CN105234673A - Press fitting method for perforating bullets - Google Patents

Press fitting method for perforating bullets Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105234673A
CN105234673A CN201510731732.2A CN201510731732A CN105234673A CN 105234673 A CN105234673 A CN 105234673A CN 201510731732 A CN201510731732 A CN 201510731732A CN 105234673 A CN105234673 A CN 105234673A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cavity liner
press
station
perforating bullet
manipulator
Prior art date
Application number
CN201510731732.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Other versions
CN105234673B (en
Inventor
杜明章
吴焕龙
向旭
陈瑞梁
程晏桥
贾良平
王门亮
赵世华
徐文海
严冬
Original Assignee
四川石油射孔器材有限责任公司
中国石油集团川庆钻探工程有限公司
江阴乐帕克自动化包装机械有限公司
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Application filed by 四川石油射孔器材有限责任公司, 中国石油集团川庆钻探工程有限公司, 江阴乐帕克自动化包装机械有限公司 filed Critical 四川石油射孔器材有限责任公司
Priority to CN201510731732.2A priority Critical patent/CN105234673B/en
Publication of CN105234673A publication Critical patent/CN105234673A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN105234673B publication Critical patent/CN105234673B/en

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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23PMETAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR; COMBINED OPERATIONS; UNIVERSAL MACHINE TOOLS
    • B23P21/00Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control
    • B23P21/004Machines for assembling a multiplicity of different parts to compose units, with or without preceding or subsequent working of such parts, e.g. with programme control the units passing two or more work-stations whilst being composed
    • EFIXED CONSTRUCTIONS
    • E21EARTH DRILLING; MINING
    • E21BEARTH DRILLING, e.g. DEEP DRILLING; OBTAINING OIL, GAS, WATER, SOLUBLE OR MELTABLE MATERIALS OR A SLURRY OF MINERALS FROM WELLS
    • E21B43/00Methods or apparatus for obtaining oil, gas, water, soluble or meltable materials or a slurry of minerals from wells
    • E21B43/11Perforators; Permeators
    • E21B43/116Gun or shaped-charge perforators

Abstract

The invention discloses a press fitting method for perforating bullets. The press fitting method includes the steps that A, cartridge-shaped covers and bullet bodies are placed on at least two sets of conveyor belts of a full-automatic press fitting device and the cartridge-shaped covers and the bullet bodies are conveyed to the picking positions through the conveyor belts; B, the cartridge-shaped covers and the bullet bodies are picked through a picking device of the full-automatic press fitting device; C, the picked cartridge-shaped covers and bullet bodies are put in a press machine to form the perforating bullets; D, the formed perforating bullets are placed on one set of conveyor belts and the step B and the step C are repeated simultaneously till the cartridge-shaped covers and the bullet bodies on the conveyor belts are completely formed into the perforating bullets; and E, the formed perforating bullets are conveyed through the conveyor belts. By the adoption of the press fitting method, the full-automatic press fitting operation of the perforating bullets is achieved, and production efficiency, the safety of the press fitting process and the quality stability of products are improved.

Description

The pressing method of perforating bullet
Technical field
The present invention relates to perforating bullet and manufacture field, relate to a kind of pressing method for perforating bullet particularly.
Background technology
Perforating bullet is for penetrating sleeve pipe in perforating oil gas well Completion Operations, and link up the civil explosive material of oil gas and pit shaft, it comprises cavity liner, explosive and housing three parts, and perforating bullet press-loading device is the equipment compacting of this three part being combined into perforating bullet product.
At present, domestic manufacturer of perforating bullet manufacturing firm major part adopts the Semi-automatic device of Introduced From Abroad to carry out the manufacture of perforating bullet, due to factor such as technology development disperses force and involving explosives etc., compared with increasingly automated with external perforating bullet production line, domestic press-loading device general backwardness in automatization level, technological gap is very large.Semi-automatic production constrains production efficiency and constant product quality, and there is larger potential safety hazard owing to relating to high explosive.
