CN105171181A - Automatic control system for flame spray welding of sphere - Google Patents

Automatic control system for flame spray welding of sphere Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105171181A
CN105171181A CN201510542199.5A CN201510542199A CN105171181A CN 105171181 A CN105171181 A CN 105171181A CN 201510542199 A CN201510542199 A CN 201510542199A CN 105171181 A CN105171181 A CN 105171181A
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China
Prior art keywords
spheroid
spray
button
spray gun
plies
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Granted
Application number
CN201510542199.5A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105171181B (en
Inventor
陈林
陆赛浩
龚卫兵
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Jiangsu Shentong Valve Co Ltd
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Jiangsu Shentong Valve Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510542199.5A priority Critical patent/CN105171181B/en
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Classifications

    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K5/00Gas flame welding
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K37/00Auxiliary devices or processes, not specially adapted to a procedure covered by only one of the preceding main groups
    • B23K37/02Carriages for supporting the welding or cutting element
    • B23K37/0258Electric supply or control circuits therefor
    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B23MACHINE TOOLS; METAL-WORKING NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B23KSOLDERING OR UNSOLDERING; WELDING; CLADDING OR PLATING BY SOLDERING OR WELDING; CUTTING BY APPLYING HEAT LOCALLY, e.g. FLAME CUTTING; WORKING BY LASER BEAM
    • B23K5/00Gas flame welding
    • B23K5/22Auxiliary equipment, e.g. backings, guides
    • B23K5/24Arrangements for supporting torches

Abstract

An automatic control system for flame spray welding of a sphere comprises a mechanical part, a hardware part and a software part. With the adoption of the system, a spray gun can rotate around the center of the sphere to perform spray welding; in addition, the distance from the spray gun to the center of the sphere can be adjusted according to the size of the sphere, so that the distance from the spray gun to the surface of the sphere is constant during the flame spray welding of the sphere; in addition, the speed of the spray gun moving to each position can be calculated, and then the rotating speed of a servo motor can be controlled through a movement control card, so that the uniformity of a spray welding coating on the surface of the sphere can be ensured.

