CN105178339A - Spray-sowing slope protection structure for steep rock side slope - Google Patents

Spray-sowing slope protection structure for steep rock side slope Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105178339A
CN105178339A CN201510527355.0A CN201510527355A CN105178339A CN 105178339 A CN105178339 A CN 105178339A CN 201510527355 A CN201510527355 A CN 201510527355A CN 105178339 A CN105178339 A CN 105178339A
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China
Prior art keywords
slope
planting
carded sliver
plant
spray
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Pending
Application number
CN201510527355.0A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈效星
岳鹏飞
邓建义
陈则连
杨永杰
金风清
张亚峰
祁智斌
朱云
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China Railway Third Survey and Design Institute Group Ltd
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China Railway Third Survey and Design Institute Group Ltd
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Priority to CN201510527355.0A priority Critical patent/CN105178339A/en
Publication of CN105178339A publication Critical patent/CN105178339A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Abstract

The invention discloses a spray-sowing slope protection structure for a steep rock side slope. The spray-sowing slope protection structure is composed of a supporting reinforcing assembly and planting matrix, wherein the supporting reinforcing assembly comprises a galvanized iron wire mesh, planting strips, an active protective net and an anchor rod; the galvanized iron wire mesh is suspended on the slope surface of a side slope; the planting strips are long-strip bags which are sewn by non-woven fabrics, and planting soil mixed with a fertilizer are contained in the long-strip bags; the long-strip bags are alternated and horizontally arranged along the slope surface, and are tied on the galvanized iron wire mesh by iron wires; the active protective net is laid and suspended outside the planting strips; and the active protective net is fixed on the slope surface by virtue of the anchor rod. The planting matrix is a mixture of soil, organic substances, a binder, a fertilizer, a water-retaining agent, a PH regulator and plant seeds, is prepared by uniformly stirring the mixture, and is sprayed on the slope surface with the planting strips; and the planting matrix is 10 cm thick. A setting method for the slope protection structure comprises the following steps: renovating the slope surface, laying and hanging the galvanized iron wire mesh, laying the planting strips, laying and suspending the active protective net, and spraying the planting matrix. According to the spray-sowing slope protection structure, a side slope reinforcement and protection technology and a green protection technology are organically combined together to achieve the effects of preventing rockfall, guaranteeing side slope stability, afforestation and environmental protection.