Summary of the invention
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of full-automatic press-loading device of perforating bullet, to realize press-fiting of full-automatic perforating bullet, the security of process of enhancing productivity, press-fit and constant product quality.
According to embodiments of the invention, provide a kind of full-automatic press-loading device, for automatically completing press-fiting of perforating bullet, described full-automatic press-loading device comprises: frame; At least two group conveyer belts, are arranged in frame, carry cavity liner and body respectively and press-fit shaping perforating bullet; Pick device, be arranged in frame, cavity liner at least two group conveyer belts described in picking up and body, be sent to the cavity liner of pickup and body in press and press-fit, and by press-fit shaping perforating bullet be put into described on one group of conveyer belt at least two group conveyer belts; Control system, for the action of the conveying and robot device that control conveyer belt.
Preferably, often organize conveyer belt to include: upper conveyor belt and lower conveyor belt, be fixed in frame aligning the upper and lower; Lifting conveyer belt, can be elevated between the plane residing for the plane up and down conveyer belt residing for upper conveyor belt, and can be connected to carry out conveying operation with upper conveyor belt and lower conveyor belt, wherein, full-automatic press-loading device also comprises the cylinder and the axis of guide that drive the lifting of lifting conveyer belt.
Preferably, full-automatic press-loading device also comprise be placed on described in lattice plate at least two group conveyer belts, and cavity liner and body are placed on lattice plate.
Preferably, full-automatic press-loading device also comprises clamping device, clamps lattice plate, position with plaid matching plate after conveyer belt arrives precalculated position.
Preferably, described clamping device comprises the guardrail being positioned at conveyer belt both sides and the cylinder driving the lattice plate on guardrail clamping conveyer belt.
Preferably, pick device comprises: temporary storage mechanism, is provided with multipair cavity liner station and body station; Multiple linear motion unit, is arranged in frame; Cavity liner manipulator, can move with linear motion unit, cavity liner is put into cavity liner station with the cavity liner picked up on conveyer belt; Body manipulator, can move with linear motion unit, body is put into body station with the body picked up on conveyer belt, and shaping perforating bullet can be put on conveyer belt, wherein, body on the cavity liner be placed on cavity liner station and body station can also be sent in press by temporary storage mechanism, and shaping perforating bullet can be taken out from press.
Preferably, temporary storage mechanism comprises: rotating shaft, is driven rotate by motor; Settle plate for four, evenly arrange in rotating shaft circumference, and each arrangement plate is provided with cavity liner station and body station; Give unit, the cavity liner on cavity liner station and body station and body are sent in press, and shaping perforating bullet is taken out from press.
Preferably, give unit and comprise slide rail, the sliding sleeve that slide rail slides and be fixed on the clamping head of sliding sleeve one end, described clamping head clamping cavity liner and body and shaping perforating bullet.
Preferably, linear motion unit comprises horizontal linear motion unit, linear longitudinal movement unit and vertical linear motion unit.
Preferably, linear motion unit comprises servomotor, by the ball-screw of driven by servomotor and the slide unit that slides on ball-screw, cavity liner manipulator and body manipulator are fixed on slide unit.
Preferably, described temporary storage mechanism also comprises the locating cover circle be placed on each cavity liner station, and cavity liner manipulator utilizes locating cover circle to capture cavity liner, and both is put into cavity liner station together.
Preferably, full-automatic press-loading device also comprises proximity transducer, is used for detecting cavity liner and body and whether is properly placed on precalculated position, and transmit corresponding signal to control system.
According to embodiments of the invention, additionally provide a kind of pressing method of perforating bullet, described pressing method comprises: A, cavity liner and body are placed at least two group conveyer belts of full-automatic press-loading device, and utilizes conveyer belt that cavity liner and body are sent to take-off location; B, the pick device of full-automatic press-loading device is utilized to pick up cavity liner and body respectively; C, the cavity liner of pickup and body to be put in press, and compressing perforating bullet; D, shaping perforating bullet to be placed on wherein on one group of conveyer belt, to repeat step B-C simultaneously, until cavity liner on conveyer belt and body are all formed as perforating bullet; E, conveyer belt is utilized to transmit shaping perforating bullet.
