CN104975580A - Electric sanitation vehicle - Google Patents

Electric sanitation vehicle Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104975580A
CN104975580A CN201410142275.9A CN201410142275A CN104975580A CN 104975580 A CN104975580 A CN 104975580A CN 201410142275 A CN201410142275 A CN 201410142275A CN 104975580 A CN104975580 A CN 104975580A
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China
Prior art keywords
gear
roller
pivoted arm
wheel
vehicle
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CN201410142275.9A
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Chinese (zh)
Inventor
陈茹
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陈茹
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Priority to CN201410142275.9A priority Critical patent/CN104975580A/en
Publication of CN104975580A publication Critical patent/CN104975580A/en
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Abstract

The invention discloses an electric sanitation vehicle. The vehicle is a four-wheeler which is in a tricycle form and provided with two stages of speed, namely high speed and low speed, an accumulator set (16), a gasoline direct current generator (19), a water tank (17), a water spray device, a garbage bin, a liftable belt conveying device (29), a top rack (18) and the like are installed on the vehicle, a set of roller brushes are installed on the top rack, during the sweeping work, the generator is started for providing power supply for all direct current motors configured on the vehicle, a cleaner can control the vehicle to conduct the cleaning at the speed of 0-5 Km/h by selecting either driving on the vehicle or remote control away from the vehicle, and when the garbage bin is filled with garbage, the vehicle is stopped for replacing the garbage bin with a standby garbage bin and placing the standby garbage bin to the right position before starting the vehicle for continuing with the sweeping; as for non-sweeping work, the generator stops working, the accumulator set provides power supply for a rear axle driving motor (25), two manually-operated crank elements (13, 22) are controlled to lift the top rack together with the five roller brushes off the ground, the belt conveying device is lifted so that an approach bridge can get off the ground, and the vehicle is shifted to the high gear through a shift handle (7) and driven to run within the speed range from 0 Km/h to 20 Km/h.

Description

Electric cleaning vehicle
1. art:
The present invention relates to the public place such as urban road, cities and towns, residential quarters and plant area cleaning rubbish electric cleaning vehicle.
2. background technology:
At present, the main stem refuse sweeping of urban district, China cities and towns road completes mainly with medium-sized street cleaner, and this car body is long-pending greatly, road occupying is wide, work noise is large, cleaning has omission; And keeping a public place clean of auxiliary road adopts hand sweeping substantially, in addition, place and the keeping a public place clean of road of the public place such as residential quarters, plant area, station, square in cities and towns are also complete in the mode of hand sweeping substantially, as everyone knows, manually keeping a public place clean, labour intensity is large, efficiency is low, in cleaning process dust large, have obstruction to pedestrian and vehicle, along with the rapid propelling of China's urbanization, it is sick and urgently to be resolved hurrily that the problems referred to above have become the dirt of urban development.
3. summary of the invention:
The electric cleaning vehicle that the present invention designs to be provided is the carriage of tricycle vehicle, its essential structure is: two front-wheels are respectively by the two ends of bearing assemble in minor axis, with minor axis with the axis of orientation of hinge-coupled by bearing assemble in the vertical fixed sleeving of front-wheel damping pivoted arm, hand is being connected with axis of orientation by universal drive shaft, front-wheel damping pivoted arm and chassis are that pivoted arm damping connects, and are provided with the worm and gear transfer, stop device and the axis of orientation automatic resetting device that control with electronic romote-controller in the direction control mechanism of front-wheel; Driver can control vehicle parking braking by remote controller or make front-wheel steer in the radius of setting, and during without steering operation, axis of orientation controls to make front-wheel keep straight travel state by automatic resetting mechanism.
With the upper frame bottom of hinge-coupled, two pairs of herringbone roller brushes are installed with front-wheel damping pivoted arm and frame type pivoted arm respectively, one straight to roller brush, the disk besom of right front and " people " the sub-shape rubber baffle etc. that falls, upper frame is controlled to be elevated by two hand crank, frame type pivoted arm and staged back axle are fixedly connected, in the mode of drawer, belt conveyor be installed in its framework and have locking mechanism to coordinate locking, belt conveyor is by upper, lower two belt conveyor cooperatings, the belt conveyor lower end fixed installation access bridge of its underpart, access bridge there is a pair thumb wheel, the bracket of its afterbody is mounted with one coordinates splendid attire rubbish dustbin with belt conveyor.
Be fixedly installed in a left side for staged back axle, a set of combined type pot body device by braking mechanism and planetary gear reducing mechanism is installed in right two rear-wheel hubs respectively, planetary gear reducing mechanism in two assorted pot body devices is controlled by an operating grip can respectively with height, low two-stage rotating speed drives two trailing wheels, the front end of front-wheel damping pivoted arm is installed with water jet, chassis is mounted with water tank and six dustbins for subsequent use, in the casing driving a bottom, a group storage battery and a gasoline dc generator are installed, the worm and gear of front-wheel remote control steering device, four rollers of two pairs of herringbone roller brushes, one directly to the roller of roller brush, two thumb wheels, a disk besom and back axle are driven separately by a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator respectively, water pump is by a DC motor Driver.
The basic methods of electric cleaning vehicle is: in cleaning works, all direct current generators that vehicle configures are by generator powered, the planetary gear reducing mechanism of two trailing wheels is made to be in synchronizing unlocking state by change lever, belt conveyor is transferred to and is made access bridge kiss the earth, upper frame is transferred to and is made five roller brushes appropriateness kiss the earths, vehicle 0-5Km speed per hour section operation and make water jet, disk besom, five roller brushes and a belt conveyor operation; Now, water jet squirts between sweeping area, subsequently, the rubbish of curb root on the right side of road scans out by disk besom, rubbish converges by the two pairs of herringbone roller brushes to be swept to center and is served access bridge to roller brush delivered on the belt of lower belt conveyer by a pair thumb wheel on access bridge again by straight, trash folder is delivered in the dustbin on tail-bracket by upper and lower conveyer belt, and when dustbin is filled, the dustbin for subsequent use on chassis is switched to lay and can be driven to continue cleaning by parking; In cleaning works, driver can descend remote controller for vehicle operating and controlling vehicle to make it turn to or stopping brake.
