CN102041792B - Automatic garbage sweeper truck - Google Patents

Automatic garbage sweeper truck Download PDF

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Publication number
CN102041792B
CN102041792B CN2010105516028A CN201010551602A CN102041792B CN 102041792 B CN102041792 B CN 102041792B CN 2010105516028 A CN2010105516028 A CN 2010105516028A CN 201010551602 A CN201010551602 A CN 201010551602A CN 102041792 B CN102041792 B CN 102041792B
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CN
China
Prior art keywords
cleaning
rubbish
car body
refuse
rail plate
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Expired - Fee Related
Application number
CN2010105516028A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN102041792A (en
Inventor
骆永标
Current Assignee (The listed assignees may be inaccurate. Google has not performed a legal analysis and makes no representation or warranty as to the accuracy of the list.)
University of Shaoxing
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University of Shaoxing
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Publication date
Application filed by University of Shaoxing filed Critical University of Shaoxing
Priority to CN2010105516028A priority Critical patent/CN102041792B/en
Publication of CN102041792A publication Critical patent/CN102041792A/en
Application granted granted Critical
Publication of CN102041792B publication Critical patent/CN102041792B/en
Expired - Fee Related legal-status Critical Current
Anticipated expiration legal-status Critical

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Abstract

The invention discloses an environment-friendly device, particularly an automatic garbage sweeper truck comprising a main truck body; the automatic garbage sweeper truck is characterized by further comprising a cleaning-mechanism separating mechanism and a cleaning mechanism, wherein the cleaning-mechanism separating mechanism is used for connecting the main truck body with the cleaning mechanism and used for separating the cleaning mechanism from a driving device of the main truck body. In such a way, in cleaner roads which are not necessary to clean, landscaping and ground-keeping workers can stop the operation of the cleaning mechanism and enable the cleaning mechanism to be divorced from the ground. The automatic garbage sweeper truck is of the special designs of the cleaning mechanism and the separating mechanism and convenient for use. The automatic garbage sweeper truck can automatically sweep without other power driving so as to improve the cleaning efficiency and reduce the working intensity of the landscaping and ground-keeping workers.