Preferably, steps A is in particular and is placed on two lower conveyor belts respectively by cavity liner and body, and cavity liner and body are sent to and are on two lifting conveyer belts of sustained height with described two lower conveyor belts by lower conveyor belt, then be elevated conveyer belt and cavity liner and body are sent to take-off location, in step D, shaping perforating bullet is placed on the lifting conveyer belt for transmitting body by body manipulator, step e is in particular the lifting conveyer belt placing shaping perforating bullet to rise to and is in sustained height with upper conveyor belt, and then upper conveyor belt transmits perforating bullet.
Preferably, after being also included in cavity liner and body arrival take-off location in steps A, utilize clamping device location cavity liner and the body relative position on a moving belt of full-automatic press-loading device.
Preferably, cavity liner is grabbed the cavity liner station of temporary storage mechanism by the cavity liner manipulator that step B is in particular pick device, and body is grabbed the body station of temporary storage mechanism by the body manipulator of pick device.
Preferably, then the cavity liner manipulator locating cover circle first captured on cavity liner station utilizes locating cover circle to capture cavity liner, then locating cover circle is put into cavity liner station together with cavity liner.
Preferably, step C is in particular temporary storage mechanism cavity liner, locating cover circle is sent in press and is press-fited together with body.
Preferably, in stepb, after cavity liner and body are put into cavity liner station and body station respectively, make rotating shaft and four arrangement plate 90-degree rotations of temporary storage mechanism, the arrangement plate it being placed with cavity liner and body being turned to give unit to be sentenced in step C, just give unit cavity liner and body are sent in press, making empty arrangement plate rotate to position for receiving cavity liner that cavity liner manipulator and body manipulator capture and body simultaneously.
Preferably, in step D, shaping perforating bullet and locating cover circle take out by the unit of giving of temporary storage mechanism from press, and perforating bullet are placed into former body station and locating cover circle is put back into former cavity liner station.
Preferably, described pressing method also comprises and utilizes proximity transducer to detect cavity liner and body whether to be in precalculated position in press.Frame; At least two group conveyer belts, are arranged in frame, and conveying is used for cavity liner and the body of perforating bullet and press-fits shaping perforating bullet respectively; Pick device, be arranged in frame, cavity liner at least two group conveyer belts described in picking up and body, be sent to the cavity liner of pickup and body in press and press-fit, and by press-fit shaping perforating bullet be put into described on one group of conveyer belt at least two group conveyer belts; Control system, for the action of the conveying and robot device that control conveyer belt.
By full-automatic press-loading device provided by the present invention and pressing method, the full-automation that perforating bullet press-fits can be realized, thus improve and press-fit efficiency and constant product quality, and in involving explosives high-risk operations operation, avoid artificial input, reduce the probability of happening of human casualty accident, realize safety in production.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the structural representation of full-automatic according to an embodiment of the invention press-loading device;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation at another visual angle of full-automatic press-loading device in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of the temporary storage mechanism shown in Fig. 1;
Fig. 4 be the full-automatic press-loading device shown in Fig. 1 press-fit view;
Fig. 5 is the flow chart of pressing method according to an embodiment of the invention.
Detailed description of the invention
Be described in detail the embodiment of the present invention now, its example is illustrated in the accompanying drawings, and wherein, identical label represents same parts all the time.
Referring to figs. 1 through Fig. 4, full-automatic press-loading device according to the present invention mainly comprises frame 1, at least two group conveyer belt, pick device and control system.
Frame 1 can be made up of various steelframes etc., for supporting conveyer belt and pick device.