Description

A kind of spray sowing protective slope structure for precipitous rock side slope
Technical field
The present invention relates to side slope protection technology, particularly the plant growing protection slope guard technology of rock side slope.
Background technology
At present, along with China is to the pay attention to day by day of environmental issue, side slope protection has been protected by traditional bricklaying and has developed to ecological protection, spray sowing is as a kind of novel Technology of Slope Protection by Vegetation, the renovating effect good because of it and fast quick-recovery afforestation ecological environment, and the advantage such as easy construction, reinforcement measure economical rationality and being used widely.Described mixed grass spraying is for foundation with engineering mechanics and biology, utilize soil moved in improve the original blending adhesive and bolt anchorage paving iron wire hanging net technology, be ejected on scar after using special spray mixed machinery to be added water by the mixed dry materials such as soil, fertilizer, organic substance, water-keeping material, binding material, vegetable seeds, form the hardenite with continuous gap.Vegetable seeds can be taken root, germinates, is grown in space, and sclerosis to a certain degree can prevent rain drop erosion, thus reaches the object recovered vegetation, improve view, protection of the environment.
But according to the requirement of " railway bed design specifications " (TB10001-2005), not suddenly in 1:0.75, and in Practical Project, there is rock side slope ratio of slope suddenly in 1:0.75 in the slope gradient of spray sowing, even reaches the situation of 1:0.3.On this steep side slope, the base material of injection can, under gravity along domatic slide downward, be difficult to cover in precipitous side slope, and therefore, for precipitous rock side slope, the application of existing mixed grass spraying is restricted.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome above-mentioned the deficiencies in the prior art, the present invention is proposed a kind of spray sowing protective slope structure for precipitous rock side slope, this protective slope structure by galvanized wire mesh, plant the carded sliver, active protecting net, anchor pole form a bracing reinforcement assembly domatic, for the supporting condition that raw base material provides stable is planted in follow-up injection, thus make mixed grass spraying can better be applicable to steep side slope engineering, thus solve above-mentioned prior art Problems existing.
A kind of spray sowing protective slope structure for precipitous rock side slope that the present invention relates to is by bracing reinforcement assembly and plant raw base material and form, and bracing reinforcement assembly is arranged on the side slope surface between classification platform, plants raw spraying method on bracing reinforcement assembly.
Described bracing reinforcement assembly comprises galvanized wire mesh, plants the carded sliver, active protecting net, anchor pole.Galvanized wire net laying hangs on side slope surface, and fixes with holdfast, galvanized wire mesh mesh 7.5 × 7.5cm, iron wire diameter 3mm, and fixing holdfast is the indented bars of diameter 16cm, length 0.4m, spacing 1 × 1m.Planting the carded sliver is 40g/m 2the rectangular bag that non-woven fabrics is sewn into, the in-built planting soil mixing fertilizer, plants carded sliver bag diameter 10cm, long 2 ~ 3m.Plant the carded sliver to be alternately horizontally disposed with along domatic, and online at zinc-coated wire by iron wire colligation, plant carded sliver spacing 10cm.Active defense net laying hangs over plants outside the carded sliver, adopt anchor pole active protecting net is fixed on domatic on, fixing anchor bar indented bars diameter 25 ~ 28cm, length 2 ~ 6m, spacing 3.3 × 4m.
Described plants the mixture that raw base material is soil, organic matter, cementing agent, fertilizer, water-loss reducer, PH conditioning agent, vegetable seeds, stirs and makes, be injected in arrange plant the carded sliver domatic on, it is thick to plant raw base material 10cm.For ease of maintenance, one deck 40g/m is laid in the outside of planting raw base material of injection 2non-woven fabrics, the fixing non-woven fabrics of U-iron silk nail.
The method to set up of the spray sowing protective slope structure for precipitous rock side slope that the present invention relates to, its technical step comprises: rebuild domatic, paving hang galvanized wire mesh, lay plant the carded sliver, paving hang active protecting net, spray plant raw base material.
S1, rebuild domatic
Trimming side slope surface, arranges classification platform, builds slope drainage facility, set random anchor rod.
S2, paving hang galvanized wire mesh
Between classification platform on side slope surface, paving hangs galvanized wire mesh from the top down, and fixes with holdfast.
The carded sliver is planted in S3, laying
By planting carded sliver level, to be laid on galvanized wire on side slope surface online, and fix with iron wire colligation.
S4, paving hang active protecting net
In the paved surface of planting the carded sliver, paving hangs active protecting net from the top down, is fixed by active protecting net together with random anchor rod by the fixing Short bolt set.
Raw base material is planted in S5, injection
