CN105109426A - Electric vehicle - Google Patents

Electric vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105109426A
CN105109426A CN 201510585264 CN201510585264A CN105109426A CN 105109426 A CN105109426 A CN 105109426A CN 201510585264 CN201510585264 CN 201510585264 CN 201510585264 A CN201510585264 A CN 201510585264A CN 105109426 A CN105109426 A CN 105109426A
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member
electric vehicle
battery
portion
high
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CN 201510585264
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Chinese (zh)
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CN105109426B (en )
Inventor
胡兴胜
秦莹
王金桥
李力华
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北京新能源汽车股份有限公司
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    • BPERFORMING OPERATIONS; TRANSPORTING
    • B60VEHICLES IN GENERAL
    • B60RVEHICLES, VEHICLE FITTINGS, OR VEHICLE PARTS, NOT OTHERWISE PROVIDED FOR
    • B60R16/00Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for
    • B60R16/02Electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for; Arrangement of elements of electric or fluid circuits specially adapted for vehicles and not otherwise provided for electric constitutive elements
    • B60R16/0207Wire harnesses
    • B60R16/0215Protecting, fastening and routing means therefor

Abstract

The invention discloses an electric vehicle. The electric vehicle comprises a vehicle body and a high-voltage line, wherein a high-voltage line distributing cavity is defined in the vehicle body; the high-voltage line is distributed in the high-voltage line distributing cavity; a first end of the high-voltage line is connected with a charging terminal; the charging terminal is used for being electrically connected with a battery; a second end of the high-voltage line is connected with a load. According to the electric vehicle disclosed by the embodiment of the invention, the high-voltage line is stable and reliable in layout, so that the running safety and the running stability are improved.

Description

电动车辆 Electric vehicles

技术领域 FIELD

[0001] 本发明涉及车辆领域,具体而言,涉及一种电动车辆。 [0001] The present invention relates to the field of vehicles, particularly, relates to an electric vehicle.

背景技术 Background technique

[0002] 相关技术中,电动车辆的高压线布置在车辆地板下方,这样,高压线不仅容易与底盘各零部件干涉,而且行车过程中容易被外部飞溅的物体损伤。 [0002] In the related art, high-voltage electric vehicle is disposed below the vehicle floor, so that, not only is easy to interfere with the high-voltage components of each chassis and the driving process easily damaged by external objects flying. 此外,上述高压线的布置方式中,由于高压线分布范围大,需要对其进行多点固定才能避免高压线错位、晃动。 Further, the above-described arrangement of the high-voltage, high-voltage distribution due to the large, multi-point needs to be fixed in order to avoid high voltage displacement, shaking.

发明内容 SUMMARY

[0003] 本发明旨在至少在一定程度上解决相关技术中的技术问题之一。 [0003] The present invention to solve at least to some extent, one of the technical issues related to technology. 为此,本发明提出一种高压线布局稳定、可靠的电动车辆。 To this end, the invention proposes a high voltage layout stable and reliable electric vehicle.

[0004] 根据本发明实施例的电动车辆,包括:车身,所述车身内限定出高压线分布腔;高压线,所述高压线分布在所述高压线分布腔内且所述高压线的第一端与充电端子连接,所述充电端子用于与电池电连接,所述高压线的第二端与负载连接。 [0004] The electric vehicle of the embodiment of the present invention, comprising: a body, said body defining an internal high-voltage distribution chamber; high voltage, the high voltage of the high voltage distribution in the distribution chamber and the high voltage end of the first charging terminal connected to a second end of the charging load connecting terminals for connection to the battery, the power line.

[0005] 根据本发明实施例的电动车辆,高压线布局稳定、可靠,增强了行车的安全性和稳定性。 [0005] The electric vehicle of the embodiment of the present invention, the layout of the high voltage stability, reliability, security and enhanced stability of driving.

[0006] 优选地,所述车身包括:前围内板,所述前围内板内限定出第一分腔;侧围外板,所述侧围外板内限定出第二分腔;以及轮罩内板,所述轮罩内板与所述侧围外板共同限定出第三分腔,所述第一分腔、所述第二分腔、所述第三分腔自前向后依次连接且共同构成所述高压线分布腔。 [0006] Preferably, the vehicle comprising: a cowl inner panel, the cowl inner panel defining a first sub-space; side outer panel, the inner body side outer panel defining a second sub-space; and wheel house inner panel, said wheel cover plate and the side wall outer panel together defining a third sub-space, the first sub-space, the second sub-space, before the third sub-space-to-back sequentially and collectively constituting said high voltage connector distribution chamber.

[0007] 优选地,所述侧围外板包括依次连接的内侧板、底板和外侧板,所述第二分腔由所述内侧板、所述底板、所述外侧板共同限定出,所述内侧板上设有通过孔,所述第一分腔和所述第二分腔通过所述通过孔相连通。 [0007] Preferably, the side wall outer panel includes an inner panel are connected in sequence, and the outer bottom plate, said second sub-chamber is defined by the inner plate, the bottom plate, the outer plate together define the the inner plate is provided with through holes, the first sub-chamber and said second sub-chamber through the passage hole communicates.

[0008] 优选地,所述车身还包括门槛内板,所述门槛内板位于所述第二分腔内且连接在所述底板上,所述高压线位于所述门槛内板与所述内侧板之间。 [0008] Preferably, the vehicle body further includes an inner rocker panel, the rocker inner panel positioned in the second cavity and connecting points on the base plate, said high voltage is located within the rocker plate and the inner plate between.

[0009] 优选地,所述轮罩内板与所述底板相连且所述轮罩内板、所述内侧板、所述外侧板共同限定出所述第三分腔。 [0009] Preferably, said wheel cover plate and the bottom plate is connected to the wheel cover and the inner panel, the inner plate, the outer plate together defining the third sub-space.

