CN105052667A - Grape cultivation method - Google Patents

Grape cultivation method Download PDF

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Publication number
CN105052667A
CN105052667A CN201510457934.2A CN201510457934A CN105052667A CN 105052667 A CN105052667 A CN 105052667A CN 201510457934 A CN201510457934 A CN 201510457934A CN 105052667 A CN105052667 A CN 105052667A
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
climing
grape
stems
planting
planting ditch
Prior art date
Legal status (The legal status is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the status listed.)
Pending
Application number
CN201510457934.2A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
关荣华
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
Luzhai Yukang Fruit Professional Cooperatives
Original Assignee
Luzhai Yukang Fruit Professional Cooperatives
Priority date (The priority date is an assumption and is not a legal conclusion. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation as to the accuracy of the date listed.)
Filing date
Publication date
Application filed by Luzhai Yukang Fruit Professional Cooperatives filed Critical Luzhai Yukang Fruit Professional Cooperatives
Priority to CN201510457934.2A priority Critical patent/CN105052667A/en
Publication of CN105052667A publication Critical patent/CN105052667A/en
Pending legal-status Critical Current

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Classifications

    • AHUMAN NECESSITIES
    • A01AGRICULTURE; FORESTRY; ANIMAL HUSBANDRY; HUNTING; TRAPPING; FISHING
    • A01GHORTICULTURE; CULTIVATION OF VEGETABLES, FLOWERS, RICE, FRUIT, VINES, HOPS OR SEAWEED; FORESTRY; WATERING
    • A01G17/00Cultivation of hops, vines, fruit trees, or like trees
    • A01G17/02Cultivation of hops or vines

Abstract

The invention, which belongs to the technical field of fruit growing, discloses a grape cultivation method. The method comprises: A, a plurality of trenches are dug in a greenhouse and a protective screen is arranged at the inner wall of the each trench in an encircling mode; and the protective screens encircle planting furrows and base fertilizer applying and earthing are carried out in the planting furrows; B, planting of grape seedlings is carried out in all planting furrows, a plurality of support rods are arranged in the greenhouse, and a plurality of ropes crisscrossed are arranged at the upper sides of the support rods; and C, grape plant buds are removed and trunks are kept; when the trunks grow to 1.7 to 19 m, trimming is carried out and two main stems are selected and kept, the two main stems are bound to the ropes respectively at negative directions; and when the main stems grow to 15 m, trimming is carried out on the main stems and two secondary stems are selected and kept; and then the each two secondary stems are bound to the ropes respectively at negative directions. According to the invention, problems that the water and fertilizer utilization rates are low because of random spreading of root hairs and the fruiting stems are close to the soil and thus are vulnerable to germs during the existing grape cultivation can be solved.

