CN105325331A - Cold water fish closed cycle culturing temperature regulating device and method - Google Patents

Cold water fish closed cycle culturing temperature regulating device and method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105325331A
CN105325331A CN201510689831.9A CN201510689831A CN105325331A CN 105325331 A CN105325331 A CN 105325331A CN 201510689831 A CN201510689831 A CN 201510689831A CN 105325331 A CN105325331 A CN 105325331A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
water
temperature
cold water
closed circulation
temperature control
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Pending
Application number
CN201510689831.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
刘晓东
朱建新
曹广斌
陈成勋
孙学亮
宋绍奎
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Tianjin Fengpei Aquaculture Co Ltd
Original Assignee
Tianjin Fengpei Aquaculture Co Ltd
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Tianjin Fengpei Aquaculture Co Ltd filed Critical Tianjin Fengpei Aquaculture Co Ltd
Priority to CN201510689831.9A priority Critical patent/CN105325331A/en
Publication of CN105325331A publication Critical patent/CN105325331A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K61/00Culture of aquatic animals
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/04Arrangements for treating water specially adapted to receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/042Introducing gases into the water, e.g. aerators, air pumps
    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01KANIMAL HUSBANDRY; CARE OF BIRDS, FISHES, INSECTS; FISHING; REARING OR BREEDING ANIMALS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; NEW BREEDS OF ANIMALS
    • A01K63/00Receptacles for live fish, e.g. aquaria; Terraria
    • A01K63/06Arrangements for heating or lighting in, or attached to, receptacles for live fish
    • A01K63/065Heating or cooling devices
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/80Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in fisheries management
    • Y02A40/81Aquaculture, e.g. of fish

Abstract

The invention discloses a cold water fish closed cycle culturing temperature regulating method. The temperature regulating method comprises one or several of the following steps: arranging a heat insulation and sun blocking facility outside a culturing workshop to carry out heat preservation on the culturing workshop; regulating the temperature of cultural water through air supplying and oxygenation processes; pumping groundwater to feed the cultural water to regulate the temperature; controlling the temperature of the cultural water by using refrigeration equipment. According to the temperature regulating method and a device thereof, provided by the invention, the methods of artificial refrigeration, constant-temperature groundwater feed, heat insulation on the culturing workshop, temperature regulation through an air entrainment facility and the like are used for controlling the culturing water temperature, so as to keep the temperature of the cultural water within a range of 16 to 18 DEG C. Practice shows that the temperature regulating methods such as in a high temperature season, the refrigeration equipment is selected to start for accumulation of cold at a low electricity price period, in a transition season, water feeding is utilized for regulating the temperature, and in a low temperature season, the water is heated while air entrainment and oxygenation are performed are economical and effective.

