CN102210249B - Edible mushroom industrial culture energy-saving temperature control system - Google Patents

Edible mushroom industrial culture energy-saving temperature control system Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102210249B
CN102210249B CN2011100782128A CN201110078212A CN102210249B CN 102210249 B CN102210249 B CN 102210249B CN 2011100782128 A CN2011100782128 A CN 2011100782128A CN 201110078212 A CN201110078212 A CN 201110078212A CN 102210249 B CN102210249 B CN 102210249B
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China
Prior art keywords
water
temperature
hot
water pump
temperature sensor
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CN2011100782128A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102210249A (en
Inventor
喻桃生
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长沙湘蕈生物科技有限公司
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Publication of CN102210249A publication Critical patent/CN102210249A/en
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    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02ATECHNOLOGIES FOR ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02A40/00Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production
    • Y02A40/10Adaptation technologies in agriculture, forestry, livestock or agroalimentary production in agriculture
    • Y02A40/25Greenhouse technology, e.g. cooling systems therefor
    • YGENERAL TAGGING OF NEW TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENTS; GENERAL TAGGING OF CROSS-SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES SPANNING OVER SEVERAL SECTIONS OF THE IPC; TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
    • Y02TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE
    • Y02PCLIMATE CHANGE MITIGATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE PRODUCTION OR PROCESSING OF GOODS
    • Y02P60/00Technologies relating to agriculture, livestock or agroalimentary industries
    • Y02P60/14Measures for saving energy, e.g. in green houses

Abstract

The invention discloses an edible mushroom industrial culture energy-saving temperature control system, which comprises a water pump I, a cold water pool, a hot water pool, a refrigerator I, a heater, a water pump II, a refrigerator II, a wet curtain, an exhaust fan and a blow dryer, wherein the cold water pool is provided with a water level sensor I and a temperature sensor I; a water level sensor II and a temperature sensor II are arranged in the hot water pool; a temperature sensor III is arranged inside a mushroom house; the water level sensor I and the water level sensor II are connected with a controller I of the water pump I; the temperature sensor I is connected with a controller III of the refrigerator I; the temperature sensor II is connected with a controller IV of the heater; the temperature sensor III in the mushroom house is connected with a controller II of the water pump II; a heat-insulation water pipe is arranged between the water pump II and the wet curtain and between the water pump II and the cold water pool and the hot water pool respectively; a heat-insulation water pipe is arranged between the wet curtain and the cold water pool and the hot water pool; and the wet curtain is connected with the blow dryer through the exhaust fan. By the system, electric energy is saved by over 60 percent through industrial culture of edible mushrooms.

