CN104944130A - Automatic blank separating and plate feeding machine for producing thermal-insulating and fire-resistant brick - Google Patents

Automatic blank separating and plate feeding machine for producing thermal-insulating and fire-resistant brick Download PDF

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Publication number
CN104944130A
CN104944130A CN201510256628.2A CN201510256628A CN104944130A CN 104944130 A CN104944130 A CN 104944130A CN 201510256628 A CN201510256628 A CN 201510256628A CN 104944130 A CN104944130 A CN 104944130A
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China
Prior art keywords
brick
blank
slide block
upper plate
conveying device
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CN201510256628.2A
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Chinese (zh)
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CN104944130B (en
Inventor
许昭圣
许立涵
孔令霞
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FENGYANG JIULONG NEW BUILDING MATERIALS Co.,Ltd.
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ANHUI SYNCHRONOUS AUTOMATION TECHNOLOGY Co Ltd
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Priority to CN201510256628.2A priority Critical patent/CN104944130B/en
Publication of CN104944130A publication Critical patent/CN104944130A/en
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Abstract

The invention relates to an automatic blank separating and plate feeding machine for a thermal-insulating and fire-resistant brick. The automatic blank separating and plate feeding machine for the thermal-insulating and fire-resistant brick comprises a blank separating mechanism, a brick supporting plate conveying device, a plate feeding mechanism and a control system. Wet state blank bricks conveyed from a blank cutting machine are free of gaps. When a cylinder rod of a blank separating cylinder of the automatic blank separating and plate feeding machine extends outwards, sliding blocks arranged at the opposite end are pushed outwards, other sliding blocks are sequentially pulled by a blank separating connecting belt, the wet state blank bricks are pulled at a distance, and blank separating is completed. Under the action of a lifting cylinder, a blank pushing plate is descended to the appropriate position, and a tooth-shaped protrusion of the blank pushing plate extends into gaps between the sliding blocks and is roughly flush with the side face of a brick supporting plate. A plate feeding trolley is driven by a driving device, and the brick supporting plate and the blank bricks on the sliding blocks are pushed to a conveying belt from the sliding blocks at the same time and enter an organizing and drying procedure. The blank separating work and the plate feeding work are combined, the blank separating and the plate feeding are completed at once, a large amount of manpower is saved, the deformation of the dry blank bricks is lowered, and the brick quality is improved.