[0010] 优选地,所述电动车辆还包括电池连接装置,所述电池连接装置包括:充电端子,所述充电端子具有用于与电池连接的电连接部,所述电连接部与所述负载通过所述高压线连接;驱动组件,所述驱动组件用于驱动所述充电端子运动以控制所述电连接部与所述电池的导通和断开,所述电连接部与所述电池导通时所述电池、所述电连接部、所述高压线、所述负载形成充电回路。 [0010] Preferably, the electric vehicle further includes a battery connecting means connecting said battery means comprising: a charging terminal, the charge terminal having a connection portion for electrically connecting the battery, the electrical connection portion and the load the high voltage connection; drive assembly, the drive assembly for driving the motion to control the charging terminal unit is electrically connected to the battery on and off, the battery is electrically connected to the conductive portion when the battery, the electrical connection section, the high voltage, the load charging circuit is formed.

[0011] 优选地,所述驱动组件包括:设置在所述充电端子上的第一驱动件;以及设置在所述电池上的第二驱动件,所述第一驱动件与所述第二驱动件通过电磁感应吸合,所述第一驱动件与所述第二驱动件吸合时所述电连接部与所述电池导通。 [0011] Preferably, the drive assembly comprising: a first drive member disposed on said charging terminal; a second drive member disposed on the battery, the first driver and the second driver pull element by electromagnetic induction, said first member and said second drive member driving said suction portion is electrically connected to the battery timely conduction.

[0012] 优选地,所述第一驱动件为电磁感应件,所述充电端子上设有用于控制所述电磁感应件产生磁力的低压线。 [0012] Preferably, the first driving member is an electromagnetic induction member, the charging terminal is provided for controlling the low-voltage line generating a magnetic force of the electromagnetic induction member.

[0013] 优选地,所述驱动组件还包括复位件,所述复位件驱动所述第一驱动件远离所述第二驱动件且使所述电连接部与所述电池脱离。 [0013] Preferably, the drive assembly further includes a reset member, said reset driving member drives the first member away from the second member and the driving portion is electrically connected to the battery disengaged.

[0014] 优选地,所述电池连接装置还包括导向部,所述导向部适于与电动车辆的车身连接,所述充电端子可滑动地设在所述导向部上以使所述第一驱动件可滑动地靠近或远离所述第二驱动件。 [0014] Preferably, said connecting means further includes a battery guide portion, said guide portion adapted to be connected to the body of the electric vehicle, the charging terminal is slidably provided on the guide portion so that the first drive slidably driven toward or away from the second member.

[0015] 优选地,所述复位件为压缩弹簧,所述复位件连接在所述导向部与所述充电端子之间。 [0015] Preferably, the return member is a compression spring, the return member coupled between the guide portion and the charging terminal.

[0016] 优选地,所述导向部具有导向杆,所述电磁感应件上设有导向孔,所述导向杆可滑动地配合在所述导向孔内。 [0016] Preferably, the guide portion having a guide rod, a guide hole is provided on the electromagnetic induction member, the guide rod slidably fitted in the guide hole.

[0017] 优选地,所述导向杆的邻近所述电池的一端具有第一止挡部,所述导向孔内具有第二止挡部,所述复位件位于所述第一止挡部与所述第二止挡部之间。 [0017] Preferably, the cell adjacent to the end of the guide rod having a first stop portion, said guide hole having a second stop portion, said reset member is in the first stopper portion and the between said second stop portion.

[0018] 优选地,所述电磁感应件的数量为多个且沿所述主体的周向均匀分布,所述导向部与所述电磁感应件--对应。 [0018] Preferably, the number of said plurality of electromagnetic induction member and the body along a circumferentially uniform distribution of the guide member portion of the electromagnetic induction - corresponds.

附图说明 BRIEF DESCRIPTION

[0019]图1是根据本发明实施例的电动车辆的示意图。 [0019] FIG. 1 is a schematic view of an electric vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0020]图2是根据本发明实施例的第一分腔与第二分腔连接处的局部示意图(去掉外侧板)。 [0020] FIG. 2 is a partial schematic view (outer side plate removed) of the first sub-chamber embodiment and the second embodiment of the present invention is connected at the sub-chamber according to.

[0021]图3是根据本发明实施例的第二分腔与第三分腔连接处的局部示意图(去掉外侧板)。 [0021] FIG. 3 is a partial schematic view (outer side plate removed) of the second sub-chamber embodiment and the third embodiment of the present invention is connected at the sub-chamber according to.

[0022]图4是根据本发明实施例的电池连接装置在电动车辆上的装配示意图。 [0022] FIG. 4 is a schematic diagram of the assembled battery connection device according to the electric vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention.

[0023] 图5是根据本发明实施例中的电池与充电端子处于导通状态的示意图。 [0023] FIG. 5 is a schematic diagram of a battery charging terminal in the embodiment is in the ON state according to the embodiment of the present invention.

[0024] 图6是根据本发明实施例的电池与充电端子处于断开状态的示意图。 [0024] FIG. 6 is a schematic view in the OFF state in accordance with a battery charging terminal embodiment of the present invention.

[0025]图7是根据本发明实施例的电池连接装置的示意图。 [0025] FIG. 7 is a schematic view of a battery according to an embodiment of the present invention, the connection device.

[0026] 附图标记: [0026] The reference numerals:

[0027] 电池连接装置100,电池300,车身400,高压线分布腔402,前围内板403,侧围外板404,内侧板404a,底板404b,通过孔4041,轮罩内板405,门槛内板406,负载500,电动车辆1000, [0027] The battery connection device 100, battery 300, the body 400, the high voltage distribution chamber 402, the cowl inner panel 403, the side wall outer panel 404, the inner plate 404a, bottom plate 404b, through the aperture 4041, the wheel cover plate 405, the threshold plate 406, load 500, the electric vehicle 1000,

[0028] 充电端子10,电连接部11,导向孔12,第二止挡部121, [0028] The charging terminals 10 electrically connected portion 11, the guide hole 12, the second stopper portion 121,

[0029] 驱动组件20,第一驱动件21,第二驱动件22,复位件23, [0029] The drive assembly 20, the first driving member 21, the second drive member 22, the reset member 23,

[0030] 导向部30,导向杆31,第一止挡部311, [0030] The guide portion 30, the guide rod 31, the first stopper portion 311,

[0031] 高压线40, [0031] 40 high-voltage lines,

[0032] 低压线50。 [0032] The low-voltage line 50.

