CN105234673B - It is a kind of to realize the method that perforating bullet automatically press-fits - Google Patents

It is a kind of to realize the method that perforating bullet automatically press-fits Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105234673B
CN105234673B CN201510731732.2A CN201510731732A CN105234673B CN 105234673 B CN105234673 B CN 105234673B CN 201510731732 A CN201510731732 A CN 201510731732A CN 105234673 B CN105234673 B CN 105234673B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity liner
press
station
perforating bullet
manipulator
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510731732.2A
Other languages
Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105234673A (en
Inventor
杜明章
吴焕龙
向旭
陈瑞梁
程晏桥
贾良平
王门亮
赵世华
徐文海
严冬
Original Assignee
四川石油射孔器材有限责任公司
中国石油集团川庆钻探工程有限公司
江阴乐帕克自动化包装机械有限公司
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Application filed by 四川石油射孔器材有限责任公司, 中国石油集团川庆钻探工程有限公司, 江阴乐帕克自动化包装机械有限公司 filed Critical 四川石油射孔器材有限责任公司
Priority to CN201510731732.2A priority Critical patent/CN105234673B/en
Publication of CN105234673A publication Critical patent/CN105234673A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105234673B publication Critical patent/CN105234673B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/004Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/11Perforators; Permeators
    • E21B43/116Gun or shaped-charge perforators

Abstract

A kind of pressing method of perforating bullet is disclosed, the pressing method includes:A, cavity liner and body are placed at least two groups conveyer belts of full-automatic press-loading device, and cavity liner and body are sent to take-off location using conveyer belt;B, cavity liner and body are picked up respectively using the pick device of full-automatic press-loading device;C, the cavity liner and body of pickup are put into press, and be molded perforating bullet;D, the perforating bullet of shaping is placed on one of which conveyer belt, while repeat step B C, until the cavity liner and body on conveyer belt are all formed as perforating bullet;E, the perforating bullet using conveyer belt transmission shaping.By above-mentioned pressing method, press-fiting for full-automatic perforating bullet, the security and product quality stability for improve production efficiency, press-fiting process are realized.