Description

A kind of point base upper trigger automatically manufacturing insulating refractory adobe
Technical field
The present invention relates to a kind of point base upper trigger automatically manufacturing insulating refractory adobe.
Background technology
At present, insulating fire brick is produced, and the bar cutter that refer to walling brick-tile industry carries out cutting base and sending base equipment.But existing adobe blank separating machine directly the adobe divided is shifted onto on belt conveyor, be more manually put on the brick supporting plate of drying cart, and labour intensity is large, number is many; With adobe chuck, adobe is clipped on the brick supporting plate of drying cart.Because the blank brick water ratio of brick-tile industry is at 14-17%, moisture content less, intensity is higher, and above-mentioned two kinds of modes can be applied; And the blank brick water ratio of insulating fire brick is at 32-35%, aqueous ingredients is comparatively large, and quality is very soft, no matter use artificial upper plate or chuck upper plate, capital causes adobe to be out of shape, and needs to reserve larger surplus and cuts base for later stage grinding dressing, cause material and artificial significant wastage.
Summary of the invention
For overcoming the deficiencies in the prior art part, the invention provides a kind of automatically point base upper trigger manufacturing insulating refractory adobe, being divided by fire brick blank brick base and upper plate operation to unite two into one, disposablely to complete, to solve the problems of the technologies described above.
The technical solution adopted in the present invention is: a kind of point base upper trigger automatically manufacturing insulating refractory adobe, comprising:
One blank distributing mechanism, described blank distributing mechanism comprises frame, is located at the cross slide way of frame downside, sliding is embedded the multiple L shape slide blocks on described cross slide way, width and the insulating refractory adobe of described L-type slide block are roughly equal, are provided with point base connecting band of restriction space out between adjacent described slide block; The most inboard described slide block and frame hinged, be in outermost slide block hinged with point base cylinder piston rod be fixed on housiung separator, order about described slide block by described point of base connecting band and to close up or separately;
One brick pallet conveying device, described brick pallet conveying device and described blank distributing mechanism intersect vertically, and its end is fixed in the frame below described slide block, for being transported to below described slide block by brick supporting plate;
One upper plate mechanism, be provided with upper plate track above described blank distributing mechanism, upper plate track is provided with upper plate dolly and actuating device, upper plate dolly is equipped with and pushes away blanket and lift cylinder, the described blanket that pushes away is articulated with on described upper plate dolly by a crossbeam, and rises under lift cylinder effect or fall; The described blanket lower end that pushes away is provided with multiple dentation, and gap when this dentation separates with described slide block is corresponding, for being pushed from described slide block together with the blank brick on described slide block by described brick supporting plate simultaneously;
One control system, this control system comprises Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, brick blade position sensor, slide position inductor, upper plate dolly position transduser and pushes away blanket position transduser, and described brick blade position sensor, slide position inductor, upper plate dolly position transduser are all connected with described Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system with the signal output part pushing away blanket position transduser; Wherein said brick blade position sensor is positioned at described brick pallet conveying device end, brick blade position on brick pallet conveying device described in perception, and the actuating device of described brick pallet conveying device is controlled by described Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, brick supporting plate is parked in appropriate location wait and pushes away base upper plate; Described slide position inductor is positioned in the frame below described slide block, for the change in location of slide block described in perception, controls a described point base cylinder carry out action by described Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system; Described upper plate dolly position transduser is positioned on described upper plate track, for the position of upper plate dolly described in perception, controls described upper plate drive car run by described Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system; The described blanket position transduser that pushes away is positioned on described upper plate dolly, for pushing away position and the height of blanket described in knowing, and controls described lift cylinder by described Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system and carries out action.