具体实施方式 detailed description

[0033] 下面详细描述本发明的实施例,所述实施例的示例在附图中示出。 [0033] The exemplary embodiments of the present invention are described in detail below, the embodiment illustrated in the accompanying drawings. 下面通过参考附图描述的实施例是示例性的,旨在用于解释本发明,而不能理解为对本发明的限制。 By following with reference to the embodiments described are exemplary, and are intended for explaining the present invention and should not be construed as limiting the present invention.

[0034] 下面参照图1至图7具体描述本发明实施例的电动车辆1000。 [0034] Referring to FIG 1 to 7 embodiments specifically described embodiments of the electric vehicle 1000 of the present invention.

[0035] 如图1所示,根据本发明实施例的电动车辆1000,包括:车身400和高压线40。 [0035] As shown in FIG. 1, an electric vehicle according to embodiments of the present invention 1000, comprising: a vehicle body 400 and the high voltage line 40. 车身400内限定出高压线分布腔402,高压线40分布在高压线分布腔402内且高压线40的第一端与充电端子10连接,充电端子10用于与电池300电连接,高压线40的第二端与负载500连接。 400 defines a high-voltage distribution chamber body 402, high-voltage high-voltage line 40 distributed in the first distribution chamber 402 and the high voltage terminal 10 is connected to the charging terminal 40, a charging terminal 10 connected to the battery 300, and a second high-voltage terminal 40 load 500 connection.

[0036] 根据本发明实施例的电动车辆1000,通过将高压线40设置在车身400限定出的高压线分布腔402内,使高压线40布局稳定、可靠,减少了高压线40与底盘的干涉,同时避免了高压线40与外部物体的碰撞所存在的漏电隐患,由此增强了行车的安全性和稳定性。 [0036] The electric vehicle according to an embodiment of the present invention is 1000, by the high-voltage distribution chamber high-voltage lines 40 disposed on the vehicle body 400 defining 402 the high voltage line 40 layout stable, reliable, reducing interference high-voltage line 40 to the chassis, while avoiding 40 high-voltage collide with an external object exists leakage problems, thereby enhancing the safety and stability of driving.

[0037] 需要说明的是,上述高压线分布腔402为大体封闭的腔体,该高压线分布腔402可以与外界相通。 [0037] Incidentally, the above-described high-voltage distribution chamber 402 is substantially enclosed chamber, the high voltage distribution chamber 402 may communicate with the outside.

[0038] 在一些实施例中,车身400包括:前围内板403、侧围外板404以及轮罩内板405。 [0038] In some embodiments, the body 400 includes: the front cowl 403, a side outer panel 404 and the wheel house inner panel 405. 前围内板403内限定出第一分腔;侧围外板404内限定出第二分腔,轮罩内板405与侧围外板404共同限定出第三分腔,第一分腔、第二分腔、第三分腔自前向后依次连接且共同构成高压线分布腔402。 The inner cowl 403 defines a first sub-space; side wrapping defining a second sub-space 404 within the outer panel, inner cowl 405 and the side wall outer panel 404 together define a third sub-space, the first sub-space, a second sub-chamber, in turn connected rearwardly from the front of the third sub-space and together constitute a high-voltage distribution chamber 402. 可以理解的是,第一分腔、第二分腔、第三分腔均可以与外界部分连通。 It will be appreciated that the first sub-space, the second sub-space, the third sub-space can be in communication with the outside portion.

[0039] 具体地,参照图1,高压线40在第一分腔内的大体水平向后延伸,高压线40在第二分腔内先向下延伸后水平向后延伸,高压线40在第三分腔内逐渐向后上方延伸。 [0039] In particular, referring to FIG. 1, power lines 40 extend rearwardly in a generally horizontal first sub-chamber, the high voltage level 40 minutes after the second extending rearwardly downwardly extending first cavity, a third division in the high-voltage chamber 40 the rearwardly extending gradually upward.

[0040] 由此,利用车身400的前围内板403、侧围外板404以及轮罩内板405限定出大体自前向后延伸的高压线分布腔402,高压线40的布置更紧凑、合理。 [0040] Accordingly, the use of the cowl inner panel 403 of the body 400, the side wall outer panel 404 and inner panel 405 define a wheel house high-voltage distribution chamber extending in a generally front-to-back 402, a more compact arrangement of the high voltage line 40, and reasonable.

[0041] 根据本发明的一个优选实施例,参照图2,侧围外板404包括依次连接的内侧板404a、底板404b和外侧板,第二分腔由内侧板404a、底板404b、外侧板共同限定出,内侧板404a上设有通过孔4041,第一分腔和第二分腔通过通过孔4041相连通。 [0041] According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, with reference to FIG. 2, the side wall outer panel 404 includes an inner plate connected in turn 404a, 404b and the outer bottom plate, a second sub-space jointly by the inner plate 404a, bottom plate 404b, the outer panel defining, by the inner panel 404a is provided with through holes 4041 communicating hole 4041, a first sub-chamber and the second chamber through the partition. 由此,通过孔4041的设置不仅便于高压线40由第一分腔向第二分腔的引入,而且能够为高压线40提供支撑以及定位,增强了行车过程中高压线40的稳定性。 Thus, by providing the hole 4041 facilitate not only the high voltage line 40 is introduced into the second partial chamber of the first sub-space, and can provide support and positioning for the high voltage line 40, and enhance the stability of the high voltage line 40 of the driving process.

[0042] 进一步地,车身400还包括门槛内板406,门槛内板406位于第二分腔内且连接在底板404b上,高压线40位于门槛内板406与内侧板404a之间。 [0042] Further, the body 400 further includes an inner rocker panel 406, the inner rocker panel 406 in the second sub-chamber and connected to the bottom plate 404b, and the high voltage line 40 is located between the inner panel 406 within the rocker panel 404a. 由此,门槛内板406在第二分腔内对高压线40形成限位,减小了高压线40在车体左右方向上的晃动,进一步提高了高压线40的稳定性。 Thus, the inner rocker panel 406 is formed on the stopper 40 in the second high-voltage sub-cavity 40 is reduced in the lateral high-voltage fluctuation direction of the vehicle body, further improving the stability of the high-voltage line 40.