Description

Spheroid flame spray welding automatic control system
Art
This patent relates to spheroid flame spray welding technical field, is specifically related to a kind of device and the control system that automatically can control spheroid flame spray welding procedure parameter.
Background technology
Current domestic spherome surface generally adopts the mode such as manual surfacing, lathe surfacing.Manual surfacing is fixed on support by spheroid, support drives spheroid to rotate about the axis, workman's pistol is to spherome surface surfacing, this mode is difficult to control the distance between spray gun and spheroid and relative velocity, main dependence operative experience, so spherome surface coating quality is difficult to be guaranteed after surfacing, and due in hot environment, workman's operating environment is comparatively severe, operation intensity is larger.Lathe surfacing mode uses often, generally transform on the basis of lathe, lathe spindle drives spheroid to do gyration, leading screw drives slip crate and spray gun to move reciprocatingly, because the spray gun direction of motion is parallel with spheroid gyroaxis, therefore in spray process, spray gun and spherome surface distance change always.In leading screw speed and gun traffic one timing, spray material is uneven in the deposition of spherome surface, spheroid middle position spray material deposition at most, and position, spheroid both sides spray material minimal deposition, when spheroid two side position coating meets technological requirement, other positions of spheroid particularly spheroid centre position just produce more spray material waste, because spray material is much more expensive than matrix material, so cause the significantly rising of cost, in order to improve surfacing quality and reduce surfacing cost, necessary invention is a kind of controls spheroid flame spray welding device automatically.
Summary of the invention
In order to overcome the above-mentioned shortcoming of existing spray welding unit, the invention provides and ensure that spherome surface surfacing is even, saving the spheroid flame spray welding automatic control system of spray material.
The technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems is, spheroid flame spray welding automatic control system, by mechanical part, control system hardware components and software section composition, mechanical part comprises lathe, lathe is provided with the scroll chuck for clamping spheroid frock, spheroid is arranged on by frock can by the main spindle box band action gyration of lathe after on lathe, lathe is provided with spray welding unit, spray welding unit comprises rotating disk, rotating disk is positioned at immediately below spheroid, rotating disk is provided with the support for fixing spray gun, support can move radially the distance regulated between spray gun and spheroid on rotating disk, rotating disk makes reciprocating rotation around the center of spheroid at circumferencial direction by the driving of servomotor, rotating disk is a gear wheel, multiple pinion is installed between rotating disk and servomotor and forms gear pair, for transmitting and reduce the rotating speed of servomotor,
Control system hardware components is made up of industrial computer and motion control card, industrial computer and motion control card are integrated in switch board, industrial computer passes to motion control card to after control signal process, motion control card sends pulse signal to described servomotor, rotated by servomotor and pass motion to described gear pair, thus drive described spray gun to rotate;
Software section comprises technological parameter input module and motor control module, sphere diameter D and spheroid channel diameter d is inputted in technological parameter input module, industrial computer can according to sphere diameter D and spheroid channel diameter d, calculates the speed of service v of spray gun distance ball centre line angle degree δ and correspondence in the angle θ and spray process that spray gun needs to turn over; Input spraying number of plies N in technological parameter input module, industrial computer can calculate according to the spraying number of plies N of input and currently spray number of plies n, remaining spraying number of plies a; Motor control module comprises running state monitoring district and action button district, the display of running state monitoring district spray gun current location δ, speed of service v, spraying number of plies N, is currently spraying number of plies n, remaining spraying number of plies a; There is arm button in action button district, runs button, Aligning control button, emergency stop push button, SR, adjusts button clockwise, adjusts button counterclockwise, by the motion of the button control servomotor of clicking operation button area.
The quantity of support is 2, is symmetricly set on the both sides of spheroid.
Software section comprises job information input module, can input activity duration, operating personnel, part name, figure number, lot number, ambient temperature and humidity and other production informations in described job information input module, and preserves in a database.
Ball material, spray material, bleed pressure and other technological parameters can be inputted in described technological parameter input module, and preserve in a database.
Software section comprises report generation and enquiry module, and report generation and enquiry module can carry out reading to the parameter in described database and call, and can generate spray welding process record form after surfacing operation completes.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows:
1, rotate surfacing owing to realizing spray gun around ball centre, and spray gun can be regulated to arrive the distance of ball centre according to sphere size, therefore in the process of spheroid flame spray welding, spray gun can remain consistent to the distance of spherome surface; And industrial computer can calculate the speed that each position spray gun needs movement, then by motion control card control servomotor rotating speed, ensure that the even of spherome surface surfacing coating.
2, the number of times of the reciprocal surfacing of spray gun can be inputted in technological parameter input module, to meet the requirement of spheroid spray welding technology, ensure thickness and the allowance of surfacing coating.
3, the data inputted in job information input module and technological parameter input module are preserved in a database, can meet and inquire about data call.
4, achieve the automatic control to spheroid surfacing, improve the operating environment of spheroid surfacing, alleviate the production difficulty of spheroid surfacing workman.
Accompanying drawing explanation
Fig. 1 is the mechanical part structural representation of the present embodiment;