Working process: reach on slide block when the hygrometric state blank brick transmitted from green brick cutting mechanism is sent to, when dividing the cylinder rod of base cylinder to stretch out, by extrapolated for the slide block of opposite side, and pull open all the other slide blocks successively by a point base connecting band, hygrometric state blank brick group is spaced out, complete a point base, then push away blanket and be lowered to appropriate location under lift cylinder effect, its dentation stretches into the gap of described slide block and substantially flush with brick pallet side, then actuating device drives upper plate dolly, described brick supporting plate is shifted onto transport tape from described slide block together with the blank brick on described slide block simultaneously, enter marshalling baking operation.
Further, below described brick pallet conveying device, be provided with a top panel mechanism, for by brick supporting plate from described brick pallet conveying device jack-up, make the two disengage; Described top panel mechanism comprises at least one pair of and is arranged at carrying roller below described brick pallet conveying device, described carrying roller is connected by the piston rod of support with top board cylinder, described carrying roller is for supporting described brick supporting plate and being close to the bottom surface of described slide block, and described brick supporting plate can horizontal slip in the space between described slide block and carrying roller.Because brick pallet conveying device is in order to prevent the landing of brick supporting plate, its surface is comparatively rough, there is larger static friction force, cause and push away blanket action and run into larger resistance, by carrying roller, brick supporting plate is held up, can the effectively less resistance pushing away blanket, make the action of upper plate dolly more smooth and easy.
Beneficial effect: the present invention will divide base and upper plate operation to unite two into one, point base, upper plate is disposable completes, and saves a large amount of manpower, reduces the distortion of dry blank brick simultaneously, improve unfired brick quality.
Accompanying drawing explanation
The invention will be further described in conjunction with the embodiments with reference to the accompanying drawings.
Fig. 1 is structural representation of the present invention,
Fig. 2 is brick blade position schematic diagram of the present invention,
Fig. 3 is slide block connection structure schematic diagram of the present invention.
In figure, mark has: 1 brick pallet conveying device; 2 brick supporting plates; 3 upper plate dollies; 401 frames; 402 points of base guide rails; 403 movable sliders; 404 slide blocks hinged with frame; 405 points of base connecting pins; 406 points of base connecting rods; 407 points of base connecting bands; 408 points of base cylinders; 409 hygrometric state blank bricks; 5 push away blanket; 6 lift cylinders; 7 roller racks; 8, top board cylinder; 9 carrying rollers.
Detailed description of the invention
In order to make object of the present invention, technical scheme and advantage clearly understand, below in conjunction with drawings and Examples, the present invention is further elaborated.Should be appreciated that specific embodiment described herein only in order to explain the present invention, be not intended to limit the present invention.
In describing the invention, it will be appreciated that, term " longitudinal direction ", " transverse direction ", " on ", D score, "front", "rear", "left", "right", " vertically ", " level ", " top ", " end ", " interior ", the orientation of the instruction such as " outward " or position relationship be based on orientation shown in the drawings or position relationship, only the present invention for convenience of description, instead of indicate or imply that the device of indication or element must have specific orientation, with specific azimuth configuration and operation, therefore can not be interpreted as limitation of the present invention.
See Fig. 1, as shown in the figure, a kind of point base upper trigger automatically manufacturing insulating refractory adobe, comprising:
One blank distributing mechanism, the slide block 404 that described blank distributing mechanism comprises frame 401, is located at the transverse billet separating guide rail 402 of frame 401 downside, the multiple L shape slide blocks 403, a piece be embedded on point base guide rail 402 that slide are hinged with frame 401, width and the hygrometric state blank brick 409 (insulating refractory adobe) of L-type slide block 403,404 are roughly equal, are provided with point base connecting band 407 of restriction space out between adjacent sliders; Be in outermost slide block 404 to connect with point base cylinder 408 piston rod be fixed on housiung separator, and under it drives, be with movable slider 403 to close up or separate;
One brick pallet conveying device 1, brick pallet conveying device 1 and blank distributing mechanism intersect vertically, and its end is fixed in the frame below slide block 403,404, for brick supporting plate 2 is transported to (as shown in Figure 2) below slide block;