Description

A kind of edible mushroom industrial culture energy-saving temperature control system
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of edible mushroom industrial culture energy-saving temperature control system, particularly relate to a kind of utilize underground water to freeze and be heated to design temperature after cyclic control system that the temperature in the mushroom room is regulated.
Background technology
The cultivation of edible fungus industrial temperature control is in the history in existing more than 20 year of China, and Main Cultivars has Asparagus, Xingbao mushroom, hypsizygus marmoreus, agrocybe etc.Because the edible fungus of various mushroom classes is a kind of high protein, low-fat nutraceutical, and be rich in the necessary amino acid of the multiple mankind, for safeguarding that human health has very important value, and the cultivation of edible fungus industrial temperature control can Effective Raise output and is ensured the stable supply in product anniversary.Thereby the development of batch production temperature control cultivation is in the ascendant.But main refrigeration (heat) mechanism cold (heat) that adopts directly freezes (heat) to the mushroom room at present, and power consumption is quite large.The underground water that utilizes merely that also has carries out temperature control to the mushroom room, but can not reach the temperature that sets, and can not satisfy production requirement.
Summary of the invention
The technical problem to be solved in the present invention is, overcomes the deficiencies in the prior art, provides a kind of energy resource consumption to hang down the effective edible mushroom industrial culture energy-saving temperature control system of temperature control.
The technical scheme that the present invention solve the technical problem employing is, it comprises the water pump I for groundwater abstraction, build the interior water cooling pond of freezer in for the underground water that holds the extraction of water pump I, build the hot-tub on freezer next door in, be used for the refrigeration machine I that cold water is further lowered the temperature and the heater (heater is available cooking stove or boiler instead also) that hot water is further heated up, be used for the water pump II of drawing water from water cooling pond or hot-tub, the refrigeration machine II of control temperature of ice house, be installed on the wet curtain in the mushroom room, air exhauster and air duct, water cooling pond is equipped with level sensor I and temperature sensor I, level sensor II and temperature sensor II are installed in the hot-tub, the temperature sensor III is installed in the mushroom room, described level sensor I, the level sensor II is connected with the controller I of water pump I, described temperature sensor I is connected with the controller III of refrigeration machine 1, the temperature sensor II is connected with the controller IV of heater, the temperature sensor III is connected with the controller II of water pump II in the described mushroom room, between water pump II and the wet curtain, be provided with attemperater between water pump II and water cooling pond and the hot-tub, also be provided with attemperater between wet curtain and water cooling pond and the hot-tub, wet curtain is connected with air duct by air exhauster.
The course of work:
Water pump I groundwater abstraction enters water cooling pond or hot-tub, and the water pump I is regulated work automatically according to the water level of water cooling pond or hot-tub; The refrigeration machine II of control temperature of ice house can be regulated work automatically according to the storehouse design temperature, freezer is used for edible mushroom preservation by low temperature storage and assists refrigeration cold water, refrigeration machine I regulates work automatically according to the water cooling pond design temperature, heater can be regulated work automatically according to the hot-tub design temperature, vapours is arranged at the top of hot-tub, be used for the sterilization of composts or fertilisers of cultivating mushroom, the low-temperature receiver of water cooling pond and hot-tub and thermal source all can fully utilize; In addition, can utilize the bacterium bag waste material behind the culturing edible fungus to make fuel, the water of hot-tub be heated, to reach the energy-conservation purpose of comprehensive utilization of waste materials.
The cold water of water cooling pond or hot-tub or hot water extract through the water pump II and flow to wet curtain by attemperater, carry out heat exchange with wet curtain, the air themperature at wet curtain place is reduced or rising, and cold air or hot-air are sent into each position, mushroom room by air exhauster through air duct, make temperature reduction or rising in the mushroom room.The temperature sensor III that fills in the mushroom room can be sent to the actual temperature signal in the mushroom room controller II, and the controller II is controlled the work of water pump II according to design temperature and mushroom room actual temperature; Automatic back flow is to water cooling pond or hot-tub behind cold water, the wet curtain of hot water process.
Use the present invention, owing to adopt underground water cool in summer and warm in winter as the medium of further cooling or heating, be used for the cooling in summer in the regulation and control mushroom room or the intensification in winter, the energy saves energy is more than 60%, particularly, can also be automatic accurate be in the control mushroom room in the scope of design temperature ± 1 ℃.
Description of drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of the embodiment of the invention.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with the drawings and specific embodiments the present invention is described in further detail.