Description

Automatic refuse cleaning vehicle
Technical field:
The present invention relates to a kind of environmental protection equipment, specifically relate to a kind of automatic refuse cleaning vehicle.
Technical field:
At present on the market refuse cleaning vehicle is roughly two kinds: a kind of is the road-sweeper that the motor vehicle used on the main road drives, another kind of then be to lean on sanitationman's hand sweeping then the rubbish that cleans to be put into the hand propelled garbage truck entirely.Summarize above two kinds of refuse cleaning vehicles; Its certain applicability is arranged; But many drawbacks are arranged also: the refuse cleaning vehicle that drives like motor vehicle can only use on main road, and noise ratio is bigger, and is can't Serving cell inner; Then labour intensity is bigger for sanitationman's hand sweeping car, and cleaning speed is slow.
Therefore, how relating to the advantage of the comprehensive above-mentioned two kinds of garbage trucks of a kind of ability, can remedy the defective that above-mentioned refuse cleaning vehicle exists again, is technical problem to be solved by this invention.
Summary of the invention:
The object of the present invention is to provide a kind of simple in structure, easy to operate, the automatic refuse cleaning vehicle that sweeping efficiency is high, effective.
The technical scheme that the present invention takes is following, and a kind of automatic refuse cleaning vehicle comprises main car body, it is characterized in that: also comprise cleaning agency release unit, cleaning agency, wherein:
Main car body comprises support, and is installed on the drive unit on the support;
The cleaning agency release unit; The rail plate that comprises the band draw-in groove that is installed on the support, rail plate are installed on the support and have certain gradient, and the raising rod of band hanging head is installed in the draw-in groove of rail plate; And can move up and down along the draw-in groove gradient of rail plate; Be separately installed with at the two ends of rail plate and turn to guide wheel, wire rope one end passes the guide wheel that turns at rail plate two ends, and is fixed on the hanging head on the raising rod through connecting screw; The wire rope other end is connected in the wire rope spanner at main car body tap place, and cleaning agency is fixed in raising rod;
Cleaning agency comprises the framework that is fixed on the raising rod, and first is installed on the framework through bearing, at first transmission spur gear, bevel gear, sprocket wheel is installed; Wherein, the transmission spur gear is meshed with transmission spur gear on being installed on the main car body hind axle, and the refuse sweeping dish is installed on first below; Refuse sweeping dish one end is provided with bevel gear, is meshed with bevel gear on first, and the other end of refuse sweeping dish is a clearing apparatus; The rubbish conveyer belt is installed on a side of refuse sweeping dish; The rubbish conveyer belt is installed on second and the 3rd, and second and the 3rd is installed on the framework through bearing, on the 3rd, sprocket wheel is installed; Sprocket wheel on the 3rd is connected through the sprocket wheel on chain and first, and the rubbish storage bin is installed on the below of rubbish conveyer belt.
Preferably: main car body is foot-operated tricycle or electro-tricycle, and drive unit is a chain wheel set, and chain wheel set comprises the sprocket wheel that is installed on the main car body front portion and is installed on the sprocket wheel on the hind axle.
Described clearing apparatus is broom or brush shape structure.
A rubbish riser is installed in the front portion of rubbish conveyer belt.Described rubbish riser and rubbish conveyer belt are with respect to the certain angle of formation in the street that is cleaned.
Beneficial effect of the present invention is following:
1, the present invention is simple in structure, and can reequip according to existing tricycle easily, and cost is low, and economic benefit and environmental benefit are good;
2, adopt the design of unique cleaning agency and release unit, easy to use.
3, need not under other power-actuated conditions, realize the automation cleaning, improved sweeping efficiency, reduced sanitationman's working strength.
Below in conjunction with accompanying drawing and specific embodiment the present invention is done more detailed explanation.
Description of drawings:
Fig. 1 is the main structure chart of the embodiment of the invention;
Fig. 2 is the structural representation of embodiment of the invention release unit;
Fig. 3 is the structural representation of embodiment of the invention cleaning agency;
Fig. 4 is the structural representation of embodiment of the invention main drive gear.
The specific embodiment:
As shown in Figure 1, automatic refuse cleaning vehicle of the present invention, this automatic refuse cleaning vehicle mainly is made up of main car body 1, cleaning agency release unit 2, cleaning agency 3, wherein:
Main car body 1 comprises: main car body comprises and be used for as other mechanism of the present invention the support 11 that supports being installed, and is installed on being used on the support 11 and provides the drive unit 10 of power to form, and is as shown in Figure 1; Main car body 1 adopts a kind of three wheel drive vehicles with casing, like foot-operated tricycle, to the present invention power is provided through artificial the riding of sanitationman; Like this, use more environmental protection, certain; Can also set up electric device, make it to become electro-tricycle, to alleviate sanitationman's workload.In the present embodiment; Drive unit 10 is a chain wheel set; Comprise being installed on the anterior sprocket wheel of main car body 101 and being installed on the sprocket wheel 102 on the hind axle 13 that based on foregoing description, automatic refuse cleaning vehicle of the present invention can be easily converted by the three-wheel or the four-wheel drive vehicle of existing belt supporting frame.