To be mixed by soil, organic matter, cementing agent, fertilizer, water-loss reducer, PH conditioning agent, vegetable seeds and stir make plant raw base material, be injected in lay plant the carded sliver and paving hang active protecting net domatic on; After completing construction of sowing grass seeds by duster, re-lay layer of non-woven fabric, with the fixing non-woven fabrics of U-iron silk nail, to reduce moisture evaporation, and prevent rain drop erosion.
The present invention relates to slope protecting technique compared with traditional mixed grass spraying, beneficial effect is: 1, Novel slope protection structure is by planting the carded sliver in the online colligation of galvanized wire, thus forms an entirety, reaches better firm side slope effect; 2, plant the carded sliver and be fixed on galvanized wire on the net by iron wire, the friction factor of rock slope can be increased, by step-like for smooth precipitous domatic formation washboard artificially, ensure spray mixed radix material and domatic good combination; 3, plant the growth that the carded sliver is plant simultaneously and attachment point is provided, the root system of plant can penetrate the non-woven fabrics making and plant the carded sliver, growth is being planted on the soil in the carded sliver, and the planting soil of planting carded sliver non-woven wraps has water retention in dry season, for plant growth provides necessary moisture, nutrient; 4, on domatic, random anchor rod is set, and hang active protecting net skin paving, fixing Short bolt is adopted to be fixed by active protecting net together with random anchor rod, slope reinforcement protection and greening guard technology are combined, both the effect of greening and environmental protection had been served, the effect serve again and prevent rockfall, ensureing slope stabilization.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the Novel slope protection structure section schematic diagram that the present invention relates to;
Fig. 2 is active protecting net structural representation in Fig. 1;
Fig. 3 plants carded sliver structural representation in Fig. 1.
Detailed description of the invention
Be described further technical scheme of the present invention below in conjunction with accompanying drawing, Fig. 1 ~ 3 have now shown the basic comprising of the protective slope structure that the present invention relates to and active protecting net thereof and have planted the structure of the carded sliver.
As shown in the figure the spray sowing protective slope structure for precipitous rock side slope of the present invention be arranged on rock side slope classification platform between domatic on, by galvanized wire mesh, plant the carded sliver, active protecting net, anchor pole plant raw base material at the domatic bracing reinforcement assembly that formed and post-injection and form.
Described bracing reinforcement assembly comprises galvanized wire mesh, plants the carded sliver, active protecting net, anchor pole.Galvanized wire net laying hangs on side slope surface, and fixes with holdfast, galvanized wire mesh mesh 7.5 × 7.5cm, iron wire diameter 3mm.Planting the carded sliver is 40g/m 2the rectangular bag that non-woven fabrics is sewn into, the in-built planting soil mixing fertilizer, plants carded sliver bag diameter 10cm, long 2 ~ 3m.Plant the carded sliver to be alternately horizontally disposed with along domatic, and online at zinc-coated wire by iron wire colligation, plant carded sliver spacing 10cm.Active defense net laying hangs over plants outside the carded sliver, adopt anchor pole active protecting net is fixed on domatic on, fixing anchor bar diameter 25 ~ 28cm, length 2 ~ 6m, spacing 3.3 × 4m.
Described plants the mixture that raw base material is soil, organic matter, cementing agent, fertilizer, water-loss reducer, PH conditioning agent, vegetable seeds, stirs and makes, be injected in arrange plant the carded sliver domatic on, it is thick to plant raw base material 10 ㎝.For ease of maintenance, one deck 40g/m is laid in the outside of planting raw base material of injection 2non-woven fabrics, the fixing non-woven fabrics of U-iron silk nail.
The method to set up of the spray sowing protective slope structure for precipitous rock side slope that the present invention relates to, its technical step comprises: rebuild domatic, paving hang galvanized wire mesh, lay plant the carded sliver, paving hang active protecting net, spray plant raw base material.
S1, rebuild domatic
Trimming side slope surface, arranges classification platform, builds slope drainage facility, set random anchor rod.
S2, paving hang galvanized wire mesh
Between classification platform on side slope surface, paving hangs galvanized wire mesh from the top down, and fixes with holdfast.
The carded sliver is planted in S3, laying
By planting carded sliver level, to be laid on galvanized wire on side slope surface online, and fix with iron wire colligation.
S4, paving hang active protecting net
In the paved surface of planting the carded sliver, paving hangs active protecting net from the top down, is fixed by active protecting net together with random anchor rod by the fixing Short bolt set.
Raw base material is planted in S5, injection
To be mixed by soil, organic matter, cementing agent, fertilizer, water-loss reducer, PH conditioning agent, vegetable seeds and stir make plant raw base material, be injected in lay plant the carded sliver and paving hang active protecting net domatic on; After completing construction of sowing grass seeds by duster, re-lay layer of non-woven fabric, with the fixing non-woven fabrics of U-iron silk nail, to reduce moisture evaporation, and prevent rain drop erosion.