With reference to accompanying drawing, present embodiment comprises the water pump I 1 for groundwater abstraction, build the interior water cooling pond 2 of freezer in for the underground water that holds the extraction of water pump I, the hot-tub 3 on freezer next door, be used for the water pump II 4 of drawing water from water cooling pond or hot-tub, be installed on the wet curtain 5 in the mushroom room, air exhauster 6, be installed on the air duct 7 in the mushroom room, be separately installed with level sensor I 8 in water cooling pond 2 and the hot-tub 3, level sensor II 9, be separately installed with temperature sensor I 13 in water cooling pond and the hot-tub, temperature sensor II 14, be used for the refrigeration machine I 16 to the further cooling of cold water, the heater 19 that is used for heat hot water, temperature sensor III 10 is installed in the mushroom room, level sensor I 8 in the described water cooling pond 2 is connected with the controller I 11 of water pump I 1 with level sensor II 9 during hot-tub is connected, temperature sensor I 13 in the described water cooling pond 2 is connected with the controller III 15 of refrigeration machine I 16, temperature sensor II 14 in the hot-tub 3 is connected with the controller IV 18 of heater 19, temperature sensor III 10 is connected with the controller II 12 of water pump II 4 in the described mushroom room, between water pump II 4 and the wet curtain 5, water pump II 4 and water cooling pond 2, be provided with attemperater between the hot-tub 3, water cooling pond 2, also be provided with attemperater between hot-tub 3 and the wet curtain 5, wet curtain 5 is connected with air duct 7 by air exhauster 6.
The course of work:
(1) take summer agrocybe cultivation as example
According to required different temperatures in the mushroom room between the edible mushroom different growing stages, by controller II design temperature control target zone; The freezer room is under the control of refrigeration machine II 17, and is constant in 0-5 ℃, is used for fresh-retaining preserving edible mushroom fresh goods, and the water temperature of water cooling pond 2 is down to 0 ℃-5 ℃, and in 38 ℃ of situations of outdoor temperature, the underground water temperature is 21.5 ℃, 16.5 ℃ of the temperature difference.Utilize water pump I 1 groundwater abstraction to enter water cooling pond 2, underground water extracts by water pump II 4 in water cooling pond 2 refrigeration, flow to wet curtain 5 by attemperater, carry out heat exchange with wet curtain 5, the air themperature at wet curtain 5 places is reduced, air after temperature reduces is that cold air is sent into each position, mushroom room by air exhauster 6 through air duct 7, makes that temperature drops to design temperature in mushroom the room in, and 5-10 ℃ of cold water after the cold exchange of curtain of wetting flows into water cooling pond 2 automatically by attemperater; Temperature sensor III 10 is sent to controller II 12 with the actual temperature signal in the mushroom room, and controller II 12 is controlled the work of water pump II 4 according to design temperature and mushroom room actual temperature; Water pump I 1 is regulated work automatically according to the water level in the water cooling pond 2.Temperature sensor I 13 is sent to controller III 15 with the actual temperature signal in the water cooling pond, and controller III 15 is controlled the work of refrigeration machine I 16 according to design temperature and water cooling pond actual temperature.
Test shows that 6 tons of cold water can be protected 180m 34 of mushroom rooms reach the temperature control requirement of 18 ℃ of-25 ℃ of different growing stages.24 hours rate of water make-ups of water cooling pond are 0.5 ton.Can be automatic accurate be in the control mushroom room in the fluctuation range of design temperature ± 1 ℃.
Under the condition of identical scale planting number and edible fungus variety, can saves energy 68%.
(2) take winter agrocybe cultivation as example
According to required different temperatures in the mushroom room between the edible mushroom different growing stages, by controller II design temperature control target zone; The water temperature of hot-tub 3 is risen to 60 ℃-99 ℃, and in 2 ℃ of situations of outdoor temperature, the underground water temperature is 12 ℃, 10 ℃ of the temperature difference.Adopt water pump I 1 groundwater abstraction to enter hot-tub 3, underground water heats 60-99 ℃ by 4 extractions of water pump II at hot-tub 3, flow to wet curtain 5 by attemperater, carry out heat exchange with wet curtain 5, the air themperature at wet curtain 5 places is raise, air after temperature raises is that hot gas is sent into each position, mushroom room by air exhauster 6 through air duct 7, makes that temperature is raised to design temperature in mushroom the room in, and 55-95 ℃ of hot water after the curtain heat exchange of wetting flows into hot-tub 3 automatically by attemperater; Temperature sensor III 10 is sent to controller II 12 with the actual temperature signal in the mushroom room, and controller II 12 is controlled the work of water pump II 4 according to design temperature and mushroom room actual temperature; Water pump I 1 is regulated work automatically according to the water level in the hot-tub 3.Temperature sensor II 14 is sent to controller IV 18 with the actual temperature signal in the hot-tub, and controller IV 18 is according to 19 work of design temperature control heater.
Test shows that 4 tons 60-99 ℃ hot water can be protected 180m 34 of mushroom rooms reach the temperature control requirement of 16 ℃ of-22 ℃ of different growing stages.24 hours rate of water make-ups of hot-tub are 0.8 ton.Can be automatic accurate be in the control mushroom room in the fluctuation range of design temperature ± 1 ℃.
Under the condition of identical scale planting number and edible fungus variety, can saves energy 70%.