In conjunction with shown in Figure 2, cleaning agency release unit 2 is used for connecting main car body 1 and cleaning agency 3, is used to make the cleaning agency 3 and the drive unit 10 of main car body 1 to break away from.Like this, in some highway sections cleaner, that need not clean, the sanitationman can stop the work of cleaning agency, and makes cleaning agency break away from ground, needs the highway section of cleaning to carry out work thereby the sanitationman is driven to sooner, more easily.
Cleaning agency release unit 2; Comprise the rail plate 20 that is installed on one group of band draw-in groove 21 on the support 11; Rail plate 20 is installed on the support 11 and has certain gradient; The raising rod 23 of band hanging head 22 is installed in the draw-in groove 21 of rail plate 20, and can move up and down along draw-in groove 21 gradients of rail plate 20, all is separately installed with at the two ends of rail plate 20 to turn to guide wheel 24 and turn to guide wheel 25; Wire rope 26 1 ends pass and turn to guide wheel 24 and turn to guide wheel 25; And be fixed on the hanging head 22 on the raising rod 23 through connecting screw 27, wire rope 26 other ends are connected in the wire rope spanner 27 at main car body tap 12 places, and cleaning agency 3 is through framework 30 and raising rod 23 Joints.
In conjunction with Fig. 3, shown in Figure 4, cleaning agency 3 comprises that 30, the first 31 of the frameworks that are fixed on the raising rod 23 are installed on the framework 30 through bearing 32; At first 31 transmission spur gear 321, bevel gear 331, sprocket wheel 341 are installed, wherein, transmission spur gear 321 is meshed with transmission spur gear 322 on being installed on hind axle 13 and forms transmission straight-tooth wheels; Refuse sweeping dish 35 is installed on first 31 below; Refuse sweeping dish 35 1 ends are provided with bevel gear 332, with first 31 on the bevel gear 331 formation bevel gear set that is meshed, refuse sweeping dish 35 other ends are clearing apparatus; Can adopt similar broom or brush shape structure; Rubbish conveyer belt 36 is installed on a side of refuse sweeping dish 35, is used to accept the also rubbish of transferring cleaning, and rubbish conveyer belt 36 is installed on second 37 and the 3rd 38; Second 37 and the 3rd 38 is installed on the framework 30 through bearing 33, bearing 34 respectively; On the 3rd 38, sprocket wheel 342 is installed, sprocket wheel 342 is connected through the sprocket wheel 341 on chain 343 and first 31, and rubbish storage bin 40 is installed on the below of rubbish conveyer belt 36; Be used for and store by the rubbish that refuse sweeping dish 35 cleans on the road that obtains, so that focus on.For ease with the convenient garbage ground of cleaning, fully be delivered to rubbish storage bin 40; A rubbish riser 39 is installed in the front portion of rubbish conveyer belt 36; Preferably, described rubbish riser 39 and rubbish conveyer belt 36 and the certain angle of formation in the street that is cleaned, promptly similar winnowing pan shape; Match with refuse sweeping dish 35, can be more effectively, intactly rubbish is cleaned.
Operating principle of the present invention is following:
1, do not carrying out under the state of refuse sweeping: when road cleaner; The sanitationman can be through the wire rope spanner at main car body tap place, tense wire rope, and through turning to guide wheel; Pulling force is passed to connecting bolt; Make in the raising rod of wire rope interlock upwards to spur, thereby make whole cleaning agency break away from the hind axle of garbage truck, quit work along rail plate.The sanitationman rides and carries out the place of garbage-cleaning to needs through the drive chain wheels then.
When 2, carrying out refuse sweeping:,, wire rope is loosened through unclamping the other wire rope spanner of tap when the sanitationman rides when needs carry out the place of garbage-cleaning; Through turning to guide wheel, turning to guide wheel; The hanging head that links to each other with wire rope moves down along the gradient of draw-in groove, and interlock raising rod and framework move down; Thereby whole cleaning agency just can glide by rail plate in the effect lower edge of gravity; Under when sliding into certain position, the spur gear on the cleaning agency just can be meshed with spur gear on the garbage truck for cleaning power transmission shaft, carries out work thereby drive whole cleaning agency.
The cleaning agency power transmission process is following: the power that provides through chain wheel set; Pass to hind axle through chain, the rotation spur gear that on hind axle, is equipped with, with first on rotation spur gear engaged transmission; Thereby transmission of power is given be fixed in the cleaning agency main shaft on the refuse cleaning vehicle by rotating spur gear; Change the directions of motion through the two pairs of bevel gear set again, horizontal movement is become the motion of vertical ground, realize rotatablely moving of two refuse sweeping dishes; Thereby refuse sweeping is arrived the rubbish riser; The power of rubbish conveyer belt is provided through the cleaning agency main shaft by the chain wheel set that is arranged on the 3rd, and realization will be delivered in the rubbish storage bin by the rubbish that the rubbish riser transports, and realizes that rubbish ground is swept into the purpose of rubbish storage bin automatically through this device.
Relatively cleaner on road, in the time of need not cleaning, can whole device be broken away from the garbage truck hind axle through the cleaning agency release unit, the lifting of whole release unit turns to the wire rope on the introduction easily being realized in the process by bike by the sanitationman through two.
Automatic refuse cleaning vehicle of the present invention overcomes the drawback of drawing present two kinds of refuse sweeping work on the market, has better market prospect.