Full-automatic press-loading device can comprise two groups of conveyer belts particularly and transmit cavity liner Y for press-fiting perforating bullet and body D respectively, and wherein body D is the combination of explosive and housing.The structure often organizing conveyer belt is identical, all can comprise upper conveyor belt 3, lower conveyor belt 2 and lifting conveyer belt 5, this three's in the vertical direction aligns, and lifting conveyer belt 5 can move up and down between the plane residing for the plane residing for upper conveyor belt 3 and lower conveyor belt 2, and can be connected with upper conveyor belt 3 and lower conveyor belt 2, to transmit article continuously with upper conveyor belt 3 and lower conveyor belt 2.For this reason, full-automatic press-loading device also comprises the cylinder and the axis of guide 16 that drive lifting conveyer belt 5 to be elevated.
Cavity liner Y and body D can directly be placed on respective conveyer belt, also can place on cavity liner lattice plate 4 on a moving belt and body lattice plate 17.Each lattice plate can be place multiple cavity liner or body in array, as shown in Figure 1.In addition, upper conveyor belt 3 and lower conveyor belt 2 can have suitable length, and lower conveyor belt 2 can be placed with multiple cavity liner lattice plate 4 and body lattice plate 17 successively.
After the lattice plate being placed with cavity liner and body is transported on lifting conveyer belt 5 by lower conveyor belt 2, in order to place lattice plate play in subsequent job process, clamping device also can be set to locate the position of cavity liner lattice plate 4 and body lattice plate 17.Particularly, clamping device can comprise the guardrail 15 being positioned at lifting conveyer belt 5 both sides, and drives guardrail 15 clamp or unclamp the cylinder (not shown) of each lattice plate.
In addition, often organize conveyer belt and also only can comprise a conveyer belt, cavity liner placed thereon and body can be sent to take-off location by these two conveyer belts once, and can send out once after receiving shaping perforating bullet.
In a preferred embodiment of the invention, pick device can comprise multiple linear motion unit, for capture the cavity liner Y on lifting conveyer belt 5 cavity liner manipulator 9, for capturing the body manipulator 10 of body D on lifting conveyer belt 5 and temporary storage mechanism.Linear motion unit is arranged in frame 1, and cavity liner manipulator 9 and body manipulator 10 are all arranged on linear motion unit, thus can slide on linear motion unit and capture cavity liner Y and the body D of each position.Temporary storage mechanism can be provided with multipair cavity liner station and body station, and can put in press 11 by being captured respectively by cavity liner manipulator 9 and body manipulator 10 the cavity liner Y that is put into cavity liner station and body station and body D, thus press-fiting of perforating bullet is completed in press 11, after perforating bullet completes and press-fits, perforating bullet can also take out by temporary storage mechanism from press 11, to carry out follow-up conveying operation.
The concrete form of linear motion unit is more, and such as, in the present embodiment, linear motion unit can be electronic slide unit, can be ball-screw or the structure such as slide rail and slide unit.Particularly, the slide unit that linear motion unit can comprise servomotor, have the ball-screw of driven by servomotor and slide on ball-screw, and cavity liner manipulator 9 and body manipulator 10 are fixed on slide unit, thus can automatically linear slide.Can combine multiple linear motion unit, and these linear motion units can also comprise horizontal linear motion unit, linear longitudinal movement unit and vertical linear motion unit, these two manipulators are made to carry out multifreedom motion, such as side-to-side movement, moves up and down, and seesaws.In addition, multiple slide rail and slide unit can also be combined, make two manipulators can perform the operation of needs.
Particularly, as shown in Figure 1, pick device can comprise horizontal slide rail (or horizontal linear motion unit) 6,12, longitudinal slide rail (or linear longitudinal movement unit) 8, and upright slide rail (vertical linear motion unit) 23,24.Horizontal slide rail 6,12 can be arranged in frame 1 relative to one another, longitudinal slide rail 8 can be slidably arranged on two horizontal slide rails 6,12, two upright slide rails 23,24 are arranged on longitudinal slide rail 8 relative to one another, and two slide units are arranged on longitudinal slide rail 8 closes between two upright slide rails 23,24, cavity liner manipulator 9 and body manipulator 10 are fixed on the both sides of slide unit, thus these two manipulators can slide relative to horizontal slide rail, longitudinal slide rail and upright slide rail, and then cavity liner Y and the body D of each position can be captured.