Claims (2)

1. edible mushroom industrial culture energy-saving temperature control system, it is characterized in that, comprise the water pump I for groundwater abstraction, build the interior water cooling pond of freezer in for the underground water that holds the extraction of water pump I, build the hot-tub on freezer next door in, be used for the refrigeration machine I that cold water is further lowered the temperature and the heater that hot water is further heated up, be used for the water pump II of drawing water from water cooling pond or hot-tub, the refrigeration machine II of control temperature of ice house, be installed on the wet curtain in the mushroom room, air exhauster and air duct, water cooling pond is equipped with level sensor I and temperature sensor I, level sensor II and temperature sensor II are installed in the hot-tub, the temperature sensor III is installed in the mushroom room, described level sensor I, the level sensor II is connected with the controller I of water pump I, described temperature sensor I is connected with the controller III of refrigeration machine I, the temperature sensor II is connected with the controller IV of heater, the temperature sensor III is connected with the controller II of water pump II in the described mushroom room, between water pump II and the wet curtain, be provided with attemperater between water pump II and water cooling pond and the hot-tub, also be provided with attemperater between wet curtain and water cooling pond and the hot-tub, wet curtain is connected with air duct by air exhauster.
2. edible mushroom industrial culture energy-saving temperature control system according to claim 1 is characterized in that, heater is with kitchen range or boiler instead.
CN2011100782128A 2011-03-30 2011-03-30 Edible mushroom industrial culture energy-saving temperature control system CN102210249B (en)

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Families Citing this family (8)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN102668888A (en) * 2012-06-06 2012-09-19 镇江市丹徒区正东生态农业发展中心 Automatic ventilation and energy conservation method in industrial cultivation of edible fungi
CN102668931A (en) * 2012-06-06 2012-09-19 镇江市丹徒区正东生态农业发展中心 Fresh air temperature precontrolling method in industrial cultivation of edible fungi
CN102939873A (en) * 2012-10-30 2013-02-27 平泉县瀑河源食品有限公司 Cooling device for greenhouse
CN104082035B (en) * 2014-07-03 2016-03-02 长沙湘蕈生物科技有限公司 A kind of edible mushroom purification inoculation malleation energy conserving system
CN104142699A (en) * 2014-08-14 2014-11-12 长沙湘蕈生物科技有限公司 Temperature control system and method for edible fungi cultivation
CN104823864A (en) * 2015-05-28 2015-08-12 玉林市容县奇昌种猪养殖有限公司 Low-energy-consumption hog house temperature-control equipment
CN105850500B (en) * 2016-04-15 2018-10-09 安徽多多利农业科技有限公司 A kind of technique and its cultivation equipment of low temperature environment mushroom growing
CN107166803A (en) * 2017-06-07 2017-09-15 湖南忠食农业生物科技有限公司 A kind of hot and cold water economic benefits and social benefits exchange cycles system of edible mushroom factory

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Address after: 410148 Hunan province Changsha city town of Sha Wen Changsha County Jia Duan Cun Tang Maple Group No. 196

Patentee after: Hunan Xiang Xun Biology Science AND Technology Co., Ltd.

Address before: 410129, No. 10, smooth mountain village, Li Jia village, Yuhua District, Hunan, Changsha

Patentee before: Changsha Xiangxun Biology Science & Technology Co., Ltd.

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Owner name: HUNAN XIANGXUN BIOTECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.

Free format text: FORMER NAME: CHANGSHA XIANGXUN BIOLOGICAL TECHNOLOGY CO., LTD.