[0043] 在另一些实施例中,如图3所不,轮罩内板405与底板404b相连且轮罩内板405、内侧板404a、外侧板共同限定出第三分腔。 [0043] In other embodiments, not shown in Figure 3, the wheel house inner panel 405 and the bottom plate 404b is connected to the wheel cover 405 and the inner panel, the inner panel 404a, a third outer plate together define a sub-space. 这样,第二分腔与第三分腔互相贯通,高压线40在第三分腔内可以沿轮罩内板405斜向后上方延伸至充电端子10所在处,增强了高压线40安装的便利性。 Thus, the second and the third sub-space divided space interpenetrate, power lines 40 extends upward to a charging terminal 10 is located, to enhance the convenience of the high-voltage line 40 is mounted in the third sub-cavity 405 may be inclined along the plate wheel arch.

[0044] 如图4所示,本发明实施例的电动车辆1000还包括电池连接装置100,电池连接装置100包括:充电端子10以及驱动组件20。 [0044] As shown in FIG. 4, the electric vehicle of the embodiment of the present invention further includes a battery 1000 connected to device 100, device 100 connected to a battery comprising: a charging terminal 10 and a drive assembly 20.

[0045] 充电端子10设有用于与电池300连接的电连接部11,电连接部11与负载500通过高压线40连接。 [0045] The charging terminal 10 is provided for electrically connecting portion 300 is connected to the battery 11, the electrical connection portion 500 is connected to the load 11 through the high-voltage line 40. 驱动组件20用于驱动充电端子10运动以控制电连接部11与电池300的导通和断开。 20 for driving the drive assembly to control movement of the charging terminals 10 electrically connect portion 11 ON and OFF of the battery 300. 电连接部11与电池300导通时电池300、电连接部11、高压线40、负载500形成充电回路。 Portion 11 is electrically connected to the battery 300 when the battery 300 is turned on, electrically connecting portions 11, 40 high voltage, load charging circuit 500 is formed.

[0046] 根据本发明第一方面实施例的电动车辆1000的电池连接装置100,通过驱动组件20驱动充电端子10运动,进而驱动充电端子10的电连接部11与电池300结合或断开,以使两者导通时高压线40通电、电池300通过充电回路为负载500供电,两者断开时电池300与负载500之间的电连接断开,由此实现充电端子10与电池300的自动连接和断开,即实现了电池300供电和断电,安全性高。 [0046] The electric vehicle according to a first aspect of the embodiment of the present invention, the battery apparatus 100 is connected to 1000 through the drive assembly 20 drives the movement of the charging terminals 10, which in turn drives the charging unit is electrically connected to terminal 10 or 11 in combination with the battery 300 is disconnected, to when the high voltage line 40 so that the two conducting electricity, the battery charging circuit 300 by disconnecting the power supply to the load 500, when the two electrically disconnecting the battery 300 and 500 between the load, thereby achieving an automatic charging terminal 10 connected to the battery 300 and off, i.e. to achieve a battery power supply 300 on and off, high safety.

[0047] 根据本发明的一些实施例,如图5所示,驱动组件20包括:第一驱动件21和第二驱动件22,第一驱动件21设置在充电端子10上,第二驱动件22设置在电池300上。 [0047] According to some embodiments of the present invention, as shown in FIG drive assembly 520 comprising: a first driving member 21 and the member 22, the first driving member 21 disposed on the charging terminal 10, a second drive member driving the second 22 is provided on the battery 300. 第一驱动件21与第二驱动件22通过电磁感应吸合,第一驱动件21与第二驱动件22吸合时电连接部11与电池300导通。 The first driving member 21 and the second driving member 22 by electromagnetic induction pull, 21 and the portion 22 is electrically connected to a second energisation driving the first driving member 11 and the battery element 300 is turned on.

[0048] 由此,利用电磁感应原理使第一驱动件21和第二驱动件22在电磁感应产生的磁力作用下吸合,进而带动充电端子10靠近电池300运动,从而使电连接部11与电池300结合并导通,结构简单、紧凑,可靠性高。 [0048] Thus, using the principle of electromagnetic induction of the first driving member 21 and the second drive member 22 pull the magnetic force generated by electromagnetic induction, thereby bringing the rechargeable battery 10 close to the movable terminal 300, thereby electrically connecting portion 11 and the binding and cell 300 is turned on, the structure is simple, compact, high reliability.

[0049] 然而,第一驱动件21和第二驱动件22之间的结合不限于磁性吸合,本领域技术人员可以理解,第一驱动件21和第二驱动件22之间的结合还可以通过液压缸组件、连杆组件(包括但不限于四连杆组件)等伸缩驱动结构实现。 [0049] However, the first driving member 21 and the second drive member 22 is not limited to the binding between the magnetic pull, one skilled in the art can appreciate that the drive between the first member 22 and the second driving member 21 may also be by a hydraulic cylinder assembly, the linkage assembly (including but not limited to a four-bar linkage assembly) and the like to achieve a telescopic drive structure.

[0050] 在一个优选实施例中,第一驱动件21为电磁感应件,充电端子10上设有用于控制电磁感应件产生磁力的低压线50。 [0050] In a preferred embodiment, the first driving member 21 is an electromagnetic induction member, the charging terminal 10 is provided with a low pressure line for controlling the electromagnetic induction generates a magnetic force of the member 50. 具体地,第一驱动件21可以是电磁头,电池300的外壳形成为第二驱动件22,电池300的外壳为能够与电磁头吸附的金属件,低压线50导通时,低压线50内通过的电流产生磁场,并使第一驱动件21产生与第二驱动件22相吸引的磁吸力。 Specifically, the first drive member 21 may be an electromagnetic head, the battery case 300 is formed as a housing of the second driving member 22, the battery 300 is a metal member, when the low-voltage line 50 is turned on, and the low-voltage line capable of adsorbing the magnetic head 50 by current generates a magnetic field, and generates a first driving member 21 and the second driving member 22 relative to magnetic attraction force.

[0051] 这样,通过控制充电端子10上低压线50的导通和断开就能实现电连接部11与电池300的相应导通和断开,即实现高压线40的通电和断电,进而使高压线40通电时电池300通过充电回路对负载500供电,高压线40断电时可维修或更换电池300。 [0051] Thus, portion 11 can be electrically connected to the battery 300 corresponding to on and off, i.e. energized and deenergized achieved by controlling the charging high-voltage terminal 40 on the low-voltage line 10 is turned OFF and 50, thereby enabling when the high-voltage battery 40 is energized by the charging circuit 300 of the power load 500, 300 can repair or replace the battery 40 when high-voltage power failure.