When two gripper of manipulators get cavity liner and body, captured cavity liner and the body of each position on two lattice plates by the action of control system control manipulator.
It should be noted that, embodiments of the invention are not limited to above form, pick device can also be other structures, and the concrete structure of linear motion unit and mounting means also can adopt other form, as long as cavity liner manipulator 9 and body manipulator 10 can be made to grab cavity liner Y on conveyer belt and body D, and be put on cavity liner station and body station.Such as, pick device can adopt the rotary machine hand that can rotate around mounting points, controls by controlling the rotation of rotating shaft the position that manipulator captures.Manipulator also can adopt except the specific constructive form shown in accompanying drawing, also can adopt various types of structure in prior art.Linear motion unit can also adopt common mechanical guide and the form etc. of slide block.
The concrete form of the temporary storage mechanism of pick device can comprise rotating shaft 25, is arranged on four of rotating shaft 25 circumference arrangement plates 14 and gives unit, as shown in Figure 3.Rotating shaft 25 can rotate under the driving of motor, thus four can be driven to settle plate 14 to rotate.Plate 14 is settled to install equably for four, and on each arrangement plate 14, be all furnished with cavity liner station and 14-5 and body station 14-6, for convenience of description, can the position residing for plate be settled to be called the first station 14-1, the second station 14-2, the 3rd station 14-3 and the 4th station 14-4 by four successively, the station on it be also sequentially named.Giving unit can settle the cavity liner on plate 14 and body to put in press by being placed into by manipulator.
In order to follow-up press-fit in process guarantee that cavity liner can be precisely placed and press-fit position, temporary storage mechanism also comprises locating cover circle 19, and this locating cover circle 19 cylindrically, and is placed on each cavity liner station.When cavity liner manipulator 9 captures cavity liner Y, first cavity liner manipulator 9 captures locating cover circle 19, then utilize locating cover circle 19 to capture cavity liner, cavity liner Y is clipped in locating cover circle 19, and locating cover circle 19 is put into together with cavity liner Y former cavity liner station place.Afterwards, give unit cavity liner Y, locating cover circle 19 are delivered in press and press-fited together with body.Specifically as shown in Figure 4, when press-fiting, locating cover circle 19 is seated on the step of valve jacket 26 of press, thus can guarantee that cavity liner Y aligns exactly with body D and press-fits, significantly improved by locating cover circle 19 and press-fit efficiency and precision, and can significantly reduce due to both unjustified and likely cause press-fit accident.After cavity liner Y and body D align, together with cavity liner Y is just fitted in body D by the drift 25 of press, form perforating bullet.
Above-mentioned unit of giving can comprise slide rail 27, the sliding sleeve 7 that can slide along slide rail 27 and the clamping head 13 of one end being fixed on slide unit 7.Particularly, slide rail 27 is longitudinally arranged, and slide rail 27 can slide along upright guide rail 18, thus makes to give unit and can move up and down, and send into cavity liner Y and body D to facilitate, that is, clamping head 13 can carry out moving up and down and seesawing.Sliding sleeve 7 has enough length, thus clamping head 13 can be sent in press.Clamping head 13 can be provided with cavity liner clamping position and body clamping position, with difference clamping position cover circle 19 and cavity liner Y and body D.In addition, after perforating bullet is shaping, clamping head can also utilize body to clamp position and clamp out by perforating bullet, carries out follow-up conveying.
In the present embodiment, be provided with four and settle plate 14, therefore in follow-up crawl operation, rotating shaft 25 rotates 90 at every turn, carries out accessing operation from making arrangement plate 14 transposition.In addition, the arrangement plate 14 of other quantity can also be set, as long as the feeding operation of cavity liner and body and accessing of shaping perforating bullet can be realized continuously simultaneously.Such as, can arrange three and settle plate, each rotating shaft rotates 120 degree, substitutes the position that each settles plate.Certainly, in this case, the relative position giving unit and manipulator can correspondingly adjust, to adapt to the quantity of settling plate.