Description

Cold water fish closed circulation cultivation temperature regulating device and method
Technical field
The present invention relates to flat area, a kind of warm temperate zone cold water fish closed circulation cultivation temperature regulating device and method.
Background technology
Current warm temperate zone year-round average temperature between 13 ~ 20 DEG C, roughly between north latitude 32 ° ~ 43 °.In China, Beijing, Tianjin two city and Shandong Province whole, the most area that Shanxi, Liaoning, Hebei, Henan and Shaanxi etc. are economized, and Anhui, Jiangsu, Gansu and Ningxia part area belong to warm temperate zone.
Cold water fish is divided into trout class, salmon class and dog salmon class by taxonomy.Suitable growth is good in water quality, and the water yield is sufficient, and the waters that water temperature is low, water temperature is advisable with 10 ~ 18 DEG C.Water temperature over-high can cause cold water fish metabolic disorder, poor growth, even dead.In area, China warm temperate zone, the Lake Water having cold water to contain or the mountain stream water in mountain area is mainly utilized to propagate artificially.In the flat area not having these resources, provide the temperature control method of flat area, a kind of suitable warm temperate zone cold water fish closed circulation cultivation, seem particular importance.
Summary of the invention
(1) technical problem that will solve
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is how in the water temperature of flat area, warm temperate zone regulable control cold water fish closed circulation cultivation water body, makes its suitable cold water fish growth.
(2) technical scheme
For solving the problems of the technologies described above, provide a kind of cold water fish closed circulation cultivation temperature control method, the step during described temperature control method comprises the steps or a few step:
Step one: heat insulation sun equipment is set outside cultivating workshop cultivating workshop is incubated;
Step 2: temperature adjustment is carried out to breeding water body by air feed oxygenation process;
Step 3: groundwater abstraction supply breeding water body carries out temperature adjustment;
Step 4: utilize refrigeration plant to carry out temperature control to breeding water body.
Preferably, described step one comprises: on cultivating workshop roof and peripheral structure, arrange sealed polyethylene plastic, thermal insulation quilt, blanket of glass wool and color steel veneer from the inside to the outside.
Preferably, also comprise isothermal holding is done to the breeding pool in cultivating workshop.
Preferably, described step 2 is: utilize roots blower to the oxygenation of breeding water body air feed, and blower fan machine room adopts heat insulation and heat control measure, the air inlet of blower fan described in low temperature season is opened in the green house on machine room side, in the process of air feed oxygenation, heat breeding water body.
Preferably, described step 2 is: utilize roots blower to the oxygenation of breeding water body air feed, and blower fan machine room adopts heat insulation and heat control measure to avoid high temperature season to heat breeding water body in the process of air feed oxygenation.
Preferably, described step 3 is: arrange deep well and each a bite of shallow well in cultivation base.
Preferably, described step 4 is: arrange tank at the delivery port of cultivating workshop biology bag, be immersed in tank by evaporator.
A kind of cold water fish closed circulation cultivation temperature regulating device, comprises the one or some in following equipment:
Heat insulation sun facility, is arranged at outside cultivating workshop building enclosure and outside culturing pool;
Air feed oxygen increasing equipment, be arranged at and be equipped with in the Ventilator Room of lagging facility, air inlet is placed in green house by low temperature season;
Recharge of ground water equipment, deep well is wherein communicated with breeding water body by pipeline with shallow well;
Refrigeration plant, evaporator is wherein arranged at the biological bag water outlet of cultivating workshop, and its temperature probe is placed in biological bag water return outlet.
Preferably, described heat insulation sun equipment is by interior sealed polyethylene plastic, thermal insulation quilt, blanket of glass wool and color steel veneer to being arranged on outward on cultivating workshop roof and peripheral structure.
Preferably, the thickness of described thermal insulation quilt is 30mm, and the thickness of described blanket of glass wool is 100mm.
The invention discloses temperature control method and the device thereof of flat area, a kind of applicable warm temperate zone closed circulation cultivation cold water fish, utilize artificial cooling, the constant temperature recharge of ground water, cultivating workshop is heat insulation, the methods such as gas transmission facility temperature adjustment, control temperature of cultivation, breeding water body temperature is maintained within the scope of 16 ~ 18 DEG C.Facts have proved, high temperature season selects refrigeration plant at low rate period start cold-storage, and transition season utilizes moisturizing temperature adjustment, and low temperature season heats the temperature control methods such as water body not only economy but also effective while gas transmission oxygenation.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the embodiment of invention is described in further detail.Following examples for illustration of the present invention, but are not used for limiting the scope of the invention.
The invention provides the closed circulation cultivation temperature control method of a kind of cold water fish in flat area, warm temperate zone, that the multinomial measures such as refrigeration, heat insulation sun, moisturizing temperature adjustment, air feed oxygen-aeration temperature-adjusting are combined, to reach in annual breeding process, water temperature is controlled at 16 ~ 18 DEG C.