[0052] 本领域技术人员可以理解,本发明并不限于此,在一些实施例中,第二驱动件22和第二驱动件22均为电磁感应件,相应地,充电端子10上有控制第一驱动件21产生磁力的低压线50,电池300上设有控制第二驱动件22产生磁力的低压线50,第一驱动件21的磁力与第二驱动件22的磁力使两者互相吸引并吸附在一起。 [0052] The skilled artisan will be appreciated, the present invention is not limited, in some embodiments, the second drive member 22 and the second driving member 22 are induction members, respectively, charged with a first control terminal 10 a driving element 21 generates a magnetic low-voltage line 50, the battery 300 is provided to control the second driving member 22 to generate a low pressure lines 50 of magnetic force, a magnetic force of the first driving member 21 and the second driving magnetic member 22 so that the two attracted to each other and attached to each other. 此外,在另一些实施例中,第二驱动件22为电磁感应件,电池300上设有用于控制第二驱动件22产生磁力的低压线50,由此亦能实现第一驱动件21与第二驱动件22的结合。 Further, in other embodiments, the second drive member 22 of the electromagnetic induction member is provided with a second driving member 22 for controlling the magnetic force of the low-voltage line 50 to the battery 300, thereby can also achieve the first driving member 21 22 in conjunction with the second drive member. 上述两个实施例均落入本申请的保护范畴内。 The above two embodiments are within the scope of protection of the present application.

[0053] 如图6所示,根据本发明的一些实施例,驱动组件20还包括复位件23,复位件23驱动第一驱动件21远离第二驱动件22且使电连接部11与电池300断开。 [0053] shown in Figure 6, according to some embodiments, the drive assembly 20 of the present invention further includes a reset member 23, the reset member 23 away from the first drive member 21 the drive member 22 and a second electrical connection portion 11 and the battery 300 disconnect. 这样,低压线50断电后,第一驱动件21与第二驱动件22脱离,第一驱动件21在复位件23的驱动下远离第一驱动件21运动,进而使充电端子10逐渐远离电池300,从而使电连接部11与电池300之间的电连接断开。 Thus, the low-pressure line 50 off the first driving member 21 out of engagement with the second drive member 22, drive member 21 away from the first movement of the first drive member 21 driven by the reset member 23, thereby moving away from the charging terminal 10 of the battery 300, so that the electrical connection between the battery 11 and the connecting portion 300 is electrically disconnected. 由此,充电端子10自动复位,使电连接部11与电池300保持一定距离,避免两者距离太近造成的误导通现象发生,可靠性更高。 Thereby, the charging terminal 10 is automatically reset, the electrical connection portion 11 and the battery 300 to maintain a certain distance, due both to avoid too close misled through phenomenon, and higher reliability.

[0054] 有利地,参照图6,电池连接装置100还包括导向部30,导向部30适于与电动车辆1000的车身400连接,充电端子10可滑动地设在导向部30上以使第一驱动件21可滑动地靠近或远离第二驱动件22。 [0054] Advantageously, with reference to FIG. 6, apparatus 100 further includes a battery connecting guide portion 30, the guide portion 30 is adapted to the body 400 of the electric vehicle 1000 is connected to the charging terminal 10 is slidably disposed on the guide portion 30 such that first slidably driving member 21 toward or away from the second driving member 22. 其中,导向部30与车身400固定连接。 Wherein the guide portion 400 is fixedly connected to the vehicle body 30. 由此,通过设置导向部30,使充电端子10沿预定直线轨迹运动以实现第一驱动件21与第二驱动件22的结合或脱离,进而使电连接部11与电池300相应导通或断开,充电端子10的运动更稳定、可靠。 Thus, by providing the guide portion 30, the charging terminal 10 is moved along a predetermined straight path to achieve a first driving member 21 and the second drive member 22 in conjunction with, or disengaged, thereby turning on or off the corresponding portion 11 is electrically connected to the battery 300 open, charging terminal 10 of the motion is more stable and reliable.

[0055] 可以理解的是,本发明并不限于此,例如,充电端子10还可以可转动地设置在导向部30上,电池300或充电端子10上设有保证在第一驱动件21与第二驱动件22结合时使电连接部11与电池300导通的定位件。 [0055] It will be appreciated that the present invention is not limited thereto, e.g., the charging terminal 10 may be rotatably provided on the guide portion 30, 21 is provided to ensure that the first and the second drive member 300 on the battery or the charging terminal 10 the electrical connection portion 11 and the battery 300 is turned on when the positioning member 22 in conjunction with the second drive member.

[0056] 根据本发明的一些实施例,复位件23为压缩弹簧,复位件23连接在导向部30与充电端子10之间。 [0056] According to some embodiments of the present invention, the reset element is a compression spring 23, the reset member 23 is connected between the guide portion 30 and the charging terminal 10. 这样,第一驱动件21靠近第二驱动件22运动并使电连接部11与电池300导通的过程中,复位件23被压缩;第一驱动件21与第二驱动件22脱离结合后,复位件23回位并带动第一驱动件21远离第二驱动件22,进而使电连接部11与电池300断开,由此实现了电池300高压线40的自动通电与断电,结构简单、成本低。 Thus, the first driving member 21 near the movement process of the second driving member 22 and is electrically connected to the battery 11 and the portion 300 is turned on, the reset member 23 is compressed; 21 and the second driving member 22 is disengaged from the first drive member, the reset member 23 and the return drive member 21 drives the first drive member 22 away from the second, and thus the electrical connection portion 300 and the battery 11 is disconnected, thereby realizing high-voltage battery 300 is automatically powered on and 40 off, simple structure, cost low.