Need vehicle when non-cleaning state is run, generator quits work, and makes planetary gear reducing mechanism be in genlocing state by change lever, rotates two hand crank and makes upper frame leave ground together with all roller brush risings; Pull belt conveyor makes it move away ground obliquely together with access bridge, by changeover switch, rear bridge driven motor is powered by a group storage battery, and the speed per hour interval that vehicle travels is 0-20Km.
The invention has the beneficial effects as follows: the range of application of electric cleaning vehicle is wide, road occupying is narrow, energy consumption is low, efficiency is high, do not play dirt, its cleaning width is large and without omission.
4. the technical solution adopted for the present invention to solve the technical problems:
The electric cleaning vehicle that the present invention designs to be provided is the carriage of tricycle vehicle, its essential structure is: two front-wheels are respectively by the two ends of bearing assemble in minor axis, the inverted U-shaped fork body being welded in the middle part ear seat of minor axis and the lower end of axis of orientation assembles with longitudinal bearing pin and connects, the axis of orientation of hollow body is by bearing assemble in the vertical fixed sleeving of front-wheel damping pivoted arm front portion, and the top of axis of orientation is provided with automatic resetting device and the transfer that controls with electronic romote-controller and front wheel brake device; The mandrel of hand handle is connected with axis of orientation by universal drive shaft in the sleeve pipe of vehicle frame front end by bearing assemble, hand brake and remote controlled braking device by brake cable and leverage to two front wheel brake.
The remote control steering device controlled with electronic romote-controller is the set composite of a set of electronic worm gear device and clutch, its worm gear set is loaded on axis of orientation, its worm screw passes through belt transmission by a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator, the active friction disk of clutch and axis of orientation are that slidingtype spline assembles, the upper surface of its driven friction disk and worm gear is fixedly connected, the dental inlay dish having for a pair three sawtooth teeth to coordinate is assemblied in the top of axis of orientation, on it, the upper end of dental inlay dish and axis of orientation is fixing assembles, lower dental inlay dish is set on axis of orientation, DC electromagnet is connected with lower dental inlay dish by tumbler connecting rod, electronic telecontrol receiving system is installed in the circuit of direct current generator and DC electromagnet, when manipulating the turning function key of remote controller in the remote control radius set, the direct current generator of worm screw and DC electromagnet simultaneously electric, DC electromagnet inhales merga pass tumbler connecting rod makes lower dental inlay dish rotate, thus the sawtooth making upper and lower dental inlay take turns dislocation top pressure active friction disk is combined with driven friction disk, makes axis of orientation rotate thus and drives front-wheel steer, when stopping steering operation, direct current generator and DC electromagnet dead electricity simultaneously, clutch separation, bidirectional cam fixing on axis of orientation coordinates with pincerlike mechanism makes it automatically return to meta.
A travel switch controlled by DC electromagnet is in series with in the electric control loop of rear bridge driven motor, lever in front wheel brake mechanism connects with pivoted arm and connecting rod with another DC electromagnet, when manipulating the parking function key of remote controller in the remote control radius set, two DC electromagnets simultaneously electric, the current supply circuit of rear bridge driven motor is cut off by travel switch, meanwhile, lever makes two front wheel brake by brake cable.
Middle part and the staged back axle of frame type pivoted arm are fixedly connected, and the left and right arm of its front portion connects with chassis with hinging manner respectively, its rear end bracket are placed with a dustbin coordinated with conveyer belt; The C shape leaf spring damper of one group of horizontal laid out in parallel connects with hinging manner respectively with chassis and frame type pivoted arm, the left and right two ends of staged back axle are separately installed with gear-box, the pot body device be installed in left and right rear-wheel hub is fixedly connected with the gear-box at two ends respectively, and service brake pedal controls two trailing wheel synchronous brakings by pivoted arm drag link mechanism; The direct-drive motor of back axle is by sprocket wheel chain Drive differential and left and right half; Two semiaxis drive two trailing wheels respectively by the planetary gear reducing mechanism differential in the gear in left and right gear-box and pot body device; Handle the change lever of locking device and can make planetary gear reducing mechanism genlocing in left and right pot body device or unblock, during unblock, vehicle is at the speed per hour section operation of 0-5Km; During locking, vehicle runs in the speed per hour interval of 0-20Km.
The bottom of upper frame is installed with two pairs of herringbone roller brushes, one directly to roller brush and " people " the sub-shape rubber baffle that falls, four roller brushes of two pairs of herringbone roller brushes respectively by a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator to connect with one heart, it is left, right bilateral symmetry, with multi-head spiral form fixed installation number row palm fiber on the roller of roller brush, each roller brushes and is combined with a steel-tooth comb, directly pass through belt transmission to roller brush by a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator, to fall the form fixed installation number row palm fiber coordinate a steel-tooth comb of " people " font gear on the roller of roller brush, the right side front of upper frame is provided with a disk besom in elasticity pivoted arm mode, and disk besom is fixedly installed on the output shaft of a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator.
Anterior worm-wheel shaft is installed on front-wheel damping pivoted arm, the front end of left and right two cranks and upper frame that assembling is fixed at its two ends is respectively with hinge-coupled, and its supporting hand crank is by bevel-gear sett and sprocket wheel chain drive worm and gear and to be mentioned the front portion of upper frame by crank or put down; The worm-wheel shaft at rear portion is installed on frame type pivoted arm, its two ends fix assembling left and right two cranks respectively with connecting rod with hinge-coupled, rotate its supporting hand crank the rear end of upper frame to be mentioned or put down, rotate two hand crank respectively upper frame to be risen or put down, thus make roller brush leave ground or kiss the earth.
Upper and lower two of belt conveyor overlaps belt conveyors by four pivoted arms with hinge-coupled and by a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator by chain, chain gear transmission; The linear velocity of upper and lower part belt conveyor belt is identical, and its all roller is installed on chan frame respectively by bearing, and two planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generators being provided with thumb wheel are fixedly connected with the left and right bearing of lower channel steel frame respectively; The arranged on left and right sides exterior notch of lower channel steel frame respectively with frame type pivoted arm inside fixing two iron that lead assemble,, thus form drawer type assembling, push-and-pull lower belt conveyer along guiding iron can make belt conveyor mention along belt direction or put down, and is locked when lifting puts in place by the elastic pawl of both sides.
