CN203884478U - Culture pond temperature adjusting system - Google Patents

Culture pond temperature adjusting system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN203884478U
CN203884478U CN201420336226.4U CN201420336226U CN203884478U CN 203884478 U CN203884478 U CN 203884478U CN 201420336226 U CN201420336226 U CN 201420336226U CN 203884478 U CN203884478 U CN 203884478U
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China
Prior art keywords
temperature
culturing pool
pipe laying
heat pipe
heat exchanger
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Expired - Fee Related
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CN201420336226.4U
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Chinese (zh)
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王立宁
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王立宁
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Priority to CN201420336226.4U priority Critical patent/CN203884478U/en
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Publication of CN203884478U publication Critical patent/CN203884478U/en
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Abstract

The utility model belongs to the technical field of agricultural engineering and provides a culture pond temperature adjusting system. The culture pond temperature adjusting system comprises a soil heat exchanger, a floor-heating laying pipe, a circulating water pump, a high-position expansion water supplementing tank, a floor heating module and a temperature control switch. The soil heat exchanger and the floor-heating laying pipe form a circulating system. The water circulating pump is arranged between the soil heat exchanger and the floor-heating laying pipe. The high-position expansion water supplementing tank is located at the rear end of a suction inlet of the circulating water pump. The temperature control switch automatically controls starting or stopping of the circulating water pump. A temperature sensing probe of the temperature control switch is arranged in a culture pond. The floor heating module is arranged between the floor-heating laying pipe and the inner wall and/or the bottom of the culture pond, and the floor-heating laying pipe is fixed. The culture pond temperature adjusting system has the advantages of being simple in structure, efficient, free of emission and pollution, wide in application range, and particularly suitable for cold water fish circulating water culture, saving energy and automatically controlling the temperature.