Whether be in precalculated position in temporary storage mechanism or station to detect cavity liner Y, locating cover circle 19 and body D, full-automatic press-loading device also includes proximity transducer.Such as, as shown in Figure 4, whether proximity transducer 20 is used for detecting cavity liner station place on the arrangement plate at the first station 14-1 place has cavity liner, whether the body station that proximity transducer 21 is used on the arrangement plate at detection second station 14-2 place has body, and whether proximity transducer 22 is used for the cavity liner station at detection second station 14-2 place locating cover circle.If this three is in respective position, so the locating cover circle at the second station 14-2 place and cavity liner and body are just sent in press by clamping head 13, and cavity liner manipulator 9 captures the locating cover circle at the first station 14-1 place to capture cavity liner, otherwise stops operation.
According to embodiments of the invention, additionally provide a kind of pressing method of perforating bullet, this pressing method can adopt above-mentioned full-automatic press-loading device to carry out.
With reference to Fig. 5, pressing method can comprise the following steps substantially:
S1, is placed on cavity liner Y and body D at least two group conveyer belts of full-automatic press-loading device, and utilizes conveyer belt that cavity liner Y and body D is sent to take-off location.
Particularly, first can manually cavity liner Y and body D be placed on two lower conveyor belts 2 respectively, such as, can be placed on respectively on cavity liner lattice plate 4 and body lattice plate 17.Then both are sent on lifting conveyer belt 5 by lower conveyor belt 2, after arriving take-off location, can handle clamping device, make guardrail clamp two lattice plates and make it locate.
S2, the pick device of full-automatic press-loading device is utilized to pick up cavity liner and body respectively.
S3, the cavity liner of pickup and body to be put in press, and shaping perforating bullet.
S4, shaping perforating bullet to be placed on wherein on one group of conveyer belt, to repeat step S2-S3 simultaneously, until cavity liner on conveyer belt and body are all formed as perforating bullet.
Control system controls cavity liner manipulator 9 and body manipulator 10 respectively captures cavity liner Y and body D on cavity liner lattice plate 4 and body lattice plate 17.In addition, when being provided with locating cover circle 19, cavity liner manipulator 9 also can first from cavity liner station (such as, cavity liner station on the arrangement plate at the first station 14-1 place) capture locating cover circle 19 and then go to capture cavity liner Y, so the cavity liner Y of crawl, locating cover circle 19 and body D are respectively put into cavity liner station and the body station of the first station 14-1 by latter two manipulator.Wherein, capture process in, because two manipulators are mounted on same slide unit, can first capture one of them place go again capture another one place.
Control system controls the cylinder action driving rotating shaft 25, to order about rotating shaft 25 90-degree rotation, then plate 14 is settled to rotate, make the arrangement plate being placed with cavity liner Y and body D turn to the second station 14-2, and the arrangement plate being originally in the sky of the 4th station 14-4 turn to the first station 14-1 to receive next ripple cavity liner and body.Now pick device temporary storage mechanism give unit action, utilize clamping head 13 to clamp to be in the cavity liner at the second station 14-2 place and body they to be put in press 11 and press-fit.Simultaneously, two manipulators continue to capture cavity liners and body and are put on the arrangement plate vacated at the first station 14-1 place.At this moment, press has completed and has press-fited operation, and the clamping head giving unit again enters in press 11 and shaping perforating bullet and locating cover taken out and the body station they be placed on respectively on the empty arrangement plate in the second station 14-2 place and cavity liner station.At this moment manipulator has also completed crawl operation, rotating shaft 25 is rotated further 90 degree, make the arrangement plate that placed cavity liner, locating cover and body turn to the second station 14-2, and the arrangement plate being placed with perforating bullet turn to the 3rd station 14-3 from the second station 14-2.Afterwards, the position of putting body that has been available on the body lattice plate 17 utilizing body manipulator to be grabbed by perforating bullet lifting conveyer belt 5 from the 3rd station 14-3.
