CN103636549B - A kind of can the culturing pool of oxygenation temperature control - Google Patents

A kind of can the culturing pool of oxygenation temperature control Download PDF

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Publication number
CN103636549B
CN103636549B CN201310682836.XA CN201310682836A CN103636549B CN 103636549 B CN103636549 B CN 103636549B CN 201310682836 A CN201310682836 A CN 201310682836A CN 103636549 B CN103636549 B CN 103636549B
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China
Prior art keywords
air inlet
air
pond
inlet pipe
condenser
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN201310682836.XA
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Chinese (zh)
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CN103636549A (en
Inventor
徐跑
何杰
强俊
董在杰
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Freshwater Fisheries Research Center of Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences
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Freshwater Fisheries Research Center of Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences
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Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN103636549B publication Critical patent/CN103636549B/en
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Abstract

The present invention relates to a kind of can the culturing pool of oxygenation temperature control, belong to cultivation equipment technology field.Include pond body and air inlet, pond body sidewall is provided with air inlet, pond is external is provided with air inlet pipe, air inlet is connected with one end of air inlet pipe, the other end of air inlet pipe is provided with air pump, the inside of air inlet pipe is provided with condenser, and one end of condenser is connected to the condenser other end again by compressor, evaporator and expansion valve.The present invention absorbs heat by heat pump from natural world, again with air pump by transfer of heat in air, utilize the air realization of heating to the intensification of pond body and oxygenation, it gives vent to anger evenly, can not have an impact to aquaculture, energy source is extensive, and the more conventional oxygen increasing heating mechanism of energy consumption is lower.