Claims (6)

1. for a spray sowing protective slope structure for precipitous rock side slope, it is characterized in that, by bracing reinforcement assembly with plant raw base material and form, bracing reinforcement assembly is arranged on the side slope surface between classification platform, plants raw spraying method on bracing reinforcement assembly;
Described bracing reinforcement assembly comprises galvanized wire mesh, plants the carded sliver, active protecting net, anchor pole; Galvanized wire net laying hangs on side slope surface, and fixes with holdfast; Planting the carded sliver is the rectangular bag that non-woven fabrics is sewn into, the in-built planting soil mixing fertilizer, to be alternately horizontally disposed with along domatic, and online at zinc-coated wire by iron wire colligation; Active defense net laying hangs over plants outside the carded sliver, anchor pole active protecting net is fixed on domatic on;
Described plants the mixture that raw base material is soil, organic matter, cementing agent, fertilizer, water-loss reducer, PH conditioning agent, vegetable seeds, stirs and makes, be injected in arrange plant the carded sliver domatic on.
2. the spray sowing protective slope structure for precipitous rock side slope according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, it is classification side slope surface that described galvanized wire net laying hangs scope, mesh 7.5 × 7.5cm, iron wire diameter 3mm, fixes with holdfast, and holdfast is the indented bars of diameter 16cm, length 0.4m, spacing 1 × 1m.
3. the spray sowing protective slope structure for precipitous rock side slope according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described in plant the rectangular bag of the carded sliver by 40g/m 2non-woven fabrics make and form, diameter 10cm, plants carded sliver spacing 10cm, long 2 ~ 3m.
4. the spray sowing protective slope structure for precipitous rock side slope according to claim 1, is characterized in that, the spiral thread on anchor bolt reinforcing bar diameter 25 ~ 28cm of described fixing active protecting net, length 2 ~ 6m, spacing 3.3 × 4m.
5. the spray sowing protective slope structure for precipitous rock side slope according to claim 1, is characterized in that, described injection plant the thick 10cm of raw base material, for ease of maintenance, one deck 40g/m is laid in the outside of planting raw base material 2non-woven fabrics.
6. the method to set up of the spray sowing protective slope structure for precipitous rock side slope according to claim 1, it is characterized in that, technical step comprises: rebuild domatic, paving hang galvanized wire mesh, lay plant the carded sliver, paving hang active protecting net, spray plant raw base material;
Described trimming is domatic, and trimming side slope surface, arranges classification platform, build slope drainage facility, set random anchor rod;
Described paving hangs galvanized wire mesh, and between classification platform on side slope surface, paving hangs galvanized wire mesh from the top down, and fixes with holdfast;
The carded sliver is planted in described laying, and by planting the alternate level of the carded sliver, to be laid on galvanized wire on side slope surface online, and fix with iron wire colligation;
Described paving hangs active protecting net, and in the paved surface of planting the carded sliver, paving hangs active protecting net from the top down, is fixed by active protecting net together with random anchor rod by the fixing Short bolt set;
Raw base material is planted in described injection, will be mixed by soil, organic matter, cementing agent, fertilizer, water-loss reducer, PH conditioning agent, vegetable seeds and stir make plant raw base material, be injected in lay plant the carded sliver and paving hang active protecting net domatic on; After completing construction of sowing grass seeds by duster, re-lay layer of non-woven fabric, with the fixing non-woven fabrics of U-iron silk nail, to reduce moisture evaporation, and prevent rain drop erosion.
CN201510527355.0A 2015-08-25 2015-08-25 Spray-sowing slope protection structure for steep rock side slope Pending CN105178339A (en)