Repeat above-mentioned flow process afterwards, until cavity liner on cavity liner lattice plate 4 and body lattice plate 17 and body all molded be perforating bullet, and shaping perforating bullet is all crawled has arrived on body lattice plate 17.
In addition, when press 11 press-fits, the explosion proof door around press can cut out, to prevent the generation causing security incident press-fiting appearance blast in process.After press 11 completes and press-fits, then open explosion proof door, utilize sending mechanism to be taken out by shaping perforating bullet.
Press-fit in process above-mentioned, controlled the action of each manipulator by control system, namely control the action of each linear motion unit to coordinate the grasping movement of manipulator.Meanwhile, also control each actuator such as cylinder etc., to control the motion of giving unit and rotating shaft etc., these elements are completed consistently and press-fits operation, avoid interference.
It should be noted that, in above-mentioned flow process, some steps can sequentially carry out also can carrying out simultaneously, as long as guarantee that the first station 14-1 has been available to place cavity liner and body after gripper of manipulator gets cavity liner and body, and the perforating bullet before rotating shaft 25 rotates on the 3rd station 14-3 has also been grabbed on body lattice plate 17 by body manipulator 10.Such as, can first capture cavity liner and body, and then rotate rotating shaft 25, carry out press-fiting of perforating bullet, after treating that press 11 completes and press-fits, give unit shaping perforating bullet is taken out and is placed on the arrangement plate in the hole on the second station 14-2, at rotation rotating shaft, perforating bullet is turned on the 3rd station 14-3, body manipulator 10 is utilized to be put into by perforating bullet on body lattice plate, rotate rotating shaft afterwards, again utilize two manipulators to carry out middle crawl operation, until press-fited all perforating bullets.
S5, conveyer belt is utilized to transmit shaping perforating bullet.
Particularly, after completing all perforating bullets and press-fit and perforating bullet being all placed on body lattice plate 17 (or on lifting conveyer belt), control system order liftable conveyer belt 5 rises to the height identical with upper conveyor belt 3, afterwards bullet lattice plate 17 is sent on upper conveyor belt 3, is then sent by upper conveyor belt 3.
According to full-automatic press-loading device provided by the present invention and pressing method, can fully automatically complete press-fiting of perforating bullet, significantly improve and press-fit efficiency and constant product quality, and avoid manual operation in operation process, also just avoid the security incident press-fited in process.
Although illustrate and describe some embodiments of the present invention, it should be appreciated by those skilled in the art that when not departing from by the principle of the present invention of claim and its scope of equivalents thereof and spirit, can change these embodiments.

Claims (9)

1. a pressing method for perforating bullet, is characterized in that,
A, cavity liner and body to be placed at least two group conveyer belts of full-automatic press-loading device, and to utilize conveyer belt that cavity liner and body are sent to take-off location;
B, the pick device of full-automatic press-loading device is utilized to pick up cavity liner and body respectively;
C, the cavity liner of pickup and body to be put in press, and shaping perforating bullet;
D, shaping perforating bullet to be placed on wherein on one group of conveyer belt, to repeat step B-C simultaneously, until cavity liner on conveyer belt and body are all formed as perforating bullet;
E, conveyer belt is utilized to transmit shaping perforating bullet.
2. pressing method according to claim 1, is characterized in that,
Steps A is in particular and is placed on two lower conveyor belts respectively by cavity liner and body, and cavity liner and body are sent to and are on two lifting conveyer belts of sustained height with described two lower conveyor belts by lower conveyor belt, then be elevated conveyer belt and cavity liner and body are sent to take-off location
In step D, shaping perforating bullet is placed on the lifting conveyer belt for transmitting body by body manipulator,
Step e is in particular the lifting conveyer belt placing shaping perforating bullet to rise to and is in sustained height with upper conveyor belt, and then upper conveyor belt transmits perforating bullet.
3. pressing method according to claim 1, is characterized in that, after being also included in cavity liner and body arrival take-off location, utilizes clamping device location cavity liner and the body relative position on a moving belt of full-automatic press-loading device in steps A.