[0057] 在图7所示的具体示例中,导向部30包括导向杆31,充电端子10上设有导向孔12,导向孔12可滑动地配合在导向杆31上。 [0057] In the specific example shown in FIG. 7, the guide portion 30 includes a guide rod 31, the charging terminal 12 is provided on the guide hole 10, the guide hole 12 slidably fitted in the guide rod 31. 导向部30包括与车身400连接的固定块以及连接在固定块上的导向杆31,导向杆31通过螺纹连接方式固定在固定块上,驱动组件20可驱动充电端子10在导向杆31上滑动以使电连接部11与电池300导通或断开。 The guide portion 30 includes a connection with the body 400 of the fixing block and a guide connected to the fixed block rod 31, the guide rod 31 is fixed to the fixing block, the drive assembly 20 may drive the charging terminals by a threaded connection 10 to slide on the guide rod 31 the electrical connection portion 11 and the battery 300 on or off.

[0058] 在一个优选实施例中,导向杆31的邻近电池300的一端具有第一止挡部311,导向孔12内具有第二止挡部121,复位件23位于第一止挡部311与第二止挡部121之间。 [0058] In a preferred embodiment, the battery 31 adjacent the end 300 of guide bar 311 has a first stopper, stopper guide hole portion 121 having a second stopper portion 12, the reset member 23 is in the first stopper portion 311 and The second stop between the stopper portion 121. 参照图5和图7,复位件23为压缩弹簧时,压缩弹簧的两端分别与第一止挡部311、第二止挡部121相对,压缩弹簧的两端可以相应地与第一止挡部311、第二止挡部121连接或止抵。 Referring to FIGS. 5 and 7, the reset member 23 is a compression spring, the compression of the ends of the spring with the first stopper portion 311, opposite the second stop 121, a compression spring may ends respectively with the first stop block portion 311, a second stop portion or stop abutment 121 is connected. 由此,复位件23能够更稳定、可靠地实现电连接部11与电池300的脱离。 Accordingly, the reset member 23 can be more stable and reliable electrical connection portion 11 from the battery 300.

[0059] 进一步地,导向杆31为阶梯轴,阶梯轴的轴颈形成为第一止挡部311,导向孔12为阶梯孔,阶梯孔的过渡面形成为第二止挡部121,复位件23套设在阶梯轴和阶梯孔之间。 [0059] Further, the guide rod 31 is a stepped shaft, a journal is formed as a stepped shaft portion of the first stopper 311, guide hole 12 is a stepped bore, the transition surface is formed as a stepped bore portion of the second stopper 121, the reset member sleeve 23 is provided between the stepped bore and the stepped shaft. 具体而言,阶梯轴包括依次连接的第一轴和第二轴,第一轴和第二轴之间的轴颈形成为第一止挡部311。 Specifically, the second axle journal between the first stepped shaft and the second shaft comprising a first shaft and connected in sequence to form a first stopper portion 311. 导向孔12包括第一孔段和第二孔段,第一孔段和第二孔段之间的过渡面形成为第二止挡部121。 Guide hole 12 includes a transition surface between the first bore section and a second bore section, a first bore section and a second bore section formed as a second stopper portion 121.

[0060] 其中,导向孔12可以全部或部分形成在第一驱动件21上,第一驱动件21通过连接隔板连接在充电端子10上,导向孔12依次贯通第一驱动件21以及连接隔板。 [0060] wherein all or a portion 12 may be formed in the first guide hole 21 on the drive member, the drive member 21 connected by a first partition plate 10 is connected, a first driver 12 sequentially through the guide hole 21 and the connecting member at the charging terminal compartment board.

[0061] 在一些实施例中,第一驱动件21的数量为多个且沿充电端子10的周向均匀分布,导向部30与电磁感应件一一对应。 [0061] In some embodiments, the number of the first driving member 21 and a plurality of evenly distributed, the guide portion 30 one correspondence with the electromagnetic induction charging terminal member 10 in the circumferential direction. 在图7所示的具体示例中,第一驱动件21的个数为两个,充电端子10的横截面为长方形,第一驱动件21相对充电端子10的宽度方向对称分布。 In the specific example shown in Figure 7, the number of the first driving member 21 is two, the charging terminal 10 is a cross-sectional rectangular shape, a first driving member 21 relative to the width direction of the terminal 10 of the charging symmetry. 由此,增强了第一驱动件21与第二驱动件22结合的吸引力,便于充电端子10与电池300的紧密结合。 Thereby, the first reinforcing member 21 in combination with a second drive member 22 driving attraction, to facilitate charging terminal 10 and the closely battery 300.

[0062] 此外,电动车辆1000还包括:控制元件以及供电模块。 [0062] In addition, the electric vehicle 1000 further comprising: a control element and a power supply module. 供电模块与低压线50相连通以为低压线50供电,控制元件与供电模块相连通以控制低压线50的通断。 The power supply module 50 communicates with the low pressure line that the low pressure supply line 50, and a control element for controlling the power supply module is connected via a low pressure line 50 is off.

[0063] 由此,本发明实施例的电动车辆1000,通过控制元件控制供电模块对低压线50的供电以及断电,进而驱使第一驱动件21与第二驱动件22结合或脱离,以使充电端子10的电连接部11、电池300所在的充电回路的高压线40相应带电或断电,不仅安全性高,而且便于电池300的更换维修。 [0063] Thus, the electric vehicle of the embodiment of the present invention is 1000, the control element of the low-voltage line power supply module 50 and a power-down, thereby driving the first driving member 21 and the second driving member 22 is bonded or disengaged, so that charging terminal 11 is electrically connected to the portion 10, high voltage charging circuit 40 of battery 300 is located on or off the corresponding charging, not only safe, but also the maintenance easy replacement of the battery 300.

[0064] 在本发明的描述中,需要理解的是,术语“中心”、“纵向”、“横向”、“长度”、“宽度”、“厚度”、“上”、“下”、“前”、“后”、“左”、“右”、“竖直”、“水平”、“顶”、“底” “内”、“外”、“顺时针”、“逆时针”、“轴向”、“径向”、“周向”等指示的方位或位置关系为基于附图所示的方位或位置关系,仅是为了便于描述本发明和简化描述,而不是指示或暗示所指的装置或元件必须具有特定的方位、以特定的方位构造和操作,因此不能理解为对本发明的限制。 [0064] In the description of the present invention, it is to be understood that the term "center", "longitudinal", "lateral", "length", "width", "thickness", "upper", "lower", "front "," rear "," left "," right "," vertical "," horizontal "," top "," bottom "," inner "," outer "," clockwise "," counterclockwise "," axis to "," radial "," circumferential "and indicates the position or location or orientation relationship positional relationship shown in the accompanying drawings, for convenience of description only and the present invention is to simplify the description, not indicate or imply referred devices or elements must have a specific orientation, the orientation of a particular configuration and operation, can not be construed as limiting the present invention.