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Cited By (12)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105735326A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-07-06 宏大国源(芜湖)资源环境治理有限公司 Rock slope ecological re-greening protection structure and maintaining device
CN105804096A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-07-27 韦积分 Road slope protection method
CN105862888A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-08-17 中国水利水电第十工程局有限公司 Comprehensive protecting method for high and steep rock slopes
CN107836288A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-03-27 西藏俊富环境恢复有限公司 A kind of dangerous slope reinforces multiple green clothing and put and the multiple method for green of dangerous slope reinforcing
CN108018861A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-05-11 大连地拓环境科技有限公司 A kind of method of abandoned mine refuse dump ecological revetment
CN108277811A (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-07-13 河海大学 A kind of slope reinforcement structure and reinforcement means
CN108487263A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-09-04 三峡大学 A method of restoration of the ecosystem is carried out to rock matter gradient slope using solid gabion
CN109098189A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-28 北京易成市政工程有限责任公司 Road slope landslide reinforcement construction method
CN109566290A (en) * 2019-01-10 2019-04-05 辽宁大学 A kind of Mine production side slope vegetation restorative procedure
CN110249756A (en) * 2019-07-15 2019-09-20 中矿复绿(北京)生态科技发展有限公司 A kind of granule composite fibre is sowed grass seeds by duster method
CN110432058A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-11-12 三峡大学 A kind of greening method of pole gradient slope
CN110714469A (en) * 2019-09-12 2020-01-21 中国一冶集团有限公司 Red sandstone hard slope ecological greening system and construction method thereof

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CN104160860A (en) * 2014-08-07 2014-11-26 深圳市和景园林绿化有限公司 Method for greening side slopes with greening brick cages

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CN104160860A (en) * 2014-08-07 2014-11-26 深圳市和景园林绿化有限公司 Method for greening side slopes with greening brick cages

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Cited By (15)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN105735326A (en) * 2016-01-29 2016-07-06 宏大国源(芜湖)资源环境治理有限公司 Rock slope ecological re-greening protection structure and maintaining device
CN105735326B (en) * 2016-01-29 2018-01-30 宏大国源(芜湖)资源环境治理有限公司 A kind of rock side slope zoology green-recovery safeguard structure and curing means
CN105804096A (en) * 2016-03-23 2016-07-27 韦积分 Road slope protection method
CN105862888A (en) * 2016-04-20 2016-08-17 中国水利水电第十工程局有限公司 Comprehensive protecting method for high and steep rock slopes
CN105862888B (en) * 2016-04-20 2018-05-11 中国水利水电第十一工程局有限公司 A kind of comprehensive protecting method of high precipitous rock slope
CN107836288A (en) * 2017-10-19 2018-03-27 西藏俊富环境恢复有限公司 A kind of dangerous slope reinforces multiple green clothing and put and the multiple method for green of dangerous slope reinforcing
CN108018861A (en) * 2017-12-27 2018-05-11 大连地拓环境科技有限公司 A kind of method of abandoned mine refuse dump ecological revetment
CN108277811A (en) * 2018-01-09 2018-07-13 河海大学 A kind of slope reinforcement structure and reinforcement means
CN108487263A (en) * 2018-03-16 2018-09-04 三峡大学 A method of restoration of the ecosystem is carried out to rock matter gradient slope using solid gabion
CN109098189A (en) * 2018-08-02 2018-12-28 北京易成市政工程有限责任公司 Road slope landslide reinforcement construction method
CN109566290A (en) * 2019-01-10 2019-04-05 辽宁大学 A kind of Mine production side slope vegetation restorative procedure
CN110249756A (en) * 2019-07-15 2019-09-20 中矿复绿(北京)生态科技发展有限公司 A kind of granule composite fibre is sowed grass seeds by duster method
CN110249756B (en) * 2019-07-15 2021-05-11 中矿复绿(北京)生态科技发展有限公司 Granule mixed fiber spray-seeding method
CN110432058A (en) * 2019-08-14 2019-11-12 三峡大学 A kind of greening method of pole gradient slope
CN110714469A (en) * 2019-09-12 2020-01-21 中国一冶集团有限公司 Red sandstone hard slope ecological greening system and construction method thereof

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