One upper plate mechanism, be provided with upper plate track above blank distributing mechanism, upper plate track is provided with upper plate dolly 3 and actuating device, upper plate dolly 3 is equipped with and pushes away blanket 5 and lift cylinder 6, push away blanket 5 to be articulated with on upper plate dolly 3 by a crossbeam, and rise along hinge-point under lift cylinder 6 acts on or fall; Push away blanket 5 lower end and be provided with multiple dentation, the gap between this dentation with slide block 403 and when separating with slide block 404 is corresponding, for being pushed from slide block 403,404 together with the blank brick 409 on slide block by brick supporting plate 2 simultaneously;
One control system, this control system comprises Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, brick blade position sensor, slide position inductor, upper plate dolly position transduser and pushes away blanket position transduser, and brick blade position sensor, slide position inductor, upper plate dolly position transduser are all connected with Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system with the signal output part pushing away blanket position transduser; Wherein brick blade position sensor is positioned at the end of brick pallet conveying device 1, for brick supporting plate 2 position on perception brick pallet conveying device 1, and the actuating device of brick pallet conveying device 1 is controlled by Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, brick supporting plate 2 is parked in appropriate location wait and pushes away base upper plate; Slide position inductor is positioned in the frame 401 below slide block, for the change in location of perception movable slider 403, controls a point base cylinder 408 carry out action by Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system; Upper plate dolly position transduser is positioned on upper plate track, for the position of perception upper plate dolly 3, controls upper plate drive car run by Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system; Pushing away blanket position transduser is positioned on upper plate dolly 3, for knowing the position and height that push away blanket 5, and carries out action by Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system control lift cylinder 6.
See Fig. 3, at frame 401 side horizontal, 402, one piece, point base guide rail and the hinged slide block 404 of frame 401, point base cylinder 408 are housed, point base guide rail 402 is equipped with some groups of movable sliders 403, divide base connecting band 407 to be fixed between slide block 404 and each movable slider 403 successively, slide block 404 and movable slider 403 space between each other set adjustable.The movable slider 403 of slide block 404 opposite side is supported with a point base connecting pin 405, and point base connecting rod 406 one end is by movable slider 403 chain connection of point base connecting pin 405 with distalmost end, and the other end is threaded with the cylinder rod of point base cylinder 408.
Working process: from very close to each other between the hygrometric state blank brick 409 that blank cutter transmits, when dividing the cylinder rod of base cylinder 408 to stretch out, by extrapolated for the movable slider 403 of opposite side, and pull open all the other slide blocks successively by a point base connecting band 407, make to space out between hygrometric state blank brick, complete a point blank process, then push away blanket 5 and be lowered to appropriate location under lift cylinder 6 acts on, its dentation stretches into space of slider and substantially flush with brick supporting plate 2 side, then Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system drives upper plate dolly 3 by actuating device, brick supporting plate 2 is pushed with cloth together with blank brick 409, blank brick 409 is made just in time to drop on brick supporting plate 2, complete upper plate operation.
Be provided with a top panel mechanism below brick pallet conveying device 1, for by brick supporting plate 2 from brick pallet conveying device 1 jack-up, make the two disengage; Top panel mechanism comprises at least one pair of and is arranged at carrying roller 9 below brick pallet conveying device 1, carrying roller 9 is connected with the piston rod of top board cylinder 8 by roller rack 7, carrying roller 9 is for supporting brick supporting plate 2 and be close to the bottom surface of movable slider 403 and slide block 404, and brick supporting plate 2 can horizontal slip in slide block movable slider 403 and the space between slide block 404 and carrying roller 9.Because brick pallet conveying device 1 is in order to prevent brick supporting plate 2 landing, its surface is comparatively rough, there is larger static friction force, cause and push away blanket 5 action and run into larger resistance, by carrying roller 9, brick supporting plate 2 is held up, because carrying roller 9 freely can rotate along own torque, thus and form Structure deformation between brick supporting plate 2, can the effectively less resistance pushing away blanket 5, make the action of upper plate dolly 3 more smooth and easy.
Although illustrate and describe embodiments of the invention, for the ordinary skill in the art, be appreciated that and can carry out multiple change, amendment, replacement and modification to these embodiments without departing from the principles and spirit of the present invention, scope of the present invention is by claims and equivalents thereof.