Claims (5)

1. automatic refuse cleaning vehicle comprises main car body, it is characterized in that: also comprise cleaning agency release unit, cleaning agency, wherein:
Main car body comprises support, and is installed on the drive unit on the support;
The cleaning agency release unit; The rail plate that comprises the band draw-in groove that is installed on the support, rail plate are installed on the support and have certain gradient, and the raising rod of band hanging head is installed in the draw-in groove of rail plate; And can move up and down along the draw-in groove gradient of rail plate; Be separately installed with at the two ends of rail plate and turn to guide wheel, wire rope one end passes the guide wheel that turns at rail plate two ends, and is fixed on the hanging head on the raising rod through connecting screw; The wire rope other end is connected in the wire rope spanner at main car body tap place, and cleaning agency is fixed in raising rod;
Cleaning agency comprises the framework that is fixed on the raising rod, and first is installed on the framework through bearing, at first transmission spur gear, bevel gear, sprocket wheel is installed; Wherein, the transmission spur gear is meshed with transmission spur gear on being installed on the main car body hind axle, and the refuse sweeping dish is installed on first below; Refuse sweeping dish one end is provided with bevel gear, is meshed with bevel gear on first, and the other end of refuse sweeping dish is a clearing apparatus; The rubbish conveyer belt is installed on a side of refuse sweeping dish; The rubbish conveyer belt is installed on second and the 3rd, and second and the 3rd is installed on the framework through bearing, on the 3rd, sprocket wheel is installed; Sprocket wheel on the 3rd is connected through the sprocket wheel on chain and first, and the rubbish storage bin is installed on the below of rubbish conveyer belt.
2. a kind of automatic refuse cleaning vehicle according to claim 1 is characterized in that: main car body is foot-operated tricycle or electro-tricycle, and drive unit is a chain wheel set, and chain wheel set comprises the sprocket wheel that is installed on the main car body front portion and is installed on the sprocket wheel on the hind axle.
3. a kind of automatic refuse cleaning vehicle according to claim 1 is characterized in that: described clearing apparatus is a broom.
4. a kind of automatic refuse cleaning vehicle according to claim 1 is characterized in that: a rubbish riser is installed in the front portion of rubbish conveyer belt.
5. a kind of automatic refuse cleaning vehicle according to claim 4 is characterized in that: described rubbish riser and rubbish conveyer belt are with respect to the certain angle of formation in the street that is cleaned.
CN2010105516028A 2010-11-11 2010-11-11 Automatic garbage sweeper truck Expired - Fee Related CN102041792B (en)

Priority Applications (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105516028A CN102041792B (en) 2010-11-11 2010-11-11 Automatic garbage sweeper truck

Applications Claiming Priority (1)

Application Number Priority Date Filing Date Title
CN2010105516028A CN102041792B (en) 2010-11-11 2010-11-11 Automatic garbage sweeper truck

Publications (2)

Publication Number Publication Date
CN102041792A CN102041792A (en) 2011-05-04
CN102041792B true CN102041792B (en) 2012-03-14

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Family Applications (1)

Application Number Title Priority Date Filing Date
CN2010105516028A Expired - Fee Related CN102041792B (en) 2010-11-11 2010-11-11 Automatic garbage sweeper truck

Country Status (1)

Country Link
CN (1) CN102041792B (en)

Families Citing this family (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN113089550A (en) * 2021-04-19 2021-07-09 李黔 Electric cleaning vehicle

Family Cites Families (9)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
FR11091E (en) * 1908-10-10 1909-12-04 Alexandre Laffly Automotive sweeper machine
CN2313957Y (en) * 1997-08-07 1999-04-14 王学文 Manpower sweeper
CN2316338Y (en) * 1997-12-11 1999-04-28 王华桥 Road surface cleaning machine
CN2373483Y (en) * 1998-10-06 2000-04-12 李敬德 Manpower street cleaning machine
CN2538846Y (en) * 2002-04-26 2003-03-05 孙德荣 Environmental sanitation cleaning vehicle
CN201221062Y (en) * 2008-05-27 2009-04-15 姚庭 Small-sized green clean-keeping vehicle adapted for collecting refuses
CN101324059A (en) * 2008-06-13 2008-12-17 深圳职业技术学院 Environment protective sweeper
CN101725123A (en) * 2010-01-23 2010-06-09 陈廷连 Electric three-wheel engine sweeper
CN201857592U (en) * 2010-11-11 2011-06-08 绍兴文理学院 Automatic garbage sweeper

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