Description

It is a kind of to realize the method that perforating bullet automatically press-fits
Technical field
The present invention relates to perforating bullet manufacture field, the method that perforating bullet automatically press-fits is realized more particularly to a kind of.
Background technology
Perforating bullet is the civil explosive material for penetrating sleeve pipe, communication oil gas and pit shaft in perforating oil gas well Completion Operations, it Including cavity liner, explosive and housing three parts, perforating bullet press-loading device is that the compacting of this three part is combined into perforating bullet product Equipment.
At present, the most of Semi-automatic device using Introduced From Abroad of domestic manufacturer of perforating bullet manufacturing firm is penetrated The manufacture of hole bullet, because technology develops the factors such as disperses force and involving explosives, compared with external perforating bullet production line is increasingly automated, Domestic press-loading device generally falls behind in automatization level, and technological gap is very big.Semi-automatic production constrains production effect Rate and product quality stability, and there is larger potential safety hazard due to being related to high explosive.
The content of the invention
It is an object of the invention to provide a kind of full-automatic press-loading device of perforating bullet, to realize the perforation of full-automation Bullet press-fits, improve production efficiency, the security for press-fiting process and product quality stability.
Embodiments in accordance with the present invention, there is provided a kind of full-automatic press-loading device, for automatically completing perforating bullet Press-fit, the full-automatic press-loading device includes:Frame;At least two groups conveyer belts, in frame, convey Types of Medicine respectively Cover with body and press-fit the perforating bullet of shaping;Pick device, in frame, for picking up at least two groups conveyer belts On cavity liner and body, the cavity liner and body of pickup are sent in press and are press-fited, and the perforation of shaping will be press-fited Bullet is put on one group of conveyer belt at least two groups conveyer belts;Control system, conveying and machine for controlling conveyer belt The action of tool arm device.
Preferably, every group of conveyer belt includes:Upper conveyor belt and lower conveyor belt, are fixed in frame in up and down alignment;Rise Drop conveyer belt, can in the plane residing for upper conveyor belt between the plane residing for lower conveyor belt lift, and can with it is upper Conveyer belt and lower conveyor belt are connected to carry out conveying operation, wherein, full-automatic press-loading device also includes driving lifting conveyer belt The cylinder and the axis of guide of lifting.
Preferably, full-automatic press-loading device also includes the panel being placed at least two groups conveyer belts, and Types of Medicine Cover and body are placed in panel.
Preferably, full-automatic press-loading device also includes clamping device, and lattice are clamped after conveyer belt reaches precalculated position Plate, positions with to panel.
Preferably, the clamping device includes that guardrail and driving guardrail positioned at conveyer belt both sides are clamped on conveyer belt The cylinder of panel.
Preferably, pick device includes:Temporary storage mechanism, is provided with multipair cavity liner station and body station;Multiple straight lines Moving cell, in frame;Cavity liner manipulator, can move with linear motion unit, to pick up the medicine on conveyer belt Cavity liner is simultaneously put into cavity liner station by type cover;Body manipulator, can move, with linear motion unit to pick up on conveyer belt Body and body is put into body station, and the perforating bullet of shaping can be put on conveyer belt, wherein, temporary storage mechanism can also In enough body feeding press that will be placed on the cavity liner on cavity liner station and body station, and can be by penetrating for being molded Hole bullet takes out from press.
Preferably, temporary storage mechanism includes:Rotary shaft, is driven by motor and is rotated;Four setter plates, in rotary shaft circumference It is uniformly arranged, and cavity liner station and body station is provided with each setter plate;Unit is given, by cavity liner station and bullet In cavity liner and body feeding press on body station, and the perforating bullet being molded is taken out from press.
Preferably, the unit sliding sleeve slided including slide rail, on slide rail and the clamping head for being fixed on sliding sleeve one end are given, The clamping head clamps cavity liner and body and the perforating bullet of shaping.
Preferably, linear motion unit includes horizontal linear motion unit, linear longitudinal movement unit and vertical straight line fortune Moving cell.
Preferably, linear motion unit includes servomotor, the ball-screw by servomotor driving and in ball-screw The slide unit of upper slip, cavity liner manipulator and body manipulator are fixed on slide unit.
Preferably, the temporary storage mechanism also includes the locating cover circle being placed on each cavity liner station, cavity liner machinery Hand captures cavity liner using locating cover circle, and both is put into cavity liner station together.
Preferably, whether full-automatic press-loading device also includes proximity transducer, for detecting cavity liner and body by just Precalculated position is really placed on, and corresponding signal is transmitted to control system.
Embodiments in accordance with the present invention, additionally provide a kind of pressing method of perforating bullet, and the pressing method includes:A, general Cavity liner and body are placed at least two groups conveyer belts of full-automatic press-loading device, and utilize conveyer belt by cavity liner and bullet Body is sent to take-off location;B, cavity liner and body are picked up respectively using the pick device of full-automatic press-loading device;C, will pick up The cavity liner and body for taking are put into press, and compressing perforating bullet;D, the perforating bullet of shaping is placed on one of which On conveyer belt, while repeat step B-C, until the cavity liner and body on conveyer belt are all formed as perforating bullet;E, utilization The perforating bullet of conveyer belt transmission shaping.
Preferably, step A is in particular and cavity liner and body is individually placed on two lower conveyor belts, and lower conveyor belt will Cavity liner and body are sent to and are on two lifting conveyer belts of sustained height with described two lower conveyor belts, and then lifting is passed Send band that cavity liner and body are sent into take-off location, in step D, be placed on the perforating bullet of shaping for passing by body manipulator Send on the lifting conveyer belt of body, the lifting conveyer belt that step E is in particular the perforating bullet by shaping is placed rises to and upload Band is sent to be in sustained height, then upper conveyor belt transmission perforating bullet.