Description

Grape cultivation method
Technical field
The present invention relates to fruit tree cultivation technical field, especially a kind of cultivation method of grape.
Background technology
Grape is the fruit of Vitaceae fallen leaves bejuco, and be described as first of the large fruit in the world four, it contains abundant vitamin, amino acid, protein, raw fiber and lecithin etc.; There is the preventive and therapeutic action to cardiovascular and cerebrovascular diseases.Grape is perennial vine fruit, and existing viticultural method comprises following operating procedure: a, whole ground built, in the vineyard on earth ground, according to line-spacing dig north and south row to be the field planting ditch of 60 centimetres deeply, and discharge base manure in field planting ditch, carry out the furrow ridge; Then along the center line of grape transplanting stock ditch at interval of the vertical concrete column of 5 meters of distances, more respectively on every root concrete column apart from soil 80 centimeters regular length be 50 centimetres first crossbeam, 125 centimeters regular lengths be the second cross beam of 70 centimetres, being 80 centimetres in 170 centimeters regular lengths, the 3rd crossbeam carries out built; B, field planting, be colonizated in field planting ditch by grape seedlings; C, plant prune bondage, remove plant sprouting, stay trunk, and when trunk grows to 70 centimetres high, it is climing to prune two masters that select and remain, and makes main climing outfit 14 to 16 lateral bines afterwards, in fan-shaped bondage on frame face.The cultivation method of this grape also exists: a1, be upwards extending transversely due to the coring of grape, and its coring spreading range is extensive, causes the problem that water and fertilizer utilization is low; B1, prune when to grow to 70 centimetres high due to trunk and select and remain point climing, cause bottom complicated and confused from soil close together, easy bacteria infection, affects the problem of fruit quality.
Summary of the invention
Technical problem to be solved by this invention is to provide a kind of root-limiting cultivating method of grape, and this method can solve coring in existing viticulture and arbitrarily expand, and causes that water and fertilizer utilization is low and result is climing from soil close together, the problem of easy bacteria infection.
In order to solve the problem, the technical solution adopted in the present invention is: this grape cultivation method, includes following steps:
A, in canopy, dig Duo Tiaogou, the inwall along every bar ditch arranges the barrier around structure respectively; Barrier encloses field planting ditch, basal dressing earthing in field planting ditch;
B, grape seedlings is colonizated in each field planting ditch; Then multiple support bar is set in canopy, and many crisscross cotton ropes are set on the top of these support bars;
C, plant are pruned to draw and tie up: remove grapevine seedling sprouting, stay trunk, prune two masters that select and remain when trunk grows to 1.7 ~ 1.9 meters high climing, and be separately strapped on described cotton rope in the other direction by climing for these two masters, when main climing grow to 1.5 meters long time, main climing on to prune two pairs of secondarys of selecting and remain respectively climing; And often pair of climing opposite direction respectively of secondary is strapped on described cotton rope.
In technique scheme, technical scheme can also be more specifically: described barrier is the body of wall be built into masonry, and at least 50 centimetres, underground is stretched in the lower end of described body of wall, and upper end is above ground level.
Further: to be provided with drip irrigation pipe and humidity sensor in described field planting ditch, described humidity sensor is electrically connected with the magnetic valve being arranged on described drip irrigation pipe water inlet by controller.
Owing to have employed technique scheme, the present invention compared with prior art has following beneficial effect:
1, owing to arranging the barrier around structure respectively along the inwall of every bar ditch; Barrier encloses field planting ditch, limits the extending transversely of grapevine seedling coring; Not only be beneficial to european grape root and must save liquid manure to the absorption of liquid manure;
2, climing owing to pruning two masters that select and remain when trunk grows to 1.7 meters to 1.9 meters high, and be separately strapped on cotton rope in the other direction by climing for these two masters, when main climing grow to 1.5 meters long time, main climing on to prune two pairs of secondarys of selecting and remain respectively climing; And often pair of climing opposite direction respectively of secondary is strapped on cotton rope; Make grape branches and tendrils be laid on cotton rope with H type, its branches and tendrils are distant from soil, not easily bacteria infection, and solar radiation is even, is beneficial to fruit growth;
3, owing to being provided with drip irrigation pipe and humidity sensor in field planting ditch, humidity sensor is electrically connected with the magnetic valve being arranged on described drip irrigation pipe water inlet by controller; Wherein humidity sensor can respond to the soil moisture value in field planting ditch in real time, and by this value transmit to controller, when soil moisture is less than controller preset value, controller and Controlling solenoid valve are opened, drip irrigation pipe water spray is irrigated grapevine seedling, and when soil moisture is greater than controller preset value, controller and Controlling solenoid valve are closed, stop the irrigation to grapevine seedling, achieve the automatic control of irrigation.
Embodiment
Below in conjunction with embodiment, the invention will be further described:
This grape cultivation method, includes following steps:
A, put up the booth of arch, in canopy, digging many according to line-spacing, what be parallel to each other is 60 centimetres deeply, the ditch of wide 3 meters; The height built respectively around this ditch along the inwall of each ditch is again 70 centimetres, its lower end stretch into subsurface 50 centimetres, 20 centimetres above ground level, wide is the enclosure wall be built into masonry of 50 centimetres, is field planting ditch in enclosure wall, basal dressing earthing in field planting ditch; Then in canopy, arrange the support bar of rectangular arrangement, and connect many crisscross cotton ropes on the top of these support bars, form the net of a sheet of planar, the height on this net distance ground is 1.8 ~ 2 meters; Be provided with drip irrigation pipe and humidity sensor in field planting ditch, humidity sensor is electrically connected with the magnetic valve being arranged on drip irrigation pipe water inlet by controller;
B, field planting: grape seedlings is colonizated in field planting ditch by the length direction along field planting ditch;
C, plant are pruned to draw and tie up: remove grapevine seedling sprouting, stay trunk, prune two masters that select and remain when trunk grows to 1.7 ~ 1.9 meters high climing, and by climing for these two masters be separately strapped in the other direction online, when main climing grow to 1.5 meters long time, main climing on to prune two pairs of secondarys of selecting and remain respectively climing; And often pair of climing opposite direction respectively of secondary is strapped in online.