Fig. 2 is the present embodiment control system hardware components and software section schematic flow sheet;
Fig. 3 is the position view of parts 104 and parts 105 in Fig. 1.
In figure: 101. lathes; 102. scroll chuck; 103. frock; 104. spheroid; 105. spray gun; 106. support; 107. adjustable plate; 108. pinion; 109. servomotor; 110. rotating disk; 111. switch board; 112. running state monitoring devices; 113. action button districts; 200. control system hardware components; 201. industrial computer; 202. motion control card; 300. software section; 3011. job information input module; 3012. technological parameter input module; 3013. report generations and enquiry module; 3014. motor control module; 302. database; 303. technique record forms.
Detailed description of the invention
Spheroid flame spray welding automatic control system, by mechanical part 100, control system hardware components 200 and software section 300 form, mechanical part 100 comprises lathe 101, lathe 101 is provided with the scroll chuck 102 for clamping spheroid frock, spheroid 104 is arranged on by frock 103 can by the main spindle box band action gyration of lathe 101 after on lathe 101, lathe 101 is provided with spray welding unit, spray welding unit comprises rotating disk 110, rotating disk 110 is positioned at immediately below spheroid 104, rotating disk 104 is provided with the support 106 for fixing spray gun 105, support 106 can move radially to regulate the distance between spray gun 105 and spheroid 104 on rotating disk 110, rotating disk 104 makes reciprocating rotation around the center of spheroid at circumferencial direction by the driving of servomotor 109, rotating disk 110 is a gear wheel, multiple pinion 108 is installed between rotating disk 110 and servomotor 109 and forms gear pair, for transmitting and reduce the rotating speed of servomotor 109,
Control system hardware components 200 is made up of industrial computer 201 and motion control card 202, industrial computer 201 and motion control card 202 are integrated in switch board 111, motion control card 202 is passed to after industrial computer 201 pairs of control signal process, motion control card 202 sends pulse to described servomotor 109, servomotor 109 rotates and passes to described rotating disk 110, thus drives described spray gun 105 to rotate;
Software section 300 comprises technological parameter input module 3012 and motor control module 3014, sphere diameter D and spheroid channel diameter d is inputted in technological parameter input module 3012, industrial computer 201 can according to sphere diameter D and spheroid channel diameter d, calculates the speed of service v apart from ball centre line angle degree δ and correspondence of spray gun in the angle θ and spray process that spray gun needs to turn over; Input spraying number of plies N in technological parameter input module 3012, industrial computer 201 can calculate according to the spraying number of plies N of input and currently spray number of plies n, remaining spraying number of plies a; Motor control module 3014 comprises running state monitoring district 112 and action button district 113, and running state monitoring district 112 shows spray gun current location δ, speed of service v, spraying number of plies N, currently spraying number of plies n, remaining spraying number of plies a; There is arm button in action button district 113, runs button, Aligning control button, emergency stop push button, SR, adjusts button clockwise, adjusts button counterclockwise, by the motion of the button control servomotor of clicking operation button area.
The quantity of support 106 is 2, is symmetricly set on the both sides of spheroid 104.
Software section 300 comprises job information input module 3011, activity duration, operating personnel, part name, figure number, lot number, ambient temperature and humidity and other production informations can be inputted in described job information input module 3011, and be kept in database 302.
Ball material, spray material, bleed pressure and other technological parameters can be inputted in described technological parameter input module 3012, and be kept in database 302.
Software section 300 comprises report generation and enquiry module 3013, and report generation and enquiry module 3013 can carry out reading and call to the parameter in described database 302, can generate spray welding process record form 303 after surfacing operation completes.
When native system is specifically implemented, step is as follows:
1, as shown in Figure 1, select corresponding frock to be clamped on machine tool three-jaw chuck 102 according to spheroid 104 size, adjustment spheroid 104 center and rotating disk 110 center are on a vertical curve.Support 106 is installed spray gun 105, requires according to spheroid surfacing the arrangement mode selecting spray gun 105 quantity and spray gun 105; Regulate spray gun 105 to spheroid 104 surface distance according to spheroid 104 size by the adjustable plate 107 of fluting.
2, as shown in Figure 2, in job information input module 3011, spheroid surfacing production information is inputted, as activity duration, operating personnel, part name, figure number, lot number, ambient temperature and humidity etc.; Inputting process parameters in technological parameter input module 3012, as sphere diameter D and spheroid channel diameter d, ball material, spray material, bleed pressure etc.The related data of input is kept in database 302, after industrial computer 201 obtains sphere diameter D and spheroid channel size d parameter, calculate by software algorithm the speed of service v that in the angle θ and spray process that spray gun 105 surfacing needs to turn over, spray gun 105 is corresponding apart from ball centre line angle degree δ, be the position view of spheroid 104 and spray gun 105 as shown in Figure 3.
3, according to the requirement of spheroid spray welding technology, surfacing number of plies N is inputted at motor control module 3014, carry out surfacing operation then to spray gun 105 igniting, by sending instruction to motion control card 202 to the control in action button district 113, motion control card 202 sends pulse to servomotor 109.Servomotor 109 drives the spray gun 105 be fixed on rotating disk 110 to run by the position of having planned and speed.In spray process, servomotor 109 can be stopped to run by the emergency stop push button on control operation button area 113 in case of emergency, improve equipment safety.
4, spray gun current location δ, speed of service v, spraying number of plies N can be shown in running state monitoring district 112, currently spraying number of plies n, remaining spraying number of plies a
5, this spray welding process data integrity is transferred from database 302 by report generation and enquiry module 3013, and generates this spray welding process record form, ensure that the trackability of surfacing data.