4. pressing method according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, cavity liner is grabbed the cavity liner station of temporary storage mechanism by the cavity liner manipulator that step B is in particular pick device, and body is grabbed the body station of temporary storage mechanism by the body manipulator of pick device.
5. pressing method according to claim 4, is characterized in that, then the cavity liner manipulator locating cover circle first captured on cavity liner station utilizes locating cover circle to capture cavity liner, then locating cover circle is put into cavity liner station together with cavity liner.
6. pressing method according to claim 5, is characterized in that, step C is in particular temporary storage mechanism and cavity liner, locating cover circle are sent in press and are press-fited together with body.
7. pressing method according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, in stepb, after cavity liner and body are put into cavity liner station and body station respectively, make rotating shaft and four arrangement plate 90-degree rotations of temporary storage mechanism, the arrangement plate it being placed with cavity liner and body being turned to give unit to be sentenced in step C, just give unit cavity liner and body are sent in press, making empty arrangement plate rotate to position for receiving cavity liner that cavity liner manipulator and body manipulator capture and body simultaneously.
8. pressing method according to claim 6, it is characterized in that, in step D, shaping perforating bullet and locating cover circle take out by the unit of giving of temporary storage mechanism from press, and perforating bullet are placed into former body station and locating cover circle is put back into former cavity liner station.
9. pressing method according to claim 6, is characterized in that, described pressing method also comprises and utilizes proximity transducer to detect cavity liner and body whether to be in precalculated position in press.
CN201510731732.2A 2015-10-30 2015-10-30 It is a kind of to realize the method that perforating bullet automatically press-fits CN105234673B (en)

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CN105234673B CN105234673B (en) 2017-05-31

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Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107486693A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-12-19 东莞华贝电子科技有限公司 Press system and its control method
CN110145976A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-08-20 合肥海得智能科技有限公司 A kind of explosion-proof automatic compacting mounting technology of perforating bullet
CN110170819A (en) * 2019-06-20 2019-08-27 四川石油射孔器材有限责任公司 A kind of automatic loading and unloading device for perforating bullet assembly

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CN103801930A (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-05-21 哈尔滨工业大学 Automatic assembly mechanism for perforating bullet
CN104807380A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-07-29 西安物华巨能爆破器材有限责任公司 Cartridge shape cover adsorption perforating bullet press-fitting device and press-fitting method
CN104942579A (en) * 2015-06-05 2015-09-30 海宁众腾汽车密封件有限公司 Equipment for installing multistage magnetic encoder sealing ring and reverse gland on bearing

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CN101628335A (en) * 2009-05-11 2010-01-20 大连理工大学 Automatic spinning device of perforating bullet cumulative cover and forming method
WO2014044006A1 (en) * 2012-09-18 2014-03-27 长春轨道客车股份有限公司 Layout structure and assembly method for bogie flexible production line
CN202877858U (en) * 2012-10-16 2013-04-17 东莞市星彩晖电子科技有限公司 Full-automatic backlight front end assembling machine
CN103801930A (en) * 2014-03-04 2014-05-21 哈尔滨工业大学 Automatic assembly mechanism for perforating bullet
CN104807380A (en) * 2015-05-08 2015-07-29 西安物华巨能爆破器材有限责任公司 Cartridge shape cover adsorption perforating bullet press-fitting device and press-fitting method
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* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107486693A (en) * 2017-06-30 2017-12-19 东莞华贝电子科技有限公司 Press system and its control method
CN107486693B (en) * 2017-06-30 2019-06-21 东莞华贝电子科技有限公司 Press system and its control method
CN110145976A (en) * 2019-05-27 2019-08-20 合肥海得智能科技有限公司 A kind of explosion-proof automatic compacting mounting technology of perforating bullet
CN110170819A (en) * 2019-06-20 2019-08-27 四川石油射孔器材有限责任公司 A kind of automatic loading and unloading device for perforating bullet assembly
CN110170819B (en) * 2019-06-20 2020-06-19 四川石油射孔器材有限责任公司 Automatic loading and unloading device for perforating bullet assembly

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