One group storage battery and a gasoline dc generator are installed in the casing of driver's seat bottom, the water tank that the chassis at its rear portion is installed, being installed on water pump on water tank by a DC motor Driver is connected by the water jet of flexible pipe with vehicle frame front end, six dustbins for subsequent use are put at the rear portion of water tank, the bracket of vehicle frame afterbody is placed with a dustbin, this dustbin coordinates splendid attire rubbish with belt conveyor, nine direct current generators of rear bridge driven motor and cleaning agency are planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator, ten motors respectively configure a controller, a governor, a set of automatically controlled circuit and the assembly cover function key be installed on instrument desk.
The fundamental mode of electric cleaning vehicle is: when cleaning works, to be put down by planetary gear reducing mechanism synchronizing unlocking and by upper frame by change lever and make roller brush appropriateness kiss the earth, again belt conveyor is put down and make access bridge kiss the earth, start all direct current generators of gasoline direct current generator operation to vehicle to power, manipulation allocation function key makes a disk besom, five roller brushes, a pair thumb wheel and belt conveyor running, starting water pump makes water jet spray, drive cleaning agency also adjusted respectively by dumper cooperation speed at the speed per hour section operation of 0-5Km, now, water jet squirts between sweeping area, subsequently, the rubbish of right side curb root scans out by disk besom, rubbish converges by the two pairs of herringbone roller brushes to be swept to center and is served access bridge to roller brush delivered on the belt of lower belt conveyer by a pair thumb wheel on access bridge again by straight, last by upper, trash folder is delivered in the dustbin on tail-bracket by lower conveyer belt, when dustbin is filled, dustbin for subsequent use is switched to lay and can be driven to continue cleaning by parking.
In the cleaning process of straight travel state, driver can descend remote controller for vehicle operating and controlling vehicle to travel, in the radius of setting, can make Vehicular turn or stopping brake by remote controller; When needs drive to travel in non-cleaning state, first quit work flame-out for generator, then being mentioned by the planetary gear reducing mechanism genlocing of left and right two trailing wheels and by upper frame by change lever makes roller brush leave ground, being mentioned by belt conveyor makes access bridge leave ground again, by changeover switch the current supply circuit of the direct-drive motor of back axle switched to and powered by batteries, now, drive dumper to run in the speed per hour interval of 0-20Km.
5. detailed description of the invention:
The present invention has embodiment, and below in conjunction with 10 accompanying drawings, the invention will be further described.
Fig. 1 is the front view of electric cleaning vehicle;
Fig. 2 be remove belt conveyor in Fig. 1 A-A to echelon sectional view;
Fig. 3 is that the B-B of Fig. 2 is to enlarged partial sectional view;
Fig. 4 is that the C of staged back axle in Fig. 1 is to enlarged partial sectional view;
Fig. 5 is the top view removing staged back axle in Fig. 4;
The partial enlarged view of Tu6Shi Tu1Zhong electronic telecontrol steering mechanism;
Fig. 7 is the dextrad partial view of Fig. 6;
Fig. 8 is the partial top view of automatic resetting mechanism in Fig. 6;
Fig. 9 is that the D of belt conveyor in Fig. 1 is to partial view;
Figure 10 is the E direction view of Fig. 9 middle and lower part belt conveyor.
In figure: 1. headlight, 2. stand type support, 3. motor, 4. brake cable, 5. universal drive shaft, 6. instrument desk, 7. change lever, 8. sleeve pipe, 9. hand handle, 10. damper, 11. service brake pedals, 12. chicken neck shape forearms, 13. crank, 14. driver's seats, 15. motors, 16. batteries, 17. water tanks, 18. upper frames, 19. gasoline dc generators, 20. dustbins for subsequent use, 21. bearing pins, 22. crank, 23. motors, 24. frame type pivoted arms, 25. rear bridge driven motors, 26.C shape leaf spring damper, 27. chassis, 28. double-acting shock absorbers, 29. belt conveyors, 30. tail-brackets, 31. dustbins, 32. columns, 33. dial wheel devices, 34. left rear wheels, 35. steel-tooth combs, 36. worm gear devices, 37. is straight to roller brush, 38. connecting rods, 39. cranks, 40. worm-wheel shafts, 41. pair of rolls brushes, 42. pull bars, 43. bearing pins, 44. front-wheel damping pivoted arms, 45. worm gear devices, 46. cranks, 47. pair of rolls brushes, 48. electronic telecontrol transfers, 49. sleeve pipes, 50. minor axises, 51. the near front wheels, 52. brake cable, 53. brake cable, 54. levers, 55. DC electromagnets, 56. rollers, 57. disk besoms, 58. motors, 59. pivoted arms, 60. roller brushes 61. are " people " font baffle plate, 62. roller brushes, 63. bearing pins, 64. pots of body devices, 65. chains, 66. off hind wheels, 67.C shape leaf spring damper, 68. staged back axles, 69. double-acting shock absorbers, 70. guiding iron, 71. guiding iron, 72. decompression stone rollers, 73. bearing pins, 74. fork-shaped pivoted arms, 75. pots of body devices, 76. roller shafts, 77. " people " font palm fiber, 78. roller brushes, 79.Z shape curb girder, 80. motors, 81. bearing pins, 82. bevel-gear setts, 83. roller brushes, 84. worm-wheel shafts, 85. spirality palm fibers, 86. cranks, 87. off-front wheels, 88. water jets, 89. extension springs, 90. right angle arms, 91. bearing pins, 92. motors, 93. fixed heads, 94.Z shape footstock, 95. bearings, 96. roller shafts, 97. rollers, 98. steel-tooth combs, 99. bearings, 100. fixed head, 101. extension spring, 102. crossbeam, 103. ring gear, 104. planet pin, 105. planetary gear, 106. large ring gears, 107. brake ring, 108. gear-box, 109. gear, 110. idle gear, 111. limiting iron, 112. extension spring, 113. pivoted arm shift forks, 114. differential casing, 115. left half axle, 116. differential mechanism, 117. three arm type pivoted arms, 118. support arm, 119. connecting rod, 120. slidingtype shift forks, 121. central axis, 122. gear, 123. sun gear, 124. opposite openeds rise lock, 125. price fixing, 126. Moving plate, 127. pull bar, 128. tumbler shaft, 129. pull bar, 130. support arm, 131. bearing pin, 132. support arm, 133. tumbler shaft, 134. connecting rod, 135. pull bar, 136. axis of orientation, 137. bearing pin, dental inlay dish on 138., 139. times dental inlay dishes, 140. bearing, 141. elasticity paws, 142. clutch, 143. housing, 144. worm gear, 145. worm screw, 146. inverted U-shaped fork bodies, 147. connecting rod, 148. bearing, 149. DC electromagnet, 150. extension spring, 151. pincerlike arms, 152. bearing pin, 153. pincerlike arms, 154. bidirectional cam, 155. thumb wheel, 156. motor, 157. lower belt conveyers, 158. bearing, 159. upper belt conveyers, 160. belt, 161. block rubber, 162. pivoted arm, 163. pivoted arm pressure rollers, 164. bolt, 165. Saw blade, 166. chan frame, 167. block rubber, 168. pivoted arm, 169. blanket roller, 170. chain, 171. motor, 172. bearing pin, 173. motor cabinet, 174. extension spring, 175. flexible polyurethane plates, 176. access bridge, 177. motor, 178. thumb wheel, 179. bearing, 180. longeron, 181. longeron, 182. Saw blade, 183. column, 184. elastic locking pawls, 185. elastic locking pawls, 186. belt, 187. blanket roller, 188. chan frame.
At Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 6, Fig. 7, in Fig. 8, chicken neck shape forearm (12) being installed with instrument desk (6) is fixedly connected with chassis (27) and is connected with front-wheel damping pivoted arm (44) by left side damper (10) and right side damper, the rear end of front-wheel damping pivoted arm is by bearing pin (43, 81) with chassis with hinge-coupled, its front end is welded with sleeve pipe (49), two front-wheels (51, 87) respectively by the two ends of bearing assemble in minor axis (50), the inverted U-shaped fork body (146) being welded in the ear seat in the middle part of minor axis and axis of orientation (136) lower end of hollow body is assembled with longitudinal bearing pin and is connected, axis of orientation by bearing assemble in sleeve pipe (49), its top is provided with the electronic telecontrol transfer (48) of remote controller control and axis of orientation automatic resetting device, fixed installation hand the mandrel of (9) by bearing assemble in the sleeve pipe (8) of chicken neck shape forearm (12) front end, the upper end joint of its lower end and universal drive shaft (5) is fixedly connected, the lower end joint splined shaft of universal drive shaft is that axial sliding type coordinates with the upper end splined hole of axis of orientation, in the wheel hub of two front-wheels, a set of brake disc is respectively installed, overlap brake disc respectively to brake two brake cable (52 that pivoted arm connects with two, 53) connect with the galianconism of lever (54), headlight (1), travel switch and leverage are installed in stand type support (2), DC electromagnet (55) and water jet (88) are installed on the front fixed arm of sleeve pipe (49), hand brake is connected with the galianconism of lever (56) by brake cable (4), its long-armed pivoted arm by connecting rod and DC electromagnet (55) is with hinge-coupled, the travel switch coordinated with DC electromagnet is serially connected with in the brake power-off loop of rear bridge driven motor, DC electromagnet controls its action by remote controller, when it obtains electric, pivoted arm adhesive makes lever action, thus make the power-off of rear bridge driven motor and make two front-wheel synchronous brakings.
The remote control steering device that electronic romote-controller controls is the set composite of a set of electronic worm gear device and clutch, its worm gear (144) is placed on axis of orientation (136), the housing (143) of worm gear device and the mounting bush (49) of axis of orientation are fixedly connected, a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator (3) is fixedly installed in stand type support (2), and this motor is by belt transmission worm screw (145), the upper surface of driven friction disk and worm gear is fixedly connected, clutch (142) and axis of orientation are that slidingtype spline assembles, its lower surface is provided with active friction disk, there is the dental inlay dish (138 that three sawtooth teeth coordinate for a pair, 139) be assemblied on axis of orientation (136), on it, dental inlay dish (138) assembles with the upper end of axis of orientation is fixing, lower dental inlay dish (139) to be set on axis of orientation and free to rotate, the axis of orientation of its underpart is provided with a dish plane bearing (140), three the elasticity paws (141) etc. be installed on clutch make clutch, plane bearing, lower dental inlay dish upwards presses in upper dental inlay dish, now, on, lower dental inlay dish combines, main, driven friction disk is in released state, bidirectional cam (154) is fixedly assemblied in the upper end of axis of orientation, two pincerlike arms (153,151) are assemblied in upper dental inlay dish (138) fixed bearing respectively by bearing pin (137,152) is clamped on cam by extension spring (150), rotate hand time cam rotate thereupon pincerlike arm strutted, without External Force Acting in hand time cam self-return, thus make two front-wheels be in straight travel state.
DC electromagnet (149) and bearing (148) fixedly mount, bearing and upper dental inlay dish (138) are fixedly connected, have a set of receiver of remote-control sytem in the current supply circuit of DC electromagnet and planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator (3), its pivoted arm is connected with the pivoted arm of lower dental inlay dish (139) by pull bar (147); When manipulating the left-hand rotation function key of remote controller in the remote control radius set, DC electromagnet obtains electric, its pivoted arm is inhaled the driven friction disk that merga pass pull bar, pivoted arm, dental inlay dish etc. make the active friction disk of clutch fix with worm gear on and is combined, direct current generator simultaneously electric rotating forward axis of orientation left-hand is rotated by worm gear and clutch; When manipulating the right-hand rotation function key of remote controller, direct current generator reversion also makes axis of orientation dextrad rotate by worm gear and clutch; The size of steering angle was determined by the time pressing remote controller turning function key, and when stopping steering operation, motor and DC electromagnet power-off simultaneously, clutch is separated, and axis of orientation controls to get back to meta by automatic resetting device makes front-wheel keep craspedodrome state.
In Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 3, Fig. 4, Fig. 5, frame type pivoted arm (24) and staged back axle (68) are fixedly connected, bearing pin (21,63) is passed through with chassis (27) with hinge-coupled in its front end, and C shape leaf spring damper (26,67) and double-acting shock absorber (28,69) and chassis (27) are passed through with hinge-coupled in its rear portion, both sides, the pot body device (75) being provided with planetary gear reducing mechanism and braking mechanism is fixedly connected with gear-box (108), the housing (114) of gear-box and back axle is fixedly connected, the Moving plate (126) of pot body device (75) is fixedly connected with the wheel hub of left rear wheel (34), its price fixing (125) and gear-box (108) are fixedly connected, assembled shaft (104) two ends of three planetary gears (105) etc. are fixedly connected with Moving plate and brake ring (107) respectively, large ring gear (106) and the price fixing of planetary mechanism are fixedly connected, opposite opened rise lock (124) alignment pin and braking tumbler shaft be assemblied in respectively in the corresponding aperture of price fixing, sun gear (123) and central axis (121) are slidingtype spline fitted, central axis and gear-box (108) pass through bearing assemble, its inner fixing assembling gear (122), gear (109) in left hand side half shaft (115) outer end of differential mechanism (116) and gear-box is fixing to be assembled, by the idle gear of bearing assemble in the middle part of gear-box on fixed axis (110) and gear (109, 122) engage respectively, form the driving-chain of differential mechanism to left rear wheel thus, differential mechanism (116) by a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator (25) by sprocket wheel and chain (65) transmission, engage with the ring gear (103) that Moving plate center is fixed by pivoted arm shift fork (113) controls to make sun gear depart from planetary gear with the slidingtype shift fork (120) of the slip ring slot fit of sun gear, it is now lock-out state, planetary reducer becomes interior gear coupling with constant speed drive, the middle part of pivoted arm shift fork (113) connects with gear-box with hinge, and its rear portion is with extension spring (112) and gear-box tensioning and limited location buting iron (111) is spacing, be released state when sun gear departs from ring gear and engages with planetary gear, now, the speed reducing ratio transmission that planetary reducer sets with it, the pot body device (64) being installed on off hind wheel (66) connects with back axle with identical mechanism.
Three arm type pivoted arm (117) assembles with the fixed pin shaft (131) on rear axle housing body, its support arm (132, 130) respectively with connecting rod (134, 119) with hinge-coupled, the outer end of connecting rod (134) and pivoted arm shift fork (113) are with hinge-coupled, the outer end of connecting rod (119) and the pivoted arm shift fork on right side are with hinge-coupled, support arm (118) and pull bar (129) are with hinge-coupled, pivoted arm is fixed with hinge-coupled in the inner of the front end of pull bar and tumbler shaft (128), the outer end of tumbler shaft (128) is fixed pivoted arm and is connected with change lever (7) by pull bar, change lever is locked by locking pawl and fan-shaped toothed disc, manipulation transforms handle can make planetary gear reducing mechanism genlocing or the unblock of two trailing wheels, during locking, vehicle is at the speed per hour section operation of 0-20Km, during unblock, vehicle is at the speed per hour section operation of 0-5Km, the braking pivoted arm of two assorted pot body devices is connected with the two ends pivoted arm of tumbler shaft (133) respectively by left and right pull bar (135,127), the middle pivoted arm of this tumbler shaft is connected with service brake pedal (11) by pull bar (42), and trampling service brake pedal can to two trailing wheel synchronous braking.
C shape leaf spring damper (26) is made up of C shape leaf spring and decompression stone roller (72), C shape leaf spring is manufactured by steel spring plate, its two ends respectively has the sleeve pipe reeling and make, two sleeve pipes respectively by bearing pin and chassis (27) and frame type pivoted arm (24) with hinge-coupled, damping stone roller (72) is assembled by rubber ring and hollow drum, hollow drum is by bearing pin (73) and fork-shaped pivoted arm (74) with hinge-coupled, and fork-shaped pivoted arm and rear portion pivoted arm form the hinge-coupled of nunchakus form and strain with extension spring with chassis; Rear portion pivoted arm and chassis are with hinge-coupled; The axis of guide of double-acting shock absorber (28) is set with upper springs, middle part sliding sleeve, lower springs locking with upper and lower locknut respectively, the radial direction of sliding sleeve has two concentric fixing minor axises, two minor axises respectively with two ear seats with hinge-coupled, two ear seats and frame type pivoted arm are fixedly connected.
At Fig. 1, Fig. 2, in Fig. 3, the right front ends of upper frame (18) is provided with a disk besom (57) in pivoted arm mode, the output shaft of disk besom and a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator (58) is fixing to be assembled, pivoted arm (59) is assembled by bearing pin and upper frame, its front end is assembled with the endoporus spline of spline and motor connection seat rear portion fixed sleeving and locks with jackscrew, there is an inside angle of inclination on disk besom and ground, the size of its angle is adjusted by matching spline, the front side support arm of pivoted arm (59) is provided with a roller (56), pivoted arm is by rear end extension spring and be fixedly installed in limited block on upper frame and coordinate spacing and tensioning, in cleaning works, the sidewall of roller and right side curb is to limit the position of disk besom with Elastic Contact, thus the rubbish of curb root is scanned out.
Upper frame bottom is provided with two pairs of herringbone roller brushes (47,41), a straight roller brush (37) and " people " font rubber baffle (61) that falls, and the effect of rubber baffle is that cooperation two pairs of splayed roller brushes stop the rubbish of being dished out by roller brush and make it come together in middle part; Four each and every one roller brushes (83,60,78,62) of two pairs of herringbone roller brushes each by a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator to connect with one heart, the structure of four roller brushes is identical; With six spiral form fixed installation six rows's palm fiber (85) etc. on the roller of roller brush, be six dextrorotatory form on the left of it, right side is six levorotatory form, and each roller brushes and is combined with a steel-tooth comb, will be wound in the eliminating impurities of roller brush in work.