Preferably, it is additionally included in step A after cavity liner and body arrival take-off location, is press-fited using full-automation and set Standby clamping device positioning cavity liner and body relative position on a moving belt.
Preferably, step B is in particular the cavity liner manipulator of pick device and cavity liner is grabbed the medicine of temporary storage mechanism Type cover station, and body is grabbed the body manipulator of pick device the body station of temporary storage mechanism.
Preferably, cavity liner manipulator is captured the locating cover circle on cavity liner station and then is grabbed using locating cover circle first Cavity liner is taken, locating cover circle and cavity liner are then put into cavity liner station together.
Preferably, step C is in particular temporary storage mechanism and is sent in press to enter together by cavity liner, locating cover circle and body Row press-fits.
Preferably, in stepb, after cavity liner and body are put into cavity liner station and body station respectively, make The rotary shaft of temporary storage mechanism and four setter plates are rotated by 90 °, and turn to the setter plate for being placed with cavity liner and body thereon and give Cavity liner and body are sent in press to give unit in step C at unit, while rotating to the setter plate of sky Cavity liner and the position of body for receiving cavity liner manipulator and the crawl of body manipulator.
Preferably, in step D, the unit of giving of temporary storage mechanism takes the perforating bullet of shaping and locating cover circle from press Go out, and perforating bullet is placed into former body station and locating cover circle is put back into former cavity liner station.
Preferably, the pressing method also detects whether cavity liner and body are in press using proximity transducer Precalculated position.Frame;At least two groups conveyer belts, in frame, convey the cavity liner and body for perforating bullet respectively And press-fit the perforating bullet of shaping;Pick device, in frame, for picking up the Types of Medicine at least two groups conveyer belts Cover and body, the cavity liner and body of pickup are sent in press and are press-fited, and will press-fit the perforating bullet of shaping and be put into institute State on one group of conveyer belt at least two groups conveyer belts;Control system, conveying and robot device for controlling conveyer belt Action.
By full-automatic press-loading device provided by the present invention and pressing method, can realize that perforating bullet press-fits it is complete from Dynamicization, efficiency and product quality stability are press-fited so as to improve, and are avoided in involving explosives high-risk operations operation artificial Input, reduces the probability of happening of human casualty accident, realizes safety in production.
Brief description of the drawings
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of press-loading device full-automatic according to an embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation at another visual angle of the full-automatic press-loading device in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the temporary storage mechanism shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 is that full-automatic press-loading device shown in Fig. 1 press-fits view;
Fig. 5 is the flow chart of pressing method according to an embodiment of the invention.
Specific embodiment
The embodiment of the present invention is described in detail now, its example is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, wherein, identical label All the time same parts are represented.
Referring to figs. 1 to Fig. 4, full-automatic press-loading device of the invention mainly includes frame 1, at least two groups transmission Band, pick device and control system.
Frame 1 can be made up of various steelframes etc., for supporting conveyer belt and pick device.
Full-automatic press-loading device can specifically include that two groups of conveyer belts are respectively transmitted the Types of Medicine for press-fiting perforating bullet Cover Y and body D, wherein body D is the combination of explosive and housing.The structure of every group of conveyer belt is identical, may each comprise upper conveyor belt 3rd, lower conveyor belt 2 and lifting conveyer belt 5, the alignment of this three's in the vertical direction, and lifting conveyer belt 5 can be in upper conveyor belt 3 Moved up and down between plane residing for residing plane and lower conveyor belt 2, and can be connected with upper conveyor belt 3 and lower conveyor belt 2, Article is continuously transmitted with upper conveyor belt 3 and lower conveyor belt 2.Therefore, full-automatic press-loading device also includes driving lifting to pass Send cylinder and the axis of guide 16 with 5 liftings.
Cavity liner Y and body D can be directly placed on respective conveyer belt, it is also possible to place Types of Medicine on a moving belt In cover panel 4 and body panel 17.Each panel can be in multiple cavity liners or body be placed, as shown in Figure 1 in array.Additionally, Upper conveyor belt 3 and lower conveyor belt 2 can have appropriate length, and multiple cavity liner panels 4 can be sequentially placed on lower conveyor belt 2 With body panel 17.
To be placed with after the panel of cavity liner and body is transported on lifting conveyer belt 5 in lower conveyor belt 2, in order to place Panel play during subsequent job, also can be set clamping device to position the position of cavity liner panel 4 and body panel 17. Specifically, clamping device may include to be located at the guardrail 15 of lifting conveyer belt 5 both sides, and drive guardrail 15 to clamp or unclamp each The cylinder (not shown) of panel.
Additionally, every group of conveyer belt can also only include a conveyer belt, the two conveyer belts are by cavity liner placed thereon Take-off location can be disposably sent to body, and can disposably be sent out after the perforating bullet for receiving shaping Come.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, pick device may include multiple linear motion units, be passed for capturing lifting Send the cavity liner manipulator 9 with the cavity liner Y on 5, the and of body manipulator 10 for capturing the body D on lifting conveyer belt 5 Temporary storage mechanism.Linear motion unit is arranged in frame 1, and cavity liner manipulator 9 and body manipulator 10 are arranged at straight line fortune On moving cell such that it is able to slided on linear motion unit and capture the cavity liner Y at each position and body D.Temporary storage machine Structure is settable multipair cavity liner station and body station, and can be by by 10 points of cavity liner manipulator 9 and body manipulator The cavity liner Y and body D that cavity liner station and body station Zhua Qu be put into are put into press 11, so as to complete in press 11 Into press-fiting for perforating bullet, after perforating bullet completes to press-fit, temporary storage mechanism can also take out perforating bullet from press 11, so as to Carry out follow-up conveying operation.
