CN105251590A - Pneumatic peanut conveying device - Google Patents

Pneumatic peanut conveying device Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105251590A
CN105251590A CN201510764191.3A CN201510764191A CN105251590A CN 105251590 A CN105251590 A CN 105251590A CN 201510764191 A CN201510764191 A CN 201510764191A CN 105251590 A CN105251590 A CN 105251590A
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China
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peanut
cylinder
cylindric washer
room
geldart
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CN201510764191.3A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105251590B (en
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韦智生
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Pizhou Xinsheng Venture Capital Co Ltd
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韦智生
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Abstract

The invention discloses a pneumatic peanut conveying device. The pneumatic peanut conveying device comprises a collecting chamber and an impurity removing bin. The collecting chamber is provided with a feed port and a discharge port. The impurity removing bin is communicated with the collecting chamber and comprises a roller and an outer cylinder, one end of the roller is communicated with the discharge port, spraying nozzles are arranged in the roller, first through holes are uniformly formed in the wall of the roller, and the outer cylinder has internal space containing the roller. Blades are arranged at the position, directly facing the feed port, of the collecting chamber, and a rotor is arranged in the space, below the blades, in the collecting chamber. The blades are driven by wind to rotate and are connected with the rotor through a drive device. Second through holes distributed randomly are formed in the surface of the rotor. The pneumatic peanut conveying device is simple in structure and convenient to use and saves resources.