Before left side, latter two roller brush (83, 78) motor (80, 92) waist longeron of base and zigzag footstock (94) is fixedly connected, this longeron is connected with hinging manner with the Z-shaped curb girder (79) of upper frame (18) by bearing pin (91), steel-tooth comb (98) and zigzag footstock (94) fixedly mount, roller shaft (96) and the roller (97) of roller brush (78) are fixedly connected, roller shaft is hollow shaft, its two ends are respectively by bearing (95, 99) with the fixed head (93 of Z-shaped footstock, 100) assemble, the output shaft of motor (92) and the hollow shaft of roller are spline fitted, the inner of zigzag footstock (94) is connected with the crossbeam (102) of upper frame by extension spring (101), the right angle folding arm (90) that zigzag footstock (94) is fixedly connected is connected by the outside fixed head of extension spring (89) with roller brush (83), the zigzag footstock on former and later two roller brushes of right side (60,62) is connected with hinging manner by the Z-shaped curb girder of bearing pin with upper frame (18) right side, its structure is identical with left side, and the drive motors of four roller brushes is planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator.
Directly to the roller shaft (76) of roller brush (37) by bearing and join seat to be installed on upper frame (18) upper and pass through belt transmission by a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator (23); Straight number row's palm fiber (77) being installed with down " people " font gear forms on the roller of roller brush, the Z-shaped curb girder (79) of its motor base and upper frame is fixedly connected, and the rear portion of upper frame is fixed with one and straight brushing to roller is combined with steel-tooth comb (35).
The two ends cranked anterior worm-wheel shaft (84) of fixed installation is connected with front-wheel damping pivoted arm (44) by two bearings, a set of worm gear device (45) is installed in the middle part of worm-wheel shaft, two cranks (46,86) respectively with the front portion of upper frame (18) with hinge-coupled, crank (13) is by bevel-gear sett (82) and sprocket wheel chain geared worm; The worm-wheel shaft (40) at rear portion is connected with frame type pivoted arm (24) by two bearings, a set of worm gear device (36) is installed in the middle part of worm-wheel shaft, the left crank (39) of worm-wheel shaft and connecting rod (38) are with hinge-coupled, the rear portion of connecting rod and upper frame (18) is with hinge-coupled, and the right-hand member crank of worm-wheel shaft, connecting rod connect with upper frame in the same way; Crank (22) is by bevel-gear sett geared worm; Rotate two crank respectively upper frame to be risen or put down, thus roller brush is left or kiss the earth.
At Fig. 1, Fig. 2, Fig. 9, Tu10Zhong, conveying device (29) is made up of upper and lower two belt conveyors (159,157), the two left side has block rubber (161,167) to coordinate spacing by two pivoted arms (162,168) with hinge-coupled, has identical coupling mechanism on the right side of it, the linear velocity of its belt (160,186) is identical, the roller (169,187) of its front end by a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator (171) by chain (170) and chain gear transmission, two rollers are installed on the front portion of chan frame (166,188) respectively by bearing, there is subtended angle the front portion of upper belt conveyer (159), its belt (160) is compressed by bolt (164) by pivoted arm pressure roller (163), and the ear seat of motor cabinet (173) and the chan frame (188) of bottom conveyer connects with bearing pin (172) and with extension spring (174) tensioning, left and right two Saw blades (165,182) and access bridge (176) are fixedly installed on chan frame (188) respectively, the front of access bridge is installed with flexible polyurethane plate (175), two thumb wheels (155,178) are assembled with the output shaft of two planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generators (156,177) is fixing respectively, and two motors fixedly mount with the left and right bearing (158,179) of chan frame (188) respectively, two thumb wheels of dial wheel device (33) coordinate upwards conveying garbage with access bridge, on, all rollers of lower belt conveyor are respectively by bearing and join seat and be installed on two chan frames, frame type pivoted arm (24) two side girder (180, 181) inner side is installed with a guiding iron (71 respectively, 70), a left side for its back carriage, right two columns (32, 183) the elasticity detent (185 of a set of Non-follow control is separately installed with, 184), a left side for chan frame (188), the exterior notch iron that leads with two respectively in right both sides assembles, guiding push-and-pull lower belt conveyer along guiding iron can make it rise as drawing drawer, fall, by the elasticity detent (185 of both sides when lifting puts in place, 184) respectively with Saw blade (165, 182) lock.
One group storage battery (16) and a gasoline dc generator (19) are installed in the casing of driver's seat (14) bottom, the chassis at its rear portion is provided with water tank (17), the water pump that water tank is installed is driven by a direct current generator (15), six dustbins for subsequent use (20) etc. are settled at the rear portion of water tank, the tail bracket (30) of frame type pivoted arm is mounted with a dustbin (31), this dustbin coordinates splendid attire rubbish with belt conveyor (29), nine direct current generators of rear bridge driven motor and cleaning agency respectively configure a controller, a governor and a set of automatically controlled circuit and the assembly cover function key be installed on instrument desk, the water jet (88) being positioned at front-wheel front portion is fixedly connected with the support arm of sleeve pipe (49) front portion, water jet is connected by flexible pipe with water pump.
The fundamental mode of electric cleaning vehicle is: when cleaning works, manipulation transforms handle (7) is by planetary gear reducing mechanism synchronizing unlocking, rotate two crank (13 respectively, 22) upper frame (24) is put down make roller brush appropriateness kiss the earth, start gasoline dc generator (19) running to power to all direct current generators of vehicle, manipulation allocation function key makes a disk besom, five roller brushes, a pair thumb wheel and belt conveyor running, starting water pump makes water jet spray, drive cleaning agency also adjusted respectively by dumper cooperation speed at the speed per hour section operation of 0-5Km, now, water jet squirts between sweeping area, subsequently, the rubbish of right side curb root scans out by disk besom, two pairs of herringbone roller brushes (47, 41) rubbish is converged sweep to center and by directly serving access bridge (176) again by a pair thumb wheel (155 on access bridge to roller brush (37), 178) deliver on the belt (186) of lower belt conveyer (157), last by upper, trash folder is delivered in the dustbin (31) on tail-bracket (30) by lower conveyer belt, when dustbin is filled, the dustbin for subsequent use on chassis is switched to lay and can be driven to continue cleaning by parking.