The concrete form of linear motion unit is more, for example, in the present embodiment, linear motion unit can be electric sliding Platform, can be the structures such as ball-screw or slide rail and slide unit.Specifically, linear motion unit may include servomotor, have servo Motor-driven ball-screw and the slide unit slided on ball-screw, and cavity liner manipulator 9 and body manipulator 10 are fixed On slide unit such that it is able to automatically linear slide.Multiple linear motion units, and these linear motion units can be combined Horizontal linear motion unit, linear longitudinal movement unit and vertical straight line moving cell can also be included so that the two machineries Hand can carry out multifreedom motion, such as side-to-side movement, move up and down, and move forward and backward.In addition, can also combine many Individual slide rail and slide unit so that two manipulators are able to carry out the operation for needing.
Specifically, as shown in figure 1, pick device may include horizontal slide rail (or horizontal linear motion unit) 6,12, longitudinal direction Slide rail (or linear longitudinal movement unit) 8, and upright slide rail (vertical straight line moving cell) 23,24.Horizontal slide rail 6,12 can It is arranged relative to each other in frame 1, longitudinal slide rail 8 can be slidably arranged in two horizontal slide rails 6,12, two vertically Slide rail 23,24 is arranged relative to each other in longitudinal slide rail 8, and two slide units are arranged on longitudinal slide rail 8 and close two upright slide rails 23rd, between 24, cavity liner manipulator 9 and body manipulator 10 are fixed on the both sides of slide unit, so that the two manipulators being capable of phase Slided for horizontal slide rail, longitudinal slide rail and upright slide rail, and then the cavity liner Y at each position and body D can be captured.
In two manipulator crawl cavity liner and bodies, two lattice are captured by the action of control system control machinery hand Cavity liner and body on plate at each position.
It should be noted that embodiments of the invention are not limited to above form, pick device can also be other structures, And the concrete structure and mounting means of linear motion unit can also be using other forms, as long as cavity liner machinery can be made Hand 9 and body manipulator 10 grab cavity liner Y and body D on conveyer belt, and are put on cavity liner station and body station .For example, pick device can be using the rotary machine hand that can be rotated around mount point, by the rotation for controlling rotary shaft Come the position that control machinery hand is captured.Manipulator can be also used except the specific constructive form shown in accompanying drawing, can also be adopted With various types of structures in the prior art.Linear motion unit can also be in the form of common mechanical guide and sliding block Deng.
The concrete form of the temporary storage mechanism of pick device may include rotary shaft 25, four peaces installed in the circumference of rotary shaft 25 Put plate 14 and give unit, as shown in Figure 3.Rotary shaft 25 can rotate under the driving of motor such that it is able to drive four Setter plate 14 is rotated.Four setter plates 14 are equably installed, and are arranged with cavity liner station and 14- in each setter plate 14 5 and body station 14-6, describes for convenience, the location of four setter plates can be referred to as into the first station 14-1, the successively Two station 14-2,3rd station 14-3 and the 4th station 14-4, station thereon are also sequentially named.Giving unit can be by The cavity liner and body being placed into setter plate 14 by manipulator are put into press.
Press-fit position to ensure that cavity liner can be precisely placed during subsequently press-fiting, temporary storage mechanism is also wrapped Locating cover circle 19 is included, the locating cover circle 19 is cylindrical, and be placed on each cavity liner station.Grabbed in cavity liner manipulator 9 When taking cavity liner Y, cavity liner manipulator 9 captures locating cover circle 19 first, and cavity liner is then captured using locating cover circle 19, will Cavity liner Y is clipped in locating cover circle 19, and locating cover circle 19 is put at former cavity liner station together with cavity liner Y.Afterwards, send Cavity liner Y, locating cover circle 19 and body are sent in press together to unit are press-fited.Specifically as shown in figure 4, press-fiting When, locating cover circle 19 is seated on the step of valve jacket 26 of press such that it is able to ensure that cavity liner Y aligns exactly with body D And press-fited, significantly improved by locating cover circle 19 and press-fit efficiency and precision, and can substantially reduced due to both not That aligns and be likely to result in press-fits accident.After cavity liner Y and body D alignment, the drift 25 of press just by cavity liner Y and Body D is press fit together, and forms perforating bullet.
Above-mentioned unit of giving may include slide rail 27, the sliding sleeve 7 that can be slided along slide rail 27 and one end for being fixed on slide unit 7 Clamping head 13.Specifically, slide rail 27 is longitudinally disposed, and slide rail 27 can be slided along upright guide rail 18, so that giving list Unit can move up and down, to facilitate feeding cavity liner Y and body D, that is to say, that clamping head 13 can carry out moving up and down and preceding After move.Sliding sleeve 7 has enough length such that it is able to which clamping head 13 is sent in press.Be can be set on clamping head 13 has Cavity liner clamps position and body clamping position, with clamping position cover circle 19 and cavity liner Y and body D respectively.Additionally, in perforating bullet After shaping, perforating bullet can also be clamped out by clamping head using body clamping position, carry out follow-up conveying.
In the present embodiment, there is provided four setter plates 14, therefore in follow-up crawl operation, rotary shaft 25 is revolved every time Turn 90, carry out accessing operation from the transposition of setter plate 14 can be made.Further, it is also possible to the setter plate 14 of other quantity is set, only Will continuously while realize accessing for the perforating bullet of feeding operation and the shaping of cavity liner and body.For example, can To set three setter plates, each rotary shaft rotates 120 degree of positions to substitute each setter plate.Certainly, in such case Under, giving unit can correspondingly adjust with the relative position of manipulator, to adapt to the quantity of setter plate.
In order to detect precalculated position or station that whether cavity liner Y, locating cover circle 19 and body D are in temporary storage mechanism, Full-automatic press-loading device also includes proximity transducer.For example, as shown in figure 4, proximity transducer 20 is used for detecting first Whether cavity liner is had at cavity liner station in setter plate at station 14-1, and proximity transducer 21 is used for detecting the second station Whether the body station in the setter plate at 14-2 has body, and proximity transducer 22 is used for detecting the Types of Medicine at the second station 14-2 Whether cover station has locating cover circle.If this three is in respective position, then clamping head 13 is just by the second station 14-2 Locating cover circle and cavity liner and body be sent in press, and cavity liner manipulator 9 is captured at the first station 14-1 Locating cover circle captures cavity liner, otherwise stops operation.