The evaporator of refrigeration plant is placed on biology and contracts out in the tank at the mouth of a river, and evaporator immerses fully heat exchange in water body, and tank volume is not less than biology and contains amass 10%.The temperature probe of refrigeration plant is placed in biological bag water return outlet.When return water temperature exceedes close to 18 DEG C, can emergency opening refrigeration plant.High temperature season, when outside air temperature is higher than 35 DEG C, can utilize the low rate period of 23:00 to 5:00 in morning next day on the same day to open refrigeration plant precooling breeding water body.
Workshop roof and peripheral structure heat insulation sun are arranged as follows, from the inside to the outside: sealed polyethylene plastic, 30mm thermal insulation quilt, 100mm blanket of glass wool, color steel veneer.Culturing pool isothermal holding is as follows, and pool wall sticks on polyurethane foam plastics 10mm.
Cultivation base possesses the well water that leaving water temperature is 16 DEG C and 20 DEG C, and high temperature season carries 16 DEG C of well water to regulate temperature of cultivation; Low temperature season carries 20 DEG C of well water to regulate temperature of cultivation.
High temperature season can heat water body to culturing pool gas transmission process, and it is heat insulation that blower fan machine room will lay 50mm foamed plastic, and cooling employing installs an air-conditioner device, and Air conditioner refrigerating capacity presses 200w/m 2select.Low temperature season roots blower should be opened in the green house on machine room limit air inlet, while air feed oxygenation, and heating breeding water body.
Embodiment 1
The temperature control method of high temperature season cold water fish closed circulation cultivation.Annual 6,7, August is high temperature season.Breeding water body 450m3, circulating water body 650m3, biological containing amasss 260m3.Temperature of cultivation 17 ~ 18 DEG C, pH value 6 ~ 8, in water body, ammonia nitrogen is less than 0.2mg/L, and nitrite is less than 0.05mg/L.
In every 2 hour record culturing pools, water temperature once.
When biological bag return water temperature is close to 18 DEG C, also can supplement well water by emergency opening refrigeration plant, every day, rate of water make-up was no more than 30% of the aquaculture water scale of construction.
When outside air temperature is higher than 35 DEG C, the low rate period of 23:00 to 5:00 in morning next day on the same day can be utilized to open refrigeration plant precooling breeding water body.
Whole day opens blower fan air conditioner in machine room, ensures that culturing pool feed air temperature is lower than 18 DEG C.
Embodiment 2
The temperature control method of transition season cold water fish closed circulation cultivation.Annual 3,4,5,9,10, November is transition season.Breeding water body 240m 3, circulating water body 500m 3, biological containing amasss 500m 3.Temperature of cultivation 17 ~ 18 DEG C, pH value 6 ~ 8, in water body, ammonia nitrogen is less than 0.2mg/L, and nitrite is less than 0.05mg/L.
In every 2 hour record culturing pools, water temperature once.
Supplement well water and regulate temperature of cultivation, every day, rate of water make-up was no more than 5% of the aquaculture water scale of construction.
When water temperature is lower than 15 DEG C, can close blower fan air conditioner in machine room, open machine room window and in the afternoon opening shutter, cultivating workshop accepted sunlight according to 5 hours.
The temperature of cultivating workshop should, higher than temperature of cultivation more than 2 DEG C, can be avoided generating water smoke.
Embodiment 3
The temperature control method of low temperature season cold water fish closed circulation cultivation.Annual December and 1 of next year, February is low temperature season.Breeding water body 240m 3, circulating water body 500m 3, biological containing amasss 500m 3.Temperature of cultivation 16 ~ 17 DEG C, pH value 6 ~ 8, in water body, ammonia nitrogen is less than 0.2mg/L, and nitrite is less than 0.05mg/L.
In every 2 hour record culturing pools, water temperature once.
Supplement well water and regulate temperature of cultivation, every day, rate of water make-up was no more than 10% of the aquaculture water scale of construction.
Afternoon unlatching shutter, cultivating workshop is exposed to sunlight more than 5 hours.
Culturing pool accepts, from the warm air in the other green house of blower fan machine room, to heat breeding water body while oxygenation.
The temperature of cultivating workshop should, higher than temperature of cultivation more than 2 DEG C, can be avoided generating water smoke.If do not met this condition, emergency method can be adopted to reduce temperature of cultivation.
Emergent cool-down method is: open refrigeration plant and moved to outdoor from green house by roots blower air inlet.
The invention discloses temperature control method and the device thereof of flat area, a kind of applicable warm temperate zone closed circulation cultivation cold water fish, utilize artificial cooling, the constant temperature recharge of ground water, cultivating workshop is heat insulation, the methods such as gas transmission facility temperature adjustment, control temperature of cultivation, breeding water body temperature is maintained within the scope of 16 ~ 18 DEG C.Facts have proved, high temperature season selects refrigeration plant at low rate period start cold-storage, and transition season utilizes moisturizing temperature adjustment, and low temperature season heats the temperature control methods such as water body not only economy but also effective while gas transmission oxygenation.
The above is only the preferred embodiment of the present invention; it should be pointed out that for those skilled in the art, under the prerequisite not departing from the technology of the present invention principle; can also make some improvement and modification, these improve and modification also should be considered as protection scope of the present invention.