Description

Geldart-D particle peanut device
Technical field
The present invention relates to crops conveying technology field, more particularly, the present invention relates to a kind of Geldart-D particle peanut device.
Background technology
Along with the fast development of China's economic construction, Geldart-D particle, with the advantage such as its environmental protection, low energy consumption, floor space be little, is applied to the every field of economic construction more and more widely.Geldart-D particle, also known as pneumatic convey, is the energy utilizing air-flow, along a kind of mode of movement of airflow direction conveying granular material in closed conduit, is applicable to the conveying of not easily crushed particles, powder, is a kind of embody rule of fluidization technology.The structure of Pneumatic conveyer is comparatively simple, easy to operate, can do level, the conveying of vertical or incline direction, in course of conveying, also can carry out physical operations or some chemical operation such as the heating of material, cooling, drying and air current classifying simultaneously.
In prior art, the dust cleaning produced peanut transportation is unclean, and peanut shell-breaking rate is on the low side simultaneously, often needs workman to continue artificial broken shell, takes time and effort.
Summary of the invention
An object of the present invention is to solve at least the problems referred to above and defect, and the advantage will illustrated after providing.
A further object of the invention is to provide a kind of Geldart-D particle peanut device, by arranging the rotor driven by strength, first time fragmentation is carried out to peanut, economize energy, got rid of by the continuous throwing of cylinder subsequently, peanut is made to carry out second time fragmentation, used the spray of inner wall of rotary drum waterfog head, the dust on peanut surface is cleaned up simultaneously.
A further object of the invention is by rotor being arranged the second through hole, the inwall of the second through hole is processed into zigzag simultaneously, and peanut is significantly increased by the probability of broken shell.
A further object of the invention is that screen cloth is arranged on the support bar that stretched by Electric Machine Control by the downstream by cylindric washer being connected to cylinder simultaneously, after cylindric washer water flowing, because the density of peanut shell is less than water, peanut shell can swim on the water surface, now support bar launches and cylindric washer is divided into two spaces, after being discharged by water, then is shunk by support bar, peanut shell wraps up and draws in by screen cloth, is very easy to the collection of peanut shell.
In order to realize, according to these objects of the present invention and other advantage, providing a kind of Geldart-D particle peanut device, comprising:
Gather materials room, and it is provided with charging aperture and discharging opening, the bottom of the room that gathers materials described in described discharging opening is arranged on, described in the gather materials charging aperture of room be communicated with loading hopper by pipeline, described loading hopper is provided with the air blast to described charging aperture air blast;
Removal of impurities storehouse, it is communicated with the described room of gathering materials, and described removal of impurities storehouse comprises:
Cylinder, its one end is communicated with described discharging opening, the barrel of described cylinder is provided with the flight of the other end movement making peanut to described cylinder, waterfog head is provided with in described cylinder, described waterfog head along axis location in described cylinder, the barrel of described cylinder is evenly covered with the first through hole, discharges to make water; And
Urceolus, it has the inner space holding described cylinder, and described urceolus arranges mudhole, discharges to make the water in described cylinder and impurity;
Wherein, the described room of gathering materials just is provided with blade to the position of described charging aperture, be provided with the rotor of an aluminum alloy materials in space lower than described blade in the described room that gathers materials, described blade is driven by wind-force and rotates, and described blade is connected with described rotor by drive apparatus;
Wherein, the surface of described rotor is provided with the second through hole of random distribution, and the diameter of described second through hole is 30-40mm, and the inwall of described second through hole is broached-tooth design.
Preferably, described Geldart-D particle peanut device also comprises cylindric washer, and the entrance of described cylindric washer is connected with the other end of described cylinder, and described cylindric washer has the space be filled with water;
Wherein, described cylindric washer also comprises screen cloth, blasthole and osculum, described screen cloth is two, two described screen clothes are banded on the support bar that stretched by Electric Machine Control respectively, two described support bars are oppositely arranged on the barrel of described cylindric washer, with make described screen cloth deployable to be arranged in described cylindric washer on cross section, described cylindric washer is separated into two spaces, being separated of water back cover and peanut grain is being entered to realize peanut, when described support bar shrinks, described screen cloth draws in after collecting the shell of keeping afloat, described blasthole is connected with outside water supply pipe, described osculum is arranged on the bottom of described cylindric washer, be connected with described waterfog head by pipeline, achieve the recycling of water, economize energy.
Preferably, the height of described osculum, higher than the height of described waterfog head, makes water not need extra motor-driven to flow to waterfog head, further saves water resource.
Preferably, the bottom of described cylindric washer is set to openable structure, and described Geldart-D particle peanut device also comprises dryer, and the entrance of described dryer is connected with the bottom of described cylindric washer.
Preferably, the temperature of described dryer is 45-50 DEG C.
Preferably, gather materials described between room and described loading hopper and be provided with cyclone dust collectors.
The present invention at least comprises following beneficial effect:
1, by arranging the rotor driven by strength, first time fragmentation is carried out to peanut, economize energy, is got rid of by the continuous throwing of cylinder subsequently, makes peanut carry out second time fragmentation, used the spray of inner wall of rotary drum waterfog head, the dust on peanut surface is cleaned up simultaneously.
2, by rotor being arranged the second through hole, the inwall of the second through hole being processed into zigzag simultaneously, peanut is significantly increased by the probability of broken shell.
Screen cloth is arranged on the support bar that stretched by Electric Machine Control by the downstream 3, by cylindric washer being connected to cylinder simultaneously, after cylindric washer water flowing, because the density of peanut shell is less than water, peanut shell can swim on the water surface, now support bar launches and cylindric washer is divided into two spaces, after being discharged by water, then is shunk by support bar, peanut shell wraps up and draws in by screen cloth, is very easy to the collection of peanut shell.