Embodiments in accordance with the present invention, additionally provide a kind of pressing method of perforating bullet, and the pressing method can use above-mentioned Full-automatic press-loading device carry out.
Reference picture 5, pressing method generally may include following steps:
S1, cavity liner Y and body D are placed at least two groups conveyer belts of full-automatic press-loading device, and using biography Send band that cavity liner Y and body D are sent into take-off location.
Specifically, manually cavity liner Y and body D can be individually placed on two lower conveyor belts 2 first, for example, can be respectively It is placed in cavity liner panel 4 and body panel 17.Then be sent on lifting conveyer belt 5 for both by lower conveyor belt 2, and arrival is picked up After fetch bit is put, clamping device can be manipulated, guardrail is clamped two panels positions it.
S2, cavity liner and body are picked up respectively using the pick device of full-automatic press-loading device.
S3, the cavity liner and body of pickup are put into press, and be molded perforating bullet.
S4, the perforating bullet of shaping is placed on one of which conveyer belt, while repeat step S2-S3, until conveyer belt On cavity liner and body be all formed as perforating bullet.
Control system control cavity liner manipulator 9 and body manipulator 10 are each since cavity liner panel 4 and body panel 17 Upper crawl cavity liner Y and body D.Additionally, in the case where locating cover circle 19 is provided with, cavity liner manipulator 9 can also first from medicine Type cover station (for example, the cavity liner station in setter plate at the first station 14-1) crawl locating cover circle 19 and then crawl is gone again The cavity liner Y of crawl, locating cover circle 19 and body D are respectively put into the first station 14-1 by cavity liner Y, right latter two manipulator Cavity liner station and body station.Wherein, during crawl, because two manipulators are mounted on same slide unit , can first capture one of them place go again crawl another place.
Control system control drives the cylinder action of rotary shaft 25, is rotated by 90 ° to order about rotary shaft 25, then disposes Plate 14 is rotated so that the setter plate for being placed with cavity liner Y and body D turns to the second station 14-2, and is in the 4th work originally The empty setter plate of position 14-4 turns to the first station 14-1 to receive next ripple cavity liner and body.Now pick device is temporary That deposits mechanism gives unit action, clamped using clamping head 13 cavity liner that has been at the second station 14-2 and body by it Put into press 11 and press-fited.Simultaneously, two manipulators continue to capture cavity liner and body is put into the first station In the setter plate vacated at 14-1.At this moment, press has completed to press-fit operation, and the clamping head for giving unit is again introduced into pressure The perforating bullet and locating cover that will be molded in machine 11 take out and they are individually positioned in into peace empty at the second station 14-2 Put the body station and cavity liner station on plate.At this moment manipulator has also completed crawl operation, and rotary shaft 25 is rotated further 90 Degree so that the setter plate that placed cavity liner, locating cover and body turns to the second station 14-2, and is placed with the peace of perforating bullet Put plate and turn to 3rd station 14-3 from the second station 14-2.Afterwards, using body manipulator by perforating bullet from 3rd station 14- 3 grab the position for putting body being available in the body panel 17 lifted on conveyer belt 5.
Above-mentioned flow is repeated afterwards, until the cavity liner and body in cavity liner panel 4 and body panel 17 are all molded It is perforating bullet, and the perforating bullet of shaping has all been crawled in body panel 17.
In addition, when press 11 is press-fited, the explosion proof door around press can be closed, to prevent during press-fiting There is blast and cause the generation of security incident.After press 11 completes to press-fit, then explosion proof door is opened, will using sending mechanism The perforating bullet of shaping takes out.
It is above-mentioned press-fit during, the action of each manipulator is controlled by control system, that is, control each linear motion single Unit acts to coordinate the grasping movement of manipulator.Meanwhile, each actuator such as cylinder etc. is also controlled, to control to give unit With the motion of rotary shaft etc., these elements are made consistently to complete to press-fit operation, it is to avoid interference.
It should be noted that in above-mentioned flow, some steps can be carried out sequentially can also be while carry out, as long as really The first station 14-1 after manipulator grabs cavity liner and body is protected to be available to place cavity liner and body, and Perforating bullet before the rotation of rotary shaft 25 on 3rd station 14-3 has also grabbed body panel 17 by body manipulator 10 On.For example, cavity liner and body can be captured first, rotary shaft 25 is then rotated further by, carries out press-fiting for perforating bullet, treat that press 11 is complete Into after press-fiting, give in the setter plate in the hole that the perforating bullet of shaping is taken out and be placed on the second station 14-2 by unit, turning Dynamic rotary shaft, perforating bullet is turned on 3rd station 14-3, and perforating bullet is put into body panel using body manipulator 10, Rotary shaft is rotated afterwards, reusing two manipulators carries out middle crawl operation, all of perforating bullet is completed until press-fiting.
S5, the perforating bullet using conveyer belt transmission shaping.
Specifically, press-fit and perforating bullet is all placed on (or the lifting transmission of body panel 17 completing all of perforating bullet Take) after, control system order liftable conveyer belt 5 is risen to the identical of upper conveyor belt 3 highly, and panel 17 will be played afterwards It is sent on upper conveyor belt 3, is then sent out by upper conveyor belt 3.
According to full-automatic press-loading device provided by the present invention and pressing method, perforating bullet can be fully automatically completed Press-fit, significantly improve and press-fit efficiency and product quality stability, and avoid and manually operate in operation process, also it is avoided that Security incident during press-fiting.
Although having shown that and describing some embodiments of the present invention, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that not taking off In the case of the principle of the invention and spirit that its scope is limited by claim and its equivalent, can be to these embodiments It is changed.