Claims (2)

1. manufacture a point base upper trigger automatically for insulating refractory adobe, it is characterized in that comprising:
One blank distributing mechanism, described blank distributing mechanism comprises frame, is located at the cross slide way of frame downside, sliding is embedded the multiple L shape slide blocks on described cross slide way, width and the insulating refractory adobe of described L-type slide block are roughly equal, are provided with point base connecting band of restriction space out between adjacent described slide block; The most inboard described slide block and frame hinged, be in outermost slide block hinged with point base cylinder piston rod be fixed on housiung separator, order about described slide block by described point of base connecting band and to close up or separately;
One brick pallet conveying device, described brick pallet conveying device and described blank distributing mechanism intersect vertically, and its end is fixed in the frame below described slide block, for being transported to below described slide block by brick supporting plate;
One upper plate mechanism, be provided with upper plate track above described blank distributing mechanism, upper plate track is provided with upper plate dolly and actuating device, upper plate dolly is equipped with and pushes away blanket and lift cylinder, the described blanket that pushes away is articulated with on described upper plate dolly by a crossbeam, and rises under lift cylinder effect or fall; The described blanket lower end that pushes away is provided with multiple dentation, and gap when this dentation separates with described slide block is corresponding, for being pushed from described slide block together with the blank brick on described slide block by described brick supporting plate simultaneously;
One control system, this control system comprises Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, brick blade position sensor, slide position inductor, upper plate dolly position transduser and pushes away blanket position transduser, and described brick blade position sensor, slide position inductor, upper plate dolly position transduser are all connected with described Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system with the signal output part pushing away blanket position transduser; Wherein said brick blade position sensor is positioned at described brick pallet conveying device end, brick blade position on brick pallet conveying device described in perception, and the actuating device of described brick pallet conveying device is controlled by described Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system, brick supporting plate is parked in appropriate location wait and pushes away base upper plate; Described slide position inductor is positioned in the frame below described slide block, for the change in location of slide block described in perception, controls a described point base cylinder carry out action by described Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system; Described upper plate dolly position transduser is positioned on described upper plate track, for the position of upper plate dolly described in perception, controls described upper plate drive car run by described Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system; The described blanket position transduser that pushes away is positioned on described upper plate dolly, for pushing away position and the height of blanket described in knowing, and controls described lift cylinder by described Single Chip Microcomputer (SCM) system and carries out action.
2. a kind of point base upper trigger automatically manufacturing insulating refractory adobe according to claim 1, it is characterized in that: below described brick pallet conveying device, be provided with a top panel mechanism, for by brick supporting plate from described brick pallet conveying device jack-up, make the two disengage; Described top panel mechanism comprises at least one pair of and is arranged at carrying roller below described brick pallet conveying device, described carrying roller is connected by the piston rod of support with top board cylinder, described carrying roller is for supporting described brick supporting plate and being close to the bottom surface of described slide block, and described brick supporting plate can horizontal slip in the space between described slide block and carrying roller.
CN201510256628.2A 2015-05-19 2015-05-19 Automatic blank separating and plate feeding machine for producing thermal-insulating and fire-resistant brick Active CN104944130B (en)

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Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109591181B (en) * 2018-11-29 2020-12-22 吉安民辉新型材料有限公司 Light brick separating device

Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4036350A (en) * 1974-01-08 1977-07-19 Jones Robert E Method and apparatus for handling brick for inspection and feeding
CN102601699A (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-07-25 安徽同步自动化科技有限公司 Automatic grinding/slitting system for refractory bricks
CN202480251U (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-10-10 安徽同步自动化科技有限公司 Refractory brick automatic slitting device
CN202479910U (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-10-10 安徽同步自动化科技有限公司 Adobe-turning mechanism for fire-resistant adobe continuous grinding
CN103600979A (en) * 2013-10-31 2014-02-26 仙游县东方机械有限公司 Automatic blank distributing machine
CN204777484U (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-11-18 安徽同步自动化科技有限公司 Make automation that insulating fire brick base used and divide trigger on base

Patent Citations (6)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
US4036350A (en) * 1974-01-08 1977-07-19 Jones Robert E Method and apparatus for handling brick for inspection and feeding
CN102601699A (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-07-25 安徽同步自动化科技有限公司 Automatic grinding/slitting system for refractory bricks
CN202480251U (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-10-10 安徽同步自动化科技有限公司 Refractory brick automatic slitting device
CN202479910U (en) * 2012-03-14 2012-10-10 安徽同步自动化科技有限公司 Adobe-turning mechanism for fire-resistant adobe continuous grinding
CN103600979A (en) * 2013-10-31 2014-02-26 仙游县东方机械有限公司 Automatic blank distributing machine
CN204777484U (en) * 2015-05-19 2015-11-18 安徽同步自动化科技有限公司 Make automation that insulating fire brick base used and divide trigger on base

Cited By (1)

* Cited by examiner, † Cited by third party
Publication number Priority date Publication date Assignee Title
CN109591181B (en) * 2018-11-29 2020-12-22 吉安民辉新型材料有限公司 Light brick separating device

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Effective date of registration: 20200703

Address after: 233100 Liu Fu Zhen Jiu Long Cun, Fengyang County, Chuzhou City, Anhui Province

Patentee after: FENGYANG JIULONG NEW BUILDING MATERIALS Co.,Ltd.

Address before: 237060, Lu'an Economic Development Zone, Anhui province by the three road science and Technology Innovation Center

Patentee before: ANHUI SYNCHRONOUS AUTOMATION TECHNOLOGY Co.,Ltd.