Claims (3)

1. a grape cultivation method, is characterized in that: include following steps:
A, in canopy, dig Duo Tiaogou, the inwall along every bar ditch arranges the barrier around structure respectively; Barrier encloses field planting ditch, basal dressing earthing in field planting ditch;
B, grape seedlings is colonizated in each field planting ditch; Then multiple support bar is set in canopy, and many crisscross cotton ropes are set on the top of these support bars;
C, plant are pruned to draw and tie up: remove grapevine seedling sprouting, stay trunk, prune two masters that select and remain when trunk grows to 1.7 ~ 1.9 meters high climing, and be separately strapped on described cotton rope in the other direction by climing for these two masters, when main climing grow to 1.5 meters long time, main climing on to prune two pairs of secondarys of selecting and remain respectively climing; And often pair of climing opposite direction respectively of secondary is strapped on described cotton rope.
2. grape cultivation method according to claim 1, is characterized in that: described barrier is the body of wall be built into masonry, and at least 50 centimetres, underground is stretched in the lower end of described body of wall, and upper end is above ground level.
3. grape cultivation method according to claim 1 and 2, is characterized in that: be provided with drip irrigation pipe and humidity sensor in described field planting ditch, and described humidity sensor is electrically connected with the magnetic valve being arranged on described drip irrigation pipe water inlet by controller.
CN201510457934.2A 2015-07-30 2015-07-30 Grape cultivation method Pending CN105052667A (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510457934.2A CN105052667A (en) 2015-07-30 2015-07-30 Grape cultivation method

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN201510457934.2A CN105052667A (en) 2015-07-30 2015-07-30 Grape cultivation method

Publications (1)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN105052667A true CN105052667A (en) 2015-11-18

Family

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN201510457934.2A Pending CN105052667A (en) 2015-07-30 2015-07-30 Grape cultivation method

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN105052667A (en)

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106613719A (en) * 2016-11-26 2017-05-10 阜阳金满地生态农业科技股份有限公司 High-yield grape planting method
CN107027587A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-08-11 海门市杰渊农产品有限公司 High-yield viticulture method
CN107114201A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-09-01 海门市兵杰农产品有限公司 Red grape culturing method

Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4665645A (en) * 1985-07-26 1987-05-19 Schau Iii Howard Structurally degradable root directive tree planter box
CN101548636A (en) * 2009-05-13 2009-10-07 西北农林科技大学 A method suitable for cultivating grape in poor soil regions
CN101695266A (en) * 2009-10-26 2010-04-21 宫兆宏 Method for managing grape culture
US20120102832A1 (en) * 2010-11-02 2012-05-03 Baron Richard S Method of Growing Grapevines
CN203233449U (en) * 2013-04-22 2013-10-09 嘉兴学院 Wireless sensor network system for grape cultivation environment monitoring

Patent Citations (5)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4665645A (en) * 1985-07-26 1987-05-19 Schau Iii Howard Structurally degradable root directive tree planter box
CN101548636A (en) * 2009-05-13 2009-10-07 西北农林科技大学 A method suitable for cultivating grape in poor soil regions
CN101695266A (en) * 2009-10-26 2010-04-21 宫兆宏 Method for managing grape culture
US20120102832A1 (en) * 2010-11-02 2012-05-03 Baron Richard S Method of Growing Grapevines
CN203233449U (en) * 2013-04-22 2013-10-09 嘉兴学院 Wireless sensor network system for grape cultivation environment monitoring

Non-Patent Citations (2)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Title
严大义 等: "《葡萄生产关键技术百问百答》", 31 January 2012, 中国农业出版社 *
高登涛: "《葡萄专业户实用手册》", 30 September 2012, 中国农业出版社 *

Cited By (3)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN106613719A (en) * 2016-11-26 2017-05-10 阜阳金满地生态农业科技股份有限公司 High-yield grape planting method
CN107114201A (en) * 2017-03-10 2017-09-01 海门市兵杰农产品有限公司 Red grape culturing method
CN107027587A (en) * 2017-03-31 2017-08-11 海门市杰渊农产品有限公司 High-yield viticulture method

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Application publication date: 20151118

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