Claims (5)

1. spheroid flame spray welding automatic control system, it is characterized in that: by mechanical part, control system hardware components and software section composition, described mechanical part comprises lathe, lathe is provided with the scroll chuck for clamping spheroid frock, spheroid is arranged on by frock can by the main spindle box band action gyration of lathe after on lathe, described lathe is provided with spray welding unit, described spray welding unit comprises rotating disk, rotating disk is positioned at immediately below spheroid, rotating disk is provided with the support for fixing spray gun, support can move radially the distance regulated between spray gun and spheroid on rotating disk, described rotating disk makes reciprocating rotation around the center of spheroid at circumferencial direction by the driving of servomotor, described rotating disk is a gear wheel, multiple pinion is installed between rotating disk and servomotor and forms gear pair, for transmitting and reduce the rotating speed of servomotor,
Described control system hardware components is made up of industrial computer and motion control card, industrial computer and motion control card are integrated in switch board, industrial computer passes to motion control card to after control signal process, motion control card sends pulse to described servomotor, servomotor rotates and passes to described gear pair, thus drives described spray gun to rotate;
Described software section comprises technological parameter input module and motor control module, sphere diameter D and spheroid channel diameter d is inputted in described technological parameter input module, described industrial computer can according to sphere diameter D and spheroid channel diameter d, calculates the speed of service v of spray gun distance ball centre line angle degree δ and correspondence in the angle θ and spray process that spray gun needs to turn over; Input spraying number of plies N in technological parameter input module, described industrial computer can calculate according to the spraying number of plies N of input and currently spray number of plies n, remaining spraying number of plies a; Described motor control module comprises running state monitoring district and action button district, the display of running state monitoring district spray gun current location δ, speed of service v, spraying number of plies N, is currently spraying number of plies n, remaining spraying number of plies a; There is arm button in action button district, runs button, Aligning control button, emergency stop push button, SR, adjusts button clockwise, adjusts button counterclockwise, by the motion of the button control servomotor of clicking operation button area.
2. spheroid flame spray welding automatic control system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: the quantity of described support is 2, is symmetricly set on the both sides of spheroid.
3. spheroid flame spray welding automatic control system as claimed in claim 1, it is characterized in that: described software section comprises job information input module, activity duration, operating personnel, part name, figure number, lot number, ambient temperature and humidity and other production informations can be inputted in described job information input module, and preserve in a database.
4. spheroid flame spray welding automatic control system as claimed in claim 1, is characterized in that: describedly can input ball material, spray material, bleed pressure and other technological parameters in described technological parameter input module, and preserves in a database.
5. the spheroid flame spray welding automatic control system as described in claim 1 or 3 or 4, it is characterized in that: described software section comprises report generation and enquiry module, described report generation and enquiry module can carry out reading to the parameter in described database and call, and can generate spray welding process record form after surfacing operation completes.
CN201510542199.5A 2015-08-31 2015-08-31 Sphere flame spray welding automatic control system Active CN105171181B (en)

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Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
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Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108857266A (en) * 2017-08-17 2018-11-23 上海飞球科技(集团)有限公司 A kind of gate sealing surface processing technology and welding tooling
CN111729775A (en) * 2020-05-13 2020-10-02 苏州明池纺织科技有限公司 Fabric coating multilayer structure manufacturing regulation and control system

Citations (7)

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Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB312193A (en) * 1928-05-19 1930-11-21 Tiefbohrtechnik Und Maschb Ag Improvements in blow pipe burner machines for cutting or welding metals
DE7827823U1 (en) * 1977-09-20 1979-03-08 Peyrot, Jean-Pierre, Chilly Mazarin, Essonne (Frankreich)
CN201711682U (en) * 2010-05-21 2011-01-19 北京石油化工学院 Portable perforated connecting pipe and saddle-shaped seam welding integrated machine
CN202741903U (en) * 2012-08-21 2013-02-20 吉首市宗南重工制造有限公司 Automatic welding machine for conical tank
CN103659064A (en) * 2012-09-10 2014-03-26 重庆针尖内燃机部件制造有限公司 Spin welding device
CN204449721U (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-07-08 沈阳金刚工业自动化有限公司 A kind of cylindrical part automatic soldering device
CN204545730U (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-08-12 伟顺(中国)机电设备有限公司 The shaping welder of a kind of oil tank

Patent Citations (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
GB312193A (en) * 1928-05-19 1930-11-21 Tiefbohrtechnik Und Maschb Ag Improvements in blow pipe burner machines for cutting or welding metals
DE7827823U1 (en) * 1977-09-20 1979-03-08 Peyrot, Jean-Pierre, Chilly Mazarin, Essonne (Frankreich)
CN201711682U (en) * 2010-05-21 2011-01-19 北京石油化工学院 Portable perforated connecting pipe and saddle-shaped seam welding integrated machine
CN202741903U (en) * 2012-08-21 2013-02-20 吉首市宗南重工制造有限公司 Automatic welding machine for conical tank
CN103659064A (en) * 2012-09-10 2014-03-26 重庆针尖内燃机部件制造有限公司 Spin welding device
CN204449721U (en) * 2015-02-09 2015-07-08 沈阳金刚工业自动化有限公司 A kind of cylindrical part automatic soldering device
CN204545730U (en) * 2015-04-14 2015-08-12 伟顺(中国)机电设备有限公司 The shaping welder of a kind of oil tank

Cited By (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN108857266A (en) * 2017-08-17 2018-11-23 上海飞球科技(集团)有限公司 A kind of gate sealing surface processing technology and welding tooling
CN111729775A (en) * 2020-05-13 2020-10-02 苏州明池纺织科技有限公司 Fabric coating multilayer structure manufacturing regulation and control system

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