Claims (8)

  1. It is 1. a kind of to realize the method that perforating bullet automatically press-fits, it is characterised in that
    A, cavity liner and body are placed on two lower conveyor belts of full-automatic press-loading device, and using lower conveyor belt by medicine Type cover and body be sent to lower conveyor belt be in sustained height two lifting conveyer belts on, then using lift conveyer belt will Cavity liner and body are sent to take-off location;
    B, cavity liner and body are picked up respectively using the pick device of full-automatic press-loading device;
    C, the cavity liner and body of pickup are put into press, and be molded perforating bullet;
    The perforating bullet of shaping is placed on the lifting conveyer belt for transmitting body for D, body manipulator, while repeat step B- C, until the cavity liner and body on lifting conveyer belt are all formed as perforating bullet;
    E, the lifting conveyer belt of the perforating bullet for being molded placement rise to and are in sustained height with upper conveyor belt, then using upload Send band transmission perforating bullet.
  2. 2. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that cavity liner is additionally included in step A and body reaches pickup After position, using the relative position of the clamping device positioning cavity liner and body of full-automatic press-loading device on lifting conveyer belt Put.
  3. 3. method according to claim 1, it is characterised in that step B is in particular the cavity liner manipulator of pick device Cavity liner is grabbed the cavity liner station of temporary storage mechanism, and body is grabbed temporary storage machine by the body manipulator of pick device The body station of structure.
  4. 4. method according to claim 3, it is characterised in that cavity liner manipulator captures determining on cavity liner station first Then position cover circle captures cavity liner using locating cover circle, and locating cover circle and cavity liner are then put into cavity liner station together.
  5. 5. method according to claim 4, it is characterised in that step C is in particular temporary storage mechanism by cavity liner, locating cover Circle and body are press-fited in being sent to press together.
  6. 6. method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that in stepb, cavity liner and body are being put into medicine respectively After type cover station and body station, the rotary shaft of temporary storage mechanism and four setter plates are rotated by 90 °, make to be placed with Types of Medicine thereon The setter plate of cover and body turns to give, and cavity liner and body are sent into press to give unit in step C at unit In, while making the setter plate of sky rotate to cavity liner and body for receiving cavity liner manipulator and the crawl of body manipulator Position.
  7. 7. method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that in step D, the unit of giving of temporary storage mechanism will be molded Perforating bullet and locating cover circle take out from press, and perforating bullet are placed into former body station and locating cover circle is put back into active compound Type cover station.
  8. 8. method according to claim 5, it is characterised in that the pressing method is also detected using proximity transducer Whether cavity liner and body are in the precalculated position in press.
CN201510731732.2A 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 It is a kind of to realize the method that perforating bullet automatically press-fits CN105234673B (en)