Description

A kind of can the culturing pool of oxygenation temperature control
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of can the culturing pool of oxygenation temperature control, belong to cultivation equipment technology field.
Background technology
It is right to come for culture fishery, and the oxygenation of culturing pool and temperature control all can good long-living closely related with aquatic products.Along with the development of China's culture fishery, the level oxygenation of cultivating system and temperature control being improved to automation is also increasingly urgent.
Patent CN103420525A discloses a kind of water correction device of aquaculture pond, it by being provided with the aeration tube that some root table faces are provided with some apertures bottom aquaculture pond, aquaculture pond bank is provided with air compressor, the mode that air compressor is connected with aeration tube, for culturing pool increases gas.But this mode needs to be outside equipped with air compressor in pond extraly, it can not the work of continous way, after often running a period of time, need the compression again carried out again air, with supplementary source of the gas, and if in the season of cold, after the air in air compressor blasts pond, the water temperature drop in pond can be caused, mustn't go to the growth of cultured product.
Patent CN103081843A discloses a kind of centralized constant indoor temperature recirculation system, and its culturing pool adopts insulation material to make.For large-scale cultivation, adopt the investment of insulation material too huge in pond, and difficulty of construction is large, in addition, insulation material also can the possibility of oriented water body release chemical substance, causes aquatic products to be subject to the pollution of chemicals.
Patent CN102578021A discloses a kind of rotational flow oxygenation pond for culture pond, and its aeration oxygen replenishing by aerated conduit bottom rotational flow oxygenation pond and eddy flow castering action improve the oxygen content of culturing pool.This culturing pool is the gas content improved by eddy flow in the body of pond, and this normal growth for aquatic products has adverse influence, and the too fast meeting of eddy flow causes aquatic products cannot growth normally in water body.
Summary of the invention
The object of this invention is to provide one and can improve oxygen content reposefully in culturing pool, the device of water temperature can be improved again.The technical scheme adopted is:
A kind of can the culturing pool of oxygenation temperature control, include pond body and air inlet, pond body sidewall is provided with air inlet, pond is external is provided with air inlet pipe, air inlet is connected with one end of air inlet pipe, the other end of air inlet pipe is provided with air pump, the inside of air inlet pipe is provided with condenser, one end of condenser is connected to the condenser other end again by compressor, evaporator and expansion valve.
Inventive principle: condenser, compressor, evaporator and expansion valve constitute a heat pump, this heat pump in use, can obtain energy from air, soil or underground water, therefore evaporator can be arranged at the position of air, soil or underground water, after heat pump starts, evaporator obtains energy from the thermal source in the external world, by the working medium of heat pump by transfer of heat to condenser side, because condenser is in air inlet pipe inside, after so opening air pump, extraneous air can enter to air inlet pipe inside, with condenser heat exchange, heat in heat pump is taken away, next, can be entered in the body of pond by air inlet by the air heated, because gas is with heat, it can heat for the aquaculture water in the body of pond, and gas is in the process risen, convection current is carried out with water body, the oxygen in the body of pond can be increased, the more important thing is, flowed out more even by the gas heated, can not have an impact to the normal existence of aquatic products, and each sound-generating element of this device is all basic and water body is isolated, therefore the noise that equipment produces can not have an impact to aquatic products.
As improvement of the present invention, evaporator is arranged in air.Because the flowing velocity of air is very fast, and the air of outside is almost inexhaustible, therefore uses air can be pond body supply heat for a long time as thermal source.
As improvement of the present invention, air inlet pipe is provided with bypass duct, the other end of bypass duct is towards evaporator.Because evaporator is after working long hours, occur the situation of the outside frosting such as blade, pipe fitting, when the gas that air pump blows out is delivered on evaporator by bypass valve, the cross-ventilation of evaporator outside can be promoted, the air of condensation is blown away, flow into the air of more high temperature, improve heat exchange efficiency, the problem of blade, pipe fitting frosting simultaneously can also be avoided.
As improvement of the present invention, bypass duct is provided with bypass valve.The effect of bypass valve is the unlatching controlling bypass duct, unwanted time, can stop to evaporator blow out air.
As improvement of the present invention, in the bottom of pond body, be provided with the aeration tube be connected with air inlet.The effect of aeration tube can make discharge to add warm air more even.
beneficial effect
The present invention absorbs heat by heat pump from natural world, again with air pump by transfer of heat in air, utilize the air realization of heating to the intensification of pond body and oxygenation, it gives vent to anger evenly, can not have an impact to aquaculture, energy source is extensive, and the more conventional oxygen increasing heating mechanism of energy consumption is lower.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the overall structure schematic diagram of culturing pool of the present invention.
Wherein, 1, Chi Ti; 2, air inlet; 3, air inlet pipe; 4, air pump; 5, condenser; 6, compressor; 7, evaporator; 8, expansion valve; 9, aeration tube; 10, bypass duct; 11, bypass valve.
Embodiment
Be described below in detail embodiments of the invention, the example of described embodiment is shown in the drawings, and wherein same or similar label represents same or similar element or has element that is identical or similar functions from start to finish.Be exemplary below by the embodiment be described with reference to the drawings, be intended to for explaining the present invention, and can not limitation of the present invention be interpreted as.In describing the invention, it will be appreciated that, term " " center ", " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " length ", " width ", " thickness ", " on ", D score, " front ", " afterwards ", " left side ", " right side ", " vertically ", " level ", " top ", " end " " interior ", " outward ", " clockwise ", orientation or the position relationship of the instruction such as " counterclockwise " are based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only the present invention for convenience of description and simplified characterization, instead of indicate or imply that the device of indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore limitation of the present invention can not be interpreted as.In addition, term " first ", " second " only for describing object, and can not be interpreted as instruction or hint relative importance or imply the quantity indicating indicated technical characteristic.Thus, be limited with " first ", the feature of " second " can express or impliedly comprise one or more these features.In describing the invention, the implication of " multiple " is two or more, unless otherwise expressly limited specifically.
Embodiment 1
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of can the culturing pool of oxygenation temperature control, include pond body 1 and air inlet 2, pond body 1 sidewall is provided with air inlet 2, in the bottom of pond body 1, be provided with the aeration tube 9 be connected with air inlet 2, pond body 1 is outside equipped with air inlet pipe 3, and air inlet 2 is connected with one end of air inlet pipe 3, and the other end of air inlet pipe 3 is provided with air pump 4, the inside of air inlet pipe 3 is provided with condenser 5, and one end of condenser 5 is connected to condenser 5 other end again by compressor 6, evaporator 7 and expansion valve 8; Evaporator 7 is the air being arranged in earth's surface, and air inlet pipe 3 is provided with bypass duct 10, and the other end of bypass duct 10, towards evaporator 7, bypass duct 10 is provided with bypass valve 11.
Below in conjunction with concrete operating process, this culturing pool is further described.
Condenser 5, compressor 6, evaporator 7 and expansion valve 8 constitute a heat pump, after heat pump starts, evaporator 7 obtains energy from the air heat source in the external world, by the working medium of heat pump by transfer of heat to condenser 5 side, because condenser 5 is in air inlet pipe 3 inside, after so opening air pump 4, it is inner that extraneous air can enter to air inlet pipe 3, with condenser 5 heat exchange, heat in heat pump is taken away, next, can be entered in pond body 1 by air inlet 2 by the air heated, because gas is with heat, it can heat for the aquaculture water in pond body 1, and gas is in the process risen, convection current is carried out with water body, the oxygen in pond body 1 can be increased, in addition, gas inputs in the water body of pond body 1 by air inlet 2 by aeration tube 9, gas transient flow zone can be made more even.In use, bypass valve 11 can be opened, make to flow out a part of gas in air inlet pipe 3, blow on evaporator 7, namely air pump 4 can be implemented as the effect that pond body 1 carries air, also can realize the effect improving evaporator 7 external heat-exchanging efficiency, avoid frosting.