Part is embodied by explanation below by other advantage of the present invention, target and feature, part also will by research and practice of the present invention by those skilled in the art is understood.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of Geldart-D particle peanut device of the present invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, the present invention is described in further detail, can implement according to this with reference to description word to make those skilled in the art.
Should be appreciated that used hereinly such as " to have ", other element one or more do not allotted in " comprising " and " comprising " term or the existence of its combination or interpolation.
As shown in Figure 1, a kind of Geldart-D particle peanut device, comprising:
Gather materials room 1, it is provided with charging aperture 101 and discharging opening 102, gather materials described in described discharging opening 102 is arranged on the bottom of room 1, described in the gather materials charging aperture 101 of room 1 be communicated with loading hopper 2 by pipeline, described loading hopper 2 is provided with the air blast 3 to the air blast of described charging aperture 101;
Removal of impurities storehouse 4, it is communicated with the described room 1 that gathers materials, and described removal of impurities storehouse 4 comprises:
Cylinder 401, its one end is communicated with described discharging opening 102, the barrel of described cylinder 401 is provided with the flight of the other end movement making peanut to described cylinder 401,401 li, described cylinder is provided with waterfog head 403, described waterfog head 403 along axis location in described cylinder 401, the barrel of described cylinder 401 is evenly covered with the first through hole, discharges to make water; And
Urceolus 402, it has the inner space holding described cylinder 401, and described urceolus 402 arranges mudhole, discharges to make the water in described cylinder 401 and impurity;
Wherein, the described room 1 that gathers materials just is provided with blade 103 to the position of described charging aperture 101, the rotor 104 of an aluminum alloy materials is provided with in the described space of 1 li, room lower than described blade 103 that gather materials, described blade 103 is driven by wind-force and rotates, and described blade 103 is connected with described rotor 104 by drive apparatus;
Wherein, the surface of described rotor 104 is provided with the second through hole of random distribution, the diameter of described second through hole is 30-40mm, the inwall of described second through hole is broached-tooth design, and the diameter of described second through hole is set to 30-40mm, is to arrange according to the average length 28mm of peanut, the diameter of 30-40mm can ensure no matter peanut can by the second through hole with what kind of angle, can not block, also be simultaneously possible by multiple peanut within a moment, increase the broken shell probability of peanut.
Described Geldart-D particle peanut device also comprises cylindric washer 5, and the entrance of described cylindric washer 5 is connected with the other end of described cylinder 401 and is provided with closed gate, and described cylindric washer 5 has the space be filled with water;
Wherein, described cylindric washer 5 also comprises screen cloth 501, blasthole 502 and osculum 503, described screen cloth 501 is two, two described screen clothes 501 are banded on the support bar 504 that stretched by Electric Machine Control respectively, two described support bars 504 are oppositely arranged on the barrel of described cylindric washer 5, with make described screen cloth 501 deployable to be arranged in described cylindric washer 5 on cross section, described cylindric washer 5 is separated into two spaces, being separated of water back cover and peanut grain is being entered to realize peanut, when described support bar 504 shrinks, described screen cloth 501 draws in after collecting the shell of keeping afloat, described blasthole 502 is connected with outside water supply pipe, described osculum 503 is arranged on the bottom of described cylindric washer 5, be connected with described waterfog head 403 by pipeline, achieve the recycling of water, economize energy.
The height of described osculum 503, higher than the height of described waterfog head 403, makes water not need extra motor-driven can flow to waterfog head 403, further saves water resource.
The bottom of described cylindric washer 5 is set to openable structure, and described Geldart-D particle peanut device also comprises dryer 6, and the entrance of described dryer 6 is connected with the bottom of described cylindric washer 5, and the object of dryer 6 is dried by the shelled peanut of humidity.
The temperature of described dryer 6 is 45-50 DEG C, and shelled peanut can be baked by too high temperature.
Described gathering materials between room 1 and described loading hopper 2 is provided with cyclone dust collectors 7.
The operating process of pneumatic conveying peanut device of the present invention
Peanut is poured into from loading hopper 2, air blast 3 starts air blast, the charging aperture 101 that is driven through of peanut wind-engaging enters and gathers materials in room 1, part floating dust is then eliminated by cyclone dust collectors 7, due to wind action, blade 103 starts to rotate, rotated by transmission device rotor driven 104, peanut is subject to the strike of rotor 104 and broken shell, enter in removal of impurities storehouse 4 subsequently, because cylinder 401 constantly rotates, peanut is constantly kicked up in cylinder 401, fall, further that peanut shell is broken, due to the effect of waterfog head 403, the mud that peanut carries and dust flow into urceolus 402 from the first through hole cylinder 401, and then drained by mudhole, peanut enters cylindric washer 5 by the other end of cylinder 401, discharge water in cylindric washer 5, peanut shell swims on the water surface, shelled peanut sinks to cylindric washer 5 end, Electric Machine Control support bar 504 launches, with make described screen cloth 501 deployable to be arranged in described cylindric washer 5 on cross section, described cylindric washer 5 is separated into two spaces, being separated of water back cover and peanut grain is being entered to realize peanut, when described support bar 504 shrinks, described screen cloth 501 draws in after collecting the shell of keeping afloat, the water that cylindric washer 5 is discharged is connected with waterfog head 403 by pipeline, namely the dry machine of the most laggard overbaking of peanut grain 6 through washing completes whole process.
Although embodiment of the present invention are open as above, it is not restricted to listed in description and embodiment utilization.It can be applied to various applicable the field of the invention completely.For those skilled in the art, can easily realize other amendment.Therefore do not deviating under the universal that claim and equivalency range limit, the present invention is not limited to specific details and illustrates here and the legend described.