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CN201510731732.2A CN105234673B (en) 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 It is a kind of to realize the method that perforating bullet automatically press-fits

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510731732.2A CN105234673B (en) 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 It is a kind of to realize the method that perforating bullet automatically press-fits

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CN105234673A CN105234673A (en) 2016-01-13
CN105234673B true CN105234673B (en) 2017-05-31

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CN107486693B (en) * 2017-06-30 2019-06-21 东莞华贝电子科技有限公司 Press system and its control method
CN110145976B (en) * 2019-05-27 2020-02-14 合肥海得智能科技有限公司 Explosion-proof automatic pressing assembly process for perforating bullet
CN110170819B (en) * 2019-06-20 2020-06-19 四川石油射孔器材有限责任公司 Automatic loading and unloading device for perforating bullet assembly

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CN104942579A (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-09-30 海宁众腾汽车密封件有限公司 Equipment for installing multistage magnetic encoder sealing ring and reverse gland on bearing

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CN101628335A (en) * 2009-05-11 2010-01-20 大连理工大学 Automatic spinning device of perforating bullet cumulative cover and forming method
CN202877858U (en) * 2012-10-16 2013-04-17 东莞市星彩晖电子科技有限公司 Full-automatic backlight front end assembling machine
CN103801930A (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-05-21 哈尔滨工业大学 Automatic assembly mechanism for perforating bullet
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