In the cleaning process of straight travel state, Cleaner can descend remote controller for vehicle remote control car in the radius of 15 meters to make it turn to or stopping brake; When needs driving dumper goes to tip rubbish or add water; First stop cleaning works by flame-out for generator, then manipulate change lever (7) to mention by the planetary gear reducing mechanism genlocing of left and right two trailing wheels and by upper frame (18) and make roller brush leave ground, being mentioned by belt conveyor (29) makes access bridge (176) leave ground again, by changeover switch the current supply circuit of back axle direct-drive motor (25) switched to and powered by batteries (16), now, drive dumper to run in the speed per hour interval of 0-20Km.

Claims (4)

1. electric cleaning vehicle, for the carriage of tricycle vehicle, its two front-wheel (51,87) turns to for pivoted arm damping connects and by hand, (9) or remote controller can be controlled it with chassis (27), one group storage battery (16) and a gasoline dc generator (19) are installed in the casing of driver's seat (14) bottom, the chassis at its rear portion is provided with water tank (17), six dustbins for subsequent use (20) etc. are settled at the rear portion of water tank, and the front portion of vehicle frame is provided with water jet (88), frame type pivoted arm (24) with chassis (27) for pivoted arm damping connects, its rear portion is provided with liftable belt conveyor (29) and is equipped with a dustbin (31), the liftable upper frame (18) of chassis (27) bottom is provided with two pairs of herringbone roller brushes (47,41) and one straight to roller brush (37), in the wheel hub of two trailing wheels (34,66), is separately installed with the pot body device (75,64) of planetary gear reducing mechanism and braking mechanism, the feature of electric cleaning vehicle is: two front-wheels (51,87) are deflecting roller, front-wheel damping pivoted arm (44) is with chassis (27) for pivoted arm damping connects, and chicken neck shape forearm (12) and chassis are for being fixedly connected, the course changing control of front-wheel has with hand handle (9) control and remote control device two kinds of modes, can make two front-wheel steers or stopping brake by remote control device, two trailing wheels (34,66) are driving wheel, be provided with the combined type pot body device (75,64) of planetary gear reducing mechanism and braking mechanism in its wheel hub, staged back axle (68) and frame type pivoted arm (24) are fixedly connected, planetary gear reducing mechanism in two assorted pot body devices can genlocing or unblock by the control of change lever (7), and during locking, dumper is at the speed per hour section operation of 0-20Km, at the speed per hour section operation of 0-5Km during unblock, frame type pivoted arm (24) front end and chassis are with hinge-coupled, and its rear portion, both sides forms hinge type by C shape leaf spring damper and double-acting shock absorber with chassis (27) and connects and damping, belt conveyor (29) is by upper, lower belt conveyer (159, 157) form, lower belt conveyer (157) and frame type pivoted arm (24) assemble for slidingtype and can rise, fall and lock, in the middle part of upper frame, below is installed with down " people " sub-shape rubber baffle (61) and is provided with two pairs of herringbone roller brushes (47 with hinging manner, 41), the straight rear portion being installed on upper frame (18) to roller brush (37), each roller brushes and is combined with a steel-tooth comb, disk besom (57) is installed on the right side front of upper frame in elasticity pivoted arm mode, belt conveyor (29), four rollers of two pairs of splayed roller brushes, one straight to roller brush and disk besom, dial wheel device (33) two thumb wheels also respectively to be driven separately by a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator, water pump is driven separately by a direct current generator.
2. the electric cleaning vehicle according to claims 1, it is characterized in that: frame type pivoted arm (24) and staged back axle (68) are fixedly connected, its front end forms pivoted arm hinge-coupled by bearing pin (21,63) and chassis (27), and its rear portion, both sides is connected with hinging manner with chassis (27) by C shape leaf spring damper (26,67) and double-acting shock absorber (28,69), the pot body device (75) being provided with planetary gear reducing mechanism and braking mechanism is fixedly connected with gear-box (108), the housing (114) of gear-box and back axle is fixedly connected, the Moving plate (126) of pot body device (75) is fixedly connected with the wheel hub of left rear wheel (34), its price fixing (125) and gear-box (108) are fixedly connected, assembled shaft (104) two ends of three planetary gears (105) etc. are fixedly connected with Moving plate and brake ring (107) respectively, large ring gear (106) and the price fixing of planetary mechanism are fixedly connected, opposite opened rise lock (124) alignment pin and braking tumbler shaft be assemblied in respectively in the corresponding aperture of price fixing, sun gear (123) and central axis (121) are slidingtype spline fitted, central axis and gear-box (108) pass through bearing assemble, its inner fixing assembling gear (122), gear (109) in left half axle (115) outer end of differential mechanism (116) and gear-box is fixing to be assembled, by the idle gear of bearing assemble in the middle part of gear-box on fixed axis (110) and gear (109, 122) engage respectively, form the driving-chain of differential mechanism to left rear wheel thus, differential mechanism (116) by a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator (25) by sprocket wheel and chain (65) transmission, engage with the ring gear (103) that Moving plate center is fixed by pivoted arm shift fork (113) controls to make sun gear depart from planetary gear with the slidingtype shift fork (120) of the slip ring slot fit of sun gear, it is now lock-out state, planetary reducer becomes interior gear coupling with constant speed drive, the middle part of pivoted arm shift fork (113) connects with gear-box with hinge, and its rear portion is with extension spring (112) and gear-box tensioning and limited location buting iron (111) is spacing, be released state when sun gear departs from ring gear and engages with planetary gear, now, the speed reducing ratio transmission that planetary reducer sets with it, off hind wheel (66) connects with back axle with identical mechanism.