[0065] 此外,术语“第一”、“第二”仅用于描述目的,而不能理解为指示或暗示相对重要性或者隐含指明所指示的技术特征的数量。 [0065] In addition, the terms "first", "second" are used to indicate or imply relative importance or the number of technical features specified implicitly indicated the purpose of description and should not be understood. 由此,限定有“第一”、“第二”的特征可以明示或者隐含地包括至少一个该特征。 Thus, there is defined "first", "second" features may be explicitly or implicitly include at least one of the feature. 在本发明的描述中,“多个”的含义是至少两个,例如两个,三个等,除非另有明确具体的限定。 In the description of the present invention, the meaning of the "plurality" is at least two, e.g. two, three, etc., unless explicitly specifically limited.

[0066] 在本发明中,除非另有明确的规定和限定,术语“安装”、“相连”、“连接”、“固定”等术语应做广义理解,例如,可以是固定连接,也可以是可拆卸连接,或成一体;可以是机械连接,也可以是电连接或彼此可通讯;可以是直接相连,也可以通过中间媒介间接相连,可以是两个元件内部的连通或两个元件的相互作用关系,除非另有明确的限定。 [0066] In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly specified or limited, the terms "mounted," "connected," "connected," "fixed" and like terms are to be broadly understood, for example, may be a fixed connection, may be detachable connection, or integrally; may be a mechanical connector may be electrically connected or communicate with one another; may be directly connected, it can also be connected indirectly via an intermediate medium, or may be interconnected inside the two elements of the two elements effect relationship, unless otherwise expressly limited. 对于本领域的普通技术人员而言,可以根据具体情况理解上述术语在本发明中的具体含义。 Those of ordinary skill in the art, to be understood that the specific meanings in the present invention depending on the circumstances.

[0067] 在本发明中,除非另有明确的规定和限定,第一特征在第二特征“上”或“下”可以是第一和第二特征直接接触,或第一和第二特征通过中间媒介间接接触。 [0067] In the present invention, unless otherwise expressly specified or limited, the first feature in the "on" a second or "lower" may be in direct contact with the first and second characteristic or the first and second characteristics by intermediary indirect contact. 而且,第一特征在第二特征“之上”、“上方”和“上面”可是第一特征在第二特征正上方或斜上方,或仅仅表示第一特征水平高度高于第二特征。 Also, the first feature a second feature in the "on", "above" and "upper" But first feature a second feature directly above or obliquely upward or simply represents a first characteristic level is higher than the height of the second feature. 第一特征在第二特征“之下”、“下方”和“下面”可以是第一特征在第二特征正下方或斜下方,或仅仅表示第一特征水平高度小于第二特征。 In the first feature a second feature "beneath", "below" and "lower" may be just below the first feature or the second feature obliquely downward, or just less than the level represented by the first feature a second feature.

[0068] 在本说明书的描述中,参考术语“一个实施例”、“一些实施例”、“示例”、“具体示例”、或“一些示例”等的描述意指结合该实施例或示例描述的具体特征、结构、材料或者特点包含于本发明的至少一个实施例或示例中。 [0068] In the description of the present specification, reference to the term "one embodiment," "some embodiments", "an example", "a specific example", or "some examples" means that a description of the exemplary embodiment or embodiments described a particular feature, structure, material, or characteristic is included in at least one embodiment of the present invention, embodiments or examples. 在本说明书中,对上述术语的示意性表述不必须针对的是相同的实施例或示例。 In the present specification, a schematic representation of the above terms must not be the same for the embodiment or exemplary embodiments. 而且,描述的具体特征、结构、材料或者特点可以在任一个或多个实施例或示例中以合适的方式结合。 Furthermore, the particular features, structures, materials, or characteristics described may be in any one or more embodiments or examples combined in suitable manner. 此外,在不相互矛盾的情况下,本领域的技术人员可以将本说明书中描述的不同实施例或示例以及不同实施例或示例的特征进行结合和组合。 Furthermore, different embodiments or examples and embodiments or features of different exemplary embodiments without conflicting, those skilled in the art described in this specification can be combined and the combination thereof.

[0069] 尽管上面已经示出和描述了本发明的实施例,可以理解的是,上述实施例是示例性的,不能理解为对本发明的限制,本领域的普通技术人员在本发明的范围内可以对上述实施例进行变化、修改、替换和变型。 [0069] Although the above has been illustrated and described embodiments of the present invention, it is understood that the above embodiments are exemplary and are not to be construed as limiting the present invention, within the scope of the invention to those of ordinary skill in the art It may be variations of the above embodiments, modifications, alternatives, and modifications.

Claims (14)