Claims (1)

1. one kind can the culturing pool of oxygenation temperature control, include pond body (1) and air inlet (2), it is characterized in that: pond body (1) sidewall is provided with air inlet (2), pond body (1) is outside equipped with air inlet pipe (3), air inlet (2) is connected with one end of air inlet pipe (3), the other end of air inlet pipe (3) is provided with air pump (4), the inside of air inlet pipe (3) is provided with condenser (5), one end of condenser (5) is by compressor (6), evaporator (7) and expansion valve (8) are connected to condenser (5) other end again, described evaporator (7) is arranged in air, described air inlet pipe (3) is provided with bypass duct (10), and the other end of bypass duct (10) is towards evaporator (7), described bypass duct (10) is provided with bypass valve (11), the bottom of described pond body (1), is provided with the aeration tube (9) be connected with air inlet (2).
CN201310682836.XA 2013-12-12 2013-12-12 A kind of can the culturing pool of oxygenation temperature control Expired - Fee Related CN103636549B (en)

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Families Citing this family (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105210973A (en) * 2015-10-30 2016-01-06 厦门人天景农业科技有限公司 Shrimp culture system
CN105454145B (en) * 2015-12-07 2018-02-27 福建渔家傲养殖科技有限公司 Integrated system and its round-robin method with oxygenation, heating and water circulation function
CN106472409A (en) * 2016-09-30 2017-03-08 贵州省正安县农业科技大鲵发展有限公司 Andrias davidianus Blanchard tames and dociles numerous hole

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101513174A (en) * 2009-04-08 2009-08-26 山东省海洋水产研究所 Circulating water culture system with low energy consumption
CN202232592U (en) * 2011-09-29 2012-05-30 Tcl空调器(武汉)有限公司 Special water machine for constant temperature fishpond
CN202385626U (en) * 2011-12-26 2012-08-22 青岛三维制冷空调有限公司 Refrigerating/heating/oxygen-enriching device for aquaculture
CN102657134A (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-09-12 山东省海洋水产研究所 Industrial circulating seawater aquiculture system
CN203608716U (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-05-28 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Culture pond capable of oxygenating and controlling temperature

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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
JP5034367B2 (en) * 2006-08-10 2012-09-26 パナソニック株式会社 Heat pump water heater
KR200455588Y1 (en) * 2011-05-18 2011-09-15 공경석 Water temperature controller for fish farm heat pump

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN101513174A (en) * 2009-04-08 2009-08-26 山东省海洋水产研究所 Circulating water culture system with low energy consumption
CN202232592U (en) * 2011-09-29 2012-05-30 Tcl空调器(武汉)有限公司 Special water machine for constant temperature fishpond
CN202385626U (en) * 2011-12-26 2012-08-22 青岛三维制冷空调有限公司 Refrigerating/heating/oxygen-enriching device for aquaculture
CN102657134A (en) * 2012-05-31 2012-09-12 山东省海洋水产研究所 Industrial circulating seawater aquiculture system
CN203608716U (en) * 2013-12-12 2014-05-28 中国水产科学研究院淡水渔业研究中心 Culture pond capable of oxygenating and controlling temperature

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