Description

A kind of culturing pool thermoregulating system
Technical field
the utility model is agricultural engineering technology field, relates to a kind of aquaculture water temperature control method and system, is applicable to industrial aquaculture water temperature and regulates.。
Background technology
Water temperature is one of important factor in order of aquaculture, for keeping water temperature to be constant at cultivation preference temperature, conventionally adopt the methods such as combustion fuel, electrical heating to heat up, adopt the cooling such as the method for injecting cold well water, it in industrial aquaculture, is always the easily cooling difficulty that heats up, cooling has requirement to cold water water quality, the water yield, and therefore cooling is subject to regional limits and development scale restriction.The development of conventional plant aquaculture model is subject to the restriction of the aspects such as energy prices go up, groundwater resources consume excessively, social environment consciousness enhancing, and industrial aquaculture pattern has been inexorable trend to the aquaculture model transformation of energy-saving and environmental protection.
?geothermal energy resource in thermostat layer: downward from earth's surface, the impact of solar radiation weakens gradually, and when reaching certain degree of depth, this impact disappears substantially, impact in solar radiation herein and the earth between heat reaches poised state, temperature year amplitude of variation close to zero.At this, below constant temperature face, Temperature Field is controlled by heat in the earth completely, and ground temperature raises with the increase of the degree of depth, and the main source of its heat is the heat energy of earth interior.The mining depth of less expensive is generally less than 200 meters, is low-grade geothermal energy resources, and temperature is a little more than 1 ℃ ~ 2 ℃ of local average temperatures of the whole year, relatively stable, compose deposit wide, general extraction and application on the spot.Utilize thermostat layer temperature in summer lower than temperature, winter the characteristic higher than temperature, make aquaculture water and thermostat layer soil heat exchange, to water temperature adjustable range, can realize temperature ~ approach thermostat layer temperature.For example Panjin area average temperature of the whole year is 9.2 ℃, and the 100 meters of vertical buried heat exchanger leaving water temperatures in actual measurement Panjin area are 11.7 ℃, and theoretical water temperature adjustable range is temperature ~ approach 11.7 ℃.
?by above analysis, utilize thermostat layer heat exchange to regulate temperature of cultivation to there is feasibility, especially very useful aspect cooling.Temperature regulating range and the cold water fish temperature of cultivation in the areas such as Liaoning, Hebei, Tianjin, Shandong match, thermostat layer heat exchange aquaculture water temperature adjustment technology can solve the suitable difficult problem that water temperature effectively keeps of supporting easily, and technology has again the advantages such as energy-saving and environmental protection, this technology is dissolved in cold water fish circular water treating system, can promote the development of cold water fish batch production sealing cultivation, produce certain Social benefit and economic benefit.
Summary of the invention
the utility model has solved the suitable difficult problem of supporting water temperature maintenance of cold water fish circulating water cultivation, has proposed a kind of culturing pool thermoregulating system.
?technical scheme: comprise soil heat exchanger, underground heat pipe laying, water circulating pump, high-order expansion water supply tank, floor heating module, temperature detect switch (TDS).Described soil heat exchanger and underground heat pipe laying form the circulatory system; Described water circulating pump is arranged between soil heat exchanger and underground heat pipe laying; Described high-order expansion water supply tank is positioned at water circulating pump suction inlet rear end; The start and stop of the automatic controlled circulation water pump of described temperature detect switch (TDS), the temperature-sensing probe of temperature detect switch (TDS) is placed in culturing pool; Described floor heating module is between underground heat pipe laying and culturing pool inwall and/or at the end, fixedly underground heat pipe laying.
?described underground heat pipe laying is horizontally disposed at the bottom of culturing pool or be arranged vertically in culturing pool wall, employing is arranged with journey parallel way, with floor heating module, fix, implementation method is being encrypted layout on thermal process basis routinely, according to need of production tube pitch, be contracted in 5 ~ 18 cm range and regulate, material is PE.
?underground heat pipe laying is horizontally disposed at the bottom of culturing pool and/or be vertically arranged in culturing pool inwall.
?described floor heating module between underground heat pipe laying and culturing pool inwall and/or at the end, and culturing pool inwall and/or the end are fixed in bottom, and top groove is blocked underground heat pipe laying.
?described soil heat exchanger is U-shaped PE pipe array, imbed below thermostat layer, the degree of depth all can within the scope of 60 ~ 180 meters below earth's surface, according to land area and geological conditions, choose, conventionally vertically 100 meters of economy of buried depth are higher, 4 ~ 5 meters of every group of spacing, adopt and are arranged in parallel with journey, and implementation method is with reference to ground buried pipe of ground source heat pump technique.