3. the electric cleaning vehicle according to claims 1, it is characterized in that: the right front ends of upper frame (18) is provided with a disk besom (57) in pivoted arm mode, the output shaft of disk besom and a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator (58) is fixing to be assembled, pivoted arm (59) is assembled by bearing pin and upper frame, its front end is assembled with the endoporus spline of spline and motor connection seat rear portion fixed sleeving and locks with jackscrew, there is an inside angle of inclination on disk besom and ground, the size of its angle is adjusted by matching spline, the front side support arm of pivoted arm (59) is provided with a roller (56), pivoted arm is by rear end extension spring and be fixedly installed in limited block on upper frame and coordinate spacing and tensioning, the bottom of upper frame (18) is provided with two pairs of herringbone roller brushes (47,41), a straight roller brush (37) and " people " font rubber baffle (61) that falls, its arranged on left and right sides is symmetrical, four roller brushes (83,60,78,62) of two pairs of herringbone roller brushes each by a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator to connect with one heart, the structure of four roller brushes is identical, with multi-head spiral form fixed installation number row's palm fiber (85) etc. on the roller of roller brush, it is bull dextrorotatory form on the left of it, right side is bull levorotatory form, each roller brushes and is combined with a steel-tooth comb, before left side, latter two roller brush (83, 78) motor (80, 92) waist longeron of base and Z-shaped footstock (94) is fixedly connected, this longeron is connected with hinging manner with the Z-shaped curb girder (79) of upper frame (18) by bearing pin (91), steel-tooth comb (98) and zigzag footstock (94) are fixedly connected, the roller shaft (96) of roller brush (78) assembles with roller (97) is fixing, roller shaft is hollow shaft, its two ends are respectively by bearing (95, 99) with the fixed head (93 of Z-shaped footstock, 100) assemble, the output shaft of motor (92) and the hollow shaft of roller are spline fitted, the inner of zigzag footstock (94) is connected with the crossbeam (102) of upper frame by extension spring (101), the structure connected with the outside fixed head of roller brush (83) by extension spring (89) with the right angle folding arm (90) that upper frame is fixedly connected and connecting mode identical with left side, directly to the roller shaft (76) of roller brush (37) by bearing and join seat to be installed on upper frame (18) upper and pass through belt transmission by a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator (23), straight " people " font gear forms number that is installed with down on the roller of roller brush arranges palm fiber (77), the Z-shaped curb girder (79) of its motor base and upper frame is fixedly connected, the rear portion of upper frame be installed with one with the steel-tooth comb (35) directly coordinated to roller brush, the two ends cranked anterior worm-wheel shaft (84) of fixed installation is connected with front-wheel damping pivoted arm (44) by two bearings, a set of worm gear device (45) is installed in the middle part of worm-wheel shaft, two cranks (46,86) respectively with the front portion of upper frame (18) with hinge-coupled, crank (13) is by bevel-gear sett (82) and sprocket wheel chain geared worm, the worm-wheel shaft (40) at rear portion is connected with frame type pivoted arm (24) by two bearings, a set of worm gear device (36) is installed in the middle part of worm-wheel shaft, left crank (39) and connecting rod (38) are with hinge-coupled, connecting rod and upper frame (18) are with hinge-coupled, and its right-hand member connects with same mechanism, crank (22) is by bevel-gear sett geared worm.
4. the electric cleaning vehicle according to claims 1, it is characterized in that: conveying device (29) is made up of upper and lower two belt conveyors (159,157), the two left side has block rubber (161,167) spacing by two pivoted arms (162,168) with hinge-coupled, has identical coupling mechanism on the right side of it, the linear velocity of its belt (160,186) is identical, the roller (169,187) of its front end by a planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generator (171) by chain (170) and chain gear transmission, its roller is installed on the front portion of chan frame (166,188) respectively by bearing, there is subtended angle the front portion of upper belt conveyer (159), its belt (160) is compressed by bolt (164) by pivoted arm pressure roller (163), and motor cabinet (173) passes through bearing pin (172) with hinge-coupled and with extension spring (174) tensioning with the ear seat of the chan frame (188) of bottom conveyer, left and right two Saw blades (165,182) and access bridge (176) are fixedly installed on the chan frame (188) of lower belt conveyer, the front of access bridge is installed with flexible polyurethane plate (175), two thumb wheels (155,178) are assembled with the output shaft of two planetary gear speed-reduction direct current generators (156,177) is fixing respectively, and two motors fixedly mount with the left and right bearing (158,179) of lower channel steel frame respectively, all rollers of conveyer are installed on two chan frames respectively by bearing, frame type pivoted arm (24) two side girder (180, 181) inner side is installed with a guiding iron (71 respectively, 70), a left side for its back carriage, right two columns (32, 183) the elasticity detent (185 of a set of Non-follow control is separately installed with, 184), a left side for chan frame (188), right both sides exterior notch respectively with frame type pivoted arm inside fixing two iron that lead assemble, guiding push-and-pull lower belt conveyer along guiding iron can make it rise as drawing drawer, fall, by the elasticity detent (185 of both sides when lifting puts in place, 184) respectively with Saw blade (165, 182) lock.
CN201410142275.9A 2014-04-02 2014-04-02 Electric sanitation vehicle Pending CN104975580A (en)

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CN201410142275.9A CN104975580A (en) 2014-04-02 2014-04-02 Electric sanitation vehicle

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Cited By (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107083752A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-08-22 钟建筑 A kind of automatic Floor-sweeping device
CN107126878A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-09-05 天津九幻机械科技有限公司 A kind of rural domestic sewage treating device
CN109003513A (en) * 2018-09-10 2018-12-14 包头轻工职业技术学院 Economic management shows device
CN109183694A (en) * 2018-11-13 2019-01-11 何碧侠 A kind of express highway pavement method for cleaning
CN110547180A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-10 苏州德君环卫服务有限公司 Mobile spraying and sprinkling device for greening engineering and use method thereof
CN110904897A (en) * 2018-09-14 2020-03-24 王三保 Double-wing sweeper

Cited By (7)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN107083752A (en) * 2017-05-08 2017-08-22 钟建筑 A kind of automatic Floor-sweeping device
CN107083752B (en) * 2017-05-08 2018-02-13 刘亦成 A kind of automatic Floor-sweeping device
CN107126878A (en) * 2017-07-17 2017-09-05 天津九幻机械科技有限公司 A kind of rural domestic sewage treating device
CN109003513A (en) * 2018-09-10 2018-12-14 包头轻工职业技术学院 Economic management shows device
CN110904897A (en) * 2018-09-14 2020-03-24 王三保 Double-wing sweeper
CN109183694A (en) * 2018-11-13 2019-01-11 何碧侠 A kind of express highway pavement method for cleaning
CN110547180A (en) * 2019-09-20 2019-12-10 苏州德君环卫服务有限公司 Mobile spraying and sprinkling device for greening engineering and use method thereof

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