Claims (6)

1. a Geldart-D particle peanut device, is characterized in that, comprising:
Gather materials room, and it is provided with charging aperture and discharging opening, the bottom of the room that gathers materials described in described discharging opening is arranged on, described in the gather materials charging aperture of room be communicated with loading hopper by pipeline, described loading hopper is provided with the air blast to described charging aperture air blast;
Removal of impurities storehouse, it is communicated with the described room of gathering materials, and described removal of impurities storehouse comprises:
Cylinder, its one end is communicated with described discharging opening, the barrel of described cylinder is provided with the flight of the other end movement making peanut to described cylinder, waterfog head is provided with in described cylinder, described waterfog head along axis location in described cylinder, the barrel of described cylinder is evenly covered with the first through hole, discharges to make water; And
Urceolus, it has the inner space holding described cylinder, and described urceolus arranges mudhole, discharges to make the water in described cylinder and impurity;
Wherein, the described room of gathering materials just is provided with blade to the position of described charging aperture, be provided with the rotor of an aluminum alloy materials in space lower than described blade in the described room that gathers materials, described blade is driven by wind-force and rotates, and described blade is connected with described rotor by drive apparatus;
Wherein, the surface of described rotor is provided with the second through hole of random distribution, and the diameter of described second through hole is 30-40mm, and the inwall of described second through hole is broached-tooth design.
2. Geldart-D particle peanut device as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that, also comprise cylindric washer, the entrance of described cylindric washer is connected with the other end of described cylinder, and described cylindric washer has the space be filled with water;
Wherein, described cylindric washer also comprises screen cloth, blasthole and osculum, described screen cloth is two, two described screen clothes are banded on the support bar that stretched by Electric Machine Control respectively, two described support bars are oppositely arranged on the barrel of described cylindric washer, with make described screen cloth deployable to be arranged in described cylindric washer on cross section, described cylindric washer is separated into two spaces, being separated of water back cover and peanut grain is being entered to realize peanut, when described support bar shrinks, described screen cloth draws in after collecting the shell of keeping afloat, described blasthole is connected with outside water supply pipe, described osculum is arranged on the bottom of described cylindric washer, be connected with described waterfog head by pipeline.
3. Geldart-D particle peanut device as claimed in claim 2, is characterized in that, the height of described osculum is higher than the height of described waterfog head.
4. Geldart-D particle peanut device as claimed in claim 3, it is characterized in that, the bottom of described cylindric washer is set to openable structure, and described Geldart-D particle peanut device also comprises dryer, and the entrance of described dryer is connected with the bottom of described cylindric washer.
5. Geldart-D particle peanut device as claimed in claim 4, it is characterized in that, the temperature of described dryer is 45-50 DEG C.
6. Geldart-D particle peanut device as claimed in claim 5, is characterized in that, described in gather materials between room and described loading hopper and be provided with cyclone dust collectors.
CN201510764191.3A 2015-11-11 2015-11-11 Geldart-D particle peanut device Active CN105251590B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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CN105251590B CN105251590B (en) 2017-12-08

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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107411113A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-12-01 重庆周义食品有限公司铁杆分公司 Peanut husking equipment
CN107899716A (en) * 2017-11-25 2018-04-13 防城港市润禾农林科技有限公司 A kind of lapping device for spices processing

Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW350224U (en) * 1998-01-05 1999-01-11 Huo-Shi Huang Screen apparatus for peanut husker
JP2007069206A (en) * 2005-08-12 2007-03-22 Takai Seisakusho:Kk Apparatus, system and method for grinding solid raw material in liquid
CN103284282A (en) * 2013-06-14 2013-09-11 天津市食新食异食品有限公司 Peanut kernel washing machine
CN203764547U (en) * 2014-04-11 2014-08-13 丹阳市正大油脂有限公司 Cleaning device of rapeseed
CN204194351U (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-03-11 安徽广美药业股份有限公司 The efficient medicine-washing machine of a kind of noise reduction
CN104785448A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-07-22 吉首大学 Peanut pneumatic conveying and separating device
CN204519231U (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-08-05 孟连傣御庄园农业科技开发有限公司 Peanut shelling screening energy-saving control device

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
TW350224U (en) * 1998-01-05 1999-01-11 Huo-Shi Huang Screen apparatus for peanut husker
JP2007069206A (en) * 2005-08-12 2007-03-22 Takai Seisakusho:Kk Apparatus, system and method for grinding solid raw material in liquid
CN103284282A (en) * 2013-06-14 2013-09-11 天津市食新食异食品有限公司 Peanut kernel washing machine
CN203764547U (en) * 2014-04-11 2014-08-13 丹阳市正大油脂有限公司 Cleaning device of rapeseed
CN204194351U (en) * 2014-11-03 2015-03-11 安徽广美药业股份有限公司 The efficient medicine-washing machine of a kind of noise reduction
CN204519231U (en) * 2015-01-13 2015-08-05 孟连傣御庄园农业科技开发有限公司 Peanut shelling screening energy-saving control device
CN104785448A (en) * 2015-04-21 2015-07-22 吉首大学 Peanut pneumatic conveying and separating device

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107411113A (en) * 2017-04-26 2017-12-01 重庆周义食品有限公司铁杆分公司 Peanut husking equipment
CN107899716A (en) * 2017-11-25 2018-04-13 防城港市润禾农林科技有限公司 A kind of lapping device for spices processing

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Effective date of registration: 20200117

Address after: 402368 170-25 Yongyi Road, Longshui Town, Dazu District, Chongqing

Patentee after: Chongqing changyihuibang Technology Development Co., Ltd

Address before: 530600, No. 27-6, Gan Gan street, Baishan Town, Mashan Town, Mashan County, the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Nanning

Patentee before: Wei Zhisheng

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Effective date of registration: 20200715

Address after: 221000 paoche street, Pizhou City, Xuzhou City, Jiangsu Province

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Address before: 402368 170-25 Yongyi Road, Longshui Town, Dazu District, Chongqing

Patentee before: Chongqing changyihuibang Technology Development Co.,Ltd.