?described high-order expansion water supply tank is arranged at water circulating pump suction inlet rear end, higher than 3 ~ 4 meters of the circulatory systems.
?the start and stop of described temperature detect switch (TDS) controlled circulation water pump, temperature sense probe is placed in aquaculture water, according to user's design temperature, realizes automatically and controlling.
?compared with prior art, the utility model advantage is: simple in structure, energy-efficient; Running gear is only a circulating pump, is convenient to safeguard, operating cost is cheap; Heat exchange material is PE material and can uses more than 50 years, and avoids safeguarding; Temperature automatically controlled, save manpower, easy to operate; Without discharge, the pollution-free National Sustainable Development Strategies thought that meets, utilize ground energy source country to advocate; Cooling does not rely on water resource, is not subject to regional limits; Can in certain temperature range, independently effectively regulate temperature of cultivation; Coordinate other technology more preferably to meet the needs of production.
?apply can be similar in this utility model engineering and think that water temperature adjustable range is local average temperature of the whole year+3 ℃ of temperature ~ approach.
?below enumerate Some Domestic provinces and cities average temperature of the whole year and the utility model theoretical temperatures adjustable range
Area Average temperature of the whole year (℃) The theoretical adjustable range of the utility model (℃)
Mudanjiang, Heilungkiang 5.1 Temperature ~ approach 8.1
Changchun, Jilin 4.8 Temperature ~ approach 7.8
Huludao City, Liaoning 9.1 Temperature ~ approach 12.1
Tangshan 11.1 Temperature ~ approach 14.1
Tianjin 12.3 Temperature ~ approach 15.3
Qingdao 12.2 Temperature ~ approach 15.2
Lianyungang of Jiangsu 14 Temperature ~ approach 17
Ningbo of Zhejiang 16.2 Temperature ~ approach 19.2
Quanzhou, Fujian 19.7 Temperature ~ approach 22.7
Shantou, Guangdong 21.3 Temperature ~ approach 24.3
Beihai Fisheries Base Guangxi Province 22.9 Temperature ~ approach 25.9
Haikou 23.8 Temperature ~ approach 26.8
accompanying drawing explanation:
Fig. 1 system architecture schematic diagram: 1, soil heat exchanger; 2, underground heat pipe laying; 3, water circulating pump; 4, high-order expansion water supply tank; 5, valve.
fig. 2 circuit is controlled schematic diagram: 6, water circulating pump; 7, temperature detect switch (TDS); 8, disconnect; 9, temperature-sensing probe.
in Fig. 3 culturing pool, arrange schematic diagram: 10, floor heating module; 11, underground heat pipe laying; 12, culturing pool inwall; 13, at the bottom of culturing pool.
fig. 4 summer operation polygram.
fig. 5 winter operation polygram.
embodiment:
?load calculates: can, with reference to indoor swimming pool load index 200 ~ 350 W/ ㎡, also can amplify on this basis index according to need of production.
?soil heat exchanger calculates: with reference to heat exchanger Preliminary design guide, rectilinear loop duct length is 300 meters of every standard tons.
?waterpower is calculated: buried velocity in pipes is when 0.4m/s ~ 0.6 m/s is interval, and heating power radius is linear and rises, and when flow velocity >0.6 m/s, heating power radius reduces to some extent with the amplification of change in flow, and has the trend that is tending towards level.Flow velocity is better at 0.4m/s ~ 0.6 m/s value heat transfer effect.
?with 360 cubic metres of indoor culture ponds, Panjin area, transform example as.9.2 ℃ of Panjin area average temperatures of the whole year, the 100 meters of vertical buried heat exchanger leaving water temperatures in actual measurement Panjin area are 11.7 ℃.Water temperature adjustable range is temperature ~ approach 11.7 ℃.
?total load 126KW, needs 10747 meters of heat exchange pipelines as calculated, and soil heat exchanger 1 is selected DE32, PE pipe, adopt double-U-shaped structure, 100 meters of buried depths, need 27 mouthfuls of well-diggings, total flow is about 52 cubes ms/h, selects 34 meters of water circulating pumps 3 of 50 cubes of ms/h of lifts of flow.Choose 15 meters of * 25 meters of open grounds for beating source, ground well, 5 meters of well spacing, dark 100 meters, double-U-shaped PE pipe soil heat exchanger 1 direct-burried enters well, backfill, each arm adopts with journey parallel way access main, and 2 meters of buried depths are antifreeze against pressure.13 tiling underground heat pipe layings 11 at the bottom of culturing pool, are at the bottom of culturing pool 13, plastics floor heating module 10, underground heat pipe laying 11 from the bottom to top successively.Underground heat pipe laying 11 is selected DE25, PE pipe, spacing 15CM, and by the U-shaped layout of floor heating module 10 track, each branch road adopts with journey parallel way access main.Floor heating module 10 is fixed at the bottom of culturing pool 13, and upper grooves is blocked underground heat pipe laying 11.High-order expansion water supply tank 4 is placed in water circulating pump 3 rear ends, and higher than system 3M, running water pipe accesses high-order expansion water supply tank 4 automatic water supplements.Temperature-sensing probe 9 is placed in culturing pool, temperature detect switch (TDS) 7 place in circuit controlled circulation water pump 6 start and stop, and 18 ℃ of setting temperature of cultivation in summer, winter, temperature of cultivation was 8 ℃.
?operational monitoring data polygram, Fig. 4, Fig. 5.
?by enforcement, prove that the utility model can effectively regulate culturing pool water temperature, is conducive to improve productivity effect.