  1. 1.一种电动车辆,其特征在于,包括: 车身,所述车身内限定出高压线分布腔; 高压线,所述高压线分布在所述高压线分布腔内且所述高压线的第一端与充电端子连接,所述充电端子用于与电池电连接,所述高压线的第二端与负载连接。 An electric vehicle comprising: a vehicle body, the inner body defining a high-voltage distribution chamber; high voltage, the high voltage of the high voltage distribution in the distribution chamber and said first end connected to the high voltage charging terminal a charging terminal for connection to the battery, the high voltage end of the second load connection.
  2. 2.根据权利要求1所述的电动车辆,其特征在于,所述车身包括: 前围内板,所述前围内板内限定出第一分腔; 侧围外板,所述侧围外板内限定出第二分腔;以及轮罩内板,所述轮罩内板与所述侧围外板共同限定出第三分腔,所述第一分腔、所述第二分腔、所述第三分腔自前向后依次连接且共同构成所述高压线分布腔。 The electric vehicle according to claim 1, wherein said vehicle body comprising: a cowl inner panel, the front inner cowl inner panel defining a first sub-space; side outer panel, the outer side panel an inner panel defining a second sub-space; and a wheel house inner panel, said wheel cover plate and the side wall outer panel together defining a third sub-space, the first sub-space, the second sub-space, the third sub-space from the front and back are sequentially connected together constitute the high-voltage distribution chamber.
  3. 3.根据权利要求2所述的电动车辆,其特征在于,所述侧围外板包括依次连接的内侧板、底板和外侧板,所述第二分腔由所述内侧板、所述底板、所述外侧板共同限定出,所述内侧板上设有通过孔,所述第一分腔和所述第二分腔通过所述通过孔相连通。 The electric vehicle according to claim 2, wherein said plate includes an inner side outer panel are connected in sequence, and the outer bottom plate, said second sub-chamber is defined by the inner plate, the bottom plate, the outer plate together define said inner plate is provided with through holes, the first sub-chamber and said second sub-chamber through the passage hole communicates.
  4. 4.根据权利要求3所述的电动车辆,其特征在于,所述车身还包括门槛内板,所述门槛内板位于所述第二分腔内且连接在所述底板上,所述高压线位于所述门槛内板与所述内侧板之间。 4. The electric vehicle according to claim 3, wherein said body further includes an inner rocker panel, the rocker inner panel positioned in the second cavity and connecting points on the base plate, located in the high-voltage said sill plate and between the inner plate.
  5. 5.根据权利要求3所述的电动车辆,其特征在于,所述轮罩内板与所述底板相连且所述轮罩内板、所述内侧板、所述外侧板共同限定出所述第三分腔。 The electric vehicle according to claim 3, wherein the wheel housing inner panel coupled to said base plate and said wheel housing inner panel, the inner panel, the outer side of the first plate together define an third of the chamber.
  6. 6.根据权利要求1所述的电动车辆,其特征在于,所述电动车辆还包括电池连接装置,所述电池连接装置包括: 充电端子,所述充电端子具有用于与电池连接的电连接部,所述电连接部与所述负载通过所述高压线连接; 驱动组件,所述驱动组件用于驱动所述充电端子运动以控制所述电连接部与所述电池的导通和断开,所述电连接部与所述电池导通时所述电池、所述电连接部、所述高压线、所述负载形成充电回路。 The electric vehicle according to claim 1, wherein the electric vehicle further includes a battery connecting means connecting said battery means comprising: a charging terminal, the charge terminal having a connection portion for electrically connecting the battery the electrical connection portion with the high-voltage load through said connection; drive assembly, the drive assembly for driving the motion to the charging terminal of the conduction control portion electrically connected to the battery on and off, the when said battery is electrically connected to the conductive portion of the battery, the electrical connection section, the high voltage, the load charging circuit is formed.
  7. 7.根据权利要求1所述的电动车辆,其特征在于,所述驱动组件包括: 设置在所述充电端子上的第一驱动件;以及设置在所述电池上的第二驱动件,所述第一驱动件与所述第二驱动件通过电磁感应吸合,所述第一驱动件与所述第二驱动件吸合时所述电连接部与所述电池导通。 The electric vehicle according to claim 1, wherein said drive assembly comprising: a first driver disposed in the charging member at the terminal; and a second drive member disposed on the battery, the first driver and the second driver pull element by electromagnetic induction, said first member and said second drive member driving said suction portion is electrically connected to the battery timely conduction.
  8. 8.根据权利要求7所述的电动车辆,其特征在于,所述第一驱动件为电磁感应件,所述充电端子上设有用于控制所述电磁感应件产生磁力的低压线。 8. The electric vehicle according to claim 7, wherein said first driving member is an electromagnetic induction member, said charging cable is provided for controlling the low-pressure electromagnetic induction generates a magnetic force on the terminal member.
  9. 9.根据权利要求7所述的电动车辆,其特征在于,所述驱动组件还包括复位件,所述复位件驱动所述第一驱动件远离所述第二驱动件且使所述电连接部与所述电池脱离。 9. The electric vehicle according to claim 7, wherein the drive assembly further includes a reset member, said reset driving member drives the first member away from the second member and the driving portion is electrically connected from the battery.
  10. 10.根据权利要求9所述的电动车辆,其特征在于,所述电池连接装置还包括导向部,所述导向部适于与电动车辆的车身连接,所述充电端子可滑动地设在所述导向部上以使所述第一驱动件可滑动地靠近或远离所述第二驱动件。 The electric vehicle according to claim 9, wherein said connecting means further includes a battery guide portion, said guide portion adapted to be connected to the body of the electric vehicle, the charging terminal slidably disposed in said the guide portion so that the first drive member is slidably toward or away from the second driving member.
  11. 11.根据权利要求10所述的电动车辆,其特征在于,所述复位件为压缩弹簧,所述复位件连接在所述导向部与所述充电端子之间。 11. The electric vehicle according to claim 10, characterized in that the return member is a compression spring, the return member coupled between the guide portion and the charging terminal.
  12. 12.根据权利要求10所述的电动车辆,其特征在于,所述导向部具有导向杆,所述电磁感应件上设有导向孔,所述导向杆可滑动地配合在所述导向孔内。 12. The electric vehicle according to claim 10, wherein said guide portion has a guide rod, a guide hole is provided on the electromagnetic induction member, the guide rod slidably fitted in the guide hole.
  13. 13.根据权利要求12所述的电动车辆,其特征在于,所述导向杆的邻近所述电池的一端具有第一止挡部,所述导向孔内具有第二止挡部,所述复位件位于所述第一止挡部与所述第二止挡部之间。 The electric vehicle as claimed in claim 12, wherein one end of the guide rod adjacent to the cell having a first stop portion, said guide hole having a second stop portion, said reset member located between the first stopper portion and the second stopper portion.
  14. 14.根据权利要求1-13中任一项所述的电动车辆,其特征在于,所述电磁感应件的数量为多个且沿所述主体的周向均匀分布,所述导向部与所述电磁感应件一一对应。 According to claim 1-13 electric vehicle as claimed in any one of, wherein the number of said plurality of electromagnetic induction member and the body along a circumferentially uniform distribution of the guide portion and the one-piece electromagnetic induction.
CN 201510585264 2015-09-15 2015-09-15 Electric vehicles CN105109426B (en)

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