dry muscle stage: with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 65 DEG C by 55 DEG C, make wet-bulb temperature rise to 40 DEG C by 38 DEG C, stablize that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature is baked to the master pulse drying of full barn tobacco leaf.
The method is applicable to baking cloud and mist 97 kind and plants late due to a variety of causes or height above sea level, temperature is on the low side, the tobacco growth phase is long, and the metabolism in body, synthesis, decomposition etc. all become tobacco leaf slowly.Use the method to toast tobacco leaf of being injured Cold Dew, cured tobacco leaf quality significantly improves, and better-than-average tobacco leaf amount promotes 11%, and low inferior cigarette ratio reduces, tobacco grower's revenue growth.

Claims (10)

1. improve a method for baking quality of tobacco of being injured Cold Dew, it is characterized in that comprising gather, shove charge and roasting procedure, specifically comprise:
A, to gather: the standard of tobacco leaf of gathering is that cigarette muscle bleaches, it is faint yellow that tobacco leaf presents that fine hair major part comes off;
B, shove charge: the smoke filling density in barn is 42 ~ 45kg/m 3, the in-built cigarette of barn is at least to 95% of volume;
C, baking: adopt the baking process that low temperature and lower limit low humidity turn yellow, flat temperature is dry, specifically comprise warm-up phase, yellowing stage, fixation stage and dry muscle stage;
Described warm-up phase refers to: with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h after on fire, and dry-bulb temperature is risen to 29 DEG C by natural temperature, makes wet-bulb temperature remain on 26 ~ 27 DEG C, bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and starts deliquescing, the micro-Huang of blade tip;
Described yellowing stage refers to: at the flavescence initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 34 ~ 35 DEG C by 29 DEG C, makes wet-bulb temperature rise to 31 ~ 32 DEG C by 26 ~ 27 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and turn yellow 1/3; In the flavescence later stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 38 ~ 39 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 34 ~ 34.5 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to base frame tobacco leaf and turn yellow completely;
The described fixation stage refers to: at the fixation initial stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 45 ~ 46 DEG C by 38 ~ 39 DEG C, makes wet-bulb temperature rise to 35 ~ 36 DEG C by 34 ~ 34.5 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bakes to roof platform tobacco leaf and turn yellow completely; In the fixation later stage with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 54 ~ 55 DEG C, wet-bulb temperature rises to 37 ~ 38 DEG C, stablize that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature bake to the offshoot of full barn tobacco leaf and mesophyll dry;
The described dry muscle stage refers to: with the programming rate of 1 DEG C/1 ~ 2h, dry-bulb temperature is risen to 65 DEG C by 54 ~ 55 DEG C, makes wet-bulb temperature rise to 39 ~ 40 DEG C by 37 ~ 38 DEG C, stablizes that this is dry, wet-bulb temperature is baked to the master pulse drying of full barn tobacco leaf.
2. the method improving baking quality of tobacco of being injured Cold Dew according to claim 1, is characterized in that the natural temperature of described warm-up phase refers to 12 ~ 22 DEG C.
3. the method improving baking quality of tobacco of being injured Cold Dew according to claim 1, is characterized in that the programming rate of described warm-up phase is 1 DEG C/1.5 ~ 2h.
4. the method improving baking quality of tobacco of being injured Cold Dew according to claim 1, is characterized in that described yellowing stage is 1 DEG C/1.5 ~ 2h at the programming rate at the initial stage of flavescence.
5. the method improving baking quality of tobacco of being injured Cold Dew according to claim 1, is characterized in that described yellowing stage is 1 DEG C/1 ~ 1.5h at the programming rate in the later stage that turns yellow.
6. the method improving baking quality of tobacco of being injured Cold Dew according to claim 1, is characterized in that the described fixation stage is 1 DEG C/1 ~ 1.5h at the programming rate at fixation initial stage.
7. the method improving baking quality of tobacco of being injured Cold Dew according to claim 1, is characterized in that the described fixation stage is 1 DEG C/1 ~ 1.5h at the programming rate in fixation later stage.
8. the method improving baking quality of tobacco of being injured Cold Dew according to claim 1, is characterized in that the programming rate in described dry muscle stage is 1 DEG C/1h.
9. the raising according to any one of claim 1 ~ 8 to be injured the method for baking quality of tobacco Cold Dew, the tobacco leaf that it is characterized in that being injured described Cold Dew refers to: plant late due to a variety of causes or height above sea level, temperature is on the low side, tobacco growth Qi Changyan district, the picking and roasting of tobacco leaf could will terminate to the climate and other natural phenomena of a season in the Autumnal Equinox to the Frost's Descent, metabolism in tobacco leaf body, synthesis, decomposition all become slow, blade thickness, fresh dry cigarette scale smaller is to 4.98 ~ 4.11:1, water content reduces to 79.33% ~ 75.68%, leaf texture is coarse, fades yellow slow.
10. raising according to claim 9 to be injured the method for baking quality of tobacco Cold Dew, it is characterized in that described tobacco leaf is any one in cloud and mist 87, K326 or cloud and mist 97.
CN201510739288.9A 2015-11-04 2015-11-04 A kind of method for improving Cold Dew aggrieved baking quality of tobacco CN105341986B (en)

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106723272A (en) * 2016-12-22 2017-05-31 安徽省农业科学院烟草研究所 A kind of baking process of disease tobacco leaf
CN107467705A (en) * 2017-08-25 2017-12-15 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 A kind of baking method that can improve flue-cured tobacco K326 judging parameter
CN108669621A (en) * 2018-08-09 2018-10-19 云南省烟草公司普洱市公司 A kind of tobacco flue-curing method reducing the black poor cigarette incidence of warm wet cigarette district
CN108720073A (en) * 2018-09-10 2018-11-02 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 A kind of flue-cured tobacco management and baking method damaging to plants caused by sudden drop in temperature cigarette using alleviation based on glycine betaine
CN109156863A (en) * 2018-11-14 2019-01-08 云南省烟草农业科学研究院 A kind of flue-cured tobacco dense drying method to turn yellow when three-stage control

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