Claims (6)

1. a culturing pool thermoregulating system, is characterized in that: comprise soil heat exchanger, underground heat pipe laying, water circulating pump, high-order expansion water supply tank, floor heating module, temperature detect switch (TDS), described soil heat exchanger and underground heat pipe laying form the circulatory system; Described water circulating pump is arranged between soil heat exchanger and underground heat pipe laying; Described high-order expansion water supply tank is positioned at water circulating pump suction inlet rear end; The start and stop of the automatic controlled circulation water pump of described temperature detect switch (TDS), the temperature-sensing probe of temperature detect switch (TDS) is placed in culturing pool; Described floor heating module is between underground heat pipe laying and culturing pool inwall and/or at the end, fixedly underground heat pipe laying.
2. culturing pool thermoregulating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: soil heat exchanger is imbedded below thermostat layer, within the scope of following 60 ~ 180 meters of degree of depth earth's surface.
3. culturing pool thermoregulating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: underground heat pipe laying tube pitch regulates in 5 ~ 18 cm range.
4. culturing pool thermoregulating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: underground heat pipe laying is horizontally disposed at the bottom of culturing pool and/or be vertically arranged in culturing pool inwall.
5. culturing pool thermoregulating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: high-order expansion water supply tank is higher than 3 ~ 4 meters of the circulatory systems.
6. culturing pool thermoregulating system according to claim 1, is characterized in that: soil heat exchanger, underground heat pipe laying all adopt same journey parallel way.
CN201420336226.4U 2014-06-24 2014-06-24 Culture pond temperature adjusting system Expired - Fee Related CN203884478U (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420336226.4U CN203884478U (en) 2014-06-24 2014-06-24 Culture pond temperature adjusting system

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201420336226.4U CN203884478U (en) 2014-06-24 2014-06-24 Culture pond temperature adjusting system

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Cited By (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104145875A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-11-19 武汉新河湾农业科技有限公司 Aquatic seedling cultivation greenhouse system
CN105325331A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-02-17 天津丰沛水产养殖有限公司 Cold water fish closed cycle culturing temperature regulating device and method
CN106196732A (en) * 2016-08-01 2016-12-07 绍兴文理学院 A kind of system heating underground low temperature storage tank surrounding soil
CN106509966A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-03-22 黄俊柳 Flue-cured tobacco stove utilizing water vapor combustion and secondary combustion
CN108271720A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-07-13 天津海升水产养殖有限公司 A kind of Portunus trituberculatus Miers cultural method and control system

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN104145875A (en) * 2014-08-06 2014-11-19 武汉新河湾农业科技有限公司 Aquatic seedling cultivation greenhouse system
CN104145875B (en) * 2014-08-06 2016-08-10 武汉新河湾农业科技有限公司 A kind of aquatic seedling cultivation Greenhouse System
CN105325331A (en) * 2015-10-22 2016-02-17 天津丰沛水产养殖有限公司 Cold water fish closed cycle culturing temperature regulating device and method
CN106196732A (en) * 2016-08-01 2016-12-07 绍兴文理学院 A kind of system heating underground low temperature storage tank surrounding soil
CN106196732B (en) * 2016-08-01 2019-03-29 绍兴文理学院 A kind of system heating underground low temperature storage tank surrounding soil
CN106509966A (en) * 2016-11-29 2017-03-22 黄俊柳 Flue-cured tobacco stove utilizing water vapor combustion and secondary combustion
CN108271720A (en) * 2018-01-30 2018-07-13 天津海升水产养殖有限公司 A kind of Portunus trituberculatus Miers cultural method and control system

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee

Granted publication date: 20141022

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CF01 Termination of patent right due to non-payment of annual fee