Claims (10)

1. a cold water fish closed circulation cultivation temperature control method, is characterized in that, the step during described temperature control method comprises the steps or a few step:
Step one: heat insulation sun facility is set outside cultivating workshop cultivating workshop is incubated;
Step 2: temperature adjustment is carried out to breeding water body by air feed oxygenation process;
Step 3: groundwater abstraction supply breeding water body carries out temperature adjustment;
Step 4: utilize refrigeration plant to carry out temperature control to breeding water body.
2. cold water fish closed circulation cultivation temperature control method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described step one comprises: on cultivating workshop roof and peripheral structure, arrange sealed polyethylene plastic, thermal insulation quilt, blanket of glass wool and color steel veneer from the inside to the outside.
3. cold water fish closed circulation cultivation temperature control method according to claim 2, is characterized in that, also comprise and do isothermal holding to the breeding pool in cultivating workshop.
4. cold water fish closed circulation cultivation temperature control method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described step 2 is: utilize roots blower to the oxygenation of breeding water body air feed, and the air inlet of described blower fan is opened in the green house on machine room side, in the process of air feed oxygenation, heat breeding water body.
5. cold water fish closed circulation cultivation temperature control method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described step 2 is: utilize roots blower to the oxygenation of breeding water body air feed, and blower fan machine room adopt heat insulation and heat control measure in case air feed oxygenation process in heat breeding water body.
6. cold water fish closed circulation cultivation temperature control method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described step 3 is: arrange deep well and each a bite of shallow well in cultivation base, deep well well depth 400 meters, leaving water temperature 20 DEG C; Shallow well well depth 100 meters, leaving water temperature 16 DEG C, well water directly pumps into cultivating workshop.
7. cold water fish closed circulation cultivation temperature control method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, described step 4 is: contract out the mouth of a river at cultivating workshop biology and arrange tank, be immersed in tank by evaporator.
8. a cold water fish closed circulation cultivation temperature regulating device, is characterized in that, comprises the one or some in following equipment:
Heat insulation sun facility, is arranged at outside cultivating workshop building enclosure and outside culturing pool;
Air feed oxygen increasing equipment, be arranged at and be equipped with in the Ventilator Room of lagging facility, air inlet is placed in green house;
Recharge of ground water equipment, deep well wherein or shallow well are communicated with breeding water body by pipeline;
Refrigeration plant, evaporator is wherein arranged at the biological bag water outlet of cultivating workshop, and its temperature probe is placed in biological bag water return outlet.
9. cold water fish closed circulation cultivation temperature regulating device as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that, described heat insulation sun equipment is by interior sealed polyethylene plastic, thermal insulation quilt, blanket of glass wool and color steel veneer to being arranged on outward on cultivating workshop roof and peripheral structure.
10. cold water fish closed circulation cultivation temperature regulating device as claimed in claim 8, it is characterized in that, the thickness of described thermal insulation quilt is 30mm, and the thickness of described blanket of glass wool is 100mm.
CN201510689831.9A 2015-10-22 2015-10-22 Cold water fish closed cycle culturing temperature regulating device and method Pending CN105325331A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510689831.9A CN105325331A (en) 2015-10-22 2015-10-22 Cold water fish closed cycle culturing temperature regulating device and method

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510689831.9A CN105325331A (en) 2015-10-22 2015-10-22 Cold water fish closed cycle culturing temperature regulating device and method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105325331A true CN105325331A (en) 2016-02-17

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Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2198764Y (en) * 1994-06-10 1995-05-31 陈茂田 Receptacle with automatic temp. controller for culturing live aquatic products
CN2332178Y (en) * 1997-12-03 1999-08-11 苏文宏 Constant temp. control device of cooler
CN2604873Y (en) * 2003-01-28 2004-03-03 王维林 Salmon culture pond and its corollary equipment
CN101664003A (en) * 2008-09-04 2010-03-10 李活 Industrial shrimp larva breeding mode
CN102307463A (en) * 2009-02-06 2012-01-04 金春培 Incubator-type fish farm using recycled materials
CN102657134A (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-09-12 山东省海洋水产研究所 Industrial circulating seawater aquiculture system
CN103081843A (en) * 2011-11-04 2013-05-08 喃嵘水产(上海)有限公司 Centralization indoor constant temperature circulation aquaculture system
WO2014000102A1 (en) * 2012-06-26 2014-01-03 Agrimarine Industries Inc. Aquaculture rearing enclosure and circulation induction system
CN103999813A (en) * 2014-01-20 2014-08-27 王连成 Indoor water-circulating three-dimensional multipurpose aquatic product ecological breeding device
CN203884478U (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-10-22 王立宁 Culture pond temperature adjusting system
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Patent Citations (11)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN2198764Y (en) * 1994-06-10 1995-05-31 陈茂田 Receptacle with automatic temp. controller for culturing live aquatic products
CN2332178Y (en) * 1997-12-03 1999-08-11 苏文宏 Constant temp. control device of cooler
CN2604873Y (en) * 2003-01-28 2004-03-03 王维林 Salmon culture pond and its corollary equipment
CN101664003A (en) * 2008-09-04 2010-03-10 李活 Industrial shrimp larva breeding mode
CN102307463A (en) * 2009-02-06 2012-01-04 金春培 Incubator-type fish farm using recycled materials
CN103081843A (en) * 2011-11-04 2013-05-08 喃嵘水产(上海)有限公司 Centralization indoor constant temperature circulation aquaculture system
CN102657134A (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-09-12 山东省海洋水产研究所 Industrial circulating seawater aquiculture system
WO2014000102A1 (en) * 2012-06-26 2014-01-03 Agrimarine Industries Inc. Aquaculture rearing enclosure and circulation induction system
CN103999813A (en) * 2014-01-20 2014-08-27 王连成 Indoor water-circulating three-dimensional multipurpose aquatic product ecological breeding device
CN203884478U (en) * 2014-06-24 2014-10-22 王立宁 Culture pond temperature adjusting system
CN104381163A (en) * 2014-10-29 2015-03-04 中国水产科学研究院黄海水产研究所 Indoor intensive aquaculture system

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Application publication date: 20160217